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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 30, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Continued Cool Tonight, Warmer Thursday 'EISENHOWER' By John Gunther Starts Friday VOLUME 52, NO. 139 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 30, 1952 TWENTY PAGES TODAY World Situation Tense By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON As usual when presidents are being nominated, foreign affairs.are forgotten. And as usual, like any unwatched pot, the jvorld situation is coming to a boil again. The British economic situation is increasingly appalling, and plenty of troubles threaten elsewhere in the world. But it is in Iran that the unwatched pot is really beginning again to boil fur- iously. The real meaning of what has been happening in Iran is simple enough. In the first place, the young, Hamlet-like Shah, once counted upon in the West as offer- ing re-insurance against a Soviet take-over in Iran, has lost his pow- er to Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and his extreme Na- tionalist followers. In the second place, Mossadegh himself is in turn in grave danger of losing his real power to the religious fanatic and violent Nationalist, Mullah Kashani, who has made an open aJliance with the Communist un derground. Two Stages This has happened in two stages When old Ahmed Qavam, who had promised to reach an oil settle- ment with the British, was arrest- ed last week after only four days in office, the Shah's power was in effect, 'destroyed. For the Shah funked his chance to use his pow- er, and now he has almost no pow er left to use. If the Shah had used the then still loyal array and security forces tt suppress the largely Communist- inspired anti-Qavam riots, 'he would now rule Iran in fact as well as name. But his more timid advisers warned civil war, and the Shah drew back. As a result, the army and the security forces are now wholly controlled by Mos- sadegh's National Front. Mossa- degh's deputy, Hussein Makki, has warned the Shah that the fate of Marie Antoinette awaits him if he now attempts to interfere. The ex- ile- of Egypt's King Farouk, who was also once hopefully regarded as re-insurance for the West, has lent point to this warning. For all practical purposes, the Shah is no longer a force to be reckoned with. The second stage was reached last week, when Mossadegh again took power. His first act was to call in the British and American ambassadors, and to talk much more sense than he ever had be- fore. Discusses Settlement Far more calmly than is his cus- tom, Mossadegh discussed the terms of a possible settlement. He talked of reasonable compensation for the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, with the company to have world- wide distribution rights, and with the details to be settled by a three man board, headed by a neutral, j These conversations in turn gave I rise to long, anxious discussions i in Washington and London. The British were at first reluc- tant to start negotiating again. But I just as they were on the point of j agreeing with the Americans to j accept the half loaf offered by j Mossadegh, rather than risk losing the whole Iranian loaf to the So-1 rms Asked for South Pacific NoM Sa enace in jaucers, Air Force Study Shows By VERN HAUGLAND AP Aviation Reporter WASHINGTON Air Force's still checking into flying saucer re- ports, but it's certain of one thing: The they seem to be a menace to the United States. Most of the sightings traced to date have turned out to be natural phenomena. A flurry of reports that scores of unidentified objects had been spotted by radar in the Washington area during the past 10 .days led the Air Force to call a special James M. Copeland (top-left) and James M. Ritchey, "saucer both of Alexandria, Va., watch the radar-scope at Washington's National Airport where as many as 12 "flying saucers" have been seen at the same time. Meanwhile, mem- bers of the 142nd Fighter Interceptor Squadron talk over the "disk" possibility as they are placed on a 24-hour "alert" to chase "saucers" sighted in the Capitol area. Ritchey commented: "Until unidentified objects began moving onto our radar-scopes, I thought people who reported 'flying saucers' were seeing things. Now I don't know. Nothing to Get Excited About end he saw the Western repre-1 sentatives again, and this time he j reverted to his familiar mood of j tearful unreason, refusing serious- ly to discuss a settlement. What happened was obvious. While the Qavam episode caused the star of the Shah to wane al- most to vanishing point, it also caused the star of the small, sharp-eyed, ruthless Mullah Kash- ani to rise higher than ever. Kash- ani's murderous band of