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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 5, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight And Friday Continued Mild VOLUME 52, NO. 93 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 5, 1952 Fight Tonight! Walcott vs. Charles 8 O'clock KWNO TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Peace ampaign Issue Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower is in a smiling mood as he stops to greet a boyhood friend, Dave Chase, 62, on the street in Abilene, Kan., following his press conference today. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Ike Urges Nation To Oust Democrats Controlled Budget, Sound Dollar Proposed by General By RELMAN MORIN congressman, who is one of the ABILENE Kan. tti-Gen. Dwight leaders of the Taft forces. D. Eisenhower, contending that the HgP- Hugh Scott Democratic administration must be address -a fighting, mid- unseated, prepared today tci spell i tne speech that is out the details of the program he j evidence the people will not have j is advocating as a candidate for to guess where he stands." the Republican nomination for Sen. Douglas (D.-I11.) said he j the presidency iwas glad Eisenhower favors a re- ,ine i duction of expenditures, "One party has beer, in power course hg bg awMC too Eisenhower said yester-1 thaj Qur chief expenditures are for day. j military outlay and foreign aid. I The statement was contained in had not realized he was advocating a major speech, on national issues, [economy on those Douglas his first since he stepped out rf caffl. uniform. In launching into the paigning for Democratic presi- personal phase of his campaign, jdential nomination, r e m a r ke d: Eisenhower made four main I 'The General ought to be just the points- jman in position to be specific 1. A callforco-operation between the "economic elements or in hjgh positjon wjuie we country." in power was Gen. Eisen- 2. The necessity of battling in- hower himself." flation, bringing the national bud- j at Talk get "under and taking I Between and people "the first step back to a a rainstorm at Eisenhower Park to hear the speech. The skies were grey and overcast all day. 3. Taxation. "It becomes doubly Shortly8 after the General finished necessary to see that waste, dupli- a 23-minute-long talk, extempora- cation and extravagance are elim-1 neous. on the site of the proposed Truman Honorary Chairman of Kids Blood Bank Gang WASHINGTON Truman has agreed to be hon- orary chairman of the "Kids of America Blood but he regretfully turned down an invitation to give a pint of his own blood for the wounded in Korea. "I think you will find that the blood of a 68-year-old man is not fit for the" Tru- man told 13-year-old Jimmy Carrick of Pittsburgh, Pa., who extended the invitation yesterday. The President add- ed that this is the view of doc- tors. Young Carrick visited the White House as ''Kid of the having been chosen in a competition sponsored by the U. S. Junior Chamber of Commerce. Jimmy has been hospitalized 11 of his 13 years with spinal tuberculosis. Nevertheless he has solicited pints of blood for the Red Cross and is on a coast-to-coast tour to get more blood contributions. n New Berlin Airlift Set If By DONALD DOANE FRANKFURT, Germany the Communist squeeze on Berb'n turns into a new blockade, the U.S. Air Force is ready and able to re- vive the airlift which broke the first siege three years ago. Although the Russians have in- stituted a system of passes for Berlin and the on zones which inated." Eisenhower museum, began to fall. raindrops 4. The charge that there has been The fgin off unm after he "gradual absorption by the cen-1 finished, but the storm tral government of functions that drenched the participants ia the belong to local communities and parade that followed. to individuals." It was raining hard at the mo- Eisenhower also urged continued clouds co-operation with our Allies in the broke, and after a short delay, could be the lever for a blockade, they have not yet cracked down. Road, rail and barge traffic so far has been moving normally. Planes Available An Air Force spokesman said today that planes for an airlift are available and plans have been kept up to date for such an emer- gency. He said, however, the Air Force has not been given "any new alert" to prepare for an air- lift. Truman Will Go To Convention After Decision Won't Be Nominee For Democratic Bid, President Repeats WASHINGTON President i Truman said today he will attend j the Democratic national conven- tion after it has choosen its presi- dential nominee, and he will not be that nominee. The President added that he'd like to attend the whole Chicago convention but won't do so because his presence might create a dis- turbance. Truman was told at his news conference some Republicans have said he is engaged in a "devi- ous plot" to get the nomination for himself. This he denied and said such j charges usually originate in warp-1 ed minds. Of yesterday's statement by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower that the Democrats have been in power too long, Truman replied it is up to the people to decide that. He declined further comment on Eisenhower's opening campaign speech. Truman's surprise acceptance of an invitation to weekend in New England with J. Howard McGrath, meanwhile, stirred political spec- ulation. So did his agreement to talk over the party outlook this afternoon with Sen. Estes Kefauver of Ten- nessee, a leading contender for-the Democratic presidential nomina- tion. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower leans over micro- phones to hear question as he faces newsmen at press conference in Plaza Theater in Abilene, Kan., this morning. (AP Wirepnoto to The Re- publican-Herald) fight against Communism -and Eisenhower began to speak. called for a foreign policy stripped i He then returned to his hotel.! Such instructions would have to of all mystery." (After a short rest, he visited the j come from the State Department, Global Threat i homes of two Abilene friends, and he said. Of Communism, he said: I stood for hours at the head of a n receiving line, shaking hands and has been a global threat, .5 manifesting itself from the Far East to Europe in outward exten- sions throughout the vast periphery of the Soviet domain. Early in its course, China was lost to the free renewing old acquaintances. Most of the people who thronged into the two homes to see him were Republican delegates, alter- nates and their wives. A spectator remarked, "Pie's making friends world in one of the greatest inter- i by the minute here national disasters of our type of tragedy that must not be repeated." Eisenhower planned to see more Sources here believe British and French planes also would be avail- able if needed. Both these occu- pation powers participated with the U.S. in the original airlift which fed and supplied West Berlin for nearly a year during the first Soviet blockade in 1948 and 1949. Adequate Supply U.S. Air Force officials conceded political figures today. His organi-1 they do not have as many cargo tons of supplies were flown to Berlin every day. But the supply -of planes is adequate, they said, and exceeds the number available at the start of the last airlift. zation leaders said a number of j planes immediately available now Reeard'ing what manv GOP lead- uncommitted Republican delegates as they used during the height of prs term the No 1 charge in Missouri and Oklahoma the first airlift, when more than vear's political 'battle-corruption j would be present. The idea was, In said: las they explained, for Eisenhower "Political health is endangered i to set forth his views on political if one party, by whatever means, I questions in private talks, becomes permanently or too-long, He planned to return to New entrenched in power. York Friday. "The almost inevitable conse- quence is graft and incompetence in remote and even in prominent places in government. Obviously, this is something that applies to- day: One party has been in power too long in this country." The speech, broadcast and tele- vised nationally, was delivered on the opening day of a riotous home- coming celebration for Eisenhow- er. The little town where he grew up met him, en masse, near the site of his boyhood home yester- day. The day's program included a parade of floats illustrating his life. A crowd estimated at some persons flocked into Abilene for the celebration. Eisenhower wore a grey busi- ness suit, with a blue shirt and a darker blue tie. His wife, some of his brothers, and a number of the men backing his fight for the Re- publican nomination came to Abi- lene with him. News Conference This monling, he appeared at a news conference, attended by more than 300 correspondents from all parts of the country. They vrere primed to ask him for specific definitions of the main points he set forth in his speech, and to question him on some of the issues he did not touch in his 30-minute talk. Republicans and Democrats alike were quick to- comment on Eisenhower's remarks. "It looks like he is pretty much for mother, home and said B. Carroll Reece, Tennessee Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower becomes a full-fledged political candidate as he bends to kiss little Priscilla Bell, Vh, who presented him with a bouquet of flowers before his air departure from Wash- ington for Kansas City. The girl won the distinction of being the first child kissed by Eisenhower.' She is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Tom Bell, a TWA airline official. Ike was headed for. Abilene, Kan., for a home-town welcome and a major address. (AP Wirepnoto) Official Count Awaited in S.D. SIOUX FALLS, S. D. (M- Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio today held a 591-vote lead over Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower in South Dakota's bitterly contested Republican pri- mary, with only 16 precincts miss- ing. Although Taft supporters claim- ed victory, former