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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 21, 1947, Winona, Minnesota w EATHER Fair And aniMMoriB lotilfklf T and 102 DAYS Fund PMl Art Full Leased Wire Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of VOLUME 47. NO. 130 WJNONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 21, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Fire Raging in Minot; 7 Places Burn Dutch Troops Seize Key Points in Java Republican Airports Bombed Heavy Fighting Under Way Near Batavia By Stanley Swlnton Bjttavls, ing differences between the Nether- lands and the Indonesian republic blazed Into open warfare today as Dutch forces pressed operations against the republic on tho land and In the air after seizing Indo- nesian key points here In a series of lightning moves last night. Acting Governor-General Hu- bertus J. Van Mook described the Dutch operations as "police but the Indonesian news agency Antara it was closed Dutch planes had bombed and strafed Republican airports throughout Java and that Dutch troops were attacking simul- taneously at several points. Antara quoted General Soedlr- man. Indonesian army commander In Jogjakarta, as saying that the Dutch were attacking not only along front lines "but also in the statement that suggest- ed the possible use of airborne troops or parachutists. Reports Confusing Closing down of the Antara offices In BMrtvla cut oil the prin- cipal source of news here and left a confused picture of the general sit- uation, for the Dutch refrained for the moment from issuing any com- munique on the progress or scope of their operations. The situation was further con- fused when the radio at Jogjakarta, Republican capital, went off the air suddenly hi mld-momlng without giving any explanation. Its silence Immediately, roused speculation that It might have been the target of air attack. Before It was shut down, Antara reported heavy fighting under way at Bultenzore, which Is about 80 miles southeast of Batavia, and near Bandoeng, some 70 miles further east. The agency also Indicated that Dutch columns were striking: .out in on effort to secure tho rich Su- danese rice country of western Java, but sold they were meeting Two Atomic Experts 2 Dead. 16 Accused of Teaching In Communist Schools Walter 8. Stecle, above, of Washington tells the House un- American activities committee this morning that there oro about communist sym- pathizers in the United States, according to his estimates. (AJP, Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Walter S. Steele Says With Cards in U. S. Washington Walter S. Steele told the House un-American activities committee today that Dr Frank Oppenhelmer and Dr. Lewis Balamuth, wartime experts on attomlc power, have taught since at communist schools. Steele, who testified as chairman of the national security committee of the American Coalition of Patrio- tic, Civic and Fraternal Societies, said Oppenhelmer recently in- structed In "atomic energy" at "the California workers school In San Francisco. He said Oppenhelmer now Is "at Minnesota." On July 1, Dr, Oppenhelmer de- nied as "complete fabrication" pub- lished reports that he has been a Communist party member. Steele was the first of 14 wit- nesses scheduled for a week's hear- ings on communist activity. He testi- fied additionally: There are some commu- stiff resistance. Antara saJd the aerial attacks upon Indonesian airfields apparent ly were launched with the Intention of knocking out the small repub- lican air forces, which consists of about 40 former Japanese pianos. Batavla Itself, meanwhile, re- mained outwardly calm following the flurry of excitement which de- veloped lost night when Dutch troops seized republican commu- nications and buildings In a sur- prise move. A. K. Ganl. Republican deputy prime minister. Acting Foreign Minister Tamsll and other Indo- nesian representatives here were under house arrest and newsmen were forbidden to try to see them Daxk to Dawn Curfew Dutch authorities Imposed a dusk to dawn curfew In the city, Dutch military authorities launched their operations In Ba- tavia at midnight last night'some hours before the expiration of a Netherlands ultimatum calling upon U. S. Prosperity At New Peak, Truman States Tru- man said today the nation has surged to a pinnacle of "unpre- cedented but must strengthen its defenses against inflation. In a special midyear economic nlsts sympathizers or members of communist bunds in the United States. The communists are "pushing" for creation of a major, third po- litical party. The communists have established schools. In Hollywood, Boston and Cleveland, in addition to those at San Francisco and New York. Before taking the stand, Steele gave reports a .statement saying many.of .these men the army reserve. He aave.