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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 4, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers, Cooler Tonight; Fair Friday VOLUME 53, NO. 91 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 4, 1953 Chiefs at Owatonna Tonight at 8 KWNO AM-FM TWENTY-TWO PAGES REEMENT A Giant Ball of fire boils up over the Nevada desert near Las Vegas, as the Atomic Energy Commission set off its llth atomic explosion in the last of the series. This picture was made with a 40-inch lens on top of Mt. Charleston, approximately 50 miles away, 47 seconds after it was'dropped by an Air Force plane. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) A-Blast Biggest Set Off in U. S. By BILL BECKER LAS VEGAS, Nev. tffl The biggest atom bomb ever exploded in the United States flamed for more than two minutes in the pre- dawn sky today over Nevada prov- ing ground. The fireball boiled for more than Miss Cochran Flies Sabre Jet 670 MPH EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. Cochran, hav- ing set two more marks, today holds all but one of the interna- tional closed and straight course air speed records for both men and women. The 47-year-old aviatrix yester- day flew her Canadair-built F86 Sabre jet 670 miles per hour over a 15-kilometer straightaway course (9.31 miles) near Rogers Dry Lake dash in each direction to off- set the effect of wind. The National Aeronautic Asso- ciation's report of this feat also disclosed another record Miss Cochran set May 23, when she av- eraged 590.273 miles an hour for 30 seconds, indicating an intensity twice that of any previous bomb or device detonated in the desert. The 20-kiloton Hiroshima bomb had a ID-second fireball. Dropped from an extremely high- flying B36, the unprecedented A- bomb flashed across the entire horizon and bathed the desert in a ghostly white light for at least five seconds. Then it formed into a brilliant golden fireball. Power Estimated The power of this amazing weapon was probably not less than Ike Counting On Business to Back Tax Plan Seeks 6-Month Extension of Excess Profits Levy Spectators View the rear portion of an auto that was sheared in two in a collision with a train in Chicago suburb Durnham, HI., last night, kill- The Atomic Energy has previously deto- 50 kilotons. Commission nated three devices at Yucca Flat that have had an intensity greater than the so-called nominal or Hiroshima bomb. Today's blast, llth and final of the spring series, probably com- pared favorably with some of the huge explosions reported at the WASHINGTON W) President Eisenhower finds out today wheth- er his "businessmen's administra- tion" can count on support of bus- inessmen when his policies pinch their pocketbooks. His advisers were betting that business would come through for his tax program, by putting a re- luctant okay on a six-month exten- sion of the unpopular excess prof- its tax beyond June 30. The two largest business organi- zations, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) and the U. S. Chamber of Commerce, both firmly on record opposing the profits levy, were restudying their policy. Both were due to disclose their decisions before nightfall. The organizations were ap- proached by Secretary of the Treasury Humphrey and Under Secretary Marion' B. Folsom, it developed yesterday, following Eisenhower's recommendation for postponement of some scheduled tax reductions. Humphrey's activity drew a warning against "lobbying" yester- day from Rep. Daniel Reed (R- ways and means committee j chairman and the leading cham- pion of speedy tax relief in the three daughters and three grand- House. And Rep. Mills (D-Ark) com- mented that Treasury officials "may well" have violated anti- lobbying laws which bar federal officials from spending government fuiids to influence legislation, even indirectly, by means other than appearances before congressional groups. Mills demanded that the com- mittee "find out who in the ad- ministration has been talking to whom in an effort to keep them from appearing and freely expressing their views." Reed add- ed: "Further, if I find out they have been violating the lobbying law, I will turn the matter over to the Department of Justice." Humphrey denied having tried to influence legislation. He testified that he merely asked the business leaders whether the President's tax and budget views made any difference in their positions on tax reduction. He said he told them he hoped they would at least be neutral. Expiration of the excess profits KOREA Red Reply Held Acceptance of U.N. Proposal Only Minor Differences Remain Before Cease-Firing Order WASHINGTON Communists and United Nations Com- mands were reported today to be very close to agreement on a Ko- rean War armistice. Officially, there was the closest secrecy but it was clear uiat m high Quarters of the government there was very strong confidence that agreement on a truce was at ing seven of the nine occupants. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 7 Killed in Crossing Crash CHICAGO W) A mother, her Pacific proving grounds at "Euiwe- tok. ..f. TV ,_ A 1 rl I UUlidlS 1U J.CVCUUC UU3 Jeal, tailn Scientific Director Alvin C. contends taxes should tax would cost some 800 million dollars in revenue this year, and Graves has said the device was a refinement of one tested previously in this series. It incorporated a "discovery" made- in the previous shot, he said, but he did notj his tax prograra. not be cut until a budget balance is in sight. On his nation-wide broadcast last night, he said his mail is running 8 to 1 in favor of 500 kilometers (310.5 Only speed mark not held by Miss Cochran is the three-kilome- ter 699 m.p.h. mark set by Maj, Slade Nash of the Ah- Force last November. Miss Cochran says she may try to set an unofficial three- kilomark. But because her Canad- air Sabre at present is not equipped with afterburners. for extra thrust, it is held unlikely she can equal Nash's record at this time. Girl, Pet Dog Perish in Fire WAUPACA, Wis. A 6-year-old girl and her pet dog burned to death Wednesday when fire de- stroyed a machine shed on a farm three miles east of here. She was Delores daugh- ter of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Leu- pold of Rt. 3, Waupaca. Her body was found in the ruins beside that of her dog nearly an hour after the blaze started. Waupaca County Sheriff August Kruse said Delores and her four brothers were playing in the shed shortly after noon. The fire broke out, Kruse said, either from spon- taneous combustion or a defect in' electrical wiring. When Mrs. Leupold noticed the blize, she called the children into the house William, 10; Merlin, 8; Kermit, S, and Edward, 2, answer- ed her call. Delores did not re- spond. The fire also destroyed a pump house, a chicken house, a granary and a corn crib. The bam was sav- ed by Waupaca firemen. elaborate The explosion went off exactly at a. m. a. m. The flash was seen in San Fran- cisco, 600 miles away, and in Los Angeles, 250 miles distant. Strangely, however, the shock which was reported' very strong at the AEC 'control point, was not felt in Las Vegas or by observers on Mt. Charleston, 45 miles from the test site. The fire in the cloud was visible to mountain observers for two minutes and 20 seconds before it faded. Veteran atomic reporters agreed that this far outshone any of the 30 previous blasts in Nevada. daughters were killed Wednesday nignt wnen their crowded automo- bile was struck by a Michigan Central.Railroad, passenger train. No one on the train was hurt. The dead were identified as Mrs, Catherine Zawacki, 60, her daugh- ters, Mrs.- Irene Skala, 22, Mrs. Genevieve Kovack, 26, and Patri- cia Zawacki, 18; and her grand- daughters, Barbara Davis, 11, Ar- lene Zawacki, 7, and Jacqueline Kovack, 5. Boy, 14, Drowns In Black River LA CROSSE, Wis. Mc- Grath, 14, drowned Wednesday night while swimming in the Black River with a group of other boys who did not miss him at the time. His parents reported him missing and the George Brooks blood- hounds were brought out, tracking him to the riverbank scene. The body was recovered this morning. Lottery in Lettuce NEWARK, N. J. Far- ber, a Newark grocer, was arrest- ed Wednesday on charges of keep- ing lottery slips in his lettuce. Fight to Restore Air Funds Likely By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON WASHINGTON "heE of a fight" in the Senate to restore some of the five billion dollars cut from Air Force funds was prom- ised by Sen. Maybank (D-NC) today in the wake of President Ei- senhower's new defense of his budget. "We will try to put back whatever is necessary to get the 143- wing Air Force as soon as pos- Maybank said in an inter- view. Eisenhower, on nation-wide television report to the nation last night, reiterated that his adminis- tration plans to spend 60 cents of every defense dollar next year for Navy and Air Force air power, and he declared: "We are not going to cripple this nation and we are going specifi- cally to keep up its air power." Rick to Nation This was only.a'few hours after Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, the re- tiring Air Force chief of staff, had told a- Senate appropriations sub- committee that cutting back the Air Force goal from 143 wings would "increase the .risk to na- tional security beyond Gen. Hoyt S. Vandenberg, retiring Air Force chief of staff sits with Air' Force undersecretary James H. Douglas during testimony before the Senate military appropriations committee at which Gen. Vandenberg declared that President Eisenhow- er's reduced air force program carries a risk to national security. Countering the General's claim, Secretary Harold E. Talbott, who also appeared, defended the proposed cut as "sound." No Appeasement, Ike Te Is Nation By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON D. Eisenhower inaugurated a new era of presidential contact with the people last there would be no appeasement of communism and "no risk of a general r Surrounded by four members of his official family, Eisenhower gave these assurances in a prece- dent-setting White House report to the nation: "We are going to keep our temper; we are going to build our strength." "We are not going to cripple this nation