Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 3, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
PARTLY CLOUDY SATURDAY READ DICK TRACY BACK PAGE DAILY VOLUME 49, NO, 91 WINONA. MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JUNE 3, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY EIGHTEEN PAGES Part of Missing ranium F oun Lucas Yields To Changes in T-H Act Repeal Senate Democrats Confer on Labor Plans Giannini, Founder of World's Largest Bank, Succumbs at 79 Firemen Battle Blaze in wreckage of Venezuelan-bound cargo plane which crash-landed on edge of bay south of Miami, Fla., today. The plane was forced down when an engine dropped out shortly after taking off for Caracas. There were no passengers aboard and the three crew members escaped injury. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Crop Storage Plan Farmer Loses Awaits Truman O. Appeal To High Court President Truman's signature was needed to- day to set in operation a vast system of government-supplied storage from farm crops, especially wheat and corn. Both the House and Senate gave speedy approval yesterday to com- promise legislation authorizing the Agriculture department's multi- billion dollar commodity credit corporation to undertake the program. The House and Senate had passed differing crop storage bills. The House accepted an earlier compromise version, but the Sen- ate turned it down, after objec- tions were raised to a provision giving Secretary of Agriculture Bracnan power to name the CCC's The Alsops Lilienthal Questioning Disappoints By Joseph Alsop opening of the puullo Inquiry into the Atomic En- ergy commission's "Incredible mal- administration" a truly re- markable show, With considerable pomp but little precision, Senator Bourko B. HlcketUooper fired a barrage of peanuts at David E. Llllonthal. The sensation seekers, disappointed, went away saying the senator would have to do a lot better If he wanted to make his .stick. And no one at all six directors. The new compromise continues the Senate's power of confirma- tion over the six officials. But Bran- nan has "general supervision and direction" over the directors and the agency has loan authority of about for farm price support operations, crop issue St. Paul, Stark, wealthy Gibbon farmer convicted of slavery, today lost his appeal in the Minnesota supreme court "to have the state courts determine how much back wages he owed a farmhand. The high tribunal affirmed Judge Joseph Morarity of Scott county district court, who held that Stark was not entitled to an accounting under the declaratory judgment law. Stark now is in Sandstone federal prison serving a three and one- half year term for enslaving Fran- cisco A, Rodriquez, the farmhand. He also was fined in federal district court at Mankato last year.j San Mateo, Calif. A. P. Gi- annini, founder and president of the Bank of America, the world's largest bank, died at his home! ihere this morning. He Was 79. j Death was attributed to heart) disease. He had been in bed for jnearly a month with a persistent [cold, which doctors said apparent- ly aggravated a heart condition. Giannini founded the Bank of It- aly in 1904. It later became the Bank of America, a six billion dol- lar corporation. He was retiring in one respect! only one. He retired several] times from business. But each time! he found himself driving into thei center of more activity than ever' before. He first retired. in 1901 when i he was only 31. Out of the coin- In principle, I approve of somejmission business, he became a, amendments. j banker. Because the bank's direc-i He wouldn't go into detail. I tors turned thumbs down on his His statement came as the Sen-1 unorthodox ideas, he founded his By Max Hall Senate Demo- cratic Leader Lucas of Illinois came out today for some amendment of the Truman administration's bill for reneal of the Taft-Hartley act. In the first official indication that President Truman's hard-pressed forces in the Senate are ready to support a compromise in- a last- minute effort to win votes, Lucas said in an interview: ents had him christened Amadeo Peter. When he was seven his father died and his mother married Joseph Scatena, a San Francisco commission merchant. The busi- I ness fascinated the boy and when jhe was only 12 he started working his way into it. Sneaked From Hope To Work Barefooted, carrying his shoes so his disapproving mother would I atomic bottle has been found, but I not hear him, he sneaked out of the search goes on for some of the Committee In Recess Until Monday Loss of Atomic Material Due To Carelessness Washington Wl A missing the house in the dead of night, uranium-235 which was in it. (just as the commission "day" was( ,-r, i and made himself useful Senator McMahon (D.