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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 18, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Local Showers Tonight, Saturday; Warm, Humid SEND YOUR LETTERS BY AIRMAIL VOLUME 52, NO. 129 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JULY 18, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES TOD'AY I ruman s Choice Awaited By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON In the next great drama to be staged at Chi- cago, the most inportant actor remain in the wings (or rather here in Washington) until the grand climax. By an authoritative estimate, Harry S. Truman can swing at least 400 Democratic dele- gate votes to any candidate the convention likes; and can give at least 200 delegate votes to a can- didate the convention does not like. Such, at any rate, is said to be the President's measurement of his own power in his party. All those close to Truman agree that the President is dead-set against being drafted himself. And they al- so picture him, at this decisive moment, as being in the mood of a cheerful traveler happily survey- ing a Swedish smorgasbord table. It is quite possible that the Presi- dent has already made his choice among the bewildering variety of Democratic candidates who consti- tute the smorgasbord. If so, he has only whispered it to one or two confidential agents. In any case, one can venture a highly informed guess as to where the choice may fall, and where it will not fall. Pro- ceeding by the method of elimina- tion, the candidates who are high- ly unlikely to get the Presidential nod are the following: What About Kefauver? Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennes- see. Truman's low opinion of Kefau- ver is unchanged, although those close to the White House say the President will not interpose a veto if the convention goes Kefauver's way. Sen. Robert A, Kerr, of Okla- homa. Kerr is a Truman crony, and is supported by other Truman cronies, but his associations are Bark ley May Get Illinois Votes Two Locomotives and a baggage car of the Southern Pacific passenger train, The Imperial, are derailed southwest of Phoenix, Ariz., after hitting a truck at a grade crossing. Engines and tend- ers are sprawled at right. Three train crewmen were injured. Train passengers and truck driver escaped unhurt. (AP Wirephoto) too oily, and Truman thinks he has no national standing. Sen. Richard B. Russell, of Geor- gia. Truman likes and respects Russell, and is grateful for his co- operation in the effort to work out an agreed civil-rights plank. But he feels Russell cannot carry the big northern states. Among the serious, active candi- dates, therefore, the President's choice may be considered as lying between W. Averell Harriman and Vice President Alben Barkley. Each of these two has his own spe- cial attraction and drawbacks in the President's eyes. 100% Fair Dealer Harriman is a 100 per cent Fair Dealer, who would fight it out with Gen. Eisenhower on domestic is- sues in the hammer-and-tongs man- ner Truman admires. Harriman's candidacy was strongly encouraged by the White House. It did not be- gin as a serious candidacy, but Harriman has made it into a ser- ious candidacy by Ms own sheer guts and determination. The Presi- dent has been much impressed by reports recently received of Harriman's performance in Colo- ndia Edwards Seeks Democratic V-P Bid By RUTH COWAN CHICAGO the first time in the history of a major political party formal campaign with American flag, portraits, badges, workers and a water opened today for a woman candidate for vice president She is India Edwards, vice chairman of the Democratic National Committee and director of its Women's Division. Ordinarily the idea would get------------------------------------------ the brush-off at this stage of j feminine political development j except that India is quite a vocal I figure in the party. Men, as well as women, besiege her office for appointments. In the Democratic convention headquarters, the Conrad Hilton Hotel, there are presidential cam- paign for Russell, Kerr, Harriman, Kefauver and others and now as one steps off the elevator on the third floor there is a big placard: "Headquarters for India 'Ed- wards for vice president." Mrs. Jennie O'Hern of Mobridge, S. D., and Mrs. Frances G. Satter- field, Atlanta, Ga., opened it up and tacked up the portraits of their candidate. They plan a formal opening la- ter. But even now there is action. Volunteers have come in to do typ- ing, get out press releases, answer phones. The place has all the con- rado and other Rocky Mountain I fusion of anv otner headquarters. states. Moreover, he likes Harri- man best of all the candidates. The movement on behalf of Mrs. Edwards who has said she Truman May Try To Seize Part Probe