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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 25, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Wednesday Baseball Tonight p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 134 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 25, 1950 SIXTEEN PAGES 1ST DIVISION DRIVEN OUT OF YONGDONG Congress Speeds Military Budget Voting Today On Extending Armed Forces Enlistments Due for Freeze Beyond Expiration By Barney Livingstone Washington A fast House schedule promised a vote today re- moving all limits'on the size of the armed forces. It may permit a vote next week on President Truman's request for billion extra for them to spend. j Also slated for House approval) today was a bill to freeze present! military enlistments for a year beyond their normal expiration date. Mr. Truman's new cash request was forecast in his urgent message on the Korean crisis last Wednes- day. Details he submitted late! yesterday asked new money for the armed to operate the draft and! for Ms emergency fund. The additional money would boost planned military spending for the current fiscal year which ends next June 30 to approximate- ly To Add Men The White House estimated the! new money would be enough to) add men to the armed) forces total in the fiscal year. Since this total now is with enough funds in sight to make it additional would swell the total above 000. Mr. Truman said he asked for the money CD "To meet the im Wreckage Litters the rail yard at Pyong Taek, between' Seoul and Taejon in South Korea, after the explosion of an ammunition train i i a strafing attack by North Korean planes. This occurred on July 6. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Early Tax Increase Slated in Congress BULLETIN George (D.-Ga.) said President Tru- man will ask Congress today for legislation to boost taxes about immediately. By Edwin B. Haakinson for an early increase in taxes built up mediate situation in Korea" and [in Congress today to help pay costs of the multi-billion dollar battle (2) To help America get ready to "deter further acts of aggression." Of the total largest share would go to the! Air Force. The Army would get I and the Navy An of was listed for establishment-wide activ- ities of the Defense department. The White House supplied this breakdown: "Of the total estimate 000 is for military. pay, clothing and allowances: and Is for the operation and mainte- nance of plants and facilities, such as tanks, planes, guns and ships. Aircraft procurement amounts to ship construction, and guns, field] artillery, electronics and other ma- jor procurement, against Communism in Korea and elsewhere. Spokesmen for President Truman pushed ahead meanwhile with their first task of obtaining broad emergency controls over business, Army to Keep Commissioned Men in Service Washington The Army has frozen Reserve commissions expir- ing or about to expire, a spokes- Surplus State Funds Earn Million Dollars King Reports Investments Run for 3 Years St. Paul The state has Jearned more than by In- vesting its surplus cash under a law enacted by the 1949 legisla-i tvre, State Auditor Stafford King said today. Actual investments totaled with the net earnings in' cash and accrued interest as of1 August 1, 1950. amounting to j The 194S legislature, on recom-j mentation of King, passed a law! which provides that the state vestment board may invest money; not currently needed in treasury! S bonds or certificates of indebted-! jness. However, no such investment! I may be made for longer than three1 years. King said that the earnings thus! far "are almost sufficient to pay the total appropriations for salar- ies, supplies and expense of the offices of the constitutional of-! ficers. together with similar ap-j proprialions to the executive coun- cil, the pardon board and board ofi investment, in addition to the improvement in her oxygen tent at St. Mary's hospital, Rochester. jislative expenses for the 1949 ses- The farm girl who was shot several times Sunday night by a. jealous sion." suitor is still in very critical condition, however. I King said the total appropria-' She regained consciousness Monday afternoon and was able to give tions for these departments were Fillmore County Sheriff Cook a statement. Shirley's version of the shooting Shirley Knutson Condition Still Critical Victim of Shooting Slightly Improved By Al Olson Preston, Shirley today showed signs of man said today. The treasurer's cash invested as of today is King said, tax boost posed, or Reds Barred From American Ships by Pact By Joseph C. Goodwin Washington Management _ figu.g "jand unions of the maritime ;n confirmed the confession made but it will be as of Aug-iearly Monday morning by 25-year- ust 1 because of the additional in-lold Raymond Randall, according to _ .vestment of a few sheriff. These are five-year