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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Showers Clearing by Wednesday Morning Mankato at Gabrych Wednesday, 8 p. m., KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 136 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 28, 1953 EIGHTEEN PAGES Wallowing In Knee-Deep on flood-swept Highway 74 Monday at 5 p.m. were the cars of Winona County Sheriff George Fort, left, and Walter Schubert, right. Schubert is in the center with white hat. Harry F. Johnson, chief traffic control officer at Rochester the sheriff's car. 'Rescue boat is at extreme left. (Republican-Herald photos) Sheriff Forf s Car Is Hauled to dry land by the truck of Clayton Zimmerman, Weaver. Radiator ornament on the backing truck is in the foreground. Passengers in the front seat with Fort are Gordon Holte, Republican-Herald staff writer, and Peter Merchle- witz, Winona County commissioner who comprised the would-be rescue party. In the back seat are the four women. Schubert, Johnson and Schubert's son stand by in the dis- tance awaiting a second rescue trip by the truck. Tired, Hungry And Damp But Smiling is the Schubert party near Elba moments after the entire group reached high, dry ground. The women are, left to right, Alma and Ellen Wollin, Mrs. Walter Schubert and Mrs. Emma Wollin. The men, left to right, are Elmer Schubert, son of Walter, Rochester flier who spotted the missing party from the air; Peter Merchlewitz; Sheriff Fort; Schubert, and Hilbert Wollin, son of Mrs. Emma Wollin and nephew of Schubert who set off the search Monday morning after the group failed to return from their trip to Stockholm, Wis. TRUCK RESCUE 5 Safe After Night In Flooded Valley By GORDON HOLTE Republican-Herald Staff Writer Thirsty and hungry but apparently suffering no other ill-effects from being marooned for more than 18 hours in a stalled car on flood-en- gulfed Highway 74 near Weaver, five Lewiston area residents were brought to safety late Monday afternoon in the culmination of a four- county land and air search. Missing since they left a church meeting at Stockholm, Wis., at about 10 p.m. Sunday, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Schubert; Mrs. Schubert's sister, Mrs. Emma Wollin, and the latter's two .daughters, Alma and Ellen, were found shortly before 4 p.m. on a low-lying portion of high- way covered by upwards of four feet of water from the flooding Whitewater 7 miles southwest of Weaver. Schubert is Winona County's commissioner from the fourth dis- trict. Sheriff George Fort, accompan- ied by County Commissioner Peter Merchlewitz, 202 High Forest St., and me, was directed to the stalled car by Schubert's son, Elmer, who spotted the missing party from the air in mid-afternoon. Sheriffs Car Stalls To reach the group, the sheriff found it necessary to drive his car through flood waters that at times washed over the radiator of the automobile. After the five had been transferred to the sheriff's car, however, the additional weight forced the automobile exhaust New Costa Rican President Elected SAN JOSE, Costa Rica mer Provisional President Jose Figueres has been elected presi- dent of this Central American re- public, succeeding Otilio Ulate in the four-year office. Figueres' opponent, Fernando Castro Cervantes, conceded defeat last night even though complete re- turns were not in from Sunday's balloting. deeper into the water and Sheriff Fort found it impossible to drive out of flood waters. Another hour's wait ensued before a truck driven by Clay- ton Zimmerman, Weaver, ar- rived at the scene and towed both automobiles to higher ground. The rescue ended a search that I began early Monday morning when relatives discovered that the Schu- berts and Wollins had not return- ed to their homes after Sunday's First Prisoners To Be Exchanged Starting Aug. 5 By SAM SUMMERLIN MUNSAN Allies and Communists agreed today to start exchanging almost prisoners of war Aug. 5 and the joint Military -Armistice Commission set in motion machinery for en- forcing the day-old Korean armistice. Once the long-awaited prisoner exchange gets under way, the Reds will free about 400 men daily at Panmunjom. The U. N. Com- mand said it will deliver about 3 Little Girls In State Killed In Car Mishaps Moravian Church Stockholm. First fears were conference at held that the automobile might have plunged off the Wabasha-Nelson dike road dur- ing the heavy fog that shrouded the area Sunday night, but an in- spection of the road by Sheriff Fort and Wabasha County Deputy Sheriff William Harp revealed that there was no evidence of a car breaking through guardrail posts on the dike. Joined by Pepin and Buffalo County authorities, Sheriff Fort then extended the search along Highway 35 from Stockholm to Nel- son in an unsuccessful effort to locate the missing group. Decides on Highway 74 Satisfied that the car had rfbt been involved in an accident be- tween Stockholm and Wabasha, the sheriff decided in early afternoon to extend the search along High- way 74. A rescue party was organ- ized to traverse the hills and gul- lies on foot and was just preparing to begin the search when Elmer Schubert reported that he had seen his parents and the