-.thls-break-down of munlsts and; their-.sympathizers In this country; 1. Upwards of card-carry. Wounded in Palestine Extremists Attack British Army Headquarters By -Carter L, Davidson Jerusalem Security forces tood double guard -throughout today after yesterday's wave of violence that left two dead British soldier and a 16 wounded as a result of. wide- spread clashes between government forces and Jewish- extremists. The during an ex- tremist attack on Haifa installa- tions In which four police were of injuries In a Haifa hospital early today. The outburst of ed by, on attack on a British army division wlth- n a few hours after a. special United' Nations: Investigation com- mittee' left the country. Police said the attacks apparent- ly were an aftermath to the de- portation of uncertified immigrants who arrived here- Friday aboard the refugee .ship. Exodus of 1947. During the height of last night's disorders Jerusalem was lit up .with the blaze of tracer bullets and para- chute flares. At one point the building housing the offices where this correspondent was writing was caught in a cross fire of police 'and extremist bullets. Authorities said that' during'- one half hour period last night, four British policemen, four soldiers; two Arab policemen and four civilians were, wounded when two armored cars were; blasted' street -mines and1 a running gun' battle developed Injured In, The Fierce Fighting that took place when British warships- intercepted the Jewish Illegal refugee ship Exodus of 1947, casualties are led from the dock at Haifa, Palestine, to waiting ambulances. Aided by two British soldiers, left, refugee with- bandaged head staggers along dock. Another refugee, right, clubbed, on head in fight, leans on soldiers as he is-led to ambulance. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Argentine PldheCrash Fated to 6 ;Argentlne Ing' -members party. of the republic to end the two-year stalemate In negotiations over the political future of the East Indies. Troops wearing steel-helmets and American-type camouflage uni- forms quickly seized the Indonesian radio station and other republican- controlled buildings in the city. Seizure of tho Republican build- Ings was accomplished without re- sistance and without bloodshed. The first official announcement of the Dutch moves came in an early morning broadcast by Van Mook. He said that special Dutch units had struck unexpectedly at key points where sabotage under a promised Indonesian scorched earth policy had been feared. It estimated that Lieutenant General Simon H. Spoor, Dutch commander in chief, has approxi- mately well-equipped men, backed by tanks and artillery, under his command. The republican army has been placed at about relatively lightly armed men. Britain and U. S. Offer Assistance forclKn ofTlcc report gress, to the Con- chief rnmUent lUrry 8. Traa executive declared that production now Is running at a rate of a year far surpassing anything in his- tory, and added: "We can -place UM high produc- tion and the high employment that we have to- day on a firm foundation of en- during prosperity and peace." 2. Another candidates for party 3. Approximately mem- bers of communist front organiza- tions. Steele called-the. front organiza- tions "far more dangerous" than the party. He explained: Follow-Party Line "The leaders are publicized as I authors, professors, scientists- and professional men. .Ever increasing members are 'joining them. All are gradually veering, to the party line through the pulling of the strings of the tireless 'workers among those forces who have party affiliations." Steele' said he' submitted to the War department two months ago a list of army officers or men who are members of the Commu- nist party or of fronts. When Representative Nixon .__ v At another- point rattackers raked army ctrnnsBort plane crashed- today a Jerusalem, police .station with near 4hipl TPatomar. military .air- IT _ J t__ 1.4.1 ._ O.