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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 24, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair and Not So Cool Tonight And Friday Chiefs it Waiici 8 O'clock KWNO-FM Convention on AM VOLUME 52, NO. 134 W1NONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JUIY 24, 1952 TWENTY PAOIS TODAY Dropping Berkley Irks Adlai ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO strangeness of American politics is all too amply illustrated by the inner story of what has really happened here to Alben Barkley and Adlai Steven- son. To tell that story correctly, one must begin some time before the convention began. At that time, the Democratic party comprised a thousand pol- iticians in search of a candidate. Almost everyone from the Presi- dent down (except of .course Sen. Estes Kefauver) wanted Gov. Stev- enson. But the Illinois governor had rejected a final plea to enter the race by Col. Jacob Arvey-, the Il- linois leader. And when the Presi- dent sent Democratic Chairman Frank McKinney to Springfield to make a final plea on behalf of the White House, Stevenson had sent him away with a flea in his ear. That left only two chorees for the President and the other mem- bers of the Democratic inner cir- cle. They could organize a draft of Stevenson. This the President, be- ing angry, refused to consider. The others, meanwhile, did not dare to organize a draft movement with- out the President's backing. That left them with the second picking another candidate. Until then, Vice President Alben W. Barkley had contented himself with saying he was "available." But af- ter careful consideration of all pos- sibilities, the inner Democratic group decided that the seventy four-year-old Barkley was their best bet. First Plans Made Thus the plans were laid to give powerful northern support and the valuable White House nod to Vice President Barkley. As already re- corded in this space, different plan- ners had different motives. Men like Senate Secretary Leslie Biffle went all-out for Barkley when they transferred their support from Stevenson to him. Having previ- ously advised the vice president against becoming an overactive candidate, they now persuaded Top Prize Seen for Stevenson Truman to Talk At Convention CONVENTION HALL, CHICAGO Truman is scheduled to address the Democratic National Convention at 8 p. m. (Winona tune) Friday. National Committee Chairman Frank E. McKinney told a report- er the hour is subject to change if the convention hasn't completed its ticket by that time. Two close associates said Tru- man has passed along the word that he prefers Gov. Adlai E. Ste- venson for the Democratic presi- dential nomination. The two party leaders said Tru- man's decision had been made in the light of a swiftly-moving draft behind Stevenson's reluctant can- didacy. One of the President's associates told a reporter he thinks Truman's advocacy of Stevenson may well give enough, impetus to the draft movement to bring about the Illi- nois governor's nomination on the first ballot tonight. His plane, "The is due in Chicago at p. m. Here Is Vice President Alben Barkley, summoning the schism- threatened party legions to unite in a renewed "crusade" for vic- tory over the GOP, making an all-embracing gesture during his speech before the Democratic National Convention Wednesday night in Chicago. Hiding the hurt in his heart over being forced from the presidential nominating race as too old at 74, the Veep gives out with a burst of rallying oratory. (AP Wirehoto to The Republi- can-Herald) him to do so, with the intention of staying with him to the end. The President, Col. Arvey and others also encouraged the Vice President to become an active can- didate. Arvey even telephoned Barkley in Kentucky to assure him Stevenson would not run. But the members of this second group, who also included Mayor David Lawrence of Pittsburgh and Gov. Henry Schricker of Indiana, mere- ly promised the vice president their initial support. They were not with him all the way. Their in- tention was to give Barkley a run, in the political phrase, and to see whether he would go over. More- i over, Arvey, Lawrence and Schricker all meant to join in drafting Gov. Stevenson, if Bark- candidacy failed to attract a majority, and a deadlock thus de- veloped. American political experts will argue for decades about whether the Barkley strategists were mis- taken in passing the word so early fhat the President had given the nod to the vice president. They did so on Sunday, and when they did so, they were telling the precise truth. But starting Barkley so early, they stimulated a violent counter-surge among the delegates. The delegates wished to win, but did not believe the party could win with a seventy-four-year-old standard-bearer. Younger Men Bolt In particular, certain respected and determined younger candi- dates for office, such as the Senate nominee in New Jersey, Archibald Alexander, Sen. Blair Moody of Michigan and Gov, Mennen Wil- liams of Michigan, flatly