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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 22, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonight, Partly Cloudy, Cooler Wednesday Chiefs vs. Austin 8 p. m. KWNO-FM Convention on AM VOLUME 52, NO. 132 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 22, 1952 TWENTY PAGES TODAY Convention Much Like One in '44 By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP CHICAGO There is a smell of 1944 about this convention. Eight years ago, it may be remember- ed, Franklin Roosevelt had the greatest difficulty making up his mind about his vice presidential running mate. But the Democrat- ic party leaders had no difficulty whatever in making up their minds that they wanted Harry S. Truman. Roosevelt was in Wash- ington, distant from the scene. The bosses were ia Chicago, on top of events. So the Democratic party named Truman. That is the real parallel for the growing movement to nominate Alben Barkley for the Presidency. The word has come from Washing- ton, through the several differen channels the President is employ ing, that Barkley "has the nod.' The Presidential nod, plus the fa more important maneuvering o the most seasoned party chieftains is quite likely to get the top spo for the 74-year-old vice president the circumstances of this development remain the best commentary on the Presiden- tial nod. In effect, the President has now nodded to a man he does not much like, and does not really approve as a candidate. Only a few days ago, Truman was still pointing out that if he feared leaving the White House in a pine box at the age oj 68, the vice president, at 74, was even more plainly debarred by his age. But the leaders have been working on the President. His com- munication with Chicago is mainly through them. They have brought him to Barkley by the system of "nine blue bottles hanging on the wall." Truman might well have seized the real leadership of this conven- tion by deciding to organize a willy-nilly draft of Gov, Adlai Stev- enson. But Stevenson had written the indiscreet letter previously re- ported in this space. Matt Con- nelly and other White House allies of the pro-Barkley party leaders have been doing their efficient best to set the President against the Illinois governor. Truman would not "stick his neck out for Steven- son." Truman might also have pre- served his own consistency by backing W. Averell Harriman, as, indeed, he was three-quarters committed to do. But again, the pro-Barkley leaders warned the President, probably entirely accur- ately, that at least two-thirds of the convention delegates would gang up to stop a Harriman nom- ination. They pleaded with the President not to run the risk of "repudiation." So Truman sadly decided not to back Harriman. Among the candidates ac- ceptable to the President, only Barkley was left. So Barkley got the famous nod. The ques- tion still remains how much this nod is worth. The pro-Barkley leaders divide naturally into two factions. The first faction is the Senate group, master-minded by the always ad- roit Senate secretary, Leslie Bif- fle. These men are for Barkley all the way. Faction number two comprises such local potentates as Col. Jacob Arvey of Illinois, May- or David L. Lawrence of Pitts- burgh and National Committee Chairman Frank McKinney. These urge for Stevenson Swelling It Was A Serious-Looking Vice President Alben Barkley, who escorted his wife through the lobby of their hotel in Chicago Mon- day night shortly before he announced his withdrawal from the race for the Democratic presidential nomination. The 74-year- old Barkley issued a statement in which he declared: "I have asked .the Kentucky delegation not to present my name in the convention." (AP Wirephoto io The Republican-Herald) 6 South States Balking at 'Loyalty' Rule May Cause Loss Of 59 Electoral Democratic Votes CHICAGO new Southern revolt threat, kindled by the Dem- ocratic convention's adoption of a party loyalty pledge, posed pos- sibilities of greater import today than the Dixie bolt of 1948. In their losing battle against the sledge, Southern delegates argued n convention debate early today "t might cause the loss of states. The Georgia, Loui- siana, Mississippi, South Carolina and 59 electoral votes among them. It takes only :66 electoral votes to be elected President and ast election was a big all of these states' 59 go to the Democratic candidate. Bigger Revolt The 1948 rebellion cost the Dem- ocratic nominee, President Tru- man, a total of 39 electoral votes n four Southern states but Tru- man won without them" The four Louisiana, Mississippi nd South to the tates rights ticket headed by ormer Gov. J. Strom Thurmond f South Carolina. Hence, the stake in any Southern lt this time is more tates and 20 more electoral votes. FEPC Issue Sen. Hubert Humphrey, Minnesota's favorite- son candidate for the Democratic presidential nomination, waves a finger as he addresses Michi- gan delegates in an informal meeting on the floor of the Democratic national convention in Chicago. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) F.D. Jr. Draws Negro Congressman Applause, Eyed Praises Democrats For V-P Post By RELMAN MORIN and Mississippi. It was not !ear if it would affect the seating ispute, now working its way hrough committees. men are not all-outers. They are for Barkley because they like him, think him a good campaigner and believe he will hold the Democratic party togeth- er. They would much prefer to draft Gov. Stevenson, but they do not dare start a draft-Stevenson movement at this time without lead from the White House. On the other hand, if Vice Pres dent Barkley does not get a ma jority in a fairly early ballot, draft-Stevenson movement will ge going all but spontaneously. Ii that case, those who really prefe Stevenson will soon begin deserl ing Barkley as well as the othe candidates. The snowball can then roll up rafter rapidly. Nor wi] the President try to stop the snow ball. His nod to Barkley is only intended to give the Vice Presi dent his chance. It is not a prom ise of last-ditch support. No one can tell, meanwhile, whether Berkley will or will not able to get an early ballot majority. Tho labor and liberal groups are in gainst him, not because they dislike him but because they regard him as a losing candi- date. They may even persuade .Truman to modify his stand. Then too, the forces of Sen. Estes Kefauver and Averell Harriman have now united to fight Dem- ocratic Chairman McKinney's in- tended compromises of the civil rights issue and the delegate con- tests in Mississippi and Texas, If McKinney is beaten on these is- sues, it will be a heavy setback for the Barkley strategists. Finally, there is the ruck of del- egates, now just arriving in Chi- cago. Rightly or wrongly, the great majority of them have re- covered, from the defeatism which the mere name of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower formerly inspired. They think their party can win again, and most of them have an acute personal interest in victory.. By A. B. BRYAN CHICAGO President Alben W. Barkley withdrew sud- denly last night from the Democratic presidential nomination race with a bitter attack on the "self-anointed political labor leaders" who had refused him their support. Until his surprise announcement, he had been considered one of the top contenders at the party's na- tional convention. 1 The Kentucky delegation, with its 26 votes pledged to him, said it was "shocked and grieved" at the withdrawal. A member of the delegation pre- dicted the state's votes may go to Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois on the first ballot. The Kentuekians all but walked out on the convention last night {alter Barkley quit the race. They met briefly, agreed to cast their votes as a unit and then adjourned until called together again to de- cide on what presidential aspirant CHICAGO W) A few days ago, the political writers covering the The pledge battle overshadowed Democratic convention here asked Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr., wheth- er he himself might turn out to be a candidate for the vice presi- dency. "That's an iffy he snapped (quoting his famous fa- "and a silly one." It may have sounded iffy-silly last week, but it doesn't today. Roosevelt hit the convention like a ton of bricks in a five-minute ap- pearance. What he said was of less importance than the obvious im- pression it made on the Demo- crats. He looks like a man who is going places in politics and in the not-distant future. Early this morning, in the midst of a typical Democratic hassle, Roosevelt was announced as a speaker. In Blue Suit He came to the platform wear- Russe May Not Be Po CHICAGO t-n-Rep. Cox (D-Ga) said today it is possible that the name of Sen. Richard -Russell for President "may not be put in nom- ination." Cox made the statement to a re- porter shortly after the Georgia Texas and Mississippi delegates, eated temporarily, agreed volun- arily not to vote on any delegate ontests. This averted a fight such s split the Uepublican convention wo weeks ago. Whether a 1952 revolt, if it should ome and there were no outward signs that the six states were get- ting together would follow the 1948 pattern was anybody's guess. But there were at least two parallels: 1. The underlying issue, civil rights, was the same. 2. Most of the same and, j in instances, the same men were I involved. The South's basic argument is that racial matters should be handled by the states. It especially