j Mr. and Mrs, Eugene Knutson, indiKtrv and rmKimiPr lhela by who are not now! The state today had a cash Parents' have been at her Zsl calUngTr an duty. jance in the bank of was admitted to included some who A large number of at least questioned the requested controls, including Sena- tor Taft chairman of the Senate G.O.P. policy committee. President Truman already has year commissions were signed by officers who in September and Oc- tober of 1945, in the months im- mediately following the end of World War II, left active duty and flv. [State Treasurer Schmahl said. live- _ Mary's Monday morning promised the nation and the law- signed up for the Reserves. Now makers a request for higher commissions are beginning! He may present some details Wed- jnesday when Congress gets a re- to expire, just as the Korean crisis] grows more arid more acute. The remainder of the estimate itry have aSreed on a security sys- defense came late yesterday from 'ftem for barring Communists and President Truman. He asked is for high priority construction, Yesearch develop- ment, industrial mobilization, mis- cellaneous establishment-wide ac- tivities and contingencies." Stepping up Marines Members of the House armed services committee disclosed yes- subversives from American [policing was worked out yesterday jport from his economic advisers.! Therefore, the Army has issued! 'However, until yesterday most freeze order. i jhad been of higher taxes becoming The Air Force-said it has been! unable to freeze commissions its Reserve officers. The explana-] tion, a spokesman said, is that the! Air Force commissions were is- sued under a later law than that used by the Army. Legislative ac- tion would be required to keep five-year commissions in the Air Force in effect, it was said. There is no problem for the Na- effective January 1. An still impressive the down-payment Korean-Communist on the A voluntary pact under which Jan additional men equipped the Coast Guard will do the actual with fighting tools. It, would ex- by representatives and workers ship opera-; senator the armed forces above terday that the Navy contemplates federal of meeting vy and Marine corps. Their serve commissions run "at a 60 per cent increase in fighting strength as well as major] In a statement issued after additions to the fleet. !meeting, they pledged that Following at which the i of the President.' herejchairman of the Senate foreign re- is no expiration date. jlations committee, said a plan The Army and Air For re- the There may V, 11 iiiillj emu -nli lllrty to d vert Marshal order Up sorn Reservists who money from economic devel- m Europe to military proj- not on a drill-pay basis, but the a closed-door will be delayed" because there instead committee heard are found to be bad se-l rvnwnmpnf. U. S. Accuses Russians of Aiding Koreans Lake Success The United States today accused unnamed out- side forces of helping Communist Social Security Tax Increase Wins Approval Communists Reach Tip Of Peninsula Americans Move To Clear Civilians From Behind Lines of the 0. First cavalry division were driven jout of mountainous Yongdong to- by wave after wave of camou- flaged Korean Communist troops. The Americans withdrew from their western lines to new position! east of the city. But their flanking comrades had to fight their way lout of several traps, spread over jthe route from the western section [of the city. The battle was day 'long and fierce. Front dispatches received at U. S. Eighth Army headquarters in Korea sa.'d the attacking North Koreans wore leaves and grass as camouflage. Air observers saw many North Korean soldiers moving north and Surprise Attack Tokyo, Wednesday A combined U.S. and Britlih Nary task force sent curler pUneg acrou tbe louthn'estern tip of Korea Tuesday in a jizrpriws attack to flop advancing Red columns. A announce- ment said the naval piloU ilruclc at frontline target! in the area of Kwniigja, near the southwest coast. Red there had been pushing an ap- parent flunking drive aimed American communications with 1'usan, U. S. supply base on southeastern coast. The American flew Panther JeU, Sky and Corsairs. British planes maintained protective cover for the Ameri- can fliers. to fight for her life. Found in Ditch The girl was found lying in a I ditch by a cornfield on the Knut-! son farm near Fountain, Minn..! about 1-30 a m Simriav ine order was aimed at stopping hours to infiltration behind American Jinei _ _ ihnvi _tt.. Uw Washington W A Senate- south of the city in a pincers move- ment aimed at trapping these IT. S. soldiers in their first major en- gagement with the Communists. There were indications sniper and [guerrillas had got behind the Am- j erica ns. i Move Korean CivilUni All Korean civilians have been ordered out of tbe fighting southeast of Taejon. The order was aimed at stopping (back, hantj, shoulder and head. Residents