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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 29, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight, Showers Sunday Afternoon Baseball Tonight, Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 138 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 29, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES YANKS HOLD AGAINST FIERCE ATTACKS TODAY- Formosa Center of New Peril By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington What is happen- ing to Formosa, and on the China coast opposite Formosa, is at least as ominous as what is happening i in Korea. For all the information available to the American govern- ment clearly points to an impend- ing attack on Formosa by the Chi- n e s e Communists, a prospect which involves the danger of a general war. And what is more, the American government has no firm, agreed policy whatsoever for dealing with this desperately serious situation. A powerful invasion armada Is now being collected In Fu- hicn Province and elsewhere on the China coast. This arm- ada consists of at least junks, most of them motor-driven, capable of trans- porting, masses, of. Chinese Communist troops across the Formosa straits In less than a day. This junk armada is supported by fast, Soviet-made jet planes, re- portedly numbering in the hun- dreds. These shore-based planes could present a very severe chal- lenge to the ships and planes of the American Seventh fleet, which has been ordered by President Truman to protect Formosa from attack. Moreover, only limited units of the'Seventh fleet are now available for use in the waters around Formosa. Much of the Seventh fleet has been committed to the Yellow sea and the Sea of Japan, to lend sup- port to American forces in the Ko- rea war. The naval units avail- able for the Formosa Straits can- not now effectively patrol the Straits, being forced to rely on air patrols, inadequate in bad weath- er. Moreover, an effective block-1 afle of the mainland ports is ruled out by orders to remain at least six miles off-shore. Reinforcements for the Sev- enth Fleet are now on the -way to Formosa. But as the Chinese high command is certainly aware the Seventh Fleet will not be fully operational In the Formosa area for a week or ten days. This period of Itreatest weakness affords the Chinese Communists their most obvious opportunity to strike. Nor is this all. There is almost no effective liaison whatever be- tween the American forces and the Nationalist army and govern- ment on Formosa, Partly as a re- sult or this failure, fierce anti- American feeling is boiling up on Formosa, where Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist government Is already rent with internal dissension. Despite ail this, it is still believ-j ed on balance that the Chinese Communist junk armada, if Mao Tse-tung orders it to attack, can! be repulsed by American naval j forces. It is conceded that this] will not be easy. If it comes, the attack will be made at night and in bad weather. Sinking or turning back ev- ery one of several thousand motor-driven junks under such circumstances will not be pos- sible. But it should he possible effectively to disperse the bulk of tlie Communist fleet. The forces able to land should then lie defeated easily by Chiang's well-equipped army of almost half a million men, unless the (lenio-alization of the Nation- alist forces is more advanced is frenerally believed. wife Catches Demands Grow For Complete Mobilization Price, Wage Controls and Rationing Asked By Edwin B. Haakmson Washington Backers Miss Helen Jane Stoffer of suburban Golden "Valley, above, is the new Minneapolis Aquatennial queen, She was chosen last night at Minneapolis and is shown receiving her crown from Aquatennial President David Silverman. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Winona Man Missing On Flight From Japan A Winonan, employed as a civilian with the Army occupation forces in. Japan, Is missing on an airplane flight. The Atmy.late yesterday inform- ed Mr. and Mrs. Vincent Moravec, 1 616 East Broadway, that their son, Matthew C. Moravec, 35, has been since Thursday, Jspan Matthew C. Moravec missing time. It is although the tele- gram did not say so that Mr. Moravec was aboard the C-47 trans- port plane which plunged Into the waters of Sagami gulf 80 miles, south of Tokyo. The Associated Press, reporting the mishap, stated that the flight was scheduled -from Tokyo to Kyu- jshu island in south Japan. But there was contrary evidence. In Chicago, Mr. Moravec's brother- in-law was informed by the Chi- cago Sun-Times, whose correspon- dent was aboard, that the flight was to Korea. Civilian Employe 3 Years In his three years plus as a civil- jian. employe, Mr. Moravec ha's.been Husband After 3-Story Fall N'ew York Mrs, Rose Lazzeri was sweeping a con- crete courtyard beneath a win- dow of her home