Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1949, Winona, Minnesota
SHOWERS TONIGHT, THURSDAY FM RADIO IS PERFECT RADIO VOLUME 49, NO. 130 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 20, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Seattle Airliner Crushes 5 Houses Gov. Youngdahl Presses Arkansas Bond Inq wry Democrats Urged To Back Farm Bill By Francis M. Le May The administration opened its House battle for a trial run Brannan farm subsidy program today by calling on Dem- ocrats not to "be led astray by the collusive combination of Republican controlled farm organizations and Dixiecrats." The House convened two hours earlier than usual (8 a. m, C.S.T.) to The Alsops Even Siam Has Snake In Its Eden By Stewart Alsop Bangkok, first thins that strikes a visitor here is a simple but significant difference between Siam and the rest of Southeast Asia. Here, if you get in a car and wander about the coun- tryside, the people are apt to wave at you. In the other countries, if you get in a car and wander about the countryside, the people are apt to shoot at you. This is the only country between the Philippines and India which is at peace. The second thing that strikes the visitor is the charming but faintly insane cheerfulness of the Siamese people. The dragons, lions, pigs, deer, and other unidentifiable ani- mal figures which decorate Bang- kok's innumerable temples, wear, almost without exception, a rather crack-brained grin. So do the peo- ple. Neuroses and peptic ulcers are unknown in the country, which may be one reason why Siam is fairly swarming with Americans open the bitter farm battle. It saw some of President Tru- members of the executive council. He called them to meet to con- sider it at 10 a. m., Friday. The Governor said Foster's actions man's best friends on Capitol Hill joining a Democratic-Republican coalition bent on beating his farm bill. Representative Gore usually an administration stalwart but now leading the opposition, drew the battle line with a sub- stitute bill that proposes to kill the Brannan plan trial run. He pro- poses to continue the present farm program into 1950. Representative Sabath (D-H1.) uuvwuu. o t j t ,.ta h in connection with the purchase of mltu led off for the administration with the talk of a "collusive com- bination." He called the substitute "this mongrel Gore bill." The Illinois member, chairman of the House rules committee, de- clared the administration bill would relieve the consumer of un- conscionably high food prices." while protecting farmers' income. Asks Secretary Of Investment Board Be Fired SI. Paul Governor Young- dahl today asked the state executive council to discharge Charles Foster from his post as secretary of the state investment board, pardon Second Secret Atomic Talk Sets Capital Buzzing Sharing Secret With Canada, Britain Believed Discussed By Oliver W. De Wolf Washington A second high level closed door conference on board and the executive council. (sharing the nation's super-secret He made the request in a letter to atomic weapon set Capitol Hill buz- zing today. Does the administration propose to share fully the nation's postwar in Arkansas state bonds "cast doubt on the integrity of all actions and records of the state investment board impairing the state's standing in investment cir- cles." The governor is chairman of the. executive council. Other members are Attorney General Burnquist, State Treasurer Schmahl, Secre- tary of State Holm and State Au- ditor King. None of them would comment on the governor's letter. The governor said Foster's action "could result in the state having to pay considerably more for the bonds in question than the state would have had to pay by following regular investmen "Disclosure of practices." these practices makes it impossible for the people His opening statement defended of Minnesota to have the confidence they need to have in the conduct of the affairs of the investment he continued, concluding: the subsidy principle of the Bran- nan plan and he assailed the Aiken law passed by the Republican-con- trolled 80th Congress. This law.j set to become effective in 1950 un- less Congress decrees otherwise, would permit a flexible 60 to DO percent of parity support program for major farm crops. The administration bill would re- to with Great Britain and Canda? Will such a step, if undertaken, be done through executive agree- ment, or by action of Congress? Is there a "squeeze play" on in- volving the nation's uranium sup- lifeblood of the atomic en- terprise? These and other questions cir- culated freely as the joint Senate- House atomic committee prepared to sit down this afternoon With state, military and atomic leaders to explore the "continuing prob- lem" of relations with Britain and Canada in the atomic field. The conference was announced yesterday by Chairman McMahon (D-Conn.) as a sequel to the Blair House meeting last Thursday night. McMahon partially lifted the secrecy veil on that meeting by saying that the 16 state, congressional and atomic leaders! [had at that session discussed withjcorn The C-46 plane that crashed at Seattle, Wash., last night with 32 persons aboard, and then exploded, left this scene of destruc- tion. Center house was demolished; four others damaged. Plane's peal the Aiken law, and continue rigid supports. The Gore substitute would continue present rigid 90 per cert of parity price props, and set aside the Aiken law for a year. As the House assembled for the debate, two lawmakers who hither- to have fought the administration's bonds purchased but