of the Fountain area have talked about little else since news of the shooting became known. Scores of them have driven to the farm nestled near the bottom of a wind- ins hill over which highway 52 passes. They have viewed the narrow dirt road which leads back about of a mile to the more than double social security payroll taxes over tbe next 20 years to pay for a vastly expand- jed old age and survivors insurance program. This will increase social security tax collections from the present a year, to about next year, by Communist soldiers and saba- teurs dressed as civilians. Commanders have directed Ko- rean police to steer all from villages that may become in- volved in the fighting and to send them to points far behind Ameri- can installations. In an area once cleared of civil- ians, anyone in civilian clothing may be shot. be overcome until the U. N. builds up weapons and manpower. The U. S. implied that the Rus- ped to notice the place where Shir- to about a year be- rs ut reans BJt dfrec cUrect in 1954 000 000 000 in 1960 and The battle started wi'Ji heavy frontal attacks on American posi- tions across the main Taejon- Pusan highway at a point west of being shot in the back by a .22 The bigger collections will resultjYongdong. Fanatical Communists in waves fell upon the cavalrymen. Meager first reports indicated jley first fell to the ground after ginning in 1970. miral Forrest P. Sherman, chiefJcurity risks by the military. members are found to be bad se- Government leaders in and out against the Soviet Union was made. The U, S. reported to the secur- ity council on behalf of the unified command under General Douglas MacArthur. The first report to the a month Jof Congress continued to show con- of naval operations, members saidj Secretary of Labor Tobin saidicern at increased living costs Sec- Navy plans call for: j'the meeting: was called of Brannan j----- -------------c- ,1 wt .G-i aiJ-UiUJ 1. An increase in Marine corps, v o 1 u n t a r y agreement between'once again that "there is no aviation from 12 to 18 scmaflronsjmanagement and labor was the on-jof hoarding or increases in prices' for close ground support of way disloyal crewmen could be' 2. A boost of 60 per cent in Ma-itaken off American ships. He said' rine combat forces, which was 75.-Ithe Const Guard the F.B I andin 000 in the latest report, Someinaval intelligence already are House members understood this steps to spot Communist and! crease mipht as high as 57.000'subversive seamen. 17ien- 1 Tobin said some Communist and 3. The addition of two. or pos- subversives have sailed on Ameri Navy and Marine corps contem- council came uwuul Plate no such move at the mo-jafter Ule North launchgd the attack on the republic of South Korea. It had been billed in advance as MacAr- thur's account of the war to date, ment. The Army, now calling up small- er-than-divisional organized units, says that some volunteer Reserve officers expert in radar and com- Kibly three. Essex class can sriips but he is confident that Kohler Files For Governor Volunteers Sought Army is- sued a call today for reserve offi- 'The hope is that every Of company grade to volunteer will be a loyal service in 16 categories janci not loyal to any foreign powerl The Army said that its greatest :regardless of his Tobin current need is for lieutenants and aircraft carriers including th ejonly loyal Americans will be found commissioning of a new the crews in a short time, now under construction. 4. Material increases in cruiser and destroyer strength. said. Captain .captains in the medical and dental H. T. Jewell, C o a s t corps, the engineers and the infan- Guarci representative at the said the policing system should) it is also seeking experienced re- munications are being called up as individuals and units, j The Air Force says it may call Jon volunteer training units for spe- !cialists if such Reservists are read- ily available and their skills are critical. The Navy expects to get all the men needed from its organized Re- serve and fleet Reserve, made up of those put on inactive duty after 20 years' service. The Marines, likewise, do not contemplate any involuntary recall of volunteer Re- servists. Members of but included other material. 