yesterday when she heard her 12-year- old daughter scream. She looked up to see her hus- band, Alfredo, hanging from a third floor window by his finger nails. He became dizzy while sit- ting in the- window to cool and as his wife gasped, he dropped. She raced to the spot and reached it just as his body hit a clothes line and flipped off. She caught him in her arms and they both tumbled to the Lazzeri, 42, weighs 125 pounds. His wife, 38, weighs 115. ti Sparta Woman Lost In Woods For Two Days Sparta, Wis. Mrs, Geofge Cook slept soundly at St. Mary's, hospital Friday night. She'd earned the rest. The 77-year-old woman was lost for 51 hours in a desolate wooded area near this western Wisconsin awn. She was spotted in a clear- ng late Friday from ah airplane. The 200-roan .posse had been searching lor her since she while picking Last-Ditch Fight Raging 'Stancf or Ordered By Don Whitehead Front-Line Command Post In General Wal- ton H. Walker today ordered his Eighth U. S. Army to make a die North Korean Reds swarming forward In a new offensive. It was a grave hour for this American one of the gravest for any American Army in modern times. Walker went to the front to tell his division commanders there will no there will be no this fight. North Korean Losses Heavy In Big Push Reds Shift Pressure In Quest of Weak Spot in Line President Truman's request for! "This operation very definitely limited economic controls entered its crucial the today to stem a rising tide of sentiment in Congress for all- out mobilization of the home front. general told correspondents. As he talked, the Reds were smashing at American defense positions near Hwanggan on In the House, support for con-icentral front and were threatening! sumer price controls and Ing was so strong that oTHwanggan" were reported concerned Walker Confident their chances to sidetrack those! Walker said he felt confident of 49 Killed In Brazilian Plane Crash proposals in favor of action on Mr. Truman's milder requests. In the Senate, backers of the drastic controls forced the banking committee to abandon plans for action on the Truman proposals until Monday, so the all-out con- trols can be put into shape to be success "though I know we are in for some hard blows before we are absolutely secure." The stocky Texan who fought Rio de All 49 per-! By Relman Morin Tokyo UV- Under orders to fight to the death." American in- fantrymen held their mountain positions today against waves of attacking North Korean Commu- nists. The order to fight it out on their present lines came from Lleuten- lant General Walton H, Walker. jcommander of the U. S. Eighth (Army, in an unheralded visit to a front-line command post. "My Army is not going to give up one more Walker said. wjn sons aboard perished last night i American infantrymen showed their willingness to back up this when a Brazilian crashed and burned 71- wee Constellation near Porto worst disaster in order by strong counterattacks that checked a big Communist push and piled up the North Ko- Europe said his troops had beenjthe country's aviation history. dead. Bed pressure shifted. peared Wednesday berries. When searchers reached her, she refused to be carried. Said she could walk all did. At the hospital, she told attendants she scooped dew from the grass with a berry pail she was carrying when she- got thirsty. She never offered either as an amendment orj as a substitute. Pressure Mounting: The mounting pressure for com- plete wartime mobilization stem- med largely from Elder Statesman ordered not to yield an inch. "We will hold the positions we (have and fight it out Walk- ler He made the statement after conferring with Major General Ho- bart R. Gay of the First Cavalry and Major General William B. Among the 43 passengers was But their guns and infantry con- Ralph Motley, 48, an American, I tinued to hammer at American sales manager in Rio for the At- lantic Refining Company. He came here from Richmond, Ind. All the other passengers and crew mem- bers were believed to be Brazilians. Witnesses said the plane circled (quarters said. and South Korean lines. By mid-afternoon Saturday thers were no marked or Important changes in the line, a spokes- man for General MacArthur head- commanding the 25th dlvi- Porto AIegre for an hour and a half i American warplanes slipped In Walker talked to the correspond- Bernard Baruch's testimony this ents in a scnoo] room wnich Gay week that immediate "ceilings on everything" are imperative. Baruch put in another plug for this viewpoint yesterday in a tele- phone conversation with Chairman uses as an office. The general spoke slowly: "We have been trying our best to shore up all the holes in our lines. As has been forecast, this May-bank (D.