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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - June 1, 1948, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER tonight, partly cloudy tVntlncadny; no ciinniro In tompornlure. FM IS HERE Dial 97-5 for the Best In Radio Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations VOLUME 48. NO. 89 WJNONA, MINNESOTA TUESDAY EVENING, JUNE 1. 1948 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES THE ALSOPS Marshall Not Always At Helm By Joseph Alsop Washington It to realize that for Is Important Thousands Flee Columbia Flood purposes, Secretary of State George C. Marshall has not been In full control of tho formation of Ameri- can foreign policy for some time. Tho Palestine problem Is tho most delicate and dangerous single pro- blem that has confronted this country for many years. If .handled, it Is capable of bringing! down In ruins the wholo laborious-' ly erected structure of our foreign relations. Yet Palestine policy has; lately in effect been formulated In I a sort of no-man's land, some- whero between tho Democratic national committee and tho White House. This of course represents a re- turn to the state of affairs that prevailed until a month ago, Equally, of course, it will be denied that there has been any such re- turn. And It Id true that Secretary Marshall and his staff are stll! drafting the formal Instructions for Senator Warren R, Austin at Lake Success, This, however. Committee Social Security Expansion Bill A Republican- sponsored bill to add per- sons to the social security program was approved today by the House ways and means committee. This is a much smaller expansion .than President Truman proposed all practical' He asked Congress last week to bring more persons Into tho program and to raise old age benefits. Representative Reed (R.-N.Y.) said the committee vote today was unanimous. docs not- repre- sent real control of policy forma- tion. Specifically. Secretary Mar- shall wns expelled from the driver's scat with tho .surprise appointment of Major General John S. H'.ll- drlng as State department Palcs- tlnu advisor. This appointment was announced to Marshal! and Under Secretary of State Robert A. Lov- ctt by advance clopo stories In the press, which contained the planted Interpretation that partment was sedecl. Since then, tho state de- being super- on two vital stops, the nclvlco of Secretary Mar- shall his statf hns once been ignored and has once not been solicited. SPECIFICALLY, Secretary Mar- shall and Under Secretary Lovctt opposed tho precipitate recognition of tho State of Israel. They fav- ored rapid recognition. But they wanted time to notify London anc! other friendly capitals, nncl to go through the normal formalities in Palestine. Tho President insisted upon dramatic, Immediate- action (or rather tho President's personal Advisers Induced tho President to net flramatically nnd Immediately) because It was desired to placate tho American Zionists ana fore- stall the Russians, Again Secretory Marshall and his fitatf wcro not consulted before the President invited Dr. Chalm Wclz- marin to tho Whlco House, Dr. Welzmnun Is one of the great men of our time, to whom any courtesy from President Truman must be an inadequate tribute. But tho fact remains that the Welzmann visit was at least made to appear a major development of American policy. Over this development, Sec- retory Marshall had no control. And this development, furthermore, came close to upsetting the crucial talks In London between Ambassa- dor Lewis Douglas and Foreign Secretary Ernest Bovln, which Sec- retary Marshall did control. This sort ot thing Is all the more astonishing because President Tru- man Is known to feel for Secretary Marshall something of the namlra- (Contlnuctl on I'IIKO 10, Column G.) AI.SOl'S Jewish Air Raid Perils Truce Talks By Max Boyd Cairo (XP) Jewish airmen bombed Amman, Trans-Jordon, a few hours before Arab league lead- ers met there today on a cease fire proposal for the Palestine war. Dispatches from King Abdullah's little capital across the Jordan from Palestine sold the bombing aroused bitterness. Obesrvcrs there said tho raids may have blasted away the faint hope of a United Nations truce. The attack came as the Arab allies reported their troops and armor massing on a 40-mile front In an effort to throw a noose around Tel Aviv, the heart of Israel. The