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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 19, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Showers Tonighf or Sunday, Cooler Sunday Chiefs vs. Mankato Sunday KWNO AM VOLUME 52, NO. T30 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JUIY 19, 1952 FOURTEEN PAOiS Men, Not Issues, Top Convention By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP you want a sam- ple of the peculiar atmosphere of the Democratic rally in Chicago, the following story is a better than average sample of high-level talk here. f In brief, Gov. Adlai Stevenson of Illinois wrote a letter a couple of months ago describing his attitude toward the Democratic nomination which has been so often pressed upon him. This letter was either addressed to, or somehow got into the hands of Stevenson's friend, Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas. Justice Douglas, for reasons best known to himself, proceeded to show the Stevenson letter Harry S. Truman's great and good friend, Chief Justice Fred Vinson. Chief Justice Vinson in turn either show- ed the letter, or related its con- tents, to the President. Stevenson had written that ha did not want the Democratic nomination, and particularly did not want to be nominated as President Truman's personal candidate, because of the obli. gations that this would involve. He had also written that he was not sure he was a Fair Dealer, because he was any- thing but clear in his own mind about what a Fair Dealer really was. These remarks, in- evitably, were taken by President as signs and symp- of the darkest disloyalty. The moment when the Stevenson letter reached the ears or eyes of Truman is persuasively said to have marked the turning point in the President's attitude toward the Illinois governor. The foregoing story happens to be well substantiated. There is very little Spubt indeed that Gov. Stevenson did in fact write such a letter, the summary of which represents his known views. There is very little doubt, either, that the triple play really occurred. And there can be no doubt at all about Tru- man's reaction, when confronted with such a document. The really interesting thing about this story, however, is the it symbolizes the quality of the oncoming Democratic conven- tion. The Republicans had big is- sues at stake, and big, easily dis- cernible forces were engaged against each other. In the case of the Democrats, no candidate benefits from the kind of factional fanaticism that sustained Hobert A. Taft. No candidate is supported by the kind of popular surge that carried Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. Instead of popular surges and passionate advocacy, stories like that printed above are the warp and woof-of this session in Chicago. A few of these stories are true, like this one.- Many more are false, or partly false. Their prevalence, which is the significant thing, means that the decisive factors at this stage are the relationships be- tween group and group and be- tween individual and individual. Particularly, of course, the Presi- dent's relationships and attitudes are vital. And in this sense the Stevenson letter is regarded as I significant, as inclining Truman to block the draft-Stevenson move- i ment that Truman himself originat- ed. (t is this emphasis on the es- sentially personal and on the deals, negotiations, pri- vate attitudes and hints let makes the Democra- tic gathering appear, for the time being, like a large, jolly, amiable loony bin. How else can it be, at least five ma [or groupings in the party, and at least two score Isading personalities, all enter into the picture? Even the President himself has multiplied his agents, secret and overt, until no one knows exactly who is speaking for him. Beneath the surface nerve war- fare and maneuvering, however, two significant facts very plainly appear. The Democrats have two possible strategies. They can nom- inate a candidate who is thought to enjoy strong sectional support, as Averell Harriman docs in the North and Sen. Russell does in the South. But in that case, they must accept a more or less open and violent party split. Or they can seek a candidate who will unite the party. But in that case, they must choose between Sen. Kefauver, whom so many leaders detest; or Vice President Barklcy, whose Mother, Girl Die in Fargo Fire An Unidentified Fireman snips off the part of a plastic clothes hanger which protrudes from the mouth of Michael J. Anusevich, 3, of Omaha, Neb. The boy swallowed about half of the 15-inch hanger when he stumbled and fell while playing. Within half an hour after this picture was taken attendants at a hospital said the remainder of the hanger had been removed and Michael was about ready to return to his home and play. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) emocrats To Avoid New Row Over Civil Rights By EDWIN B. HAAKINSON CHICAGO leaders struggled today to avoid other party-shattering battle over the'civil rights issue. Many of them confided it was touch and go at the moment. Most are counting upon the veteran- Rep, John W. McCormack of Mas- sachusetts, chairman of the Platform Committee, to find a solution. If harmony moves fail, Dixie Democrats who bitterly oppose federal intervention in the field of racial relations must decide whether to surrender or battle it Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illinois had this big' smile shortly after his arrival in Chi- cago and then announced he would resist any effort to place his name in nomination for the presidency in the Democratic national convention. (A P photo) Flier Watches Vessel Sink QUONSET POINT, R. I., Coast Guard flier told a graphic story today of a dying SS Black spewed her 49 passengers into the dark At- lantic Ocean without life rafts. Lt. William G. Fenlon of Oak Park., 111., flew over the burning vessel, dropping flares, to speed the search. The ship, he said, "was badly afire" in its after half. Then, "less than two hours later the flames spread to the after two thirds of the Fenlon said in a telephone interview here as he returned for seven minutes to refuel and to pick up more flares. "The flames were making such good headway, there was no doubt the vessel will completely burn to the water-line. "The flames were a bright orange color shooting up about 20 out on the convention floor. Northern Democrats, led by such men as Sen. Humphrey of Minnesota and Sen. Lehman of New York, claim enough pledged votes to write a tough civil rights plank. They are openly taunting "the Dixiecrats" to accept it or take a walk as they did four years ago at the Philadelphia convention after a searing floor battle. McCormack, House leader land seasoned by many similar i scraps there, told this reporter: j "I am hopeful that the platform reported to the convention by this {committee will be approved. Com- j mon sense would call for unity." Meanwhile McCormack and his 1 committeemen pushed ahead with public hearings on other phases of the new party platform today. They listed more than 40 witnesses for testimony on almost as many different subjects. Sen. William Benton of Con- necticut was to lead off and some expected him to raise the civil rights issue by backing a change in Senate rules to make it easier to kill filibusters. Most civil rights enthusiasts said this must be the initial step in getting congressional approval for I their broad program. j McCormack said his committee i need not reach its decision until j next Monday or Tuesday, ahead !of flvlng saucers of the Wednesday deadline for pre-1about m tne sky. senting the new platform to the! One estimated they wen convention. j traveling at miles an hour Humphrey, who led the success-1 Another said they were flying in Gov. Stevenson Stands Firm in Refusal to Run Convention Deadlock, Draft May Budge Him By WILLIAM J. CONWAY CHICAGO IB Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson today stood firm in his refusal to run for the Democratic presidential nomination. There appeared to be only one possible situation that would budge convention deadlock and a draft. The Illinois governor termed such a situation "inconceivable. also said he would decide what to do about it if and when it developed. Stevenson last night rejected the pleas of six Chicago Democratic leaders that he make himself available. One of them, Jacob M. Arvey, Illinois national committeejnan, stated later that if a deadlocked convention should turn to Steven- ion, "I am certain he will accept the nomination and make a strong campaign." Arvey, Chairman Joseph L. Gill of the powerful cook County Dem- ocratic Committee and four of their colleagues talked with Stev- enson for two hours. When the session ended, Gill told newsmen: 'We urged the governor to re- consider his position without sue cess. He still asked us to respect lis wishes and not do anything to urther his candidacy." Gill said the 60-vote Illinois dele- 'ation will not push Stevenson for the time being. It will take a tem- orary position on the sidelines, nd wait to see what happens. The -delegation will hold a cau- us Sunday, the day before the onvention opens, but Gill said no andidate would be endorsed then, Earb'er, Stevenson defined his osition to newsmen who met him t Meigs Airport after his arrival rom