Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 10, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Partly Cloudy Tonight, Showers On Wednesday Chiefs vs. Rochester 8 Tonight KWNO. Dugout Interviews VOLUME 52, NO. 97 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY Remember Pearl Harbor By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP NEW YORK of dis- quiet again are running through official Washington, after a good many months of calm. Bland opti- mism is still the approved public line, but among State and De- fense Department policymakers an increasing group is acutely wor- ried about the outlook for this summer. So far as can be discerned, these shock waves of worry have two main epicenters. The first is in Moscow, where the "hate Ameri-1 ca" campaign reached an incred-1 ible pitch of virulence about four weeks ago, and had been kept on that pitch ever since. It is under- stood that the venomous violence of this Soviet "hale America" propaganda was one of the first points to strike our new Ambas- sador, George F. Kennan. This is significant, since Kennan has more than enough experience to ignore the ordinary Russian propaganda mouthings. "Hate Amerca" is, of course, an old theme for the Soviet pro- pagandists. The new features of the campaign are a mouth-frcth- ing emphasis on the brutal savag- ery of the American Army and a redoubled effort to stir up the Rus- sian people. Where the greatest ef- forts were formerly made in the j salellite and Western nations, the j Kremlin's propaganda is now con- j tinuously beamed at Russian eyes j and ears. The front pages ofj "Pravda" and the Steel Seizure Approval Asked In Animated Conversation in Chicago, III. as the Republican committee on arrangements met today to select a keynoter were, left to right, Carroll Reese, Johnson City, Tenn., treasurer; Wal- ter Hallanan. Charleston, W. Va., vice chairman; Harrison Spang- ler, Des Moines, la.; Clarence Brown, Springfield, Ohio, and Ralph Gates, Columbus City, Ind., general counsel. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) British Remove Wire Around Russ Station 31 Reds Slain As Yanks Move Koje Prisoners 139 Other Reds Wounded, POWs Defy Orders to Move I By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN KOJE ISLAND, Korea U.S. paratroopers today cracked the Communist prisoner of war rebellion in a rip-snorting battle lhat left notorious Cora- pound 76 a flaming, bloody desolate ruin. Thirty-one prisoners died and 139 were wounded. One American was killed and 14 wounded. The fight broke out when the POWs disobeyed orders to move peaceably into new, smaller en- !closures of about 509 each. I U.S. Army Intelligence officers found a master plan in 76 to liber- i ate all Communist prisoners I on Koje. It called for. the Reds i to seize the island and its U.N. i garrison and turn its weapons against any force from the main- land. Further details were with- (held. I Not a shot was fired in the! barbed wire encircled battlefield. Sen. Robert A. Tsft of Ohio, right, seated in third row from floor, sits with his hand to his mouth as he hears President Truman, at rostrum, extreme left, denounce the Taft-Hartley act and ask Congress to quickly give him power to seize and operate the struck steel industry. Seated in Dulles Urges U.5. to Make now become the main the "hate America" poison. Among the policymakers, some are disturbed by this sudden in- tensification of anti American propaganda within the Soviet Un- ion simply because it mystifies them. Others are worried because they take it as a sign that the Politburo has abandoned hope of Stalin's "peaceful and has decided that world war is ultimately inevitable. Still others a minority lo be the Kremlin is seeking to prepare its people for an early period of great danger. j Meanwhile, the shock waves of i By DON DOANE BERLIN troops removed their barbed wire barri- j The 750 Americans of the t !l! ,of I cades from Russia's Radio Berlin headquarters early today, ending "Angels From Hell" combat team PlKITInii I IPflT seven-day siege which won several concessions from the Soviets. used concussion grenades, bay-; VJIIIvH wlwUI The British said they lifted the blockade on the station inside their oncts, tear gas and fists to subdue j because it had served its purpose. Under its pressure, the [the rebellious North Koreans, j BALTIMORE ----------------------------------i Russians loosened their squeeze The Reds were armed with spears, Dulles called' upon the on West Berlin to the extent of j knives, rocks and firebombs. yielding several border areas they j Surrendering prisoners w ere had seized. (Continued on Page 7, Col. 1) ALSOPS Taft Demands 1950 Statement Of Principles By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Robert Russ Armed Forces Ceiling Plan UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. ithat the siege, if continued too Hong, night have boomeranged. j They felt the Allied occupied part i of this Communist-surrounded city is too vulnerable lo invite heavy reprisals for slight gains. Show Moderation j "We must show moderation as I well as firmness so as not to bring 'down further difficulties on Ber- i _ ,r lin's head, one official com- Taft said today that Republic-: ans could avoid a possible fight j over their campaign platform this The Communists