British announced in-Haifa that-un R, A. F. field near Amman also was struck, Arab officials in Trans-Jordan salcl six Arab civil- ians, including two were killed. Tho British put the total dead nt 12. and tho wounded at 30. Officials in Amman said only one plane was sighted in each of four runs over Amman, the' last Just at dawn. They said about ten bombs, some of them incendiaries, were dropped, but that the only property damage was to a building housing a worker's family. Tel Aviv has been the target for Egyptian attacks from tho air vir- tually every day since May 16. One such attack wrecked a bus terminal with a heavy loss of life. Indications in Cairo had been that the Arabs would accept a four- week truce plan of the security council only on condition the Jews would repudiate their new state of Israel. Tho Jews have given every Indication they would resist such a demand. While the political lenders talked, there was no sign of a letup in the fighting. Official word from both sides indicated a major battle Is browing along a winding 40-mile front from Jerusalem northwest to Tolkarrn, an inland city in Arab territory, equidistant from Haifa and Tel Aviv. The Jews acknowledged that Iraqi troops, moving south, are only nine miles from Tel Aviv at one point. One Arab informant said Iraqi soldiers were only three miles from the city, but this has not been con- firmed. Holiday Death Toll Over 400; 13 in State Darwin Spores of Melrose Drowns in Boat Mishap By The Associated Press The nation's death toll from vlo- lont accidents over the extended Memorial day holiday crossed the 400-mark today. Traffic accidents as usual at a holiday period, caused more than half of the fatalities Minnesota reported 13 deaths, Wis- consin 11. Deaths of a violent nature report- ed from 6 p. m. Friday up to mid- night Monday totaled In- cluding the unknown number dead In the Vanport, Ore., flood. The toll compared to 504'violent deaths over the three-day 1947 Me- morial day holiday and to 292 over a similar period In 1946. Last year's big total was boosted considerably because of two serious airline crashes in which 95 persons were killed anc tornadoes In Arkansas and Okla- homa which took the lives ol 43. Autos on Roads An estimated automo- biles were on the country's highway, over the three-day holiday period and more than 200 persons were killed In traffic mishaps. Of the 404 violent deaths, 204 died in motor ac- cidents; 92 persons drowned, and others lost their lives In accidents of miscellaneous nature Including plane crashes, fires, falls and other causes. The National Safety council had estimated that unless caution was exercised by motorists 225 persons would be killed In traffic accidents laturday, Sunday and Monday. Pennsylvania. Illinois, New York, California, Ohio, Texas and Michi- gan counted the largest death tolls. Nevada, New Hampshire, North Da- kota, Vermont and the District of Columbia did not report a single vio- lent death. Pennsylvania ranked first with a total of 33 dead, including 14 traffic fatalities. Illinois was second with 25, followed by New York's 25, Calif- ornia's 24, Ohio's 20, Texas' 19 and Michigan's 18. 13 Dead in .Minnesota. Minnesota counted 13 dead, eight of them auto victims. Three men and a woman were drowned and a small child, member of a grave-decorating 'party, died when a tombstone fell onto him, The auto victims were: Larry Van Nevel, six, killed in a two-car collision on highway 23 four miles west of Marshall. His parents, Mr. and Mrs. Edward Van Nevel, (Continued on Paffe 9, Column I.) ACCIDENTS Marlln Hunter Dead Karlln H. Hunter, 59, head of the University of Illinois' department or economics, died yesterday after two weeks' hos- pitaltzation hero for treatment ol a Two Mental Patients Missing at Oshkosh Oshkosh, mental patients described as "not danger- ous" still were missing today from the Wlnnebago State hospital. They are Alfred Bergs, 30, of St. Cloud (Fond du Lac Wis., and Oscar Jokl, 38, believed to be from Milwaukee. They were missed, at the regular check-up Sunday Death Toll City Engulfed Property Over Houses Crushed By Paul W. Harvey, Jr. Portland, flood- swollen Columbia river, which al- ready has caused the Pacific North- west's greatest disaster, brought a new threat today to the heavily- populated section within 120 miles of Its mouth. No estimate of damage was avail- able except that the