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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 6, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Cooler' Tonight and Saturday Flash Gordon Moon Mullins Start Monday VOLUME 52, NO. 94 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 6, 1952 EIGHTEEN PAGES TODAY iWhat Does Ike Like? U.N. Won't Give Speech, Two To Red POW Stevenson Draft if Taft Wins By JOSEPH ALSOP WASHINGTON the intense excitement of the Republican race, people tend to forget that the Dem- ocrats have also got to nominate a presidential candidate this year., But I, mM wilt Ihe 1I..I 'j VK.S wMe Press Conferences Give Partial Answer By WARREN ROGERS JR. WASHINGTON nation today had Dwight D. Eisenhower's answer, expressed in a formal speech and two news conferences this week, to the political poser: "What does Ike The thousands of words that came out of those three sessions con- Demand, Report Repatriation Would Destroy ideals, Says Harrison Dakota and California, the Demo-' cratic outlook is also extremely in-1 teresting. j Sen. Estes Kefauver's triumphs j in both primaries would normally place him well out in the lead for the Democratic nomination in all circumstances. As a practical fact, however, Kefauver's own mana- gers concede that if Sen. Robert A. Taft is the Republican choice, the Democratic Party is almost bound to draft Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois. If Taft is nominated, the surge of feeling will be too strong, the Kefauver people admit, for their own forces or for the reluct- ant Illinois Governor to withstand. On the other hand, the Kefauver- ites are extremely confident, and with some reason, that their man will get the Democratic nomina- tion if Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is the Republican choice. Nor are they at all discontented by this second-best outlook. They have al- ready parlayed a television reputa- tion into a major Presidential can- didacy. With a bit more parlaying, and a lot of emphasis on Gen. Eisenhower's domestic conservat- ism, they think Kefauver may even be elected. Senator's Chances The way they figure the sena- tor's chances for the nomina- tion is simple enough. They think he will go into the Democratic con- vention with close to 400 delegates, which will be a lot more delegates than any one else. Most of these, moreover, will be faithful support- ers. The Kefauver delegate slates have been recruited from the polit- ical Adullamites. Most of them have no other allegiance, and few of them have enough independent standing to start trading on their own. The senator's strategists figure, further, that both Gov. Stevenson and President Truman will be un- available, even for a draft, if Gen. Eisenhower is the Republican choice. They do not fall into the sommon error of thinking the llli- Governor fears to run against }he General. They know, rather, Stevenson is strictly a mid- dle-of-the-road Democrat, who can- not wage the kind of straight Left- Wing campaign that will be needed against Eisenhower. As for the President, he refused the invitation of Democratic Na- tional Chairman Frank McKinney By GEORGE A. McARTHUR MUNSAN, Korea truce negotiators said today the U.N. Command never will follow the path of "betrayal, force and blood- of the Army. He covered foreign shed" by bowing to Red demands and domestic topics and touched for' blanket repatriation of some on politics and Jiis chances for Allied-held war prisoners. Steel Settlement Talks Progressing was on active duty as a General A Highland dance atop a plat- form on a drum is one of the numbers the University of Iowa Scottish Highlanders will give on their two-month European tour starting in July. The Aberdeen, Scotland, town coun- cil rejected offer by the bag- pipe band to play there, say- ing the coeds from Iowa City, la., make a mockery of Scot- land's national instrument and dress, but later reversed its stand after five Aberdeen bus- inessmen offered to pay the girls' expenses. (AP Wire- photo) to keynote the convention, for the specific reason that he did not want any draft-Truman talk to get started. Although a delegate him- self, the President does not plan to attend the Democratic rally un- til some one has been named to succeed him. Then, as he has said, he will only appear to "deliver the valedictory." And in the last fort- night, when pressed by National Chairman McKinney and New York State Chairman Paul Fitzpa- trick, Truman has sworn he would not accept a draft under any cir- cumstances. Because of his previous reverses, Sen. Robert Kerr is also crossed off as at best a vice presidential possibility. If Kerr, Truman and Stevenson are thus discounted, on- ly two major candidates are left among the Democrats. These are Army Worried Over Cost of Steel Strike success in the Republican presi- dential-nomination race. Here, arranged chronologically and by topics, are some of the words