still held West year by adopting at the Chicago j Berlin in a potential strangle grip Foster United clear the conditions under which our retali- Allied officials look Ihe view' Brig. Gen. Haydon L. Boalner, atoiT striking power would be noter Tafi-Hartley Law Unsuitable, Truman Declares Congress Told It Can Vote to Take Private Property BULLETIN WASHINGTON Sen- today rtjected, by a 68 to 12 vote, a proposal by Sen. Maybank (D-SC) to ban in essential industries for T20 days and permit seizure if either side rejected settlement terms proposed by a govern- ment board. WASHINGTON President Truman asked Congress today for power to seize and operate the [struck steel industry. Before a hastily assembled joint session of the Senate and House, Truman said the choice lay be- jtween federal seizure and use of ithe Taft-Hartley Act. A Tafl-Hart- Sley injunction against the strike of. United Steel workers, he said, "is by far the.worst of the two approaches." Standing on the speaker's dias in the House chamber, Truman told the senators and representatives that the Supreme Court had ruled n t against presidential seizure of the CHICAGO W-Gen. Douglas MacArthur today was named key- steei mills, but had said Congress :r for he Republican national convention opening here July 7 vole lo lake t h The choice of MacArthur was made on a voice vote in a closed ity j.re sajd same row as Tafl are three other Republican senators. From left they are Sen. Joseph Mc- Carthy, Wisconsin, Richard Nixon, California, and Andrew Schoeppel, Kansas. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) MacArthur Named GOP Keynoter I hustled off to the new enclosures. the Koje commander, had given j used" against Soviet aggression, the Reds a chance to move to the Such a statement of intentions neW CPoemmubnLyt leaders l" meeting of the convention's -Hi-member arrangements committee. William Mylandcr, Republican publicity director, told reporters he understood .Mac-Arthur had agreed to accept. The committee i decided to split the keynoter post away from that of temporary chairman and proceeded toward the election of a temporary chair- chose to fight. the Japanese peace treaty, "would The choicc of Boatner met the resistance with i reassure our friends, who now fear i victory for supporters of Sen, Rob- force in his campaign to gain un- contested control over the prison war in whjch we may recklessly start an atomic would be th (first victims." ert A. Tafl of Ohio, leading candi date for the GOP presidential I nomination. Although the designa- I tion of MacArthur had been pro- ol- ,that could be turned any time into pens. The wild, swirling battle was witnessed by prisoners of two other unruly and Shortly after the fight ended to expect and avoid such miscal- j "No's Boatner told prisoners in 78 to get culations as produced the Korean was i T. i UOH 01 jviacnrinur nau ueen pro- i It would also, Dulles said, by backers of Gen. Dwight fectively deter our enemies, forjD. Eisenhower, Taft's chief rival, they would know in advance what j 5ald' ready to be moved-or else. The War and which, if uncertainty con-> tinues, could produce a far greater I IfPlArfC i convention a 1950 "staiemen. ._ Ivwlwwlj jprinciples and objectives." ja new blockade. Zonal borders be-1prisoners obeyed meekly. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, !tween East and West And leaders in Compound 77 sent MarArfhnr chief rival for the Repub-jand even street boundaries be- word that they would be ready to! Dulles addressed the 74th 'lican presidential nomination, gave i tween East and West Berlin, have move on Boatner's c o m m a n d, I mencement exercises at Johns (general endorsement to the docu-i'bcen turned into fortified frontiers. They will be moved tomorrow. j Hopkins University, which con- jment at his Abilene, Kan., news! The Reds have cut all but four! Boatner was jubilant over the jarred upon him an honorary Doc- msn- conference last Thursday. of Berlin's highway lines to the [way the paratroopers from the Itor Laws degree. j Obviously referring to that, Taft i West. Allied military patrols still 187th Airborne Regimental Com-i told a reporter that Republicans i were barred from the single Allied bat Team quelled the Reds. He !can avoid a convention battle be- road passageway through the Rus-jsaid: cause "that can be our platform'sian zone. "The discipline of the troops was Russia rejected today a Western now." Some small Berlin areas which j superb. I have an official report plan for voluntary ceilings on Ihe The 1950 document was drawn jthe Russians seized or cut off from ithat not one shot was fired in Corn- armed forces of "the big powers. b-v Republican leaders in the West Berlin before the siege re-i pound 76. We captured the exact Soviet delegate Jakob A. Malik Senate and House, including Taft, imained in Soviet control. j plan of resistance." told the U.N. Disarmament approved by a majority; These were the specific conces-j He referred to the map and congressmen, and then en- isior.s won from the Russians: (papers found inside 76. were only the voice f .1. ,.nmmiiipp a the co mm tee Commitlee- mission the proposal of the United States, Britain and France was dorsed by the Republican National They yielded entirely on Brit designed to prevent a real reduc-; Committee. j ain's No. demand by withdraw- Boatner personally had ordered North Korean Col. Lee Hak Woo, tion of arms and to avoid pro- hibition of atomic weapons. 