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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 15, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight and Tuesday Have Your Paper Sent to You Daily On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 100 SIX CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 15, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES As Demonstrators Seeking Clemency for Julius and Ethel Rosenberg paraded in front of the White House in Washington Sunday, the Rosen- berg children, Robert, 6, left and Michael, 10, and Rosenberg's mother, Mrs. Sophie Rosenberg, posed quietly in front of the executive mansion. The Rosenbergs are scheduled to die in the electric chair in New York's Sing Sing Prison Thursday night for their part in an atomic spy plot. (AP Wirephoto to-The Republican-Herald) V v w Rosenbergs Denied Stay of Sentence WASHINGTON Supreme Court today refused to stay the executions of atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg. The court also refused for the fourth time to review the trial of the condemned husband and wife whose case has attracted world- wide attention. Cabin Cruiser Explosion Kills Youth, Hurts 5 BOSTON youth was pre- sumed drowned' and five men were TODAY are scheduled to die Thursday night in chair in New prison. Luncheon With the Enemy jy JOSEPH and STEW ART ALSOP is odd to find oneself seated at a table with the enemy. It is even odder to find that the enemy is a small rather nervous man, with a thin face, long honey-colored hair, a smart double-breasted gabardine suit, and a fondness for American cig- arets and whisky. This is how the enemy looked, when the first secretary of the Soviet embassy agreed to lunch with one of these reporters. "People do not like to be seen with us Mr. Fedoseev remarked as the luncheon began. "This is why I was so surprised when you telephoned me." Mr. Fe- doseev was not alone in his sur- prise. It is a Washington report- er's job to talk to diplomats. But no Soviet diplo- mat had ever before agreed to meet a "congenital as Andrei Vyshinsky once described these reporters. Yet, -across the endless gulf which stretched out across the small restaurant table, the lunch- eon was a rather genial occasion. Mr. Fedoseev volunteered an ad- miration for American literature. He had even, he remarked, taught his young daughter some American literature "Your famous poem, 'I shoot an arrow into the hair.' Learned Hiawatha Everybody in Russia, he said, learned American literature, "like your great poem, 'Hiawatha.' He had learned this masterpiece him- self, as a boy in Leningrad. The remark evoked a curious mental image of endless ranks of little Russian boys, solemnly reciting in unison "On the Shores of Git- chee Gumee." As the level steadily dropped in Mr. Fedoseev's glass of whisky and soda (which he had firmly ordered when offered a Martini) a curious dual image of the man began to appear. On the one hand, there was a human being. Like other human beings, Mr. Fedoseev was clearly fond of his only daugh- ter. Like other human beings, he was worried by such matters as the rent of his bly, terribly high." Like other hu- man Beings, he was proud of his was a note of per- fectly genuine pride in his voice when he said, "Before the revolu- tion Russia was a backward coun- try. Is not a backward country now, On the other hand, there was the (Continued on Page 1, Column 3) ALSOPS Son of Former State Senator Found Dead ST. PAUL UB-WiUiam R. No- lan, 53, son of former state Sen. William A. Nolan, Grand Meadow, was found dead Sunday from car- bon monoxide poisoning. A hose piped the fumes from the exhaust pipe into the interior of Nolan's car which was parked at the St. Paul airport. Today's refusal by the high tri- bunal apparently ended the Rosen- berg's last hope of escaping death through legal moves in federal courts. Their 'lawyer, Emmanuel H. Bloch, had said in advance that a new effort will be made to get j last minute executive clemency. President Eisenhower last Feb. 11 rejected one clemency plea. He said their death penalty was just punishment for a crime which might cost the lives of thousands of innocent citizens and added: "By their, act these two individ- uals have in fact betrayed the cause of freedom for which free men are fighting and dying at this very hour." The court announced its refusals treated a cabin fishing party of 23 men exploded and burned in Boston Harbor. The missing youth is William Parsons, 15, the only one aboard not employed by the Whittemore Cement Mix Company of Boston. He had accompanied his uncle, Leo McDonald, 45, on the Whitte- more employes' fishing outing.' Albert 28, skipper of the 36-foot vessel, said the first blast occurred when a motor spark The second, a more serious blast, came when the flames spread to the gasoline tank as the last of the survivors had swum about 20 yards from the craft. Survivors said the cruiser Made- line exploded in "a ball of flame" seconds after everyone aboard had jumped overboard. Seven Coast Guard, police and in an order which said Justices f ;re D0ats and a number of pleas Frankfurter, Burton and Jackson ure craft ccnverged on the scene Winona Man's Body Found In Mississippi Bernhard Gatz, 47, Missing Since Last January 25 The body of a Winona man miss- ing since Jan. 25 was found at 4j p. m. Sunday floating in Proudfoot j Slough four