into which Eisenhower put his thoughts: FOREIGN AFFAIRS The United States and (Pentagon news conference Tues- day) "The chances of a deliberately provoked war are not great, but satellite wars (of the) 'powder keg' variety always keep us very watch- ful (Abilene speech Wednesday) ".I believe we can have peace with honor (Abilene news conference Thurs- "If we allow western Europe to fall within the Communistic or- bit we will be in mortal danger." The Far East and day) "Korea and Indochina are just as important to us in their implications as any other sector of the world." (Wednesday) 'China was lost to Hie free world in one of the greatest international disasters of our time type of tragedy that must not be (Thursday) "The party in power has to take some responsibility (for the loss of China) I do not have any prescription for bringing the thing (the Korean war) to a decisive end because with the (enemy) buildup I don't think it would be possible for our forces The prisoner issue is blocking negotiations at Panmunjom for a Korean armistice. j Maj. Gen. William K. Harrison, chief U.N. delegate, said accept- ance of the Communist proposal would "mean an abandonment of the principle of human rights." "Neither now nor in the future do we intend to be a party to such a he declared. North Korean Gen. Nam II said Allied refusal to repatriate pris- oners who do not want to go home is "devoid of any reason, any pre- cedent and any legal basis j He said the U.N. plan would not be "tolerated by an opposing belliger- j ent who stands on an equal footing I with the opposing side." Long Tirade j Nam's long tirade included char- i ges that Allied planes have bombed and strafed prison camps in North Korea and that Red prisoners on Koje island have been slaughtered, j "Who has cut off the rations of i war he asked. "Who has been incessantly slaughtering war prisoners like cattle with bay- onets, machineguns, flame throw- ers and Nam repeatedly charged Allied violations of the Geneva Conven- tion, to which neither Red China nor North Korea subscribe. His remarks brought a sharp re- tort from Harrison, who declared: "You have cloaked your failure to observe international law with to carry through a decisive victory to prisoners of war by re- I believe we have got to_stand assertine that vou have firm and try to get a decent armistice Foreign aid and military strength "I fought for more air power than was ever granted us We must devise a plan that minimizes expenses, that keeps us in a respectable posture of defense I have never personally under- stood how UMT (universal military training) and selective service could operate hand in hand." (Wednesday) believe we can peatedly asserting that you have observed the 'best spirit' of the covenant. "Is it in your self-proclaimed 'best spirit' that you have reported to Geneva only 110 out of at least prisoners? "Is it in accordance with the 'best spirit' that you have incor- porated thousands of captured per- sonnel into your armed forces? 'Best Spirit' "Is it in accordance with this same 'best spirit' that you have look forward to decreasing future callously denied access to your costs without sacrificing the essen-j POW camps by an international tials of reasonable goals Each By ELTON C. FAY Associated Press Military Affairs Reporter WASHINGTON Army is expressing concern over the impact of the steel strike on its tank pro- duction program. During the last two months, a spokesman said today in answer to questions, the "production picture has improved greatly." But, he said, the steel strike step toward real unification of Eu- rope is a major victory Mili- tary, as well as all other (budget) benevolent society? "And can you possibly dis- tort the 'best spirit' of any cove- nant into your vicious refusal to DOMESTIC AFFAIRS The federal requirements must be calculated j effect a mutual exchange of seri- in an atmosphere of cold logic I ously sick and injured prisoners of I war? "When you have answered these nesday) "Political health is en-1 questions to our satisfaction we dangered if one party, by whatever may place some credence in your means, becomes permanently or I 'best spirit' interpretation of the too long entrenched in power Geneva Convention." One party has been in power tool Before the fruitless 58-minute long in this country, aroused citizens can end Only session began Communist staff offi- real! cers filed a formal complaint that _.. ____ ___ threats to our j an Allied artillery barrage landed "will have an adverse effect on j inflation, excessive taxation, bu-j near the truce talk site, Panmun- tank production, an effect which Happy Men of the U. S. Naval Academy Class of 1952 toss their midshipmen hats in the air at Dahlgren Hall today as graduation exercises end- ed. This class of 783 is the fifth largest to gradu- ate from the academy at Annapolis, Maryland at one time. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) Taft Believes Own Chances Improved CINCINNATI Robert A. Taft of Ohio believes his chances for the Republican presidential nomination have been improved since Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower's speech at Abilene, Kan., Wednesday. The Ohio senator didn't elaborate but that was the answer he gave to a question put to him last night on a radio broadcast of "Re- porters' Roundup." The senator was questioned dur- ing the broadcast by Joseph Sag- master, associate editor of the Cin- cinnati Times-Star; Joseph Garret- son, Cincinnati Enquirer column- ist, and Robert L. Riggs, political writer for the Louisville Courier- Journal. Discussion of Gen. Eisenhow- er's speech also brought a state- ment from Taft that he had the impression the general favors re- peal of the Taft-Hartley Act. "The implication is that he fa- vors the repeal of the 'Taft, said. "That seems to be the neces-1 er Soviet ambassador' at London, Red Ambassador To U. S. Leaving WASHINGTON Russian Am- bassador Alexander Panyushkin announced today he is returning to Russia. U. S. diplomatic offi- cials said Georgi M. Zarufain, form- sary conclusion." Taft added, however, that "I hope that I'm wrong in my under- has been selected to replace Pan- yushkin here. Zarubin was summoned back to reaucracy. Horn, Thursday and that three civ- He reiterated that standing of what Gen. Eisenhower I Moscow from London May 29. His will become progressively worse (Thursday) "Our were wounded by shell frag- fte jaw the most effective way the longer the strike lasts." needs a searching going over by which hurtled into the neu- today of stopping strikes." On the subject of the war in Korea, Sen. Taft said, "I would try to make peace even though it may be an unsatisfactory peace." Declaring the Korean affair had been Taft said there is "great risk in resuming general war with the Chinese Corn- Tank building represents one of someone who has no obligation to the military's major needs 20 years of building-up that! Allied_ officers promised an in- steel. To make one of the new T41 has been going on. We need a complete overhaul." Communists in government- ,a-m- tomorrow (9 p.m., EST, Sen. Richard Russell, who cannot i the total amount of light, medium get Northern support, and W. Av-1 and heavy tanks for the current erell Harriman, a late entry, not production program. light tanks which weighs 28 tons, together with spare parts, a total, of pounds of steel must be (Thursday) "No one could be more j Friday.) on hand; a medium tank of about determined than I am that 48 tons needs pounds. Silent on Total The Army declined to disclose The delegates will meet again at taken seriously as yet by many Democratic leaders, and poison to the Southerners because of his forthright pro-New Deal-Fair Deal- civil rights stand. See Real Threat In this situation, the Kefauver strategists think that the real dan- ger to their man will come from However, in recent testimony be- fore a congressional committee Gen. J. Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff, remarked that if Congress went through with a planned cut in the military budget for the next fiscal year starting July 1 the Army would have to "eliminate over medium tanks" from its program. such presently inactive candidates j He said that would mean "we as Vice President Alben Barkley could build only 300 tanks for our and Speaker of the House Sam Army during the entire fiscal Rayburn. If they could each re- year." move a decade from their ages, both Rayburn and Barkley would be leading Presidential possibili-' ties already. The widespread hatred of Sen. Kefauver, both among Democratic congressional leaders and organi- zation chieftains, might well cause the convention to- name either Barkley or Rayburn as a "care- taker candidate" against Eisen- hower. Vice President Barkley has hopefully invited just such a devel- opment, by persuading the Ken- tucky Democrats to name two Ne- groes and three labor leaders as Carrying his estimate beyond that point, Collins asserted this in turn would mean that no spare modern tanks could be supplied to any overseas troops, including those in combat in Korea, and that there would be almost an 80 per cent shortage in requirements for newly developed tanks for army forces in the United States. In mentioning the improved tank delivery rate during the last two months, a spokesman said: Some to Troops "For example, Cadillac's produc- tion of the T41E1 (improved ver- Kentucky delegates-at-large a sions of the first model of the truly remarkable development. But light tank) and Detroit Arsenal's the Kefauver managers point out that if the Democrats make the Barkley-Rayburn type of choice, it only be because dislike for. Kefauver is so strong among the senior men in the party. They point out further than when the chips are down, most people refuse to cut off their noses in or- der to spite their faces. They ar- gue, therefore, that Sen. Kef- auver's power as a vote-getter will bring the convention around in the ind. production of M47 medium tanks have been at, Of above, scheduled levels. In addition, substantial quantities of M47s have been issued to troops." In addition to the Detroit Arsenal the M47 is being produced by the Schenectady, N.Y., plant of the American Locomotive company. At Wilmington, Del., the first heavy tank for combat use is being produced by the Chrysler Corp. which also operates the Detroit Ar- senal for the Army. kind of Communistic, -i influence be uprooted from respon-i UDya rights I ypflUS sible places in pur government I believe that can be done with- out besmirching the reputation of any innocent man Government powers (Wednes- TRIPOLI, Libya Liby- an health ministry is fighting a widespread typhus fever outbreak. More than 80 .f ases were reported in a four-week period in Cyrenaica (Continued on Page 9, Column A.) I in districts as far apart as Ageda- EISENHOWER bia and Tobruk. Robert Nishiyama, Japanese student at Lafayette College, Easton, Pa., and his family were a happy group at the Lafayette commencement today as Nishiyama received the degree of bachelor of arts. Nishiyama is holding his daughter Rhonda, five, and Mrs. Nishiyama the son Robert, one. Nishiyama studied at Lafayette under a scholarship established with the GI insurance of Robert Johnstone, a Lafayette student, who was killed on Luzon while fighting the Japanese. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) munists." The Ohio senator renewed his plea for a strong air force which he said was necessary to protect the nation. He said it was "per- fectly ridiculous" to send ten bil- lion dollars to aid Europe at the expense of a strong air force. Taft added that the United States would be open to air attack from Siberia or across the Arctic even though there was a "wail of men across Europe." Taft was asked whether he felt the United States would be in "mortal danger" if Europe fell and his reply was: It would increase the threat to this country but I would be un- willing to admit the loss of Europe made this country unsafe. I think we still could defend this On the subject of the current Republican campaign, the senator was asked if he felt the bitterness of the drive for delegate votes would jeopardize GOP chances in November. "No, I do he replied and he declared that bitterness and vigorous campaigning did not leave any marks in his other po- litical contests. WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 90; minimum, name has been submitted to the State Department for its approval. Zarubin was ambassador to Can- ada at the time a Russian spy ring allegedly stole some atomic secrets. American officials said they un- derstood, however, that a Canadian board of inquiry cleared him of any direct connection with the ring. Panyushkin told reporters he is leaving the United States forever, "in connection with a new appoint- ment." Panyushkin said he will leave Sunday for New York en route back to Moscow through Sweden, He has been Russian ambassador to the United States since Dec. 31, 1947. Calf But No Tail CENTRALIA, 111. A Jersey calf was born recently on the Wal- ter Esmonds farm with a decided tail to shoo off pesky flies. Kefauver Doubts President Will Try to Stop Him WASHINGTON Ml Sen. Estes Kefauver saw President Truman yesterday and came away with the expressed opinion that Truman is not a party to any stop-Kefauver movement. The leading contender for the Democratic party's presidential nomination told this to reporters at the White House after he had a 35-minute meeting with the Presi- dent. He said he expects, and hopes, that Truman will stay neutral as regards nomination aspirants until after the July 21 convention. But then, he said, he would be very happy to have the President campaign on his behalf. Truman told a news conference, before the talk with Kefauver, he was neutral regarding the candi- dates, but would not say how long he would remain neutral. 2 Small Boys Blamed For Sister's Death MINNEAPOLIS small boys playing with matches were blamed for starting a fire which destroyed their suburban Lake Minnetonka home late yesterday OPTIMISTIC TONE HEARD BY LEADERS Senate Delays i Action on Issue Until Monday i WASHINGTON sponsored peace talks in the steel I strike recessed today until noon to permit industry leaders to study bargaining proposals. I The four-hour delay was an- nounced by Presidential Assistant John R. Steelman, who last night reported "real negotiations going The delay was requested by board chairman Ben Moreell of the Jones and Laughlin steel company, head of the management negotiat- I ing team. Steelman said Philip Murray, j head of the striking CIO United Steelworkers, readily There was some hope of an early i settlement of the dispute. i Democratic leader McFarland of Arizona told the Senate last night i there might be a settlement over the weekend. The