3rd Highest Wheat Crop Predicted Some Dissents :mg from the little Brilish sector j a Compound 76 leader, to assemble At the time some GOP senators, settlement of Eiskeller, which they the POWs for moving. Lee refused. J The plan had been' offered as classed as liberals or progressives, ]had sealed off a week ago. At a.m. loudspeakers blared WASHINGTON A wheat a reply to Russian demands for i registered some dissents. They 2. They withdrew their sentries i to the compound: (crop of a one-third reduction of armed eluded several who now are back- from the shore of Lake Griebnitz, I "In 15 minutes you will be moved third largest of fore- forces of the big powers, ing Eisenhower for the party's in the American sector. i into newly constructed compounds cast by the Agriculture Dcpart- The Western countries proposed nomination. Other Changes j If you move quietly youjment loday. that Ihe Soviel Union, the United One of them, Sen. H. Alexander; 3. They permitted the tiny sub- will not be hurt. If you resist you) A crop of this size would be States and China limit'their forces of New Jersey, said in a (urb of Steinstuecken, in the Amer- do so at your own peril." bushels less than the to million men r.ach and that separate interview today that the ican sector, to resume conlact with 1 The Communists ducked into bushels indicated a Britain and France agree to ceil-'Statements of Taft and Eisenhower (West Berlin via a road through the I freshly dug trenches and waited. Seconding speeches were made by Mrs. A. C. Remmel of Arkan- sas, Cyrus L. Phillip, of Wisconsin, Mrs. Howard A. Coffin of the Dis- trict of Columbia, Mrs. Margaret A. Rockwell of Arizona, Rep. Clar- ence Brown of Ohio, J. Bates Ger- ald of South Carolina, Mrs. John B. Cooley of North Dakota, and Harrison E. Spangler of Iowa. Mylander said that when Nation- al Chairman Guy G. Gabrielson called for remarks, there were no opposition speeches. "The issue is Congress." private proper- squarely up to Cen. MacArthur ings of men each. Rail Worker Wounded at La Crosse Dies "that Republicans will i Soviet zone. Fifteen minutes later the para- Youths Agree To Pay for Park Damage Jury Acquits Ousted U.S. Tax Collector month ago. It would compare also with last year's crop rjalTlage done lo Farmers Com- scandal riddled Internal Revenue Bureau's ousted collectors to be tried, was of backdating his own 1945 Law's Requirements Truman said a seizure law should: 1. Permit (he government to change the wages and working con- ditions of the steel workers. The government had prepared to raise steel wages under the presi- dential seizure but was blocked by a court injunction. 2. Provide for a method of deter- mining just compensation for the mill owners. Truman recommended special boards within the fraflie- work of the economic stabilization program. A factor in the strike was the failure of Ihe steel industry to gel governmenl assurances of price increases Ihe industry deemed nec- essary to pay higher wages. "In this the President said of Ihe two side approach, legislation can assure con-. linued steel production and fair treatment for both parties duriag j government operation." Truman condemned use of the I Taft-Hartley Act's injunclive pow- ers as "unwise, unfair and quite possibly ineffective." He said the union had voluntarily postponed strike action for 99 days as com- pared with the Taft-Hartiey 80-day cooling-off period. Truman con- tinued: "Its (Taft-Harllcy) effect would jbe to require the workers to con- jtinue working for another long i period without change in their j wages and working conditions. T-H Type Injunction "This would be grossly unfair. ;The Wage Stabilization Board, the i government agency charged with responsiblity in these matters, has I indicate f present a united front once the 4. They also dropped their de-1 troopers attacked. They stormed] 000 bushels, the ten-year average i Stockton "last 1 income tax returns to defraud the is selected." mand for a small piece of the [through the barbed wire fences )of and the record of; "will be paid for bv aboul 10 i governmenl. j i "There has been some loose lalkiFrohnau Cemetery which extends) from several directions. j in 1947. j Of y0ung people involved, ac-1 Two other ousled I about a pre-convention contest j from the French sector into the! Twenty minutes after the fight- It would exceed by far the gov-! cording to Sheriff George Fort 'Dennis W. Delaney of Boston and splitting the party." Smith said, i Russian zone. ling started Red Colonel Lee was ernment's production goal of The sheriff said today he had'James P. Finnegan of St A think this demonstrates that] After British Tommies rolled I captured. bushels. i rounded up about 30 boys and sirls were convicted earlier this year Juagment whether Eisenhower or Taft is the away the barricading wire shortly j Rugged paratroopers grabbed! The nrospective crop was divided j of them 16 and 17 years' A Federal Court jury of eight nominee, the party can and will! before 2 a.m. today some 40 Rus-j him by the seat of the pants and as follows: Winter wheat, admitted being ai the1 women and four men last night be unified in the campaign." sians and German Communists [walked him "frog legged" on and spring wheat, j park last Tuesday evening. freed Smyth after deliberating i The 1950 campaign document put (trapped inside the building for the! hands and of the com-1000 bushels. j Two boys in one car told the'seven hours They acquitted him ;he on record as wanting iweek refused to come out. By tel- J----- "to win lasting peace, to build a j ephone they said they would not are en- in wages "The result of using a Taft-Hart- type injunclion in this dispute Id be to take sides with the companies against the workers." Taft-Hartley, Tru- man urged that it vote powers for an immediate injunction, without I country in which every citizen emerge until relieved by a fresh pound. Tears streamed down his j The rye crop was forecast at j sheriff they had been responsible :of three charges after he and i face. He was clamped in solitary bushels compared with for driving at fast speed over the: others testified his returns werej. may make the mnst of his skill, staff. LA CROSSE J. Col- -and enterprise, to hold aloftf confinement. burn. 27, a railroad worker from !alofttnelnsp'nng of assault with intent to commit I murder against Oscar Flaten, 44, of La Crosse, will be withdrawn and he will file a first degree mur- 1 der charge ls the state- said the party stands for be7fn "Jle Presi- of f in a "united American Under the first warrant Flaten was charged with shooting Colburn al f taxe acd three times when he found him in 3 tavern with his wife, Orvella, 1 bud el had pleaded innocent bv s.trict enforcement of laws reason of temporary insanitv to "4air'St the first charge. Bosshard said hei. .Anon-partisan commission study will ask a mental examination for Io bnng z redistribution of Flaten at the Central State Hospital "mental functions and sourc- at Waupun ies of revenue between federal, m (state and local entities. Fair prices for farmers aided j by a system of price supports. Op- PELZER, S. C. Bob Edens, i Continuation of the Taft-Hartley 22-year-old college man, has a Act with improvements shown to schedule that's enough to tucker a i be needed person out just reading about it. j Legislation to protect the rights He's up at 3 a.m., delivers 81 oi minorities newspapers, walks home for break- 1 Federal aid to states for suo- fast, then trudges a mile to a high- j sistence shelter ind medical care way and hitch-hikes a 17-mile ride j for those in need avoiding "so- to Greenville and his classes at cialization" of the medical pro- Furman University. uession or of any other activity. College Student Busy v, steel pio- tn to parties to last year and i lawn and ripping up the sod. duplicates filed to replace lost! i for the ten-year average, Another boy admitted pushing: originals. 'duction'' I his fist into an automatic light! The nattily dressed deposed col-1 2 "To CirV switch device that controlled the (lector for Northern California com-1 holn ,r" park outdoor lighting system. jmented- -T Members of tne park board did I -Tm'so happy. One of not wish to press charges, Sheriff: trials is enough for a Fort revealed providing the youlhs However, two other indictments I when the steel 'Deace talks col pay damages totaling about remain against Smvth One the steel peace talks col- The sheriff had most of the i uroed called I kst both the mdustry money in hie possession loday and va'M" bv FedeS Judse Aker the S3ld: "We have glven J m reaerai juage Aiger assurance to our governmenl that expected the balance by the end of the week they j indicment to ree maiciraent, to replace we Wlll in assuring pro- Sthat one> was for th indictment was returned Some Of The Communist POWs wounded when they resisted U.N. efforts to move them from Com- pound 76 on Koje Island to a new compound, lie on ground awaiting first aid in a hospital station setup near Compound 76. One American soldier and 31 Ce'mmunists were killed. Fourteen Ameri- cans were injured. (AP Wirephoto to The Re- publican-Herald) whisky bollles throughout Ihe park as a result Neatly 300 Register of the outwg, authorities said. ,1 aji For Sessions at TC Registration Monday and this morning for Winona State Teacb- r-i t> was called to investigate re-jers College summer sessions total- Iralian rilms Dooming iputed scandals in his department. Ied nearly 300 by noon today, ac- ROME "Hollywood-on-the! He then was charged with back- cording to the office of the reg- tion celebration from Winona Sen- Truman Nov. 28-on charges ior High School that night. of f hf i properly" after a Federal grand Tiber" is turning out a record j dating returns for himself and his number of motion pictures this I wife in an effort to escape in year. penalties and interest. By April the Italian film indus-1 The accusations of an inproperly try had finished 30 full-length pic- tures. Another 18 were before the cameras. A record number of high- managed office led to indictments against several Smyth aides. His ousted chief deputy, Paul V, Doyle, budget films intended for the ex-1 awaits trial on a charge of back- port market are included. 'dating returns for estates. istrar at the college. That figure is some less than the total registered at the close of enrollment week last summer, it was reported. Registration contin- ues through this week. Classes began today. Registra- tion for tho. second session is July 21.