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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 28, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Tuesday; Cooler Chiefs vs. Faribault 8 p. m. KWNO AM-FM Dugout Interviews VOLUME 52, NO. 137 WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 28, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY Convention Inspiring Experience By JOSEPH STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO scene is the in- nermost of the great stone circles at Stonehenge, the time, perhaps three thousand years ago. By the stone of sacrifice stands the chief Druid, and all about, in eager, or- dered ranks, are all the tribes of neolithic Britain. The races are over. The dancers have retired. The moment has come. The king of the old year is led to the altar, to be.killed with the mistletoe dag- ger, and to rise again in the body of the king of the year to come It may seem a bit odd to be thinking about these ancient cere- monies amid the sordid litter the political conventions have left behind in Chicago. But American political conventions none the less strongly resemble the great gatherings of the tribes, at which the old peoples of the past sought to insure successful harvests and victory in war by cruel and traditional rites. Spirit of Elation Certainly there is the same spirit of elation, of collectively induced excitement which made the old people truly believe that the pros- perity of the year depended on the year-king. Certainly, there are human sacrifices, although no blood flows for television. And sheer bitterness of disappointed ambition is the substitute for the mistletoe-dagger. And the end pur pose and result are certainly much the same. In fact, in a queer Way, one can even say an American president is much like a year-king, being held responsible, as the year-kings were, for giving the tribe both vic- tory and plenty, and being doom- ed as well to something very like extinction when his term runs out. All.of which is relevant at the moment because it seems to these reporters that the time has come to pay tribute to the Ameri- can convention system. These great quadrennial tribal gatherings of ours may be illogically organ- ized, and no doubt are. They may be singularly sordid in many of their aspects; as to this no one would argue. They may have so little outward rhyme or reason that they drive foreign spectators almost mad with puzzlement, which is always a funny conven- tion-time sight. System Works But the main fact about the convention system is that it works, like so many other outwardly il- logical but effective and adaptable American political institutions. Perhaps this is the American polit- ical genius, to mingle pragmatism and tradition in just the right pro- portions. We have a good many political contraptions which look like inventions of Rube Goldberg yet produce Immeasurably better results than the carefully thought out desigcs of the political theor- ists. Attention fo Fall Campaign General to Spend Most of Day With Political Advisers By MARVIN L. ARROWSMITH DENVER at his cam- paign headquarters after a 10-day vacation, Gen. Dwight D. Eisen- hower stowed away his fishing gear and turned full attention to- day to pressing his bid for the presidency. The Republican nominee re- turned here last night from the Rocky Mountain cattle ranch near Fraser, Colo., where he went for a rest a few days after the Repub- lican National Convention. First on the general's agenda to- day was a conference with his new- y appointed political chief of staff, 3ov. Sherman Adams of New Hampshire, Eisenhower plans to spend most of the rest of the week conferring with other party eaders. Yesterday, Brien McMahon Brien McMahon, Connecticut's Senator, Dead WASHINGTON W Sen. Brien McMahon, 48, a Connecticut De- mocrat with a passion for peace and a key role in the nation's atomic energy program, died to- day of a spinal ailment, dential running mate, Sen. Richard j Members of his family were at the general's final day at Fraser, was devoted in part to relaxation. A good share was given over to discussion of campaign plans with his vice presi. VI. Nixon of California. Nixon drove 10 the ranch from Denver early in the pjorning and before the rcrious talking got his first lesson n how to cast for trout. His tutor, his side in Georgetown Hospital, where the senator went in June for an operation. Springfield Has Welcome Ready For Stevenson Democratic Nominee Spends Weekend in Talks With Leaders CHICAGO Adlai E. Stevenson returns today to Spring- field and a tumultuous welcome from the Illinois capital, to pre- pare himself for the role of Demo- cratic standard bearer in the 1952 presidential campaign. He will pick up, but only tem- porarily, the reins of the job he had repeatedly said he wanted for four more of Illinois. The he wiH resign to devote him- self to the role "I did not candidate for the president of the United States. The Democratic nominee spent the weekend conferring with party leaders on campaign plans. Among them was Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama, whom the Democratic National Convention chose as Stev- enson's running mate as candidate for vice president. Frank E. McKinney, Democratic national chairman, told reporters the party high