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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 15, 1947, Winona, Minnesota W EATHER Parti? cloudy tonitjht with IhundeMhowrri Full Leased Wire News Report of The Associated Press Member of the Audit Bureau of Circulations 96 DAYS Swimming Pool Enabling Act VOLUME 47, NO. 125 WINONA. MINNESOTA. TUESDAY EVENING. JULY 15, 1947 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES School Budget Governors Assure Marshall Full Support Bipartisan Backing Given Relief Plan Program Termed Consistent With National Interests By Henry Leader Luke City Secretory of State Marshall told the nation's governors that the United States has reached a "turning point" In European relations and got prompt assurances today of bipartisan sup- port for his plan to help rebuild Europe. Unless it 'elects to lose its "in- calculable stake" In Europe, the cab- inet member said, America must extend a Justifiable measure of old to friendly countries or see them drift into a nondemocratlc orbit. In crowded eight-hour stopover on a strenuous roundtrlp flight Washington, the graying aol- dier-diplomac grimly told the gov- ernors' conference here that there la "no blinking the fact that this coun- try now stands at the turning point In its relations to its traditional friends among the nations of the old world." Undenitandlnr Marshall said "the great problem I feel we have to deal with is in bringing the American public to a general understanding of the con ditlons Involved at home and abroac which influenced all negotiations and therefore all efforts to re- establish the peace nnd prosperity ol the world." He said the rehabilitation pro- gram which Is expected to be pro- posed later this year tor congres- sional consideration in January would be "fully consistent with our own national Interests and yet equally considerate of the Incalcula- ble stake which this country has In the preservation of European civili- zation." Marshall asked the governors to explain the nation's problems to their citizens ancl declared: "With the facts before them, I am confi- dent of the response of the Ameri- can people." Before ho climbed wearily aboard the presidential plane Sacred cow Tor the return trip to Washington, (Continued on Pajro 4, Column 2) MARSHALL Rid U.S. of Communists, Stassen Asks Won't Abandon 8 Nations Turning Down Paris Bid the "major com- Detition" of economic systems and deologies between Russia and the U. this nation must take two positive steps, Harold E. Stassen tolc a nation-wide radio audience Mon- day night. He recommended that "we do not .bandon the eight nations of Europe who did not accept the Paris con- crence and that we proceed promptly with an intelli- ent, coordinated program to clear p Communist infiltration in the S." Stassen suggested the antl-Com- munlst program be nd put Into effect through the co- peration of "the President and the Flooring Mill at Duval Plant Destroyed by Fire; Loss Fire of undetermined origin de- stroyed a flooring mill at the Du- val Stave Sc Heading Company plant in Ooodvlew village on the Minne- sota City road late Monday eve- ning. Gerald Duval, owner and opera- ;or of the company which manufac- ures flooring for residences as well as barrel staves and headings for iommercial purposes, estimated the oss at which he said artlally covered by insurance. is eluding a Diesel engine used as a source of power. Equipment lost in- cluded saws, planers and joiners Also lost was several thousand feet of white oak flooring. The Duval company has been op- erating the flooring mill only a short time but had orders for several thousand feet of flooring. Mr. Du- val said. A motorist passing the plant saw the flames and reported the fire at the "61" club, across the highway f-rom the plant, where Mr. Duval was eating. The fire which broke out in the! He said lie ran to the mill but the fire had too great a start. The Wl- flooring mill at about p. m. estroyed the building which houses the mill and valuable machinery In- nona Fire department, which had been called, arrived a short time later and concentrated its efforts on keeping the fire from spreading to a 500-galIon Diesel fuel storage tank, between the flooring and the stave mills, and to stored lumber. The Duval company has been manufacturing staves and heads on a large lot Just east of the Winona airport for about a year and a half. The flooring mill was started to handle some of the by-products from-the stave mill. Workers who were employed at the flooring mil will not be laid off, Mr. Duval said, but will be assigned work in the stave and heading mill. The flooring mill, he added, will be rebuilt as soon as material and machinery' Is available. Ireeks Ask for Reinforcements in Sattle With Second Guerrilla Band Secretary of George Marshall adjusts his glosses as he be- gins an address before the Governors' conference at Salt Lake City. (A.P. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Weather FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday with scattered thundershowws late Wed- nesday afternoon and night. Little change in temperature. Low tonight 64; high Wednesday 88. cloudy with scattered thundershowors northwest portion tonight and in north and Chances of Overriding Tax Veto Held Slight By Francis J. Kelly Washington The possibility of enacting the 000 income tax cut over President Truman's promised veto all but disappeared today despite the 60 to 32 'Senate vote which headed the measure toward the Although yesterday's roll call on passage.gave 'the tax-cutters a 28-vote edge, the majority fell two votes shy of the two-thirds needed to override the rejection which Mr. Truman has announced will be fired back to Capitol hill. Republican backers of the bill re- fused to concede defeat. Senator Mllllkln man- ager of the reporters there still is "a fighting chance." Senator Taft of Ohio, the Republican policy committee chairman, held that there is a possibility yet of passing it over west portions Wednesday. change in temperature. Little fair tonight and Wednesday. Somewhat warmer extreme east Wednesday. EXTENDED FORECASTS Minnesota Wisconsin: Tempera tures will average from near nor- mal near Lake Superior to two to four degrees normal wes and south portions; normal maxi- mum 81 north to 90 south, mini- mum 57 north to 65 south. No marked temperature fluctuations except moderately cooler north around Thursday. Precipitation wil average one-quarter to one-half inch, but scattered and very un- evenly distributed thundershowers western Minnesota Wednesday and most sections Wednesday nlRht and Thursday and tLgnln around Sun- clay. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88: minimum. CO; noon, S3: precipitation. .24 of nn Inch; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Mln. Pet. Chlcnsto 88 CC .20 Duluth............ 77 05 Kansas City 02 74 .03 Los Angeles 8-1 GO Miami 83 78 .21 Mlnnoupolls-St. Paul 85 CC .11 New Orleans .......36 75 Mew York DO 72 Seattle 77 58 Washington 87 71 KIVER BULLETIN Flood StaKC 24-Hr SWIKC Todny Change Red Wing 14 4.0 Lake City 7.0 Dewey Wins Governors9 Straw Vote By Jack Bell. Associated Prens Political Reporter Salt Lake City Governor Thomas E. Dewey of New York won first place by a wide margin today In a secret-ballot poll of Repub- lican governors expressing their preference for the 1948 O.O.P. presi- dential nominee. Democratic governors showed such a wide variance of opinion in the same poll that only one potential candidate got as many as two first place votes for the vice-presidential i nomination. He was former Secre- tary of State James F, Byrnes. In a poll conducted by The Asso- ciated Press in cooperation with the Desert News and the Salt Lake Telegram, Dewey received ten first place votes and his nearest con- tender, Governor Earl Warren of California, two. .The remainder of the total of 17 first place votes cast by the Repub- lican governors were distributed one ttorney general of the TJ. S., the governor and attorney general of the state of New York, the mayor and the prosecutor of the city of New York, to clear up this center (New York city) of Communist ac- tivity in the United States.1 Raps New York The former Minnesota governor's reference to New York as the cen- ter of Communistic activity in this country might be regarded as a thrust at possible presidential as- pirations of Governor Dewey of Newj York. The self-professed presldentia aspirant declared "it would be major world. tragedy" if we le Poland, Finland, Czechoslovakia Yugoslavia, Romania, Hungary, Bul- garia, and Albania to their own de- vices. Stassen declared those nations "do not want to turn away from us" anc only because "in their posi- tion they cannot" defjTRussf a.'" He called for extending to those countries "desperately needed eco- nomic certain Lists Conditions Among those conditions, the Athens By L. S. Chakales Government reports indicated today that the the veto. Vote This Week Seen The bill probably will not actually reach the White House until late to- day or tomorrow. Mr. Truman's as- surances to congressional leaders that he intends to act promptly may mean that.both houses will get. a chance at overriding the veto this week, w The current measure is identical with the one Mr. Truman killed last month except that it would take ef- fect next January 1 instead of July 1, 1847. It provides tax cuts rang- ing from 30 per cent in the lowest Income range to 10.5 per cent at the top. .1 .1 .1 .3 Reads 12 4.5 Dam 4, T. W...... 5.4 Dam 5. T. W..... 3.5 Dam 5A, T. W..... 4.5 Winona (OP.) 13 5.5 Dam 6. Pool 7.0 Dam C, T. W. Dakota Dum 7, Pool 0.5 Dam 7, T, W....... 4.3 2 Ln Crosse 12 C.2 .1 Tributary Chlppewa at Durand.. 2.1 Zumbro at Thellman.. 2.8 Buffalo above 2.0 Trempealeiiu at Dodge 1.0 -h .3 Black at Nclllsvllle.....2.G Black nt Galcsvlllc.... 