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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 12, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Clearing, Cooler Tonight and Thursday VOLUME 50, NO. 123 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 12, 1950 TWENTY-FOUR FAGES County Tax Budget Cut TOD 4V- Mobilization Lags Despite Grave Perils By Joseph and Stewart Alsop since the war In Korea started, the only remaining! deterrent to Soviet aggression else-] where is the atomic bomb. This is! because American disarmament! has forced this country to commii all available conventional forces to the Korean war. The arguments now being offered for and against partial national mobilization can only be understood in the light of these facts. These arguments may be briefly summarized. On the one hand, the State department firmly believes that further Russian aggression can only be prevented by a real effort to mobilize the American military potential. A powerful group in the Defense department, on the other hand, is attempting to persuade President Truman that a serious rearmament effort would "provoke" Stalin and the Politbu- ro, and thus lead to war. The real danger of our sit- uation, since the aggression in Korea, is still only dimly real- ized. There has been a good deal ot glib talk about sending six divisions to Korea, as if six division? were equipped, trained and ready to go. In fact, although ostensibly the United States disposes of nine and a half Army divisions and two Marine divisions, this is paper stenerth. Not more than three divisions (outside of Ger- many) are in a condition of partial readiness. The First Marine division, for example, now on its way to Korea. Is for reasons of "economy" at less than half war strength, and most other available divisions are, even less prepared to fight. Fight- Ing divisions are not created over-] night. Nor are tactical air groups, or carriers, or Navy task forces, or the other elements of conven- tional military power, which have, been slashed to the bone, andi which are needed to fight the Ko-i rean war, I The plain fact is that, barring a miracle, the United States is go- ing to have to send to Korea just about every combat unit that ex- ists, other than long-range bomber groups and the forces in Germany. Nor is this all. This country's two most important allies, Great Bri- tain and France, are already deep- ly committed in the Far East Malaya, Hong Kong and Indo-Chl- na. .Britain and France, with the Red army in Germany, cannot pqs-, sibly denude themselves further in Europe. In the face of these facts, there is the further fact that the Soviet Union Is now known, on the basis of reliable intelligence, to have planned a drive on Iran In the early au- tumn, as a sequel to drive on Korea. "Free Iranian" di- visions with the help of the clandestine Communist front, Tndeh party, were to "liber- ate" Iran from ican imperialism." If the Kremlin's timetable is not re- vised, and a drive on Iran does take place, there will now be no conventional forces left' to meet It. That leaves the atom- ic bomb, and the atomic bomb means world war. Yanks Pull Back to Kum River Line Black Arrows Show North Korean southward drives which have pushed U. S. forces back to the Kum river defense line. One Red column (A) has pushed American troops across the river; another (B) has driven Americans from Chochiwon. To the east, South Korean forces (open arrows) have captured Tanyang (C) and made an encircling movement around Yongdok Underlined are cities where Communist-held targets were hit by the Air Force. Jagged line is approximate extent of Red invasion. (A.P. Wlrephoto.) Dixiecrats Beaten Byrnes, Johnson Win in 5. Carolina Columbia, S. C, James F. Byrnes will be the next governor of South Carolina, and Senator Olin Johnston will go back to the U. S. Senate. South Carolina Democrats decided that yesterday. In this state the nomination is equal to election. The 71-year-old Byrnes former secretary of state and Supreme court justice, easily triumphed over three opponents. With primary returns in from most of the state's precincts, the former "assistant president." rolled up votes. Lester L. Bates, Columbia insurance execu- tive, had Thomas H. Pope, speaker of the South Carolina house, had and Marcus A. Stone. Dillion lumberman, Byrnes thus had an overwhelm- Hoover Becks Plan to Halt Red Aggression Kan. Former President Herbert Hoover says hope of lasting peace lies in halt- ing military aggression and reor-j ganizing the United Nations out the Russians. (Johnston He called Communism a force of 142'052- North Korean Forces Held to Slow Advance American Air Force Continues Hammering