Wollins from the air. Ironically, the occupants of the stalled car had seen the airplane fly almost directly over the automobile earlier in the morning. "We got out and waved and tried to attract the pilot's the elder Schubert explained, "but the plane kept on going." Schubert's son, who was accom- panied on the flight by Harry F. Johnson, chief traffic control offi- cer at the Rochester aiport who flew the mission as an observer, recalled that when the first flight was made over the Weaver area they were en route to Wabasha, Nelson and Stockholm where the search then was centered. "We noticed the water in the val- Schubert, who is a mainte- nance superintendent for a Roches- ter aviation firm, explained, "but at that time we didn't think of the (Continued on Page 3, Column 2.) RESCUE daily, including 360 sick and wounded. Detailed prisoner exchange plans were adopted by the mili- tary armistice committee for pris- oner exchange as five different truce bodies gathered in Panmun- jom. Maji Gen. Blackshear M. Bryan, who heads the Allied team on the joint military commission, de- scribed the first meeting of the group Tuesday as "like walking a tightrope." Bryan said the U, N. Command was ready to start exchanging prisoners this week, but he doubt- ed if the Reds would be able to begin that swiftly. The Aug. 5 date was announced later. Other Developments The commission meets again at 11 a. m. Wednesday. By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Names of three little girls, two of them cousins, were added to the Minnesota traffic accident death toll Monday night. Carol Jean, 5, and Patricia Jacobson, 7, were killed when I struck by a car near the rural These other devetopmentspunc-1 pine Jsland faome of Mr_ and Mrs. tuated the first full day of the Korean armistice: 1. Allied and Red forces began Eugene Jacobson, parents of Carol Jean. Patricia was the daughter pulling back about 1V4 miles fromjof Mr. and Mrs. James Jacobson the battlefront to create a 2V4- mile-wide buffer zone. They blew up front-line fortifications. The U. N. also began evacuating key islands off both North Korean coasts, 2. South Korean President Syng- man Rhee said he had received assurances that if the postwar political conference breaks down, the 16 United Nations with forces in Korea "are determined to fight with us jointly in a complete unity of purpose." Rhee made the state- 3. Polish and Czech officers reportedly were traveling from who live in the same general area. Malcolm- Kollach, Pine Island, driver of the auto, said the two girls raced into the road so swiftly he was unable to stop or avoid hitting them. Third death was that of Sharon Lee, 3V4-year-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Kallevig, living five miles north of Willmar. Her head was crushed between the family car and a tree trunk. Mrs. Kallevig was using the car to round up cattle. She was driving Peiping, the Red China capital, to over a trail through a wooded Panmunjom, where they will when the child put her {Continued on Page 8, Column 6.) TRUCE head out the car window and was fatally injured. Hungry East Berliners Swarm for Food BERLIN More than I hungry East Germans swarmed I into West Berlin to pick up free Western food today in a mass demonstration of Communism's failure to feed its own people. They began lining up at dawn. The crowds grew by the hour. By midafternoon it looked as the turnout would exceed the fed Monday when the relief pro- gram backed by a 15 million dollar United States donation began. The two-day total approached the 000 mark. Before it ends in two weeks, the plan is expected to give par- cels to more than a million East zoners. Embarrassed Rage Red propagandists shrilled in embarrassed rage but the Commu- nists did not .interfere. Except for an occasional check to keep the people nervous. Red border police let them return un- hindered through the Iron Curtain with their precious gifts. They, came by the tens of thou- sands from far out in the Soviet zone. Many obviously got up in the middle of the night and made long train rides which cost them, more than the five marks worth of food they were given. They came, they said, because they couldn't buy the food in their Communist-run home food stores with any amount of money. It sim- ply wasn't there. Their fertile area used to pro- duce most of the food for all Ger- many. Communism's program of collective farming and forced crop quotas plainly had failed. Thou- sands of farmers have fled to the West in fear and disgust. East Ger- man authorities have had to admit they can't even find enough farm workers to bring in this year's harvest. Relief Centers Several new relief centers were added today to the 35 in operation Monday as officials tried to speed the parcel distribution and avoid 1 the long waits. I Thousands of volunteers worked through the night making up the relief packages of fat, flour, dried vegetables and canned milk. The program was begun with supplies taken from the reserves West Berlin has built up against any repeat of the 1948-49 S6viet blockade. America's donation began arriv- ing Monday, however, to replace the stocks given away. Two plane- loads and one shipload already have landed, and more