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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 9, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair, Somewhat Warmer Tonight And Thursday Band Concert Tonight Lake Park VOLUME 52, NO. 121 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JULY 9, 1952 TWENTY-TWO PAGES TODAY Fine Goes All Out For Ike By JOSEPH and STEWART ALSO? CHICAGO Even before this madhouse began its peculiar course, the Eisenhower forces had got the big break they were wait- ing for. The time was after mid- night, the place the hotel room of Michigan National Committeeman Arthur Summerfield. The break was -a firm agreement between Summerfield and .Gov. John Fine of Pennsylvania that they would throw then: combined support to psychological moment. Perhaps the existence of this Fine-Summerfield agreement may become public property before these words are printed, although it was still a close-kept secret when they were written. Events are moving fast and confusingly here. It will be a heavy blow to the hopes of Sen. Robert A. Taft when Fine and Summerfield lead the majority of the two biggest of- ficially uncommitted delegations into the 'Eisenhower camp. But perhaps Sen. Taft will come up with a counter-blow of his own. Interesting Background In any event, the background of this Fine-Summerfield agreement is vividly interesting. In the case of Summerfield, his "uncommit- ted" status has been strictly for public and Taftite consumption ev- er since Gen. Eisenhower's visit to Detroit. As tho general departed Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge ar- rived in Detroit, saw Summer- field, and got the word he wanted. Thereafter, behind the shield of his supposed neutral- ity, Summerfield was in fact at work lining up the maximum of Michigan's 46 delegates for Gen. Eisenhower. Taft Yields 13 uisiana Votes Fine Urges GOP To Unite, Drive Out Democrats CHICAGO Gov. John S. Fine today urged Re- publicans to unite and defeat the Democrats who he said are more interested in votes than in democracy. Fine, a key figure in the Taft-Eisenhower battle for the GOP presidential nomination, mentioned neither of those arch-rivals by Kefauver Industry Seizure Proposal Hits Both Sides EVELETH, Minn. tfi-Sen. Estes Kefauver ef Tennessee says he fav- ors an industry seizure law that would hit both sides to any labor dispute, such as the present na- tion-wide steel strike. name in his prepared address to the party's convention. Both Gen. Dwight Eisenhower and Sen. Robert Taft of Ohio have been wooing 'Fine and the 70-vote delegation he largely controls. It is now listed 24 Battle Hearing Climax in Big Convention Hall Ike Conceal Tension Behind Mask of Optimism Eisenhower and nine uncommit- ted. One member predicted it would go 55 for Eisenhower and Fine didn't challenge this. Fine, believed leaning to Eisen- hower, said he would announce how he stands at a Pennsylvania caucus called after his talk. In general, Fine's prepared speech attacked the Democrats' By RELMAN MORIN CHICAGO The battle of Chi- cago is nearing a climax now. These are the last, desperate hours for Sen. Taft and Gen. Ei- gely contrms. it senhower and fre men wno tor Taft, 37 for j are down on the firing line. They con- ceal the tension, with varying de- grees of success, behind a mask of optimism. Time is running out for both sides. And the space for maneuver has narrowed to a thin edge. This is the last paragraph in a strange chapter in American pol- record, deplored what he called I I itics. the years of "political 1 The storv behind it is a story I doldrums" and "declared: i of months, and in fact years, of The law I have in mind would Democratic administra-1 Political strategy, counter ma- make industrial shutdowns un- profitable for both management and labor, thus providing the in- centive to keep both parties at the bargaining the Democratic candidate said here said President Tru- tions have been more concerned accident. with expanding a captive elector-1 A week ago at this time, some presidential last night. Kefauver man was right in not invoking the ews of democracy." He called for a united Republi- can front to "turn the Democrats out and save America." Fine led off a list of convention speakers which also included Sen. Joseph McCarthy of Wisconsin; Taft-Hartley Law against the steel) Patrick J. Hurley, GOP Senate strikers "because that act puts Of late, Summerfield's inclina- pressure on only one The Tennesseean, accompanied _ tions have become a more and more open secret. In the case of by his wife, Nancy, spoke to an Fine, on the other hand, all has estimated at the Eveleth Hip- been mystery, doubt and specula- podrome in the finale of his three- tion and the case of Fine has been, day visit to Minnesota. Later, his even more important than the case speciai plane carried the Kefau. Vti wyviOT-Fmlrt e-insta i r vers to Chicago. Mayor Peter Kerze extended the greetings of the Iron Range to the visitors and Kefauver was