Portland Hous- ing authority said crumbling of tho war-bom city ot Vanport cost more than Army engineers had predicted the loss of crops and Safe of Wlnonans and persons In tho Vanport flood are safe. Winona relatives of Mrs. Thomas K. a teacher at Vanport, Ore., were informed that she the flood. Mm. Mur- phy a. sister of Joseph J. Lynch, 514 Washington street, an employe at the Winona. county garage. Oliver Christiansen of Homer today received word that his mother, Mrs. Tilllc Christian- son, his sister, Mrs. Nina Wl- fand and his niece who has a baby only a few months old, all escaped although all of their, possessions were lost in the flood. Altogether, 16 members of the family, including Mrs. Wi- fand'i daughters and their chil- dren, arc safe. 'Housing Units from flood-wrecked Vanport float In the vicinity ot the Meadows race track near Portland, Ore. They bad drifted nearly three miles through a new dike break last night. Other pictures appear tonight on Page 14. (Associated Press Wlrephoto to The Martin Named to Wisconsin Supreme Court, Broadfoot, Mondovi, Is Attorney General Madison, General John E. Martin, 56, -was j appointed to the Wisconsin supreme court by Governor Oscar Ben nebohrn today. Martin, a, veteran of ten years of state service, was chosen to succeed the late Chester A. Fowler, as a justice on Wisconsin1; highest court.' Justice Fowler died April 8, Assemblyman Grover Broadfoot public office, re-elected in 1946. heart ailment. night, hospital officials said. South St. Paul Stockyards Fire Loss 50 Cattle Perish John E. Martin (R.-Mondovi) was appointed to suc- ceed Martin as attorney general. The new justice practiced law in Green Bay and Milwaukee before being elected attorney general as a Republican in 1938 in his first bid for He subsequently was 1940, 1942, 1944 and Martin was the nephew of the late Joseph Martin, Green Bay, who served on the supreme court from 1934 until his death. March 19, 1946, Born In Green Bay Born in Green Bay November 15, 1891, Martin was the- son of the late Pat Martin, a prominent Green JBay attorney. A sixTs'iiimro Block Area of the large livestock yards in South St. Paul were swept by flre, sending up a huge smoke pall. (A.P. Wircphoto.) Loss today came in destruction of 88 stock_cars The yards occupy an area thrde- South St. Paul was estimated at more than SGOO.OOO in the pnxlrlc-llke fire which razed a fifth of the stockyards area here Memorial tiny. Three firemen were overcome by smoke as flames engulfed the tlncler- ctry sheds, corrals and stock chutes. Handlers freed cattle Into swampland along the Mississippi on tracks adjoining the yards.- E. L. Hoppcl, general livestock agent for tho Northern Pacific railroad, said the cattle cars, owned by various lines, were valued at apiece. A. L, Olson, president ol the St. Paul Union Stockyards Company, fourths of a mile long by a half rnilc wide. Full scale operations-were resumed only last week after a 67- day strike of CJ.O. United Packing House workers had been settled. A column of smoke visible 15 miles away arose from the blaze U. S. Communist Party Director Ordered Deported Washington The Justice department today announced the arrest for deportation of Jacob Abraham Stachel, national director I of education for the American Com- munist party. The department said Stachel was picked up by immigration agents In front of his residence at 203 _____ ____ West 94th street, New York is this morning. He was removed to credited with saving the state thou- Ellls island to await deportation sands Of dollars a year, proceedings. Special counsel had been hired Stachel is accused of illegally en- to work on state cases. Martin dis- tering this country and of Joininglcontlnued practice and hired a subversive organization after his several assistants to do the same work at considerable less expense. attended grade and high schools in that city, and was at the TJniyerslty of Wisconsin for three years" before transferring to Notre Dame, where he was grad- uated from the law school in 1916. Martin enlisted in the army in the first world war and went overseas as a first lieutenant in the 127th infantry of the 32nd division. He fought in several major battles be- fore he was wounded at Cierges. In 1921 he was married to Mary Kerwin, Milwaukee. They have two children, Mary, 25, and John, 23, 30th of Madison. Under Martin's management the attorney general's