Moslem fanatics, in open alliance for the first time with the Communists, were chiefly responsible for the fall of Qavam. Tough and Ambitious Kashani is a tough and almost insanely ambitious man. If there is no settlement with Britain, Iran will soon be engulfed in total chaos. Then, with the help of the Communists, Kashani can take power, either in person or through a stooge. With this prospect be- fore him, Kashani has nothing to gain and everything to lose from a settlement. Thus Mossadegh's sudden reversal is reliably inter- preted as a response to the most violent pressure from Kashani and his powerful allies in the National Front. The coming to power of Kashani could only be a Kerensky-like pre- lude to a full Communist seizure of power. Mossadegh is no Com- munist, and this can hardly be a pleasing possibility to him. It is possible that Mossadegh's sudden j reversal is only a device for buy- ing time, so that he can gain full control of the security forces in or- der to be in a position to defy Kashani and negotiate a settle- ment. Obviously, this is a moment of knife-edge decision for the whole Middle East. Iran is the key to the Middle East, and if a rational settlement can at last be negotiat- ed with Mossadegh, the situation in Iran and elsewhere in.the Mid- dle East can no doubt somehow be kept glued together. WASHINGTON Force experts say there's nothing to be about when radar picks up unidentified objects, or flying sau- cers. Radar, they say, is a tricky gadget. Called to Washington in the wake of a flurry of excitement following the radar-spotting of scores of flying saucers in the past 10 days, specialists in the field said; It is not unusual for radar to pick up rain squalls, birds, water i spouts, and even surf spray. Warm air over cool air can de- flect radar waves and cause false responses. At Wright-Patterson field, Day ton, 0., objects seen on rada: circled high "in such a manne; 'Flying Saucer' Tuft of Cloud news conference yesterday to tell what it the saucers. The official Air Force conclu- sion, announced yesterday: About one-fifth of the sighting reports "are "from credible obser- vers, of relatively incredible things we keep on being concerned about them. Of the one-fifth for which there is no explanation, Maj. Gen. John A. Samford, intelligence director, said: "No pattern has ever been found that reveals anything remotely like a purpose of consistency that can in any way be associated with any menace to the United States.' Samford is one of the Air Force's two top experts on saucers. The other was Maj. Gen. Roger Ramey, director of operation. Both at- tended the news conference to an- swer whatever questions newsmen tossed their way. Samford and Ramey announced that since 1947 the Air Force has analyzed about reports of sightings of strange objects in the sky. The bulk of these, after cross- checking, have been reasonably well identified as the product of friendly aircraft, out-and-out hoaxes, or electrical or meteoro- logical phenomena. But every effort is being made to identify the mysterious one-fifth. One new step being planned is use of a newly-developed telescopic camera which can photograph a 150-degree area of sky on one plate. Show on Radar Sets Some of the unidentified objects show up distinctly on Early Tuesday, for example, the Civil Aeronautics Administration at Washington National Airport re- ported strange blips on its radar screen dots which normally would represent airplanes moving j through the a pre-day- break period of almost five hours. Other radar units in the area failed to pick up the objects, how- ever. No visual sightings were re- ported. The two generals added that the hot weather of recent weeks well might be related to the current outbreak of saucer reports. They said that a temperature in- layer of warm air over cool may be suf- ficient to deflect radar waves and cause a false response on a radar set. Temperature inversions can oc- cur in perfectly clear skies, Sam- ford said such an inversion was present in the Washington area McMahon Death Will Tighten Senate Battle 35 Seats at Stake in Fall Elections WASHINGTON UP) politi- cians agreed today the unexpected death of Sen. Brien McMahon (D- Conn.) will make even tighter the already touch-and-go battle be- tween Democrats and Republicans for control of the Senate this fall. McMahon's death Monday reduc ed the wobbly Senate Democratic majority to three and boosted to 35 the number of seats at stake in the November elections. As matters now stand, there are 45 .Republican senators, 49 Demo- crats and one vacancy in the 36 Senate seats. Of the 35 seats tp be filled this fall, 15 are now held by Democrats and 20 by Republicans. The ma- jority of the present senators are still serving