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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 11, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight and Thursday SEND YOUR LETTERS BY AIRMAIL VOLUME 52, NO. 98 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE II, 1952 TWENTY.TWO PACES Wreckage Of A 'Gruman Guardian' Af-1 Navy plane is scat- tered along the tracks iifter it crashed into Virginian Railway coal train at Norfolk, Va., Tuesday night when it failed to clear the Naval Air Station fence. It burst into flames immediately. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) OnlyT-H Act Left Disouie Sen. Taft Tightens Hold On Convention Machinery By JACK BELL I to fill other major convention posts, CHICAGO l.f) Sen. Robert A. j was dictated down the line by the MacArthur, who has publicly backed Taft and has criticized Ei- senhower indirectly, emphasized the no-compromise mood of the Taft has tightened control over j Ohioan's camp. Republican convention machinery I The action served notice on sup- with the apparent intention of j porters of Gen. Dwight D. Eisen-1 Ohioan's backers. fighting vigorously for the seating j hower, Taft's chief rival for the] MacArthur accepted quickly in a of Southern delegates favorable to GOP presidential nomination, that j telegram to National Chairman there will be no quarter in the I Guy G. Gabrielson, expressing sur- him. The top arrangement commit- (battle over disputed southern votes that he had been picked for tee's choice yesterday of Gen. j which may go a long way toward the job. Douglas MacArthur as keynoter, determining the winner, and the selection of Taft backers The keynoter assignment for Fine Still Playing Hard to Pin Down By CHARLES WELSH HARRISBURG, Pa. Gov. John S. Fine who, many Republican leaders say, may be the single most important dele- gate to the GOP national convention, is today uncommitted, unde- cided and unimpressed. He is uncommitted as to how he will vote at Chicago next month. Fine says so, and not even his most intimate friends or political associates profess to know where the governor stands. But Fine is confident that a big majority of 3 ft I _ I Slug, Steal Way Out of MinotJail MINOT, N. D. Three men described as unarmed but danger- candidate. When he does, he says, it will be "on issues and not on candidates." He believes that the most important question before the nation is the "tremendous cms broke out of the Ward County expenditures" of the federal gov- jail here early today by slugging j eminent. "I am fully conscious of the high honor and distinction involved but equally aware of its deep obliga- Ike Carries Delegate Drive To New Jersey Four Supporting Taft, Others Not Committed Stafford King To Enter Race For Governor ST. PAUL Auditor Staf- NEW YORK non-commit- tal John Foster Dulles and some doubtful New Jersey delegates were added to the list of persons whom Gen, Dwight D. Eisenhower will try to win over today in his campaign for the Republican pres- idential nomination. Eisenhower headquarters also announced the general would meet! this morning with one of his top I ox. i-Aui, Auditor btai- advisers, Paul Hoffman, ford King told the Associated Press former economic co-operation ad- today he would file this afternoon mmlstrator- for the Republican for Originally Eisenhower had only governor. I afternoon dates with Maryland and Beyond admitting he would file, King refused to issue any state- ment on his candidacy. Gov. Anderson will be King's chief opponent in the primary. Gov. Anderson has not officially MacArthur told Gabrielson. j announced he would file, but it is "I frankly have grave ioubts of my ability to fulfill its demands. "However, in view of my selec- tion, I accept with a real sense of grateful appreciation." Although there had been some question about the legality of the five-star general's addressing a party convention because of Army regulations, the Pentagon said it would raise no issue on this point. Friends said MacArthur would speak in civilian clothes. Party Rallying Speech While MacArthur is expected to make a party-rallying speech with- out reference to any particular candidate, some other" convention officers selected by the as se the presidential candidate is nomi- maKe utal rulings' nated. One of these is Walter Hallanan He also is undecided as to when of West Virginia, a Taft supporter he will make up his mind on that! chosen as temporary chairman known that he plans to enter the race within, the next week or two. King unsuccessfully opposed former Gov. Luther W. Young- dahl in the 1948 primary. King can make the race without jeopardizing his present status as state auditor. His four-year term expires in two years, so he can