office has long 3cen regarded as one of the most efficient of all state departments. Saved State Funds Shortly after assuming the of- entry. Theater Conference Planned Madison, Univer- sity of Wisconsin announced today It would conduct its third annual Wisconsin idea theater conference Juno 10-12. salcl one-fifth of that firm's facilities until it was brought under control was destroyed with a loss of two hours by the South St. wards of He said the figure included the 50 head of stock as well river but 50 heiul perished In the as large supplies of hay and straw. fast-moving wall of fire. None of the firemen was seriously hurt. Heaviest loss, more than Olson said the four-fifths capacity remaining would allow the yards to oporaCe until rebuilding Js started.] Paul and St. Paul fire departments. St. Paul is eight miles north of here. Tho nearby Swift and Armour packing plants were undamaged. Cause of the lire was not. deter- mined. The Mili- tary Air Transport service took over today air transportation for the Army, Navy and Air Force. The new single service absorbs the air transport command, es- tablished by the Army Air Forco in May, 1941, and the Naval Air Transport service, establish- ed December 12, 1941. Full serv- ices of both former services will continue, Washington President Truman' called today for ob- servance of Flag day on June 14. Mr. Truman's proclamation asked that the flag be dis- played on that day and that citizens reflect upon their res- ponsibilities under it. Martin must win two fore he can enter on the full ten year term to which justices ar chosen. Justice Fowler's unexpired term ends in January, 1942. Bu as no sitting justice is up for re election In April 1950, the appointee will have to run then for Fowler'., unexpired term. If Martin wins, hi will have to run again in April 1951, for the ensuing full term. Martin said he would not begin his new duties until Broadfoot had had an opportunity to become ac quainted with the attorney gen eral's office. "This should be within a period of about ten Martin said. Broadfooli 55, is serving his seconc term as assemblyman representing Buffalo nnd Pepin counties. He district attorney of Buffalo county Irom 1923 to 1935, and was a mem- ber ot the Wisconsin board of tax appeals from 1937 to 1943, A former mayor of Mondovi Broadfoot was graduated from the university of Wisconsin law school He is a veteran of World War I. Born at Independence, Wis., De- cember 27, 1892, BroadfOOt is a member of the state legislative council. Wisconsin Seed Testing Laboratory Is Popular Madison, are making extensive use of the state seed testing laboratory, the Depart- ment of Agriculture said today. In the last 11 months, the labora- tory tested approximately seed samples, 500 more than for the pre- vious 12-month period. Facilities of the department are available for testing lor purity and germination. Recent reports indicated a lower percentage of infestation with nox- ious weeds, the department said., 22 Men Drown When Navy Launch Swamps Norfolk, marines and 13 navy in Hampton Roads last night when a Navy launch swamped in choppy waters while returning 90 men to their ship after Memorial day liberty. Rear Admiral C. A. F. Sprague, commander of a 12-ship task force whose sailing for the Mediterranean was delayed by the tragedy, issued! this statement to newsmen at 9 a, m. today from his flagship, the aircraft carrier Kear- sarge: "Preliminary report of loss of life or missir.g personnel may be placed at 22, nine marines and 13 navy. "Report considered accurate and includes best estimate of possible stragglers" (men absent over Wind and Rainstorm "Further" checking now in prog- ress." The 50-foot open launch was swamped in a wind and rainstorm at p. m. as it was returning liberty party to the Kearsarge, 'anchored two miles off the Norfolk naval station. The launch, which was attached to the carrier, was swamped when only 200 yards off the Kearsarge's port beam. Sailing of tho task force was delayed indefinitely and its ships were placed on four-hour sailing notice, The Kearsarge has a complement of 200 officers and enlisted men, exclusive of the 1.000 marines. Other ships in the task force are the cruisers Fargo, Huntington, Juneau; the destroyers Putnam, Henley, W. Keith, J. C. Owens, Zeliers, Massey and Stormes, and the attack cargo ship Marquette. Grover Broa-Woot homes, and the spilling of