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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, July 16, 1953

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 16, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Continued Warm Tonight And Friday Chiefs vs. Austin, Gabrych Park, 8 Tonight KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 53, NO. 126 ROKs WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 16, 1953 TWENTY-TWO PAGES ew Chi nese Attack East German Minister Out In Red Purge Bloodthirsty Woman Installed In His Job BERLIN Germany's Red government held its purged minister of justice. Max Fechner, on a death-punishable charge to- day and installed a bloodthirsty woman judge in his place. Prime Minister Otto Grotewohl's Cabinet announced Fechner's oust- er last night as an "enemy of the republic." It was the first shakeup in Soviet zone leadership announced since the recent East German rebellion and the Kremlin's purge of Soviet police boss Lavrenti P. Beria. "Red" Hilde Benjamin, vice president of the East German Supreme Court and a long-time Communist, was named to succeed Fechner. Her elevation was a direct contradiction of the softer "new course" recently trumpeted by the German Reds. Word of Fechner's axing came less than 12 hours after Moscow radio announced that the Beria purge had knocked off one of his top lieutenants in the Soviet repub- lic of Georgia, Minister of State Security Vladimir G. Dekanozov. The broadcast said he had been expelled from the Communist par- ty. Presumably he also lost his government job, though this was not stated specifically. The first blow in what appeared to be the beginning of the antici- pated East German purge did not strike either of the two most hated Communists in the regime, Walter Ulbricht, deputy premier and party secretary general, and State Secur- ity Minister Wilhelm Zaisser. esterners have expected Ul- Byron P. Goldman, 32, top, and Sam J. Hornback, 34, below, both of Louisville, Ky., were arrested in St. Paul Wednesday by the FBI. Agents said Goldman was wanted for transporting stolen goods, Hornback for violating federal parole. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) St. Paul FBI Nabs 2 Kentucky Gunmen ST. PAUL Two men described by'the FBI as "topflight Kentucky gunmen" were in jail here today after their capture by to go ever siiice the June 17 outbreak of rebellion. Policeman Zaisser's fall has been predicted since the disgrace of Beria, Com- munism's top man in that line. Instead, the first ax chopped down Fechner, 60, bald, heavy jowled, a former toolmaker, and a former Socialist who espoused Communism in 1946. Of all the top i Communist clique, refugees say he was the only one who ever showed human sympathy and understand- ing toward the victims of the sys- tem he enforced. The 41-word communique an- nouncing his ouster did not disclose details of the accusations against him. His son and daughter-in-law also were seized. Fechner's successor, 50-year-old Mrs. Benjamin, has been a fanati- cal Communist since 1928. The Nazis murdered her husband, a Jewish doctor, in a concentration camp. Though also a Jew, she and their son escaped their attentions. She started practicing law after the Soviet occupation and was appointed to the zonal justice de- partment in 1947 as an assistant to Fechner. Together they set out to "democratize" justice by suppress- ing all "reactionaries." When Fechner became minister of justice in 1949, she was raised to the Supreme Court. Returning from a trip to the Soviet Union about that time, she claimed Sov- iet justice was "decades ahead of what we have here." Her career reached a fearsome height in 1952 when for three months she presided at a series of "show trials" of alleged political and economic criminals. She condemned two to the guil- lotine, eight others to life impris- onment and handed out sentences totaling 190 years to 17 other ac- cused. In Western courts, their crimes at. the most would have been classed as misdemeanors. Accounts of last night's Cabinet meeting said most of it was devot- ed to a long speech by Grotewohl demanding a unity conference be- tween East and West Germans. To the West the demand looked like a propaganda counter to yes- terday's Western invitation to the Russians to confer in the fall on reunification. Grotewohl raked up a demand he first made in 1951 that repre- sentatives of the East and West German the oc- cupation down at one table" and set the stage for reuni- fication and a single peace treaty "free