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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 6, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Cooler Tonight; Sunday Cloudy, Warmer VOLUME 53, NO. 93 Waseca at Winona 8 p. m. Sunday Hear it over KWNO SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 6, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Tank er Cut Another Truce Meeting Sunday Hopes Bolstered For Early Korean Armistice PANMUNJOM Allied and Communist negotiators met in tight secrecy for 19 minutes today as mushrooming reports of near agreement on the key issue of pris- oner exchange bolstered hopes for an armistice in Korea. There was no official hint of what went on inside the conference hut, but an authoritative South Korean source said "No new pro- posal was made by either side." The Reds asked for and got a recess until 11 a. m. tomorrow (9 p. m. EST The South Korean source progress might be made then. He described the atmosphere in- side the conference hut today as 'neither bad." good nor Other observers said the U. N. Command probably asked for clar- ification of an hour-long statement read Thursday by North Korean Gen. Nam II. proposal Acceptable This was reported to have been a counter-proposal virtually para- phrasing the latest U. N. plan for breaking the long prisoners ex- change deadlock, last major bar- rier to a Korean truce. The Reds were said to have suggested five changes, none of them major. In Western and Communist cap- itals around the world hopes mounted that the end of the bloody Korean War was in before the conflict winds up its third year on June 25. There was optimism even in Moscow where the official govern- ment newspaper' Izvestia said it "is clear that the sides participat- ing in the talks are extremely close to signing an agreement Only in South Korea was there deep gloom. President Syngman Rhee voiced further violent objections Saturday to the reported armistice terms and unveiled a counter-proposal he sent to President Eisenhower. Only a few hours earlier, how- ever, Rhee declared in a recorded interview that "we would accept almost any proposal the United States asks of us because the United States is the only friendly nation which has done so much for us in the past and who will do much more for us in the future." Meet in Secrecy Truce negotiators have met in secrecy since Lt, Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., handed the Commu- nists on May 25 a "now or never" plan to break the prisoner ex- change deadlock. After Saturday's session Lt. Col. Milon Herr, official U. N. spokes- man, would say only that the meet- ings were still in executive session. This places the cloak of secrecy around at least the opening of Sun- day's session. One source here said negotiators might be waiting until all loose ends are tied up before any announcement is made. South Korea's truce delegate, Maj. Gen. Choi Duk Shin, again boycotted Saturday's session. The boycott, which began with the May 25 session, is to protest armistice terms Rhee and other South Korean government leaders have branded a Ike Confers With Military, State Leaders WASHINGTON UP) President Eisenhower met with military and civilian chiefs today on the latest Korean developments. Called to the White House at a. m. (CST) were Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army chief :of staff, and Frank C. Nash, assist- ant secretary of defense. Nash was appearing in place of Secretary of Defense Charles E. Wilson, who was out of town. The conference lasted a little more than an hour. There was no announcement of any decisions. "death sentence" and a "sellout." himself." Battle Over Air Force Cut Nears Showdown Stage By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON Fergu- son (R-Mich) said today he hopes Democratic senators "don't make a political matter" of the sizzling dispute about Air Force cutbacks. Ferguson, chairman of the appro- priations subcommittee now con- sidering new funds and spending limits on all defense agencies, said in an interview that even the Eisenhower budget might be safely "reduced in some items." Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, retir- ing Air Force head, concluded late yesterday three full days of testi- mony in opposition to cutbacks proposed for the Air. Force in the Eisenhower budget. These would trim former Presi- dent Truman's request for' new funds by five billion dollars and lower the 1955 air power goal from 143 to 120 wings. Vandenberg insisted that a 143- wing Air Force is the minimum level needed to meet the threat of expanding Soviet Russian air pow- er. A wing contains from 30 heavy bombers to 75 smaller aircraft. Secretary of Defense Wilson, who engineered the Air Force cutback with the aid of Deputy Secretary of Defense Kyes and Assistant Secre- tary of Defense McNeil, will return to the Senate committee's witness stand Monday. Asked to comment on Vanden- berg's testimony, Wilson said: "I think the people will be surprised to know how close together we are." Speaking at the Iowa State Bar Association meeting in Sioux City last night, Wilson said funds avail- able to the Air Force "are ample to continue a rapid buildup in its effective strength." He said the money program had been analyzed not only by defense officials "but by the National Se- curity Council and the President Wiley, Smith Endorse Allied Far East Pact Would Be Like NATO Agreement In Atlantic By JACK BELL WASHINGTON Wi- ley (R-Wis) and H. Alexander Smith (R-NJ) endorsed today a proposal by Sen. Taft (R-Ohio) that the U. S. seek a military alliance with Britain, France and other allies to counter Communism in the Far East. Wiley, chairman of the Senate F o r g n Relations Committee said in an interview he thinks an alliance similar to the North At- lantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Europe ought to be formed in the Pacific. But whereas Taft suggested the U. S. "disentangle" itself from the U. N. to form such a Far Eastern pact, Wiley said it ought to be undertaken under the U. N. char- ter's provision for regional arrange- ments. "We have separate treaties with Australia, New Zealand, Japan and The Wiley noted. "The time is coming when all of these nations should be drawn, along with England and France, into a NATO for the Pacific." In a separate statement, Wiley said U. S. allies in Europe have "sharply increased their defense expenditures" in the lait three years despite slim pocketbooks and said this held out hope that even those NATO allies with fewest resources "are pulling and will continue to pull their full share of our mutual security load." Smith, who heads a foreign rela- tions subcommittee on the Far East said he always had been .in favor of "stronger mutual security agreements in the Far East." He said this might take the form of a military alliance such as Taft suggested. But the New Jersey senator said he has some doubt that the U. S. would want to agree, as it did in the NATO pact, that an attack on any one of the mem- bers would be regarded as an at- tack on all. He pointed out that the French already are under Communist at- tack in Indochina, adding that he doesn't believe this country, would j-want to send troops to that area I although it already is helping the I French with military supplies. "I am glad to see that Taft wants the British and French included in any collective security arrange- ment in the Smith said. Ike Takes Only Belching Dense smoke and flame, the oil tanker Pan Massa- chusetts lies in the water of Delaware River near Wilmington, Del., today after it collided with another super tanker, the Phoenix, which also exploded and burned photo to The Republican-Herald) to the water's edge. (AP Wire- Rhee's counter-proposal for: 1. Withdrawal of all foreign and Korea. 2. Immediate and automatic U. S. intervention in the event South Korea is again attacked. 3. An adequate supply of arms, ammunition and other supplies to strengthen South Korea's armed forces. 4. Continued participation by U. S. air and naval forces until the South Koreans are able to take over. Rhee declared, "If this proposal is unacceptable we must be al- lowed to continue to fight." And in Washington, South.Korea's ambassador, Dr. You Chan Yang said "If the United Stales does not accept the counter-proposals, we won't sign the truce." U. N. officials in Tokyo said this not delay an armistice since only Gen. Mark Clark, the supreme U. N. commander, must sign for the United Nations Command. Allied negotiators were said to feel that Rhee's government will go along reluctantly and will not physically resist a truce. The war.almost 3 years old, has cost the Allies more than casualties and the Communists about men killed, wounded and captured. The Reds have listed officially only about prisoners in their camps. The U. N. Command holds about Chinese and North Korean prisoners who want to re- turn home and who refuse to go back to their Communist homeland. called "I know of no one in the whole world" more competent to judge such matters than our Wilson said. "Apparently I am in the peculiar position of a son who goes to his dad for money and his dad insists on the son taking more money than he wants or needs or even thinks is good for him." Ferguson's comment came after he had listened to a series of ques- tions put to Vandenberg by .com- mittee Democrats, including Hill of Alabama, McClellan of Arkansas and Maybank.of South Carolina. Their questions indicated they might fight' to restore the long- range 143-wing goal and whatever billions that goal needed. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Clearing and cooler tonight, lowest 46. Sun- day partly cloudy and warmer. Highest in afternoon 74. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 63; minimum, 54; noon, 62; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp, 62 at p. m. Friday, min. 54 at a. m. to: day. Noon readings sky over- cast with breaks at feet, vi- sibility 15 miles, wind 8 miles per hour from northwest, baro- meter 30.00 steady, humidity 57 per cent. Of Invasion Day WASHINGTON UP) President Eisenhower, who as supreme Al- lied commander directed the in- vasion of Normandy nine years ago. took only casual notice of the anniversary today. Press Secretary James Hagerty told reporters the President men- tioned to some of his staff .mem- bers Friday night that today would be the anniversary of the Normandy invasion, but made no plans for any observance. The President began the day with an important conference on Korea, but had no official engage- ment list for the first time in many weeks. He left the White House to play golf at Maryland's Country Club. Rhee Submits Own Plan for Ending Conflict SEOUL Syngman Rhee today unveiled his own plan for ending the fighting in Korea. The South .Korean executive called it a counter-proposal to an expect- ed truce agreement "unacceptable" to his-government. Rhee said if his proposal is not accepted "We must be allowed to continue to fight." The South Korean counter-pro- posal calls for withdrawal of both Communist and Allied troops from Korea with the understanding that U. S. aid will be "automatic and instantaneous" in event of any attack upon Korea. It also asked the U. S. to main- tain its present air and naval forces in Korea and to supply arms, ammunition and logistical support to South Korea's armed forces. A government spokesman said the plan was sent to President Eisenhower by Rhee about June 1 and that it represents South Ko- rea's present position. South Korea opposes any truce agreement that does not provide for unification of the nation. Actually only Gen. Mark Clark, as U. N. commander, nees to sign the truce for the Allied side to make it official. Stevenson Visits Camps in Israel JERUSALEM Steven- son, United States Democratic leader, continuing his world tour, today visited refugee camps in the Jericho district and the Holy places in the Jordan part of Jeru- salem. He was accompanied by Joseph Green, United States Ambassador in Jordan and high ranking offi- cials at the embassy. Stevenson arrived in Amman, Jordan Capital Friday from Da- mascus. He is scheduled to spend the night in Jerusalem and Sunday will cross the no man's land in divided Jerusalem into the Israeli section. Fireworks Blast Kills 4 in Texas, 73 Persons Hurt HOUSTON, Tex. pounds of holiday fireworks ex- ploded here yesterday, killing four people, injuring 73 others and causing damage estimated at three million dollars. Mayor Roy Hofheinz immediately ordered an investigation as to why the explosives were stored inside the city limits. The explosion smashed practi- Officer Accused Of Ordering Men To Shoot Korean smashed practi- cally everything in the block sur- rounding the Alco Fireworks and Specialty Company warehouse. At least a dozen homes blazed, fired by flying wreckage. Other homes gaped openly on crowd-filled streets, their windows ripped out, roofs stripped and sides sheared away. v The blast was accompanied by a towering mushroom cloud of white smoke..' The cause apparently can be traced to a hammer being used by Kenneth E. Williams, 35, Alco's general manager. He had _ minor injuries. He was driving nails into the framework 'of a pressed-paper display containing explosives. "I either -hit the gerb (cyl- inder) with the hammer or struck a spark off one of the Wil- liams said. "The whole place was blown up in 15 seconds." The charred bodies of the four By FORREST EDWARDS TAEGU, Korea, Saturday UP! An Air Force officer was arrested today and accused of ordering two enlisted men to shoot a Korean at an Allied air base in South Korea last September. Col. -Jerome L. Loewenberg, Fifth