rather to the! manner in which this transaction was consummated. That is a sep- arate issue to be considered by the investment board at a later date." Foster, who is 70 years has. I battles joined Gore in the the administration drive 11 bill. who came for a visit and have settled down for life. SIAM IS BOTH PEACEFUL cheerful simply because Siam Representative Monroney both independent and prosperous. whQ has carried The small wars being fought administration's ecor where in Southeast Asia are wartime between Occidentals and Orientals. fnTTn., held his post since 1947., Foster testified under rapid-fire questioning by the governor that four members of the board signed a resolution authorizing purchase of of Arkansas bonds June 8, a day before the sale. He said the resolution was certified to a Minneapolis.bank so the investment firm, the Charles A. Puller Com- pany, could obtain a loan. The governor charged that it was improper and illegal to guarantee ro- of Because Siam has never been a Congress, issued a formal Etate- Brannan farm .Because oiam nab uevei assailing colonial country there is virtually; dangerous step that no racial.tension here at all, which to a peaoe. is in itself like coming into the fresh air out of a dank cellar. The Siamese may be a trifle condes- cending to Occidentals (as to time O.P.A. Representative Rains a southerner who has supported Mr. Nor does this end the list Slam's blessings. Fantastically people with a peculiar odor anc s. senseless tendency to melancho- But they are always genuine- lv and unselfconsciously friendly of in Asia, Siam is actually underpopu- lated. Here there is no land hun- ger, no desperate scrabbling to stay alive. Premier Phibul Song gram (who is known as "the strong man of Siam" and who looks like a cheerful middle-aged cherub) told this reporter that the great problem was not land there is enough and to getting the people to work the land. The Siamese peasant rather sen- sibly believes in enough to satisfy working only his immediate needs. Even so, Siam has a large rice export, which is vital to the rest of Asia, and which keeps Siam's books neatly in the black. POLITICS IN SIAM HAVE, at least on the surface, an agreeable, opera quality. There are really two Siamese political parties, the Phi- bul party and the Pridi party. Premier Phibul collaborated with the Japanese, and after the Japan- ese defeat he suffered a temporary eclipse, which included a brief term in jail. His power was inheri- ted by his ancient rival Pridi Phanamyong, who had secretly bet on the Allies during the war, and had supplied valuable intelligence to the United States. Phibul (sup- ported by the Army) rose phoenix- like from his incarceration late in 1947, and deposed Pridi, who, to complicate matters, was suspected of complicity in the assassination of the king. Pridi (supported by the Navy) has twice tried to bring off a counter-coup, has been trounced each time, and is now in hiding. These alarms and excursions have had a certain entertainment value, Taut they have led to little bloodshed, and they have no real importance (although Americans who have lived here a long time tend to take them very For the vast majority of Siamese, life goes on, and very pleasantly too, no matter who happens to oc- cupy the ornate palace of the pre- mier. Yet there is, inevitably, a snake in this Asiatic Garden of Eden. The snake is, of course, commun- ism. To the Siamese themselves, communism has no meaning at all. There are, to be sure, a few Siam- ese who are beginning to sniff (Continued on Page 13, Column 2.) ALSOP Truman's labor bill and housing legislation, called upon the admin- istration to withdraw its support of the farm bill embodying the Bran- nan plan trial run, lest it split the Democratic party. "This legislation is a booby-trap for the Rains said in a formal statement, "and if adopted is certain to boomerang against the Democratic party. "The farmers of thi- country are unwilling to discard the present agricultural program, with its con- cept of parity, for a consumer's subsidy." Trial Run Unlikely One highly placed Democratic senator told reporters privately that there "won't be any Brannan plan trial run." Others on the Sen- ate agriculture committee talked the same way. of position is not based on the kind of L 110.U U10.L Wll'U clear that Truman British-Canad- the investment firm that the state would purchase the bonds prior to acquisition of the securities by the company. He also charged that the state paid too much for the bonds. The governor produced investment men who described the bonds as either "inferior" or not as safe as investment in U. S. government bonds. The board, in the absence of Governor Youngdahl, approved the deal. He was attending a conference at Colorado Colo. The bonds are to be delivered to the state today. ian relations in the atomic field. But neigher McMahon nor other congress members who took part in the discussion would disclose the details. And none would elaborate on the Minntes Omitted bare announcement that today's meeting would be a discussion about "the problems which lie ahead in our relations with the United Kingdom and Canada in this (atomic) field." The joint committee threshed over the problem for an hour and a half yesterday, following which McMahon told' reporters only that the committee 'discussed our in-1 ternational relationships and policy) with regard to atomic energy." Meanwhile, the administration! fas reported to have sounded out lawmakers on the question of shar- ing atomic secrets with Britain by executive (presidential) agree- ment. Such a course would (A) Bypass congressional action and (B) doubtedly raise a furious row on Capitol Hill. Congress members L are extremely jealous of what theyj' regard as legislative prerogatives. On the basis of known facts, there seems to be strong congres- sional sentiment against both executive agreement and shar: the nation's any way. post war secrets in Foster finally E.dmitted that min- Although both Britain and Can- jada were given full access to the CO- sion cnme after the governor pro- duced a rough draft from the notes of Mrs. Myra Lundgren, a steno- grapher. Signing the statement committing the board to the purchase were State Treasurer Julius A. State Auditor Stafford King and George W. Lawson, secretary of the Minnesota Federation of Labor, the brought to a virtual halt by the 1946 atomic energy act. Since that time, the United States has made vances both in significant the design ad- of bombs and in their production. from the present system of market supports for perishable crops in- cluding most foods, and let them 5. Attorney General Burnquist sign- ed the statement later at his home where he was ill. King defended Foster's action, Then the farmer would be given check amounting by the government to the difference be-, tween the average price a crop brought and a price the govern- ment established as a fair price. a "good investment." At one point during the extra- ordinary meeting yesterday, the gov- (Continued on Pape 13, Column YOUNGDAHL Son of Dr. Mayo Treated for Polio ic Rochester Alexander Mayo.j seven-year-old son of Dr. and Mrs. Charles W. Mayo, Mayowood, is victim, First it was reported symptoms were Tuesday. reported Sunday, the case was diagnosed yesterday and he is in St. Mary's today. His condition is satisfactory, according to reports. Hot Sends Corn to 10-Foot Ernest B. Vaccaro Chicago Struggling democracies had President Truman's today of United States leadership to provide "enough force" 1 Milwaukee Last peace in a world he said is endangered by broken hot weather, plus rain, sent corn up to ten feet in Wisconsin and six feet in the United Nations charter signed and the collapse of counties, the federal Weather said, the peace for which the world had prayed come reau s weekly crop summary yesterday. The corn, with a record yield in prospect, was reported tasseling we found that we had an ally, an ally whose habit" it Rebuke the southern whose habit it has been The second cutting-of alfalfa'was under way in the southern portion of the state. The increased to make agreements for the purpose of breaking he Board Move of alfalfa is making up for average yield of tame hay on reduced plots. Farmers are cutting grain it is absolutely necessary that, we assume the Dock Strike binder and even by the democracies of Early apples are ripe in south-! world, so that there will be Britain's Social- western 'counties and the summer I joroe m -this world to regime today rebuked the na- crop will be ready in two dock labor board for threat- Good yields of raspberries were ported last Truman's remarks were to withdraw contract bene- The cherry harvest ia Door off the cuff at a SJirine from dock strikers unless they ty is in progress, with high at the Stevens hotel last work tomorrow. It said the but below normal quantity. a formal address had acted without authority. the day at Soldier Field. At A statement from Prime Truman May big lake front stadium he reported apparently increasing Atlee's official residence at 10 Downing street said the labor and conflicts" behind notice "implies" continu- I 4% 1 1 WV V of the two-year-old deck la- lourt vacancy dinner address, his third scheme may be in jeopardy." day, climaxed his government thinks it right Washington W Aides said today President Truman may the diamond jubille session of the Shriners of North state they are not contemplating soon to fill the vacancy caused to Nobles and any step to bring to an end the death of Justice Frank h i said if the United national dock labor The justice, who died stayed out of the United statement added. in Detroit after a heart "the only thing left for dock labor board is a joint will be buried Friday after funeral services at Harbor Beach, be to crawl into our shells and prepare for the group which sets His death came at a time the world, and ourselves of employment on Britain's the court was in summer and not scheduled to resume Budget dock labor scheme gives the until October. But friends said current a virtual closed shop guar- President is not likely to delay picking a new justice for any those of the war, Mr. Truman said the 1946 fiscal year weekly wage whether they work or not, a week's vacation of time. It will be his third Supreme court appointment in called for spending pay and regular employment, in contrast to the old conditions of said that the month Top mention for Murphy's folded up in September, official statement declared cessor went to two senators, both he canceued in war Roman Catholics like Murphy who contracts "and made a recession was the only member of his faith m expenditures of government agreed with the board that all men should go back to work on the docks. on the high court bench. They are: Senator O'Mahoney thought spending could be brought down to "where we government has alerted more servicemen for work on credited in some quarters he said, and "then docks tomorrow. This will raise laving an inside track for the cold and the the number of men from Senator McGrath of Rhode Is- land, the Democratic national chairman and former solicitor gen- eral