all-German elec- federal agents and St. Paul police, W G. Banister, special FBI agent in charge, said the two are iiyron Peter Goldman, 32, and Samuel J. Hornback, 34, both of Louis- ville He said Goldman is wanted for transporting some in stolen jewelry across state lines and Hornback for violation of federal parole. At Car Dealers Officers seized the pair Tuesday when they tried to sell one of the three 1953 model autos in their possession at a price a used car lot operator thought was ridicu- lously low. He became suspicious and called police. The men first gave fictitious names but their identities were established Wednesday night when their fingerprints were checked by the FBI in Washington, Banister Prof its Tax Extension Signed by Ike WASHINGTON Ei- senhower today signed a bill con- tinuing the excess profits tax for six Dec. 31. The extension measure, retroac- tive to June 30, was signed into law by the President less than 24 hours after Congress completed action on the measure. Enactment of the bill REDS RECESS TRUCE TALKS TO SATURDAY Break Believed Near in Armistice Negotiations By GEORGE MCARTHUR PANMUNJOM Commu- nists called today for a recess until Saturday in the Korean armistice to con- sider a new Allied speculation mounted that a break is near in the stalemated talks. Authoritative quarters had pre- dicted a showdown today. But the negotiators talked only for 24 min- utes, and then recessed until 2 p. m. Saturday. There was no official hint what went on during the brief meeting, which was delayed for 15 minutes while the U. N. Command delega- tion awaited a hurried message from its base camp at Munsan. But observers outside the weath- ered conference hut noted that Allied interpreters held the floor most of the time to deliver three separate statements. Communist Correspondent Alan Winnington of the London Daily Worker said the Reds asked for the recess, suggesting that the Com- munists planned to relay a new U. N. proposal to headquarters for an answer. Clark in Seoul Gen, Mark Clark, the U. N. com- mander, flew to Seoul from .Tokyo today and accused the Reds of vio- lating the secrecy which shrouds the armistice talks. Clark told newsmen a Peiping radio report that Allied delegates staged a walkout at yesterday's negotiating session "violated the executive nature of the truce ses- sions." The general said he planned to I confer with Lt. Gen. William K. Harrison Jr., the chief U. N. nego- tiator; President Syngman Rhee; and Gen. Maxwell D, Taylor, 8th Army commander. Clark's sudden arrival heightened speculation that a crisis of some scrt was impending at Panmun- jom. Efforts to wrap up the final reported. The agent said both men carried loaded pistols in their waistbands but offered no resistance to arrest. St. Paul police held the men on a charge of carrying concealed weapons. After several hours quizzing of jthe men, agents found Hornback's wife, Jean, 20, at a tourist court, gave the she had in her possession one of Eisenhower administration t h e j the new autos, laden with baggage, greatest victory of the current ses- Hillaire Beiloc Dies From Burns through tions." Grotewohl seemed to be delib- erately courting West German re- fusal 'instead of agreement. Chan- cellor Konrad Adenauer rejected the 1951 proposals, saying the Reds first have to show concrete evi- dence they will permit really free elections. In an effort to counter West GUILDFORD, England LB aire Beiloc, above, 82, poet, novel- ist and historian, died today from burns received wucn he fell into a fireplace at his home Sunday. Beiloc was one of the literary clothing and four loaded pistols. She also had in S100 bills. Gunmen's Molls A short time later, Mrs. Patsy Ruth Goldman, IS, was taken into custody from a house trailer, parked at a camp. Police said the trailer yielded four more loaded pistols, "a large quantity of am- munition and a tear gas pistol. Banister said Goldman were be- lieved involved in a jewelry theft ring responsible for in loot taken in" raids at Louisville, Nash- ville and Indianapolis. He said the ring was broken up last February with sentencing of three persons, including Goldman's brother, Cle- tus, 36. 