-S.C.) of the bankingjis a fight for time. We will not committee. At the very least, May-1 give up an inch of ground that's bank quoted him as saying, wage- price controls and rationing should be written Into law on a stand-by basis. That would give Mr. Truman U. S, Vice Consul Killed by Tibetan Border Guards The State de- a few berries when she did. Despite her age, attendants said she suffered no ill effects beyond numerous Insect bites from her two days and nights in the woods. Assault Charge To Be Filed in Fiilmore Shooting Preston, iff Donald Cook said today he would sign a complaint charging Raymond Randall with assault with a deadly weapon with intent to iprincipally with the provost mar- Wll Shirley Knutson, 21, in a fit (shal, the law enforcement section of Jealousy. 'jof the Army, although several years! Randall, 25-year-old ago he was a court reporter in the resident of Lanesboro, would be ar- gets very hungry, she added, but atejpOWer to invoke the controls, but a Tflnr iJJj-3 J only when he felt they were nec- essary. not already lost. "Everybody in this Army knows we must hold along the lines we now have. No Tliouffht of Escape "There's no thought in the mind of anybody in this Army even (though we might be so disposed While the President told his possibiy can be a Dun- conference Thursday that broad It would be impossible for us consumer controls are not yetljo'rgt out, needed, one Capitol official who usually is in touch with the White House told a reporter the Presi- dent would be glad to get the add- ed controls on a standby basis. Mr. Truman's council of econ- omic advisers is reported to feel that the current nation-wide wave of buying is a "speculative flurry" which will die down without the need for drastic action. Further Price Rises Seen But Baruch was quoted as say- ing that the priorities and alloca- tion controls sought by the Presi- dent "will not stop further price "The thought Jn the minds of side of town. It may have hit a high tension wire in the vicinity. State of Siege Declared in Belgian Liege By Godfrey Anderson everyone is to hold the lines that we now have to keep fighting that no one Individual, squad, company, or higher unit un-: der any conditions will surrender. "All realize that to be prisoners! Liege, a French-speaking' indus- in heavy weather and then smashed I under tlie clouds to blast Red into Goat's hill about 20 miles out- troops and trucks and blast two enemy held towns. "This operation very definitely has entered Its critical jWalker said after flying: over the I front and conferring with his dl- j vision commanders. "We will hold the positions we have and fight It lout here." j He said he had "bright" hopes reinforcements, was "absolutff- ily confident of and add- led: "Everyone must fight to the death without any thought of with- drawal from Korea." i Tlie Reds were taking heavy [losses. More than died be- jfore the blazing guns of the tJ. S. Brussels, cavalry and 25th infantry dl- visions. How wany Reds were wounded none could tell. Allied Planes Active An assessment of North Korean ernment has declared a state of siege in Liege, Paul Finet, secre- tary general of the Belgian labor federation said today. Government sources confirmed josses to date Red3 :hat the state of siege had been or- dered and it was reported troops of these people would be a fate worse than death. i "I have today visited all division commanders of the United States (Continued on Pare 11, Column 5) STAND rises." "Priorities r and price controls said in his conversation with May- bank. raigned this afternoon before Jus-j "If priorities are necessary, then tice of the Peace A. H. Langum.! automatically price control be- Cook said Randall has admitted the shooting, which was committed war crimes trials. Recently he wrote a Winona friend that he was in criminal Investigation. The possibility was raised that he may have enlisted. The telegram to Iast night. The 21-year-old Fountain farm girl was found wounded in a cornfield near- her home. Randall said be fired two .22 caliber rifle bullets at the girl. his parents here said that the l6thjFountam word was subject to correction, l' 16th word: "Civilian." Mr. Moravec was in the Army (from August, 1940, to 1945, serving in continental United States, Alas- ka and Germany. An air and sea search is under comes necessary. If demands are sufficiently large to justify the use of priorities, then they are suffic- 2 Accident Victims Dead at St. Paul St. Paul persons died today in Ancker hospital from in- juries received in recent accidents in St. Paul. Mrs. Arthur Stewart, 46, died after being in critical conditionlscheduied. trial center, is a stronghold of Bel- gians who want to drive King Leo- pold IH from the throne he re- gained a week age. The city's governor resigned to- day, reportedly because be did not want to carry out government or- ders to act against strikers de- manding Leopold's abdication. Another battalion of troops has reportedly been ordered into coal- mining sections of Halnaut, prov- ince and the strike-bound cities of Charleroi and Mons. Workers from anti-Leopold south- ern Belgium poured into Brussels the a- great demonstration may large to justify price sne was strucfc by an auto- They poured through the streets killed and wounded, 170 tanks de- stroyed and 100 others damaged. A spokesman at MacArthur's head- quarters called the figures "con- servative." Allied war planes, land-based and from carriers, roamed drip- ping Korean skie.