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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 8, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Rain or Drizzle Tonight, Tuesday Partly Cloudy Have Your Paper Sent to You Daily On Your Vacation VOLUME 53, NO. 94 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JUNE 8, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Prisoner Pact Approved; Armistice Possible Tuesday; ROKs Objecting 7-Inch Rain Falls at Jackson Nine Planes Bomb Seoul SEOUL 0! Nine planes from the nortli swept over Seoul tonighl in tile biggest Red air raid of the war, dropping bombs that shook President Syngman Rhee's mansion and injured seven persons. Some of the bombs narrowly missed the Eighth Army press billets. One hundred-pound bomb hit on Premier Alcide de Gasperi, leader of the Christian Democrats, casts his vote in Rome in the hotly contested two-day Italian par- liamentary elections. De Gasperi told newsmen he is confident of victory over the Communists and their Socialist allies. Results of the election will not be known until early Tuesday. 92% of Eligible Italians to Vote By JAMES M. LONG ROME voters hurried today to choose among Commun- ism, right-wing nationalism and Christian democracy in the final hours of the bitter Italian general election. Premier Alcide de Gas- peri's pro-American government coalition hailed the heavy vote as a sign of victory. There were no major disorders, but Interior Minister Mario Scelba charged Communist rowdies with conducting organized "hunts" to prevent Roman Catholic nuns from voting. He said the Reds tried to bully the nuns out of voting or TODAY Fearful Force of H-Bomb ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP meaning of the hydrogen bomb explosion at Eniwetok is continuously expand- ed, so to speak, by the new reports that continue to come in. One such report concerns the size of the atoll which was the scene of the bomb test. Everyone has, of course, seen the published statements that 'the H-bomb de- stroyed the atoll in the inferno of its explosion. But almost everyone has assumed that this change in the world map> was relatively the lost atoll was no more than a few hundred square challenged their credentials. More than 20 million persons, about 70, per cent of Italy's voters, balloted yes- 789 eligible terday. By poll-closing time today, the turnout was expected to equal the 92.1 per cent which beat back the great Communist bid for power in 1948. The first day's voting ran slight- ly behind 1948's. At stake were the 590 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, 237 of the 243 Senate seats, and the deci- sion whether to continue Italy j along the NATO road for five more years. At Montescalose, a Communist was arrested for trying to stop his blind, 83-year-old mother from vot- ing for De Gasperi's Christian Democrats. Near Reggio Calabria, a Com- ly feet from Rhee's mansion near the capital, injuring two wom- en. Another hit just outside the billet and injured five Koreans, three seriously. One of them was a Korean newsreel photographer. The Fifth Air Force said an air field near Seoul also was bombed. The Air Force called an immed- iate air raid alert and the city was blacked out. The explosions were near Seoul's burned-out capital. The first at p. m. a. m. CST) was in the area of Presi- dent Syngman Rhee's mansion sev- eral hundred yards north of the capitol. The second, at was near the main gate of the press billets, an equal distance west of the capitol. At least, two guards were hurt there. All lights in the city went out after the first blast. Wilson Defends Cut, Says Air Force Still Tops WASHINGTON of defense Wilson said today the Jnited States will continue to have he "best air force" in the world despite controversial cut-backs in the Air Force budget. Wilson told a Senate appropria- tions subcommittee headed by Sen. "'erguson "I assure you. .most emphat cally that we are not going to lave the second-best air force. We are going to continue to have le best air force." Gen. Hoyt Vandenberg, outgoing Air Force chief of staff, spent three days before Ferguson's sub- Woman Killed In Car Mishap Due to Flood Foot of Mud Over Highway North of New Ulm committee last week assailing five billion dollar cut the Eisenhow- er administration has made in the Air Force budget recommended last January by former President .Truman. Vandenberg indicated it mumst fired five shots into a cou-l.would produce only a "second- sin who planned to vote Christian best" air force. yards of sand. Instead, it was a respectable geographical very good sized little island, apparently, with a life expectancy of many eons under normal conditions. There- it was at the beginning of the test, its palm trees waving, its shores wave-lapped. And there, at the end of the test, was only the Democrat and had tried to per- suade the Red's wife to do the same. The cousin was expected to live. It was Italy's second postwar Parliament election. De Gasperi's Christian Demo- crats and allied Liberals, Republi- cans and Moderate Socialists were pushing for at least 50.01 per cent ocean, washing over the spot of the total vote. Under Italy's new where, for .the first time in his tory, a part of the enduring archi tecture of the earth had been ut terly consumed by man-made fire This reminder of 'the fearful forces that have been let loose in the world is now timely, because of an apparently