Senate then put aside until Monday all legislation dealing with the strike. Steelman wasn't so specific but said he had talked with. McFar- land. Not Pessimistic "I certainly am not Steelman told newsmen, "but I wouldn't want to overstate my optimism." Steelman said both sides had been discussing intensively all the complex issues involved. The walkout started Monday after the Supreme Court voided Truman's seizure of the steel industry. More than mine, rail and other workers also have been idled by the steel shutdown. The first break in the nation-wide strike came late yesterday with announcement that the Detroit Steel Corp. had reached a contract agreement with the Steelworkers, covering employes. Details of the agreement, negotiated in Pitts- burgh, were not announced. A dis- trict union official said the agree- ment embodied Wage Stabilization Board recommendations. These called for a "package" wage increase amounting to 28 cents an hour by next January. In the Washington talks, it was reliably reported the union also recommended by the Wage the subject of the most bitter dispute. This would re- quire all Steelworkers to join Philip Murray's CIO union after being hired. Steelman said there had been "give and take" on both sides. Asked if new settlement proposals had been offered, Steelman said: "Yes, you can't negotiate all day without making some proposals. They're negotiating with each oth- and took the life of their two-year- j fir openly above boardi wiaout old sister. any reference as to price." Sandra, the daughter of Mr. and wiu Discuss price Mrs. Joseph Opdahl, Island Park, perished in the blaze which started while both parents were absent. Mrs. Opdahl had just left for work at Spring Park and Opdahl was on the way home from his daytime job in Minneapolis, Chief Alfred Boll of the Mound fire department said the two Op- dahl 5, and Ronnie, 'they had been playing with a box of kitchen matches on the main floor of the house while their sister slept upstairs. The entire home was in flames when firemen, summoned by a neighbor, arrived. Will Discuss Steelman reiterated Truman's comment of some time ago that when an agreement was reached, the subject of a price boost to compensate for wage increases would be discussed. The industry has said it would need a a ton raise in the price of steel, now selling at S110 a ton, to meet the union's demands. Steelman, after stressing that steel production must be quickly resumed, stayed out of the bar- gaining talks, leaving the union and industry men to work out their own solution. 8th ANNIVERSARY OF D-DAY Ridgway Returns to Omaha Beach ON THE NORMANDY BEACH- ES, France Matthew B. Ridgway marks the eighth anni- versary today of the World War II j Normandy invasion with a return jto the spot where he parachuted in the D-day spearhead. Now Supreme Allied Command- j At Omaha beach he will inspect er in Europe, Ridgway led the the Bayeux and St. Laurent mili- 82nd Airborne Division in its leap tary cemeteries. Here cliff-top 63; noon, 90; precipitation, none; sun' sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at FEDERAL. FORECAST Winona and and a little cooler tonight Saturday gen- erally fair and cooler. Low to- night 63, high Saturday 83. Additional weather on page 9. behind Nazi lines, hours ahead of the invasion waves, to clear some of the way for Allied infantry and armor. The general's visit highlight of ceremonies marking the anni- versary of the 1944 landings that began the final conquest of Europe from Hitler's army includes stops along both Utah and bloody j Omaha beaches, where the bulk of the American forces came ashore. graves of thousands of soldiers and officers still overlook rusted, half- sunken hulks of landing craft used in the invasion to form temporary jetties. Ridgway will speak at ceremon- ies on Utah beach and will lay a wreath on the monument there which commemorates the landings. A pilgrimage of D-day veterans from the "Fighting First" Divi- sion, now in Germany, also placed Ridgway also will visit Sainte wreaths on Omaha beach at the Mere Eglise, the first town his air-1 time of the original H-hour borne troops liberated in the pre- dawn hours of June 6, 1944. There the general will lay a wreath at milestone zero, the start of the "Liberty Highway" route of vie- i tory through France and Germany. Representatives of other Allied nations joined in the observances. French Adm. Andre Lemmonier, Ridgway's naval deputy at SHAPE headquarters, accompanied' him on the trip. Britain's First Lord of the Ad- miralty, J. P. L. Thomas, and British naval officials came by de- stroyer to Arromancbes to meet Ridgway and take part in the memorial visit. While the West paid tribute to the thousands who fell on the Npr- mandy beaches in the cause of freedom, American commanders in Europe warned their troops that the free world again is in danger and the West's armies must be pre- pared to defend it j'j ;