2.7 -t- .1 La Crosse at W. Salem 1.8 -r- .1 Root at Houston.......7.8 each to Senator Robert A. Taft of Ohio, Former Governor Harold E Stassen of Minnesota, Governor Dwlght Green of Illinois, Senator Levcrctt Saltonstall of Massachu- setts and Senator Edward Martin of Pennsylvania. The indecision of Democrats about a vice-presidential runner with President Truman was demon- strated by single first place votes for nine possible candidates, following the two for Byrnes. This field included Secretary of State Marshall, who addressed the annual Governors conference here ast night. Others Include Senator Scott ucas of Illinois. To insure freedom of expression, cporters for The Associated Press, Forty-eight Republicans and 12 Democrats voted for the bill on final passage. The 30 Democrats oppos- ing it were Joined by two Republi- :r Minnesota governor suggested rccdom of press and radio within those countries, that the aid actu- ally go to those people lor whom it s intended, that it should not be used for further socialization or loss of human freedom, and that the re- cipient peoples be fully informed on the facts of .the aid program. Urged a special congressional ses- sion this fall to formulate the eco- nomic aid program, although earlier Greek army, after driving guerillas back to the Albania border yesterday, had joined battle with a second and perhap bigger Invasion force from Albania and was calling for reinforce -----------------------------------------------ments. An official announcement sal that General Napoleon Zervas, mln istcr of public order, telephone Premier Demetrios Maximos to re port that government troops ha clashed with strong guerrilla unl at Kalpaki late last night and were in need of strengthening. Earlier last evening a cabinet mln istcr said men were advancln from the Albanian frontier towari loannlna, 25 miles within north western Greece, in what he termec "new invasion" begun yestcrda Production and Prices of Soft Coal Increase coal produc- tion increased BO did soft coal prices. Walter B. Thurmond, secretary of the Southern Coal Producers''as- sociation, said consumers "will be required to pay about additional during 12 months." Thurmond said the recent a-day wage increase granted to John L. Lewis' A.F.L.-United Mine Work- ers "will cost (the operators) more than a ton so coal will sell a the mines from to higher at However, Lewis said In an editor- ial in the U.M.W. Journal that in- creased costs to consumers of coal and other products would be "infini- tesimal." Increase The Journal estimated the new contract added only 65 to 67 cents in the day President Truman had I to the cost of producing a ton of declared no such session would be'soft coal. needed. Until the politbureau, guldlni council of the USSR becomes con- vinced of two things, Stassen said ;here can be little hope of a- major change in Russian foreign policy. .The two convictions which must (Continued- on Page 2, Column S) STASSEN can senators) Morse of Oregon and Langer of North'Dakota. Monty WooIIey in Hospital Albany, N. Merit Woolley was In Albany hospital to day for "observation and perhap an his physician sold Woolley entered the hospital yes terday. the News and the Telegram asked jovcrnora to write their preferences on unmarked slips of paper which could not be Identified when the boxes were opened. Seventeen Republican and 11 Democrats participated in the poll out of the 43 state execu- tives now present at the conference. Others either did not participate or snld they had not mado up their minds. Cinder in Queen's Eye to Stop 3 Times Edinburgh, Scotland Elizabeth had a cinder in her eye last night and tho special train which Is carrying the royal family to Scotland mado MacArthur Clothing Edict for Civilian Employes Tokyo General Douglas MacArthur came up today with a few fashion notes for civilian em- ployes of general headquarters. An order signed by the supreme :ommandcr said the employes must wear "conventional dress" when in public buildings or places. And uch dress, he said, does not In- three emergency governors stops en route so It could be treat- ed. Five doctors and eye special- ists boarded the train to attend the queen, and one London news- paper headlined the story above Secretary of Marshall's Europe State' aid speech.. Apparently all "sun suits, i men's undershirts play suits, or as outer gar- AS for women may wear them "only when in tho opinion of the section chief concerned, (the wearer's) duty Is such as to make this dress desirable." Elisabeth was well this morning, however. The queen alighted from the train and in- formed Edinburgh's mayor, sir Rob- ert Falconer: "It seems all right now." Accompanying the king .and queen were the Princess Elizabeth and Margaret and Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten, whose engagement to Princess Elizabeth was announced last week. The royal party planned to remain at Holyrood castle here for a week. Navy Starts Expedition To Arctic Washington The navy's summer expedition to the Arctic gets under way today with the depart- ure from Boston of a three-vessel task force. Headed by Captain Robert S. Quackenbush, Jr., who Was second in command of the recent South pole expedition, the group will carry supplies, food and fuel to stations in the Far North. The ships are expected to retur to the United States in October, Anthracite prices were also ex- pected to 70 cents a ton of the Lewis-won wage hikes. Thurmond's prediction that soft coal consumers will pay more for their fuel in the next year followed a plea by President Tru- morning. Kalpaki Is a village only ten mile east of the Corfu channel. loan nlna is a commercial and industrial city of some the biggest-to Eplrus, and is some 25 miles east o Kalpaki. Before taking off for the battle zone yesterday. General Zorvas re- ported that army units reinforced by airborne