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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 18, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Thursday Cooler Thursday Band Concert Lake Park Tonight VOL. 52, NO. 104 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY 18, 1952 TWENTY PAGES 1 H-Bomb Can Wreck WholeCity By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP't WASHINGTON The nightmare of our times was unconsciously t pointed out, the other day, by Sen. Brien McMahon, of Connecticut. When he announced his presiden- tial candidacy, the senator offer- ed the construction of a thousand hydrogen bombs as the chief point in his political program. Mass pro- duction of weapons of total destruc- tion is certainly an odd bait to dangle before the electorate; yet j Sen. McMahon was not exactly j talking through his hat. The truth is that mass output of super-bombs is probably not very j released, and several others thrown out of the truck escaped Ike Warns Taff far off. An Austrian physicist pub Teen much elaborated and refined, and j was being actively argued in the scientific inner circle, when Klaus j Fuchs was still working at Los Alamos, And today the practical problems have been largely solved, and the testing stage is at hand, j Top Development It is important to realize that the successful construction of a true super-bomb will be a development surpassing the construction of the atomic bomb, in the same way that the atomic bomb surpassed the World War H blockbuster. The two I weapons are different in principle. ?est war The atomic bomb depends upon nuclear fission of the huge atoms of uranium or phitonium, The su- per-bomb depends upon the nuclear fusion of the small atoms of hydro- gen. Above all, the two weapons are j different in potential. The last Eniwetok bomb had a power of j over 300 kilotons, which is scien lists' language for the explosivi force of tons of high explo sive. This is somewhere near the limit of an atomic bomb. In contrast, the first true super- bomb to be detonated is expectec to have a power of two megatons, which is the equivalent of the ex- plosive force of tons of high explosive. Moreover, this is not the end. There are complex limitations of mechanism, and lim- its also on the size of the super- bomb that can be delivered to a distant target. None the less, the two-megaton bomb can theoretical- ly become the precursor of even greater and more terrible weapons. Have Experimental Model The confident anticipation that a two-megaton bomb can now be con- structed represents a change in scientific opinion. As first disclos- ed in this space, the first hydro- gen fusion bomb will be detonated at Eniwetok at the end.of the summer. This experimental model will not be the true super-bomb, however. Until very recently, there was the most widespread doubt among the best qualified scientists that the true super-bomb could and would ever be built. The vital re- cent development is that this doubt has been resolved, and that the super-bomb is definitely in pros- pect. The character of this weapon; which is in prospect goes beyond! what the normal human imagina- tion can comprehend. The two-meg- aton bomb will achieve total de- struction in an area of just under 100 square miles. It will devastate by Wast an area just under 180 square miles. In its single explo- sion, a whole vast megalopolis, a great modern capital, can be wip- ed from the face of the earth vvith almost the finality of the end of the cities of the plain. Within the American govern- ment, even the anticipation of this weapon is already causing con- troversy and heart-searching. Im- provements in design have made it passible for speedy light bombers and even long-range fighters, to car- ry atomic bombs. These means of delivery are both vastly more econ- omical and vastly better calculated to penetrate enemy air defenses than the huge and costly aircraft now composing our Strategic Air Force. Hence a growing school in the Air Staff has been advocating a change-over. Must Be Large But the super-bomb depends for its power on the quantity of the heavy isotopes of hydrogen that is exploded in it. It is necessarily large, and the more powerful it is, the larger it is. It cannot be car- ried by light planes. Hence Gen. Curtis LeMay is not merely oppos- ing any change in the composition of the Strategic Air Force. He is even demanding authorization for 11 additional wings of the larg- est jet bombers. These wings would cost somewhere between and and on the basis of the present budget, they would knock the rest of the Air Force program into a cocked Would Hurt Ui Doubts Dulles Plank Will Satisfy Both Factions in Party By DON WHITEHEAD DENVER IJPI Gen. Dwight D. I Eisenhower's backstage remarks have revealed a presidential can- today with more "give 'em hell" determination than his public I speeches have reflected. I This became increasingly clear after the general talked to Western GOP convention delegates and to a Ismail group of newsmen in an al- most-secret meeting yesterday. I Reports which leaked out of these sessions showed that Eisenhower believes: 1. That Sen. Taft of Ohio is among the "isolationists" in the United States who want to pull back into a shel) in this country, arm to the teeth, and then sit tight against communism. 