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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 9, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER 1'itrtlr flouily. flfttnrivhat wiirmrr t o n I x ti 11 thunilrrihotveti IS HERE Dial 97.5 for the Bert In Radio Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 46, NO. 96 WINQNA. MINNESOTA. WEDNESDAY EVENING, JUNE 9. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES THE ALSOPS Real Peace Needed in Palestine ISy Stewart Al.sop some clays, we were on tho edge of an an official hero remarked recently. He was dlxclislng tho Soviet-sponsored and American-supported United Nations proposal for sanctions against the Arab states. Thc proposal was de- feated In the security council but H may bo rclntrocluced at a Inter date. And It Is worth recording the unanimous conviction of the British officials concerned thrit tho pro- posal threatened to force the Middle East Into the Soviet sphere of In- fluence, together with the reasons for this conviction. Theso reasons mainly concern Irnci. The economic position Iraq Is already desperate. 1C Imports from tho West were stopped, even the present npalllngly low standard of living In Inici could not be main- tained. And solid Information avail- able to the British Intelligence Ser- vice Indicated that tho Soviets were Arabs, Jews Accept U. N. Truce ____________ J _______________________.._______________________________________' Id or Vandenberg Alarmed by Slash in Says Proposal Perils Fight on Communism Assails 'Meat Ax Technique' of House Committee By Oliver W. DC Wolfe Washington Senator Van- denberg (R.-MIch.) today called the House cut in foreign aid funds a. "cynical reversal" of American for- eign policy, done through the "back door" and with "meat ax tcch- nlciuc." He said it which "guts fully prepared to take advantage of ]KrKilt wnr. this situation. AS SOON AS SANCTIONS were Imposed, ti violent, political explo- sion In would have been In- evitable, Tho pro-Soviet political group In Irnci. more powerful than In any other Middle Eastern coun- try except possibly Iran, was clearly prepared to use this explosion to Its own ends, with Soviet support. Soviet support, according to the] Intelligence reports, was to take tho form of a Soviet gold loan. This loan had already been promised to pro-Soviet Il'aci lenders, oven while tho discussions In the United Na- tions were In progress. It was to be made available after tho sanctions woro imposed, In exchange for cer- tain concessions to the Soviet Union. There Is no doubt at all that these concessions would have assured cf- fcctlvo Soviet political control of I Thc results were wholly prccllct- nblc. Extension of effective Soviet is a dangerous one the enterprise" ol strengthening Europe against com- munism as "Insurance" the United States will not have to fight another Influence to by-passing or would mean the the whole Anglo- American holding line to the Soviet union's south, In Greece, Turkey jincl Iran. Moreover, with Irnci fallen to the Soviet sphere, other Middle Eastern countries would certainly soon have followed suit. Pakistan, nlso subject to sanctions under the Soviet resolution, and where the economic situation Is as desperate ns In IHICI, could only have turned to Its powerful northern neighbor. Iran, It was believed, would have bcon the next to go. In short, the process of destroying the whole west- ern position In the Middle East would have been well begun, and tho western tuitions faced with a catastrophic strategic defeat, ALL THIS HOUND alarmist. Yot It Is. In broad outline, the iierlous British estimate of the situa- tion which was repeatedly com- municated to Washington In the clays elurlni: which the Palestine Issue was being debated In the United Nations. This British es- timate may have been Incorrect or exaggerated, although the report or With these words, the chairman of thu Senate foreign relations com- mittee launched a fight to get from Congress the funds he believes are necessary lor foreign aid. He spoke them before the Senate appropria- tions committee at the opening of Its hearings on the House-passed foreign aid appropriations bill. What House Ditl What the House did Is this: The administration asked for a 12-mont.hs program. The House voted and said it had I to be spread over 15 months. Sec- retary of State Marshall has said that would mean cutting European aid from a recovery program to mere relief. Vandenberg went before the Sen- ate appropriations committee sim- ply as a witness. In measured tones, Vandenberg read a prepared statement which concluded: "I beg ol! the sake of tho hopes by which free men that you give EGA (Economic Co- operation administration) a fair chance. Its mere creation already has paid heavy dividends. I ask it for what I profoundly believe to be the national Interest of our own United States." Slosh Criticized He said that in effect Congress had voted last spring to undertake tho Job of helping Europe back to economic health, but now the House was refusing the money to back up that policy. Vandenberg went on: "I would be the last to say that the figures arc untouchable. 'But I do quarrel, Mr. chairman. Two Winona Firms Face U. S. Charges Federal Court Term to Open Here Tuesday Two Winona Waste he left Washing'-on last Thursday on western tour. Thc attack came In an address at Mont, last night. Mills, inc., and Schulcr face criminal 'wreoked price control, stymied when the June term of United program, virtually abol- dlstrict court opens here next Tues-ished the Labor department, tried day morning. 'to tear up the employment act of Miller Waste Mills is charged with soliciting and receiving concessions in the transportation of rail ship- ments, while Schuler Chocolates is charged with violations of the fed- eral food, drug and cosmetic act. Truman Asks Congress To Act on 3 Vital Bills By Ernest B. Vaccaro Aboard Truman Train En Route to Spokane, dent Truman today challenged the Republicans to keep Congress in session until price control, housing and farm bills are parsed. He made a slashing attack on the Republican congressional leadership mentioning the opposition party lor the first time since In two cases related to the Miller case, the Burlington railroad and the Milwaukee railroad are defend- ants, charged with delivering cars to the Miller firm without securing the Challenge to Congress The challenge to Congress to stay on the job was put In these words: "If this Congress goes away with- out passing an agricultural bill. without passing a housing bill, with- out doing something about prices, then this Cor.gress has not done anything for the country. ________ Shaking- His Fingers vigorously, Senator Arthur H. Vandenburp; (R -Mich) chairman of the Senate foreign relations committee, calls the House cut in foreign aid funds a "cynical reversa.' of American foreign policy. Senator Alben W. Barkley listens In the background at the appropriations committee hear- ing this morning in Wirephoto to The Repub- lican-Herald.) Anti-Strike Law Not Illegal, Says Wisconsin Court Madison. Wiscon- sin supreme court set aside today a circuit court decision declaring that the state's utility anti-strike law Is unconstitutional. Tho decision came In a case In- volving the Dairyland Power Co- operative which maintained that the law passed by the 1947 legislature did not apply to a cooperative as a .utility. with any reductions which subvert i "jn this case the sole Issue pre- tho principles and purposes of by pleadings is whether co- original congressional commitment. I emphatically quarrel with the final, over-all, meat-ax technique which arbitrarily spreads the net appropriations over 15 instead of 12 months which Is equivalent to a horizontal cut of 20 per cent and which, In my humble opinion, guts the enterprise." While Vanclcnberg was testifying, the proposed Soviet gold loan Tabor CR.-N. Y.) got Iran was considered solid a statement .saying he has re- tlon here, and seemed clearly en- ough to indicate Sovlrt Intentions. At any rate, tho repeated warnings operative is tion of the ic utility. Vandenberg Gets Off Presidential Spot in Hurry Senator Reed put Senator Vander.burg (R-Mlch.) .squarely on the presi- dential spot today but he didn't stav there for long. y bill of lading at the proper time. I "They should stay there _ until These four cases are the only new'they get those thinges done. cases on the criminal calendar pre- pared for the court term ai which Federal Judge Gunnar H. Nordbye, Minneapolis, will preside. Three other criminal, cases have been carried over from a previous calendar, as have three civil Jury cases and two civil court cases. Settlement Reached The only new civil case, involving a suit against the Mayo clinic, Roch- ester, will not come to trial. Al- though it appears on the calendar, a settlement has been reached. In the ten-count indictment brought hy TJ. S. District Attorney Victor Anderson against Miller Waste Mills, It Is charged that at various times in late 1945 and 1946 the firm accepted car shipments of The President left Immediately after his talk for Washington state. He will inspect Grand Coulee dam today and top a number of off-the- cuff talks with a major address at Seattle tomorrow, Four-Mile Parade The address followed a four-mile parade from, the station before a crowd estimated at Mr. Truman got out of bed at Missoula. Mont., and. clad in paja- mas and "robe, greeted the crowd that met his train. "I understand it was announced I would speak here. I am sorry I had gone to he apologized. "But, I thought I would Jet you see what I look like, even if I didn't cotton factory sweepings on my clothes." ate appropriations committee that the Economic Cooperation adminis- tration should be given funds for a fair trial and the results exam- ined later. He said he might have different" views on EGA by next it has had a surrendering the bill of lading to the railroad when "the bill of lading was in fact available." thereby "did unlawfully, accept and receive a concession whereby an advantage was given" to the de- fendant. In related counts the railroads are charged with delivering without se- curing the bill of lading. The five-count charge against Schulers contends that in candy and fho