Planned To Break Up Oil Monopoly Criminal, Civil Charges Against 5 U.S, Companies By JACK ADAMS WASHINGTON govern- jment today prepared a brass- knuckle investigation designed to break up an alleged international oil monopoly by seven giants of the vital industry. Both criminal and civil proceed- ings against five American and two foreign oil companies are be- ing worked up by the Justice De- partment under anti-trust laws forbidding monopolistic practices, price fixing, and restraint of trade. Atty. Gen. James P. McGranery told a news conference yesterday that a federal grand jury, sitting here, will shortly start probing into activities of what he called "the international oil cartel." At the same time, McGranery said his department will institute a civil anti-trust suit against the seven companies in the District of Columbia courts. Past Offenses The criminal proceedings are designed to punish past offenses. The civil proceedings are de- signed to prevent any repetition of the same offenses in the future. McGranery named these firms as involved in the probe: Standard Oil of New Jersey, Standard Oil of California, Texas Oil Company, Socony-Vacuum, Gulf Oil all j. S. owned and two foreign 'irms dominated by the British, loyal Dutch Shell and Anglo- Iranian Oil Company. A spokesman for Standard WASHINGTON The White House was reported today to be seriously considering a plan to seize part of the strike-bound steel industry under the Selective Serv- ice Act. This word came-from a high ad- ministrative source who said Just- ice Department attorneys were in- structed yesterday afternoon to prepare papers leading to possible partial seizure of the industry. The critical situation which has resulted from the 47-day steel strike was discussed yesterday at A.Flash Flood turned a street in Rockford, collapsed. 111., into a lake halfway up the grillwork.of a Herald) car. Two persons were drowned when their home (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- uaii oesi 01 au im candidates. -C.HA scriKe was discussed vesteraay at The objection to Harriman is that t expect to be nominated but White House meeting, presided is nnminatinn wnnlri tho I Will Campaign It named waslovpr hv nrtinp MnhiliTpi- his nomination would commit the over by acting Defense Mobilizer Democratic party to an extreme I started in June in New York by a John R. Steelman. and radical strategy. Initially, the jgroup of Democratic President favored such a strategy I against Gen. Eisenhower. The Former Rep. Mary T. Norton of South was to be cast to the winds. A strong, aggressive fight on home issues was to win the northern states. But the recent performance of Gen. Eisenhower and the Re- publicans in general, has made this strategy less attractive. And be- cause of the southerners' opposi- tion, a Truman nod to Harriman would be almost sure to split the Democratic party. Could Nominate Barkley As for Vice President Barkley he is the candidate of the Senate and not of the White House. Tru- man does not much love Barkley, despite the faithful service Bark- ley has given to him. Yet Barkley is a vigorous campaigner. .He would unite the party instead of dividin, it. He has a surprising amount of hidden northern support. The ob- jection to him, both in the eyes of Truman and of the party in gen- eral, is simply his age. Because the Vice President is 74, he looks, inevitably, like i caretaker candi- date. And since Truman and wiost other Democrats now think the par- ty can win against Eisenhower, a caretaker candidate is not a tempt- ing candidate. If all goes as now planned, .the President will weigh these pros and cons until the appropriate time (unless he has already made his Then, when the right time comes, either Harriman or Barkley will benefit by the laying on of hands. If Barkley is the choice, the laying on of hands can easily be enough to put him over. If Harriman is chosen, the out- come will be more doubtful, be- j cause of the southerners. In short, despite the greatness of the President's potential influ- ence, and his present intention to choose a candidate of his own at the right time, the final decision {New Jersey is chairman of the national group. The vice chairman is Julia L. Crews, delegate from New York. The Selective Service Act gives the President power to seize only plants which fail to produce under direct contract with procurement agencies. The act says that "if any such producer of steel or the respon- sible head or heads thereof refuses to comply with such requirement, the President, through the Secre- tary of Defense, is authorized to take immediate possession of the plants of such producer." President Truman seized the en- Oil California said at San Fran- cisco last night "our record is -lear" and that the international perations of its affiliated