out their six-year terms and are not up for re-elec- tion. Republicans to regain Senate control in 1953 must elect at least 23 senators this fall to gain a bare majority of 49. They probably need 25 or 26 to have effective control, because some Republican senators often vote with Democrats. Democrats need only 14 winners in Senate contests to retain a bare majority. Many of the Senate con- tests are in Southern or border states where Democrats normally win. Republican enthusiasts for Dwight D. Eisenhower, GOP presi- dential nominee, are counting on his vote-getting ability at the head of the ticket to produce majorities Rex, A Boston Terrier Puppy, shows the royal reception he got after snapping at a porcupine in the woods near Gardner, Mass., possibly in the mistaken belief it was a cat. Veterinarian Edward A. Blake removed over quills from the pup's head and inside his mouth while Rex was under anesthetic. With eyes still puffy Rex is pictured after being de-quilled at right, sadder and, we hope, wiser. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Swine Shows Banned To Curb Hog Disease ST. PAUL is ordering a ban against swine exhibi- tions to forestall spread of vesicular exanthema, a disease affecting hogs. Dr. Ralph L, West, executive officer of the state livestock sanitary board, said the order would be effective immediately. county fairs and community hog sales and auctions. Douglas K. Baldwin, Minnesota State Fair secretary, said that ex- position was abandoning plans for its annual swine show as a result of the order. Money for entries al- ready received will be refunded. Dr, West said it was also very doubtful if the ban would be lift- ed in time for holding the national barrow show, scheduled at Austin September 16-19. It will hit Watch Rail Cars The new order, drawn up by the j Man Arrested In Death of 'Divine Healer' OSHKOSH An Leaders Study Strengthening Of Defense Pact Hope to Put More Military Muscle Into Agreement _ which it-day of Ernest H. logs are carried, even though the j year old self-styled "divine heal- cargo may be free of the disease. The federal Department of Agri- the House and Senate. culture reported the disease has been {ound in 16 states, including Boosters for Democratic nomi- nee Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Uli- South Dakota. It has banned ship- nois expect the -same of him. ment of hogs and hog products Because both vice presidential from those states. No cases have nominees are senators, Republican I been discovered in Minnesota thus ilichard Nixon California and i far. By LEIF ERICKSON HONOLULU military muscle into the Australia-New Zealand-United States Defense Pact is the big aim of the Anzus Conference opening here Monday. A permanent Anzus Defense Council is expected to be organ- ized. Its job would be to weigh available forces against potential emergencies. There is evidence also the United States delegation, headed by Sec- retary of State Dean Acheson, may ay some ground work for an even- ual single Pacific organization to include Japan, the Philippines and other Pacific countries. Pact With Japan The United States has separ- ate pacts also with the Philippinei and Japan. Acbeson, Richard G. Casey, Australia's minister for external affairs, and T. Clifton Webb, New Zealand's foreign minister, are due iere Saturday. Australia's delegation includes i Sir Frederick Sheddon, defense I minister; Col. R. G. Pollard and I K. w. Major of the defense de- partment. Air Vice Marshal F. R. W. Scherger, Australia's joint service staff representative in Washington, also will attend with Sir Percy Spender, Australian ambassador to all-night United states_ es-1 w. T. Gentry of the New Zealand Feavel, 38-j army will attend with Foreign 'Minister Webb. The State Department has not Democrat John Sparkman of Ala- )ama, the winning ticket automati- cally will lose a Senate seat tem- porarily. WASHINGTON Secre- tary of Defense Lovett has seen that we became concerned, a "flying he had an explanation for it. Pentagon sources said Lovett, re- turning to Washington from New York Sunday, was a fellow passen- ger aboard an airliner with per- Air craft sent up to investigate founc that the radar sightings were kind of ice formation in the sky But this was about the trickiesi trick of all: sons who insisted they had seen a I At one base, the airborne radar white disc whirling along beside the plane. Lovett, however, reportedly said of a night.fighter sent up to investi- gate a suspicious "blip" locked in- to a definite sighting. The pilot fol- he had been watching a search-1 Jowed the screen image until he light playing into the clear, moon-1 suddenly discovered it was leading lit sky and at one point its cone of light caught and held a