objects to any compulsory fair em- ployment practices commission which it contends would blanket the South with federal en- forcement agents. Chicago Naturally Patriotic Musically CHICAGO You can't expect a lusty town like Chicago to fol- low a set of mimeographed instruc- tions, of course. For example at the Democratic Convention the program read: CHICAGO Negro congressman told the Democratic conven- tion today that President Truman "swept the cobwebs" off equality laws while Republicans did nothing but talk. "The people know what Truman has done and is still doing about civil said Rep. William L. Dawson of Illinois, vice chairman of the Democratic National Com- mittee. "They know that President Tru- man swept the cobwebs off of con- stitutional equality under the law and made it a revitalizing principle hi the heart of every black Ameri- can. "High sounding phrases by Re- publican spell-binders have not un- done, nor can ever undo what (Franklin DJ Roosevelt, Truman Can't Turn Down Draft: Stevenson CHICAGO (M Gov. Henry F. Schricker of Indiana said today Gov. Adlai Stevenson has inform- ed him that if the Democratic presidential nomination is offered "he couldn't turn it down." Schricker said he would nomin- ate Stevenson. He has been a I staunch backer of the Illinois gov- ernor for months. I Asked bv newsmen if Stevenson and the done." Democratic party have Dawson's speech was one of five prepared for today's early session. It came as delegates ware thresh- ing out in committee the civil rights plank of their the issue which split the party in 1948. Sharing the speakers' program Hope Illinois Governor Can Appease South Adopted Ambiguous 'Loyalty7 Rule May Break Party Apart By JACK BELL CONVENTION HALL, Chicago, Strife-plagued Democrats turned today toward Bible-quoting Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois for the nomination magic which might dispel the lowering threat of a Dixie walkout. In Stevenson, friends professed to find a possible presidential nom- inee who could draw the sting of a wound-opening defeat for potential Southern bolters in the convention's shouted adoption during the weary early morning hours on a "loyal- ty" rule. Ambiguous in language and sub- lect to almost any kind of inter- iretation, the rule said in effect hat delegates must give assia-- ance they will exert every "honor- able means" to see that the con- vention's presidential and vice presidential nominees get on their state's ballot. Delegates Protest It was shoved down the throats of protesting Dixie delegations by Sen. Blah- Moody of Michigan, newspaperman turned politician. Moody may be eyeing the vice nomination. The rule was gaveled into exist- ence by Gov. Paul Dever of Mas- achusetts, the temporary chair- man, after piercing complaints by jouthern leaders that it would put hem in the position of violating heir state laws or party organi- ation instructions. Five states with 110 votes toward he 615% needed for the presiden- tial nomination would be affected directly. They are Virginia, South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi and Louisiana. All of these five Save laid out machinery with which they could bolt the national ticket if they don't like the nominee or the platform. Texas, with 52 votes, seemed likely to go along with the Moody rule. Gov. Allan Shivers said it doesn't conflict with state laws there, which he said require that the people get a chance to vote on .tie lu uiau.ui.iij >vcui- ing a blue summer suit, a teie. j had told him he would accept, the visible blue-and-white tie, and a I Governor replied: Harriman button, man's campaign (He is Harri-1 manager.) A cowlick of hair, curving down past his right eyebrow gave him an en- gagingly boyish look. The delegates, at just that mo- ment, were in no very amiable mood. It was getting on toward 2 a.m. and they were hot and tired. They were in the midst of an argument over a proposal to-exact from the delegates a "loyalty pledge" to the party's nominees, when finally they are chosen. Some Southern delegates were bucking and kicking, and hollering "foul" because the resolution had been they will support. May Back Stevenson Mrs. Susan Pollard, national committeewoman from Lawrence. delegation had voted unanimously burg, Ky., told a newsman, "There against the "loyalty oath" rule is a strong possibility we will vote adopted by the convention last] for Stevenson on the first ballot." night and agreed to sit it out in Barkley withdrew from the race convention hall until they are kick- after missing his first keynote ses- ed out. Cox said that unless the-conven- tion rescinded its action in adopt- ing the amendment it will put the sion in more than 30 years. His statement came a day after high CIO and AFL officials withheld support on the ground that November election in the hands of I 74-year-old Kentuckian was too the Republican party. I ol4 to, ,make a successful race. v 3 ....