unrelated an- nouncement by Chairman Gordon Dean of the Atomic Energy Com- mission. As those who follow such matters already know, Dean an- nounced the brilliant success of the Commission's experiments with a breeder reactor.' His audience was a group of public utility engi- neers. Very few people know what a breeder reactor is. Dean said that the success with the breeder reactor was a big step on the road to atomic production of electric power for peaceful use. It all .look- ed very innocent indeed. Yet it was'not innocent at all. What a breeder reactor does, in the first place, is to "breed" increas- ing quantities of fissionable ma- terial. Uranium ore is composed of 140 atoms of stable non-fissionable U-238, and one atom of the fission- able isotope, U-235. The whole pur- pose of the gigantic Oak Ridge plant is to separate the fissionable (Continued on Page 4, Column 1) ALSOPS election law that would give the coalition bonus seats to bring' its total to per the Chamber of Deputies. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy, occasional light rain or drizzle ending tonight. Tuesday partly cloudy, no important change Wilson told the senators he was not the first secretary of defense "that has had to hold down the extravagant expenditures proposed by a military department." By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Torrential up to more than seven inches swepi southern Minnesota Sunday and Sunday night. The rain was blamed for one fatal accident. More than 100 per- sons were forced from their homes in Jackson by a flash flood. St. James was cut off by flooded high- ways. Numerous highway washouts were reported. One train was can- celled because of flood conditions. Mrs. Russell Sehler, 26, Marsh- all, was -killed-when the car her msband was driving hit a concrete bridge abutment near Sherbura. The car went through a patch of water just before reaching the bridge and Sehler's view was ob- structed. Sehler suffered cuts and leg- and chest injuries- and bis daughter. Barbara, 2, facial cuts. River Over Banks Heaviest rain was reported from the Jackson area where a Fair- mont Canning Co. gauge recorded more than seven inches. The rain sent the Des Moines River out of its banks and more than 100 persons had to flee their homes. Police Chief P. E. De Moure said the river was at its highest level in many years. Traffic was at a standstill through- out Jackson County. At St. James, volunteer workers were called out early today after 5.8, inches of rain threatened to burst through 'the, dike at the edge of St. James Lake, which had risen two feet. Both Highways 60 east and west through St. James and 4 north and south were blocked by water. Water had risen to the first row of bleacher seats in the St. James ball park. Several trees and many TV aerials were blown down by high winds Sunday evening. Heavy at Fairmont Rain in the Tri-mont area, north- west of Fairmont, was measured. UN. BEACHHEAD AT irs South Korea Will Not Obey Terms, Rhee Answers Ike Prisoners Wanting to Go Home To Be Exchanged Within 90 Days By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM last big stumbling block to a Korean.truce was swept aside today with the signing of a prisoner exchange agreement, but South Korean opposition shot toward the boiling point as their leaders vowed to continue fighting. Agreement on a full armistice in the three-year-old war could come Tuesday when Allied and Communist negotiators meet at 11 a. m. (8 p. m. today GST.) However, South Korean resident Syngman Rhee told the Associated Press, "The Korean people will pay no Map the activities of the Korean war since the North. Korean invasion of South Korea in June, 1950, to the present truce talks. (AP Wirephoto Map) Text of Ike's Letter to Rhee Canning Co., gauge. Fairmont it- self had less rain, but many base- ments were flooded. The worst flood conditions in 3 years in the 'Butterfield vicinit forced the Chicago and Nort Western Railway to cancel its noon and evening trains from the Twin Cities to Sioux la. an: Omaha. Rain was fairly general over the state, totaling more than an incl at. several other points, including Continued on Page U, Column 3 RAIN WASHINGTON is the text of President Eisenhower's tter to Syngman Rhee, president f South Korea, as released by the Tiite House: Dear Mr. President: I received on June 2 the cabled text of your communi- cation dated May 30. I have given it the careful and sym- pathetic consideration it de- serves. The Republic of Korea has engaged all of its resources, human and material, in a struggle which will go down in history as one of the epic struggles of all time. You have dedicated your all without reservation to the principles that human liberty and na- tional liberty must survive against Communist aggression, in temperature. Low tonight 52, high Tuesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 -m. Sunday: Maximum, 66; minimum, 47; noon. 66; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 74; minimum, 55; noon, 74; precipitation, .52; sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) Low temp. Sunday 58 at m. Max. temp. 72 at noon today, tfoon overcast at 000 feet, visibility 15 miles plus, wind from west southwest at 18 niles per hour with gusts up to 25, iarometer 29.75 rising, humidity 69 >er cent. 10 at Picnic Killed By Nebraska Tornado ARCADIA, Neb. tornado wiped out a farm''near Arcadia late yesterday and brought instant