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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 4, 1949, Winona, Minnesota FAIR TONIGHT, SUNDAY READ DICK TRACY BACK PAGE DAILY VOLUME 49, NO. 92 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 4, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Traitor Charge Confessed By Chambers Character, Credibility Under Fire U. S. Seizins Polish Liner The Navy's "Blue Angels" over their home: Official U. S. Navy photolnph Corpus Christi, Texas. The Alsops B-36 Mess Needs Full Investigation Airport Dedication Thriller Navy 'Blue Angles' To Bring Precision Flying to Winona By Joseph Alsop the investiga- tion that Secretary of the Air Force Stuart Symington has forthrlghtly demanded, no one should pass fi-K t, -----D--------------- nal Judgment on the B-36 jness. Lby tha" people in the past three years there are several here June. 19. The Navy's famous_ "Blue night exhibition team cheered -will be the facts thnt deserve to be m split-second'ttaing and their daring It only because hard facts won or them the Deputation of the world's most outstanding! -----------------------------------------flight team. "We're securing New York The character and credibility of Ex-Communist Whittaker Chambers, on whose tes- timony hinges the government's perjury charge against Alger Hiss, was the target of defense counsel yesterday. Under lashing cross-examination, j Chambers acknowledged that he jlied tinder oath before the same federal grand jury that returned ,the perjury indictment against 'Hiss, former state department of- 'ficial, Florid, gray-haired defense At- torney Lloyd Paul Stryker also! drew from Chambers an admis- sion that he had failed to tell the whole truth before official bodies on several other occasions. Both defense and prosecution at- torneys have stated that it is prin- cipally on Chambers' word that the perjury charge against Hiss hangs. Hiss is accused of swearing false ly when he denied Chambers' claim that he turned over governmen secrets to Chambers, self-describe former courier for a prewar Rus sian spy ring. Chambers, whose testimony pictured Hiss as plotting with him and a Soviet agent, Colonel Bori Bykov, to filch government secrets spoke softly as he answered Stry ker's questions. Traitor to U. S. He acknowledged that, during hi 14-years in the Communist party i had been a traitor to the Unitei States, that he scorned religion ani lad lived with a woman "Outsidi the bonds of matrimony." New York A U. S. official announced today the Polish liner Batory on which Communist Gerhart Eisler fled to Europe "may be in the process of being seized." The vessel was boarded by numerous .government agents as she arrived here on her first visit since Eisler 'stowed away May 6. Pete A. Esperdy, .assistant district enforcement officer of the Immigration service, made the announcement about possible seizure but said it had not been seized yet. The Batory's captain, Jan Cwiklinski, said that "state inquiries" being conducted. He added he had not been served with any papers and declared he was still "in command of my ship." Before the liner docked, an assistant U. S. attorney said he understood the Batory "is under government control." The liner docked at p. m., and members of an immigra- tion service boarder patrol, who were armed, immediately went aboard. No one was permitted to leave the ship. In Washington, State and Justice department officials indi- cated all officers and members of the Batory's crew will be givea a thorough interrogation to determine if any of them aided Eisler in his dramatic getaway May 6. The Batory was built in 1936 at a cost of After the war, she was rebuilt in Antwerp with an additional spent on her. There was no immediate clarification on whether there would be any delay in permitting any of the crew to leave the ship. The Justice department has consistently turned aside inquiries concerning possible action against the ship itself, since Eisler fled the country, thus avoiding punishment for passport fraud and con- tempt of Congress. The Batory is coming in fromjSdynia, Poland, and Southamp- ton, England, with about persons aboard'. to bring everyone's ternpcratun clown. In the first place, Generals Van donboi-R, Nor.stad and McNarney and Under Secretary of the Air Force Arthur Barrows all concur red In Iho Air Force's choice o: the B-SO ns Its main strategic bomber. It is very difficult indeec to imagine nil four of these men being Jointly Influenced by Secre- tary of Air Symington's acknow- edged friendship with Floyd Od- ium, or by Odium's campaign trlbutions, or by Secretary of De fensu Louis Johnson's close con- nection with Odium's Consolidated Aircraft Corporation, which makes the B-3G. IN SHOUT. THE Judgment of these inen creates a presumption in favor of the plane they chose. There