combat veterans had beat- en off guerrillas near Konltsa about 25 miles north of lonnnlna and driven them back tto the Al- banian boundary. Konltsa is a town of only six miles from the frontier. The ministers of war, air and navy and Finance Minister Demetrios Helmls planned a conference today So ascertain the immediate needs of ;he army. Dwight P. Grlswold, administrator of the United States program of assistance to Greece, landed at the Hassan! airport here lost night. Be- "ore leaving Washington, Grlswold ast week said worth of military supplies were en route to Greece under the pro- ram. A government announcement said1 foreign elements" were among the Head Renews Plea For Tax Cut Earl Bunting By Sterling .F. Green Wuhlnrton N.A.M. Presl- ent Earl Bunting, said today the fttion should be able to absorb this car's "second round" wage In- cases without going on an infla- Trade Control Bill Is Signed Tru man today signed legislation ex tending export-import controls ove: scarce commodities until next Peb> 29, and sold some foreign trade supervision will be needed iven after then. These controls, embodied in the iecond war powers act, originally :xplred June 30, but were extend- :d for 15 days by a stop-gap con- gressional resolution. In a statement, Mr. Truman said he administration will "use these ontrols sparingly and dispense wltt hem as soon as conditions permit." Archbishop Murray Jndergpes Operation Rochester, Minn. Arch- Ishop John Gregory Murray of the t. Paul Catholic diocese today was eported to be recovering from an peration performed at St. Mary's ospital a week ago. Dr. W. W. Walters of the Mayo linic removed the 70-year-old lergyman's right kidney, believed rulsed March 31 when he was truck by an automobile in St. Paul, Archbishop Murray was described s being in excellent condition today nd hopeful of discharge from the ospital in ten days. Vew Flying Rules For U. S. Awaited first new flying rules based on findings of President Truman's special air safety board appointed a month ago today probably will be Issued this week. A Civil Aeronautics board offlcla told a reporter the policy making agency has nearly finished trans- lating into formal regulations some of'tho proposals made by the Presi- dent's group. He did not say what the new rules will provide. Mr. Truman named the five-man loard two days after the third in a series of crashes which took 147 ,lves within 15 days. Congressman Who Asked 3-Term Limit to Run Fourth Time Repre- sentative Arnold who advocated a couple of yearg ago that Hourie members be limited to three terms, announced today he will seek re-election to a fourth term. "I've chanced roy Arnold -told reporter. "I have learned that it three tormi in the House to get onto the ropei well, to ret more on committee! and to do more food for your district, "I made a mistake when I a three-term limit. I (poke too loon without knowing then what I know now. I have profited by experience." GREEKS man that steel and coal industries ._ _ should withhold general price In-! (Contlnuea Column Z creases. Steel companies have announced no general price increase. Meantime, the nation's bituminous diggers settled down to regular work and production was reported nearly 100 per cent of ca- pacity. Hike of Ton The largest Jump In soft coal prices was Pittsburgh, a center of the soft coal Industry. The cost of Disco, a smokeless processed uel and coke, rose from to 114.50 a ton. Earthquake Rock Town in Colombia tlonary spree. The head of the National As- sociation of Manufacturers told Congress that united effort for greater production, plus tax cuts to provide "venture capital" for the expansion of Industry by new Jobs a year, Is the key to con- tinued growth and prosperity. "Prices are high, as compared to prewar, but the increase has been .ess than the rise of wages and during the last four mouths the price level has definitely flattened Bunting said in a statement prepared for the Joint committee on the economic report. Says in Line "We yet have to see the full el- ects on prices of the current round of wage increases. But if we can keep production and productive cl- iciency moving forward, we should be able to hold this potential price ise from getting out of hand." Bunting said he considered amazing" that the death of OPA a year ago "has resulted In such moderate price increases." In view cost increases, he added, icve that manufacturers' I be- prices nni (This Wircphoto map shows wliere the quake struck in Colombia -yesterday.) gov- ernment rushed medical supplies and assistance today to quake-strick- en Pasto in southern Colombia, cut off since yesterday from communi- cation with this capital by a series of temblors feared to have caused heavy casualties and damage. Unofficial reports said that hun- dreds of buildings in Pasto, a city of near the Ecuador frontier al- most 300 miles south of Bogota, had icon wrecked. There also were In- dications that Ipiales. a town of to 30 miles southwest of Pasto, had been affected. There was some speculation that toe temblors might have been caused by an eruption of Mt. Pasto vol- cano, at the foot of which the city, of Pasto is situated. mvc been kept well In line." But the N.A.M. chief forecast that the wage