rejected the combination formed by the older leaders. Alexander and the others took the position that they did not give a damn if Arvey, Lawrence and company did not feel they could launch a Stevenson draft prior to a convention deadlock. Alexander declared that he would put Stevenson in nomination if no one else did, whatever Stevenson might say. And this bold raising of the draft-Stevenson standard en- Pack Convention Hall to Cheer Barkley By REUMAN MORIN CHICAGO (Si They said Albea W. Barkley was "too old." They said he was a fine gentle- man and a distinguished public fig-1 race. withdrew the support he had sup- posed they would give him. They said he was "too old." Barkley took himself out of the ure, but heavy with years, too many years, to be the Democratic candidate for the presidency. The Democratic convention is on fire today because of the man who was "too old." It is blazing with the new life and spirit he breathed into it last night when he spoke to more than people, whipped them into a frenzy of excitement, and stirred one of the unforgettable spectacles of a generation. His appearance at the conven- :ion was intended as a 'consolation prize" for deeply hurt. Three days before, the 74-year- old vice president was a candidate, campaigning actively to be his par- kind of a man ty's choice for the Then, as he put it, presidency, 'some self- anointed labor leaders" suddenly There was a tremendous explo- sion of warmth and sympathy and affection when the "Veep" marched down the platform onto the rostrum last night. The organ began to play "My Old Kentucky Home" and rolling billows of mu- sic and cheering thundered through the great hall. Not A Candidate Barkley stood looking down the demonstration, unsmiling, al- most impassive. From time to time he waved and bowed, ack- nowledging a tremendous salute. It went on for 24 minutes, constantly hitting new peaks of sound and excitement. Finally, they let him speak. He had no manuscript and the teleprompter was blank and dark. He said he had not had time, "since I received this couraged delegates above. A great many the surge a 1 r e a dy among the mentioned scores of dele- gates took the unprecedented step Gilmanton School Building Gutted GILMANTON, Wis. fire in a chemical toilet got out of control here this morning and completely gutted the Gilmanton Grade School building. The roof of the two-story brick building, built in 1910, fell in, but the walls were still standing at noon. An old frame building, which was attached several years ago to accommodate the school's hot lunch program, was unharmed, up until noon, through efforts of the Mon- dovi fire department, although all equipment had been removed from it. Nothing was saved from the main building, according to Glenn Hutch- inson, principal. He said that fire insur ance was carried, but indicated that the (loss is much more than that. Under Water ST. PAUL Mississippi River held to its high level of 14.3 feet at Aitkin today but Army engineers thought they could head off a further rise if there is no ad- ditional precipitation soon. Fifteen inches of rain in a five- The fire in two chemical toilets got of going, quite spontaneously, to day period shot the level up, flood' tfcoir. tho offer their support to the amateur draft- Stevenson headquarters opened by Prof. Walter Johnson of Chicago University. The labor chieftains helped to crystallize matters by declaring that although they greatly liked and respected Barkley, they could not persuade their people to vote for him. Not Absolute Commitment These northern leaders did not consider their commitment to Barkley as being absolute. Col. Arvey announced the change of signals at the famous "Canvas Curtain Caucus" of the Illinois del- of and making egation, pleaded when Gov. Stevenson with his friends not to back his candidacy, and Arvey and the other Illinois delegates flatly defied the governor. That was the great turning point. For Barkley, it spelled doom, Illinois, Pennsylvania and Indiana were to have supplied the great majority of the 227 first-ballot votes that the Vice President had (Continued on Page 11, Column 8.) ALSOPS in the Aitkin area many county roads impassable. This was the third straight day the stage was at the 14.3 vicinity. Flood stage is 12 feet. Army engi- neers said reservoirs at Sandy Lake and Pokegama dams had been able to take added water and forestall further flooding. However, 'both reservoirs were virtually full today. Engineers said neither could take much more wa- ter. Because of that, were keeping their fingers crossed and hoping against rain. The Pokegama dam is on the Mississippi near Grand Rapids. The other installation, Sandy Lake, is 20 miles above Aitkin on the Sandy River, a tributary of the Mississippi. A. D. Sanial, federal Observer at La Crosse, today predicted a crest of 9.3 feet at Winona on the morn- ing of July 28, back-to-back out of con- trol about o'clock in a false wall separating the two. Using kerosene, school officials have been in the habit of burning out