is, however, one proviso. The B-36 may be the aircraft that best meets the specifications they set up for a strategic bomber. But did they set up the correct speci- fications? Russ Satellites Nave Secret Ties With Reds New New York Times said today in a Paris dis- patch that Russia's five main sat- ellites in eastern Europe are "ob- igated" by a secret protocol to ollow Moscow's advice for the next 20 years on industrial and corn- He denied Stryker's description t I of the woman as a prostitute, extremely fortunate chambers said he had told the this outstanding grand jury which Hiss tha LeRoy Backus, general chairman for he had no direct knowledge of Bus the airport dedication program, said sian spy activity, although he actu ally did. today. Their merclal affairs. The dispatch from C. L. Sulz- berger quoted authoritative sources vs saying the protocol was signed ast January by representatives of is. after -all, the primary charac- tcristic of the B-36, And no mat- ter how superior its other charac- teristics may be, some sacrifices must have been in order to build into the B-36 the capabil- ity of flying such great distances. The B-3G may be said, in one sense, to bp the only strategic bomber in the world today, because it is the only bomber with interconti- nental range. On the other hand, present Amer- ican strategy, as officially agreed by the joint chiefs of staff, is very Rijssia, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria and Romania when they joined to form a coun- cil for economic and mutual assist- ance. The Times said formation of the part of the all-afternoon air show will last about 20 minutes It will consist of loops; rolls and Cuban all done in close formation at minimum altitudss. The team first demonstrates its maneuvers in three-plane forma- tion, -then in four-plane formation. Plan Mock Attack An integral part of the routine is the mock. attack upon an "enemy" fighter' plane. Painted a brilliant yellow, the "enemy" plane is "shot down" and the "pilot" bails out. The purpose of this act is to demonstrate to the public the ac- tual offensive tactics used by Navy fighter planes during- World War II. In these demonstrations, the 'Blue Angels" fly ths famous Grumman which is a earner-based Navy fighter plane. 500 M.F.H. Plane The at 500 miles an lour, is the fastest propellor-driven plane in use today. It has a phe- nomenal rate of climb. At the Jleveland, Ohio, Air races in 1946, a standard Navy "Bearcat" took council was announced January 25, off from a standing start and climb- Other nations sharing the princi-jed to an altitude of feet in asked Stryker. Chambers pies of the new council were in- vited to join. One reason given for formation of the body, which constituted Mos- cow's answer to the Marshall plan and the organization for European 100 rate of climb of overj a mile a minute. But the huge dedication crowd "Then you admit now that you testified falsely and committed per- jury grand jury in this "That's plied. The question and answer came precisely at the time set for the weekend adjournment of the trial. Stryker sat down. Hiss, lanky, one-time high polit ical adviser under the Roosevelt administration, glanced over at his wife, Priscilla, and smiled faintly. Previously, Chambers has testi- fied that he had failed to tell the whole truth when giving his story to the and the House un- American activities committee, Dr. Carl Singer, a fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine and a member of the Cornell rned- .cal schopl faculty, watched Cham- bers intently- during his testimony, taking lengthy notes. A discussion between defense and prosecution attorneys had indi- cated earlier that Singer's pre- sence in the courtroom was with he consent of Federal Judge Sam- uel H. Kaufman. However, his dentity was not disclosed in court. Dally Worker Writer It was not disclosed whether he Three St. Mary's college students were injured early this morn- ing when the car in which they were riding overturned on high- Three Children Suffocate in Wooden Icebox Walnut Ridge. Arfc. A vooden icebox became a death trap Eastern Railroads Ask Rate Increase Washington Eastern rail-j roads' have asked for another boost j passenger fares. The 60-odd lines late yesterday applied to the Interstate Commerce commission for a 12Vi per cent ad- third passenger fare in- crease they have asked since the end of the war. The proposed increases would or three young children yesterday, jboost basic coach fares from three Mrs. Ed Chastain, mother of two f the victims, found the youngsters rtien she returned home to prepare upper. They had been left to play she chopped cotton field. in a Sheriff Joe Spades said the chil- dren were wedged tightly together n a small compartment of the re-1 rigerator. The door was tightly' astened from the outside. No ice ras in the