Vehicles, Supplies BULLETIN Advance American Base, Ko- rea, American forces with- drew across the Kum river south of Chochiwon late Wednesday while a rear guard detachment kept up a. dogged stalling fight. Tokyo North Korea's Reds hurled powerful tank-led battalions against American troops today, forcing them to See south or the vita! Kum river. TJ. S. troops prepared to make a new stand on the Kum's south bank, 13 miles north of Taejon, key defense center. An advanced headquarters spokesman in South Korea said the Americans hoped to hold this line until enough reir.iorcements arrive to counterattack. The Communist drive rolled re-! .entlessly. Tanks, including 60-ton! Russian-made monsters, crushed! American positions. The North Korea Commun- ist radio In Pyongyang broad- cast that 700 Americans were killed and 200 captured in a trap south of Chochiwon when the Reds launched their drive to Kum. It saifl much U. S. material was destroyed or cap- tured. A European war veteran, Tom my Bishop of Quitman, Miss., said some of the Red armor looked like German tiger tanks. General MacArthur, in a commu nique covering fighting some 2' hours earlier, said late tonigh that strong North Korean pressure "may compel further withdrawals behind the Kum river" defense line. Fight Delaying Action MacArthur's communique, is- sued at p.m. said U, S. units are "now delaying the enemy ad- in positions astride the high- way six miles north of Chochi- Later dispatches from the bat- ;le front said Chochiwon had been taken by the Communist forces and Americans had retreated. Red pressure against South Ko- rean forces fighting between Chongju and Umsong northeast of the main battle area "has resulted Levy for Next Year Road Rate Down City's Six-Year Relief Bill is Rejected Members of a U. S. machine gun unit set up their equipment along a road somewhere on the South Korean front as they raove forward to bolster South Korean and American units engaged with the Communists of the Ncrth. CA.P. Wirephoto.) positions along the Pogang MacArthur said. North Korean Weary G. I's Bitter Leaders Warned At Odds in Korea On Atrocities By William Jorden General MacAHhur's headquarters today declared four By Tom Lambert 1 With American Forces in Korea A bitter, beaten little bane j of G. I.'s sprawled in exhauston on a sunny Korean hillside this after- Inoon weary survivors of one of the most savage battles fought fay Americans In the Korean war. Their bitterness was more pronounced than their exhaustion, which was almost complete. They talked U.S. soldiers had been encirclements and infiltrations. i, Ln i, A grimy, beivhiskered, bloodshot- nr, the norrloflolH onrf nrorr-oH on the battlefield and warned ieyed officer gritted his teeth: North Koreans that those guilty ofj -You don.t fight two tank such "barbarity" face death if caught. Headquarters ped divisions with .30 caliber issued a carbines. I never saw such a use damned war in all my life.' communique saving proof had been! BjtteJ were- this G eceived of "barbarity and perpetrated by North Korean iel's. Two days ago this handful of Field dispatches, cross-checked in soldiers was part of a sizeable un- attempt to weed out duplica--ljt- In a morning-long battle with ions, have put the number of U.S risoners slain at 18. Headquarters said the proof was the form of official photographs howing four Americans with their ands tied behind their backs. They were shot through the head. The bodies were found when ounterattacks won back temporar- me mam name area nas resulted ing majority, eliminating the a planned withdrawal to defense essity of a run-off July 25. Johnston defeated Governor J. _ Strom Thurmond, 1948 states'! A North Korean force was tne eround where the soldiers rights Democratic presidential can- Nearly complete returns gave and Thurmond evil. He declared: Johnston, 53, had declared his Today the mobilization of non- iovaltv to the national Democratic jCommunist nations free from against Thurmond's charges isian domination is slowly unfold ing, "The (United Nations) security senator "ran out" on the state Democratic party. The senator said differences should be settled within the party, although he op- posed President Truman's renomi- mation two years ago. The state party supported Thurmond for President in 1948. The Johnston-Thurmond county- to-county campaign tour saw each castigate the other from the plat- form. Johnston once called the governor a liar and Thurmond of- fered to meet him outside. Noth- ing happened. I Each said he believed in segre- gation of the races. And each ac- cused the other of acts tending to break it down. Johnston favored federal aid to ample Towards the' end of thejchc-ices