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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 8, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Cloudy Tonight, Sunday; Continued Warm Baseball .Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 120 FIVE CENTS PER COPY W1NONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 8, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES Reds Win Chonan in New Thrust Hoarders Attention! Better Buy Butter Washington The gov- ernment is seeking a way to dis- pose of pounds of surplus butter stored up under farm price support programs. These stocks have tripled dur- ing the last 12 months and they promise to get even larger. Agriculture department offi- ciaJs have, in their own words, been scratching their heads for an acceptable method of getting rid of the butter. It represents a government outlay of more than and about 45 days' consumer requirements. The butter is being bought under law requiring the depart- ment to support dairy product prices. Stocks owned by the govern- ment represent production in excess of the quantity consumers will buy at support prices. The government support price is 60 cents a pound. There are certain legislative and economic limits to what the government can do with the butter. It cannot legally sell it 'for less than cost unless Jt is in danger of spoiling. The department could decide that the least the old- est portion of its in such danger. But there is a seri- ous question whether such ac- tion would improve the situa- tion. Unless consumers ate more butter, the government would find itself buying one pound of new butter from current produc- tion for every pound sold from its stocks. Army to Run Strike-Bound Rock Island Truman Orders Seizure of Railroad In National Emergency! Named U. N. Commander Communists Denied N. A. Membership St. National Education association, the nation's largest professional organization with some members, has decided to bar Communists from membership. The action was taken at the concluding session of a five-day con- vention yesterday by "an almost unanimous vote." Officers of the asso- In an amendment to its by-laws 'the teachers' organization 'bannec TODAY- Forrestal Tried to Warn U.S. By Joseph and Stewart Alsop is instructive to look back now, from the grim viewpoint of the Korean war, upon the moment when the final trage- dy of James V. Forrestal was act- ed out upon the sordid Washington uniform school attendance laws re- BULLETI.V Chicago Francis A. O'Neill of the National (rail- way) Mediation board said to- day the striking switchmen's union has refused to send its men back to work "on the basis of the government's seizure or- der as it presently exists." Tru- man today ordered seizure of the strike-bound Rock Island railroad and directed the Army to run it for the government. Government seizure is ''impera- tive" in view of the strike by the switchmen's union to protect the national defense and security of the nation, Mr. Truman said. The President acted in the face of a proposal from the strikers which the union 'said may "dis- pose of our dispute." The union elation refused to disclose exact proposal, reported in Chicago, was figures on the secret ballot. not made public. Return to Job Urged In a statement issued with his Communists or members of "any organization that advocates chang- ing tie form of government of the United States by any means not provided in the constitution of the United States." I The New York teachers union, local 555, earlier withdrew from N.E.A., protesting the proposed change in by-laws as an attack on academic freedom. The association also opposed fed- eral aid to parochial schools, adopt- ing a resolution on a voice vote after a minority warned action might endanger legislation for fed- eral aid to education at this session of Congress. The teachers urged states adopt seizure order, Mr, Truman called on every employe to return to his job and added: "T call upon the officers of the Switchmen's Union of North Amer- ica and such other labor organ- izations as may be affected to take appropriate action to keep their] members at work." The switchmen had called Iheir strike against four other large Western and Midwestern railroads. They kept the walkout in force against the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific, however, and there have been threats that other Washington President Truman today named General Douglas MacArthur command- ing general of the United Na- tions forces in Korea. Acting- under a U, N. secur- ity council resolution, Mr. Tru- man also directed MacArthur to use the U. N.'s blue and flag, along with the flags of the participating nations, in operations against the Commu- nist troops of North Korea. The security council at a meeting at Lake Success, N. Y., yesterday authorized a uni- fied command of U. N. forces under the United States. The