valuable apsoil into the ocean might cost At least 20 persons had died in the flood before the Vanport tragedy. wThe nation's second largest river is at flood stage lor 750 the Canadian border to the Pacific ocean. The crest will reach tho Portland within the next 24 hours, but Army engineers last night began evacuating all persons in 43 drainage districts along tha lower Columbia. Thousands Move The number of persons betas evacuated in this 120-mile-long stretch was not known. Thousands of persons live in the many small towns and on the hundreds of farms In this area, but many already had headed for higher ground. In north Portland, where more than persons were left home- less In Sunday's Vanport disaster, iie flooded area was tripled by the bursting of two more dikes. On top of these two dikes were the ap- proaches to the Pacific highway, jrincipal north-south route. The these dikes left three square miles under -water, with houses from Vanport pouring hrough both gaps. Some of them turned end-over-end, and all hope of salvaging these was lost. No bodies have been recovered !rom Vanport. Some bodies might be swept so far they never would be "ound. Army engineers are investigating the "blow out" of the railroad em- bankment which resulted in the Vanport disaster. The rail fill was constructed 40 years ago. Comment- Ing on the fate of what once was Oregon's second largest" city, the Portland Housing authority an- nounced the agency "feels terribly, terribly bad that lives possibly were Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS ___ ._, ___ Winona and vicinity: Fair tonight. you can do is depend on ixrorinperfnv. tht advice of competent engineers." Partly cloudy Wednesday. Little change in. temperature. Low to- night 56; high Wednesday 86. LOCAL, WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at noon Sunday: Maximum, 73; minimum, 56; noon, '3: precipitation, none. OClcial observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Monday: Maximum, 78; minimum, 51; noon 78; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 83; minimum, 54; noon, 13; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATTJRES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Pep, Bemidji 85 52 Chicago 80 54 Denver 80 52 DCS Molnes 80 53 Duluth 83 58 nternational Falls.. 81 47 City .......79 55 Los Angeles .......74 57 tiami ............84 71 .27 Jinneapolls-St. Paul 81 54: seattle ............78 50 Edmonton .........80 51 legina ............83 56 Vinnlpeg ..........82 56 DAILY RIVER BULLETIN Flood Stage 24-hr. Stage Today Change led Wing 14 2.8 ,ake City 6.3 leads 12 3.4. Dam 4, 4.2 Dam 5, T.W....... 4.2 Dam 5A, T.W. 3.3 Winona 13 5.3 Dam G, Pool...... 9.8 Dam 6, T.W....... 4.4 >akota 7.5 3am 7, Pool...... S.4 Dam 7, T.W....... 2.1 a Crosse 12 4.8 Tributary Streams 'hippewa at Durand.. 1.4 urnbro at Thellman.. Trempealeau at Dodge. .2 .lack at Neillsvllle___2.6 Hack at Galesville----2.4 a Crosse at W. Salem r.6 loot at Houston. ,.....5.8 .1 .1 .2 .2 .2 .1 .1 1 competent engineers." Survivors are scattered in thou- (Continned on Page 9, Column 2.) FLOOD Radio City Movie In Minneapolis Robbed of Minneapolis W) Radio City theater was robbed of about S9.000, the long weekend receipts, last night and police today said they were without clues to the burglars who took the money from the office manager's safe. Eugene Bcrnath, police detective Inspector, said the robbery was re- ported shortlly before midnight last night. He said William Blake, the assistant manager who was in charge at the time, reported finding the strongbox open and four money bags containing the currency and cash missing. The loot included receipts from Saturday. Sunday and Monday, Ber- nath said Blake told him. The offi- cer said the office in which the safe was located was on the theater's main floor at the rear of a check- room. He added that employes who might have access to the office were being questioned. Fairmont, Mankato Improvements Set Kansas City Bids on post- office repair and improvement pro- ects at Fairmont and Manknto. will be taken in June the Public Buildings administration of the Federal Works agency said to- day. Bids will be taken here June 18 'or removal of present sidewalks and replacement with new concrete walks at the Fairmont postoffice. Workroom, floor and roof re- pairs at the Mankato postoffice are to be covered in bids to be taken hero June 21. ;