Ar Force judge advocate, said Lt. George C. Scbreiber, 25, was arrested at an air base near Pusan and charged with premedi- tated murder and conspiracy to commit premeditated murder. Records in Loewenberg's office showed that Schreiber had entered killed were found in the ruins of the service at Chicago but his a small cottage that ,had stood only 20 feet from the warehouse. Two young husbands were stunned when they learned of the deaths -at a hospital. John Walton, a clothing store department manager, was in an emergency room corridor when a loudspeaker called him. He col- lapsed when he was told his entire family had burned to. death. They were his wife Jean, 25 and their two children, Cathy, 4, and John Gurnade M. Barziza, 24-year-old hotel auditor, identified the body of his wife, Jessie Jane, 22, through a wedding band and engagement ring and bits of charred clothing. A Stream Of Water shoots over ruins of a fire- works factory in Houston, Tex., after an explo- sion wrecked the place least persons and injuring many others. A number of glass, windows in the River Oaks shopping, center, a mile from the explosion shattered by the blast. The Alco factory which exploded plans and produces commercial fireworks dis- plays. It is about two miles directly west of downtown Houston. (AP Wirephpto) home address was not immediately available. He was the third man arrested in the case. The other two, arrested in the United States and returned to Ko- rea for future trial, are Robert W. Toth, 21, a discharged airman-who was 'back five days-.after his arrest at a Pittsburgh steel plant May 13, and Airman First Class Thomas L. Kinder, 21, ar- rested at a Wisconsin 'air base March 10 and returned to Korea May 26. Toth and Kinder are charged with premeditated murder and con- spiracy to commit premeditated murder. Toth, in addition, is charged with assault, with intent to do great bodily harm. Loewenberg said Schreiber al- legedly ordered the shooting of Bang Soon Kil last Sept. 27 after Bang was apprehended by Kinder in a restricted area on an air base near Pusan. After the alleged order from Schreiber, Loewentierg said, Toth allegedly selected an empty revet- ment on the base for the shooting and Kinder allegedly did the actual shooting. s m Firemen Help Save 37 Chinchillas MT. VERNON, 111. Ver- non fire fighters have added an- other service to the duties of'fire- smoke eaters who rescue cats from trees and small" boys from locked bathrooms. They administered artificial res- piration to 37 chinchillas Friday. The "furry rodents, valued at by their "owner, John Loss, were trapped by fire thattfswept their air-conditioned buildings. Firemen rushed in and carried ,the chinchillas to safety, many of: them limp and unconscious. They were revived by usual ar- tificial .respiration methods, .and a cylinder of oxygen. Loss said 'the .animals were "doing, well" {today....... North Koreans Pierce Line Held by ROKs By FORREST EDWARDS SEOUL Ufi A beefed-up North Korean battalion ripped through a main line Allied position on the Eastern Front today and held stub- bornly against counterattacking South Koreans. Some 750 to Reds overran three ROK outposts ahead of the main line, then slammed through the ling itself in four' spots east of Luke's Castle, where bloody -fight- ing has raged for a week, the Eighth Army said. Another North Korean battalion tore into a South Korean outpost on Bloody Ridge on the East-Cen- tral Front. The ROKs met the at- tack ahead of the outpost but were hurled back in desperate hand-to- hand fighting, the Army said. Two prongs of the attack on Luke's Castle area penetrated the main 'Allied line about 500 yards apart, caving in South Korean positions. Advance 500 Yards The Reds drove 500 yards into Allied territory, an Eighth Army briefing officer reported. Counter-attacking ROK 12th Di- vision battle almost steadily since last Monday slammed the Reds back about 250 yards but were cut short as the North Koreans hurled grenades from higher slopes. At last report the raged through the at close range. On Bloody Ridge, the furiously- attacking Communists stormed the outpost slopes and, at last report, the ROKs had withdrawn to the Outpost Center and were stream- ing mortar and artillery fire on the Reds. On the Western Front, other South Korean troops killed an es- timated 100 of 300 Chinese who attacked an outpost southwest' of Kelly Hill before midnight' Friday. The Reds pounded the'outpost with mortar and artillery shells in the 2Vi There was, speculation the Com- munists stepped up the fighting along the Eastern and East-Cen- tral signs that a truce may be two reasons: 1. To gain ground for the time when a buffer zone between the present battlelines is set up after a truce. 