command had agreed on a "hard-hitting cam- paign of no more than 60 days." It will begin on Labor Day. McKinney said the party's big rumanites nners in Illness prevented his campaign-1 four speaking team will be Presi- ing as a candidate for the Demo- nominee' presidential nomination. Friends from Connecticut gave 16 votes anyhow at the Democratic National Convention last week. From his hospital bed, McMahon ordered his name withdrawn. McMahon was a brand new sen- ator in 1945 when the first atomic bomb 'devastated Hiroshima. Awe- somely impressed, he decided this new force must be leashed to save civilization, and dedicated his life to that goal. Despite his relative inexperience, A lot of people who think that politics ought to be logical have been talking, recently, about aban- doning conventions for national primaries. But in the first place, the national primary would inflict on us the equivalent of two elec- tions, hand-running, when even one is bad enough. In the second place, the national primary could never achieve the delicate adjust- ment of regional viewpoints, per- sonal and popular interests, eco- nomic and social influences, which an expert fisherman. Victory Predicted Before the conference, Eisen- hower and Nixon joined in predict- ing a Republican victory in Nov- ember over the ticket the Demo- crats selected in Chicago last week Adlai Stevenson of Illinois as the presidential candidate and Sen. John J, Sparkman of Alabama fi-r vice president. Nixon said he confident "we are going to have the victory for Gen Eisenhower that the country needs." I the in-! terrupted and toid his 39-year-old mate: j "You mean victory for the party and not just for me, my more important, victory for the country." After the conference in Eisen- hower's rustic cabin, Nixon issued this statement: "The general and I discussed campaign organization and itiner- ary, as well as strategy and tactics and several of the major issues, "The general and I agreed that this shall be as intensive a cam- paign as we can make it. We ex- pect to conduct a fighting cam- paign on the issues and the facts, and to bring our case to the people. "When the campaign gets under- way, we shall visit as many of the states as possible, including states in the South." ate-House Atomic Energy Commit- L all lay Invade the South Hence the nomination of Ala- bnma's Sen. Sparkman to run with Stevenson on the Democratic ticket apparently had no effect on plans the Republican candidates to invade the South traditionally solid for the Democrats. Cyclone Hits Manchester MANCHESTER, Minn. Vir- tually every building in this small town of 100 persons was damaged or destroyed by a cyclone that struck late Sunday. The schoolhouse, homes of three families and a filling station, gar- age and lunchroom were destroy- ed. The Manchester creamery was damaged as were other buildings in the town. The farm home of Osborne Hart- ness and the farm buildings on the farm of Kenneth Myron were de- stroyed also as the cyclone moved southward through the town and turned eastward. Myron's home was slightly damaged. The town was without power Sunday night as the cyclone tore each political convention how achieves. And in the third place, it is im- tion adjourned. possible to imagine a national pri- j mary doing better than these las Democratic and Republican con ventions, which have given the country two such candidates for president as Dwight D. Eisenhow er and Adlai E. Stevenson. Nor are trading and dealing anc rumor-spreading and false-prom ising by any means the truly im portant features of the convention process, although they often seem so important on the surface, Individual Motive: Individual motives may be cheap and self-serving, but the collective purpose o: the convention as a gathering o: the often takes on a quality of nobility. The individual delegates may be venomously par- tisan, they may only want to gel or keep jobs, they may be under the lash of some petty boss or labor or business potentate. Bui when the tribesmen are in their seats and coming up to a ballot, the cheapnesses tend to" cancel one another out, and the strongest in- fluence somehow becomes a genu- ine collective care for the future of the country. Moreover, every convention has its moments of individual generos ity and high character which one remembers after all the anger and bitterness have faded. From the Republican convention, one recalls Gen. Eisenhower's warm gesture, when he hasted to call on Sen. Taft, and the fine courage in defeat that Taft show- ed in those hard hours. From the Democratic rally, one recalls the way Truman placed national inter- est above petty, personal irrita- tions, to help put over Stevenson. Over the weekend, Eisenhower I down poles carrying electricity, and Nixon both slapped at the j Telephone lines also were down. Stevenson-Sparkman ticket as one Flying glass cut two women. committed to all-out defense of the Donna Walker, daughter of Mr. Truman administration record. jand Mrs. Lloyd Walker, who op- "The Democratic party has nam- j erate a small cafe in town, was ed its candidates and offers them j badly cut. The other victim was to the country on a one-plank plat-1 Mrs. Osborne Bartness, who was form: Defense of the entire in her home, stration Eisenhower said I Trees and