8th De Gasperi Cabinet Sworn In ROME President Luigi Ein- audi swore in Premier Alcide de Gasperi's eighth consecutive post- war cabinet today. In the 72- year-old Premier's latest lineup of 17 ministers, eight are political youngsters av-eraging only 45 years of age. Notably absent was tough, Si- cilian-born Mario Scelba, interior minister of the last five De Gasperi cabinets. He had built his police Hil- j !orcc an efficient group of transported not breakers, par- tlvef "f Com- mumsts. Reportedly he refused I the defense ministry in the new i government. giants who dominated the decades at the turn of the century. Through r QT TOIIO two generations, beginning in 1896, j Virqiflia Town Belloc's facile but meticulous pen poured out a seemingly endless cascade of brilliant essays, novels, histories, poetry and light verse. Altogether he wrote 153 books. He was born in France, but be- Bristol, Va. Bristol area, hit by 25 infantile paralysis cases in the past two weeks, moved swiftly today to cope with a pos- sible epidemic. All the cases have occurred within a six-mile radius of this His younger son's death in World Virginia Tennessee border city, War II came as the last great and two have resulted in death, personal tragedy in his life. He j The polio outbreak is the worst go on the market immediately for j had lost his elder son in the first j to hit Virginia this year. Authori- all East Berliners. There was no World War. His wife, formerly Miss I ties plan to investigate the possi- mention of any such dispensation I Elodie Hogan, of Napal Calif., died I bility of administration of for the rest of the Soviet zone. in 1914. I gamma globulin. Berlin's sale of food at much re- j came a British citizen in 1902. dueed prices to the hungry across the border, the East regime an- nounced ration-free potatoes would Walter S. Robertson, just returned from talks with Korean President Syngman Rhee as Presi- dent Eisenhower's personal representative, count- ed on his fingers as he reported to the President and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, right, at the White House. Robertson said a truce can honestly be signed any time now. (AP Wirephoto) McCarthy Invites 3 Democrats to Return By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) sent a "let's-bury-the- hatchet" letter today to the three Democrats who angrily resigned last week from the Senate investigations subcommittee he heads. "The door is open for your the letter said. Say he was writing with the approval of the three other Repub- lican members, McCarthy -1" Farm Programs Facing Trouble, Benson Warns FRESNO, Calif Secretary of Agriculture Benson said today the best-trained professional people in agriculture agree that present farm programs are headed for ser- ious trouble. de- mands for ironclad guarantees clared: "I want to de- assure vou that if you have changes to suggest in our methods of operation, we shall be happy to sit down around the com- mittee table to discuss your view- points with you and to consider your suggestions and recommen- McClellan (D-Mo) and Henry the programs need major over- dations." Senators Symington Jackson (D-Wash) quit the sub- committee after the four Republi- can members voted to give Mc- Carthy sole power to hire and fire staff employes. Buck One-Man Rule In revolt against what they called one-man rule, the Democrats said they could not accept the respon- sibility without any authority. McCarthy's letter, however, min- imized the authority conferred on him. He wrote the Democrats: "I sincerely hope you will not CommunistDrive On Key Road Hub at Standstill Commander Orders South Korean Troops To 'Stand and Fight' By JOHN RANDOLPH SEOUL IT) South Korean fantry, ordered by their command- er to "stay, smashed to a standstill by midnight a Chinese Red assault on the key road hub of Kumhwa in east-cen- tral Korea. The Chinese, swinging westward the brunt of an offensive begun last Monday along a 20-mile front, had sent two full divisions tonight toward Kumhwa on the w e s t e r n flank of the Kumsong Bulge. Although the South Koreans were .eported stopping the new rush, the final outcome of the renewed Red push remained to be .seen. Farther to the east, three South Korean divisions spearheaded by tanks reported gains of up to a mile in counterattacks aimed at getting back to the Kumsong River. The ebb and flow of the fighting was so swift that many units the opposition yere being trapped. The Chinese attacking a five-road junction so vital that its fall would disrupt Allied east- west surging southward down Sniper Ridge M'hich was conceded to them to- day. They also surged off hills to the east. They hit in the valley that leads southwest to ruined and deserted Kuhmwa. "They may try it said Col. William Spicer, U. S. adviser to the South Koreans after the attack was stalled. "We think they will. But for the moment, we've