miles north of On- alaska, Wis. He was Bernhard Gatz, 47, who had lived at 205 W. Sanborn St., until his unexplained disappear- ance. La Crosse County Sheriff Ivan A. Wright said this morning Gatz' body had been in the water about ten days. The sheriff said there is little question the body of the Winona man is the same body seen floating Thursday in Spring Slough down- river from Trempealeau about three miles and some four miles above the point at which Gatz body was recovered. An unidenti- fied fisherman reported seeing the body but disappeared before La Crosse and Trempealeau county authorities could investigate. The officers conducted a fruitless search Thursday and Friday. Discovery of the body was made Sunday by Walter Kofta, La Crosse, and other members of a weekend camping party. The body was partially submerged. Sheriff Wright said this morning there was no indication of foul play. He added a post-mortem ex- amination was to be conducted this afternoon by Dr. George Reay, j La Crosse County coroner. The j coroner will determine the cause I of death. Relatives of Gatz said this morn- j ing the man lived at the boarding' home of Mrs. M. M. Polley, 205 W. Sanborn until late Janu-1 ary. They indicated anxiety over his disappearance was lessened by the fact he had said he would like to go to Alaska where a brother has lived 13 years.. Gatz was an occasional fisherman. He was em- ployed at Winona Textile Mills, 120 Walnut St., until his disappear- ance. Born Sept. 22, 1905, in Winona, Gatz is survived by 'four sisters, Margaret, Lake Boulevard; Mrs. Carl (Lillian) Haedtke, Stockton; I Mrs. Arnold (Elizabeth) Nelson, Minneapolis, and Mrs. Elsie Fris- by, Winona, and two brothers, Rob- ert, Winona, and Raymond, An- chorage, Alaska. Funeral services will be at p. m. Tuesday at the Breitlow Funeral Home, the Rev. A. W. Sauer, pastor of St. Martin's Luth- eran Church, officiating. Burial will be in Woodlawn Cemetery. Reds Two Miles Into Alii Lines felt that a hearing should have been held before the full court to- day on the request for a stay of execution. Several thousand persons parad- ed near the White House Sunday urging clemency. Included in the demonstrators were the two young sons of the Rosenbergs, Michael, 10, and Robert, 6, and Julius Ro- senberg's mother. By the time the court assembled for its session today only 25 per- sons were still keeping their vigil in front of the executive mansion. All 5 Nations Agree to Serve On POW Board WASHINGTON UPI The State Department said today that all five nations have now formally agreed to serve on the "neutral" commis- sion to administer repatriation of Korean war prisoners. Communist Poland and Czecho- slovakia notified the State Depart- ment over the weekend that they would serve. Acceptances came in earlier from Sweden, Switzerland and India. The United States issued the in- vitation as the representative of the United Nations Command. To Ask Postal Rate Increases WASHINGTON HI- Postmaster General Summerfield will ask for an increase in postal rates in an effort to wipe out a deficit facing the Postoffice De- partment. This was disclosed by Republi- can congressional leaders after their weekly conference today with President Eisenhower at the White House. 'Summerfield sat in on the meet- ing. House Speaker Martin (R-Mass) told reporters Summerfield 'hopes the rate increases, if Congress grants them, will go into effect next Oct. 1. within minutes to pick survivors out of the water. Supreme Court Decision Frees Harry Bridges WASHINGTON (M By a 4-3 the Supreme Court today lifted a five-year prison sentence from Harry Bridges, holding the government waited a year too long to indict the stormy West Coast labor leader on charges of lying when he denied Communist mem- bership. The decision also set aside the action of a California U. S. District Court in stripping U. S. citizenship from the Australian-born Bridges, leader of a left wing longshore- men's union. It does not necessarily, however, stand as a barrier against any further efforts to deport Bridges. That point could be decided in a separate case pending before the court. .The prison sentence was set aside solely on a finding that the statute of limitations had expired when a perjury-conspiracy indict- ment was returned against Bridges in 1949. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly clouffy, occasional thundershowers tonight and Tuesday. Warmer to- night, turning cooler late Tuesday. Low tonight 64, high Tuesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 90; minimum, 64; noon, 87; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 i hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 90; minimum, 66; noon, sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. 