tuft of cumulus cloud, creating the im- pression of a circular body keeping pace with the plane. "That's how many a flying sau- cer gets one officer said. him into the ground. He swerved upward just in time to avoid crashing, then flew back to his starting point and followed the same radar sighting two more limes. Both times it led him earth- ward. SALESMAN ON ROAD SCARED BY 'SAUCER' ENID, Okla. photo- graphic supply salesman told police he was almost swept from the highway last night by a huge "flying saucer" which swooped low at terrific speed. Sid Eubanks, 50, Wichita, told his bizarre tale to Desk Sgt. Vern Benell, who said the man was still trem- bling when he walked into the police station.. Eubanks said the mystery object, appearing as a "yel- low-green, then yellow-brown streak about 400 feet suddcnly swooped low over U. S. Highway 81 and com- pletely reversed directions, disappearing in a few seconds into the west, He said the "tremendous pressure nearly threw my au- tomobile off the road." The object loomed suddenly out of the night between Bi- son and Waukomis, south of here, Eubanks said. He de- scribed it as a huge round ball when directly over him. early last Sunday, when up to a dozen unidentified objects appear- ed on radar screens both at Wash- ington National Airport and nearby Andrews Air Base. And radar itself is not perfect, officials said. It can be "tricked." Co-ordination Chief Aim of Crime-Fighters. MINNEAPOLIS Co-ordina- tion of the work of crime-fighting groups in the nation will be the chief aim of the National Associa- tion of County and Prosecuting At- torneys, opening its annual conven- tion here today. "Indicative of the problem in- volved is that the federal govern- ment alone has 24 law enforce- ment said J. F. Coak- ,ey, association president. "And here are numerous others with j varying powers at state and local .evels." Coakley, Alameda County prose- cutor at Oakland, Calif., said dele- gates would consider and act upon 22 specific recommendations for :ombatting crime, suggested by the U. S. Senate committee to in- vestigate organized crime. Also be- ore the convention will be sug- gestions from a similar group, Liquor Store Operator Shot At Willow River Dr. West said vesicular exanthe- ma is som'ewhat similar to the hoof and mouth disease in cattle, er-' of Neenah, was climaxed early today with the. arrest of an Osh- kosh man asleep in his car on an isolated road near Winnebago County Dist. Atty. Herbert J. Mueller identified the j fense agreements with Japan, the man in the car as Leo F. Paulick, Philippines. Australia and New 38. Mueller said Paulick would be Zealand Iink with announced the American military representatives. Adm. Arthur' W. Radford, Pacific Fleet command- er, is the conference host. U. S. Common Partner The United States' separate de- charged with first degree murder; 1IUU1 allU jc _ but affects only swine. Thus, he sald Paulick, held in jail added, the order will not ban exhi-1 here, had made no statement. Authorities said Paulick was con- fronted and identified by Mrs. Elizabeth Breaker, an attendant, as Feavel's last caller yesterday bitions of other livestock. Shipment into the state of hogs destined for immediate slaughter at recognized establishments will still be allowed. But the order halts the trade of private hog buyers who purchase animals from I farmers and then resell them for 'further feeding. Area Fairs Affected by Ban Winona County's fair at St. Charles and other neighboring afternoon. A .22 calibre which Paulick is alleged to have purchased yesterday, was found in the car. Neenah Police Chief Irv- ing Stilp said it was the same kind of gun as the death weapon. United States as the common part- ner. A Senate foreign relations com- mittee said "The implication is that the treaty with Australia and New Zealand and the other secur- ity treaties are but the first step in the creation of a more effec- tive security system for the Pa- cific." WILLOW RIVER, Minn. liquor store operator was seriously wounded early today when 14 shots were fired during a holdup at his Minnesota exhibitions are among store. those affected by the swine ban In a critical condition at a Moose f issued today. Lake hospital is J. D. Burns, about Anderson, St. Charles, 58, who operates a liquor store j secretary of the Winona County Fair said some 15 swle and bar on Willow River's main IFair. said some 15 reet entries already received for 'the He suffered bullet wounds in Aug. 14-17 show would be return- both thighs and was shot twice injed immediately. the back. He was placed in an oxygen tent at the hospital. Burns was awakened at his home A special meeting of the fair board will be called to decide what about 4 o'clock this morning by a M" burglar