council asked the V. S. to name a supreme comman- der. MacArthur thus becomes the first military leader to com- mand unified forces of the 59- nation world organization, n Defense Item Biggest in U. S. Appropriations By Oliver DeWolf Senate ap- propriations committee appearec ready today to send a money bill to the off Senate early next week. Draft Offices Expected to Reopen Soon No Official Notification Received Here NORTH KQKHA The committee completed action on the spending items of the bulky bill which will finance virtually all federal agencies during the year which started July 1 in an all-day session yesterday. unions also would declare strikes I Some slight revisions were pos- stage. Who now remembers how Forrestal's successor as secretary of defense used to explain that the first sign of "poor Jim's break- down" was Forrestal's desire to spend so much upon defense? Who now recalls the charming hints that Forrestal was insanely fear- ful of the Soviets? Yet the real tragedy of James Forrestal was not that his heart and strength broke at last; under quiring children to attend school until they are 18 or until they graduate from high school, sup- ported the decision of the United States and the United Nations se- curity council to fight aggression in Korea, and, in an amendment of by-laws, voted to meet hereafter only in cities which offer a against the line. The walkouts began June 25 over the men's demand for a five- day week with the same pay they get for the present six-day week. The union had rejected a presi- dential fact-finding board's recom- sible today. 'The' committee called another meeting to work out a plan to make even deeper cuts in the budget through restrictions on the personnel, travel and other allow- ances of executive agencies. The figure agreed upon includes mendation for an 18 cent hourly in cash, and pay boost and a 40-hour week. InjflOO.OOO in contract authority his order Mr. Truman directed about a slash in Pres- that the wages and conditions in jident Truman's request for force at of strike (ooo.OOO for the 1951 fiscal year. continue in effect. He did not, how- "maximum degree of equality" bar ,any setUement D VM1Y1, p the heavy burden of his work and the "strain of perpetual calumny. The real tragedy of Forrestal was' that he failed in his task itself, when he failed, in November, 1948, to make the President grasp the need for a serious defense effort. This was the turning point, when we took the road that had led us, inexorably and inescapably, to Ko- rea. housing and feeding its members. During the convention here, Ne- gro delegates were housed in pri- vate homes or Negro hotels. Most might make new terms and con- ditions retroactive when a final settlement is reached. Holds Strike Unjustified The President on Thursday call- St. Louis restaurants do not serve ied the strike unjustified and Negroes. In any inquest upon this Kreat error of American pol- icy, one must bear in mind the political atmosphere of the time, which is symbolized by conservative Republicans vot- inc the straight Communist party lini! on foreign and de- fense measures. But in any sach inquest, the primary blame must be placed upon the responsible leaders of the ad- Wisconsin Draft Board Awaits Call Madison, Wis. Any an- nouncement of Wisconsin's draft program would be held up until receipt of more details from Wash- ington, state selective service head- quarters said today. Wisconsin's activity would hinge on receipt of word concerning the! _ _ size of the call and the speed with which it is to be carried out, Colonel threatened drastic action but, un- til today, the nature of such ac- ition was not revealed. The other Junes the Chicago Great West- jern, Great Northern, Denver and jPacific now are getting rolling I again. Government mediators failed in their efforts last night at bringing about an end to the walkout which began June 25. The National (railway) Media- tion board asked the A.F.L. Switchmen's union, for a third time, to go back on the job while their wage and hour- quarrel was negotiated. ministration, who were too tim- JBentley Courtenay, state director, id or too stupid to tell the country the truth, and then to challenge the Republican par- ty-liners to do their worst. isaid. began cln bea er precisely dated. As early as 1947, Forrestal and Robert A." Lov- ett had seen the urgent need to back up our policy of firmness to- wards Soviet aggression with solid military strength. After the Czech coup d'etat, an emergency build- up of American strength was ini- tiated by with the Presi- dent's approval. By the summer of 1948, when the Atlantic pact was born in the minds of Lovett, Por- restal and Senator Arthur H. Van- denberg, plans were being made to continue this build-up of strength in an orderly, continuous manner. HAD THOSE PLANS OP FOR- RESTAL'S BEEN CARRIED OUT, THERE CAN BE NO DOUBT WHATEVER THAT THE