the toi- lets once a year, Hutchinson said that the school board planned to install flush toi- lets before the start of the 1952-53 school term, and that today's burn- ing out was to be the last in the history of the school. Gilmanton is an unincorporated community, without community sanitary sewers or water system. The school operates a small well, with pump, for its own purposes. But that supply was of no use iri fighting today's fire. The Mon- dovi fire truck had to make runs to the pond, about a quarter of a mile away, for water. The building consisted of a base- ment, where the toilets were lo- cated and where about 10 tons of coal were stored for the heating system, and the first and second floors. There were four large class- rooms for the staff of four teach- ers, a library and a utility room. Enrollment is about 100. Burning out the toilets were Earl Britton, school board clerk, and Irvin Nelson, janitor. to write a speech. He said, "I am not here as a candidate for any office this con- vention can confer." In the back of the hall, and in the galleries, a chorus welled up No." The "Veep" shook his head. As he spoke, reviewing the 20- year record of the Democrats, his voice began to gather volume and momentum. He said: "I believe the programs of the Democratic party give the great- est good to the greatest number of the American people and if I at did not believe that, I would join ____ some other party that does believe mg victory, in those eternal and immortal principles." Then he turned to the Republi- cans, recalling that Dwight D. Eisenhower, the GOP nominee, had said he was going to lead a cru- sade. "We are not beginning a cru- Barkley shouted. "We are continuing a crusade a crusade to see to it that every child born of woman should be- born under conditions making it easy for him to live in a normal, wholesome atmosphere, with a chance for edu- cation to prepare himself for the burdens and responsibilities of life. "The administrations of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry S. Tru- man have given the American peo- ple a greater share in the enjoy- ment of the fruit of their labof than any other administration in the history of the United he said. He then turned to foreign policy. He reviewed the events between the two world wars, and the period that followed. He said Americans were drawn "unavoidably" into the two great conflicts. The Republicans have callec the Democrats "a war party" be cause there were Democratic pres idents in office in 1917, 1941, and 1950 when American troops wen1 to war, he said. What Course Open? Barkley beat the air with his big fists and leaned forward, press ing against the shelf of the rostrum when he cried: "When our Republicans say tha under Democratic administrations there have been two great work wars, I ask them to tefl the Amer. lean people what they would have done if they had been in power on Dec. 7, 1941, when Pearl Harbor was attacked by the armies of Japan." And he went on to say thai American troops are in Korea to- day because "we pledged our wore in San Francisco that as members of the United Nations we would come to the defense of any mem- ber nations under attack anywhere in the world." Then, the man they said was "too old" referred to his age. He said he spent his birthday last year in Korea. "It was the best birthday I have ever had, but it is not the last one I will ever have by a number of years." His speech was a kind of keynote address. It listed what he called the achievements of the Democrats, and defended what many analysts believe may be the party's most vulnerable points Korea, the United Nations, and for- eign relations. When it was over, the demon- stration was even greater than the one that preceded Berkley's speech. The ovation went on and on. It was a moment a moment that lasted more than a half-hour of complete triumph for the man who was "too old" to be the choice of his Platform Gets Full Approval By Convention Pledges Peace, Progress and Prosperity By EdWin B. Haakinson CHICAGO W) Democrats pledged prosperity, peace and progress to the nation's voters to- day in a platform that avoided past party feuds, over "civil rights." A quick decision by Chairman Sam Rayburn, after a mixed shout of yea and no votes, put the national convention's official approval on the new campaign document early this morning. Delegates from Georgia and Mississippi asked to be recorded as voting and one from Ten- nessee objected to the platform's lack of a congressional crime in- jvestigating committee plank. But skillful maneuvers by Rep. John W. McCormack of Massa- chusetts, platform chairman, and National Committee Chair- man Frank McKinney produced a fair sample of party harmony. The shouted adoption, after Mc- Cormack had read the nearly 000 words to tired delegates, was sweet music to party leaders who feared a repetition of 1948. Avoid Floor Battle In that year a bitter floor battle for a stronger racial relations plank split the party wide open, and in the November election four Southern