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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 14, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Continued Humid; Thundershowers Baseball Thursday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 100 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE U, 1950 TWENTY-TWO PAGES Woman Guilty in Liquor Poisoning -----------------MIT Viftla Raulo "Bill" Sunde, New York newspaper executive, at work at the editor's desk of The Republican-Herald. Republican-Herald photo Sunde 'Rejoins' Staff Saw Berlin's Reds In Monstrous Flop ('Editor's Note: The following story was written for The Repub- lican-Herald today 'by Tenold P. (Bill) Sunde, a. member ol the staff of this newspaper 2S years ago. Mr. Sunde is now a news depart- ment executive with the New York Daily News, largest daily news- paper in the United States. His home formerly was at Peterson, Minn. Mrs. Sunde, vacationing in Winona with him, is the former Miss Lolita Seemann of this city.) This li my first job for The Republican-Herald in 28 years. I re- turned to Wlnona for a brief vacation after spending three somewhat feverish weeks in Berlin, Germany, where I represented the New York Daily News the paper which has been bleeding me for a quarter ol a century come next fall. Said Gordon Closway, this paper's editor: "Sit down and write something about Berlin. The Rspublican- Herald doesn't have a reporter there right now and besides you have lota of f in and around Wl- 'nona who'd like to have a personal TODAY- Achilles Heel of Stalin 87 Joseph Alsop' Washington After a long ex- pedition of inquiry abroad, this re- porter is convinced that three fac- tors are powerfully working to pre- vent a third world war from break- Ing out now or in the near future. The first factor is the incom- pleteness of the Kremlin's war pre- parations. The second is the .con- tinuing vulnerability of the soviet vital centers to the West's superior, weight of atomic weapons. These As General Maxwell p. Taylor, are the temporary obstacles war, which will be largely or whol- ly removed when Soviet rearma- ment reaches its climax in 1953-'54. The enduring obstacle, which note from you." So I sat down. I flew to Germany a staff photographer for the News on May 17 to cover the Communists' threatened "storming of Berlin" on the May 28 Whitsuntide holiday, The as originally ad- vertised last January was to con- sist of sending East Ger- man (Communist) Frele Deutscher Jugend German into the city's western sectors held by the United States, United King- dom and France. Plan of Terror The plan was to so terrorize West Berlin's citizens that they would beg the Western Allies to leave them, in "peace" with the Russian-dominated Eastern zone of Germany. Berlin, it must be remembered, lies 125 miles behind the Iron Curtain, and the Western occu- pation of half of it causes the Kremlin no little pain. House-Approved Rent Bill Goes Back to Senate Threat of New Filibuster May Delay Final 0. K. By William F. Arbogast Washington Iff) House pas- sage of a rent control bill bounc- ed it back to the Senate today the threat of a new fili- buster there. Changes which were voted late yesterday by the House as it passed the bill 202 to 163 make it necessary for the Senate to take another look, and Senator Cain who led a fili- buster last week before the Sen- ate passed the bill, indicated that he wants a good, long look. He might want to start another filibuster which conceivably could prolong final action beyond June 30, when the present rent control act expires. Cain told newsmen he is "study- ing the possibility of fighting the The house-voted changes are rel- atively minor. The Senate voted for a one-year extension of the federal control program, with the last six months of control affecting only those com- munities that request continuance from next January 31 to June 30. The House decided to make the general extension until next Janu- ary 31 seven months with communities having the option of keeping controls for an additional five months instead of six. Another change made by the house would give the unincorporat- ed areas of counties the right to remove controls after a public hearing. That option already be- ongs to states and Incorporated communities. The reasoning behind the house decision to extend the controls gen- erally until January 31 was that state legislatures, many of them meeting in January, would have a chance to enact local laws before'through the rainy, roadless jungle, the federal statute expires. And Jin the wild lion and leopard U.S. Commandant of Berlin explains it: "Berlin is invaluable to us as a always prevent war West is reasonably strong, if the is sim- ply an inner weakness of the So- viet system. Perhaps the best way to present the facts about this weakness is simply to describe the occasion, last March, on which this reporter glimpsed Stalin's Achilles heel, through