'Central. Observations) Max. Temp. 85 at p. .m. Sunday, Min. 66 at a. m. to- day Noon overcast of clouds at feet, visibility 10 miles with haze, wind 16 miles per hour from east southeast, bar- ometer 29.83 falling, humidity 66 per cent. Bandit-Killer Of Hudson Cop Shot to Death HUDSON, Wis. a Storm of bullets early Sunday stopped a bandit who had killed one officer and wounded another during his flight from a tavern holdup. St. Croix County Sheriff Walter Schrank said the gunman, Wilfred Goneau, 42, Iron River, Wis., was shot to death on a Hudson street moments after he' had killed Pa- trolman Clarence Erickson, 28, of Hudson. Schrank said Goneau robbed a tavern near Balsam Lake in Polk County at p.m. Saturday and fled with Goneau, driving south, broke through a roadblock of St. Croix County officers, wounding Officer Lee Murphy in the shoulder. He was stopped again in Hudson. When he ran from his car Erick- son and Ray Hanson, another Hud- son officer, fired at him. Goneau fired back, killing Erickson with a bullet through the chest. Goneau was shot down seconds later by Hanson and county traffic officers who had arrived. Schrank said the FBI in New York City informed him Goneau had "a habitual criminal record in New York State and was out on parole on an armed robbery charge." Rioting Inmates Hold Hostages SANTA FE, N.M. witfi meat cleavers and knives, rioting convicts at the New Mex- ico Penitentiary today seized Dep- uty Ralph Tahash and nine guards as hostages. Warden Morris Abram said the convicts, in a note addressed to him, demanded that Tahash and six prison guards be fired. Gov. Edwin L. Mechem, who ar- rived at the prison soon after Ab- ram announced the riot under way, said he was told Homer Lee Gos- sett, notorious for 'Tfoudini" es- cape attempts, was a leader the uprising. Truce Signs Mount Despite Red Attacks Allies Prepare For Prisoner Exchange Work By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN of a quick truce increased today even as Com- munist armies to the east smashed south in a stretch drive offensive. Although reasons behind the llth- hour Red attack left observers mystified, these developments pointed to an imminent armistice: 1. Word leaked out that staff offi- cers writing the last details of an armistice have struck no snags. However, they may have to consid- er the changing battle line, which might change the 2H-mile-wide truce buffer zone they are setting up. 2. Allied and Red liaison officers met in secret for 19 minutes. A spokesman said only that they met to discuss administrative details pertaining of the truce negotiations. However, they could have arranged for the next meeting of the main truce negotiation delegations, which have been in recess a week. The main delegates must approve the details written by staff officers. Ready for Exchange 3. Troops and supply trucks poured into this base camp as the Allies rushed preparations for the huge prisoner exchange to follow an armistice. 4. Lt. Gen. Maxwell D.. Taylor, U. N. field commander, warned his Eighth Army by radio that the im- pending armistice would not end the war in itself and told the sol- diers to stay ready to fight if nec- essary. He said the "possibility of 'an armistice has increased to the point that we must consider what a signing would mean The staff officers of both sides- working in two groups held lengthy sessions Sunday. One group is believed drawing the de- marcation line for the buffer zone and the other writing details for prisoner exchange. They recessed until 11 a.m. Tuesday. President Syngman Rhee called off the antitruce demonstrations which echoed for five days in South Korean streets. However, there was no indication the South Korean government has backed down on its unbending opposition to the armistice and its threats to carry on the war by itself. One thousand South Koreans met in a Seoul park Sunday for prayer and a less noisy protest against the truce. They adopted this reso- lution: "We Christians want peace more than anybody else. But we simply cannot accept .any truce which we are sure will not bring about peace at all." Just what was behind the.heavy Red blows in the apparently wan- ing hours of the three-year-old war was anyone's guess. Military men and truce observers offered these possible reasons: 1. The Chinese may want to win more ground before an armistice and push the truce line closer to the 38th prewar po- litical dividing line. 2. The Reds also may want to be able to claim a "final victory" for prestige purposes. This would allow them to claim in Asia-aimed propa- ganda they were winning when the shooting stopped. 3. The Chinese could be bent on trying to impress the South Ko- reans, who have vowed to fight on alone.- 4. Or they could be deliberately delaying an armistice for reasons of their own. In his broadcast, Taylor warned U. N. troops not to have any vi- sions of a quick trip home. "There must be no thought of going home until permanent peace and stability has been restored to he said. Reds Name Envoy To Yugoslavia BELGRADE, Yugoslavia UK- Moscow named an ambassador to Yugoslavia today'for the first time since the Cominfonn split in 1948. Belgrade agreed to return the fav- or. The Kremlin's choice for the dip- lomatic post here was Vasily Alex- cyevie Valkov, one-time Soviet am- bassador to The Netherlands. The name of the Belgrade appointee was not immediately made known. President Tito declared in a speech Sunday: "The exchange of ambassadors does not mean normalization of relations, and does not mean in- provement of relations. "Never again will we trust them (the Russians) 100 per cent" Ace Russell, New Orleans swap shop owner, couldn't get the police tow-wagon to haul off a car abandoned in front of his establishment three months ago, so he took matters into his own hands. Some ingenuity, a power block and tackle and a handy tree relieved the strain on the limited parking facilities in front of his shop. Here Russell views his handiwork after the tow-wagon crew notified him that