wire-carrying poles some- iin a statement Saturday, a few were dropped across roads as the hours after the Democratic ccnven- cyclone turned eastward. dent Truman, who advised the chairman, "I am at your dis- Vice President Alben Bark- ley, an unsuccessful candidate for the top spot on the 1952 ticket, Stevenson and Sparkman. The chairman said the team will carry the campaign into every part of tae nation, and President Tru- man has promised a repetition of his 1948 whistle stop speaking tour that salvaged victory out of gen- erally predicted defeat. Besides Sparkman and McKin- ney, other Stevenson visitors Sun- day included Gov. Paul A. Dever of Massachusetts, Averell Harri- man, Sen. Robert Kerr of Okla- homa and Mrs. India Edwards, vice-chairman of the Democratic National Committee. Dever, his own state's "favorite son" candidate for the presidential nomination, told reporters he be- lieves with Stevenson the Demo- crats can carry Massachusetts, Rhode Island and "maybe Connec- and other New England states. It was disclosed that Dever had persuaded Harriman to withdraw in favor of Stevenson after the second ballot at the convention Friday. A reliable source said Har- riman planned to delay his with- drawal until the sixth ballot, but the Massachusetts governor per- suaded him that the delay might enable Barkley or Sen. Estes Ke- fauver of Tennessee to win. Sen, Sparkman said he and his party will leave for Washington soon after disposing of post-conven- tion business in Chicago. He plans a vacation, before beginning the campaign. Torrential Rains Halt Korea Battle SEOUL, Korea W) Torrential rains beat down on already soaked and muddy Korean battle lines to- day and virtually halted ground and air fighting for the third straight day. Each side sent out only small patrols across the 155-mile battle front. Clashes were few and brief. After Reading of .the first mass, mourning cabinet members and government officials stood at bier of Eva Peron, Argentina's first lady. The body lay in state in an improvised chapel at the ministry of labor in Buenos Aires. Eight per- sons were reported trampled to death in the rush to see the body of Mrs. Peron. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Egyptians Promised Nation-wide Cleanup By L. S. CHAKALES CAIRO Egypt Lfi Egypt's new government reestablished it- self in Cairo today, promising a relentless nationwide cleanup of "bribery and corruption" in the wake of King Farouk's abdication. The country's new military pow- er, Maj. Gen. Mohammed Naguib Bey, promised he and Premier Aly Maher Pasha would "meet with Nebraska B-25 Crash Kills 7 ARTHUR, Neb. Wv-A B-25 bomb'er, carrying Air Force, Ar- my and Navy personnel, crashed in flames, reportedly killing seven persons, six' miles northeast of here Sunday. The lone survivor, identified by the Nebraska safety patrol as Col. John G. Eriksen, the pilot, para- chuted to safety. He 'was treated for burns. The bodies of six of the men had not been removed from the char- red wreckage of the plane early today. The body of the- seventh man was found about a half mile from the crash scene. Barge, Coal Ship Collide QUEBEC Wt A Great Lakes I barge and a Europe-bound coal ship collided in a St. Lawrence Ri- ver fog 120 miles east of Quebec yesterday and one of the ships re- armed force if necessary any at tempt at demonstrations or dis orders." Naguib warned, too, th Army would tolerate no foreign in terference. As the cabinet quit the summer capital at Alexandria for Cairo the ousted monarch sailed towarc Italy in the royal yacht Mahroussa With Farouk were his six-month old son, now Egypt's King Fuad II Farouk's teen-age second wif Truman faction of the state Demo- cratic party, and Mrs. AUene Tray. lor, San Antonio housewife. Incom- plete returns gave him votes to for Yarborough, who conceded. Mrs. Traylor poll- ed only Daniel, besieged by Rep. Lindley Beckworth, regarded as a Truman, administration favorite, and E. W. 'Japier, an unknown Wichita Falls attorney, went into office handily as the successor to colorful U. S. Sen. Tom Connally. A late count gave him to for Seckworth and for Napier. Democratic Primary The voting was in the Democratic primary in which nomination usually means election in heavily. Democratic Texas. The primary results and precinct neetings Saturday left the state Democratic outlook as uncertain as t has been. Another battle between state party factions over the bind- ng of presidential electors to na- tional party nominees seemed a sure thing for the September state convention. Meanwhile, it appeared Martin Dies, original chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee, faced a runoff with former Lieut. Gov. John Lee Smith Juan D. Peron lay in state in the of Lubbock for congressman-at- iall of the Labor Ministry, in a large. Dies held a majority until glass-topped casket of mahoga- ny draped in white orchids, await- ng a full military funeral tomor- row afternoon. Tons of lilies, roses and carnations packed the ball and overflowed into the streets outside. Big Crowds Crowds of somberly dressed, so- jer-faced mourners were first ad- mitted to the improvised chapel Sunday afternoon and continued in an endless procession throughout the night and morning. Peron spent much of Sunday be- :ide the casket and personally