the eyes of another man. THE PLACE WAS THE HOUSE of an American in one of the less dreadful German cities. The speak- er was an intelligent, civilized, youngish German of Junker stock, who had served successively in the pre-war German embassy in Mos- cow; as a fighting soldier on the Russian front; and as a member of the inner group of the German general staff. His talk had a tincture of cos- mic comedy, because he was so much possessed by two conflicting rapes. He was enraged because Hitler had not been murdered, al- though he personally had been in- volved in a whole series of assas- sination plots, including the great plot of war, because Hitler in his folly had refused to use the Rus- sians to beat the Russians. Of all Hitler's war-time errors, it is now almost certain that his- tory will choose this as the great- est. The plain, documented truth is that at the beginning of the Ger- man invasion of the Soviet Union, the vast slave population at the base of the Russian system showed every sign of active disloyalty and incipient revolt. Yet Hitler threw away this incalculable advantage, in order to Indulge his own now and then listening post and a show window in the heart of Eastern Europe. As a listening post it enables us to know at all times what the Com- munists are doing. As a show win- dow it gives thousands of Eastern Europeans each week indisputable proof of what western democracy is accomplishing which the Russian version cannot." Sober Thought Well, the Russians gave this idea some sober thought after an- nouncing their Whitsuntide plan It occurred to some of the Commie leaders that it might not be the better part of wisdom to turn half a million Red-policed youngsters into the comparative lustiness and luxury of West Berlin. Also they were firmly warned that any sort of organized demonstration carried into the west sectors would be dealt with forcibly. So the propaganda buildup for Whitsuntide underwent a not so subtle change. youth rally was to be confined to the Communist sec- tor of the city and to make cer- tain that it was, the East Ger- man "People's Police" set up barricades at the border and guarded every subway station by which the boys and girls from the hinterlands might "escape" into what now became the for- bidden western sectors. The four days of demonstration, climaxed by a seven-hour parade on Sunday, May 28, came off as a mon- strous flop. The "Free German Youth" loitered listlessly and wist- fully at the border barricades. They grabbed eagerly at the chocolates Transportation Tax Dodge Has Its Disadvantage Washington Sure, you can dodge U. S. transporta- tion taxes by buying passenger tickets and paying freight bills In Canada. But there's a catch: You've got to go to Canada to do it. Payment through banks, mail or telegraph doesn't count. The legal loophole to doge the three per cent freight tax and the 15 per cent on pas- senger travel became widely known "yesterday. From Seattle, Wash., where the idea is catching on, came estimates that U. S. shippers such as the big railroads would save millions of dollars. Officials of the Bureau of Internal Revenue confirmed that the plan is legal, but doubted the savings would run so high. They figure that per- sonal payment requirement will hold things down. The loophole is in the word- ing of the tax act, which ap- plies to .the "amount paid with- in the United States." What Congress will do to end the payments-through-Canada is uncertain. Senator Bagnuson (D.-Wash.) had one way all figured out. Kill the tax, he suggested. Six Americans Survive Plane Crash in Jungle Addif Ababa, Six Americans, including one woman and a child, escaped death Sunday when their plane crashed in the steaming lion-infested jungle near weak radio signals for help. Names of the passengers are un- known but a radio message from the downed plane yesterday said that all were alive. Rescue parties in high-powered cars are fighting their way slowly U. S. Business Outlook Good, CED Reports Real Income of Average Worker May Be Doubled By Sterling F. Green Washington The Commit- tee for Economic Development said today that prospects are good for a doubling of the real income, or buying power, of the average American workers in the next 30 years. To do so, the businessmen's planning organization said, ways must be found to keep production per man-hour rising at the same average rate as in the past half-! century. The CED offered a formula for boosting real wages to an hour in 1980, in terms of 1949 prices, as against the average worker's today and the aver- age of 43 cents 50 years ago. Stabilizing industrial growth to avoid blighting recessions, increas- ing imports, and reforming the tax system to encourage risk-taking investment 'were among the rec- ommended measures. 