- unchallenged, raining more destruction on the enemy, his transport and supply centers. News of reinforcements from Okinawa, American air base is- land Jn the Ryukyus south of Jap- an, was reported reliably but unof- ficially. They were not mentioned by General MacArthur's release. However, the official release did report "an American roadblock" southern coastal thrust Ponggye, 55 miles west of Pu- san vital southeast port supply- trols. In the midst of this debate, three government agencies issued a new One wounded her in the head, the [batch of statistics bearing on the partment reported today that Am- way for the survivors of the erican Vice Consul Douglas S. Mac-1crash, and searching planes had' iKiernan was killed by Tibertan'spotted one survivor, according to, border guards while trying to escapelthe tatest Japanese fisher- Permanent. other struck her spine. At St. Mary's hospital in Roche's- ,ter where Miss Knutson is a patient, (doctors said the girl would recover. er bacl: have not determined Wl11 be question of controls. The Labor department's Bureau of Labor Statistics reported a per cent rise in wholesale prices during the week which ended last Tuesday, July 25. While the index men had found some wreckage, from Communist-held northwest, 23 Passengere Aboard mooue weanesaay. William Kostueh, 90, died as a result of severe burns received July 20 ia an explosion and fire ia his third-floor the song of the rev-olu 'Marseillaise. The troops will probably De used to protect electric power station and steel works. _ China across the Himalaya moun- The C-47 carried a crew of three tains, and 23 passengers. The incident occurred last April! Moravec. began his civilian! I H .work with the Army in September, 113 but todays announcement was, 1946. He was in Japan for about (the first public word of it. itwo years. He was home for about' i MacKiernan and his camel earn-1 three r t I1'! 1949 before returning to the East 'i-fln fiT'inm'pntlv fnr J_KUU. There is, to be sure, still some! were nusiaiweu iui He ls not married hope that the Communists will not; bandits or Communists raiders. Thei Born in Winona January 6, 1915, attack after all. in spite of thejshooting was described as an Moravec is a 1934 graduate of Germanium, evidence of the junk armada andjdent. the jets. There is little doubt that- the Kremlin would lika ;the Winona Senior High school. He of average wholesale prices, stand jing at 163.7 per cent of the 1926 average, was per cent above four weeks ago, the week's rise was the smallest since the Korean fighting started. More Goods Sold thA nf mpfoic .i The Commerce department said of the rarest of rneta s andLa d manutacturers material 01 ut- 700 OOO'OOO most importance, has been reoo.a ered almost in the shadow of Capitol. The only catch is that the scat- Germanium Found mlian Near U- Capitol Washington 'jfor more. That Ishowed that even before the Ko tered nature of the deposits makes nt't nf tho' OLt the. lives The news was solated area by a native embroiled in open hostilities withjwho took 27 days to reach Nisswa. the Chinese Communists. But there' Tibetian capital, officials said. 'has One Joseph, Who also 616 East I profitable recovery extremely doubt- ful. KORfA rean outbreak on June 25 business was booming for the nation's fac- tories, j Meanwhile, the international sit- considerable doubt that the Chi-i nese Communists themselves are eager for this outcome. Fukien d th b dio t Minn.; Mrs. James! _ Murphy. 368 Liberty Arthur (Agnes) Kern, 228 [East Sanborn street: Mrs. Joseph (Delhi. department by way of New Kierlin, East Third (street; Mrs. Alvin (Kathryn) Pur- very far from Moscow, and the. commander in the Fukien area.j Meantime the Tibetan govern-j cell. and Mrs. Charles Shen Yi. is not one of the "Mos- cow men" among the Chinese Communists. And on the whole, it is believed improbable that the Kremlin could order the attack asrainst the wishes of the Chinese Communist leaders. Yet that the Communists will not attack is no more than a hope, and policy cannot be based on vague hopes. President Truman had little practical choice but to order the defense of Formosa, since otherwise the essential unity in Coneress behind his decision to act in Korea would have been dis- sipated. Bat now that this enormously scrions commitment has been made, there is no real agree- ment at all on how it is to be ment, has expressed apologies. The sketchy report received here said two "natives" in the caravan (Mi :argaret) Trubl, 170 