com- ianies had been "carried on to the >est interests of the United 'tales." There was no immediate com- ment from any of the other oil ompanies, either in this country r in London. However, last week Eugene Hoi- man, president of Standard of New ersey, said "this company is not party to illegal arrangements of any kind, including those which would fix prices, allocate markets, or control or restrict production anywhere in the world." The points Holman mentioned are among those covered by the 62-year-old Sherman-Clayton Anti- Trust Law which bans monopo- listic practices and outlaws agree- ments to fix prices or restrain trade between states or between the U. S. and foreign countries. Leonard J. Emmerglick, Justice Department attorney who con- ducted the government's success- ful anti-trust suit against the Alu- minum Company of America six years ago, was commissioned to go before the grand jury and pros- ecute the civil action in inter- national oil. Sen. Hennings currently demanding a congressional inves- tigation of the seven oil firms, Eisenhower in Secluded Ranch In Colorado PHASES, Colo. Dwight D. Eisenhower eased into his first vacation today since coming home from his European defense duties almost two months ago. Eisenhower and a Denver busi- nessman friend, Aksel Nielsen, jlan to get in plenty of fishing and, as the general puts it, "do nothing a big way." Nielsen's secluded ranch, com- plete with all modern conven- iences, is their hideaway for the next week. The general made the 72-mile drive yesterday shortly after he and his wife, Mamie, bade fare- well to their soldier son, Maj. John Eisenhower, as he stopped briefly in Denver en route to Seattle and Korea. It was an emotional send-off-for the 29-year-old major. Mrs. Eisen- hower, who remained in Denver with her mother, Mrs. John Doud, choked back tears as she said good-bye. When the big transport taxied off en route to Seattle, Mrs. Ei- IT'S TEXAS AGAIN Two Rival Delegate Slates Want Seats By NORMAN WALKER CHICAGO growing feud between the pro and anti-New Deal wings of the Democratic party headed for a pre-convention showdown today at hearings on contested Texas and Mississippi delegates. Two rival delegate slates from each state went before a credentia subcommittee of the Democratic National Committee to present claim senhower waved and then kissed I sen to seats at next week's party con- vention. Seventy convention votes are in- from Texas and 18 from Mississippi. The scrap is between the anti- administration or "Regular" fac- tions in the two Southern states and pro-administration "Loyalist" delegations. And the fight may go to the convention floor before a final de- rision is reached. None Committed None of the rival slates from Ither Texas or Mississippi is ommitted to any of the announced ontenders for the Democratic presidential nomination. But the Regular headed by ,Gov. Allan Shivers of Texas and the other by Gov. Hugh White of said to be favor- able to Sen. Richard B. Russell of Georgia. Shivers has said Russell is his favorite candidate. The rival Loyalist factions are said to be generally favorable to said in a public statement two days ago that the group domi- nates U. S. foreign policy in the Middle East, Indonesia and Vene- zuela and works together in the pricing field and elsewhere "with the general, who had paced ner- vously back and forth before going up the plane's stairs to have a final word with his son. After arriving at the camp Ei- Kefauver of Teimcwp rveiauyer 01 Tennessee, Red Tanks Lose Intense Fight On 'Old By GEORGE MCARTHUR w SEOUL, Korea Wi A tank- supported Communist battalion at tacked through drenching rains to day in a fruitless effort to push Allied soldiers off battle-scarrec "Old Baldy" hill on the Korean Western Front. About 700 Communist troops hi: the strategic slope west of Cbor won after a deafening preparatory barrage from Red mortars anc field guns. _ j Amed reinforcements scrambled although Speaker Rayburn, Averell Harriman and Illinois Gov. Adlai Stevenson have some support. The Texas Loyalist group is headed by former Congressman Maury senhower and Nielsen fished for Maverick; the Mississippi Loyal- an hour and a half along the St. ists by Mrs. John A. Clark, acting up the y hill shortly after the battle began. The Red guns opened up on "Old Baldy" last night and 40 minutes later Communist troops assaulted the height. Then high velocity fire from Communist tank guns raked of this Democratic convention is still unpredictable. The plain truth is that the delegates will perceive the same objections to either of the President's choices as the President himself has noted. WASHINGTON President Truman signed into law today a bill continuing government support of prices for cotton, wheat, corn, rice, tobacco and peanuts at 60 per cent of