states were absent from the Democratic column. Aiding in the unity effort this time were Sen. John Sparkman of Alabama, for Southerners, and Philip B. Perlman, who recently resigned as solicitor general. Curiously, both Dixie delegates, who insist that states and commun- ities can best handle racial prob- Phil Murray, left, head of the CIO steelworkers union, and Ben- jamin Fairless, president of U.S. Steel Corp., shake hands at the White House in Washington today after they arrived to discuss the steel strike with President Truman, (AP Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald) Truman Warns Leaders To End Steel Strike WASHINGTON Truman told the leaders of the war- ring steel factions in a dramatic face-to-face meeting at the White House today that they must settle quickly the devastating strike of steelworkers. Then the President sat the leaders of the two sides down to tnrasn out the issues which caused the strike that has closed down the nation's steel mills for 53 days. A White House spokesman said that Truman in talking with Ben- jamin Fairless, president of U.S. Steel Corp., and Philip Murray, head of the striking CIO union, used very strong language. The appeal, the spokesman said, amounted to an ultimatum. None of the parties to the three- way conference were willing, how- ever, to express any outspoken hopes for a quick settlement. Reporters asked Fairless and Murray what they thought of the prospects of a speedy settlement. ''No lems, and Northerners, who want Both and answered: strong federal action, are claim- comment. g victory s conference was one of 'The answer is that the same Ifte more dramatic meetings be- words and phrases, if handled I tw_een Truman and chieitains of skillfully, mean different things to I labor ,and industry. In order to talk with them, the President put off a planned visit to the Demo- cratic National Convention until tomorrow. Truman apparently was making different people. Northerners such as Sens. Leh- man of New York, Humphrey of Minnesota and Benton of Connec- ticut claimed the new plank was much stronger than 1948's. Prefer Party Harmony Southerners such as Sens. Spark- Mossadegh Puts Finishing Touch On New Cabinet By NATE POLOWETZKY TEHRAN, Iran W) Premier Mohammed Mossadegh put finish- ing touches on a new Cabinet today as Iran's bloodied capital slowly returned to normal from rioting that swept the popular old Nation- alist chieftain back into power. But-a "hate America" Actual Balloting Expected at Night Session Kefauver, Russell Nominated in Huge Demonstrations By JACK BELL CONVENTION HALL, CHICAGO Democratic convention, on the threshhold of naming a presi- dential candidate, gave roaring de- monstrations today to Richard Rus- sell and Estes Kefauver, but by all the signs was ready to give its big prize to reluctant Gov. Adlai Stev- enson. In the stage of nominating speeches, the delegates whooped it up in the traditional fashion for Russell and Kefauver, first names to be put before them. Similar speeches were due later for Stevenson, Averell Harriman, Robert Kerr, and a flock of "fav- orite sons." Hanging over the convention was the threat of a knock-down drag- out North-South row which would carry angry words and ugly scenes o the millions of Americans watch- ng and listening. Orville Freeman, chairman of the Minnesota delegation, told re- wrters he was ready to make an issue of it if three Southern hold- outs against a loyalty pledge were allowed to vote. Freeman told delegates he will try to get recognition to make po'int of order against Louisiana, South Carolina or Virginia if they try to vote. He instructed his delegation to put on a demonstration if the rhair refuses to recognize him. "We'll demonstrate and yell for an hour if we have to to get re- Freeman said. Convention managers plan- ned to hold off on the actual balloting until a night session. Stevenson still wasn't saying whether he would accept But no- body doubted that he would. And there was still no public word from President Truman as to his many .but-a -nate America campaign spread to the press, reflecting ris- ing anti-U. S. feeling here. Mossadegh was expected to pre- sent his 'new set of ministers to the administration's bigotry Mohammed Reza Pablevi to- to bring accord between the indus- try and Murray's striking man, Holland of Florida and Willis j steelworkers. Smith of North Carolina said parts 20% of Arms Lost of the plank went a bit too -far but they preferred party harmony to a fight. Acting Defense Mobilizer John R. Steelman, whose repeated me- diation attempts to stop the crip- Actually the compromise was pling, 53-day strike have failed, settled in two separate sections of i was asked to sit in during the j the dramatic presidential appeal to both sides for an immediate end to the walkout. Looming ominously in the back- ground was the threat of imminent paralysis to the nation's defense effort. Defense Secretary Robert Lov- ett estimated that "somewhere be- tween 20 and 30 per cent" of the the platform. Northerners had insisted