if it would have peace. education with limitations and op- war an Allied official in Moscowl "Shall it go to war to wipe the Taft-Hartley act. He op- remarked to Stalin that the from the face of theiposed the Marshall plan. Saying ern Allies had enormously under-prth? My answer is no. jhe respected the presidency, but estimated Soviet Stalin! "Should we return to the illu-jnot the man now in the White replied wrvlv that the capitalist in-jsion that the Kremlin has changediHouse, he referred to Mr. Truman is in the gospel and will work for "a blabber mouth" and "a lit- council has called upon its mem- Presidential assistant Averell! bers to join in repelling the aggres- Harriman Secretary of State Deanjsion against Korea. Some 42 mem- 4cheson and the State depart-jbers have given that call their ment's team of Russian experts I moral support. Three other nations are unanimously convinced thatjhave so far joined with us in the ther Soviet aggression, in measures of that task. "We .shall soon know how much of the world is prepared to meet this issue." Speaks at Emporia The former President spoke last night at a dedication of a memo- rial to the late Emporia editor, or elsewhere, can be- prevented. They argue that, while the Soviet leaders have little but contempt for existing American military power. Stalin and the Politburo, have a most healthy respect for; American power once mobilized. ITTL -i There is all sorts of Allen White, pointing towards this conclusion.! Hoover said the non-Communist One incident will serve as an ex-jworld is faced with three possible ported to be attempting a crossingj were slain. o: the Han rive" at Tanevane The communique said MacAr- fbouf east by these bar- (bane acts and holds the leadership ju. East Coast Quiet The communique said the North Korean division now holds Cuungju "as elements of that unit are probing south." The communique said elements of the 15th North Korean division are reported moving east to join forces with the Reds' Fifth divi- sion at Chungju. It added: "Enemy advances in this sector have been halted by terrain fav- orable to the defense forces." No major developments were re- (Continued on Page 21, Column 5) KOREA lo! the North Koreans responsible." report to down. Many of the original group still are in the hills after a plunging dash from their encircled positions. But many of them wounded and dead alike are in North Korean hands or territory. Draftees to Get 14 Weeks Drill, Posts in U.S. W) Tile Army said ,oday that draftees will be given 14 weeks of training then will be assigned first to posts within the United States. Later, some will go overseas but a spokesman said the number go- ng over "will not be large nor The spokesman also said that if The battle began two days agojthe first call for draftees has when the unit pushed off to attackithe indirect result of bringing in the Reds who were battering an-iiarge numbers of volunteers a sec- other American outfit. The unitiond draft call may not be needed moved up and dug in. j to bring the army up to its present "We stayed there until of However, he did said Lieutenant Edward :r accompanying James of Columbus, Ga. "Then we the battlefield pictures, declared: !withdrew to our original positions "This is not killed in action. I [with the idea of fooling them." call it. But the alert Reds who had been The communique speculated that mortarj tne position had a the four, all infantrymen were tall- (trick, too While their mortars ham- upon being the AmericanSi Red infan_ tured. The not discount the possibility that the ceiling might be raiser.. The present strength of the Ar- my is There will be no number draw-1 ing for the draft. The birth date is the big factor in determining which men will be called to duty. radio at Pyongyang, the i (trymen sneaked into the American Budget Table on Page S. By Adolph Bremw A 1951 tax budget under the levy lor the current year was approved yesterday afternoon by the Winona county board of com- missioners. Actual expenditures, however, may increase next year. The board increased its levies for its revenue fund, the welfare department and the school tuition fund, but knocked eight about its usual 15-mill [levy for the road and bridge fund. Total levy for the current year; total for the next year: But the halving of the road and bridge levy doesn't necessarily mean Jess expenditures for main- tenance of the state and county aid roads or for new construction. Within of Budget A year ago County Engineer E. P. Eflertz estimated that expendi- tures during 1950 would be and they'll be within about ot that. Yesterday, in recommending a budget for his department, the county engineer estimated