box but food was in the ompartments. A preliminary autopsy showed the aildren died of suffocation, the Jieriff reported. James Delbert Chastain, 2, and hirley Ramsey, 6, daughter of Mrs. thel Ramsey, one of the Chas- ains' neighbors, were dead when cents to 3.375 cents per mile and sleeping and parlor car fares from four to 4.5 cents. The petition is subject to the reg- ular ICC hearing, procedure which may require many weeks to com- plete. the box was opened. Ulitr UU.i VVOrO would be-called as a witness. His Chastain, nine, died will see other military aircraft and services were obtained by defense morning 'in a clinic here. nilnf.c in oftinn- ir.mmspl _ Joyce early Ann this definitely not keyed to the war be-jrconomic co-operation, was that the tween the continents. One of itsjU. S. and other Western nations basic assumptions is that if warjwere boycotting trade with council comes, wo shall have allies, and I members. therefore bases, over seas. To in-1 The Times said it was learned sure this, is the purpose of the I from one of the satellite nations Atlantic pact. Even the Air Force admits that nn inter-continental war would be a hopeless war. THKUKFORli THE QUESTION arises whether it would not have lieeu wiser to make the specifica- tions for our strategic bombers less ambitious, and to order a smaller bomber than the B-36 which could do a better Job from overseas bases. The Air Force has, In a sense, acknowledged this problem by retaining its contract for one such plane. This is the promising Boeing Turbojet B-47, which is fast- that the following six main points are covered by the secret protocol: 1, The council will operate for 20 years. It will co-ordinate eastern European economy, standardize in- dustrial production and provide mu- tual economic aid. 2, The council is to establish a permanent secretariat with head- quarters in Moscow. 3, The council is entitled to de- tailed and full information from members. It is authorized to send pilots in action: A flight of Air Force F-80's. jet- propelled aircraft, from Selfridge Air Force base. Detroit. Mich. A flight of Air Force F-82's, twin- engine Mustangs, all weather fight- firs, from Bergstrom Air Force base, Austin, Texas. A squadron of P-51's from the 109th Aero squadron, Holman Field, St. Paul. counsel. An exchange between Stryker and Chambers dealt with the lat- ter's one-time job as a writer for the Daily Worker. Chambers said he re-Wrote New York Times stor- ies for the communist paper. "In other words asked Stryker. Minneapolis Policeman Slain By Burglar Fred Babcock, Jr., 29, was shot to death After a government objection to ;he question, Stryker asked if Cham- bers thought it was "moral and ithical to take news from the Times" and use it in the Worker. "I had to do the same thing on Time replied Cham- bers, who drew a year as a editor of Time before ex- both observers and advisers to cer treatment, registered at the member states. Such states arejMayo clinic today and entered her Teacher Gets Funds For Cancer Care Rochester, lie Melmoth Bomar, Georgia schtioliposing his communist past, teacher who staged a 53-hour sit- "I've had a high regard for Time down strike to get money for can- m a g a z i n Stryker resumed. Sergeant Wyatt L. Patrick of while pursuing burglars he state police criminal investigation had caught breaking into a grocery division said officers are trying to (store in suburban Richfield, locked themselves inside the four- Babcock, with his squadcar part- cr than the B-36 and can go to accept and followlfirst medical appointment it needs to go from almost any their adivce." base across the Atlantic. Dr. Bomar, 54 years old, began 4. The council is to 'develop ajher sitdown strike last Monday in The second question is whether plan" for economic ,co-la woman's restroom near the of- ordination of member countries. rices of the Georgia teachers re- 5. A fund of rubles I tirement system. She struck to en- the B-36 is correctly related to our whole weapons system. And this question covers much more ground than the question argued to date, whether the big bomber can or cannot be successfully attacked by the Navy's new fighter. There is, for instance, the question whether guided missiles will or will not be available in the near future to in- tercept attacking bombers. If avail- able and efficient, they will cer- tainly affect the usefulness of bombers like the B-36. Then too, there is the question whether Air Force planning is not becoming too bomber-minded, all over again. Before the last the incredible Major General Clay- ton L, Blsscll taught at the Air Corps tactical school that the old B-17 was invulnerable to attack, un- less a fighter flew above it and dropped n bull and chain arrange- ment into its propeller. There is no such silly nonsense today, but fltrhter officers are beginning to mutter thnt the old bias in the Air Force high command is be- ginning to assert itself once more. EVERY SERVICE HAS these problems. There is only one solu- tion for unsensation- al, non-partisan weapons evalua- ALSOP (.Continued on Faje 9, Column 3.) (about will be made available to the secretariat. Of this, rubles is to be contribut- ed by Russia and each by the five satellite members. 