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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 13, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Tuesday; Temperature Same River Stage (Flood 13) 24-Hour Today 8.44 .22 Year Ago 7.39 .21 VOLUME 53, NO. 123 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 13, 1953 TWENTY PACES Rhee Indicates Willingness to Work Peacefully Won't Obstruct Armistice, U.S. Envoy Promised SEOUL Syngman Rhee said in a statement today that South Korea may change the methods but not its objective of trying to unify the divided nation. The statement, issued after a joint statement announcing a mu- tual understanding between South Korea and the U. S. regarding an armistice, indicated a reversal of his previously stated determina- tion to achieve unification of Ko- rea by force of arms if not at a conference table. Rhee added that "some ques- tions require further exploration at another governmental level. Un- til these matters are finally settled our friends must be satisfied with what is contained in the joint state- ment." Rhee issued the formal state- ment instead of answering a num- ber of detailed questions submit- ted by correspondents after he and U. S." presidential envoy Walter S. Robertson had issued their joint statement on their many secret conferences. Before his talks with Robertson, Rhee had been insisting that his government would not accept any armistice which did not contain guarantees of Korean unification and withdrawal of foreign troops. Rhee was bombarded with ques- to ThTcMnV 'up IS..- to Imes last night in their biggest offen- sive since 1951, frontline officers reported today. M 450 Young Jap Inmates Rioting TOKYO (.7) Some 450 inmates of Himeji juvenile penitentiary rioted today for the second straight day, but armed guards and police put down the demonstration after grappling with the prisoners for two hours. Japanese newspapers said more than 10 prisoners and several for Lost Airliner West Fears The St. Stanislaus Band marches up Third Street in Winona's sixth annual Steamboat Days parade Saturday afternoon. Other photos and stories inside. (Republican-Herald photo) Chinese Stage Largest Attack Since '51 SEOUL, Tuesday, July 14 WV- was understood Robertson was up- set because Rhee was quoted as saying he (Rhee) still did not ac- cept an armistice in principle. Here's the text of Rhee's state- ment today: "Many newspapermen are send- ing a variety of questions concern- ing my talks with Mr. Robertson and the nature of the conclusions from these discussions. I very much appreciate this interest for we want all our friends abroad to understand the position of the Ko- rean people and the Korean gov- ernment. Mr. Robertson came as the personal representative President Eisenhower and we had a great many frank and full dis- cussions. We came to understand one another very well and to ap- preciate fully the great advantages of maintaining the mutual friend- ship and close accord of our prisoners, many of nations. over 20 years old, took over the "In a joint statement we have 400 milos southwest of expressed what, at this time, k morning for nearly have to reveal. J No Upheaval in Russia Unless Red Army Joins Move By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON Only if the Red army joins in is it likely there can be an upheaval mighty enough to topple Moscow's monolithic gov- ernment and the present chances of this happening appear remote. For these reasons American military men are making no revisions in their estimates of the capabilities of the Soviet armed forces, what- ever political convulsions may ap- pear to be going on in Russia. The reliability of the four-millipn- man Red army to the Russian government, whoever heads that government, is well nigh perfect. No army in modern times, not even those of Nazi Germany, have been so well controlled. The army is watched closely by the men who control the Communist party. For the armed forces, there is a dual system of surveillance: 1. The political commissars, who' have been attached to the army since the early 1920s. 2. Operatives of an organization of secret agents with- ,in MVD, the major function of which is internal security and counterintelligence. The operations of the commis- until pistol-firing sars are in the open. The commis- is kncwn (Q officers and men_ He Tfae ngw thjs morning u responsible to the party, receives ive to reveal. i hnnrs" "Some questions require further jthree exploration at another governmen-1 slorrr tal level. Until these matters are new riot finally settled our friends must the to'r'emove' j