-Conn.) 'about his stepfather's establish- made that announcement yester- ment. jday as his atomic He kept up his school work but energy committee adjourned, prob- j going with Scatena on buying trips. I into charges of "incredible mis- jOnce when the elder man was cal-jmanagement" made against David lied home suddenly, Amadeo Lilienthal by Senator Hicken- ate's disrupted Democrats bank. behind closed doors for what might be an all-day conference on labor! legislation. The Senate itself startsjtired turning the bank over Spectacular Comeback After 20 years in -banking he re- its labor debate Monday. I to its employes. -That was in 1924. Mr. Truman himself has stoutlyjThen he MS holding company maintained that he opposes anj compromise. The C.T.O. and A.F.L have announced they aren't dead set against all amendments, bul they say they will never agree to antistrike injunctions. The administration which would replace Taft-Hartley with a modified Wagner compromised in the House, but losl anyhow. The compromise, introduced by Representative Sims (D.-S.C.) with the vigorous backing of Speaker Sam Rayburn (D.-Texas) added a few Taft-Hartley provisions to the Truman bill, including 80-day in- junctions in national emergency strikes. Authority for federal seizure of slants is what some Democrats, like Senator Humphrey are ad- vocating as a means of dealing with strikes which imperil the national wealth or safety. la an interview Humphrey said IB would propose a seizure amend- ment to the Truman bill at today's Democratic conference. .seemed shocked. After all, this sort of inquiry has n favorite scene of the uinntcurN of the Washington (Irumn. The vast white marble cau- cus chamber of the Semite office building, so unpleasantly sugges tivo of the Interior of an expensive piece of plumbing, fills up early with spec-tutors. The press and ra- dio crowd In, The photographers lights Illuminate the room with a theatrical glare. 1HOIUND THK LONG committee Uble, the senators land on this occasion the representatives) of the Investigating committee ack< nowlcdge the presence of the pho- togrrnpiici's by putting on their most portentous1 public faces. The chnlr- nur.i's voice positively booms with solemnity when he opens the pro- ceedings. The victim marches to the stand. And there follows the questioning, the interminable ques- tioning, which is so oddly not aimed to find out the truth and place it In proportion. Tho aim of the questioning, of course, Is simply to prove a set of charges already preferred by the Investigating committee or one. of U.s members. Hence the tone! controlled 80th Congress had de- nied the CCC authority to provide storage for crops under price-sup- porting loans. Republicans insisted that Bran nan had ample authority to buy grain bins and rent or even give these away to farmers for storage. Without approved storage farmers must sell on the market, often at less than the government support level. As now approved, the bill would allow the Commodity Credit Cor- poration to buy, lease or even build elevators, warehouses and other storage facilities if it found exist- ing storage inadequate. Legislators Not Eligible for State Commission amount. "The sole disputed question In this case is as to the amount of the Associate Jus- tice C. R. Magney said. "The de- murrer raises the propriety of hav- ing such a question determined in a declaratory judgment action. "It certainly is not the kind of a controversy that was intended to be disposed of by an action of this kind. It is our opinion that the provisions of the declaratory judgment act are not available In this situation." Rodriquez has claimed he was promised a month wages, court records show, stark contend- ed he had offered him a month, in addition to board and room, and higher wages after he became ex- perienced. St. Paul Attorney Gen- Second Bomb Exploded During Franco's Visit Amadeo F. Giannini to rehabilitate his structure, with- out salary, but drawing on funds previously credited to his account. That brought trouble with the Securities Exchange Commission, and spread its subsidiaries in all lit charged he was misleading directions, and retired again. This time he was pushed out by Wall Street power. He made a comeback in a spec- tacular proxy fight. That was in stockholders. Criticizing other fi- nancial operations, the commission in 1938, brought civil court actions against him. Giannini was born May 6, 1870, the depression after the 1929 stock in San Jose, some 50 miles south market debacle. He worked hard lot San Francisco. His Italian par- over the buying. Thereafter he kept the job. Scatena made his stepson a part- ner when the latter was only 19 Then "AP" worked to build up the firm. He bought produce all over the state