stopped them cold. This division of ours likes to fight. We've had a lot of practice at it. The Chinks ran into a herd of wild horses all ready to go." Maj. John Eisenhower, the Presi- dent's son, who is a staff officer that South Korea would honor a truce and for the recapture Benson said he had written 60 anti-Communist Korean pris-1 farm leaders at agricultural col- 1 permit such differences of opinion oners freed on orders of President leges, directors of research msti- j among us on details of our house. itutions and to other leaders m keeping to cause you not to con- last month itutions and to other leaders m keeping to cause you Red newsman' Winnington has I farming affairs, without regard to I tinue the service which you have told Western corresnondents that I political affiliations, asking their been rendering the country tte Satisfied views on farm 1 The walkout over vesting Me- Next German Unification Act Up to Reds By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON pro- posals for a Big Four meeting on Germany put squarely up to Mos- cow today the next move in the developing diplomatic battle over German unification. The proposal is regarded here as a hot one for the Reds to handle because reunification is something that no country which wants support in Germany can be against. And yet the unification which the United States, Britain and France clearly seek is one which_____... would associate a united Germany I at the front, predicted the renewed dosely with the West and, if pos- betaken sible, bring it into the Western East-Central Front was becoming 'stabilized and the attack "is not as serious as was first although "you can't tell what i might happen." ters' meeting to consider rolling j About 15 miles to the northeast, the Iron Curtain back at least to i South Korean troops backed by the borders of Poland. The West- thunderous U. S. air, artillery and European defense lineup. The Russians thus are being asked to accept a foreign minis- with results of conferences between Rhee and U. S. truce envoy Walter Robertson. Informed sources here speculat- ed that the U. N. delegation may have told the Communists in strong terms that if the Reds want an armistice they must accept some of the facts developing from South ern Powers have reserved right to restore certain Polish areas to a united Germany. If ials genera agreed, he said, that future farm programs should be tailored to the commodities into the same kind of Korea's opposition to a truce. larly government price supports, i Carthy with complete control over they should insist, the rollback the secretary 1 subcommittee staff personnel came wouid be even greater. viows of hard on the heels of a controversy _ nrn.q a _ estimated involved views of per over a magazine article written by J. B. Matthews. Matthews, hired by McCarthy as the subcommittee's executive1 staff director, wrote in the article that the largest single group supporting the Communist apparatus in Amer- ica is composed of Protestant clergymen. The trio of Democrats denounced this as a shocking and unwarranted The proposals for a meeting "of limited duration about the end of September at a place to be mutually agreed" were made to the Soviet yesterday in similar notes delivered to U. S. S. R. em- bassies in Washington. London, Paris and This line of action by the West- ern nations grows out of decisions made here by Secretary of State Dulles. Britain's Lord Salisbury JL 1 iJUJitS it >J Jjwi j attack on the Protestant clergy. d Forejgn Minister Georges his resina- b Jd j fl{ France to seek Big Four Germany following the n elections of Sept. 6. These three subjects were pro- posed for discussion: 1. The organization of free elec- tions in West Germany, which is Matthews submitted his tion, but McCarthy accepted it only after President Eisenhower joined in criticism of the article. Up to Committee Matthews yesterday asked the House Un-American Activities Committee to hear his contentions of Red subversion in the clergy. Committee Chairman Velde (R-I11) told newsmen his "purely per- j.sonal" opinion was that Matthews' 1 request should be granted. But he said it was up to the full com- mittee. McCarthy's earlier suggestion that the investigations subcom- mittee question Matthews was re- jected as outside that group's jurisdiction. In his letter today, McCarthy said he wa.s "totally unaware of the controversial article written by Dr. Matthews at the time he was engaged." He said that, if the Democrats had followed his proposal to "work out a