is on the way. 5 Navy Ships Sunk, 82 Hit During War YOKOSUKA (m U. S. Navy headquarters said today five U. S. Navy ships were sunk and 82 oth- ers hit during the Korean War. Navy casualties totaled 337 Americans killed and wound- ied' The headquarters summary call- jed the-Korean naval fighting a "strange war" because of the cas- ualties suffered by naval craft and personnel, "without participating in a single naval engagement." It added that "never once did a battle occur far from the sight of land." "All the headquarters said, "took place with surface ships hoving within stone's throw of the coastline and slugging it out with heavy Communist shore batteries." The naval craft sunk were four minesweepers the Pledge, Part- ridge, Pirate and one Navy tug, the Sarsi. Tail's Condition Worse, Trip to Capital Delayed NEW YORK UP) Sen. Robert A. Taft's physical condition "has deteriorated." New York Hospital announced today. The Ohio Republican recently underwent an exploratory operation of the abdominal wall to investi- gate a hip ailment. The announcement was the first that did not take an optimistic view of his condition. It had been, announced last week that he would return to Washington on Wednesday. A statement from the hospital Monday said only that his departure would be delayed. "Sen. Taft's condition has deter- iorated somewhat during the last 24 the hospital bulletin said today. "He is responding less well to treatment and is not taking food satisfactorily." Rookie Policeman Picks Up Right Man MILWAUKEE Police- man Lawrence Schmies picked up a young man Monday because he looked suspicious. How right the officer was, his superiors said. They said 23-year-old Joseph Keppert, a native of Marshfield, admitted stealing from 56 garages and 12 parked cars and attempting 17 other thefts on Milwaukee's east and north sides in the past 10 days. Authorities said his total loot of flashlights, garage tools and the like amounted to less than Allied, Red Armies n n II- begin rullmg Strata jet Shatters Atlantic Speed Mark FAIRFORD AIR BASE, Eng- land American B47 Stra- bomber flashed across the Atlantic from the United to England today in the rec- ord-shattering time of 4 hours and 45 minutes. The sleek, swept-wing 6-jet bomber, called the world's fast- est, whooshed from Limestone, Mt., to distance of miles nonstop an averagt speed of about miles an hour. The flight clipped 37 minutes off previous record of 5 hours, 22 minutes, set last 6 by another B47. U.S. May Ask Only Nations Fighting War Help Draw Up Peace By EDWARD E. BOMAR WASHINGTON United States may press for a United Na- i tions delegation to the Korean peace conference made up exclusive- i ly from among the 17 nations which actually fought the Communists. This was reported under consideration today after Sen. Knowland (R-Calif) told the Senate "we must not allow neutrals who sat out three years of war" to have a de- cisive voice in the peace talks, due to begin within 90 days. Authorities said Secretary of State Dulles and his principal ad- visers, with the armistice signing out of the way, have just started a close study of plans for the con- ference. One of the proposals up and South Korea, the nations which have had ground or air forces un- der Clark's command are the Uni- ted Kingdom, Australia, New Zea- land, South Africa, C a na da, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Greece, Turkey, Ethiopia, The Philippines, Thai- J-t-L WJ. f 1 .lO, for decision is whether to try to I iand Columbia limit the delegation to the nations I Q u and Sen Knowiand ap- which made direct military ctm- 1 parently differ on one point of sig tributions. To Meet Aug. 17 I The U. N. General Assembly has I been summoned to meet Aug. 17 to receive a formal report from the U. N. Command on the Korean ar- mistice. It will have the respon- sibility of deciding the site for the political conference with the Com- munists to try to work out a perma- nent Korean peace settlement. It will also consider an agenda and composition of the U. N. delega- tion. nificance of the Korean conflict. Knowland told the Senate the Ko- rean struggle was not an example of effective collective security. Dulles took an opposite view in his Sunday night armistice state- ment. In it, he paid tribute to the contributions of the Allies. He con- tended that establishment of the principle of collective security was one of the positive benefits from the struggle. I Welcoming a group from the an- j nual Boys Nation of the American Won't Buy Korea Unity With U.N. Seat for Red China, Dulles Says limited to those nations which took ipart in the fighting, the United States might find itself in the mi- nority. Senators said Dulles told a Sen- ate foreign relations subcommit- tee in closed session recently that one of his gravest problems is now to prevent this country from being outvoted by nations which contrib- uted only about 5 per cent of the fighting forces, not counting South Koreans. Lawmakers said he conceded he had not yet found any .satisfactory formula, Dulles has said the United States and South Korea certainly will be represented on the U. N. side. He has indicated that the United States would object to Soviet Russia as WASHINGTON (.fl Secretary conference, and the negotiation of of State Dulles said today the United States will not buy Korean unity at the price of Red Chinese membership in the United Nations. He added this country has the right to veto any move to grant the Communists a U. N. seat. Dulles announced he will fly to Korea next Sunday to confer with South Korean President Syngman Rhee. They will discuss problems coming up in a Korean political a U. S.