death to 10 persons enjoying a Sun- day family reunion there. The twister was one of at least five which hop-scotched over wide- ly scattered sections of Nebraska. Dozens of farms were damaged or destroyed, communications lines were downed and several, persons were injured, at least one of them seriously. The tornadoes largely bypassed towns and .cities. In this Central Nebraska area, the tornado hit at least six farms. The deaths were on the Mads Madsen farm five miles east of Arcadia. Assembled for their cus- tomary Sunday get-together were the Madsens, three children and five grandchildren. They apparently were in the bouse and never knew what hit them. So vicious was the tornado that Dodies were mangled and scat- tered as far as half a mile. wasn't a stick of any- thing left on the said one visitor 'to the scene. Machinery, animals and buildings were "tossed around like said another. A farm, just across the road also was leveled but six persons es- caped injury by huddling in a storm cellar. The dead were Mr. and Mrs. Madsen, about 60; their son, -Virgil Madsen, Central City, Neb.; their daughter, Mrs. Dolly Johnson, and her two children, Kenneth, 12, and Barbara, 10; and another daughter of the Madsens, Mrs. Jack Witty, and-her three children, Patty, 8; Thelma, 12, and Gary, 10. The same tornado seriously in- jured Lester Hubbard, a bachelor farmer living nearby. He was found in the wreckage of his home.. Other tornadoes hit areas in the vicinity, of Hooper in Eastern Ne- braska, near David City about 70 miles west of Omaha, and in the Albion area of Northeast Ne- braska. Still another funnel was sighted near Big Springs along the Colo- rado-Nebraska border but no dam-, age from, it was reported. Global Defense Costs Will Keep Expenses High By SAM DAWSON NEW YORK Korean truce may help to ease some of the pres- ent record high prices, but the continuing costs of an all but global defense program will keep them high. The war started in June, 1950, when the American economy was already booming along, after re- covering from the 1949 recession. Since then the story has been of joom upon boom, until recent weeks. Wages and prices chased each other upstairs.' Weekly factory earnings are at an all-time and workers will try hard to. keep them from slipping back. Personal income totals-' have soared with the war. Farm income las slipped back, but .only after armers had known their-, best in'-; come days. Farm income is now stabilizing under price Debt has soared along with'prices and income. The federal deb't.ns hreatening to punch through 'the egal ceiling. Corporate debt" has mounted as industry put on its greatest expan- ion splurge to meet both defense nd civilian needs. Bank loans to usiness are at a record.-high ;for lis time of year. Private debt, ment debt, is perched on a record eak, to the worry of some eco-' omists; At the same time, sav- ings have risen, too, with swelling age and salary More people have jobs than ever efore at this time of year. Short- ges notably of engineers. inpoint the demand for skill which le defense program has sparked. which tramples upon human dignity and which replaces na- tional sovereignty with a hu- miliating satellite status. The principles for which' your na- tion has fought and for which so many of your youth have died are principles which de- fend free men and free .nations everywhere. The United States has stood with you, and with you we have fought for those principles, .as part of the United Nations command. The blood of your youth and Our youth has been poured out on the altar of com- mon .sacrifice. Thereby we have demonstrated not only our dedication to the cause of human freedom and political liberty, but also our dedication to an equally important prin-' ciple, which is that there can- not be human liberty except as men recognize that they are bound together by ties of. com- mon destiny. Time for Decision The moment has now come when we must decide whether to carry on by warfare, a strug- gle for the unification of -.Korea or whether to pursue, this goal by political and other meth- ods. The proposed an armistice which involves a clear abandonment of the fruits of aggression. The arm- istice would leave the Repub- lic of Korea in undisputed' pos- session, of substantially the ter- ritory which the republic ad- ministered prior to the aggres- sion; indeed this territory will be somewhat enlarged, The proposed armistice, true to the principle of political asy- 'him. assures that-tbe thousands of North Koreans and Commu- nist prisoners in our hands, have seen liberty and who wish to share will have the opportunity to do so and will not be forcibly sent back into Communist areas. The princi-.. pie of political asylum is one, which we could 'not surrender even though we thereby- put an earlier end to our own human and material losses. We have suffered to- gether many thousands of cas-" ualties in support of this prin- ciple. It is my profound conviction that under these circumstances acceptance of. the armistice is required of- Nations and. the Republic of Korea. We would not- be justified in pro- longing the war with all the misery that it involves in the hope of achieving, by force; the unification of Korea. The unification of Korea is an end to which the United States is committed, not once but many times, through its (Continued on Page 16, Column 1) Minnesota Trip Still on for Ike WASHINGTON The White House