-V. __ li _____ J _ _______ i _ small arms' fire and a .pitched battle took' place 'in rarr ancient 'Moslem cemetery. r According to unofficial reports the military fatality .was a soldier killed when -a road" mine blasted a military truck at Raanona, wound- Ing two others. Several high ranking British of- ficers narrowly .escaped injury when a spray of .bullets shattered'the windshield of their car. Virtually all British troops In pott aha first unofficial reports oald 38 persons wore' killed. The air. secretariat promised a communique- later In the day. An. air; demonstration in which 200 Iplanes had been scheduled to fly over the capital. was canceled. Reports, from .the airfield, 20 miles outside Buenos Aires, said the plane crashed' in flames upon striking telegraph wires shortly after Its takeoff. Palestine were alerted after the headquarters of the First Infantry division at Tel LItwinsky, cast of Tel Aviv, was attacked by mortar San" Francisco Wrong Type Fish of Shipped Aquarium But threaded through the word document were four corn, coal, construction and com- merce by Mr. Tru- man as developments which mean that "inflationary problems may'be- come stronger." Terming price reductions still nec- essary in many areas, the President said they must not be swamped In ft wnvc of speculation caused by the forecast of a short corn crop or by n wave of new wage and price boosts pegged to John L. Lewis' coal contract settlement. Mr. Truman said there are as yet "no grounds for real alarm nor for general speculative increases in food prices" arising from the fore- cast of a corn harvest 20 per cent below lost year's. But In the event real shortages should develop, the report recommended: 1. Full publicity as to the true farm outlook, perhaps in- cluding- a campaign for "strict economy" In the use of some foods. 2. Quick planning for con- servation, through export con- trols and possibly by renewing the government's recently lapsed power to control the amount of irroln uxed by distillers and other processors. Mr. Truman renewed his plea of commented that' all people belonging to "fronts" may not be deliberately sympathetic with the Communist party, Steele agreed. But he estimated that 60 per cent of the are -active .party members. bombs, and small arms fire. No casualties were reported. In Haifa nearly persons attended the funerals of three Jews killed during the fighting which developed off the Palestine coast Friday when British naval forces boarded the refugee ship. One 'of the casualties was First Mate Wil- The Stln- hart aquarium had ordered a batch of humuhumunukunukuapuaa. When the shipment arrived Dr. Robert C. Miller, aquarium director, lifted the lid and peeked he 7 exclaimed, "These aren't humuhumunukunukuapua at all! They're He was glad-to see the tiny trig- Former Burma Premier Held in Assassinations Rangoon, Burma Premier U Saw-ana 19-of'his lieutenants: today after. kUltag three -of the opposition Reader's followers In a gun fight at his-home-yesterday when they arrested the group in connection with the Saturday of. seven council -____; U Saw leader of the Myochlt party was held under heavy Ham Bcrstcln of Los Angeles, Calif, ger fish, Just arrived from Hawaii, A reliable source said that the immigrants aboard the Exodus of 1947 were being shipped back to France and' not, as in previous and' put them on display today even If he was short-changed seven letters. cases, to Cyprus detention camps, kind. And he reordered the 21-letter guard In' the Rangoon central jail- while authorities Imposed a dusk to dawn curfew on the city. Authorities said the raid on the brmer premier's -home was led by )a Maung, Inspector general of Burma police. A violent gun fight ensued before U Saw and his follow- rs surrendered. During the battle hrec Myochit party members were Idlled. Officials said a search of 17 Saw's louse unearthed a cache of arms and .ammunition. 