'Success in raising real wages is in the main a matter of increas- ing output her said the statement prepared by CED's re- search and policy committee and issued by the CED chairman, Ma- rion B. Folsom, treasurer and di- rector of the Eastman Kodak Company. Steady Work Needed "It is also matter of keeping people steadily at work." The three-fold increase in the buying power of the average a gain in productivity of two and one-half per cent a year. The out- put per man hour has risen from 50.5 cents to In dol- lars of 1949 buying power, the Congress would have a month in 1951 in which to take another'look at the rental housing picture. Both the Senate and the House bills affect an estimated rented dwellings, or about half those that were under controls in 1946. Recent changes in the origin- al law provided for gradual decon- trol. House Republicans, like Cam, ar- gued that there no longer is any need for controls. They tried to kill the bill by sending it back to committee but lost by a vote of 226 to 143. try to try to. reach them. Captain Donald C. Colins of Los Angeles, Ethiopian airlines pilot, has drop- ped medicine and food at a spot where he believes he sighted plane wreckage. The plane was piloted by K. L. Horton who managed to get the radio working after the crash. The plane was a single-engined Norseman type chartered by the Rogers Ray Company, an American firm wb-ch transports supplies and personnel to the camp of the Sin- clair Petroleum Company in dis- tant Ogaden desert. advances will not be e have many important scientific discov- eries, good management in indus- try, and wise public policies." The committee suggested these as "particularly promising meth- ods of achieving the desired long- range gain in productivity: 1. "Stabilize the growth of in- dustry and avoid serious business recessions." 2. "Reduce seasonal unemploy- ment." 3. "Improve the quality of busi- ness births and reduce the infant mortality among business con- cerns." 4. "Reform the tax system to make risk-taking more attractive. 5. "Stimulate more rapid re- placement of equipment." 6. "Increase the imports of the United States relative to its ex- ports." 7. "Provide more employment opportunities for older people." 8. "Improve the incentives for efficiency among the rank and file of employes." 9. "Develop regular methods of drawing upon the knowledge and training of the labor force." 10. "Abolish make-work rules Comforted By Her Husband, Mrs. Truman Gavle sobs at Albert Lea after a jury convicted her today of first degree murder in the poison whisky death of Oscar Rasmusson, a neighboring farmer. The state accused the 33-year-old mother of four of putting strych- nine in whisky, intending that her husband should drink it. Ras- musson drank it instead. Gavle stayed by his wife's side during the trial. A life sentence is mandatory in Minnesota upon conviction for first degree murder. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Russ 'Bludgeoning' Weaker Nations, Acheson Charges J Mrs. Gavle was convicted of Dallas, of State Acheson last night the death of Oscar Rus- sia of holding a "poised' bludgeon" over weaker nations. musson, 47, a neighboring Em- HP declared the Russians are using Communist plotting in otner farmer, hv nuttincr strvch- Mrs. Viola Gavle Convicted by Albert Lea Jury Mother of Four Will Be Given Life Term By Judge Albert Lea, Minn. Mrs. Viola Gavle, mother of four, to- day was convicted -of murdering a neighboring farmer with poison- ed whisky which the state claims was intended for the woman's hus- band. Judge Martin A. Nelson ordered the 33-year-old Emmons farm wife into court at p.m. Friday for sentencing. A life sentence is man- datory under Minnesota law upon conviction for first degree mur- der. Elmer R. Peterson, counsel for Mrs. Gavle, indicated he would ask for a new trial and if that was denied an appeal to the state su- preme court would be made. The% jury of ten men and two women reached the verdict at a.m. 16 hours and 17 minutes after they received ths first degree murder case. Accused with Mrs. Gavle of plot- ting her husband's death is Law- rence Nobles, 43-year-old Twin Lakes farm hand and admitted Il- licit lover of the woman. Selection lot a jury to hear first degree mur- ider charges against him was .scheduled to begin at 1 a.m. to- day. The state charged the two with planning to slay Gavle, col- lect his insurance and be married. Dramatic Scene Mrs. Gavle was sentenced by Judge Nelson Sn a dramatic court- room scene at a.m. "Oh sobbed the defend- ant as she collapsed Into the of her husband, Truman Gavle. Half sobbing, half screaming, she said to the jurors: "I repented iriy sins, I told you the truth." The jury returned its verdict with a recommendation for lenien- cy. But Judge Nelson pointed out this was impossible under Minne- sota law which a life term mandatory upon first degree mur- der convictions. whims. TO BE BRIEF, when the Ger. man invasion began, the Nazi di- visions were greeted with bread and salt the traditional symbols of almost every Rus- sian village along the whole front. Among