said today that there is no present indication that Korean truce negotiations will interfere with President Eisenhower's planned speech- making and vacation, trip later this week. Press Secretary James C, Hagerty-gave that-answer in response to questions at his news conference. Eisenhower is scheduled to leave Wednesday for Minnesota and the Dakotas. Fighting Slows Down All Along Front in Korea dwindled to a Handful-of small-ground clashes- today as Allied and Red truce de- legates' agreed on prisoner ex- change, last major block to an armistice. However, air action broke out furiously Monday. U. S. Sabre jets covering a Sabre fighter-bomber attack on 'a Manchurian frontier dam reported shooting down- three Red probab'ly destroying a fourth and "damaging three more. The bombers slashed into the Suiho power installations with eight tons of bombs. High above them the fighters flashed in battle with MIGs which tried to interfere. Capt. Ralph S. Parr, of Apple Valley, Calif., was credited with two of the MIG kills and one dam- aged. They were his first. On the ground Allied infantry- men Monday .tossed back seven small predawn Red probes against two Eastern" Front main-line tions. and five outposts scattered' 155-mile rain soaked Elsewhere six Allied across the battlefront. patrols skirmished briefly with small Red groups in no man's land. An American F94 Starfire night fighter plane shot down a Commu- nist night-flying jet that tired to interfere with B29 bombers plaster- ing a Red supply and'fuel storage area'at Namsi in'Northwest Korea. Governor Names State Librarian ST. PAUL Mrs. Margaret Andrews, Lindstrom, was appoint- ed today by Gov. Anderson as Min- nesota's new state librarian. She succeeds Mrs. Josephine W. Smith, Minneapolis, who died last week. Mrs. Andrews will .take office IKE'S LETTER Tuesday. The .two-year term ex- pires June 1, 1955. The new librarian is a native of Pine Island, .Goodhue County. she was graduated from the University, of Minnesota law school-and-was admitted to the bar. She has spent several years as an" assistant in law offices. Mrs. Andrews also has served as assistant clerk of the House judiciary committee in the Legis- president of the Library Board at Lindstrom for the past 15 and; as bookkeeper and office manager of the Lindstrom Co-operative Association for 14 years. Since 1945 she has been secretary of the Republican party in .Minnesota... She will resign as I secretary. attention" to the impending armis- tice. Rhee told AP Photographer Fred WateiC: "Our boys are fighting the Com- munists at the front, and now they want to open the back door and let the Communists in that way." The South Korean cabinet and National Assembly crisis commit- tee resolved to disregard any truce under present terms and keep fighting. Anti armistice demonstrations, parades and mass meetings throughout South. Korea were scheduled for 9 a. m. Tuesday (5 p. m. today a govern- ment spokesman said., Ttrms Explained The prisoner agreement provides that of the Allied and Red captives, those wanting to return home will be exchanged within 60 days after a truce is signed. Communist prisoners who stead- fastly refuse repatriation will be released as civilians in South Ko- rea 120 days after a cease-fire. .--The1' in ac- cord with the Allied principle, of voluntary that "no force or threat of force shall be used against" the either Allied or Communist-held. A. total of Chinese and Koreans in U.N. pris- on camps' have indicated they will refuse repatriation. The figure wai revised downward from a total. A last-minute message from President Eisenhower to Rhee said he felt the U.N, and South Korea were "required" to accept the present terms and warned Rhee against any "-reckless adventure" by South Korea's armed might. However, South Korean reacted with sharp resentment. No Change in Policy "There will be absolutely no change in our one high government source declared. In Washington, government of- ficials were reported gravely con- cerned whether South Korea would observe a cease-fire in the bloody 3-year-old war that has cost a total of Red and Allied casual- ties. The prisoner 'agreement was signed, without ceremony in the tiny truce hut by the chief dele- U.N. command's Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr. and Communist Gen. Nam U. It came suddenly at 2 p.m. The news spread swiftly to Allied troops in the trenches and. foxholes along the 155-mile front. Their immediate reaction: "When do we go U.N. troops won't be leaving Ko- rea, however, until peace comes to this maybe years away. Only minor administrative mat- ters now stand in the way of an armistice and there was little doubt at Panmunjom that an his- toric truce would be reached short- ly. that's only a cease- fire prelude to for which may take many months, or years. Under the agreement, a neutral nations com mi s s io n of India, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden and Switzerland, would take'cus- tody of the captives in Al- lied hands who refuse to return to." their Communist homelands. Red agents.will be permitted to "make explanations" to those pris- oners. Captives who still refuse repa- triation .after 90 days of explana- tions will be turned over to a poli- tical conference.'.of belligerent na- tions. After 30 days' discussion by the conference, those who still spurn Communism will then be given civilian .status and opportunity to I go to neutral nation. ;