Instructions" fromlhe' Commu be satisfied wih what is contained ringleaders the Sunday political chiefs and reports to m the joint statement. orisons "Pending the time when such to otner examinations are concluded, I do not intend to say or do anything 9 Killed 00 Leyte that could be interpreted as caus- ing any difficulties. "I w'ant to express my deepest appreciation to the thousands of people in the United States and other parts of the free world who have sent me letters and cable- grams of strong support. These friends must understand that I stand today as I have all along for the reunification and independ- ence of all Korea and for the de- feat of Communist aggression. "There may be a change of methods but not of objectives." A well-informed source told Asso- ciated Press Tokyo Bureau Chief Robert Eunson that President Ei- senhower's special envoy won i sweeping concessions from Rhee, j including the written pledge that! South Korea would not obstruct j an armistice. The source said that j Robertson did not wish to embar-1 rass Rhee by disclosing them. Rhee reportedly agreed not to free any more prisoners. His order freeing POWs held by the I Allies last month stalemated the j nearly completed truce negotia- tions. The envoy, Assistant U. S. Sec- retary of S'tate Walter S. Robert- son, refused to agree to Rhee's demand that the United States walk out of a post-armistice politi- cal conference if it failed to make headway in 90 days on unifying Korea, the source said. In return. Eunson said, Rhee reportedly was assured that the United States would hold another top-level conference with South a truce work out a joint policy and that the United States would defend South Korea if it were attacked. These assurances, Eunson learned, were in addition to pre- vious U. S. promises of economic and military aid and efforts to unify Korea peacefully. Optimism for an early truce was strengthened also by an order of the U. S. Information Service dis- patching its photographers to the truce conference site at Panmun- jom "by Wednesday." them. His mission, in one respect, is something like that of the "in- formation and education" officer I in the U. S. Army: He explains MANILA Nine members of one family were killed and three houses destroyed Sunday night when a bomb being dismantled for its powder exploded at Taclo- ban on Central Leyte Island. ment. Because he lives and serves TODAY Ike Opens Hostilities On Senator By JOSEPH ALSOP fall of Lav- renti Beria may shade the world; but American domestic politics are rather more likely to be shaken by a quite different event. President Eisenhower has at last opened hos- tilities against Sen. Joseph R. Mc- Carthy. The decisive engagement will be the case of William Bundy, the able official of the Central Intelligence Agency who is McCarthy's newest target. The President shows every sign of the firmest purpose to op- pose McCarthy on Bundy, even re- fusing to permit Bundy to respond ,to McCarthy's subpoena, with an army unit he also is in a i jf Eisenhower does not surren- position to know the talk and j [jer m tnis Bundy case, McCarthy attitude of soldiers and to tell the j wiu nave a hard choice. He will party. have to choose between accepting There have been reports that defeat, or unmasking his regular army officers dislike and reai purposes by publicly attacking distrust the political commissars j President himself. This can be, assigned to their units. But the j may Well be, the final turning same may not be true of the Rus- j point. sian GI. He has little daily contact! The real openirlg hostilities, with any commissioned officer. He however was the President's in- knows only the noncommissioned ill to Raise Excess Profits Exemption Set By JACK BELL WASHINGTON UPV-Sen. Spark- man (D-Ala) said today he will give the Senate a chance to vote on raising exemptions to when it considers a House-approved bill to extend the excess profits tax till Jan. 1. "I'm also thinking about a pro- posal to change the base years on which the tax is figured, so that new businesses will have more leeway in selecting their he said in an interview. Sparkman said his proposal to increase the exemption from the present level of to S100.000 before the excess profits levy comes into operation would cost only about 60 million dollars in fevenue. Boon to Business He said he thinks it would be a boon to small businesses which are struggling to build up reserves. President Eisenhower, who asked for extension of the tax for six j months, estimated it would bring in about 800 million dollars. It is a levy of 30 per cent, in addition to regular corporation