introduc- ed by State Sen. Thomas Vukelich of Gilbert. State Rep. Richard Sil- vola of Virginia acted as master of ceremonies. his own remark, "I'm being! Earlier, at a dinner meeting at Chisholm, Kefauver said from his observation of the convention un- der way in Chicago that "the Re- publicans are trying to turn the calendar back 50 years." "The principal trouble is the Re- publicans don't recognize that the American people are really enjoy- ing Kefauver said afr of Summerfield, since Pennsylvan- ia has no less than 70 delegates, of whom many more than a third are either controlled or strongly influ- enced by the governor. Pressure on The result of Gov. Fine's con- trol of this large bloc of uncom- mitted votes was best summed up in kind of wooed." Both the Eisen- hower and Taft camps did every- thing in their power to bring the governor over to their sides. Men- tions of cabinet places, hints of the vice presidency, the most iron- clad promises of control over all Pennsylvania patronage these were the commonplaces of Fine's pre-eonvention weeks. The Eisenhower people went far as to ask Gov. Fine's old friend and more recent en- emy. Sen. James Duff, to cede to the governor his senatorial patronage powers. They also suggested that Gov. Fine placa Gen. Eisenhower in nomina- tion, thus giving him the al- ways envied opportunity to ap- pear in the golden role of kingmaker. The Taft people, meanwhile, re- lied heavily on the influence over Fine attributed to General of the Army Douglas MacArthur. Some days before the convention opened, Fine was summoned to MacAr- thur's redoubt in the Waldorf-As- nominee from New Mexico; Her- bert Warburton of Delaware, chairman of the Young Republi- N3tinal 3nd were far from cheerful about his chances of winning the Republican presidential nomination. Well.Planned Drive They were bucking a long and well-planned Taft campaign that started months before Eisenhower officially entered the race. A ma- jority of Republican national com- mitteemen and committeewomen were staunchly behind the senator, j He had a firm grip on large chunks Former President Herbert Hoover smiles to a thunderous welcome as he took the rostrum for what may be his address to a Re- publican National Convention at the fourth ses- sion of the GOP conclave in Chicago. Hoover lashed out at the "New Deal" and "Fair Deal" administrations of the last 20 years, labeling Hoover Rips Democrats them "assassins of freedom." He called for unity in his party and advocated increased air- power as the least expensive and most powerful way to maintain peace for America. Behind him stands Temporary Chairman Walter Hal- lanan. Assails 'Phantom Army' Being Built in Europe to Stop Reds By WARREN ROGERS JR. CHICAGO if, Herbert Hoover bid farewell to Republican hold that office, attacked the Dem- ocratic administration with a vigor that belied his 77 years. His calm statements at the out- convention delegates last night set and at tte end of te speech_ tional committee. Mrs. Mayes blamed the Demo- crats for failing to control infla- tionary trends and to end the Ko- rean conflict. Saying she spoke as a mother, Mrs. Mayes declared a Republican election victory would 'deliver us from these evils." Warburton appealed organization. His top people to work for a Republican ,'ictory "to build a greater nation, men had been operating effectively in the field. And all of this had been trans- lated, through the veins and arter- ies of party organization, into dele- votes for Taft. To counter it, Eisenhower's lieutenants were hammering hard at the "Taft-can't-win" theme. It to young went out m countless thousands of with a plea to rip away the Demo- crats' "plush curtain" at home and salvage "lost statesmanship" abroad. Hoover, the only living ex-Presi- dent and the last Republican to that he did not expect to address another GOP convention because of "the inexorable course of na- ture" were met with roared contenders for Republican presi- dential nomination. But his firmly- worded viewpoint on foreign policy hewed close to that of Ohio's Sen. Robert A. Taft and collided, rough- ly at points, with that of Gen. Move to Gain Strength for Floor Showdown Ike Men Pleased; Claim No Deal Made in Fight BULLETIN CHICAGO W) The 'resolu- tions committee of the Repub- lican convention agreed today upon a compromise 1952 plat- form .after more than six of continuous debate. BULLETIN CHICAGO Chairman Ross Rizleyxif the Credentials Committee said today "there is talk of a .ise" of the Taft-Eisenhower dispute over 38 Texas delegates to the Republican convention. He made that comment to report- ers during a committee recess of its hearings on the Re- publican National Committee's finding that gave 33.' votes to Taft and 16 to Eisenhower. By JACK BELL CONVENTION HALL, Chicago Backers of Sen. Robert A. Taft, in a surprise strategy move today yielded 13 contested Louisiana Dwight D. Eisenhower. No Retreat Convention to Gen. Dwigbt D. Ei- senhower. In a maneuver interpreted as