go into the race, without giving up his present post. New York delegates to the GOP convention in Chicago next month. But now the general also has taken on a full morning schedule of conferences .starting with Hoff- man. Then comes the group from New Jersey followed by Dulles, Some for Taft Twelve New Jersey Republicans, including seven convention dele- gates, have been invited to see Ei- senhower today. Of the seven dele- gates, four are either supporting Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio or have not publicly admitted pref- erences. All the GOP delegates from New Vicfor A. Johnsfon, Washington, D. C., found a ready cheering section in his 4 grandsons when he stopped in Minneapolis Tues- day on his job as field agent for the national Taft for President organization. Wearing the supersize campaign buttons are, left to right, Todd, 6 months; Brad, 2; Lucky, 5, and Scotty, 4, all sons of Mr. and Mrs. Lucky Somers of Minneapolis. Johnston visited his daughter's family en route East from the South Dakota pri- mary campaign. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Prisoners Killed 14 Fellow POWs, Claim By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN KOJE ISLAND, Korea prisoners of war in futile." Truman May Be Forced to Use Law He Despises Congress Refuses To Give Him New Seizure Powers By G. MILTON KELLY WASHINGTON govern- ment officials said today President Truman probably will turn now to the Taft-Hartley law, which he loathes, in an effort to get the steel mills back into production. The Senate, unmoved by Tru- man's personal appeal for special seizure powers, held firmly against any alternative other than Taft-Hartley. "The issue for peace or war aangs in the balance and steel is vital element in the Truman told a hastily-arranged joint meeting of Senate and House yesterday after the sudden col- apse of industry-union negotia- tions. After hearing him, irate Repub- lican and southern Democratic senators joined forces to write into he anti-inflation Defense Produc- ion Act an official "request" that human invoke at once the labor relations law he had just de- nounced as "unfair, harmful and Five bodies were found in The first dav for filing for nomin- Jersey have dates here tomorrow j ation in the Sept S primary elec IWlth b.oth Eisenhower and Taft. The trenches and another in an aban- tion saw a batch of candidates I Associated Press tabulation of New doned well, seeking various offices Filings Jersev delegates gives Eisenhower One victim s hands were tied Compound 77 murdered at least 14 fellow POWs, then meekly sur- rendered to United Nations troops today for dispersal to smaller stockades. Eight bodies still oozing blood were found in a well by American paratroopers. close July 21. E. W. "Wally" Lund, Duluth, and Elling A. Knutson, St. Paul, Repub- j 31, Taft six, and Harold E. Stassen the jailer and stealing his car. "Security and peace depend on The escapees were identified by the solvency of this the Sheriff C. J. Westlake as Harlan {governor says. 'C. Welcome, 22, address unknown; Thomas Johnson, 32, Manitoba, And the husky, balding former judge is unimpressed by all the Canada, and Ollie Suttle, 22, Ho-1 furor swirling around him. Fine's bart, Okla. vote, as a delegate-at-large, is im- when that post was divorced from the keynoter's job in order not to burden MacArthur with gavel pounding chores. Hallanan already has made it plain he intends to enforce the 1948 convention rules until the time this year's convention is permanently organized and he turns the gavel over to Rep. Joseph Martin of Massachusetts, named permanent chairman. Martin is a rooter for MacArthur as a possible presidential candidate -------0------------------CJ-I----... U I..V. A bherm Westlake said the three iportant; much more so is his in-1 although the general has said he were confined in the same cell atjfluence with other Pennsylvania I isn't running the time of their escape. Their delegates. I Sen Eugene Mfflikin of Colorado means of getting out of the cell! These factors in the situation a Taft delegate was named to' was still undetermined this morn-j were made apparent in an inter-1 head the conventionTlatform draft ing because there were no signs of j view with the Associated Press, in I sawed bars or other tampering: which the envpi-nnr Hispiissorl his t. with the cell door. According to Westlake the men the governor discussed his views on the campaign issues. He declined to comment on the record slugged and tied the jailer, Jay j concerning candidates or the dele- Hornberger and took S127 from j gates' position, and would not dis- him. They also found on him a key close any new details of his talk to a safe which yielded an