income taxes, on profits defined in the law as excessive. There are several ways of computing excess officers and the commissars. And he can appeal, as much as any Russian dares appeal an order, to the commissar. The agents of the MVD's Smersh operate in the utmost secrecy. They may be masquerading as either enlisted men or officers. Their sole mission is to detect defection in thought or action. Their methods of operation are ruthless even for the savage secret police of Russia. These agents are especially con- cisive statement denouncing the slander of the Protestant clergy by McCarthy's pet investigator, J. B. Matthews. The real interest of this statement lies in a vital back- ground fact. The White House ac- tively sought the opportunity, in- deed" created the opportunity, to strike this hard blow at the Wis- consin senator. It is an old story, now, how Matthews charged that Pro- testant clergymen were secret agents of Moscow, and how the members of McCarthy's commit- over 85 per cent of a firm's profits in three out of the four years 1946-49. The Sparkman amendment may In Indochina Bidault Reports Supplies Stepped Up to Communists By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Western Powers were confronted today with the prospect of intensified war in Indochina as the conflict in Korea slacks off toward a probable armi- stice. This fact stood out as foreign ministers of the United States, Britain and France neared conclu- sion of Washington talks. Final discussion and firm decisions, if any, were still to be made on such diverse issues as Soviet policy, possible Big Three and Big Four conferences and Far Eastern prob- lems. The three were scheduled to re- sume full sessions this morning. The closing meetings will be held tomorrow. More two-way talks between the United States and France and the United States and Britain are also set for today and tomorrow. Supplies Increased At one such meeting at the home of Secretary of State Dulles yes- terday, French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault told Dulles there has been a sharp increase in the amount of supplies being received by Communist forces in Indochina from Red China, beginning about three months ago. U. S. officials noted that this timing roughly coincided with re- sumption of serious efforts for a truce in Korea. At the same time, Bidault laid before Dulles, with obvious hope of increased American assistance, a plan just developed by the French commander, Gen. Henri Navarre, for going on the offensive against the Communists in Indochina. Dulles, according to officials present at the conference, ex- pressed great satisfaction at the aggressive attitude displayed in the Navarre plan. Informants had the impression that if the French carry it out they may expect favorable American consideration of requests for more dollar aid. Officials reported that Bidault did not link the stepup in the flow of Communist supplies to the immi- nent possibility of peace in Korea. But Dulles made two points about tho American attitude toward the connection between Korea and Indochina. Cites Ike Speech He reiterated a joint American- j French statement of last spring! asserting that if the Reds took advantage of a cease-fire in Korea for aggressive action in Indochina, j they would strike at the basis of the i Korean armistice. And he cited a speech by President Eisenhower April 16 calling for peace, not only in Korea, but throughout the Far East. Bidault said the Navarre plan would mean a substantial increase Virginia Dell Michael, right, IS, of Marietta, Okla., smiled as she stepped from a train after arriving in Chicago to visit her cousin, Mrs. H. E. Copeland, left, of Waukegan, 111. Virginia was willed in land and cattle because she smiled at a lonely bachelor rancher, Robert Howard Shellenberger, 37, who recently committed suicide. His will has been upheld in district court in Marietta after relatives tried to break it. (AP Wirephoto) inese ayenis aic uaycciauv i.u.1- memi3ers ot MCCartny s commii- cerned with troops that are or have tee therefore protested Matthews' been at posts where they had con-1 appointment as head of the corn- tact with the Western world, such mjttee staff. But how the White as the occupation forces in Berlin. House seized upon the Matthews I In addition to the political com- j jssue js not an old story. I missars and secret agents within i The President's chief of staff, I the army there is a large force of I former Governor Sherman Adams j uniformed security Of New Hampshire, was the man fledged and fully armed military Wh0 decided that Matthews offered units