KREM- LIN WOULD NEVER HAVE DAR- ED TO LAUNCH THE ATTACK ON KOREA. HAD THOSE PLANS BEEN CARRIED OUT. WE SHOULD BY NOW POSSESS A POWERFUL ARMAMENT, IN- STEAD OP BEING TERRZPYTNG- LY WEAK AND APPALLINGLY I DEFICIENT IN MANY OF THEi MOST CRITICAL WEAPONS, HAD I THOSE PLANS BEEN CARRIED! OUT. THERE WOULD BE NO NEED TO WORRY TODAY ABOUT HOW TO DETER A REP- ETITION OF THE KOREAN ATTACK SOMEWHERE ELSE, WHEN ALL THE POOR POWER! OF THIS COUNTRY HAS BEEN I COMMITTED IN THE ROUGH KOREAN HILLS. There was nothing unbear- able, moreover, in the nation- al effort that Forrestal pro- (Continucd on Page. 9, Column 4) ALSOP I "Wisconsin's draft machinery is engineered like it was in the latter part of he said, "operating [according to call figures at that union, said the strike committee would be called into session at once to consider the seizure order and the union's decision. He said there Would be no com- ment until he had contacted Ar- thur Glover, the union president, and members of the strike com- While the Senate bill is about higher than the approved by the House, any exact comparison is difficult. The House did not include foreign aid spending, a supplemental mili- tary request and several lesser items which are contained in the senate version. Neither bill contains money for fixed expenditures such as the in- terest on the public debet, which the mark. item in the bill i for the defense lishment. This compared with the originally asked by the administration, and the voted by the House before receiving the supplemental re- quest. The defense establishment also rot in contract auth President Truman's decision to draft men for the armed forces undoubtedly, mean the reopening of the Winona county {draft board office and the other county draft board offices in South- eastern Minnesota. J. R. Chappell, chairman of the Winona county board, said he hadi received no official notification, but' the state selective service direc- tor said in St. Paul that plans were to open the draft offices. .Winona's recruiting offices and Reserve armory were swamped yesterday and today with calls from men inquiring about the draft, the status of Reservists and enlistment possibilities. Captain Lucian Grupa. com- manding Company A of ihe Na- -ional Guard, had calls, too, from lis men as unfounded rumors swept the city that the Guard and Reserv- sts had been called to active duty. The facts: 1. The President has given the armed forces power to use selective service to acquire up to about a half million men, between their 19th and 26th j birthdays, for up to 21 months' j service. j 2. But the Defense depart- ment hopes to get by, at least initially, without actually using, the draft authority. Said an Ar- my spokesman: "H strengths are met without use of selective service, we'll be very He was referring to voluntary enlistments. 3. No decision has been made to call up the National Guard or Reservists, but arm- ed forces officials were quot- ed as saying, "we W'U wel- come- Reserves with, open arms." 4. Officials apparently will rely first on voluntary enlist- ments, then the draft, if neces- sary, and finally, the Reserv- ists and the Guard. The facts on the draft: As before, all males must regis-Uquipment that has not yet been ter on reaching- their t th f1 ht__ h d until they are :ate 6 P- m- toniSht- This Map High Spots the Korean situation after two weeks of conflict which started June 25 with North Koreans moving south- ward across the 38th parallel. Reds on basis of latest reports ap- pear to have penetrated into an area representing almost one-third of South Korea. Chonan, 60 miles south of the Red-held South Korean capital of Seoul, represented deepest penetration of South Korean defenses as of midday. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Weary, Pull Back Glum G. in Korea By O. H. P. King At the Korean Front Near Chonan American troops retreated today. They appeared weary, glum, nervous and angry as they pulled southward several miles. They cursed the absence of heavier artillery, tanks and air- craft, Their anger seemed born of de- termination to turn the tide of thej North Korean invasion and turn it quickly. There were some encouragingj signs. Greatest of these was the! 