an effort to gain support for the Taft side in a showdown floor battle on disputed delegates, Taft backers on the Credentials Committee in- itiated and supported the Louisiana He mentioned neither of the top "A phantom army" was the tag move. (Hoover applied to the divisions a-1 Backers of Eisenhower made it fathers and insure the future of our children." Australia Loaned 50 Million Dollars WASHINGTON Wl The World the gathering of 200 in the Tibroc Bank announced yesterday a 20- Hotel. messages, verbal and written, to! delegates, potential delegates and plain voters all over the country. Taft still says, "It's the only argu- ment they have against me." His counter contentions, natu- rally, also were deluging the voters throughout the land. And both sides t urged people to write their repre-iin his tear-filled eyes, has been Hoover Weeps as GOP Delegates Shout Acclaim CONVENTION HALL, Chicago Lffl i was white. His voice, never dra- Let's leave politics out of matic, groped for a word now and if you can imagine such a thing fJ1' He had just a little trouble read- at a national party convention. jing words his addresSi w. The man who stood there, with rolling before him in big letters the glare of the spotlights reflected on a revolving paper roll. Maybe it was the burning glare building in the Allied defense pro-! clear quickly and emphatically gram launched under Eisenbow-1 that they had made no deal with er's leadership. Hoover called for the Taft" people, a powerful Air Force to "restore Wesley Roberts, one of the chief the advantage of military initiative; Eisenhower strategists, told a re- to frequent Taft thesis. j porter the anticipated floor fight "I do not propose that we today over other contested into our shell like a Hoover' delegates will go on as scheduled, said. "I do propose the deadly re- lka Leader Pleased prisal strategy of a rattlesnake." SeD- Cabot He accused the Democrats, in ofe Hoo's grandeur of the people Jr., campaign manager, a statement express- ing pleasure over the committee Sen. Eisenhower "Just so there can be no misun- (by) the drip, drip, drip from dis- j derstanding, however, I want to nrtnnT" in Hirrh n sentatives, telling them how tojacclaimed anc! reviied lovpd anri e beating down from vote and whom to support. !the the Vast Conven- support. Then, on May 27, the Texas state year, 50-million-dollar loan to Aus- i convention took place at Mineral "And how could they make thatltralia to finance purchases of Wells. That issue is being fought recognition when there never was equipment needed to develop that out now in this convention. It is a country's mining, transportation, pivotal point in the whole battle power and farm industries. very much enjoyment in the nation while the GOP was in By RICHARD P. POWERS Chicago of the four Minnesota delegates to the Republi- over delegates. Work on Big States Eisenhower's aides also were concentrating heavily on states like California, Pennsylvania, Mi- chigan, Minnesota and Maryland where the majority of delegates are either backing "favorite sons" or are uncommitted. That was the situation as of a week ago. Two tilings happened then, and they both helped Eisenhower's po- inur s reaouoi in me waiaort can convention pledged to Dwight D. Eisenhower reiterated today a I sition. One was the national com- toria He was not consulted about i prediction the general would win the presidential nomination not later j mittce decision to ban television LUild. jne I1UL CUHsUHCU dUUUl f nourcT-AMc MacArthur's keynote previously reported but he was j certainly exposed for three hours to the general's majestic persua- sions. Not Influenced the third ballot. He ls Archie Pease of Anoka' who rePOTters: agQ I fflade a Uttle wager ftat Eisenhower would win on the third ballot or before, and I am not changing it. It is my sincere hope that he will have the Interestingly e n o u g'h, neither tion support of the Minnesota delega- hower forces wiu score a net tinrt Ktf tVlof ftTHA p jn _ i __.! jl j' cameras, and micro- tine phones from the scene of the con- tests on delegate seating. The other was the GOP governors' resolution on a critical convention rule. Taft says he previously advised I tion Hall. He was perhaps the most power-1 Or maybe it was a mist that ful man in the world once. He was sometimes clouded his eyes. President of the United States. He spoke a second time of what But last night, a score of years must come, telling the intent dele- out of office, he was an old man who knew that before many more years passed he was going to leave this world. Herbert Hoover, 77, spoke calmly enough of the prospect. "This is the fifth he said, "I have had the high honor of addressing the conventions of the Republican party. "In the inexorable course of na- gates it was "my last address to ture, this is likely to be the last I broke. Then at the end of his speech, the only living ex-President said it again: "This is most likely the last time I will have the honor of attending