parity through 1954. The President said in a state- ment that the new law "is a valu- able addition to the agricultural legislation which has been so im- portant in maintaining a strong and stable farm economy and which has contributed so markedly :o a much-needed increase in the American standard of rural living.' The law provides that parity for hese six crops will be determined, irough 1955, by whichever of two present formulas gives the higher price. The controversial "sliding scale" parity program was set aside for the 1953 and 1954 crop ears. 9 Killed, 134 Hurt n Japanese Quake TOKYO At least nine per- tire steel industry last April 8, but ?e resylaritv and precision of a ever. on June 2 the Supreme Court ruled fme Swiss watch. that he lacked authority to do so and ordered the mills returned to private ownership. The April 8 seizure was based on no specific law, but rather on what the Justice Department said were the Presi- dent's inherent constitutional pow- ers. The official who told of the new seizure plan declined to be quoted by name. The report came as officials de- clined either to confirm or deny rumors that a secret settlement had been reached to the dispute. Louis Creek near Each landed one trout about seven inches long. A five-car detachment of news- men accompanied Eisenhower to the Nielsen ranch, but because of the lack of accommodations for so many, they returned to Denver last night. They have arranged to get daily news of the general, how- sons died and 134 were hurt when they were pinned in houses and buildings collapsed by an earthquake in central Japan early today, police reported. At least 350 houses were knock- ed down by the tremor at a.m. a.m. CST The shock was felt throughout Japan's main -island of Honshu. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and able cloudiness with local showers or thunderstorms tonight or .Satur- day. Continued warm and humi4 except becoming cooler night. Low tonight Satur- day 86. x LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 rn. today: Maximum, 91; minimum, 71; noon, 83; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. Temp. 87 at p. m. Thursday, min. 75 at a, m. today. Noon south, 3 miles per hour, clouds, feet, visibility 15 miles, humidity 79, barometer 29.95 steady. Additional weather on page 13. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower fought the fast running water and willow lined banks along St. Louis Creek near Eraser, Colo., as he began a week of angling for trout in the Rocky Mountain stream today. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) national committeewoman. The rival factions in both states said there was no possibility "of any compromise" of their differ- ences. The splits occurred when the pro-administration Loyalist fac- tions in each state demanded the anti-administration factions pledge their state electors to support the National Convention's nominee, no matter who he might be or the nature of his platform. This the regulars refused to do. In fact, the Mississippi state con- vention is in technical recess and due to be reconvened in early August to determine the state's stand in the November election. Pledge of Loyalty Shivers extended what was re- garded as something of an olive branch last night on his arrival in j Chicago. He said he would take 'a pledge of party loyalty if the j majority of the Democratic con- jvention requires such a pledge of all delegates. But Shivers added he knew of no such pledge ever the hill. United Nations tanks answered being required of national dele- gates. "I'll abide by the same rules and regulations that apply to everyone the Texas executive told newsmen. There was some talk among Dixie Democrats that if a New Deal type man is chosen as the party's presidential standard bear- er, several Southern states may put Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican party's nominee, as the nee. This states' Democratic nomi- charge was made in a statement Thursday night by Ma- verick against the Shivers faction. Shivers replied that while Gen. Eisenhower is a good man, "he is and added: "I'm interested in nominating the best possible Democrat to run against him." He said Russell is his No. 1 choice. and at least one of the Red ar- mored vehicles was set afire. The Red tanks pulled out of the fight shortly after midnight. How- ever, the Communists did not give up the assault until a.m. The fighting was the most in- tense in more than a week of routine action across the front. Citizens Warned Against Poison In Wabash River INDIANAPOLIS quantity of deadly cyanide solution ac- cidentally dumped into the Wa- bash River at Lafayette thinned out as it flowed downstream today. Three state agencies told resi- dents of the area it was still dan- gerous, however. They warned against swimming