50 Arrested The Burmese press said nearly SO persons had been arrested as a re- ult of the assassinations of Major General U Aang San and six fellow ministers who were cut down by ma- chine gun fire during a meeting of the nine-man executive council in government house Saturday morn- Ing. Six of the victims died soon after the attack and a seventh, Sao Sam Rtun Sawba, succumbed the next day. Army Rafts Cross Lake Michigan In 18 Hours Despite Rough Seas announced today that after consultation with tho United notified the Nether- lands government that both nations were prepared to use "their good offices" toward a settlement of the Dutch-Indonesian conf.lct. Oshkosh Child Badly Burned OnhkOMh. WIs. Eight-year- old Penny Cravllllon was reported "much Improved" at Mercy hospi- tal today, although attendants said first, second and third degree burns covered 35 per cent of her body. Police officers said the child, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon Cravyllllon, was burned Saturday while playing with matches. They said she and a group of other chil- dren were playing near her home when her dress became Ignited. ten tlnys ago that coal, steel anc other Industries forego immediate price Inci'oa.'icH until they test the real costs of tho wage boost won by Lewis' miners, "Stability in steel prices would bo a wise, economic policy for this Industry as well as for the 'coun- the President declared, where- as increases based on guesses and an "exaggerated interpretation" (Continued on Page 4, Column 3) TRUMAN by the news of the assassinations, closed its shops and bazaars and thousands of mourners filed past the biers of the victims, U Aung Son, 32-year-old "strong man" of the anti-fascist people's freedom league, was in line to be- come the premier of the Incipient Burmese republic. To Lie in State a Month The embalmed bodies of the min- isters were placed In Rangoon's his- toric Jubilee hall, where they will lie in state for a month. U of Burma hi 1940 was arrested by the.British in 1942 on charges of being a Japanese col- laborator. His Myochit party split early this Two Blasts In Oil Plant Rock City Six Bulk Storage in Fire Citizens Evacuated Minot, N. D. fire wfaielj broke out shortly before noon today had 'gutted seven buttons1 establishments by early and was threatening others. At least seven persons, repotted sadly injured, were In hospitals. There were no reports of fatalitiea. Two explosions at a service sta- tion and bulk storage plant which rocked Minot and broke (lass la buildings several blocks away ed the fire. Early this afternoon flames wers) raging in a three-block radius ttt the northeast section of the business district. The bean of business district was a abort dis- tance to the southwest. The burning area is bound rtiuah- ly on the north by the Mouse river and by Second and Fourth and Central avenue. Families were evacuating Mouse river as flaming f poured Into it from the fire There was no wind. Six Texaco bulk storage are in the fire cone with, one of them already ablaze, according City Editor Jock Bone of the Minos Dally News. Already burned and "hollow he sold, are the WesUand oil bulk station, where the flre be- gan, the Mandan creamery, Bridgeman creamery, the Farmers Union oil station, Lowes gtuutiy, the Riverside cafe and the Harmom Feed and Fuel Company. House Passes Poll Tax Ban 1 Washington Legislation outlaw, the poll tax as a ment.for voting In federal elections was passed-today by the House, It now-goes to the Senate. The vote was 3M to 112. There are no plans for contfdtnit Clon-ot -the this year in ate. where it has been blocked peatedly In the past by coothsCB filibusters. Called up unexpectedly. House ac- tion came over the futile objections) of a group of southern tives who tried parliamentary vices to block a final vote. Thtr succeeded only in delaying the down several hours. Led by and Fickett, the southerners asserted, the tion invades the right of states run their own elections and by violates the constitution. The legislation would affect only voting for presidential and vice pres- idential electors and for members of Congress. It does not apply to elec- tions for state or local offices. The seven states which still levy poll taxes ore Virginia, Texas, r slssippl, Tennessee. South Carolina, Alabama and Arkansas. Weather U Saw (That's His Name) year with Aung Son's majority poli- tical a dispute other terms'of Burma's in- dependence. Defying Strong Winds and 11 life rafts head eastward from Sheboygan, WIs., across Lake Michigan toward Ludlngton, Mich., in a 65-mile trip to test rescue equipment, including army's new "Covered Wagon" which can carry 30 men. Outboard motors propelled rafts. Wirephoto.) Ludlngton, army Solicitor General Nomination O.K.'d Washington The. Senate judiciary committee today approved tho nomination of Philip B. 'Perl- man to be solicitor general by 'a ten to one vote. Chairman Ferguson (R.-Mlch.) of the subcommittee which held prolonged hearings oh the nomina- tions cast tho only vote. oday marked up. as a success Its first raass life raft crossing of Lake Michigan,