'presence of American military service: 21 months. The local situation: THE DRAFT nona and other Fresh men also arrived in the (general area to replace the weary Japan to Add Men to Police Forces Tokyo General MacAr- nesota counties are now register-1 drav''n several hours earlier. ing with volunteer registrars at various points. Records are kept at the area office at Rochester. County boards meet at intervals and classify them. The Winona county board is composed of Mr. Chappell, Frank Allen and George McQuire. Mr. Chappell said that ;he board has been "liberal" in granting- classifications other than 1-A, but "that could be changed quickly." Area Office The area office was closed to- ority in the Senate bill. This is usual on it authority to contract for purchases j could not be learned how many up to that amount which will be registrants are in Winona county said for out of later appropria-'or how many of them are 1-A. i No men have been inducted Those who pulled back first were in orderly formations, but those who came later crossed rice pad- dies or sped pell-mell in vehicles. Hours after the pull-back, no enemy troops had followed the en- tire distance of the retreat. During the American retirement, an artillery battle raged. Shells from American positions swished overhead, and North Korean fire roared back. The enemy fire caused few casualties. tions. The second largest cash item was set aside for the independent offices, including the veterans administration, which re- ceives more than of the total. The amount requested was a cut of nearly thur today moved to protect his military rear by authorizing the Japanese to add a to" SO serve to their police force and heavy guns'11" 000 to their coast guard. m tho Yanks Await Fresh Troops, More Armor MacArthur Reports Capture of 60-Ton Tank I Tokyo, Sunday Fail of the (South Korean town of Chonan and a renewed American retreat be- fore the North Korean invaders were reported today by dis- patches. This news by telephone from correspondents at the from came shortly after a Tokyo headquar- ters communique said the Red drive had been "curtailed" but that tlie invaders were massing troops, armor and artillery for a renewal of their offensive. The communique was issued at p. m. Saturday a m. i In a telephoned report from the front ten minutes later, A.P. Cor- respondent O. H. P. King said an- gry weary American forward troops had retreated again Satur- day. In a call at a.m. Sun- day a.m. Saturday, King said the Reds had captured Chonan. a large town 60 miles south of Seoul for their deepest penetration yet. The call, over the line used by both the Army and all correspond- ents, was interrupted before he could give details about Chonan. King's report on the American i retreat gave no inkling of the num- bers of men involved, but earlier dispatches had indicated thev were relatively small. Await U. S, Tanks King said American equipment had arrived and fresh troops had reached the general area, todinpr encouragement to American deter- mination to reverse the trend and hurl the northerners back soon. He said that as of 6 p.m. Saturday the American equipment had no't yet gone into action, however (The "equipment" he mentioned j presumably included tanks, which a Tokyo headquarters spokesman previously said had reached Ko- rea but had not yet started fight- King added that the invaders had not followed the American retreat for its full distrance. But were using heavy artillery. Information in Tokyo was the American retreat was the one which A.P. Correspondent Tom Lambert had reported began Fri- day night, following an American thrust northward that the Reds ambushed and hurled back. The withdrawal was said in Tok- yo to have been probably com- pleted during Saturday. The accounts squared generally with the Tokyo communique which placed the strongest from Winona county since Janu- ary, 1949. At that time the coun- ty had registrants. Only peacetime inductions in most of the nation were Novem- ber, 1948, to late January, 1949, when Winona was the induction! center for seven Minnesota coun-i ties. I THE RESERVES Although ai1 Boy, 14, Admits Firing Fatal Shot At Polo Grounds New York Police said guard It will bring Japan's total police force to Including na- tional police. Authorization for the reserves was made in a letter to Japanese Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida, Japanese sources said the reserve would be established dir- ectly under the government, They estimated recruiting and training would require at least three months. MacArthur also authorized the in the Pyongtaek region, 14 to 15 miles north of Chonan. Between 40 and 60 enemy tanks supported by more than troops were reported crossing the Ansong river and heading south- ward toward Songhwan, the an- nouncement said. It added aerial observation has disclosed a concentration of Red troops and armor from Pyongtaek eastward to Wonju. Supplies, equipment and person- nel were reported "steadily flow- national maritime safety to the" north- equivalent to a coast I to add men for total of west." j specially-qualified volunteer Re- servists, the officer in charge of the Winona Reserve armory had received no such information. Hei added that he had been instructed j that any information he does re- ceive is to be treated confidentially. At present he said there has been no change- in the policy that Re- servists can go on active duty only for competitive tours for appoint- ment as regular Army officers, and he described the requirements for entering such active duty as "rigid." Excepted from