________j Barkley, evidently deeply hurt; said in a statement he had never believed a single group would dom- inate a great political party. I "But he said, "certain l self-anointed political labor lead- crs have taken it upon themselves to announce their opposition to me as the Democratic nominee for President." These labor leaders, he said, hac committed themselves "to a pro gram and to candidates o_ther than myself, which would give them greater control of the machinery and policies of the Democratic party." At the same time, he added, leaders of certain large delegations who had been encouraging him "have found' it expedient" to with- draw their support. Barkley, a vigorous fighter who boasted that he never became tired in his life, dropped out of the Dem- ocratic presidential picture not long after a reliable report indi- cated President Truman likely will throw his support to Stevenson. Barkley made no mention of the Illinois governor, who has insisted he does not want the nomination. While Mrs. Pollard and others predicted the Kentucky delegation may swing its support to Steven- son, Gov. Lawrence Wetherby, who was scheduled to nominate Bark- ey, spoke angrily about "an under- cover Stevenson faction." j time for deliberation. "Following adjournment the or-j brought in so late, and with little ganist will play a patriotic melody as the convention hall is emptied." So what did the organ play? "Chicago! Chicago! to son, "He put it this said if j and to him he couldn't turn with Dawson were Georgia Neesejthe national party's nominees Clark, treasurer of the United But the five other del States; Perte Mesto, JJ.S. minister called strategy caucuses -ere. indications they might decide down." By all the signs, the Democratic convention was moving toward of- fering its big prize to Stevenson. Draft sentiment, already strong, seemed to be swelling higher. Man Dies From Shock MINNEAPOLIS Lewis Fah-; land, 23, Minneapolis, died in Swedish Hospital Monday, five hours after he suffered a severe shock while seeking to clear a drain with an electric drill. The I mishap occurred at the Brown Roosevelt bounced into view, i Steel Tank Co. Coroner Russell R. flashed a Grade-A Roosevelt smile, j Heim said water in the drain ap- and waved a big paw like a happy I parently shorted the current young bear. I through Fahland's body. A f Air rorce Investigates Flying Saucer Reports WASHINGTON By JACK RUTLEDGE -The Air Force today investigated reports A Real Dark-horse, "Fran- cis the Talking Mule" of movie fame, wears the badges of every candidate for President at the Democratic convention, Jean Cambron of Cleveland, Ohio, acting as custodian of the famous "talking mule" says, "Francis likes everybody." :hat several "flying saucers" had been spotted by radar virtually in its own backyard on the outskirts of the nation's capital. Not only were unidentified objects seen on ac- tual substance instead of mere two airline pilots and a newsman saw eerie lights fitting the general description of flying saucers the same night. Officials could not immediately agree on whether this was the first time radar has picked up flying saucers. Some said it was. All agreed it was unusual. The objects also were different from the average reported saucer in that they traveled at a relatively slow speed, as well as later dis- closing the customary burst that far outspeeds normal airplanes. One thing was certain: A thor- ough investigation is being made by the Air Technical Intelligence Center, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, which has been set up to look into flying saucer reports. More Reports Such reports, officials had said earlier yesterday, are coming in than at any time since the initial flood in 1947. The current average is about 100 sightings a month. The flying saucers over the cap- ital were reported late yesterday, about 36 hours after the incident actually occurred. This is the story as pieced to- gether from Air Force reports, persons involved, and other sour- ces: An operator at the Air Traffic Control Center at Washington Na- tional Airport, across the Potomac from the capital, spotted eight un- identified images on one of his radars the area surveillance scope, with a range of possibly 70 miles. The images were slow-moving, oing probably 100 to 130" miles an hour. And they were flying in the Flight 807, southbound. from Na- tional Airport, soon reported see- ing seven objects between Wash- ington and Martinsburg, W. Va He said they changed pace, some- times moving at tremendous speed, at other times hanging almost mo- tionless. Not Identified He was