and the business prospered so that in 1901 he de- cided he had enough and "retired." Meanwhile, in 1892, he had mar ried Clorinda Cuneo. Giannini had two sons and a daughter. One son. Lawrence Mario, became president of the Bank of America. The other son, Virgil, worked in the bank before htf died. The daughter, Claire, mar- ried Clifford Hoffman. Chambers Says He Lied to Get Government Job Rent Increases Ranse To 100% Under Decontrol By Sterling F. Green the two months since It became law, rule" rent control has brought results ranging from minor increases in some places to a tew rent boosts up to 100 per cent. Under the bill passed March 29, communities could be decontrolled by their local governing the state governor's whole states could be decontrolled by their legislatures. An Associated Press survey show- ed today that 16 cities and towns, including Knoxville, Term., Ama- riHo, Texas, and McAlester, Okla., have lifted their own rent controls, New cross-examin- ing lawyer drew from Ex-Commu- nist Whittaker Chambers yesterday an acknowledgement that he once lied to get a federal job and that he lost another job after being ac- cused of stealing. Chambers, the government's key nofs' has thus far J voted state-wide decontrol, witness in the perjury trial of for with the approval of state gover- Barcclona. The sec- Walter E. Swanson imer state Department Official Al- ii ger Hiss, returns to the witness stand today for further cross-ex- amination by defense counsel. The defense began its rapid-fire questioning yesterday after the stocky, soft-spoken Chambers un- folded in federal court a story of a prewar Soviet spy ring which he said was fed government secrets by Hiss. The 44-year-old Hiss, who sat .calmly beside his wife, Priscilla during Chambers' testimony, is ac cused of lying when he denied be fore a federal grand jury that hi ever gave confidential documents to Chambers. Counsel Lloyd Paul Stry ker drew from Chambers the ad mission that he committed perjury in 1937 when he took an oath o office for a job with the Works Progress administration. Chambers said he swore to sup the constitution although he was a communist dedicated to "help overthrow our country by force." "It was perjury wasn't ask ed Stryker. "It said Chambers. members of the 1947 and 1949 legis- Intures are not eligible for appoint- ment as state railroad and ware- house commissioner. Governor Youngdahl asked for a egal opinion as to the eligibility of t ond bomb in 4S hours exploded herej 61, semicrippled for ten years, ;he lawmakers bnt did not indicate his reasons. He must fill the vacan- cy created by the death of Frank W. Matson as a member of the commission. investigation. On Wednesday today during Generalissimo Fran- cisco Franco's visit to this Cata- louian capital. No one was injured in either explosion. demonstrates in Chicago that he is ready to break his cane and throw it away, after 11 days treatment with a new The small bomb went off this! hormone. Swanson was barely morning in the St. Pancras chap-j el of Barcelona's cathedral. An un- identified man, praying In front of the alcove chapel was shaken up, The altar and other fixtures in the chapel were destroyed. A larger bomb exploded Wednes- morning in the cellar of po- ator Hlckcnlooper sounded moreibers are'not eligible for appoint- Uce headquarters, also without cas- llko 11 i-mmtv t.rvlncr TT- __ tiialHoc? trying a mellt. He also pointed out that i J Senator appointment of the 1949 legislator I Franco arrived Tuesday with his the United States questioning this .time would be within the: wife and daughter for a Week-long great public servant on the grav- time for whirfi t.hpv wwo Piprtprt I visit, in t.ho great public servant on the grav- est possible charge, One trouble was that the points bfQiipfht up by Senator Hickenloop- er were anything but grave. He is a small, serious, bespectacled sharp-faced, flat-voiced man, who is ordinarily one of the soundest and most useful Republican law- makers. His face seemed to get sharper, and his voice took on edge, when he asked Lilienthal question after question about changes In the commission's per- sonnel. HIS OBJECT, he announced, was to prove "lack of continuity" in the administration of the AEC, He had already declared, In his open- ing statement, that he would re- sist any attempt to judge the qual- ity of the AEC administration by the results achieved. The old rule about the proof of the pudding was not for him. And his anxiety to pin Lilienthal down to the narrow points on which he was quizzing (Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) ALSOP time for which they able to hobble with a cane and was stooped with constant pain, less than two weeks ago. Now he walks easily and erect- ly around his room in Wesley Memorial hospital in Chicago. The new hormone product, which is produced by Armour Research Laboratories, is call- ed A.C.T.H., and is an extract from the pituitary glands of hogs. (AP Wirephoto.) I Thesn Mayo Clinic staff members, with two others not pictured, yesterday reported "encouraging re- sults" in the use of compound E in the treatment of acute rheumatic fever. The compound is described as an adrenal hormone. Left to right above, the doctors are C. H, Slocumb, E. C. Kendall, P. S. Hench and H. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Bolivian Mine Strike Ended La Paz, tin miners have agreed to end a bloody strike in which at least 40 per- sons, including two Americans, were killed, a government official said last night. Guillermo Estrada, prefect of La Paz department, said the miners and government had reached an agreement which also called for withdrawal of troops'from the mln- mg region and payment of Indem- nities to widows of slain miners. Earlier the Patino Company said 80 per cent of the workers at its Huanuni mine had gone back to! work yesterday. j The government, which has charged the six-day walk-out was politically inspired, Interpreted the back to work agreement as avert- ing a revolution it said was planned by the rightist nationalist revolu- tionary movement This is a 25-Cent Week Since no paper was published Memorial day, Republican-Her- ald carriers will collect for only fire days or 25 cents this week- end from all subscribers receiv- ing their papers by carrier. The bill also gave the federa government power to reimpose con- trols where it had lifted power which prompted Housing Ex- pediter Tighe Woods to decontro more than 100 areas. Landlord reaction to community state and federal decontrol has varied greatly. Some areas reported practically no boosts. But in Ameri- cus, Ga., decontrolled from Wash- ington, rents rose so sharply that the town is being recontroUed to- day. In Nebraska, with state-wide de- control, the leading real estate fig- ure has announced ten per cent in- creases and has asked his fellow landlords to show similar "restraint' they hurt the cause of de- control. Some 100% Increases In Amarillo, which decontrolled itself, the Globe-News says rent boosts generally have been "a con- servative 20 to 25 per cent" but adds that some rents were doubled. In McAlester these among other early increases were noted: A house went from to a month; an apartment house went up on each apartment. In most -of the area decontrolled from Washington in early April, rent rises have been moderate. Gen- erally, decontrol 3s sticking. But the rent advisory board at Americus reported boosts ranging up to 100 per cent in the two con- a-ol-free months. The local citizens' board was unanimous in asking the return of ceilings. The real estate man on the board made the motion Several state legislatures have ;aken up decontrol bills. Such a bill passed; in Florida, but the gov- ernor hasn't signed yet. Texas egislators are battling on the issue Four states have turned down de- control bills Iowa, Tennessee North Carolina and Oklahoma. Few figures are available on 'home rule" decontrol, but these nation-wide tendencies were noted Governors Taking Time Decontrol movements tend to cen- ;er in the South and Southwest rhey occur most frequently ir smaller communities. Industrial New England and the fast-growing Pacific Northwest show little In- clination to drop ceilings. And most governors are taking their time about approving local decontrol requests. Eleven cities and towns have voted for raising con- trols but are awaiting action by the governor, one town, Ocean View, Va., ran into a governor's veto. Nebraska, the pioneer' state In decontrol, will cast off ceilings by November i, under a law passed over the veto of Governor Val Peterson. One Omaha landlord will boost rents 73 per cent on one of his apartments. But he says this is an extreme .case in which, the present rent -is inequitable. little Hoover' Commission Asked For Wisconsin Madison, of "Little Hoover" commission in Wis consin was urged yesterday by Car Thompson, of Stoughton, unsuccess ful Democratic candidate lor gover nor last ye'ar. Thompson spoke before the as sembly judiciary committee in favo of a bill to empower the governor tc examine state departments and or der reorganizations it they are deem ed necessary. "It's almost necessary to have a scandal to bring about departmen Thompson declared 'This would be a positive action to eliminate the troubles before the people get up in arms." Thompson quoted from a speech by Governor Rennebohm asking for such a study and reorganization plan. Rennebohm was correct Thompson said, in pointing out tha only a few state officials are dfrectlj