but not within the structure the long-awaited "really good is- of the regular Soviet army. Their on which the President could job also is to keep control, but it take bis stand against McCarthy. includes supervision over civilian Inevitably, Adams was opposed populations in Communist-con-1 by the President's amiable but ap- trolled areas. peasement-minded legislative lia- ison officer, Major General Wil- ton B. Persons. But the President, who has followed the advice of Persons, this time decided the 2 Willmar Robberies Net Burglars WILLMAR, Minn. end breakins in this area netted burglars S900 in cash. Entered were the Philipsen Im- plement Co., Brooten, where was taken from a safe, and the Benson Bottling Co., Benson, where S4CO and two revolvers were miss- ing from a safe. j matter in favor of Adams. It is un- week-1 derstood that Vice President Rich ard Nixon also gave his approval. Rather cleverly, the White House then took steps to stimulate a tele- gram denouncing Matthews from three leaders of the Catholic, Pro- testant and Jewish faiths, Monsig- (Continued on Page 8, Column 4) AUSOPS to the bill in the Senate, but Chair- man Millikin (R-Colo) and Sen. George (D-Ga) said they hope the Senate Finance Committee will approve the House bill without proposal under a procedure which barred any amendments. The Senate committee probably will begin brief hearings tomorrow. George said he favors passing the bill without any amendments. If that doesn't happen and it looks as though the Senate may reduce the tax, Sen. McCIellan (D-Ark) said he may offer some ideas of his own. Personal Exemption Among 'these, he said, might be amendments to raise the personal income tax exemption from to and to allow "reasonable reductions" for day care expenses of working mothers with children. "If this goes through as a straight extension of the excess profits tax, however, I don't plan to offer any he said. Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of Tex- as, the Democratic leader, said in a weekend broadcast he doesn't remember having received so many letters from constituents who expressed themselves in favor of continuing a tax. "I will vote to extend the tax, as requested by the he said. Johnson indicated in an interview he believes most of the Democrats will go along on an issue in which Eisenhower laid his prestige on the line for the retention of revenue he said the government needs to keep it from going further into debt. Cold War at New Low BERLIN The cold war reached a ridiculous new low along the border of divided Berlin Sun- day night. Two East German peo- ple's police spent an hour and a half hurling rocks at West Berlin police. They didn't score a single hit. The plan, according to other sources, also calls for an additional French troops and an in- creased expenditure of around 2S5 million dollars. U. S. officials would have to come from the vided at all. Bidault, however, did not make any specific request, offi- cials said. American aid for the war in Indochina at present is estimated to run around one billion dollars a year. A Petite, 24-year-old mother of three children, Mrs. Donald Narveson of Minneapolis, will represent Minnesota in the "Mrs, America" contest at As- bury Park, N, J., later this year. She was chosen at De- troit Lakes, Minn., from a field of 10 finalists, originally chosen from a field of 50 entrants. The event was sponsored by the Junior Chamber of Commerce. (AP photo) Police Chief Mumby Sales Tax Blamed In Slaying of N.D. Police Chief NEW SALEM, N. D. ffl Col- lection of a penny sales tax has been blamed for the death of New Salem's police chief, a shooting spree in the business district and a brief kidnaping. Authorities in North and South Dakota are seeking a man named as Fred E. Warren in a first de- gree murder warrant sworn out by Morton County Sheriff Kermit A. Ellison for the death of Police Chief Edward Mumby. Mumby was killed by a bullet in the head Saturday night after he had arrested Warren following a fusillade of shots which were fired in the downtown area. Author- ities said the shooting followed the collection of a penny sales tax from a member of Warren's party. Police gave this version: Warren, with a red-haired wom- an and five children, registered at a hotel and went to the cafe where the sales tax was collected. Enraged, Warren and the woman checked out of the hotel and War- ren fired several shots. Mumby arrested him and was putting him in a ear belonging to Walter Hoherz, New Salem, when the chief was shot. After Mumby was killed. Hoherz was forced at gunpoint to drive the party out of town, where