ar- the placement of the bier. After a private funeral mass, at- ended only by government minis- ers and intimate friends, he or- dered the restless crowds admit- ed. They" had shouted to see the )ody, and once broke a police cor- :on to get closer to the entrance. The mournful viewing of the -ody was accompanied by an un- xpected tragedy. Gen. Juan Este- an Vacca, director of the Army's uperior School, suffered a heart ttack while visiting the bier last ight. He died shortly after, Peron's decision still was await- d on his wife's permanent burial lace. Two suggested sites are the ew headquarters of the multi-mil- on dollar social foundation which le headed, or in a great national monument built for her. I Sunday night when Smith edged into the picture. The latest tabula- tion showed Dies with 48.24 per cent of the vote among the seven candidates. Shivers led the anti-Truman Tex- as delegation to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago last week. Daniel, a leader in the fight for state ownership of tide- lands, called Beckworth a support- er of the Truman administration, Beckworth denied he had been in- fluenced by the administration to take up the fight against DanieL Dies had a long record of anti-ad- ministration activity in Congress before he voluntarily retired in 1945 after the late President Roose- velt led steady New Deal criticism of Dies and his Communist hunt- ing committee. Rayburn Returned Also returned to Washington in the balloting were veteran Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn and Reps. Wright Patman of Texar- kana, Wingate Lucas of Grapevine, 0. Clark Fisher of San Angelo, and W. R. (Bob) Poage of Waco. Opponents of Rayburn and Pat- man, Reagan Brown of Terrell and Joe McCasland of Jefferson, styl- ed themselves anti-New Deal and anti-administration. But Texans re- turned the two old-timers to Con- gress with resounding majorities. Jet Pilots Chase Flying Saucers By JERRY T. BAULCH WASHINGTON UPl Radar noon, high 86. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 92; minimum, 67; noon, 88; precipitation, none. For the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, Only A Heap Of Rubble remained of the Harry Helland gasoline station, grocery store and cafe after a twister roared into the little village of Manchester in Freeborn County Sunday evening. Guardsmen are shown on duty at the wreckage scene. Parts of the building were tossed 300 feet. Every building in the town of about 100 persons was damaged or wrecked. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) _ Warmer Tuesday after-1 whi'cTnoVmally'doesn't shoVsome- thing that isn't .there has picked up "flying saucers" near the na- tion's capital for the second time within a week. Jet fighter pilots searched the skies without directly contacting anything during the six hours that four to 12 unidentified objects in- termittently appeared on radar screens at Washington National Airport and nearby' Andrews Air Force Base. One pilot said he saw four lights approximately 10 miles away and slightly above him but they dis- appeared before he could overtake them. Later, the same pilot said, 93; minimum, 71; noon. 79; precipiation, .09; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 90 at p. m. Sun- day, min. 68 at a. m. today. Noon 78, clouds scattered at and ceiling feet, visibility, miles plus, barometer 30.04, steady, a mmute- humidity 72, wind west, 20 miles per hour with gusts up to 30. Additional weather on Page 3. ghosts. white, ight" vanished about So" far as could be determined, this was the first time jets have been sent on the trail of such sky Officials carefully avoided men- tioning "flying just as they did when radar picked up seven or eight unidentified objects near Washington last Monday. But the Air Force was expected to add the report to its long list of saucer sightings, which officials say are coming in faster than at any time since the initial flurry in 1947. Radar normally does not regis- ter anything without substance such as light. But it can pick 'up such things as a bird in flight or a cloud formation. And one expert said radar is not infallible. The Air Force reported that be- tween four and 12 unidentified ob- jects appeared at 8; 08 p.m. East- ern Standard Time Saturday night on the radar screen at the Air Route Traffic Control Center oper- ated by the Civil Aeronautics Ad- ministration. Their position was es- timated at 10 miles east of Mount Vernon, Va., which is near Wash, ington National Airport. Word went to the Air which sent up two jet fighter in- terceptor planes from a base at Newcastle, Del., some 90 miles from Washington. When the planes appeared on the radarscope at approximately p.m. the CAA tried without suc- cess to guide the planes into con- tact with the mystery objects. It was during this search that the pi- lot made his two sightings of lights. The planes left for their base at a.m. and the two other jets took over and stayed in the area until a.m. without mak- ing contacts. The pilot who spotted the lights said they "were really faster than 600 miles an hour. But radar operators at Andrews Air Force Base said they moved at a "slow rate of to 90 miles per hour. This could mean the same pattern as last week's sightings slow moving objects with bursts of speed. ;