expen- ditures during 1951 at With less revenue and about the same budget, he plans to meet the financial demands by using surplus. At the end of 1950 he anticipates a surplus of 000; at the end of 1951, Until 1945 the road and bridge fund usually ended the year in the red. Here's what the board did with the various fund levies yester- day: KEVENUE-BP from 000 to ROAD AND BRIDGE DOWN from IS to mills, or from to about BUENA VISTA SANATORI- at SCHOOL from to SCHOOL TRANSPORTA- from to aid-to-dependent children about EVEN at 800; poor DOWN from to administration, DOWN from to and old- are assistance, DP from to Rejected yesterday afternoon. too. was the six-year relief bill from the city of Winona, as well as the bill Irom Saratoga, township. The bills were rejected by the county commissioners and Mrs. P, Earl Schwab and Harry Libera, Winona, meeting as the county welfare board. This board also approved the welfare department budgets as presented by Executive Secretary William P. Werner. County Engineer Effertz' budget estimate was the same in detail as 'ast year, except that he added one tern: An estimate of the cash sur- pluses at the end of this year and at the end of 1851. He asked for "new con- struction" but didn't specify what Draft boards throughout the na- contemplated. Verbally tion were instructed yesterday to the commissioners that this reference to the atrocity reports. !fient communists in the dark "as soon as Possible and not T' llater than September 30." The or- i ders went to 54 states and terri- The quotas are relatively smal It has announced that some own foxholes can prisoners have been taken to1 ng and placed "in a tem- porary camp." The Red assault began yesteruayi, at about a. m. when the Com- telliger.ce service: Union were never very efficient best. He went on to say that in fact the Soviet I'nion was not through the United Nations? tie man." (That would seem futile. The race for governor was corn- "Shall we try to build the Unit- paratively tame. Stone, Bates and Jed Nations so as to confine Com- Pope took digs at Byrnes, but he jmunism to .the peoples already en- 1 ignored them. strong before the war, but that slaved, stop military aggression and! He said in a victory statement: it was a basic error to confuse [trust to time for this evil to "I believe that (Continued on Pajrc 10, Column 5) JM-V answer is in the days Youngdahl Files For Third Term Jmunists rode ghostlike out of a deep and you may not be called. Bu groun og. i suppose your local board has Screaming and shouting but nev- quota of two 1Tlen ,re between unth riicninlinia __ __ _ By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul Emphasizing the necessity of "honesty and human- ity in Governor Lu- well as possible the new needs that may develop." Governor Youngdahl's principal opposition will come from two can- ther W. Youngdahl today filed forldidates in the Democratic-Farmer ALSOP Cites Suggestion He said that two months ahead of us, we will be confront- led by problems more serious than ago I any in our lives. My hope and WEATHER when he first offered the proposal [prayer is that I may be able to jfor I out though it might be a long- time) Two U. S. representatives L, reorganizing the U. N. with-j contribute to the solution of these the Russians "it looked asiproblems." L FORECAST before the world would realize this! Mendel Rivers and Joseph R. Bry- vicinity Clearingiinevitable necessity." won renomination. Bepresen- FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and and cooler tonight: lowest 58. i At that Thursday generally fair and cool; land U. N. officials "unanimously highest 76. ;and loudly denounced" the plan, LOCAL WEATHER said. Official observations for the 24; Appraising: this nation's experi- state cjepartmentjtative James B.- Hare faced a run- hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 93: minimum. noon. 72: precipitation, .80: ;ence in the last two world declared: sun' "Both wars proved that we can- sets tonight at sun rises to-.not change ideas in the minds of men and races with machine guns or battleships." morrow at Additional weather on Page 10. off with Former Representative W. J. Bryan Dorn and Representative Hugo S. Sims, Jr., faced a run- off with Former Representative John J. Riley, Neither had a ma- jority. Representatives James P. Rich- ards and John L. McMillan were unopposed and automatically re- nominated. re-election on the Republican ticket. He filed his application for a third term just before he left with two other members of the state pardon board for Stillwater to interview in- mates seeking clemency. "In filing for governor." the chief executive said, "I wish to take the opportunity