West Fifth street- Going to Pusan A letter received this morning ered in Germany in 1886. per cent between mid-June and mid-July, the .Agriculture depart- reported. The department said the price level was the high They report deposits here are jest in 18 menths, and added tha, exceeded only in contents from prices have risen still further since, rocks to southwest Africa and the Ju'5-" 15- Belgian an area where the deposits In another announcement relat- were killed and one wcs wounded] from Moravec was dated July atom bombs richest deposits of uranium also to the Korean war's economic are found. Uranium is essential injeffect on this country, the Agrj- in the shooting. The only other Jin Yokohama and told of his plans! American in the group, Frank departure to Korea that night. sac. Lodi, Calif., escaped injury andj "Yesterday I received orders toi is now en route to New Delhi. MecKleman closed down the U. letter S. consulate at Tihwa. in isolated Sinkiang province last September. 27, just before the city was turned over to the advancing Communists. Accompanied by Bessac. who was on the scene as a research scholar, MacKiernan and three native ser- vants set out on the trip across the lofty Himalayas. They shifted from jeeps to horses and finally to camels when passes (proceed to Pusan, the "Expect to leave Yoko- hama tonight at 12 midnight by plane. I will wear an Army uni- other with photographs. "I will! {Continued on Page U, Column 8) ALSOP were blocked by winter storms. They spent months in a mountain village awaiting the spring thaws. addea- but with B0 he WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Generally fair and warmer tonight; {increasing cloudiness Sunday with local thun- keep some civilian clothes in Yoko- hama as I am ordered to Korea only temporarily." He told of getting mail from Wi- nona dated July 14 and of "very hot weather." Moravec said that "if everything goes all right 111 be in Pusan tomorrow morning." LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 93: minimum, 66; [culture department said it may 'buy surplus sugar from Puerto Ri- ico, the Virgin Islands and Hawaii !to assure a plentiful supply here. The department has said over and over that scare buying of su- gar and other commodities is fool- ish because there is no shortage. Secretary Brannan said in New York 'yesterday that hoarders are "suckers" who give profiteers an excuse for raising prices. j Purchase of the additional sugar (would give the United States the 24 greatest stockpile of that foodstuff it ever has had in a single year. At the same time, the adminis-. noon 87; precipitation, none; sun tratiQn quickened its efforts to sets tonight at sun raes to- buud supply of Qther mater. niOrrOW at __ rritir-an-p noAHorf fnr morrow Additional weather on Page 3. ials those critically needed forj waging war. 1 Dark Arrows Sho< Continued North Korean thrusts against U. S. and South Korean, troops, indicated by open arrows, all along the battle line ia South Korea, On the south coast, a three-pronged Red advance which reached Ponggye at one point is being stalled by American roadblocks. In the central sector, Reds (B) smashed at U. S, defensive positions while South Korean, units (C) were en- gaged in heavy fighting in the Hamchang-Yechon sector. At Yong- dok Reds were unable to dislodge South Koreans south of the town. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) other Red columns were similarly stalled in the south. Counterattacking units of the IT. S. First cavalry and 25th in- fantry divisions regained ground yielded Friday night on the cen- itral front In the critical Hwanggan j sector. Korean Losses Heavy The ferocity of Oie Communist assault was indicated by MacAr- thur's report that more than JReds were killed by the First Cav- ialry division. More than 800 North I Korean dead were counted in front I of the 27th regimental combat jteam of the 25th division. 1 Associated Press Correspondent Don Whitehead that the !U. S. counter thrust had stabilized the line In that sector. At that time about nnon Saturday Hwanggan evidently still was In American hands. Hwanggan is important Jn this "Battle of Decision." It is a key railway and highway town only 19 road miles northwest of the; (Continued on Page 11, Column 7) KOREA St. Paul Woman Killed in Crash Erainerd, Minn, Mrs. Wil- liam R. Weyhrauch, 22. St. Paul, was killed early today in an auto- mobile accident on highway 210. Her 27-year-old husband was in- jured. The car driven by Weyhrauch, which was the property of his brother, Richard, of Wadena, left the highway near the Brainerd- Crow Wing airport and overturned. The Weyhrauchs were on the way to Wadena from DuJuth, where they had attended a wedding. Weyhrauch was taken to St. Jo- seph's hospital. He was reported. in serious condition today. Weyhrauch, a veteran of World, War n, is a student at the Uni- versity of Minnesota. ;