Gov. George T. Mickelson, who headed the Eisenhower slate of delegates, re- fused to concede pending the offi- cial count of ballots Saturday by the county canvassing boards. Fourteen delegates are at stake. The returns with only 16 pre- cincts missing gave: Taft Eisenhower Results in at least five of the missing precincts will not be known until the official county canvass Saturday. The election judges sealed the duplicate polling books of four precincts in Perkins Coun- ty. There the two candidates were running neck-and-neck. Another poll book was sealed with the bal- lots in a Brookings County pre- cinct, a county which registered heavily for Taft. Taft State Taft supporters early Wednes- day claimed a victory after their candidate had doggedly main- tained a shaky lead since p.m. Tuesday night. Mickelson contended the narrow Taft margin still left the Taft win in doubt, and because of the closeness of the race that it was an Eisenhower victory in a Taft stronghold, even if the Ohioan did poll four to five hundred more votes. Mickelson refused to say wheth- er he would ask for a recount or contest the bitterly fought prim- ary. He has 10 days in which to demand a recount by petitioning the secretary of state. The race was the tightest in South Dakota since 1936 when former Gov. Alf M, Landon of Kansas won the presidential pri- mary over Sen. William E. Borah of Idaho by 257 votes. Taft supporters said the showing Taft made proved his strength among farmers. His best showing was made in farm districts where there were no large cities or towns. He spent five days campaigning in the state. In his talks he plunked for parity for farm products and favored farm price supports. Eisenhower's vote getting power in the sparsely settled ranch areas in the "short-grass" country west of the Missouri River surprised those predicting the election re- turns. He also made big gains in the cities, especially in Aberdeen and Sioux Falls, where he bad daily newspaper endorsement. Dutch Jet Hits Minesweeper; 15 Feared Lost DEN HELDER, The Netherlands A Dutch Thunderjet practice- diving during NATO air-sea ma- neuvers crashed into a 112-foot British minesweeper today and 15 men were feared lost. A Dutch naval communique said the pilot of the plane was killed and two survivors of the 65-ton British craft were rescued. In London the Admiralty said the ship, ML2582, normally carried a crew of 16. The accident occurred off the Dutch naval base of Den Helder, between the mainland and the West Frisian island of Texel. The plane and the ship, a IB-knot craft powered by gasoline engines, were taking part in maneuvers with Dutch, British and Belgian forces. Dutch naval Chief of Staff, Rear Adm. C. W. Slot, was in command. Draff to take in August WASHINGTON The Army to- day issued a draft call for men in August. The Marine Corps, Air Force and Navy do not plan any draft calls that month. The August quota raises to 430 the total of men drafted by all services since September, 1950. The Army got of these, the Marines A Defense Department an- nouncement said the Army needs the in August for replace- ments and to maintain authorized1 strength. Arab Unity Proposed BEIRUT, Lebanon Economic union of all the Arab states is a goal of the new Federation of Arab Chambers of Commerce which recently opened its head- quarters here. The federation was organized last year as part of an Arab League project to improve econom- ic co-operation am'ong the Arab states. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Generally fair but with considerable cloudi- ness tonight and Friday. Continued mild temperature. Low tonight 58, Split Reef Prison KOJE ISLAND, Korea Allied infantrymen and engi- neers split one of Koje Island's big prisoner compounds in half with a tough barbed wire fence today as jeering Communist civilian internees stood by chanting Red hymns. There was no violence. Erection of the fence within com--------------------------------- pound 607 was ordered by Brig. Gen. Haydon Boatner, the Koje commander, as the first step in splitting 17 big compounds into smaller camps for the island's POWs. The heavily-armed troops marched into the compound short Geneva Convention provides for withholding rations under certain conditions. Bags of sand were delivered to three compounds Wednesday and stacked where the food usually is placed. This increased speculation marched into the compound short- discipline was bemg enforced ly before Boatner issued a state-j, withholding rations, ment acknowledging that rations Boatner that have been withheld from tnree j the sand was for use m queiiing compounds on separate days. t-Viat that! There have been reports food rations were reduced to en- force discipline among unruly prisoners. Boatner said this was not the case. "At no time have we withheld rations as a weapon to obtain obedience to any order, nor have we threatened to do he said. He explained that no rations were Moved Some prisoners who were moved to Koje following the May 20 riot in a