6. Mixed companies will be set up as between member states to facilitate the objectives of the coun- cil. force her demand for return of her contributions to the teacher's re- tirement fund. She said she needed the money for treatment of cancer. State officials said the law pro- hibited return of the. money unless Dr. Bomar resigned. She quit June 1 and started immediately for Rochester. "You're not telling us that Tim' magazine would do the same thing as the Daily Worker." "It's a matter of re plied Chambers. Later, 'Bernard Barnes, assistan to the president of Time, this comment: "We use every legitimate source of information that'we can. Timi is a member of The Associatec Press, has editorial offices in 2' cities in the United States anc abroad, over 180 correspondents and string men, plus 48 research ers, all of them gathering and ver ifying news." Con wet Gives Blood in Effort To Save Life of Dying Child Ossininsr, N.Y, A life- term Sing Sing with no promise of risk- ed his life in a daring effort to save that of a dying child. In a last-resort experiment, the blood of the prisoner and an eight-year-old girl has been co-mingled to try to pump new life into the child's Veins, The girl is dying of dread leukemia, a blood disease in which the white blood cells keep Increasing. Dr. Charles C. Sweet, chief prison doctor, .told of the strange experiment yesterday. For five-hour intervals on our successive days this week the prisoner allowed 3ie poison- ed blood of the child to flow through his own blood stream while his blood circulated through her. Eighteen quarts of blood flowed between the two during the course of 'She experi- ment, it was estimated. Outcome of the test still is undetermined. Doctors hoped, however, that thex prisoner could absorb enough of the dis- eased blood to save the child -without being stricken by the disease. Their names were not divulged. Prison officials said a number of inmates volunteered: for the experiment after Dr. Sweet heard of the case. The one" elected was chosen because his blood "typed up" with that of the child's.] foot wooden box. "We don't know how this' hap- Patrick said, "but there are a lot of angles." He did not elab- orate. Disabled Oil Tanker Adrift Miami, Fla. Guard cutters and commercial tugs were to renew their efforts today to save a disabled oil tanker adrift in heavy seas off the northeast Florida coast. The St. Claire oil com- pany's tanker wallowed in swells about 100 miles east northeast of Jacksonville with a crew of 42 men aboard. The Coast Guard cutter Black- haw radioed Coast Guard head- quarters here last night that a tow line parted and the flagship Sinco desired no further towing attempts during the night. The flagship Sinco, of the Sin- clair Ofl Company's tanker fleet, ner, Thomas Poulter, had been alerted that someone was prowling around the new National Tea Com- pany store at South 76th street and Lyndale avenue shortly before dawn. In the darkness the officers found two or three men trying to jimmy a back door. Seeing the policemen's approach, the burglars fled on foot. Babcock and Poulter gave chase. When one prowler reached Aid- had 15 feet of water in her engine room. A broken casing let the sea Photo by R. K. Stebbins, St. Charles way 14 near St. Charles. All three youths are-confined hi a Ro- chester hospital for treatment of their injuries. 3 St. Mary's Youths Hurt in Car Mishap Two St. Mary's college .students were injured critically and ft third suffered less serious injuries in an automobile accident on high- way 14, about one-half mile west of St. Charles early this morning. Confined in St. Mary's hospital at Rochester this morning were: Joseph J. Elston, 20, Royal Oak, Mich., the most seriously injured suffered a skull fracture. His condition was described as "very serious." Paul Schmidt, 19, Chicago, suffered a fractured skull but not quite as seriously injured as Elston. Donald Martin, 21, Highland Park, m, escaped with bruises of the face and legs. The accident occurred at about a. m., today while the three British Rail Strike Seen Over Weekend paralyzing week- end strike on most of Britain's state-owned railways appeared cer- tain today as trainmen defied both the Labor government and union leaders. thei; The imminent stoppage was all shortly before a. m. the more serious this weekend be cause of the Whitsuntide holiday exodus to resort areas. The rail- way executives, operating the rail- roads for the