2. That he (Eisenhower) is going to win the GOP presidential nom- ination. 3. That he doesn't believe John Foster Dulles, Republican foreign policy leader, can .draft a foreign policy plank that would be accept- able both to himself (Eisenhower) and Taft. 4. That he doesn't favor giving generals a five-star rank in peace- T By LARRY ALLEN because it could lead to a HAiNOI, Indochina you want to know when the second big-1 rank-heavy Army that start war in u.ia-fhat nf tho Pr.nnh against the !putting seven stars on generals A Trapped Cow Peers out from behind the dual rear wheels of a wrecked cattle truck after a highway accident near Lincoln, Neb. The trapped animal was one of 11 in the truck, involved in a collision with two other vehicles. The trapped cow was later injury. The accident brought death to Walter Anderson Sr., 49, truck involved. (AP Indochina War In Stalemate Senate Kills Bill To Build Seaway Solons Spurn Truman Plea For Project 818 Million Dollar St. Lawrence Act Back in Committee of the French Union forces i j -i ov, v okai uti ACUCl (113. Communist-led Vietminh in going to end, consult your 5. That the federal government, You'll get as accurate an answer there as anywhere. Pamela Klein, 10 months old, gets a cooling shower from a sprinkling can held by her brother as she sits in a bird bath at their home in Chicago in an attempt to overcome the heat. The mercury reached 95 degrees in Chicago and surrounding areas. (AP Photo) There isn't even a glimmer of hope of victory for either the French or the Vietminh. The bitter struggle between the armies of Moscow-trained Ho Chi Minn and the French Union already has dragged on for six years and, bar- ring intervention by Red China, could go on for many years to come. That might be hard for the aver- age American to understand. He knows the United States is pouring states and local communities must j pitch in with pump priming and work projects to help the people in times of depression. Makes Good Impression This afternoon the general was slated to discuss his -views with GOP delegates from Oregon and Arizona. Yesterday he talked with the delegates from Colorado, Utah and Wyoming. Spokesmen for these delegations said the general had made a strong impression on the visitors. Their reports indicated Eisenhower might Married June 17, 1902, in a triple ceremony in St. Ann's Catholic Church in Somerset, Wis., these three couples gathered again yesterday to repeat vows on their 50th anniversaries and. to cut into a fresh wedding cake. They are left to right, Mr. Conrad In Iceland OSLO, Norway to into Indochina. He knows the French have fighters, bombers, heavy artillery and everything they need to win a war. The Vietminh fight with machine guns, grenades, rifles and pistols. Although supplied by the Chinese Communists, they don't have the modern equipment to wage a first class war. Why don't the French launch a full-scale offensive and try to force a decision? Hit and Run War There's a good answer in a single sentence: There isn't any front in Indochina. This is a "hit and run" war. The Vietminh attack French or Viet Namese military posts, villages or towns, when they think :hey have the defenders, outnum- )ered and see a chance of a quick, oca! victory. They flee to the mountains the moment they know French reinforcements are arriv- ing for a showdown battle. This is a war of fast movement. There are no trenches. There's no front. So how can the French win the war when they can't corner enough of the Vietminh long enough to force a battle of decision? On the other side of the picture, the Vietminh can't win, either! They lack the modern equipment to put on a big show. They stu- I Sola airport from Iceland today lo pul on a Dig snow. Tney stu- said that Max Conrad, song-writing diously avoid committing any large father of ten, had reached an air-1 number of forces against port there on his transatlantic solo flight in a Piper plane. Conrad is expected to fly direct- ly from Iceland to Sola. Big Potato Shortage Over By The Associated Press The nation's big potato shortage is over. There are plenty of spuds in markets from coast to coast. _____......