your conventions." shouted the delegates again. And this time Hoover's voice honor in high places. make it perfectly clear that the time I shall attend your conven- tions." There was a roar of "No" from the delegates, but Hoover hurried man with things to say. a fight to carry on, while there was yet time. He stood erect. His sparse hair MacArthur's persuasions nor the Twenty-four of the delegates are V- HI VIA O OHIAOIVJ.1.3 11U1 VUC I big public appointments dangled 1 pledged to former Minnesota.Gov. before John Fine seem to have in- fluenced him in the least. He thinks MacArthur would make an ideal president but he does not believe MacArthur can be nom- inated. As for great appointments, Fine does not want them. He is that rare bird, a genuinely local poli- tician. He wants to rule in Penn- sylvania. He regards the Pennsylvan- ia governorship as the second most important job in the na- tion because, next to the Presi- dent, the Pennsylvania gover- nor appoints the largest num- ber of office-holders. Natural- ly, then, Gov. Pine had to be clear where he stood with po- litical organization matters be- fore he made his decision for Eisenhower. At the same time, what really made up his mind was his convic- tion that Gen. Eisenhower was most likely to win. Perhaps it Harold E. Stassen on the first bal- lot. But they are not committed to continue with him time of "46 committee_he had no objection PtCks Up Taft Vote seating the contested delegates I to televising the hearings. from Texas, and Georg- j But t h_e Eisenhower camp ia is finally settled some time to- day. Thye Stands Sen. -Edward J. Thye stood throughout one long session at Con- p a s t that vention Hall. The reason: He gave unless he his floor seat to should get 10 per the Rev. Joseph .....K- cent of the vote. Simonson That is not seen in the cards. Most of the 28 are potential Eis- enhower support- H. Stassen ers. But the tug of loyalty to Stassen may pre- vent that being shown even on the second there is a second ballot. No Change Planned With the nominating speeches scheduled for tonight, there was no apparent change in the plans of the Minnesota group to cast 24 votes for Stassen and four for Eis- enhower on the first ballot, and then to. caucus on the floor to of the National Luther- an Council of New York, who had given the invoca tion at an earlier session but was unable then to find a seat. John Hartle of Owatonna, speak- er of the Minne- sota House o f Represents- would have been different if the I decide what to do. ancient and malodorous Republi-1 A strong showing by either Eis- enhower or Sen. Robert A. Taft on that first roll call is likely to dictate the strategy for the suc- ceeding ballot, "As long as Stassen has a fight- ing chance, I think that most of those pledged to him may stick with him on the second Pease said. "But I just think that Eisenhower has the best chance." Ancher Nelson of Hutchinson said he does not believe the Minnesota delegation "will make any hasty advance moves." P. Kenneth Peterson of Minne- apolis said he believes the Eisen- can organization had not been de- feated in Philadelphia two years ago. Since that defeat, however, Pennsylvania Republican politi- cians have had to worry a lot about whether they could carry their own state. Among the delegates, among the Pennsylvania county leaders, among the members of the Penn- sylvania legislature, Fine found a great majority convinced that Gen, Eisenhower was the most like- ly man to win nationally and to help the ticket locally in Pennsyl- vania. tives, told a re- Sen- rhYe porter that if neither Eisenhower nor Taft wins by the third or fourtlsj ballot, "then I believe another can- didate may step in." He said a try might then be made by those supporting Gov. Earl Warren ol California before any serious consideration would be, _ given to Stassen. egate contests. Carrying all the Hartle said he did not believe of 23 governors-and two later to make it urged the national committee to claimed a Taft-dominated national committee voted out the cameras. During the arguments on that question, Eisenhower committee- men asked the other side: "What are you afraid of? What have you got to Some of the delegates were an- noyed because they had not been able to watch the hearings. One of Taft's top aides says now: "They (the Eisenhower people) have done a good job of capitaliz- ing on this." Eisenhower's advisers noted last November that the governors' con- ference in Houston would coincide with the meetings of the national committee here. Governors Favor Ike Most of the 25 governors favor Eisenhower. A resolution was planned in November to be mainly on the theme of "ethics in the as Gov. Dan Thornton of Colorado describes it now. But with a red-hot fight develop- ing in Chicago, Thornton says, the resolution that came out was to the specific issue of del- ing" poison people. "They are the shades of Mus- solini, with his bureaucratic fas- cism; of Karl Marx, and his so- cialism; and of Lord