that pol- Doyle. They had a written confession from a 14-year-old Negro boy that he stood on a nearby roof and 'icy are medical and dental offi- jcers, who are desired by the Ar- in ibers. virtually unlimited num- Active Duty was the only bullet he had. At almost the same time, feet away, the 54-year-old Doyle slumped dead in his grandstand 45 slug in his brain. Police had held the boy, Rob- ert M. Peebles, in custody since the night of the fourth after their needle-in-haystack search turned up one 22-caliber pistol and two 22-caliber rifles in his apartment. But Robert denied having a 45 until yesterday. In his confession, police said, he These Twisted Pieces of metal with, projectiles and shell casings scattered around were all that remained of a South Korean ammunition train caught by strafing and bombing North Korean planes in the railroad station at Pyongtaek, 20 miles south of Sywon, Wirephoto to the Re- publican-Herald.) j His calls yesterday were mostly told them he found the gun in from men who wanted to know if! Central park six months ago and the Reservists had been called up, j kept it hidi but about ten men -wanted to know how they could get on active duty His office supervises a number Reds Building up Forces ___ j The announcement at p.m. At present Japan has a-m- C.S.T.) added that ele- fcropolitan police which with thejraents of two North Korear divi- national rural police .force are in the vicinity of Wonju men. 120 miles north of Chung-ju, a main The rural police maintain order in smaller communities not served by the metropolitan force. MacArthur's letter, dated today, said that because of police effic- iency "Japan stands out with a calmness and serenity which lends to the violence, confu- sion and disorder which exists in sure this "favorable condition will continue unchallenged by lawless minorities.' highway intersection. "The continued buildup of North Korean forces in this area indicate a distinct possibility of a wide en- velopment attempt to cut the main north-south communication line. in the Taejon it said. The communique said "reports over the past three or four days indicate a steady buildup of enc- Mustangs Being Sent to Far East Waslu'ng-ton Defense offi- cials reported today the first load- ing of F-51 Mustang fighters aboard' ship for the Far East. They did not say at which port he planes are being loaded, but' -hey left no doubt that the World War H tyjie piston engine planes are going aboard a carrier. Presumably the only carrier on my troops along the east coast. "Troop and tank concentrations in this area which has been rela- quiet since the outbreak of the Korean war suggest (lie fact that preparations are under way for a drive in the direction ol Pu- of Army Reserve uniis. In Winona Company I, 411th Infantry regi- ment, 103rd Infantry division, has four officers and 25 men. In the same regiment is Company K at Lake City, with four officers and 11 men. Non-divisional units are the 544th Ordnance company at Wabasha, with three officers and 31 men, and the 419th Military Government Company, with 38 of- ficers and 57 enlisted men in pla- toons are Winona, Spring Valley, (Continued, on Page 12, Column 1) DRAFT :dden until the fourth, J? fired the single P' he ob is the Bataan, a Pusan, on the southeast coast, is Korea's largest seaport and the main port of entry for American supplies and troops. A high American official at U.S. headquarters in Korea said most of Red tanks hit by planes south of Suwon yesterday were knock- ed out. South Korean sources were Ihen he claiming he had no intention of] aiming at the polo grounds, where the Dodgers were warming up for a double-header with the Giants. Later, when he heard of the kill- ing, be threw the gun in a -weedy area nearby. Police were search- ing for the weapon. Young Peebles was held on a charge of juvenile delinquency. A child under 15 cannot be charged with homicide ia New York. Doyle, who lived at Fairview, N. J., was a former fight manager who launched Jimmy Braddock on he path to the world's heavy- weight championship. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Sunday; con- tinued moderately -warm. Low to- night 64; high Sunday 87. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m today: Maximum, 89; minimum, 65; noon, 85; precipitation, none; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page 12, optimistic, i jmore northern tanks destroyed in the Yongju-Chungju-sector to t h e east. These reports of tanks destroyed exceeded the most liberal interpre- tation of Air Force claims, bow- ever. The Air Force in Tokyo list- ed a total of only 20 tanks prob- ably destroyed. Giant Tank Captured General MacArthur announced that American troops captured a mammoth 60-ton largest Russian-made armor yet reported in the Korean war. His communique also told of the capture of a 33-ton tank, de- (Continued on Pape 9, Column 7) KOREA ;