careful in his report, and later in an interview, not to identify the objects as flying sau- cers. He described them as "like falling stars without tails" but added: "In my years of flying I've seen a lot of falling or shooting stars but these were much faster. They .couldn't have been aircraft. They were moving too fast for j that. They were about the same size as the brighter stars, and were much higher than our foot altitude.' America. Of the five speeches, only Mrs. Mesta's did not touch on the Re- publican-Democrat tussle in the November presidential election. Work for Women Mrs. Mesta said she would like to see more women in politics, as well as in industry, the profes- sions, the government and the mili- tary. She said women are work- ing for peace, freedom and justice "shoulder-to-shoulder with men." Mrs. Anderson said American foreign policy, under Democratic administrations, is forging unity throughout the world to stem Com- munist aggression. "Our purpose is human she said. "This is what all free men want and will work for. This is what we Americans will choose again in November." Mrs. Clark said Republicans "can't take a Every four of nearby Andrews Airj Another airliner, Capital-Nation- al Airlines Flight 610, also re- Force Base. The control center, operated by Civil Aeronautics Administra- tion, notified the Air Force and also asked planes in the air if they could see anything. That was around midnight. Capt. S. C. (C'asey) Pierman of Detroit, piloting Capital Airlines ported seeing a light following it from Herndon, Va. to within four miles of Washington. Saul Pett, an Associated Press newsman, said he saw a "flying saucer" that same night near his home at River Edge, N, J., out- side of New York. years since 1932, she said, they "point with alarm, but when pinned down they say 'me too'." "What a tragedy it would be if they should actually break through in an unguarded she said, "and seize the power to re- verse the march of progress in this country." Nelson said the Republican plat- form is full of "confused contra- dictions." He said it actually states the principles of Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio. Afraid- of Taft But Taft was rejected and Gen, Dwight Eisenhower was elected GOP presidential nominee, Nelson said, because: "The Republican afraid to boldly and honestly present their true conservative and quasi-iso- lationist program and have it com- pete with the Democratic liberal and positive domestic and foreign policies." The appearance of Mrs. Mesta, Mrs. Anderson and Mrs. Clark en the program led to its being tagged "ladies day." "The Democratic offi- cial pubu'cation of the national committee's women's division, was the opener. It was billed as "ani- mated" and a "talking, walking magazine." Here's why: Instead of writing articles, the women are speaking their piece today and tomorrow at convention headquarters Conrad Hilton Hotel. in the the loyalty "assurance." No one seemed to know what next move might be if that occured. The Moody rule's adoption fore- cast the latter approval bv the con- vention of a. civil rigbts'plank so strong in its terms that the South, erners would have another reason to stride angrily out of this almost- leaderless convention. Growing Possibility But the growing possibility that the reluctant Stevenson would wind up with a presidential nomination he has said repeatedly he doesn't "want laid something of a restrain- ing hand on the bolt threats. There was indisputable evidence tnat the Dixie members regard Stevenson rather fondly as a "kiss- in' cousin" who may not always agree with them on such principles as are involved in the civil rights proposals, but as a candidate who would be reasonable about his dif- ferences with them. Vice President Alben Barkley's abrupt exit from the presidential scramble last night strengthened the draft Stevenson movement, which has been nurtured on the convention floor by such able strat- egists as Jacob M. Arvey, Illinois national committeeman. Barkley quit with a bitter blast at "self-anointed political labor leaders" who had told him face to face a day earlier they considered CONVENTION (Continued to Page 18, Col. 3) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winoaa and vicinity: Showers, thunderstorms and cooler tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy and cool- er with showers ending early in the forenoon. Low tonight 72, high Wed- nesday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 97; minimum, 71; noon, 95; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. 92 at a.m. today, min. 71 at p.m. Monday. Noon feet scat- ;ered, visibility 15 miles, wind, south, southwest at 15 miles per hour, humidity 71, barometer 29.72; steady. Additional weather on page IS.- ;