in the river, eating fish taken from it or drink- ing from wells nearby. A heavy patrol was set up along the river Thursday as authorities tried to follow the progress of the poison downstream. The cyanide killed fish by the thousands south of Lafayette. The fish slaughter was expected to end by the time the cyanide reached Montezume some time today. The Indiana Conservation De- partment said the solution was dumped into a sewer accidentally at the Peerless. Wire Goods Com- pany plant in Lafayette. Terre Haute is the only city which gets its water supply from the river. Arthur Blood, manager of the Terre Haute water works, said chemical treatment would neutralize the cyanide and no harmful effects were expected. V-PloGef Support in Pennsylvania Stevenson Invites Democratic Governors To Breakfast Parley By JACK BELL CHICAGO (0 Vice President Alben W. Barkley pulled a stride forward today in his race for the Democratic presidential nomina- :ion with reports he will get some first ballot support from Illinois. While all candidates jockeyed 'or position in advance of the open- ing of the 31st Democratic Nom- inating Convention Monday, there were signs that Jacob Arvey, Illi- nois national committeeman, is ready to take a political flier on the 74-year-old vice president. Arvey and Mayor David L. .awrence of Pittsburgh, Pennsyl- ania national committeeman, con- erred with Barkley strategists. There were immediate reports that Arvey had told the Barkley eaders he would use his influence o get as many as possible of Uli- ois' 60 convention votes lined up or Barkley on the first ballot. Lawrence was said to have noted iat the 70-vote Pennsylvania dele- ation is split up, but to have in- icated that Barkley might count on some votes there. Civil Rights Battle These developments came dur- ing a temporary lull in the seeth- ing pre-convention battle over civil rights that might explode into a floor fight. No less seething were some Southern delegations over the ac- tion of Sen. Richard B. Russell of Georgia in denouncing the Taft- Hartley Act. Russell added to the controversy by saying in a televised news con- ference last night that he sees no reason why he couldn't support President Truman for re-election in the unlikely event Truman runs. Barkley arrives tm the scene to- day, along with Sen. Robert S. Kerr of Oklahoma, who claims he has more second choice support for the presidential nomination than any of his rivals. Their arrivals will complete the roster of major candidates. Sen. Estes Kefauver of Tennessee and Averell Harriman of New York, the mutual security administrator, already have staked out their vic- tory claims here, along with Rus- sell Breakfast Gov. Adlai E. Stevenson of Illi- nois, who has shunned the nomi- nation the others are scrambling or, invited all Democratic gover- nors to breakfast with him here Monday in advance of a scheduled yelcoming address to the convea- ion. Stevenson has insisted he is mming only for re-election as gov- xnor and Arvey's reported switch o Barkley was in line with the Illinois committeeman's public pro- ouncements that he has given up ope of getting the governor into the presidential contest. There remained the possibility, owever, that the Barkley support might take the form of a holding ction an appeal to Steven, on possible if the convention ties self in a knot after seven or eight allots. Russell's political pass at the "ruman camp surprised and an- ered Dixie leaders who originally ad nudged him into the race as ie anti-Truman candidate of the outh. Some Southern reaction to Rus- ell's proposal to "supplant" Taft- artley with another labor law ame close to political violence. Former Gov. William M. Tuck, ho was ready to laud Russell's andidacy before the "Virginia emocratic Convention at oanoke, cut out of a prepared eech all reference to Russell's ame. And Sen. Harry S. Byrd com-. mented that he just didn't under- stand Russell's about-face on a law the Georgian voted to enact over President Truman's veto. Byrd said he still wants to support Russell however. Virginia Balks The Virginia convention, which had been set to endorse Russell, significantly voted to leave unin- structed its 2S-vote delegation to the convention here. Russell insisted, however, he did not interpret that action as mean- ing he had lost any Virginia votes. Gov. Allan Shivers of Texas told reporters he wasn't going to let Russell's move on the labor front interfere with his support of the Georgia senator, adding: "I wouldn't expect him to agree with me in very detail." It began to look as though the anti-Truman elements in the South bad lost their champion. Certainly if they bolted over the :hoice of a nominee who was not to their liking, or tried a third iarty.move after a losing conven- Continued on 9, Column 2.) BARKLEY ;