and we are going specifically to keep up its air power." "Our effort is to secure peace and prosperity in peace." So, in easy conversational style, and passing the ball repeatedly to his Cabinet aides, Eisenhower met head on the accusations aired in Congress only a few hours before a suspended jail sentence today that his Air Force budget cuts are for contempt of Congress. Grunewald Fined Prison Term Suspended WASHINGTON W) Henry W. Grunewald, Washington mystery man, was fined and given imperiling the nation's security. He did more than that: By in- troducing the TV presidential panel program, with free technical advice from some of the highest-priced advertising experts in the business, he gave a new dimension to the "fireside chat" invented by Frank- lin D. Roosevelt and adapted for radio and television, now and then, by Harry S. Truman. Eisenhower's audience, estimat- ed at 50 millions, heard the Presi- dent, a little fidgety at first but calm as you please later, lean on his desk and talk tell them, U. S. District Judge Alexander Holtzoff sentenced the influence peddler to 90 days in jail, but in- stead him to serve the sentence placed him on proba- tion for one year. The judge said in imposing sen- tence that he was considering "as a mitigating circumstance" that Grunewald had received "bad ad- bad that it was fantastic" from his former attorney. The judge said the record show- ed that when Grunewald first ap- peared before the House ways and means subcommittee investigating Communists Submit Own Truce Answer By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN PANMUNJOM WV-The Commu- nists reportedly submitted today a counterproposal to the "final" Al- lied terms for a truce in Korea. The Reds offered a lengthy state- ment of their position at a 73-min ute secret session today that brought delegates together for the first time in nine days. Contents of the Communist state- ment were kept secret. The official spokesman for the United Nations Command, Lt. Cpl. Milton Herr, would not confirm or deny the reported counterproposal The Allies asked for and got i recess until Saturday, stirring speculation that a Red counterpro- posal would be sent to the U. S, and other allies for consideration. The Communists had been ex- pected to answer an Allied "now or never" proposal on prisoner ex- change submitted May 25. Talks for Hour North Korean Gen. Nam II talked an but the last 13 min- utes of the session. The South.Korean delegate con- tinued his boycott, which started May 25. This was the second ses- sion he had missed. South Korean government sources have attacked the Allied plan presented 10 days ago as "ap- peasement" and a "sell-out." The prisoner exchange last major barrier to an armistice on what to do with North Korean and Chinese prisoners who refuse te return to their Communist homelands. The Communists have proposed leaving their fate to a postarmi- stice political conference after a period of Red explanations. The new Allied plan is reported to agree to that, but adds that if the political conference fails to settle with a reference to the 1938 con-1 tax scandals his then counselor, j the problem, disposition of the of national Vandenberg, who -was called back for questioning by the sharp- ly divided senate group today, said the Air Force did not approve the cutback, I did not." The new administration trimmed about five billion dollars out of the new funds requested'for the Air Force in former President Tru- man's January budget. And if re- duced from 143 to 120 wings, of 30 to 75 planes each, the buildup target for 1955. Vandenberg declared that even a force of 143 wings would be a "one-shot Air Force" because would have "'no reserve at all." "it cessions to Adolf Hitler that sowed the seeds of the last world war and became a symbol of appease- ment: No New Munich "There is going to be no new Munich and' at the same time there is going to be no risk of a general war, because a modern war would be too horrible to contemplate." Then they saw him, rather like a principal introducing the teach- ers on parents' visiting day, intro- duce the four department heads. George M. Humphrey, secretary of the Treasury, spoke first. He he has said budget should be balanced a year from now unless the Russians upset the applecart. And that, if Congress keeps the excess profits tax for another six months, there'll be a tax cut for everybody at the be- ginning of next year. v "Mr. said Eisen- hower, "I endorse every single word you say." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and thun- dershowers, followed by somewhat cooler tonight. Friday generally fair and cooler Low tonight 60, high Friday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum 62; noon, 84; precipitation, sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observatigns) Low temperature last 24 hours was 75 at a. m., high 85 at p. m. Wednesday. Noon today 82. There'was a scattered layer of clouds at feet and an overcast at feet. Visibility 12 miles, barometer 29.61, falling 'slowly. Wind was calm, humidity 61 per cent William Power Maloney, repeated- ly directed him not to answer questions. Sen. Robert A. Taft (R-Ohio) 'Senate majority leader, arrives at the White House on crutches for a conference with President Eisenhower and other Congres- sional leaders. The senator re- turned to Washington today aft- er 10 days in a Cincinnati hos- pital -for treatment of a pain- 'ful hip injury (AP Wirephoto to Republican-Herald) prisoners would be left to the U.N. General Assembly, The Reds re- portedly rejected that U. N. pro- vision on the, spot, charging thai the U. N. itself is a belligerent and should not have a final ver- dict on Red prisoners: The secret .meeting had been billed as a chips-down session. Al- lied sources indicated the latest U. N proposal was final. All Secret On May 25 the Reds took a one week recess after receiving the. Al- lied plan and then extended the recess three more days, indicating the proposal was getting a thor ough going-over in top Red circles and possibly Moscow. The meeting was immersed in secrecy. Newsmen -watching .the confer- ence hut could see through the windows the Communist interpre ters reading Nam's statement After the session, Herr, the of ficial U. N. spokesman, said only: "Gentlemen, the delegates are still in executive (secret) session I cannot make any comment to day." Taft Denies Using Words 'Go.ft Alone In Talk on Korea WASHINGTON IB-Sen. Taft (R 0) said today be did not use the words "go it alone" in bis May 26 discussion of Korean policy to which President Eisenhower took exception. Taft.made this- comment to re porters at the White House .on leav ing a legislative conference of the President and Republican congres sional leaders. Taft has been bos pitalized for treatment of a hi] ailment and it was his first meeting with Eisenhower since their publii policy disagreement. The Ohioan refused to discus; the matter further. land. There was a notable increase it optimism among officials and ome indication the latest Red re- ponse could be considered as virtual acceptance of the U. N. iroposals of 10 days ago. According to this interpretation, the only matters left to be nego- tiated are relatively minor differ- ences. The Red reply to the U. N. plan Jor dealing with the deadlock over disposition of prisoners.of war was received by the government this morning. The Reds presented it to the U. N. command at Panmun- iom last night, Washington time. Official secrecy covered reaction at the State and Defense Depart- ments and the White House. But there were indications that solution was being reached. It is the prisoner issue which has blocked agreement for many months. It turns on the.question of what should be done about prisoners of war who were unwilling to go after an armistice. In putting forth their latest plan 10 days ago, the U. N. command direction from Washington. some concessions on this point. It dropped a proposal that balky POWs from, the North Ko- rean forces should "be released in South Korea as soon as the truce became effective. Majority Voting It also agreed to a system of majority voting on a. propos_al neutral" nations truce commis- sion would supervise the handling of POWs after an armistice. It reportedly agreed also to let the state of these prisoners be discussed for a limited time at a Korean political conference of the warring powers. But the U. N. command insisted that there could be no compromise on its proposal that in the end (1) prisoners refusing to go home should be given their freedom this side of the Iron Curtain, (2) that at no time should they be coerced or intimidated by Red, represent- atives who would be permitted- to visit and talk with them after an armistice. The Panmunjom negotiat ions were 'recessed for one day after the Communists made their latest proposals. This was to afford op- portunity for Ml study of the Com- munist statement in Washington, and for exchanges between of- ficials here and Gen. Mark Clark, the U. N. commander. The negotiators are to meet again at p. m. Friday, or'Saturday morning, Panmunjom time. Income Tax Cut For Individuals Held Doubtful WASHINGTON Speak- er Martin said today a tax cut for some 50 million, indi- vidual taxpayers scheduled next Jan. 1 would be "very doubtful'" if Congress fails to extend excess profits tax. Martin told a news conference the scheduled 10 per cent reduc- tion in individual income taxes "goes right along together" with President Eisenhower's request for continuation of the excess profits levy, now' due to expire at the end of this month. The speaker repeated a predic- tion .that Congress will keep the excess profits tax in force until Dec. 31, despite strong opposition by some influential Congress mem- bers. Present laws call for a 10 per cent reduction in proposal income tax rates beginning with 1954.- The administration has said it "defin- itely" plans to let this reduction take effect as scheduled. But Martin declared, "If the ex- cess profits tax is not. extended, it is very doubtful if financial conditions would be such as rant individual tax reductions." "They go along together. Certain- ly an extension .would be- very helpful. in getting the individual reduction. That would make it al- most a certainty." I ;