addi- last Sunday with Dwight D. Eisen- tional and the key to Hornber- j hower, or previous conversations ger's car in which they fled. I with Sen. Robert A. Taft and Gen. Hornberger managed to reach a Douglas MacArthur. phone when he came'to and called The Pennsylvania delegation's 70 the sheriff. Hornberger was then votes are officially and actually taken to a hospital where the ser-! uninstructed and uncommitted al- iousness of his condition remains! though many members have ex- unknown. !pressed personal preferences. slept in a room in the jail and it was in that room I that the three men slugged him. j Welcome was being held for fed- i eral authorities. He had earlier been taken in Williston for trans- porting a stolen car across state lines. Suttle was being held for mjli-j tary authorities in an unknown Cal- j ifornia camp from which he was i AWOL. Johnson, the Canadian, had been I involved in a luggage theft shortly' after entering the United States and had just been released from the state penitentiary in Bismarck last month after serving a sentence on that charge. He was being held Eisenhower's backers have said they will carry to the convention floor a fight to seat a pro-Eisen- hower delegation from Texas. Al- though Taft himself proposed a compromise recently, he evidently now is ready to fight to the finish for the seating of a pro-Taft dele- Jersey votes. A said nine spokesman for Eisenhower last night that the general and Dulles, who resigned as a State Department aide after drawing up the Japanese peace treaty, prob- ably would resume a foreign af- fairs talk they started several weeks ago in Paris. Dulles has not publicly support- ed any of the GOP presidential as- behind his back. Others had been beaten and ropes were taut around the necks. Twenty anti-Red prisoners scaled barbed wire fences during the night. They said Red leaders had planned to kill them. To Smaller Camps This is the third such group to be dispersed to 500-man group to be dispersed to 500-rnan compounds in Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boatner's campaign for uncon- pirants but he is a close associate I tested control over the POWs. of New York's Gov. Thomas E. Stafford King lican of the State Railroad and Warehouse Commission, both filed. Dewey, an Eisenhower backer. With Maryland The stakes in this afternoon's huddles are 24 delegate votes from Maryland and possibly 17 from New York State. At least 13 votes after the first i ballot are claimed by Maryland Taft backers. In New York State, Eisenhower followers insist they will get 95 of 96 votes; the Taft camp counters that the senator will get at least 17. The AP tabulation gives 79 for Oscar L. Lund, former Minnea-1 Eisenhower, seven for Taft, and polis alderman, filed for Railroad! 10 doubtful, and Warehouse Commissioner, against Knutson for the four-year term, on the Republican ticket. Two candidates endorsed by the The Reds in Compound first to be sav- agely for 2Vi hours yesterday be- fore being subdued by 750 tough paratroopers from the 187th Air- borne Combat Team. Thirty-one Reds were killed in the fight. The Army said seven wounded POWs had died since, boosting the death toll to 38. A newsurvey showed about 150 pris- oners were wounded. One American bled to death after i from woods nearby? Milaca County Woman Slain MILACA, Minn. 41-year- old woman was shot to death yes- terday with a deer rifle and her husband of three years has con- fessed he killed her because of family troubles, Milaca County au- thorities said today. Dead is Mrs. All. T. (Katherine) Grasberg, who lived in East Side township, three miles north of Isle. John S. Nyquist Jr., county at- torney, said Grasberg, 40, admitted the slaying. Nyquist said Mrs. Grasberg was shot as she rested on a davenport in their home about 4 p. m. He said Grasberg went out to the high- way passing their home and a passerby to call Sheriff Bruce Mil- ton. When Sheriff Milton arrived, Grasberg was gone, but a short while later came up to the house During meetings yesterday's round ol with state delegations, 'Containment' Basis of Policy On Reds, Claim WASHINGTON (M-Rep. Kersten (R-Milwaukee) said yesterday the administration's foreign policy is based on "containment" of the Communists while it should pursue a policy of "liberation." He told the House that the ad- ministration has declined to use 100 million dollars written into the Mutual Security Act to weld anti- Communist elements together. Kersten was the sponsor of the amendment. It provides the 100 change in temperature. Low to-1 million dollars could be used to aid for deportation at Minot. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Partly cloudy, occasional thundershowers tonight and Thursday. Little night 62, high Thursday 85. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 81; minimum, 59; "noon, 71; precipitation, .46; sun sets tonight at 7; 50; sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 19. refugees from Communist domin- ated countries; to form them into military units, or for other pur- poses. "To date, over eight months after its passage, so far as I can ascer- tain, not one dollar of this fund has been used by the Kersten said. could be vital in the nomination fight. 1948 Rules I The 1948 convention rules say I that "only legal and qualified vo- jters shall participate in a Repub- j lican convention" and it is the contention of Taft backers that Ei- senhower supporters stacked pre- cinct and county conventions in Texas with Democrats in an at- tempt to grab control of the dele- gation. Eisenhower backers have assert- Democrat-Farmer Labor party I Carolina were among the early filers. They were Koscie Marsh, St. Paul, for Secretary of State, and Walter Jor- genson, Minneapolis alderman, for Railroad and Warehouse Commis- sioner. Other filings included: Mrs. Peder P. Schmidt, Brooklyn Center housewife for governor on the GOP ticket. She passed out lit- erature condemning fluoridation of water. James Youngdale, Benson, for Congress, seventh district, DFL. Lorimer Torgerson, Fergus Falls, ninth district Congress, DFL. j Edward Slettedahl, St. Paul, high I Eisenhower met with Republicans from Alabama, Georgia and North being stabbed by a crude prison spear. Fourteen other Americans were injured slightly. The bloody fight had its effect on POWs in other compounds. Those in adjoining 78 were moved to new, smaller pens without re- sistance. A few hours later and 77 sent word to Boatner it would obey moving orders. Some Anti-Reds The cleaning out of the en- closure yielded about 65 anti- Communist prisoners who said the Snodgrass added that he thought j evacuation had saved their lives, if the Democrats did not nomin-! Thirty anti-Reds fell out of line ate Sen. Richard B. Russell of 1 when groups of Communists were Georgia, Eisenhower "unQuestion> Robert Snodgrass, a member ol the Georgia group, said he thought Eisenhower, if nominated by the Republicans, would "bring the two- party system back to the South." ed the Taft camp tried to "steal" 1 school teacher, for the'u. S.'Sen- the Texas votes by holding rump precinct and county meetings. ate on the Republican ticket. Slette- dahl was a candidate Other and somewhat similar con-1 for Gen. Douglas MacArthur in the tests may go before the national finally the conven- tion Louisiana's 15 delegates, Georgia's 17, Mississip- pi's five, South Carolina's six and possibly Florida's 18. As further evidence the Taft 'orces intend to use a firm hand, Rep, Clarence Brown of Ohio said ie will oppose the television of contest hearings. He heads the convention's radio and press sub- committee. Harry Darby, Kansas backer of Sisenhower, said he would fight any such decision. "The public should know and see what is going on in these ie declared. MacArthur's choice as keynoter irketi Eisenhower's backers. But s Darby said "'he inevitable nap- an allusion to the fact the 'aft camp had tiie necessary votes n the arrangements committee. March 18 Minnesota presidential primary. Ed Willow and John G. Alexand- er, Minneapolis, and Reuben F. Ericson, mayor of Edina, all for the Republican nomination for Con- gress in the third district. E. Luther Melin, Minneapolis, for associate justice of the State Supreme Court, against Justice Frank T. Gallagher. R. B. Kennedy, New Ulm, mem- ber of the legislature, for re-elec- tion at large from the 14th district, Brown and Redwood counties. Torgerson, in a statement ac- companying his filing for the ninth district seat held by Rep. Harold Hagen, Republican, said he would advocate 100 per cent parity price supports for farm products. He said farmers currently are squeez- ed between falling markets and soaring operating costs, including taxes. ably" would bring the Republicans their first victory in Georgia. Fire Destroys Kato Ballroom MAN KATO, Minn, wp) Flames whipped by strong winds destroyed the Kato ball- room north of here today, an hour after more than 500 per- sons attending a wedding dance had left the building. The loss was estimated at No one was injured in the fire, Mankato firemen were able to keep the flames from spreading to the nearby Con- tinental Can Co. estimate of damage was mada by Herbert Martinka of New Ulm, owner of the ball- room that was built six years ago. Martinka said several "big name" bands had been booked to play the ballroom this summer. marched out. Thirty-five others assembled in the rear of the compound and wait- ed