Springfield. It is this: "I want to run for overnor, and that's all I want to un for." He said he couldn't "conceive of nything" that would make him hange his mind. Newsmen told him of reports lat Archie Alexander, a New Jer- ey delegate, had said he would place Stevenson's name in nom nation. "I ask all delegates not to nom nate he commented. He then was asked if he woul accept a draft if a deadlock de veloped. Smoke And Flames pour out from the charred hulk of the Norwegian freighter Black Gull today 65 miles off the tip of Long Island in the Atlantic as the volatile naphthalene cargo continues to burn. Passing ships rescued 45 persons of .the 49 reported aboard the Black Gull in a dramatic pre-dawn rescue operation. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) 45 Saved, 4 Lost After Leap From Burning Ship By RONALD AUTRY NEW YORK per- sons leaped overboard from a flaming freighter without life rafts 65 miles at sea last night, but 45 were plucked from the rolling At- lantic in a dramatic pre-dawn rescue. The SS Black Gull, a Norwegian ship, sent its passengers diving overboard after its volatile cargo of naphthalene caught fire and burned fiercely. The 40 crew members and nine passengers drifted through four- foot swells for hours before two ocean liners and Coast Guard planes saved most of them from Searchlights Cause imaginary Saucers RICHMOND, Va. Newspap er offices were flooded with call and the city's police switchboart lit' up like a July 4 firecracker. Everyone told the same flitting ful battle for a strong civil rights [formation. plank four years ago, said his side now has the votes both in the Plat- form Committee and in the con- vention. Police investigated and the cause of it all to be: The beams from two searchlights. founc giani Fun for AH Trellis Mae to Report Democratic Convention age puts the "caretaker" label on or 30 feet high. There was also a him; or Gov. Stevenson, who has black smoke that reached about feet up. "The ocean was comparatively calm with about four-foot swells. now annoyed Truman and does not want to run anyway. The collective action of a loony bin is impossible to forecast, and so is the collective action of this convention. Harriman is leaning towards using the civil rights is- sue as Gen. Eisenhower's managers used the issue of the stolen South- ern delegations, and this tactic may work. He is also courting the President's endorsement. If any one has a moral right to Truman's support, that man is Harridan. As these words are written, des- pite, contrary hints from the White House, the Barkley forces mean- while continue to claim that the President will give the nod to their man. There was a smoke added slight haze but the to it to make visi- were bility less perfect." Fenlon said the flames "blinding" even from feet in the air. And although the flames and dozens of flares cast a strong glow, only one life boat could be sighted. Fenlon's plane and another Coast Guard plane dropped sev- eral life rafts. Then they helped direct two res- cue Excadibur and the the bizarre scene. By HAL BOYLE HOMETOWN, U. S. A. Wl Wilbur Peeble, America's aver- age man, came home from work to find his wife furiously tossing clothing into a suitcase. "Now, what have I done asked Wilbur, sur- prised. "Nothing, "What are you "An old school friend of mine who lives in Chicago has in- vited me to go out there and attend the Democratic national said Trellis Mae. "And I'm going." "What do you know about jeered Wilbur. "I know as much as the aver- age Democrat does at this mo- replied his wife. "A woman's place is in began Wilbur. "Is in finished Trel- lis Mae. "Maybe those Demo- crats could few feminine suggestions on budget balanc-" ing." There was a with-me-anymore look on her face, so Wilbur kept silent. A few deft movements later she had finished packing, and Wil- bur drove her out to the air- port. Trellis Mae kissed him good- bye and said, "Your clean suits are in the closet, there's some food in the icebox, and be a good boy and stay out of trouble, and "Write me every said Wilbur, "and don't talk to any strange men." "I won't I said Trel- lis Mae. "I mean I will arid I won't." As she started to board the plane Wilbur called, "Does your womanly intuition tell you who the Democrats are going to "Not said. Trellis Mae gaily. "But Bryan's chances are getting better every day." (Editor's note: Trellis Mae's letters home, giving a woman's insigKt on activities at the Chi- cago donkey serenade will be published daily in The Repub- lican-Herald, stoning Monday.) Government Studies Steel Seizure Plans By ROWLAND EVANS WASHINGTON officials striving for an end to the ____ crippling 