they would be around shortly. Wire- photo) Reed Links Taxes With 1954 Voting WASHINGTON Daniel A. Reed (R-NY) predicted today that if taxes are not cut this year, the Democrats wilL win .back con- trol of'Congress in 1954. Taking direct issue with President Eisenhower, Reed said a 'promise to cut taxes one of the main pledges made during the campaign" by GOP members of Congress "and the President too." Eisenhower has said he never promised to reduce taxes right away. "You'd be surprised the way the people resent the failure to keep that Reed said in a copy- righted interview published today by the magazine U. S. News and World Report. "If the people don't get this tax reduction now, you will have a Democratic Congress next time." Reed, in a position as of the House Ways and- Mesns Committee to influence taxes more than any other man in Congress, has been balking at two major provisions of Eisenhower's tax pro- gram: 1. A request that the excess profits tax on business, due to ex- pire at the end of this month, be extended for.six months to bring in an estimated 800 million dol- lars toward balancing the budget. Reed wants the tax to expire on schedule. 2. A request that a '10 per cent cut in individual income taxes be permitted to take effect next Jan.. 1, as scheduled under present law. Reed wants to advance it to July 1. House Speaker Joseph W. Mar- tin (R-Mass) said over the week- end he knows a majority of the 15 Republicans on Reed's commit- tee "are ready to bring to the House floor" an extension of the excess profits tax. But Reed said that "except for possibly three members" the Republicans on his group want the tax to expire. He iook issue also with Martin's prediction that if the extension gets to the House floor, it will be approved, although Reed said that "would all depend upon whether it were a good political move at the time." There has been no indication that Reed will call his committee to- gether to act on the excess profits tax extension. House GOP leaders concede that unless he does so, there'may be no way to get the bill to the floor. U.S. Action Sought On Canadian Wheat WASHINGTON senators today were ernment action to end reported fraud and abuses in the import of large amounts of Canadian wheat. A special Senate Agriculture Committee- report said yesterday more than 60 million bushels of damaged Canadian wheat imported during the last three cially classed as "unfit for human been milled for human use. 2 South Korean Divisions Take Severe Beating U. S. Airmen Drop Pounds Of Bombs on Front By GEORGE A. MCARTHUR SEOUL W) Thirty thousand Communists ripped into Allied lines today, breaking through _ as deep as two miles in the mightiest Red offensive in two years. Two South Korean divisions on the East-Central Front buckled un- der an assault by two fresh Chi- nese sol- diers. A few miles; to the west, another Reds pierced Allied lines in several places before ttiey were halted in bloody trench fighting by infantrymen of the U. S. 3rd and South Korean 9th Divisions. U. S. airmen flying shuttle mis- sions dumped more than pounds of bombs on the flaming 40-mile front. Smoke of battle could be seen for 60 miles. Biggest Drive It was the greatest Red drive since the 1951 spring offensive, and apparently intended to gain the Communists as much ground as possible before the impending ar- mistice. Fighting raged throughout the day and last reports described it as in full_ blast and undecided. The Communists engulfed Capi- tol Hill and Outpost Texas, south of Kumsong, and had the South Ko- rean 5th and 8th Divisions reelinf south toward, the Pukhan River. Fragmentary dispatches from the front painted a bloody of reckless Chinese pouring over a peak which dominates the area held by the two ROK divi- sions. Some Allied officers considered the offensive a Communist move to punish the South Koreans, whose .government has threatened to drive to the Manchurian border if a truce is signed. There was a possibility, too, that the Reds want- ed one final victory before an ar- mistice for prestige purposes. The nearby Pukban River and the great Hwachon Reservoir, 25 miles south of the main battle area, presumably would block any siza- ble Red advance. Lt. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, Eighth Army commander, went to the front for a first-hand inspec- tion, after warning his troops in Sunday broadcast that the impend- armistice would not in itself 1 mean an end to the war. He urged them to. be ready to fight at any time if the Reds break the armi- stice terms. South Korean troops launched a counterattack at the eastern end of the main Communist push and forced the Reds off an outpost known as Anchor Hill. Fierce fight- ing raged on nearby heights. ROKs also smashed a Chinese as- sault on Christmas Hill, farther east. To the west of the two embattled ROK divisions, fighting slackened after infantrymen of the U. S. 3rd and South Korean 9th Divisions cut up an attacking force of near the Iron Triangle and Outpost Harry. The Chinese made lighter thrusts elsewhere, mostly on the East-Central Front. The Quads Of Minn., vacationing with their parents, Mr. and Mrs. Ar- Monica, Marie, Michael and Martha, left to right, thur Seifert, at Gull Lake near Braiherd. (AP manipulated cane poles first fishing Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) venture. AU-took to the sport.seriously. They wre ;