to express my appre- ciation for the massages of good will and support that have come to me from many parts of the state emphasizing the importance of con- tinuing the honesty and humanity in government which we have had in recent years in our state. "Many want to be assured that our new mental health program, our youth conservation program, vi- gorous law enforcement, and the other advantages will go on. "I wish' to say that, if elected, I will do my utmost to carry forward ertheless attacking with discipline, the Reds rode into the American positions. "My machine gun was knocked 19 and 26 years old and classified l-A because of lack of dependents physical condition and such. You'I get the first call if you are the related Private Robert Reed (man nearest 26 on'the board's list. of Michigan City, Ind. "A companion on the trip to the dropping on my position got my (induction center will be the man assistant, my medic andltwo rifle-jnext oldest. men. I got a carbine. That was shoti Even a single day counts. For right out of my hands, I got an! instance, a man born on July 15 M-l rifle. I was moving down before a man on July 16 the creek when the M-l was shot outjsarne year. officials haven't de- and expand the gains already achieved and endeavor to meet as Labor ranks Harry H. Peterson, former justice of the Minnesota su- preme court who is the endorsed! candidate of the D-FL party, and I Charles L. Halsted of Brainerd, who was the party's standard-bearer j against Youngdahl in 1948. When Youngdahl announced on May 27 that he would run again for governor, he outlined 18- point program on which he will campaign. The governor then stressed that he "feels it, is imperative that we take steps during the coining two years to consolidate the Important gains we have achieved and make further advances in the effort to meet more fully the needs of the people." In his plank calling for adequate support for schools, YoungdahJ said he would oppose attempts to abari- don the dedication of the income tax for common school purposes. cided yet what to do in case of several men born on the same day. After your 26th birthday you're out of the race under the present law. Here's how the draft works: National headquarters assigns state quotas in proportion to the number of each state's l-A regis- trants. State headquarters does the same among local toards. of my hands, too. Overwhelmed by hordes of Com- munist soldiers, the Americans re- treated. Senate Drops FEPCBill Washington The Senate today killed off all chances for ac- tion this session on the administra- tion's controversial Pair Employ- ment Practices commission bill. The vote on a petition for cloture the motion of Senator Democratic Leader Lu-l cas of Illinois to bring the bill be-jThe Navy and Air Force are re- fore Senate was 55 to 33. This was I ported to be still relying on volun-j state and fede- ral governments may make to such projects. The possibilities for new coastruc- tion are Mr. Effertz said, "but the amount that can be levied in any one year is limited by what the county can afford to spend." Seven-Mill Levy Asked His budget report to the board in- cluded the recommendation for a seven-mill levy, intead of 15 mills, although commissioners had agreed to that levy before he presented the budget. The seven-mill levy re- ceived unanimous support. Some 20 residents of the county :rom communities and farms other than tie city of Winona were jresent 'when the tabled the >ills from the city of Winona and Saratoga township, submitted under the state law which provides thai? wlitical subdivisions may submit bills to the county for 75 per cent of the relief costs after the revenue produced by one mill. James Stewart, Rollingscone town- hip, spokesman for the group, said hat the United-States had "fought wo wars for democracy." v.uaiUS1. Commissioner Teofil Pellowskl It will take about three weeks to interrupted, "Yes, and now he's induct the first draftees, about 60 sending the boys in without any- days for the full to reach camp. Prospective draftees get physi- cal examinations. If they are fit, notices of "acceptance" are mail- ed. Recipients cannot be drafted until 2J days after these notices are received. Then they're off to the Army. nine less than 64 required to enforce teers to meet their a limit on debate. Ineeds. an apparent reference to the Korean situation. Mr. Stewart continued, "We're a lot closer to Socialism than a lot of people think." He then asked that the board table the payment at least tempor- arily so that the Minnesota lature at its 1951 session can be asked to change the law. Chairman Carl Goetzman der 'manpower! (Continued on Pace 3, Column 7} I COUNTY ;