Keynes, with his perpetual government spend- ing, deficits and inflation." The Democrats' domestic plan of these, plus "give-away programs" added to "the lost statesman- ship" of dealing with Communism freedom the dominant issue of the election, Hoover said. "This election may well be the last chance for survival of freedom in he Declared. Hoover's appearance at the packed Convention Hail set off a tumultous ovation. It far eclipsed in volume and length the one ac- Tr. corded the night before to Gen. His Up trembled and, finally, he Douglas MacArthur, the conven-' "Behind this plush curtain of tax i Eisenhower forces will not accept and Hoover said, "three! any 'deals' or compromises on the sinister spooks or ghosts are mix- contested delegations." Thomas E. Coleman, floor man- for hosts are mix- the American It wasn't steady as he finished, feeling for words, coping with the waves of applause that rolled up to the speaker's podium. wept when GOP National Chair- man Guy Gabrielson gave him a gold medal on behalf of the con- vention. The delegates gave him tion's keynote speaker. While the organ boomed and the j crowd roared, Hoover stood smiling j and shiny-eyed on the floodlighted rostrum. One delegation after an-j Alvin Lane Tc.ras Ike Leader Gen. Douglas MacArthur added to his own chances by his keynote speech Monday night, comment- ing: "It was a little bit flat, pos- sibily due to expecting too much in advance." Rep. Walter Judd of Minneapo- lis, an alternate delegate, will speak to the convention tonight, along with Rep, Katharine St. George of New York and Sen. Har- ry P. Cain of Washington, accept the Eisenhower position, as against Taft's. Thornton says he personally per- suaded Gov. J. Bracken Lee of Taft sign the resolution. It hit the Taft headquarters lika a ton of bricks and doubtless had a heavy impact on many of the delegates. I speaker at this 25th convention has CHICAGO Iffl _ Gen. Douglas even Gen- Douglas MacArthur picked up a vote from a Taft bloc of delegates from West Virginia last night. Former State Sen. McGinnis Hat- field of Welch said he would vote for the general on the first con- vention roll call. a whistling, shouting, and! ager for Taft' als9 said there was demonstration such as no other rnarched through the aisles__the I no Eisenhower forces After the first few minutes, Hoov- er scarely seemed to hear it. No man could say to what re- cesses his mind had temporarily the past, or to the inex- orable future, first such mass demonstration of the giant gathering. on the contested delegates. Coleman told a reporter: "This is exactly what the Cre- vocal tributes: "An outstanding speech by I the Louisiana case. We expect to a I support the Credentials Commit- great said Sen. Wil-j tee's report all of the way before liam Knowland of California. "I the convention, even in cases where think he raised some grave is against us." tions which are of concern to all j Lodge, noting that the commit- our people." j tee next would take up the Texas Mrs. Edward Pettibon, left, is overjoyed by the victory of her husband, center, as Mrs. Doris Boudreaux weeps tears of happi- .ness today in Chicago after the Republican credentials com- mittee awarded contested delegate convention seats to Pettibon- and 12 other Eisenhower supporters from Louisiana. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) Sen. William Jenner of Indiana said: "A great American spoke from his heart. The country will heed his words of-wisdom or we are lost." Hoover's address was punctuated with rhetorical ques- drawing yelled an- swers from the delegates. He charged the Democrats lost the peace, so bitterly won in World War II, .by appeasement of the Communists. He said the admin- istration sent legions of men and billions of dollars to Europe and the Orient, but has failed to halt Communism. "Gen. MacArthur well said that in war there is no substitute for Hoover said and, at an- other point: 'The effective deterrent which; American resources can contribute is not bayonets against overwhelm- ing land forces but the expansion of air power and navies to make up a great striking force Gov. Howard Pyle of Arizona followed Hoover to the speakers' stand. He accused "the little men at the top" of misleading the Uni- ted States away from the lessons of the founding fathers. case involving 38 seats, declared: "We will insist that the commit- tee recognize the legaUy-elected Eisenhower slate." The GOP National Committee last week accepted a Taft compro- (Continued on Page 19, Column 5.) CONVENTION WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Fair and somewhat warmer tonight and Thursday. Low tonight 62, high Thursday 90. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, S3; 57; ecipitation, none; sun at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 79'at a.m., 55 at a.m.. Noon direction south-southwest, 22 miles per hour; clouds feet, broken; visibility 15 miles. Humidity 68, barometer 29.95, falling. Additional weather on page 19. ;