until all other POWs had been cleared out. Then they marched out. Maj. David Korniof Richmond, Va., an officer of the 187th, said it I be taken up was apparent many raore prison- ers wanted to be separated but were held in the marching columns by die-hard'Reds. Andresen Helps Block Debate on Oleo for Navy WASHINGTON tac tics employed by two Wisconsin members yesterday beat back at- tempts for House debate on legis- lation to permit the Navy to buy and serve oleomargarine. The Navy serves butter except in unusual circumstances under current regulations. The margarine bill was due to Taft Leads Rebuffs Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio, co- author of the law, and an aspirant for the Republican presidential nomination, helped lead a succes- sion of rebuffs to the White House on the seizure issue. At day's end Taft told a reporter: "This was a direct answer to the I President's request for Congress to [act. Congress has acted." Government officials seemed to be generally agreed that Truman's personally delivered request to Congress for a special seizure law came close to committing him to do whatever Congress asked. These officials, who asked reporters not to quote them by name, said the tone of the President's speech sug- gested willingness to comply with the wishes of Congress, despite his statement that recourse to Taft- Hartley would be "by far the worse of the two approaches." To use the Taft-Hartley Act's 80- day anti-strike injunction provi- sions, Truman contended, "would Two POWs who escaped from Compound 77 told stories of mur- ders -during the night, American guards outside the compound said they had heard screams inside. Five Disarmed but Reps. Withrow and Smith, both Republicans, raised the .point that a quorum or majority of the House member- ship was not on the floor. That forced a call of the House, taking up about 30 minutes each time. Withrow said it was part of the strategy to delay the bill. When it was apparent what was [developing House Democrat lead- ers declared the bill had been The two prisoners led officers to i "displaced" on the calendar Un- tents where they said five men der normal procedure that means disappeared and to a burning rub-1 the issue is not likely to be called hi eh hoa-rt urhni'O thov CQ ir? i__ ___ f___ bish heap where they, said twojup soori) jf everi bodies were buried in oil drums 10 j sional session, to 12 feet underground. North Korean Col. Lee Hak Koq, a Compound 76 leader now in soli- tary confinement, told an inter- rogator he thought Boatner was bluffing when he said he would move the prisoners by force if necessary. There was an unofficial report that leaders of Compound 99 hold- ing North Koreans have told authorities they will not resist dis- persal. Rep. Andresen a leader in the fight to defeat the measure, said after a conference with Democratic leaders: "They left the impression that it will not be brought up again this session. But, if they do, we will be ready to fight it in the same manner." Similar tactics several weeks ago forced postponement of the same bill. be to take sides with the com- panies and against the workers." May Not Obey He hinted broadly there was no assurance the striking steel workers would obey an injunction statement which drew sparks :rom Taft and others as an "in- vitation" to defy the law. They have been on strike since June 2 when the Supreme Court ruled Truman's seizure of the industry was illegal. The President told the law- makers the better way would be plant seizure law under which he owners would "face the possi- bility of receiving something less than their normal profits and the workers will face the prospect of getting less than they think they are entitled to." As he outlined it, however, his plan would permit the government, while operating the mills, to raise wages and change working con- ditions. Within hours the Senate bowled over three plant seizure proposals, two of which had tacit White House blessing, and spiked into the controls bill the request to use the Taft-Hartley law. Max Conrad In Washington WASHINGTON Conrad, Winona, Minn., aviator who amuses himself on long solo flights >y inventing songs and playing hem on a harmonica, made final reparations today for his second Lindbergh-style air-bop to Europe. Conrad conferred at Civil Aero- lautics Administration headquart- TS on the communication facilities ivailable for his flight in a single- ngine Cub place. He also visited the embassies of Norway, Denmark and Sweden, the three countries he will visit. The ambassadors of those na- ions indicated they would be on land at the airport at 1 p.m. 'hursday for Conrad's take-off on :e non-stop first leg of the trip, to Goose Bay, Labrador. ;