__ An Associated Press Why donV the" French just fan French. Vietminh Satisfied The Vietminh might figure they're satisfied with things the way they are. I They're tying up French Union troops which France badly needs to supplement her contribu- tion to NATO in Europe. They're forcing the United States to send almost a billion -dollars of war as- sistance to Indochina that might well be used elsewhere. The Vietminh territorially control most of Viet Nam. Out of Viet Nam's 23 million people, there are 13 million in Vietminh-held territory to verify the statements. Marvin L. Bishop, Taft supporter and chairman of Wyoming's dele- gation, told reporters he believed tljere was a good chance the dele- gation might decide in caucus at Chicago to cast six votes each for Taft and Eisenhower as a matter of policy. Bishop made this statement after nine of Wyoming's 12 delegates visited the general. An Associated Press poll of the delegation has shown six for Taft, two for Eisen- hower and four not committed. H. Pratt Kessler of Salt Lake City, Utah state GOP chairman and GOP delegation chairman, said Utah's 14 votes would be solid for Taft on the first he believed Eisenhower would get six of them after the first ballot. Touches Off Uproar Eisenhower touched off 'an up- roar among newsmen covering his campaign when he attended a small private luncheon yesterday to which only a handful of reporters were invited. Apparently the gen- eral was entirely unaware of the furore he was creating. The luncheon was arranged by Charles Lucey of the Scripps-How- ard newspapers, which had an- nounced Monday they had decided to back Eisenhower in the presi- dential campaign. John L. Lewis Pledges Support In Steel Strike WASHINGTON W! John L. 'Lewis told the striking CIO Steel- workers today his mine workers are "in the fight with you" and said his union is getting up a 10 million dollar fund to help them win their strike. Lewis, head of the ber mine workers union, pledged the full support of his union in a message to Philip Murray, leader of the CIO unionists who walked off their jobs 17 days ago in a dis- pute over wages and a union shop. The mine workers' chieftain said I __ Murray's steelworkers are engaged searching for a Swedish "transport WASHINGTON Senate, spurning a last-minute plea by President Truman, today killed a bill to authorize the United States to join with Canada in construct- ing the 818 million dollar St. Law- rence seaway and power project. It adopted 43 to 40. a motion by Sen. O'Connor (D-Md) to return the bill to its Foreign Relations Committee for further study. The Senate thus repeated action it took in 1947, the last time a similar bill was up for Senate con- sideration. The measure, opponents and pro- ponents agree, now has no chance of being brought up again at this session of Congress, nearing ad- journment or recess until after the national political conventions. Truman, in a letter to Sen. Rus- sell said failure of this country to participate in the inter- national project would be "one of I the worst economic mistakes" it has ever made. j Truman's letter was read to the j Senate just before it began debate STOCKHOLM, Sweden Swedes bitterly denounced as I on the motion to send the bill back lies today Russian charges that a Swedish plane shot down Mon-1 day by Soviet jet fighters had flown over Russian territory and I h announced months ago and Mrs. Victor Belisle, Amery, Wis.; Mr. and Mrs, John La Venture, Somerset, and Mr. and Mrs. Nelson Belisle, Range, Wis. All three couples are descendants of French-Canadian settlers. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Swedes Deny Plane Over Russian Area opened fire on the Reds first. The Soviet claims were contained in a note handed the Swed- ish ambassador in Moscow by For- eign Minister Andrei Y. Vishinsky. The note, as broadcast by Radio Moscow, said that the Swedish plane flew over the Russian-held island of Dagoe near the Estonian coast, opened fire on Soviet fight- ers when they ordered it to land, and flew out over the Baltic Sea after the Russian planes returned the fire. The Swedish Air Force had told a vastly different the plane, a Catalina flying boat in a fight with "rapacious and pre- datory interests." But, he said, he is confident the steelworkers will win their objec- tives "by the strength and forti- :ude of your great membership, plane missing over the Baltic since last Friday and also feared a vic- tim of Soviet jets, was unarmed and was shot down 18 miles out- side Russian territorial waters. Two of the downed plane's seven Danes Ordered To Shoot if Reds Attack COPENHAGEN, Denmark The Danish Air Force was alerted today against possible Soviet at- tack and ordered to join battle that should Congress persist in its refusal to authorize U. S. partici- pation in the project, Canada would build the big waterway itself on the Canadian side of the St. Law- rence River. Canada Canadian officials have indicated that construction will start next spring. The seaway, which at least six U. S presidents have supported, would link the Great Lakes to the Atlantic thereby permitting ocean- going shipping to navigate to the Midwest. The legislation also proposes the construction of a horse- power hydroelectric plant in the International Rapids section of the St. Lawrence. Engineers estimated that the annual yield would exceed 12 billion kilowatt hours. j.wu uo. uie uuwneu piane s seven [i...nhesitstinplv" if firm? imnn Kv luiuwau nours. and by the legitimate support of (crewmen were wounded in the at-L y lf flred upon by Truman in his letter to Russell American labor Lewis said any attempt to invoke the Taft-Hartley Act to stop the steel strike would be "a heinous crime against American labor, an- ti-social in its concept, and peri- lously destructive of confidence in the principles of our American re- public." Murray's union could draw on the 10 million dollar fund as needed tack but all were rescued by a jRed Planes- German freighter. The action was taken in the wake Though official comment was i of the shooting down of a Swedish not forthcoming until the text of j military plane by Soviet jet fight- the Soviet note was received from Moscow, one government authority denied every major point of the Russian contention. The plane, he said, "was a Catalina flying boat and absolutely unarmed. Thus, it could not have to finance their, strike, and could opened fire against anybody. repay it whenever they were able. hat. Meanwhile, the State Depart- ment's advisory committee on dis- armament, including such eminent scientists as Dr. Vannevar Bush and Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer, has also raised its voice. Because of the super-bomb, the committee is insisting that a bold new effort must be made to explore the pos- sibility of a disarmament agree- ment with the Soviet Union. shows that at many places prices have dropped as much as one- third from the highs reached about two weeks ago after potato price ceilings were suspended. Wholesale prices already are back at or near the old ceilings in New York, Chicago and several other cities. There is some difference of opinion on prospects for future Price cutting. While some dealers say prices now are at "a seasonal- ly normal level" and generally stabilized, there are other reports that more reductions may be ex- pected before the market levels off. Rockefeller Gives 10 Million to Art NEW YORK (0-John D. Rocke- feller Jr. has given 10 million dol- lars to the Cloisters, which houses a medieval art collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art The museum, announcing the gift yesterday, said the bequest is _ for the enrichment of the Cloisters m the broadest sense of the term and for the preservation, housing and presentation of its collection." out, and start clearing all of North Tonkin of the Vietminh? The answer is that the French first must make secure what they now have left in Northern Indo- china the vast, sprawling, rice- rich Red River delta. That's their lone bastion of defense against the tide of Communism in Southeast Asia. Men In Delta In the delta today, the French estimate there are probably Vietminh regular troops, many re- gional battalions and guerrilla units adding up to as as men. All of these must be wiped or driven out, before the French can think of venturing forth fo'r a showdown battle with the five or more Vietminh divisions outside the delta. The French are trying hard, They've killed, captured or wound- ed tens of thousands of Vietminh so far this year in a series of "mop-up" pushes, A careful, verified check of enemy casualties shows the Viet- minh have lost, -in round figures, killed, captured and wounded since last December 1. French losses have averaged one-fifth of these totals. There was not the slightest shade of doubt that the Catalina was shot idown over international waters. ers over the Baltic on Monday and reflected Danish feeling over the incident. In Copenhagen, Adm. E. J. C, Quistgaard, chairman of Den- mark's joint chiefs of staff, alerted Danish airmen to shoot back un- hesitatingly if fired on- by Soviet planes either inside or outside Danish territory. He revealed that Danish military units have had said: "If Canada constructs the water- way then no doubt some future administration will allow New York and Quebec to obtain all the power. This is one of the worst things that could happen in the northeast sec- tion of the country. U. S. Will Pay Toll "If Canada builds the waterway, and they expect to build it, we will pay toll on every ton of steel that comes from the iron deposits in Labrador." One of the main arguments by _ juj.uLai.y UJIILO HdVe I1UU u i t T The position has been definitely standing orders since March to bad5ei's Ule. seaway >s that it's established by thorough investiga- shoot back to kill, without awaiting for shipment of iron ore further orders, if Soviet ships or tion. Stockholm's morning news-1 Planes fire on any Danish unit, papers were unanimous in their Both Danes and Swedes were out- denunciation of the Soviet note. "Russia's government is the liberal Dagens Nyheter de- clared. The conservative Svenska Dag- bladet said the Russian charges "will not convince any Swedes. The lies are too obvious, the false accusations too flagrant." The Socialist Morgon Tidningen, mouthpiece of the government, said the Russian note would be rejected at once. "We have the right and duty to reject every attempt to deprive the country of an apology owed i for a brutal assault on a harmless rescue party which has not vio lated anybody's border but kep from Labrador to steel plants in the Great Lakes area. They have said these newly discovered de- posits must be tapped as those in the Messabi area near Duluth, Minn., are dwindling. The railroads, private power companies and representatives of some coastal ports have opposed the seaway. Two presidential candidates- Sen. Robert Taft, Ohio Republican, and Sen. Estes Kefauver, Tennes- see the sea- Juan Colon, outside his Brooklyn, N. Y., apartment early today after fleeing a fire which claimed seven lives. Colon holds his artificial leg and a sack containing possessions. Awaken- ed in his apartment, Colon smashed a window with, his crutch but was prevented by flames from escaping via His wife, Marie, their children, Juan Jr., 3; and Nereida, 1, and Colon were rescued by a neighbor who guided them along an outside ledge to safety. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) the international Mor gon Tidningen declared. The incident infuriated the neu- trality-loving Swedes. Thousands of jeering demonstrators, some throwing stones and fire-crackers, massed in front of the Russiar Embassy here the last two nights. Prime Minister Tage Erlander protested the shooting to the Rus- sian ambassador in strong lan- guage The government ordered its naval and air force units to keep up the search for the plane missing since Friday and to shoot back at any further Soviet attacks. A special session of the govern- ment also decided to tighten the nation's defense against air at- tacks but no details were disclosed. The Swedish Foreign Office ad- mitted, however, that a search slane had flown over Dagoe Island .ast Friday, the day the transport disappeared with eight men aboard. raged by the Soviet contention that the Swedes were at fault in the Baltic incident of last Monday. U.S. Jefs Will Convoy Acheson By DREW PEARSON WASHINGTON a result of j way as opponents "of the recom- j---- mjta] rnotion made their argu- ments. Swedish Incident Shocks Acheson WASHINGTON of State Acheson said today he was deeply shocked by what he called the indefensible action of Soviet fighter planes in shooting down a Swedish aircraft. Acheson also told a news con- ference that Red aggression has been checked in Indochina "and recent indications warrant the view :hat the tide is now moving in our the shooting down of two Swedish airplanes over the Baltic, the U.S. Air Force is planning extra pre- cautions when Secretary of State Acheson flies over trigger-happy Russian gunners into Berlin. Acheson's Berlin visit is schedul ed for the end of this month. And remembering how a French pas- senger plane was shot down by a Russian fighter six weeks ago. plus the wanton shooting down of two Swedish planes, the Air Force has urged Acheson to let a dozen American jets accompany his plane through the precarious Ber- lin air corridor. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and night and Thursday. Cooler Thurs- day. Low tonight 60, high -Thurs- to- day 82, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 62; noon, 80; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional on Page 17. .avor. Answering questions before he :eaves next weekend on a Euro- pean tour and visit to South Amer- ca, Acheson said the United States s and always has been willing to lave a Big Four ever discussions between the West- ;rn powers and Russia seem likely o help settle international prob- ems instead of impeding a settle-' ment. ;