47-day steel strike studied a new seizure plan today but re- Gull burned on, shooting flames what seemed at first almost cer- tain death. Four still were missing. Searching through the gloom of the dark, foggy Atlantic rescuers sighted survivors by the eerie glow of the burning ship and by the bright flares dropped from planes droning overhead. Taken Aboard Swiftly they were taken aboard the liner Gripsholm, a one-time hospital ship daring World War II. They were treated by the Grips- holm's doctor and then moved to Coast Guard cutter, the Mack- inac, which raced to the scene of the disaster from its nearby patrol position. Meantime, the Black tained hope they would not have to use it. Top officials disclosed no new peace moves for the weekend. They had some hope, however, that a scheduled meeting of the CIO steelwprkers Wage Policy committee in Pittsburgh Monday might spur the industry to make a compromise on the sticky union shop question and agree to a new contract before Monday. Philip Murray, CIO and steel- workers president, was reported solidly backed, by his lieutenants in his refusal to compromise fur- ther on the demand for a union form of compulsory ua- ;onism, New CIO Position One union source said the Wage- Policy Committee might ask Mur- ray to retrace some of the ground he has given up through compro- mise and take a new position even farther away from the in- dustry's stand. The steel industry appeared to >e just as firm'. In Chicago, Clar- B. Randall, president of the nland Steel Company and a lead- ing spokesman for the industry, aid "strong public opinion" is rging his company "to stand ast and not sign a contract that prevent a non union man rom working." The possible seizure of a portion f the idle mills under the Selec- .ve Service Act was reportedly aken, under active consideration fter a White House Conference hursday between Dr. John R. teelman, acting chief mobilizer, nd government production and efense officials. President Truman seized the in- ustry on April 8 under his claimed n h e r e n t constitutional powers, wo months later, on June 2, the upreme Court in a 6 to 3 opinion eld the seizure unconstitutional nd ordered the mills returned to rivate ownership. Groundwork Needed A, great deal of groundwork would be necessary if the govern- iright did decide to attempt seizure of''a small part of the industry under the 1948 Selective. Service Act, The Defense Department would have to place direct orders with struck plants. If these were not filled within a specified: time, the President could seize the mills. The seizure provision of the Se- lective Service Act was not de- signed to deal with deadlocked labor disputes. Nor did the gov- ernment consider it a practical solution at the time of the first seizure. Mississippi, Texas 'Rebels' Win 1st Round CHICAGO HI Anti-Truman forces from Texas and Mississippi today won the first round in their fight to cast 70 votes in next week Democratic national convention. The credentials subcommitte recommended to the full Democra tic national committee that i throw out the bids of rival "loya ist" delegations from the tw southern states.. The credentials group, however recommended that the convention adopt a resolution that would bind both delegations to support thi party's presidential nominee, who ever he might be. The national committee not only must act on its contest subcommit tee's recommendation, but the re suit also can be appealed to the convention itself as was done two weeks ago in the bitter Tafi vs. Eisenhower fight for Dixie de- legates. And a floor fight appeared to be in the making. A combine of Harriman-Kefauver forces was being widely talked to try to force either the seating of the loyalist delegates, or to have the convention vote to bind the anti-Truman forces to go along with the party ticket. While recommending seating of the from Texas and Mississippi, the credentials com- mittee also proposed that adequate chairs be provided on the conven- tion floor for Maury Maverick's pro-Truman Texas de- legation and for the Mississippi "loyalist" faction. Neither, however, would have any votes. Votes for the two states would be cast by the Shivers and "toleman regulars. I? far into the skies. She was carrying 500 tons of her inflammable cargo from Bremen to New York, stored in metal drums. Naphthalene is used in making dyes and explosives. The ship had radioed the Coast Guard here at p.m. EST Fri- day that it was in trouble. Thirty-six minutes later it said all hands had abandoned the ves- sel, and that all life boats had been lost or burned. Within 10 minutes Coast Guard planes were en route to the scene from three