hospital camp at Pusan were removed from compound 91 and distributed among other en- closures. An official said the pris- oners were separated into groups of Chinese, North Koreans, offi- rie expiamea uiat iiu itiLiuiis ui. issued on the day troops entered a i cers, enlisted men and clvilja.ns- compound to enforce orders. "We were taking offensive action against them because of their de- fiance and illegal Boat- ner said, "In view of this and knowing they had stocks of food hoarded it would have been mani- festly absurd for us to provide them with more food. Boatner emphasized that the Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 84; minimum, 57; noon, 84; precipitation, .05; :sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Pace 20. The transfer was completed with- out incident. Boatner visited compound 607 for a few minutes as engineers were building the new barbed wire fence. It was believed to be the first time he has entered a compound since he took over as the island's 16th commander less than a month Wi inkling His Nose as he scoffs at something being said to him. by President Truman, the U.S. "Kid of the Jimmy Car- rick, 13, of Pittsburgh gets an autograph from the chief executive during a visit to the White House m Washington. The boy won a national competition paying off with a visit to the White House, trip to solicit blood for Korean wounded and granting his wish to study to be a Navy chaplain. He has spent 11 of his 13 years in hospitals under treatment for spinal tuberculosis. (AP Wirephoto) Hits Democrats For 'Tragic Loss'of China 200 Newsmen Question Genera! At Abilene By JACK BELL ABILENE, Kan. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower geared his personal drive for the Republican presiden- tial nomination to the assertion to- day that the top political issue is "real peace and security in world." The smiling five-star general, at- tired in a natty gray suit, told a crowded news conference in a movie theater that when he puts his hand to the he has to seek the GOP works as hard as he can. In rapid fire order, he reeled off answers to many of the touchy political questions of the day. He thus accepted the challenge of his political opponents who had criti- cized his previous sielnce while in uniform. On Foreign Policy Among other things, Eisenhower said on foreign 1. The country must be helped out from under the present "um- brella of fear and doubt and hys- teria." 2. He has no political connections with the Democratic administration and is free to criticize its foreign policies but if we let Europe fall we will have "backbreaking re- sponsibilities" and be in "national danger." 3. It would be "very dangerous to attempt to extend the Korean War at this moment, until we have had a bigger buildup of our own." 4. The Truman administration must share in the responsibility for the "international disaster of the first magnitude" in the fall of China to the Communists, Declaring that he intends f> "speak out as frankly as I know Eisenhower had these to say about domestic issues: 1. He believes the states, rather than the federal government should handle the issue of Fair Employ- ment Practices Commissions (This could be a popular stand in the Democratic Education Stand 2. The states can handle educa- tion problems better than the fed- eral government and he is against paying money into the federal treasury that just goes back to the states. .1 3. Agriculture must have a 'sound price foundation but he is not prepared .at this time to say just what price supports are nec- essary. 4. He is against "socialization of medicine." 5. If the St. Lawrence River Sea- way is an economic then it is inevitable that it will be constructed. He said there seemed no dispute about the pow- er phase of the project but the controversy was over its economic necessity. 6. On labor laws, Eisenhower said "we can not take legislation that compels people to work. That is regimentation." He said some oth- er means must be found to bring about understanding in this field. Jaunty, but not cocky, Eisenhow- er made it plain that now he has taken off his uniform and is cam- paigning for the Republican nom- ination, he is going to work at ths job. His present plans include recep- tion of Republican convention dele- gates and speeches in Detroit next Saturday. He said he didn't know (Continued on Page 20, Column J) WORLD PEACE Confessor Freed On Robbery Charge HOLTON, Kan. robbery- charges have been dismissed against Albert Johnson, 23, who stood in the pulpit of a Topeka, Kan., church May 4 and confessed participation in a holdup. The S835 robbery of the bank at Hoyt, Kan., occurred four years ago. District Judge Robert H. Kaul dismissed the charges against Johnson under a Kansas law re- quiring prosecution within two years of an offense. At the time of his public con- fession, Johnson said he had been directed by God to give himself up so he could "warn younger kids to avoid the fate that befell me." He expressed a desire to become a minister. ;