'ine- ifrom stepping up the present one corn stalks and trampled iand one-half per cent payroll tax show where her body was drag-on employe and employer to two ged across a neld toward the cent each in 1954, to two and where she was found. lone-half per cent in 1960, to three cent in 1965 and to three and jfvTlone-fourth per cent each in 1970. into the ditch which was filled with brush and weeds. There she remain p. m. until Sheriff Cook, his (Continued on Page 3, Column GIRL The tax now is collected on the first of a workers income. would be on the first in- creasing the top tax on an indiv- idual under the presenl rate from to Yongdong itself was not to earlier fought reports. i be operating: within a week. officers in the following cers Training the Reserve Offi- corps Army, Navy and Air exempt from the draft during their junior and senior years in college., The exemption then ceases unless) I The unions agreed to furnish a j branches: Chaplains corps, ord-jthey- accepYtheir commissions "and i (replacement for any man signals, finance, chemical go on active duty for two vears jas a security risk. Either the union j warfare, armored force, field and worker will have the arti" jor the worker will have the artillery, the Army nurse and Madison, Wis. Walter appeal. The agreement provid-iwomen's medical specialist corps. Kohler, Jr.. 46. of Kohier, filed his-ctl that nobody is to be listed as; The Army did not announce the nomination papers Monday for bad security risk because of un-jnumber of volunteers it would ac- Republican nomination for gover--'on activities. 'cept for active duty. nor. A review board is to be set vip! His G.O.P. opponent, each principal port, with one! Echnu'tt of Merrill, filed last representing Kohler, endorsed by the union and one the coast! can state convention, is a son of guard. Over these will be a na-j the former governor, jtional appeals board in Washing-! La Vern Dilweg of Green WEATHER FEDERAL, FORECASTS Winona and vicinitv: Fairmont to Vote On School Lunches became the fourth man to file! Unions and operators from all fair tonight and Wednesday. Fairmont, school board last night ordered a special election for August 4 or 5 on the question of whether a surplus left from a bond issue shall r be used to construct an addition to Gratje ilouse for lunchroom papers for the Democratic nomina-j coasts promised the government tion for the U.S. Senate. Others in the race are Attorney General Thomas E. Fairchild. "Daniel W. Hoan. former Milwaukee mayor, their full co-operation during tfie "enure period of the emergency" caused by the Communist invasion of South Korea. and William E. Sanderson of Black! Elements of the left-wing CJ.O. River Falls. (Longshoremen's union, headed by Deadline for flling nomination I Harry Bridges, and the left-wing papers with the secretary of cooks and stewards union Is 5 p. m. today. 'were not invited to the conference. much change in temperature. Low! Th" n-v irft OVM. from tonight 60: high Wednesday 82. i Tne money nas 'elt over lrom LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for th hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 83; minimum, 61; noon, 32; precipitation, none; sun sets tonigit at sun rises tomor- row at Additional weather on Page 9. an bond issue voted to fi- nance construction of the Lincoln and William H. Budd grade schools. The Lincoln school will be ready for opening September 1, while the Budd school will not be ready, the board was told, until at least Octo- jber 15 because of a bottleneck in 'mfflwork for the building. Lanesboro's Marshal, Cordey Thompson, reads the signed statement made by Raymond 25, left, who confessed to shooting Shirley Knutson, 21, "about five times or so" near Preston Sunday eight. Thompson arrested the farmhand at the _ Schmidt hospital in Lanesboro shortly after midnight Sun- day. Randall is being held at the Fillmore county jail in Preston pending the placing of formal charges. 'Republican-Herald photo The Americans pulled back through the town to their new positions. Most of the townspeople had been evacuated in line with an order for all civilians to' get out of the battlezone. Jaws of Pincers The Communists worked two jaws of a pincers movement while main- taining the heavy pressure of their frontal attack. Red soldiers wear- ing grass and leaves ttoded with ithe countryside to make themselves poor targets. .The 25th U. S. division, in posi- tions somewhere north of the First cavalry division beat off two Com- munist attacks with artillery fire and infantry support. Associated Press Correspondent Tom Lambert reported. The 25th division abandoned ad- vanced positions Monday night. Then it caught the Reds in a flanking fire when they made an assault early this morning under withering American fire. New North Korean Red attacks were anticipated in the northeast (Continued on Page 4, Column S) KOREA to Attend Madison Student Meet Madison, Wis. Headquar- ters for the U. S. National Student association said today it expected American students would at- tend the organization's third an- nual congress at Ann Arbor, Mich. A week-long meeting will begin August 23. N.S.A. said it had sent invita- tions to more than student government presidents asking that observers be sent. Ralph Himstead. Washington, :eneral secretary of the American Association of University Professors, will be keynote speaker. Congress discussion subjects have been divided into four areas: Stu- dent, educational, international and organizational affairs. ;