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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 18, 1953, Winona, Minnesota 728 Americans Die in Globemaster Crash in Japan TOKYO (fl A giant C-124 Globemaster pinwheeled out of the murky sky near Tokyo to- day and crashed in flames car- rying 128 Americans to their deaths in history's worst air disaster. The Air Force said 60 bodies had been identified. The huge transport was carrying 121 Army engineers and airmen back to battle stations in Ko- rea. The plane had a crew of l. There were no survivors. The Globemaster crashed seconds after taking off from the U. S. air base at Tachi- kawa, 25 miles west of Tokyo. An eyewitness said the giant plane "somersaulted like a bird and plummeted' to the ground." A Japanese farmer, Masay- asu Kinoshita, said "the, huge plane came skimming over the trees by the highway. Two of its four propellers were not turning. Then it circled and crashed and exploded." The plane was a special flight for soldiers, of the regular courier runs be- tween Japan and Korea. The worst previous air disas- ter was the crash of another Globemaster near Larson Air Force Ease at Moses Lake, Wash., which killed 86 last Dec. 20. Associated Press photog- rapher Max Desfor reported from the scene: "The plane crashed in a muddy rice field just in front of a bamboo grove. "There were large pieces of the wreck still intact, including one twisted wing. "One tangle of wreckage with an engine was jammed in- to a crumpled heap about 30 feet high. "An ambulance driver said 'It was a terrible sight. They were mangled "We got right up- to the scene and air police demanded 'crash Desfor said. "We explained, we were ac- credited correspondents and were admitted. After I took pictures some guard said the film would be seized and turn- ed over to the Tachikawa base commander. "However, the matter was straightened out and 'we re- tained the film." Associated Press Correspond- ent Stan reporting from the scene, said sickened Air Force medics toiled under searchlights carrying broken bodies to ambulances across 100 yards of deep mud. Something Out of Hell "The scene was like some- thing out of Carter said. Names of the dead will not be released until next of kin are notified. Last Friday the Air Force briefly grounded all Globemas- ters after the failure of small generator parts had caused fires in the engine's .of two planes. Most of the planes were out of service only a few hours. i Witnesses agreed the Globe- master was not afire when it hit the ground. An Air Force .board which investigated last December's crash at Moses'. Lake found that the big plane crashed: because someone had failed to unlock control surfaces beforr the takeoff. The Air Force ordered special pre-takeoff check routine as a result, and- work was speeded up on de- vices to prevent such occur- rences. Fair, Warmer Tonight; Fair, Cooler Friday Chiefs at Rochester Tonight at 8, KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 103 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 18, T953 TWENTY PAGES Flood To Escape From Prison Camps Allies Hope Moye Will Not Delay Cease-Fire Order By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO W) Some anti- Red Korean prisoners were freed today on orders of South Korean President Syngman Rhee "in violation of the authority of the United Nations Command" int periling a truce. Foun hundred more broke out Friday (Korean time) after a jloody clash with U. S. soldiers and Marines at a camp near Seoul's port of Inchon. Ten pris- oners were reported killed and 93 wounded. A Marine was seriously wounded. The statement that Rhee violat- ed the U. N. Command authority came from Secretary of State Dulles in Washington after he .alked with President Eisenhower. Today's breakout from a camp lousing prisoners near Inchon came after U. S. troops had re- placed South Korean, guards. South guards had allowed masses if anti-Red prisoners to flee from our other camps. Accepts Responsibility Rhee immediately accepted re- iponsibility for the surprise move official act in open revolt against United Nations' efforts to each cease-fire terms with the Communists. Rhee said in a statement he did it "without full consultation with the United Nations Command." WASHINGTON government urged the Supreme Court "We pulled'the rug from under today to overturn at once Justice William 0. Douglas' order blocking j their a South Korean gov- tonight's scheduled execution of atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosen-1 ernment spokesman boasted. A Newsman Looks at a high pile of wreckage and the motor of the Air Force Globemaster plane which crashed today near Tachikawa air base, 25 miles west of Tokyo, killing all 128 persons aboard. It was the worst disaster in aviation history. All of the dead were Americans. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 9 Justices Debate Rosenbergs' Fate BULLETIN WASHINGTON Supreme Court at p.m. (CST) today completed hearing arguments on whether to reverse the stay of execution granted by Justice William 0. Douglas to Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted atom spies. The nine justices left "the bench without any word as to when they will announce the deci- sion. Rhee Frees Red Prisoners Men Permitted berg. court But an attorney for the husband and wife spy team told the high rt it was acting with "unseemly haste" at its historic session and Not Much Chance Seen for Bill to Impeach Douglas that "this is not the' decent way to decide this question." In all its history, the court never before had been convened in, special session for such a purpose.! arbitrary order for tfae Chief Justice Fred M. Vmson re-1 first time turned South Korea's President Eisenhower quickly conferred at the White House in Washington with congressmen over the critical development. One con- feree, Sen. Styles Bridges (R-NH) said afterward "it is a serious WASHINGTON resolution to impeach Supreme Court Justice William 0'. Douglas was headed on the path through Congress to- day, but on past records the odds were against much of anything happening. On only 12 occasions has a court of impeachment been convened by Congress, and in U. S. history only four federal judges have ever been removed from office via the impeachment route. Only one Supreme Court justice has ever been tried, and he was acquitted. This was Justice Samuel Chase, back in 1805.- The impeachment resolution, in- troduced Wednesday by Rep. Wheeler was greeted by cheers and applause in the House. Shortly before, Dauglas had grant- ad a stay of execution to Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, convicted of atomic espionage. Hasty, Ill-Advised Later Rep. Chelf a member of the House Judiciary Committee, termed it a "hasty, ill-advised, sensational opinion" by "that" self-appointed, one-man Su- preme Court, Justice William 0 Douglas." Under a 1925 law, any Supreme Court justice has the power to stay an execution. Douglas said a legal- point of- substantial nature, not be- fore considered by the high court, had been raised by attorneys seek- ing the stay. Douglas said today his decision was a matter of legal routine. convened the court after it had recessed for the summer to hear arguments on the appeal by Atty jGen. Brownell from Douglas' or- der not to let the Rosenbergs die in Sing Sing's electric chair to night. Douglas said there were doubts in his mind as to whether the couple had been tried and sen tenced under the right law. In arguing for a quick reversal of Douglas' decision, acting Solici- tor General Robert L. Stern told the nine justices: "What one justice can do, this court can undo." Time for Argument Each side was alloted an hour and a half for argument and Stern used up an hour and two minutes before sitting down at a m. That left him 28 minutes for rebuttal later in the day Up rose Daniel G. Marshall of Los Angeles, Calif., who has been called an "interloper" in the case by the Rosenberg trial judge( Irv- ing R. Kaufman of N.ew York. Marshall pleaded for more time. He said he and other attorneys representing the Rosenbergs had been given a comparatively few hours to study a question of "great complexity." The defense was still presenting its argument at noon (CST) when the court recessed 30 minutes for lunch. All nine justices were present. It was the 'first time the court had ever been convened for such a purpose. If a majority agrees to overrule Douglas, the condemned atom spies could be put to death at Sing Sing prison at 9 p. m. (CST) to- night as had been scheduled before Douglas issued his stay order or at any time before Saturday mid- night.. fe. vociferous anti-truce threats into direct action. Rhee said in a statement: "The reason why I did this with- out full consultation with the U. N. Command and other authorities concerned is too obvious to ex- plain "According to the Geneva Con- vention and principles of hu- City Army Engineers Would Build Up Present Dikes This Is The Principal Area in which the Corps of Engineers is recommending the -expenditure of about to strengthen Winona's defenses against the Mississippi River. Lock and Dam 5-A Dike, the white line stretching in the .distance from near Minnesota City to Prairie Island Park, would be heightened, as would the Prairie Island road dike, from the eastern end of the dam dike south to the Crooked Slough dike. The Crooked Slough dike would be raised too. In this picture a line has been drawn to emphasize the location of the Prairie Island road. (Republican- Herald photo) man right the prisoners should have been released long be- fore this." No official source would specu- late whether that would delay or block an armistice that had seemed only an arm's reach away. First reaction from observers was that Rhee's move would not keep the Allies from signing an armistice agreement. Reds May Balk However, some sources said the Reds might balk and demand de- livery of the prisoners. They were part of anti-Red North Ko- reans and Chinese who refused to go home and thus became a prob- lem that was resolved xonly last week after months of'negotiations, Rhee's order came last night. By 5 a. m. prisoners had slipped away in'the darkness and scat- tered. -V The surprise action caused grave concern in Western capitals. Presi- dent in Washington quicHy conferred with sional leaders on the development, which one conferee called "a seri- ous thing." In London, Prime Minister Churchill told Commons he was' "shocked and grieved." The-For- eign Office asked the'United Na- tions for "a full report." The nervous U. N. Command Sanded the Reds a letter at Pan- munjom saying South Korean guards who allowed the mass Dreak from four South Korean camps had been replaced by U. S. troops. Ike Urged to larify Stand )n Book Burning WASHINGTON Jackson D-Wash) said today President Eisenhower "in fairness" ought to larify his declaration that the tate Department has his permis- ion to burn books containing down- ight Communist propaganda. Eisenhower made the statement at a news conference yesterday and, when asked, declined to say whether his gibe at "book burn- in a speech at Dartmouth College Sunday, was aimed at Sen. McCarthy Eisenhower's reply was that he never deals in personalities. McCarthy, who said he was sure he was not the target of Eisen- hower's remark, said after the news conference: "I think he has given a com-, mendable clarification of the Dart- mouth 'speech, which apparently has been misunderstood by many newsmen." McCarthy amended the comment Tremendous Wheat Crop in Southwest By JOHN KAY ADAMS DALLAS operator J. D. Russell says he is harvesting so much wheat for. farmers this Reds Execute East Berlin Riot Leader BERLIN GK A Russian firing squad today -executed, a German accused by the Soviet'Army com- mand of organizing anti-Commu- nist riots in East Berlin, Major General P. T. Dibrova, now ruling East Berlin under a state of siege, announced the exe- cution. The Soviet general described the by man, Willi Goettling, as "a resident of West Berlin, who The President's denunciation of worked on order of a foreign intel- "book burners" had been inter- preted., widely as aimed at Mc- ligence service, was one of the ac- tive organizers of'provocations and Carthy's successful fight to remove disturbances in the Soviet sector of from U. S. overseas libraries what j Berlin, and participated in the vio- the senator contends lent bancQtry.against the organs of Communist books" by some 200 and the population." authors. McCarthy .said he doubted'the Dartmouth'; speech could apply to him' because "I have burned no andj since "it has been the President's own administration that has ordered the book burn- .Eisenhower could order it Jackson, in a separate interview, "President Eisenhower in fair- ness to all concerned ought to state specifically what he did .have in. mind. This controversy over book such tremendous pub- ic importance the President and Secretary ;of State Dulles should ;eave no ground for misunderstand- iig of their policy." Shotgun Blast Girl- BLACKDUCK, Minn. A 3- y ear-old girl was killed today by a shotgun blast accidentally fired by her 4-year-old brother. The dead girl .was Wendy Ann Nelson, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wilbur Nelson. of---Shotley, about 20 miles north of -Blackdnck. The accident occurred in the Nelson farm home when the boy picked up a loaded shotgun. The charge struck the girl in the ab- domen. She was dead by the time she" arrived at a doctor's office. spring they don't know what to do with all their cash. "I had to keep one of them from stopping cars on the highway anc trying to loan the drivers Russell said with a twinkling smile. The 43-year-old Dallas County farmer is cutting his neighbors' wheat before pushing north with the harvest. He says the wheat is the best he has ever seen. Some of it is yielding 50 bushels to the acre comparei" bushels. There is so much work to do getting in the tremendous crop that some harvesting crews are spend- ing extra days here along the southern edge of the great conti- nental wheat belt. Others are working now in Oklahoma and in the drought-damaged fields of the Texas Panhandle, one -of the few sections of the nation where the crop is poor this year. All summer, combine crews like Russell's will toil in the golden fields from Texas through Kan- sas, Nebraska and the Dakotas. September frost will catch them on the Canadian prairies at the end of their trek. They will harvest an estimated bushels in the U. S. There is a 'carry-over of some 570 million bushels from last season. The total would give the U. S. an export and carry-over excess of a billion bushels, the greatest. grain surplus in the history of any nation. The nation's bountiful billion- bushel wheat crops have come about in the last 10 years, largely through the efforts of enterprising men like Russell. They have used their own capital to mechanize the .mightiest harvest in history. The young.Texas farmer brought his-first self-propelled combine to the Dallas County town of Lan- caster, in 1943. It sat on the-, town square, where the curious could get a close look at it. Russell runs three of them- now with supporting trucks. 