on a plank demanding an end to Senate filibusters that oflon have killed off civil rights and other bills. Instead they got a broadly word1 ed plank calling for improvement of "congressional procedures so that the majority rule prevails and decisions can be made after rea- sonable debate without being (Continued on Page 17, Column 4.) PLATFORM day or tomorrow with either the Premier himself or his choice heading the key war ministry. The monarch's refusal last week to let Mossadegh take over that post caused the Premier to resign. Thirty-five or more persons' were killed in wild pro-Mossadegh dem- onstrations that followed. All opposition to Mossadegh ap- peared to have evaporated in the violence. One after another, oppo- sition members of Parliament sent letters to the newspapers last night pledging him their support. The Majlis approval of his return to office was belatedly seconded by the Senate without a dissenting vote. Of the 60 upper house mem- Miss Maxine Kohner, Winona's entry in the Minneapolis Aqua- tennial Queen Contest, sunned herself for a photographer this morning on a floating island in Theodore Wirth pool in Minneapolis. The new Aqua "Queen of the Lakes" will'be crowned Friday eight. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) expected arms production for this oerSi 33 voted last night for the (Continued on Page 3, Column 4.) j Premier, eight abstained, the rest STEEL were absent. The vote mattered little the Shah already had charged Mossadegh to form a new government. In such a situation, Mossadegh apparently could obtain without challenge what Parliament last week was reluctant to grant him unlimited powers to deal with the nation's economic and finan- cial crisis. Though he as yet has presentee no program, the Premier earlier said there must be no except on Iranian terms will the British of the oil dispute which has denied the government ma jor revenue, and that Iran other wise must work her way out of her current economic morass through hardest austerity. The United States rapidly was drawing closer to Britain as an object of public fury. Quoting a Parliament member, the newspa- per Bakhtar-e-Emruz officia: organ of Mossadegh's National Front said: "The American policy toward Iran is hated by this nation." WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and not so cool tonight. Friday partly cloudy and warmer. Low tonight 65, high Friday 88. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum S3; minimum 59; noon, 83; precipitation, none; sun :ets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Airport Weather (CAA Observations) Max. 79 at noon, min. 55 at .m. Noon readings skies clear, :o ceiling, visibility 15 miles, wind 2 miles per hour from southeast, mmidity 69, barometer 30.18. Additional weather on Page 17. Kansas delegates, who have been on the fence, Steven- son with their 16 convention votes at a pre-session caucus and Texas decided in caucus to put all of its 52 votes behind Russell. These changes raised to 195 the total of known prospective first bal- lot votes for Russell as disclosed by an AP poll of delegates, and sent Stevenson's total to 182. Har- riman has 107. The Stevenson boom got anoth- er boost when Gov. Paul A. Dever of Massachusetts announced he would vote for the Illinois gover- nor on the second ballot. He said he had made no recommendation to other delegates as to how they should vote. The 36 Massachusetts votes were to go to Dever on the first ballot as a favorite son. Short-Count Vote The 52-year-old Illinois governor may be tabbed on a short-count ballot-with three Southern states- South Carolina, Virginia and Lou- it out. This Dixie-sitdown. prompted by a feud over a party loyalty pledge, seemed likely to impel the selec- tion of a Southerner for second place on the ticket. This would be a direct attempt to offset the reputed popularity of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the GOP presidential nominee, below tee Mason and Dixon line. For this role, delegates were pointing toward Sen. Richard B. Russell of he would take it. Russell told his campaign strategists he couldn't conceive of any circumstances in which he would trade a powerful place in the Senate for the standby job of vice president. Harriman Supporters Supporters of Averell Harriman of New York, the mutual security administrator, clutched at the hope that the Stevenson draft movement would flop and the party would turn to its only all-out "Fair Deal" candidate, namely Harriman. As the hour of decision ap- proached, die Associated Press :abulation of known first-ballot choices showed this lineup: Kefauver, 271H. Stevenson, ISWi. Russell, l98Vi. Harriman, Kerr, 45Va. Others, 226. Uncommitted, Needed to nominate, Despite some contrary indica- tions, President Truman still seemed to be keeping hands off he ticket selection. Three lieuten- ants in direct touch with him said >uman wasn't talking yet-on that point. The President was represented a: highly pleased with the party Continued on Page 5, Column 4.) CONVENTION ;