who quarterbacked the Presi- dent's successful election cam- paign last year. Recovery program. All he has asked, he said, is strike-bound wharves. that the country spend less than xhe Labor ministry said one-third of the in dockers are idle, 70 ships are ta- war contracts "and revive Europe mobilized and seven are being un- route was toward camera. It had hit power lines atop poles in background after takeoff with one faltering Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) 6 Residents Killed, AH on Plane Escape Plane Explodes After Plowing Through Homes Seattle An air transport with 32 persons aboard crashed into five'Eouses'last night in a takeoff from Seattle's Boeing Held. The coroner's office reported many hours later that six bodies had been found in the wreckage of the twin-engined C-46 and the de- bris of the wrecked homes. Miraculously, not the- persons aboard the Chicago- bound, non-schedule plane escaped with their lives. Most of the victims were believed to have perished in the houses. A failure of one of the engines was blamed for the catastrophe. The plane, unable to gain sufficient alti- tude quickly, hit power lines above the Georgetown district in Seattle's south end. Then it plummeted into tne houses below, carrying death and destruction with it Cutting of power lines'threw the area into darkness, broken by the eerie sputtering and flashing of the dangerously dangling wires. The C-46 was a two-engine, 50- passenger transport of a type used widely during the war for troop and cargo carriers. Seventeen of the plane's 28 pas- sengers and four crew members were hospitalized with Injuries. Eight others were treated and re- leased. Three were unhurt and four were accounted for. Seven residents of the damaged homes also were injured, and four firemen were hospitalized when a gasoline tank exploded three and a fralf hours after the crash. Crashed After Takeoff The 50-passenger plane crashed seconds after it tool: off from Boe- ing field on a non-scheduled flight to Chicago for Air Transport Asso- ciates, Inc Amos E. Heacock, company presi- the armed forces working on the j dent and a passenger on the plane, and Asia for peace." loaded with inadequate crews; "Which is he asked" to 549 dockers are still at work on spend three or four or five billions 22 ships, while troops are working a year for peace or to spend a on 70 other ships, hundred billion dollars a year for The strike began more than four weeks ago when dockers refused another Effort for Peace to unload two Canadian ships in- And he again served this warn- volved in a seamen's dispute, ing: "We are gong to maintain the peace and make the United Na- tions a going and militant organi- zation for the welfare of the world as a whole." The President did not mention directly his prospective call for funds to rearm western Europe to implement the Atlantic pact on as AFX. tradesmen and contrac- which the Senate votes tomorrow. But in his Soldier Field speech, he forecast ratification of the pact line with what he said was 'overwhelming" sentiment for it. Police estimated that per- sons heard that address in which Mr. Truman pledged this nation to continue its "great crusade for by: 1. Maintaining a strong and sta- American economy based on private and public planning- to pro- more jobs and more out- Crowds jam sidewalks along Michigan avenue in Chicago, as units of Shriners march down tfie avenue during the .mammoth, parade, part of the diamond jubilee convention. The parade ended in Soldier field to hear President Truman. At the right is Harold Lloyd, who was installed as imperial potentate, getting jovial greeting from Galloway Calhoun of Tyler Texas, outgoing imperial-potentate. vide put." 2. Taking steps to "insure that the hard-won economic recovery of other free nations does not re- vert to stagnation and despair." Cities Building Strike Near End Minneapolis Speedy re- sumption of work on Twin Cities construction projects was expected tors scheduled meetings today to consider a seven-cent wage boost. The figure was agreed upon late yesterday at a meeting of spokes- men for both sides called by Har- ry Hanson, state labor conciliator. Contractor and union representa- tives predicted work on most con- struction projects would be resum- ed by Thursday. The agreement also calls for a two-year contract with a clause for reopening of wage talks next said both engines checked out 'without a sputter" at the end of the runway, "But soon after vre got into the air one motor began sputtering and the pilot evidently thought it best continue. A few seconds later he pulled back en the throttle, appar- ently intending to Heacock said. "Then he prc-cftived almost imme- diately that he could not land and pulled throttle again, continuing to climb with a sputtering engine." Another witness said the right motor of the plane sputtered, then cut out. The plane failed in its climb and began clipping the posts of utility poles. Power lines and telephone wires (Continued on Paw 13, Column 3.) PLANE CRASH WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and able cloudiness, occasional local Imndershowers tonight and Thurs- day. A little warmer tonight. Low tonight 65, high Thursday 80. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 May 1 if the cost of living varies hours ending at 12 m. today: five points. jobs June 22. .About idled by the walkout. Maximum, 85; 62; noon, Tradesmen demanded ten- cent 81; precipitation, trace; rsun sets to- boosts when they -began leaving night at sun rises tomorrow were at Additional weather oa page 13.