alarm. He grabbed his gun and ran to the store, where he found two men taking money from the cash register. Pine County authorities still haven't determined whether either use can be made of the swine of the burglars was shot during the fast exchange of bullets in which Burns and one of the burg- lars each fired seven times. The r c i n- -J J bullets cut holes in the wall of the i U. J. Meg) UlVldend store and smashed two bottles of! on the grounds, Anderson "This is the first time I can ever remember that we haven't been able to show swine at our Anderson said as he looked back over 40 some years of records. Fairs at Preston and Caledonia- will be affected, too, later in the He said five shots had been fired from the gun. Riddled Body The search began yesterday aft- automatic It appears the United States is sending Acheson, its top ranking diplomat, to impress on Australia and New Zealand American con- cern for Pacific security. It seems logical Acheson will be working on a long range goal. lamed by the American Bar As- ociation. The meeting, continuing'through Yiday, will also discuss means of aining uniform state laws in the matter of crime control. Among le speakers will be Miles Mc- Donald, Brooklyn, King's County, Y. district attorney, who pro- ecuted Harry Gross, the gambler, arlier this year. McDonald is ex- ected to succeed Coakley as pres- ident. liquor on a shelf behind the bar. Ray Wilkes, a game warden, heard the shots and Burns' cries for help. By the time he reached the store the burglars were speed- ing southward. Sheriff's deputies said the loot in the robbery amounted to only or Willow River is about 50 miles south of Duluth. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and to- NEW YORK United States Steel Corp. Tuesday declared the- usual quarterly dividend of 75 cents a share on the common stock, and postponed its report on fi- nancial operations for the second quarter because of the disruptive effect of the steel strike. The dividend was made payable Sept. 10 to shareholders of record Aug. 8. ernoon when police found Feavel's bullet-riddled body in the small chapel behind the family resi- dence. They said they believed he had been slain by a former pa- tient. Police Chief Stilp related this chain of events: Mrs Breaker ad- mitted the caller to a back room containing a cot and several re- ligious pictures. After she retired to another room she heard several shots. She raised a window and shouted next door to the Feavel home. Mrs. Feavel hurried outside to the chapel window and shouted to her husband but received no answer. She noticed a man run- ning toward his automobile. He climbed in and drove away, Mrs. Feavel summoned police who found Feavel dead on the floor. Alarm Sent Out An alarm was sent out imme- diately and road blocks were set up. Police said Feavel had fastened his picture to a tombstone in Oak Hill cemetery. The picture had been punctured by bullet holes this spring. Seeking to connect this with the killing, police checked the cemetery late yesterday to learn whether the slayer had returned after the shooting but they found no evidence. John L, Lewis Discusses New Coal Contract WASHINGTON L. Lew- is reportedly has begun talks with a major part of the soft coal in- dustry, probably to lay the ground- work for full-scale contract nego- tiations. An informed source, who is in touch with the situation but de- clined use of his name, said today Lewis had his first conference with the industry yesterday. The United Mineworkers chief told the Bituminous Coaj Operators Association July 22 that the pres- ent soft coal work contract would end September 22. The present contract has been open for termi- nation on 60-day notice by either side for several months. Barring a new contract, Lewis is considered certain to take his miners out of the nation's soft coal pits on Sept. 22 if he follows past, performances. His battle cry has always been "No contract, no work." night and Thursday. Continued cool tonight, rising temperature Thursday afternoon. Low tonight 56, high Thursday afternoon 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 57; noon, 73; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. Temp. 77 at 5.30 p. m. Tuesday, Min. 58 at a. m. to- day. Noon readings Temp. 73, Wind, west, northwest 12 miles per hour, clouds, and scat- tered, visibility 15 miles, humility 64, barometer 30.07 higher. Additional weather on Page 15. A Geyser Of Water erupts as an enemy shell lands nearby sending small U.N. craft scurrying out of range. The craft were engaged in mine sweeping operations off the coast of Korea when the Red shore batteries took them under fire. None of the ships sustained any damage. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ;