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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 10, 1949, Winona, Minnesota PARTLY CLOUDY, WARMER Utan READ DICK TRACY BACK PAGE DAILY VOLUME 49, NO. 97 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 10, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES risoner at El! swo rth Harold Ickes Defense Witness Ky Karl R. Bnuman L. Ickes, former secretary of the interior, showed up today ns n defense witness in Judith Coplon's espionage trial, but WHS excused until later. Ickes responded to a subpoena issued by Archibald Palmer, Miss Coplon's attorney. During his brief stay In thy courtroom Ickes told reporters that he doesn't know "a cliimned thing about it except what I see in the papers." however, The Alsops Chinese Reds Must Trade With West By Stewart Alsop Hong It is time to stop asking nervously on what terms the West is to be allowed to trade with communist China, as the Chi- nese coast businessmen be to lay the ground' work for another foreign ministers :onference at some future date. The commission also might be assigned the task of tackling as- ects of the Berlin situation which equire quick four-power action. It is believed that Russia and ae West are not far apart on the issues holding up an Austrian inde- endence treaty. But neither side s keen on concluding an Austrian reaty and withdrawing- occupation roops while neighboring Germany so .unsettled. Arcadia, is now over for good, MAO TSE-TUNG and his com- rades hope, however, to escape, from the worst of their cUlemmajcused of conspiring to advocate the by trading with the Western world, [forcible overthrow of the govern- wns adjourned until Monday f the Dally Worker, admit mer state department official. The trial of 11 communists ac- Qf ReSCTVCS Asked Washington Case (R-S.D.) yesterday intro- burcau. play one rapacious, profit-hungry capitalist nation off against the yesterday that he had lied but his- llshment of bureaus of reserve af- fairs by the Army and Navy de- partments to correlate all activi- othor. Thus they expoct to hold tory would justify his lie the whip hand in this dangerous of thp trtniv and with some reason, If! H Snu'-ntB OI tne the Western nations permit their The second rmd last charge policies to bo shaped by certain of i against Hiss, based on a denial be- thelr business representatives here.) fore a federal grand jury that he jties of reserve corps. U the China coast businessman I can be controlled, however, there Is tin easy way out for the West. The Western trading nations, and saw whitiaker Chambers after January 1, 1937, was pressed today. Chambers has said that Hiss was especially the United Slates' and Hlcal objectives In China, They must then set up an international authority, or devise some other mechanism, to enforce agree- ment. If all trade with China, down to the lust machine tool and barrel of fuel oil, Is thus brought under; control, >tho whip hand will pass toj the West, It is urgent to gain this advav tago, The emergency objective o our Par Eastern policy must b to prevent tho catastrophe of th tiommunlzatlon of all of Asia, Th' Poiplng- radio is already promlslni "material aid uncl moral support' to tho southeast Asiatic communls movements. If the West qulcfclj wisely mobilizes its economl' power, it whoud be possible to minimize this danger rather rapid ly. But our Far Eastern policy mus also have tho long range objective of promoting Chinese independence of tho Kremlin. There are many rumors, but thoro Is no particle of solid evidence for existence ot Tltolsm in the Chinese commu- nist leadership. Tn any case, the Kremlin mistrusts Mao Tse-tung and his group. U Ll-san, Mao's enemy, was long ago dug out of his Moscow exile and made vice- roy of Manchuria; and there have been other, more recent signs. The reason for this distrust is obvious. Whether or not Titolsm has emerg- ed among tho Chinese communists, the necessary conditions for Titolsm are present. THE CHINESE communists owe nothing to Russia, which actually used to help ChlanR Kai-shek, They cannot hope to have their economic needs satisfied by Russia. They aro intensely nationalist, and at least in secret, they must resent the ruthless, nineteenth-century style Russian exploitation of Manchuria, Slnklang and Mongolia. They have their own army and their own se- (C'ontinuMl on Page 9, Column 6.) ALSOP 1 WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy and slightly warmer tonight and Saturday. Low tonight 60, high Saturday 82. LOCAL WEATHEE Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 86; minimum, 61; noon, precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- horrow at Additional weather on Page, 9.0 Bradley Warns U. S. Must Be Strong to Keep Peace Easton, (J1) The United States wants peace and security bu not peace, at any price, General Omar N. Bradley, Army chief of staff said today. "Technically, we have peace now peace denned as the absence o armed conflict but certainly we do not have General Bradlei said in an address prepared for de livery at the Lafayette college com mencement exercises. The American people and thei leaders must accept 'the belief tha "military strength cannot" be a las resort device for the extraction o poorly forged political irons from Six American Airmen Dead In Boat Fire the General Bradley said. "It is an unfortunate but criticism of modern Internationa he added, "that a na tion's voice whispers or command in exact ratio to its moral strength Tokyo Six U. S. airmen and I and military potential." a, died whec! In addition to desiring peace and their rescue boat caught fire Securityi Army chief staff i SLf SSS the American people intend "to Air Force reported today. maintain our political way of life' To accomplish these objectives was six miles off Sendai, north ofj Tokyo, when it caught fire. He said the flames cut off access ;o emergency equipment and the duced a bill calling for the estab- whole crew abandoned ship in a ough sea. Duffield managed to swim the six miles to shores. Pour bodies have >een recovered. The rescue boat was one of sev- eral assigned to the Far East Air Force. Names of victims were with- held. Duffield said the Japanese was pilot of the craft. Congressman Asks Action on Revamping Washington the the government has become "a sprawling, wasteful and inefficient Representative Lov- re (R-S.D.) yesterday demanded in a speech in the House that Con- gress stay in session, until it is reorganized. and to help the rest of the world gain peace also, the United States seeks to further the purpose and principle of the United Nations General Bradley said. "Peaceful sounding as these chosen goals may be, I see no im- mediate indication that we wil! any of them by abandonmen! of our present monopoly of the atomic bomb or other weakening of our armed forces." General Bradley was awarded an honorary degree of doctor of science along with General Cart Spaatz. Air Force chief of staff. Paul G. Hpffinan, administrator of the Eco- nomic Co-operation administration, received the degree of doctor of letters. Faribault Slaying Account Verified In Truth Tests Minneapolis State crime Second Largest Wheat Crop in History Forecast Washington The Agricul- ture department today forecast this year's wheat crop a.t bushels, the second'largest on record. This estimate is bushels more than the fore cast a month ago. It compares also with last year's crop of 000, with the record of grown in 1947 and with the ten- year (1938-47) average of 000 bushels. Today's forecast Included bushels of winter wheat and bushels of spring wheat. The winter wheat figure is bushels more than the forecast a month ago. It compares with last year's win- ;er wheat crop of jusbels, the record of in 1947 and a ten-year average oi The spring wheat crop was 100 bushels more than the 100 bushels indicated a month ago. It compares with last year's crop of and with the ten-year average of Two Escape From 'ail at Orronville Ortonville, Minn. (IP) Vernpn Warren, 27, and his brother, Irwin. 8, escaped from the city jail here ast night. The two were arrested in ;his area about a week ago. They lad confessed 14 break-ins and in this area. After their arrest, the pair were Police Head Out, Four Minneapolis Aides Step Down of the top officers of the Minneapolis police department quit today in a wave of resignations stemming from the campaign for the office of mayor, Police Chief Glenn MacLean headed the quintet. His resignation came after acting Mayor Eric G. Koyer late yesterday requested that MacLean step down. The mayor said his move came because Mac- Lean had entered politics "when It is my belief the police department should be kept out of politics." MacLean, in a letter to a news paper, said he was supporting John G. Simmons, Hoyer's opponent in the city-wide election next Monday. After MacLean quit, the resigna- tions of Inspector of Police Thom- as Jones, Detective Inspector Eu- gene Bernath and Deputy Inspec- tors Roger Rydlund and William Schoennesen came in rapid suc- cession. In giving up their administrative posts, the men will revert to their civic service status. Jones will be- come a lieutenant and the others will become .detectives. Jones said his resignation was prompted by the fact that his pres- ence as second in command of the police department might embarrass any successor chosen for MacLean as. chief. Bernath, in his letter of resigna- tion, said he had been working hard lately and was tired. He said he would like to rest for a while be- fore returning to duty. of Freeport, HI. Metoff was bound over to circuit court early yesterday afternoon after pleading guilty to a burglary charge. He had been arrested Tues- day along witii two others from. Illinois. Sheriff Gilbertson said the break occurred about p. m. yesterday while he was out of the Jail and his mother-in-law, Mrs. Pen- had been left alone in the build- ing. Lock Picked Metoff picked the lock of one of two doors on his cell, the sheriff said. The solid metal door had been left open and only the Inner grilled door was locked, Gllbertsoa revealed. "This was done because of Met- off's 'attempt at hanging himself earlier in the the sheriff said. The youth was extremely morose and despondent after hearing- bail set at by Jiidg-e E. H. Powers, according- to the sheriff. A short time after he was return- ed to his cell he tried to take his second time in recent weeks, Gilbertson revealed. Mrs. Fenton said she heard a noise in the cell block and upon investigation discovered hanging by some strips MacLean, in his statement, said he was supporting Simmons for mayor because "I am convinced his election will be a greater guar- antee that we will continue to have Metoff of torn sheets tied to the top of the bars on his cell door. Gets Help She ran across the street and sum- moned help from two oil station attendants, the sheriff said. When hey returned, the almost lifeless body had fallen to the floor, Gil- bertson said. "He was turning blue when jegan to apply said the sheriff. District Attorney Kenneth Ii. gwanion 'of EUtworth oaUed to the Jail to talk with Metoff. After a lengthy visit the boy seemed to be In 'letter Gilbertson said. Only a short tttne later another suicide attempt was made. All of this took place the early jart of yesterday afternoon. The wo others who were arrested along with Morris, 16, and Robert Bluenel, wit- adequate police administration and nessed act but said nothing, _ r STtlKAwirtAvi aken to the county jail in Brecken- idge. They were returned here esterday, however, to show offi- ers where they had hidden loot rom their burglaries. Both men are ex-convicts. The brothers used hacksaws to it out of their own cell into an- ther and then sawed their way law enforcement. I am certain tha his. election will mean that we take no chances that racketeers will re sume operations here." Hoyer said his law enforcement joh'cies had been carried out satis 'actorily by the police department and that, before MacLean's state- ment supporting- Simmons, he had 'not thought it necessary to have a new chief of police." Tucker, 7 Aides Indicted on Fraud Counts Chicago Preston T. Tucke and seven associates, one an ex convict, were indicted on federa charges as a result of their promo- tion of an unmarketed rear-engim ut a back window. Ralph Trulock of automobile. They were accused of mail fraud violation of Securities and Exchang commission regulations and con splracy. A 31-count indictment was return Ch'okio, who led before Federal Judge John P was in the second cell remained inJBarnes by a grand jury which spen I bureau officials today said that lie! ut refused to talk about the es- cape. Trulock was being held on 'detector and "truth serum" tests) j a charge of selling mortgaged property. 12 weeks since February 12 invest! gating affairs of Tucker and his corporation. Maximum possible penalties for conviction under the indictment (have confirmed a 17-year-old Fari-j Patrolman clarence Thomas said----........ bault girl's account of the cnecked on the prisoners about would amount to 155 years impris 'of Fred Morselling, 19, and an at-j! a, m_ tney appeared to be onment and in fines for each sleeping. I of the eight defendants. Dr. Karl right, president of Augustana Lutheran seminary at Kocfc. Island, TII, congratu- lates three Augustana Lutheran church pastors the same-class 50 years ago. They were at Minneapolis for the church's 90th annual synod. Left to right, they are: The Rev. C. A. Tolin, Chicago, the Rev, Alex Sand, Hazel, Minn., and the Rev. J. Alfred Anderson of Brooklyn, N. Y. (AJ1. Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) tack on her by the killer. Officials said they had been con- vinced the truth of the girl's state- ments, but that the tests were made primarily to quiet rumors In Fari- bault that the girl "wasn't telling all she knew." She repeated her story of the kill- ing and attack near Faribault twice yesterday, once with the lie detector being used and again after the "truth serum" had been used. Farmer Pinned Under Tractor Kills Self Bed Creek, N. farmer pinned by an overturned tractor strangled himself with twigs to end his agony, a coroner's physician reported. James Jenkins, 52, was caught yesterday beneath the machine when it tipped over backward on a steep hill in an orchard. The tractor seat crushed his abdomen. Dr. Charles Single, coroner's phy- sician, said Jenkins apparently grasped twigs from a nearby bush, placed them, around his throat and strangled hiinself. The body was found by a neigh- bor several hotnsr later. Tusk of Mastodon Found in Wisconsin Waukesha county farm boy has discovered the tusk of a mastodon that roamed Wisconsin 250 centuries ago. The curved tusk, measuring seven feet, was turned up when the boy was plowing, a public museum official said last night. Joseph G. Emielity, assistant geologist at the museum, said the tip of another tusk was found near the first arid is be- lieved to be from the same ani- mal. The find is one of the largest of its kind ever made in the state, the geologist said. .The' name of the farm boy'and the place of discovery are being withheld otherwise souvenir seekers might, walk off .with ad- ditional evidence. The tusk is fragile and partly splintered due to loss of its min- eral content while aging, Emi- elity said. Its measurements, he said, indicate that Its owner was 12 to 15 feet tall and 20 feet long. He said the mastodon lived in a climate very much like to- day's and was a vegetarian, eating grass; willow branches and lily pads. The geologist es- timated the animal's age at 000 years, which would put it in the glacial age when the ice was retreating from Wisconsin. An earlier discovery of mas- todon relics was made' in the Milwaukee area in 1946. Three teeth and a jawbone fragment were found on a farm 'near Ce- dsrburg. according to Gilbertson, Makes Break Metoff made his break after tha sheriff had gone out for supper, leaving Mrs. Fenton again alone in the building. (Pierce county does not have a paid deputy sheriff.) Mrs. Fenton heard nothing to in- dicate that a break was in the making, Gilbertson said. Suddenly Metoff caine running from the cell block and dashed out the back door. Minutes later Gilbertson. came in the front door, he said. He immediately took chase, but lost the prisoner's trail. Posseg were organized and state and national authorities put on the alert. Metoff had tried to shoot himself at Freeport. a week ago. Sheriff Gilbertson said. Authorities in that community had placed htm in Jail ihere on June 2, but had released him the next day, the sheriff said. Piece of Wife The Jock on his eel] here was >icked with a piece of wire taken :rom a bed spring coll, Gilbertson revealed. As authorities continued search- other two youths were brought Into court late this morning and com- mitted to the Wisconsin feeble- minded institution at Falls. Sherifif Gilbertson said at noon that he planned to take Morris and Bleumel to Chippewa Falls late this afternoon. The two men had es- caped from a similar hospital at Dixon, 111., and will probably be re- turned there later, the sheriff said. The three youths were arrested by the sheriff and a posse after one of at Bay City and admitted having been involved in a series of crimes, ac- cording to Gilbertson, who captured the other two Tuesday near Goose Lake. They were charged with stealing money, food and a pistol from the Uplnski home between Maiden Rock and Bay City, and, according to Gilbertson, admitted having stol- en a car belonging to Mrs. Hunter at Trempealeau Monday night. The car was returned to the owner yesterday. It was found abandoned near Maiden Hock. lohn McCutcheon Succumbs at 79 McCutcheoni 79, famous cartoonist lor the Chi- cago Tribune for 43 years and form- er war correspondent, died today at his home in suburban Lake Forest. McCutcheon, who won the Pul- tzer prize for cartoons in had been ill since 1946 when he etired from active work at tht Tribune. His survivors include bis widow and three sons, John T. Jr., a member of the Tribune editorial taff; Shaw, and George Barr McCutcheon. ;