Mum- by's body was pushed from the machine. Then. Hoherz was ejected and Warren, the woman and the five children disappeared. Hoherz said the man told him the name Warren was an alias. Hopes Dwindle For Survival Of 58 Aboard 8 Children Listed On Plane Bound From Guam to California By ROY ESSOYAN HONOLULU Navy spur- red a massive search today for survivors of a four-engine airliner 1 which plunged into lonely Pacific waters with 58 aboard. A huge armada of ships and planes combed the storm-threat- ened Pacific 320 miles east of Wake Island, but hope dwindled for survival of all the occupants of the Transocean Air Lines DC6B with discovery of a life raft and seat cushions from the airliner. The plane, bound from Guam to Oakland, Calif., carried eight chil- dren under 10 years old among its 50 passengers and eight crew- men. It disappeared Saturday night on the Wake-to-Honolulu hop. It was the first commercial transpacific plane crash in that section of the Pacific since World War II. The Navy transport Barrett, one of at least 10 ships combing waters where the plane last reported its position, found an abandoned life raft and seat cushions it positively :dentified as coming from the iner. Comdr. T. 0. Murray, Hawaiian. Sea Frontier operations officer and search coordinator, said there is a "good chance there is life around there." "We will continue the search with that in mind as long as neces- he said. "There was plenty of room on four other life carried by the plane and still un- accounted for." Several entire families were on the liner. The pilot, Capt. William Word of Oakland, Calif., a veteran trans- pacific flier, reported in by radio Saturday night with no mention Suspect Caught Near Zeona, S. D. ZEONA, S. D. iffi A man be- lieved to be the slayer of the New Salem, N. D.. police chief Sunday was taken into custody near this northwestern South Dakota town today. With the man was a woman and five children. They were taken to Bison for positive identification. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Generally fair tonight and Tuesday. No im- portant change in temperature. Low tonight 65, high Tuesday 83. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 88; minimum, 63; noon, 78; precipitation, .44. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 80; minimum, 64; noon, .76; precipitation, .20; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp. 78 at p. m. Sun- day, min. 66 at a. m. today. Readings at clouds at. and 9vercast at feet, visibility six miles with light rain showers, wind calm, tempera- ture 74, humidity 74 per cent and barometer at 29.97 falling slowly. of trouble. There were no further messages. Some of those aboard were civil- ian workers, their wives and fam- ilies, en route from Guam to the United States for summer vaca- tions. One passenger was an employe of the airline, Charles Gallop of San Leandro, Calif. He was ac- companied by his wife and two small children. Another family included a Ne- braska man, Fred Hansher, 29, of Newman Grove, his wife, and chil- dren, 3 and 6. Transocean said this was its first Pacific accident in more than one billion passenger miles of world- wide operations since 1946. Congress Passes Relief Plan for Drought Areas WASHINGTON UPl Both the Senate and House today passed and sent to President Eisenhower legislation setting up a multi-mil- lion dollar relief program for drought stricken areas. The legislation authorizes loans to farmers in regions declared to be "disaster and permits special livestock loans above the limit the Farmers Home Ad- ministration now is authorized to make. It also provides for special em- ergency assistance in furnishing feed and seed to the affected farm- ers and livestock growers, financed through a revolving fund of the Agriculture Department. FBI Arrests Most Wanted Fugitive OMAHA W) One of the FBI's '10 most wanted fugitives" who came here "because I knew no one and no one knew was to je arraigned today before a U. S. iommissioner. He is Fleet Robert Current, 29, who was arrested Sunday night by the FBI while walking along a near downtown Omaha street with iis wife, Johanna, 19. He was not armed and offered no resist- ance. Jamas Dalton, special agent, said Current was wanted for his part n an Oakland, Calif., bank rob- jery. He also was being sought OT unlawful flight to avoid pro- secution on charges of robbing .a San Francisco restaurant book- Deeper of last January. Mrs. Current is the former Jo- hanna Grandner of Robbins- dale, Minn. Dalton said Current apparently met her in Minneapolis and that the couple was married last March 5 in Las Vegas, Nev.' ;