-Korean security pact. Dulles disclosed for the first time officially although it has been publicly known for two weeks the United States had agreed with Rhee to walk out of the political conference if after 90 days it appears to be a sham, with the Reds negotiating in bad faith. Talking at a news conference, Dulles also disclosed officially that the United States has indicated it would be willing to include in the defense pact vyith Korea a pro- vision giving this country the right to station forces in or around Korea for the purpose of preserv- ing peace. Rbee had asked snch a provision. Dulles said his flying trip to Ko- rea would be very brief and that he hopes to return to Washington in a week, He expects to take with him a bipartisan group of senators Re- publicans Knowland of California and Alexander Smith of New Jer- sey, and Democrats Russell of Georgia and. Lyndon Johnson of Texas. Dulles said he had invited them to go. He also pointed out that the Senate will have to ratify any treaty negotiated. The United States njay press for a U. N. delegation to the Korean peace conference rij'ade up ex- clusively from amqft'g the 17 na- tions which actually fought the Communists. lective security has to be shown to be "something that works" and said this "great principle has been successfully implemented by the! sacrifices which our youth made in Korea." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Thunder- showers late this afternoon or early tonight, clearing by Wednesday morning followed by cooler weather Wednesday. Low tonight 64, high Wednesday 82. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: UUjCUb iAf V1CL w a U N. representative as a result Maximum, 90; minimum, 67; T i i IT _____. TO. AQ curt core of Moscow's supply role in the Ko- rean affair. U. S. diplomats re- portedly favor a small delegation. Beyond that there have been few hints as to the administration in- tentions. Firm decisions may await the arrival, expected this week, of Robert D. Murphy, new assistant secretary of state for United Na- i tions affairs, who has been serving as political adviser to Gen. Mark W. Clark in Tokyo. Aside from the United States noon, 78; precipitation, .03; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations Max. temp. 84 at p.m. Mon- day, min. 70 at a.m. today. Noon 76, scatter- ed layer of clouds at feet, and overcast at Visibility six miles with light rain showers and haze. Wind from the east at five miles per hour, barometer 29.94 falling, and humidity 86 per cent. Zone Will Be Set Up Promptly No Violations Or Incidents in Start of Truce By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN SEOUL and Commu- nist armies today began putting back front-line troops all across the shell-pocked Korean front. United Nations forces, including South Korean troops, started with- drawing at daybreak. Chinese and North Korean Communist units were seen pulling back during tht day. Each side must withdraw two kilometers about VA form a demilitarized buffer zona across Korea. Far behind Red lines, the Allies jegan evacuating islands off both :he east and west coasts of North Korea. The islands had served as radar station points, ground con- trol stations for air strikes against the Communists and for air-sea rescue operations. In keeping with the armistice signed Monday, the battlefront withdrawal must be completed by 10 p. m. Thursday. The Allied-held islands must be evacuated by 10 p, m. Aug. 5. No Incidents In the early hours of the armi- stice no violations or incidents were reported. At the final 8th Army briefing of war correspondents, a staff officer said the last infantry action was a patrol clash at a. m. Monday on the eastern front 19 hours before the truce became effective. While Allied and Communist sol- diers moved freely in the open Tuesday, the joint Allied-Commu- nist Military Armistice Commis- sion held its first meeting at Pan- munjom to begin supervision of the truce. Gen. Mark W. Clark, U. N. com- mander, completed signing copies of the truce that had been taken north Monday and signed by the Red high and flew back to his Tokyo head- quarters. The U. N. Command armistice team, headed by Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison, was disbanded and the members and staff headed for other assignments. Harrison went to Tokyo with Clark to resume his job as Clark's chief of staff. The buffer zone will be marked off on its southern and (Continued on Page 9, Column 1.) KOREA Loss in Chinaware Plant ANTIOCH, 111. which lighted up the countryside and at- tracted an estimated specta- tors, destroyed the Regal China Co. factory Monday night. Nineteen fire departments from nearby towns helped fight the fire. Fire Chief Edgar Simonsen esti- mated the loss at No one was reported injured. ;