different stations. Four Coast Guard cutters changed their courses miles away and headed to the rescue. And two liners the Gripsholm and the Excalibur veered from their routes and turned from lux ury cruisers into mercy ships They searched for hours withou success, lowering lifeboats into th< ocean. Once an object that looked like a lifeboat, was drifted away into the darkness be fore it could be scanned. Others Found Finally, as the search widened over the sea and dawn neared rescuers found their men, stil stunned by their sudden plunge into danger and near death. The survivors had little to add ;o the fate1 of their missing fellows The four, they said, had leaped xom the ship's poop deck into the water 35 'feet below. None of the 45 apparently was n serious condition, for the cutter tfackinac tarried with them at sea, iclping in the final search before making a 10-hour trip to. shore. There was no immediate word rom the Gripsholm, a Swedish :hip, as to how she found the men, eparately or clustered together. Neither was there any explana- ion of how the men survived with- ut life rafts. The Black Gull, which had been ue in New York today, met trag- dy only 200 miles from her desti- ation. The spot is about 65 miles south- ast of Montauk Point, N.Y., juts into the Atlantic at the asternmost tip of Long Island, t's about 75 miles south of the renton Reef lightship- off Rhode sland. 2 Trapped As Flames Destroy Home Son Climbs Out Window, Saves Self, Summons Aid FARGO, N. D. mother and her six-year-old daughter and the family's pet dog burned to death early this morning when fire swept their one-story home on the out- skirts of West Fargo. An eight-year-old son, John, caped death by breaking a window and climbing through as flames gutted the frame house about a.m. The victims were TWjs. Mary Shaw, 35, and her daughter, Lil- lian. Mrs. Shaw is divorced. The boy was taken to a Fargo hospital for treatment of burns and lacerations. His exact condition was not known immediately. Mrs. Ernest Fosse said she wag awakened by what she thought were screams and then noticed Shaw home in flames. Mrs. Fosse lives two houses north. Mrs. Fosse said young John Shaw came screaming to their home, crying, "Mommie is in there. I could hear her scream- ing." Several calls were placed to Fargo fire department but appar- ently the area is not within the local department's jurisdiction. It wasn't until the fire had all. but gutted the Shaw home- that the southwest Fargo fire unit arrived and kept the flames from envelop? ing an adjoining one-story home. It was not known immediately what caused the fire. Sioux Falls Fire Destroys Building SIOUX FALLS, S. D. early this morning gutted a fanfld- iag housing three Falls firms, causing damage running in- to the thousands of dollars. The flames destroyed Happy Hour Bar, Bassler's Wom- en's Apparel and Ingham Clean- ers, all in downtown Sioux Falls. The discovered about S a.m., caused heavy damage ia stock and merchandise as well as to the one-story building in which, the three businesses were housed. No estimate on the total damage was available immediately. Burdette Sheldon, assistant fire chief, said the fire seemed to have started in the ceiling in the rear of the building, but the exact cause had not been determined. Firemen had the flames under control after about two hours, but were still on duty six hours later to watch for a possible recurrence! Several fire fighters narrowly es- caped being plunged into the build- ing when the roof collapsed at the height of the blaze. They had just come down from the roof when it fell in. Oil Tanker Afire in East River NEW YORK OP) An otl tanker was reported on fire in the East River off 70th Street today and police said crewmen were leaping into the river to escape the flames. All traffic in the river was cleared near the scene. The Bellevue Hospi- tal disaster unit rushed to Kit fashionable Manhattan Upper East Side where the tanker wat reported burning A fireboat churned up river toward the tanker. A po- lice helicopter' hovered over- head. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy with showers or local thun- derstorms tonight or Sunday. Gool-: late Sunday, Low tonight 72, high Sunday S7, LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the- 24 ours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 91; minimum, oon, 90; precipitation, none; sun ets tonight at sun rises to-- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) High Temp. 88 at p. m. Fri-' ay, low 73 at a. m. today, 'oon 88, Dew- oint 76, humidity 69, barometer 9.93, wind, east 8 miles per louds scattered at and eet. Additional Weather on Page 9. ;