solution agreeable to you, this entire matter would have been disposed of in an orderly manner without the injection of partisan politics and the fanning of religious bigotry, with resultant damage to the reputations of all concerned." Navy Seaman Killed In 50-Foot Plunge VALETTA, Malta seaman Norman C. Stardelen, 31, Miss Illinois, a blonde from Chicago, posed in her royal crown after her selection Wednesday night as Miss United States at Long Beach, Calif. She is Miss Myrna Hansen. The choice was a preliminary to the selection Friday night of Miss Universe. She is 18 years old, 5 feet 7 inches tall and weighs 125. Other measure- ments include a 37-inch bust, 25-inch waist and 35-inch hips. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Soviet blockade of West Berlin. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona arid Vicinity Generally fair, continued rather warm to- night and Friday. Low tonight 64, high Friday near 90. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 94; minimum, 66: noon, 90; precipitation, none; sun seaman aiarueien, r fell over a 50-foot bastion here and sets tonight at sun rises to fVl, i tank support recaptured up to a mile of ground lost to the greatest Red offensive in two years this offensive which Ameri- can staff officers said the Chinese launched while using uniformed Russian officers as military ad- visers. New Battle Raging "The Chinks want Kumhwa and they're trying hard to get said Maj. Joseph L. Harvath, Piketon, Ohio, an operations adviser. He said some South Koreans were pulled back from outposts on ord- ers as the Reds hit. The new battle for the vital communications center was about 15 miles southwest of the Kumsong River front, where three South Korean bout soldiers backed by American tanks and artillery drove the Chinese back as much as a mile Thursday. No U. S. infantrymen took part in the attack, Army spokesmen said. controlled by the Western Powers, The south Koreans struck under in divided Berlin and Soviet East j an umbrella of hundreds of U. S. Germany. 2. Proposed creation of I Air Force, Navy, and Marine and an all- j Australian jet warplanes in t h e German government "with free-jflrst of good flying weather dom of action in internal and ex- tne assault opened. ternal affairs." I Associated Press Correspondent 3. Final agreement on a treaty Forrest Edwards reported the Chi- ending the occupation and restor- jnese back disorganized from ing the independence of Austria. territory they gained Monday and The Western Powers told Rus-j Tuesday in a massive offensive sia steps proposed on Germany j carried an officially-disclos- "must precede the opening of dis- i ecj four miles. cussions with the Soviet govern- rj. 5. tanks and big guns ham- ment for a German peace treaty." mcred the Communists and waves The last previous meeting of the j Of Allied warplanes flew more than. Big Four foreign ministers, in May j i_oOO strikes. They shot down three and June 1949, was concerned with Red MIG jets in aerial battles and agreements for the ending of the damaged two others, shot up three J J J- was killed when he tried to recover his hat, which he had dropped, it was announced today. His body is being flown to the United States. He was in the crew of the U. S. naval landing craft LST 344: In Washington, the Navy said Stardelen's next of kin was listed as a brother, Oscar, of Williston, morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (North Central Observations) The high temperature for the past 24 hours was 87 at p. m. Wednesday and the low 65 at a. m. today. At noon today skies were clear, visibility was ten miles, temperature 85, winds calm, ba- rometer 30.20, steady and the hu- midity 63 per cent Red planes on the ground and de- stroyed three Red tanks, the Air Force said. General Inspects Front Gen. Maxwell Taylor, U. S. 8th Army Commander, made a hur- ried 'inspection trip to the flaming East-Central Front. Frontline reports filtering through heavy censorship said there was no major fighting m the 15-mile stretch between the north- ward-pressing ROKs near the Kum- song River and the Reds' new southward push toward Kumhwa. First reports on the new battle said the Reds were curling around the southern base of Sniper RMge, which was abandoned as an outpost after the ROK Capitol immediately to the east forced back Monday and Tuesday. The ground being fought over at Kumhwa was the area of the five-week battle for Sniper Ridge last October and November when the 2nd ROK Division lost nearly men taking the height. ;