the organized Russian forces, mass surrenders were then common. Most remarkable of all, both the surrendering Russian sol- diers and the men of the villages and towns being over-run actually volunteered in great numbers to (Continued on Page 19, Column 5) ALSO? were flung to them by western Ber- liners. But West Berlin generally ignored the whole show and the parading itself drew only scattered and indifferent interest from the adults of the Eastern sector. Color Changes They had seen it before. The shirts are blue now instead of the of Hitler's day and the shout is instead of The adult German generally has had his bellyful of that sort of thing for a while at least, but to see it Being (Continued on Page 19, Column 5) BERLIN Peace Possible Through Strong Grads of the Air Force Thomas K. Finletter told a graduating class today it can hope for a world without war only if America pursues a policy of peace through power. Finletter spoke at commencement exercises of the University of Pennsylvania. For prevention of war, he said in his prepared speech, we need a force so strong, so capable of violent counter attack, as to deter any and feather bedding, nation bent on breaking peace. And for the immediate future, he sees a need for continuing to increase the fighting strength of the United States and her allies, because "the curve of military power is rising everywhere." The air secretary didn't point to any new turns ahead in the road of foreign and military policy. Mainly, he tried to give young peo- ple just getting out of college an understanding of why we are arm- ing when, we want peace. He said: "Already this conflict of the need to prepare for war when in fact we want peace is con- fusing some of our citizens. The power of a modern military estab- lishment is appalling; and to give jus further pause, the role of de- jfense now consists in major part of counter attack." Finletter didn't speak of defi- nite numbers of guns and planes and A-bombs. He didn't speak of Russia by name. But he talked of "our enemies" as straight out ene- mies, not probable or possible ones. Yet he said he has faith for the future, because there is "one great thing on our side the wish of the ordinary maa everywhere for peace." "No government, however dicta- torial its he said, can for- ever block the will of the people in their urge to stop the evil of war. The goal is there before us. It is a goal that can be reached." But for the time being, Finlet- ter said, these three principles should guide America's military policies: 1. A peacetime force in being, so composed, trained and ready for action, it will serve as a de- terrent to. aggression. 2. The Army, Navy and Force operating as a team.' 3, planning ahead. Air Russia OI noicang a. yuiseu uiuugcv" uvti He declared the Russians are using Communist plotting in other countries and their military preparations to break down the resistance of non-Soviet nations. He added: "I do not believe this creates an immediate danger of war, but it is jbeing used as a poised bludgeon to 1 intimidate the weak, and it does iconfront the world with the possi- bility that the Soviet leaders, when- iever they feel that they are strong enough, may be tempted to make use of military force as an instru- ment of their policy." How to meet the challenge of Soviet pressure? "Well, there are several ways we could go about meeting these he said. Opposes Appeasement "One way would be to pull down the blinds and sit in the parlor with a loaded shotgun, waiting. I think, however, that most of us have learned that isolationism is not a realistic course of action. It does not work and it Is not cheap.--------_, "The policy of appeasement of I report that he would leave. The Soviet ambitions, which might con-jcouncil voted to up his annual sal ceivably be another course of {rom S12 ooo to bu. tion open to us would encourage i Howel, gaid be not accep. Soviet, aggression. It would. Jeao the Thfi council then said the Madison City Manager Taking Des Moines Job Madison, Wis. Madison's city manager, Leonard G. Howell, is set to resign as soon as he re- ceives a written offer for a stall- M0en Qrug svore on uuluucl lar position at Des Moines, Iowa, 2, 1949. The two made the trip to Howell, 56, so informed a spe- cial session of the city council Tuesday night as he confirmed a our military position would have been seriously weakened "There is a third course of action which might be considered in ear- lier times and by another type of government and people than ours. That is, we should drop some atomic bombs on the Soviet Union. This course is sometimes called he requested it. The Madison Capital Times had reported earlier Tuesday that Howeil would receive a year at Des Moines. In refusing the salary increase, Howell explained he felt the same now as he did when the came here in September, 1947, after resign- JliCLlJllcS'U i f isuc phrase of "pre-1 ing the managership of Port Hur- All responsible men on, Mich. The Port Huron city 'that such a course is! council voted to raise his salary to to equal Madison's offer, Soldiers Stand At Attention as "Old Glory" is raised at the Oak- land, Calif, Army Air Base this morning to observe Flag day. This "garrison a banner 38 feet by 20 feet, is the largest authorized by the U. S. Army and is flown only on special holidays. Army regulations specify days on which it is flown. It takes some eight men to hang the huge flag.. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) unthinkable for us. Co-operation Urged there is a fourth way of dealing with these prob- lems, and that is to work on them in co-operation with other nations, and by means of peaceful negotia- tion to resolve our differences. This has been and is our policy." More than persons heard Acheson. The auditorim at South- ern Methodist university was pack- ed. The civic federation of Dallas and the community course of SMtr sponsored the address. Sen- ator Tom Connally of Texas, for- eign relations committee chair- man, made a 27-minute speech in introducing long for many in the audience in the warm auditorium. They clapped until he Uat down. Conally had been given the as- 'signment of killing time. When he was called to the platform he was told he must speak until radio and television broadcasts were sched- uled to begin. So the senator had to add extemporaneously to his prepared talk. Flew From Washington Acheson flew here from Wash- ington yesterday and returns by plane today. In his party were Senator Connally; Mrs. Acheson, Mrs. Assistant Secretary of State George McGee and Mrs. Frank Wilson of Dallas. ...____, _ neighboring mons farmer, by putting strych- nine into a bottle of whisky. Ras- musson died after Gavle unwitting- ly offered him a. drink from the poisoned bottle, which was In the Gavle auto. Mrs. Gavle's trail started May 22 after a week spent in selecting the jury of ten men and two women. Mrs. Gavle denied from the stand that she intended to kill anyone by putting the poison in her husband's whisky. Instead, she said, she wanted to cure her hus- band of his heavy drinking. Nobles State Witness Nobles, farm hand once employed by Gavle, testified as a state witness. He said Mrs. Gavle gave him the money with which to purchase the poison at an Albert Lea drug store on October 2, 1949. The two made the trip to Albert Lea, he said, and on the way home discussed methods of i using it. He said he met Mrs. Gavle while he was employed on the Gavle farm and admitted intimacies with to 000 but her over a two-year period. Mrs. Gavle also admitted the intima- cies, adding that "I'm not proud of it." Nobles said their association, so far as he was concerned, ended in March of this year. Admitted into evidence was a statement signed by Mrs. Gavle at the time she was taken into cus- tody. In the statement, she admit- ted' putting the poisoned whsiky under the front seat of her hus- band's car. Mrs. Gavle cried on her husband's shoulder as the statement was read in court. In the statement, Mrs. Gavle said poisoning Gavle was Nobles' idea so they could marry. Truman Gavle was in the court- room at his wife's side. Put on the stand, he blamed his drinking for bis wife's troubles. Insurance Plot Charged In his testimony, Nobes said Mrs. Gavel plotted her husband's death to get his insurance. Mrs, Gavle denied this. i Before Mrs. Gavle's trial start- led, Freeborn county officials said they would put Nobles on trial up- on completion of the current trial. but the vote was not unanimous and, said Howell, he felt he would be impairing the effectiveness of the council if he remained. Huge Cloud Seen In Pacific Area j on completion 01 me current uini. vast cloud or NoW is cnarged with first nlaTlKPtPn 1 i .______ij______111- mysterious origin blanketed 000 square miles of the Pacific. U.S. Weather Bureau Meteorologist R. H. Simpson said yesterday it might last a day or week. At Wake Island miles west of Hawaii, the cloud rose to feet. At Hawaii, near the eastern Imit, it had a ceiling. What caused it? Mayfce wind- blown desert sands, said Simpson. Or an explosive 'eruption down around New Guinea. atomic explosion. "A concentration of ions in the air could result in such a condi- 'Simpson explained. Ions are electrified particles jarred loose when an atom is split. The Eni.wetok proving grounds, where new atomic tests are expect- McGee and Representative J. ed this summer, lie about 600 miles southwest of Wake. degree murder in connection with Rasmusson's death. Gavle said he had to let Nobles go "because he couldn't even steer a tractor straight." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Mostly cloudy and humid tonight and Thursday with occasional local thunderstorms. Low tonight 66, high Thursday 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; ipfrijnui.m, 64; noon, 80; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 19. ;