2. To weaken the South Koreans, who man that part of the front. The South Koreans have threatened to continue the fighting 'in the event'of a truce. Meanwhile, small Chinese forces probed an American division; in the Panmunjom sector on the ex- treme Western Front and withdrew after short-harassing actions. Allied aerial strikes over North Korea were hampered by heavy overcast Saturday morning and early afternoon, but 32 fighter-, bombers using electronic aiming devices hit scattered Red frontline points. Small flights of. Sabre Jets prowled south of the-Yalu River but did not spot any Communist MIGs. Farmer Killed in Fall From Tractor LEWISVDLLE, UH'_- A 23- year-old Lewisville farmer, Bur- detfe Spitzer, was 'kille'd- late-Fri- day he fell from a tractor he was driving and was wedged between the tractor body and a wheeL sion Fire Engulfs Both Craft in Delaware Bay 82 Crewmen Saved, One Man Dead, Three Missing WILMINGTON, Del. W-One of America's largest seagoing tank ships was sliced in two late Fri- day night in a collision with an- other giant oil carrier in Dela- ware Bay. Eighty two crewmen, of 86 aboard the two ships that burst quickly into flames, leaped into the- water or boarded lifeboat! and were rescued. The Red Cross listed one man dead and three missing. The bow of the tanker Phoenix sank in the Delaware River 40 miles south of Philadelphia. Still flaming at dawn, the ship lay' a blackened and charred hulk a few hundred yards from the New Jer- sey shore. Few Years Old Only a few years old, the Phoe- nix had a capacity of nine million gallons of petroleum products and when she was launched was the nation's largest. A shiplength or two away, the tanker Pan Massachu- setts burned fiercely. -Her main deck had sunk almost to the water level and her keel was on or close to the bottom. The ships, costing several mil- lion dollars each, appeared to be complete wrecks. Both were owned and operated by the National Bulk Company of New York. Signals Mixed The collision appeared to have resulted from a mixup in signals between the two ships Amoving in opposite directions, survivors said. The high rescue percentage was a tribute to a night of heroic wori by the Coast. Guard, and residents and volunteer groups on both sides of the river-bay. Summoned by flame-lit skies, many persons manned small boats to cruise as close as possible to the wreck, picking up swimming sailors. Some crewmen swam to shore on each side of the river. Most of the crewmen suffered shock, burns or minor injuries. Laredo Fears Water Crisis LAREDO, Tex. chair- man of the state Board of Water Engineers met with worried city and county water officials today in an attempt to get the.Rio Grande flowing past Laredo again. The broad shallow stream com- pletely dried up Wednesday for tin first time in at least 50 years. The city and nearby Laredo Air Force Base faced the prospect of no water for domestic use even for drinking. All irrigation pumps here and downstream were shut down: Laredo municipal pumps were drawing a trickle from a small pond, in, the river bed near the intake- pumps. When the pond is dry only a small emergency sup- ply in two tanks will' remain. The city appealed to Gov. Allan S'nivers Friday, asking his help in shutting down upstream irrigation pumps so the river will flow again. Wisconsin B P Women Nominate GREEN LAKE, Wis. m Miss Leona Grunwald of Two Rivers was nominated without opposition today for state president of the Business and Professional Wom- en's Clubs.: Also unopposed was Miss Edith Zipse of Beloit for first vice-presi- dent. With other new officers to be elected, during, the day, they will be installed tonight by Miss Grace B. Daniels, Kingston, Pa., third vice president of the national body. Rosenbergs Ask For New Trial NEW, YORK (tfi A motion for a new' trial on the basis of new evidence was filed in Federal Court today'by: defense counsel for atom spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg in. the latest of many moves to save them from the electric chair. Attorney Emanuel H. Bloch con- tended the evidence would show that David Greenglass, brother of Mrs. Rosenberg, and Greenglass' wife, Ruth, committed perjury as prosecution witnesses. Judge 'Irving- R. the trial judge'who sentenced the Ros- enbergs to death, is scheduled to hear the new defense motions Mon- day afternoon or Tuesday morn- ing. 1 ;