'V Port Wiped Out, Supplies Lost In Alaska Fire ANCHORAGE, Alaska and explosions destroyed millions of dollars worth of military in- stallations and supplies last night at Alaska's main military port of Whittier, 72 miles southeast of here. The ravaging, wind blown flames in less than four hours destroyed three "new warehouses, two docks and other buildings. Reports here and, at Seward but not confirmed by the military said that a quantity of ammunition blew up. Cause of the fire'was undeter- mined and two uno_fficial versions were given. One. said that a forest fire in adjacent timber swept into the town. The second said a boiler in one of the warehouses blew up to set off the blaze. Three persons were reported critically injured in the boiler explosion. An Alaska Railroad yardmaster was believed to be the only other casualty, although hun- dreds of stevedore troops stationed there were used in fighting the fire. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Friday. .Warmer tonight, turning colder late Friday or Friday night. Low tonight 68, high Friday 90.': LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 90; minimum, 64; noon, precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sim rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Max. temp. 88 at noon, min. 75 at a.m., clear skies, visibility., miles, wind. 15 miles per hour rom east, barometer 29.68 steady, lumidity 55 per Protection of Area From Huff Street Downriver Omitted By ADOLPH BREMER Republican-Herald City Editor The Corps of Engineers is recommending that the fed- era] government spend about to strengthen Wi- nona's flood defenses. But the St. Paul District Engineers' survey indicates that it is not "economically, feasible" to place flood con- trol structures in any major area not now protected. The Engineers are proposing in their report to Congress that the present flood control system only be strengthened and that is, strengthening and raising the dikes and expanding the pump- ing the dikes. So, under-this plan, the en- tire riverfront area from Huff Street downriver will remain unprotected- became ifs not economically feasible to put flood control structure? ffiere. By economically-'unfeasible the Engineers mean that the benefits ;d be gained, based on predictable lood frequency and damage in- curred during a flood, are far be- ow the cost of the structures. Col. A. H. Bagnulo told the City Council at City Hall Wednesday evening that it would Cost about 'S million to build a defense against the Mississippi River from Hinnesota City to Homer, area involved in providing com-, plete protection for the city. V Col. Bagnulo said that his survey has demonstrated that this is "not 'easible" because of the low benefit cost ratio. For this entire area the Engj- neers figure the benefit cost ratio s 0.5; for the proposed project: .15. The proposed project in- volves raising and strengthen- ing the dike system, and ex- panding the interior pumping for a river stage of about 21 feet. That's the "design flood." Dur- ing the 1952 flood the water flow reached cubic feet a second.- The Engineers have computed that it is possible that there might be a flood which would reach cubic feet, but their "design flood" is for cubic feet a second. At present, Winona's dikes will keep out water up to about 19V4 feet (the 1952 stage was so the Engineers will raise the dikes, roughly, about another VA feet, but, in addition, government regu- lations require 3 feet of freeboard, on top of that. The dike project in detail: Raising the Lock and Dam 5A dike about 2 feet, from near Minnesota City to: the spillway at the upper end. of Prairie Island feet. Raising the Prairie Island' Park road about 3 feet, from the end of the spillway to the southern side of. Crooked mately feet. Raising Crooked Slough dike, constructed by the city last fall at a cost of approximately about 4 feet, from Prairie Island road to near the North Western Railway station at Huff proximately feet. Raising the Burns Valley Creek ditch and extending the :ross-dike built by the "city there last year across lake Winona but- let ditch to high ground near the; Milwaukee Road mately feet: That's feet-or about sev-- en dikes. The But the major portion of 'the would be spent for pumping 'acilities behind the dikes, it was, ndicated by the in their informal report of'the survey to the City Council.: Those pumping facilities are designed to pump seepage out of he and to-'" landle maximum rainfalls occurr-, ing during flooding periods. the capacity at, Continued on 1, Column 2) ;