increases recently grant- d the coal miners will bo reflected n Increased costs of manufactured products and of transportation." Committee members waited with some Tor another of the day's witnesses, George M. Hum- phrey, Pittsburgh stcclman and coalman. They looked for a possible reply to President Truman's plea yesterday that tho coal and steel industries refrain from immediate price increases arising from the new coal wage agrccmnt. Prices Increaied Mr. Truman issued a statement asking steel and coal 'managements to give the week-old mine wage rates a "fair test" before raising prices and perhaps launching a new round of commodity price increases. However, coal price Increases ranging from 75 cents to a ton In Cleveland, Pittsburgh, To- edo, Akron and other cities al- ready are in effect or expected shortly. Walter B. Thurmond, secretary of .the Southern Coal Producers association, said at Charleston, W. Va., that coal prices will go up to a ton. i Five Mills Asked for Buildings Teachers' Pay Chief Reason for Increase A budget calling lor 3. tax In- crease of approximately 724 for general school purposes was approved by the board or education at its meeting at the Senior High school Monday eve- The budget will be pre- sented to the city council lor approval. Disbursements under the new budget will amount to com- pared with under the present budget. In addition to the amount asked for general purposes, the board, decided to Increase the mill for the school building sinking rued from four to five mills. The increase In the general fund amounts to approximately ten mills at the pres- ent assessed valuation." but it Is estimated the new budget will not exceed 36 mills. Every operating branch, of school will need more money to 'keep going" during the period than under the 1947-'48 bud- [et, the board was informed. Increased wage demands of teach- ers during the past year as well ax increased costs of textbooks and supplies are reflected In the new- budget: which calls for for these purposes compared with 350 for the some purposes under the 1947-'48 budget. The second greatest amount -will be expended for operation of the plant which includes janitors' fuel, light and power and supplies. For these the budget allots compared with ror tha budget. Other disbursements which show marked-Increases in the new budget are general control, auxiliary agen- cies and coordinate activities, Ilxed charges and- capital outlay. General control which Includes salaries nnd supplies fry the board of education and cleric's office, the superintendent's office and for WiaUtratloix" expense Increased-from to Auxiliary agencies and coordinate activities which arc far transporta- tion of pupils, health service, phy- sical examinations, school assembly programs, veterans evening clones, milk and school lunch program, and community education center Increased from to S24.170. The greatest shore of this in- crease came with the addition or the milk and school lunch program. Tills amount is which is reimbursed by the government. Al- though the school system, received this government aid under the previous budget and the money was expended, the Item was not included in the' 1947-'48 budget. This ac- counts for most of the increase in this branch under the new budget. Veterans In addition physical examinations for students, a program now being discussed, and classes for veterans and adults added nearly to expenditures for this branch. Fixed charges which include in- surance on buildings and contents increased from to and capital outlay increased from 700 to capital outlay in- cludes improvement of grounds, alterations of buildings, service sys- tems, new instructional equipment and new equipment other than instructional. The Increase lor capital outlay is to take care or replacement of a bus and truck. and for new instructional equipment, such as typewriters, duplicating machines, and addJOng machines, which was not available during the war years. Funds for the construction of the new Jefferson field stadium come from the school building fund, it was explained. The board now has in government bonds in this fund and in addition in cash. The increase in the building sinking fund is to take care of anticipated building needs such as a new Lincoln school and enlargements on the Central Ju- nior High school ond the Senior High school. Tnc present asscsed valuation, re- turned approximately toHhe sinking fund Oils year, but under the new' valuation and the cxtia mill, the amount will be approxi- mately It is estimated that the special one mill tax lor school purposes will bring In revenue while mortgage registry will add State aids, it is estimated, will add to the revenue. The total revenue for school pur- poses under the new budget is esti- mated as follows: Local taxes, state aids, county tuition payments. federal aid, other tuition Including that from classes for veterans, milk and school lunch program, high school workbooks, sale of supplies, and miscellaneous. Money in Circulation Totals Washington -The treasury reported today that money in circu- lation at the start of this month totaled an average of each for a population estimated at The average amount as down 11 cents from the start of June. ;