government, had plan ned extra trains for the week end. Onion leaders met with a com mittee of engineers and firemen vealed that the car driven by Elston who threaten to tie up lines be ;ween London and northern Eng- land and Scotland. They made a final desperate appeal to the train- men to continue work. The trainmen got a blunt "no' rom the government's railway ex- rich avenue, one block west of theiecutive, when they promised to store, he turned and fired a pistol. neck. The man and his companions escaped. work Sunday if work schedules were The bullet struck Babcock in the changed. They are protesting against schedules that require them to spend a night away from home. Four of 14 Escaped Criminals Captured Moundsville, W. Va. Four Moundsville, was responsible for of the 14 long-term prisoners who catching Taylor, Skeen said. broke out of West Virginia state penitentiary were rounded up today pour in. Captain J. H. Tibbetts, master of the stricken vessel, said his crew was but added 'it is questionable how long we can stay afloat." WEATHER FEDERAL FOEECAST Winona and air tonight and Sunday. Slightly tonight. Low tonight 54, high Sunday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 return, the warden said. lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum. 83; itiiniTtinin, 60; noon, 76; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 3. a little more than 24 hours after store shortly before 9 a. m. in search they had sawed their way to free- dom. Warden Orel J. Skeen said Dennis P. 'Taylor, 27, Jack Henney, 27, Donald Wurster, 23, and one other man not identified immediately were captured in the Rosby's Rock vicinity about six miles east of here. Taylor, serving a 25-year sentence from Kanawha county for a armed robbery, caught by an alert country store proprietor as he entered the establishment to buy food. The other three were apprehended in the woods nearby, where they Fritzman leveled a rifle at Taylor when the convict came into the apparently -were awaiting Taylor's side fired at two or three men who Heeney was serving a Me sen- tence as e. habitual and Wurster a 30-year term for armed robbery and kidnaping. Floyd Fritzmaji, who runs a store at Glen Easton, ten miles from of food. The grocer recognized bis prison garb. The warden said Taylor offered no resistance, adding: "One of the citizens at the store put a gun on him and held him at bay, until one of the officers came and got him." Convicts Traced To Eastern Ohio Bellaire, for fu- gitives from the West Virginia state penitentiary was concentrated in this area of eastern Ohio today. Constable Harry Miller of Shady- youths were traveling west toward Rochester. The time of the accident was established by a farm, resident near the scene of. the accident who stated that she heard a loud crash Trucker Stops The driver of a semi-trailer passed the accident site soon after the mishap and notified St. Charles Constable Jack Hessig. Hessig call- ed .Deputy Sheriff Francis Jensen and he, in turn, summoned Sheriff. George Fort. Sheriff Fort's investigation re- fled from a highway into the. hills. The fugitives dropped a clothing bag containing a prison cap, No. 30988. It belonged to Mifce Abies, 37, one of 14 prisoners who fled from the prison at' Moundsvllle, W. Va., yesterday. Abies is a lifer.; apparently struck a soft shoulder while he was attempting to negoti- ate a sharp turn at high speed just outside of St. Charles. Tire tread marks showed that Elston managed to bring the car back on the highway but that the machine overturned and rolled over four times be- fore coming to rest on its side, still on the highway in the westbound lane of traffic. The boys were thrown out of the car and were lying on the highway when an ambulance from St. Char- es arrived to take them to the hos- pital. They were treated at the site by Dr. R. L, Page, St. Charles, Hospital attaches stated this morning that Elston was In ex- .remely critical condition and that he had not regained consciouaiess at 10 a. m. He and Schmidt, who also suffered a fractured skull, were he most seriously injured while he condition of Martin was de- scribed as "good." Spring- Exams Officials at St. Mary's college explained that the three students lad completed spring term exam- inations this week and were pre- jarlng to return to their homes for h'e summer vacation period. The parents of all.three had ar- jrived-----or were expected to in Winona yesterday, to accompany each on the trip home. The Elstons arrived in the city Friday afternoon and the youths were riding in their car when the accident occurred. The 'Martins are reported to have come here last night, and the Schmidts were here this .The families, notified of the ac- cident, went Immediately to Ro- chester. Sheriff Fort stated that the trunk of the car was filled with packed suitcases. ;