responsible to the governor, although the governor is accountable to the voters for the administration of the departments of the state govern- ment. Only opposition to the bill came !rom Gladys.Walsh, Madison. She said the governor and the legislature lave the power to make recommen- dations and contended that the placing of powers such as the bill tsks could lead to dictatorship ac- ions. Under'the measure, the governor's reorganization plans would be sub- ject to the approval of the legisla- ture If it was in session. If the plan were presented between sessions the approval of the legislative council would be required. Smith Reveals Why Stalin Can Dominate Talks New york Lieutenant General Walter Bedell Smith, former ambassador to Russia, says Prime Minister Stalin once told him: "We do not want war any more than the West does, but we are less interested in peace than the Went and therein lies the strength of our position." Smith told the Chamber of Commerce of the state of New York last night that "the Rus- sian people have what they want politically." "They have no real under- standing of democratic processes and the secret police it much more efficient than it ever was during the czarist anywhere in the world." Smith, now commander of the First Army, said any uprising against the present Soviet re- gime-ii unlikely. looper Lih'enthal heads the Atomic En- ergy commission, whose Argonne national laboratory in Chicago missed the bottle of fissionable material last February. It con- tained an ounce of U-235, seven- tenths of which has now been re- covered. McMahon said the commission's General Manager Carroll Wilson had reported to the committee that the missing bottle was dug out of a large steel box of waste material in the Argonne laboratory's special radio-active "burial ground." The uranium apparently had been spilled from the bottle, after which the container was discarded. It was all due to "carelessness and negligence" McMahon said. Besid2s pressing its inquiry into the matter of the still missing eighth-ounce of U-235 he said, the joint committee is branching out its investigation of the commission to find out why construction of a secret atomic installation is costing 'home three times the original estimate. The installation, located at Han- ford, Wash., is being built by the General Electric Corporation. The congressional committee, at the instigation of Hickenlooper, its former chairrnan. Is conducting a Toroadscale probe of the atomic commission's management under Lih'enthal. Hickenlooper has de- manded Lilienthal's firing. The second face-to-face meeting between the two yesterday pro- duced bitter, angry questioning and testimony as the Iowa senator sought to demonstrate that the commission had granted emergency security clearance to far too many of its employes. Lilienthal flatly Insisted that speedy clearance had been neces- sary in a number of cases to keep the nation's atomic program op- erating position which, Hickenlooper angrily refused to acfcept. The committee followed this up with a lengthy closed-door session with the five atomic commission- ers and members of their staff. It was then that Wilson reported recovery of the uranium bottle. McMahon related the story this way: Some uranium oxide and Its "en- riching one ounce of U-235, was poured out of the bottle into a waste container by a thus -far unidentified laboratory worker. The bottle was then sent to the commission's metal recovery plant. where it was tossed into a steel box along with other radioactive waste materials. The box was buried. When the uranium loss was dis- covered, the waste container at he plant was sent to Oak Ridge, Tenn., where all but one-eighth of an ounce was recovered. Then' several days ago, a spe- cially equipped crew, working in he presence of an F.B.L agent, spaded up three buried boxes in he Argonne area and found the jottle they were seeking at the bottom of one of them. Records showed that the bottle was the right one. )ororhy Ford Gets viarriage Annulment Ventura, Calif. Dorothy Ford, six-foot three-inch "glam- azon" of the movies, has obtained annulment of her Las Vegas, Nev., marriage to James Sterling on the grounds that both were drunk at he time. Her superior court suit said the wo never lived together after the ,pril 25 rites and that Miss Ford lid not know she was a bride until wo days after .the ceremony. Ster- ling, a personnel man, did not con- est the suit. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Saturday. No important temperature change. Low onight 56, high Saturday 78. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 78; minimum, 61; noon, 8; precipitation, trace; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow t Additional weather on Page 3.