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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 3, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight and Tuesday Baseball Tuesday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME so, NO. WJNONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JULY 3, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES Red Planes Attack Dug-ln Yanks Crash Kills Whitehall Woman Two Men Hurt In Accident Early Sunday Emma Johnson, 72, Victim of Mishap On Country Road Whitehall, 73- vear-old Trempealeau county farm woman was killed and two other persons were injured early Sunday l in an automobile collision near Fere. Killed in the accident Trem- pealeau county's third fatal traffic mishap of the year was Mrs. Emma Johnson, a passenger in a! car driven by her brother, Syver j Hilstad. The driver of the other car involved in the crash was Or- ville Dahl, who with Hilstad, was taken to a Whitehall hospital for treatment of injuries suffered in the accident. All three of the crash victims were residents of the town of Hale. windshield by the impact and suffered a fractured skull and broken neck. Drivers of both cars'were m Marines Ordered to Japan BULLETIN' TODAY- Korean Action Only One Open By Joseph and Stewart Alsop whole momen- tous meaning of President Tru- man's decision to meet force with force in Korea can only be grasp- ed in the light of what would sure- ly have happened if he had decid- ed otherwise. For there can be no doubt that the aggression in Korea was planned as only the first of a whole series of demonstrations of Russian strength and Western weakness, designed to lead to the crumbling of the Western will to resist. Certain events in Iran, in the days Immediately preceding the tack on Korea, suggest how the weak spots in the Western defenses would have been exploited. Less than a week before the Korean puppets were given the signal to march, the Soviet ambassador in Teheran appeared at the Iranian! foreign office. Brusquely, he hand- ed the Iranian foreign minister a toughly worded protest, and de- parted. S.' Mar- ines and Marine air units today were ordeerd to Japan, the De- fense department announced. The Navy said troops air units from the fleet marine force at Camp Pendlefon and El Toro, would be rush- ed across the Pacific with or- ders to report to General Mac- Arthur. A spokesman said the mar- ines were bcinf sent in response to MacArthur's request for ad- ditional combat manpower to he has hack up the forces thrown into Korea. The spokesman said he could not disclose the strength of the Marine force to be dispatched. Camp Pendleton is headquar- ters of the First Marine divi- sion, commanded by Major General Graves Blanchard Erskine. El Toro is the headquarters at the First Marine Air Wing. The Navy spokesman declined to say whether Erskinc would lead the marines to the Pacific. North Korean Invaders Held To Small Cains American Forces In Position, First Battle Approaching Colonel Larson photo First Holiday Fatality in this aiea resulted from the Crash of the two cars shown in this photo. Mrs. Emma Johnson, 72, who was riding in the car at left, was killed in the accident which occurred early Sunday on a country road near Whitehall, Wis. Mrs. Johnson apparently was 'thrown into the No Present Intention To Mobilize Reserves of Defense Johnson said today there is no present intention to mobilize reserves in this country in con- nection with the Korean crisis. Johnson made the statement to While House reporters after conference with President Truman at which he brought the Presi- dent up to date on developments in the Korean Asked if there was any prospect of a partial mobilization, John- son replied: "Not at the present time." injured! The Soviet protest recalled the 1921 Soviet-Iranian treaty. It charged that in permitting "hostile United States use Iran as a "Base for Iran was violating the treaty. And it re- minded the Iranians that such "violation" gave the Soviet Union the right to enter Iran In order to expel the "hostile power." This was only the culminating point in a long campaign of pres- sure on Iran. For weeks, the clan- destine Tudeh (Communist) Party, liberally financed by the Soviet em- death toll had climbed to 350 today bassy, had been working with re- 2s millions of motorists took to newed energy to undermine the tot- terlng structure of the state. And Weekend Traffic Freighter {Deaths Total in Harbor Drown By The Associated Press The nation's weekend __il_ j. _ rtm A _ _i _ J highways and beaches for the July 4 celebration. for weeks, the "free Iranian move- The National Safety council hadlThe freighter, the collie: using radio transmitters mounted on railroad cars along the Russian border, had been denounc- ing the Iranian government and the "imperialist" United States, and promising "liberation" soon. Iran is one side of the medal. If the United States had failed to act in Korea, or if American ac- tion had been confined to hand- wringing protests, it might never have been necessary for the Krem- lin even to send into Iran appro- priately costumed "free Iranian" said it would be the biggest four-jMelrose, had a hole punched in her day traffic Jam in history and pre- bow. The cause of the forces "in order to bring retlil'n to their jobs today, while dieted that 385 would be killed be- fore it ends, about midnight to-j happened in clear lorrow. imained a mystery. Officers refused The council estimated to discuss it pending a Coast Guard vehicles would be on that probably will open to- hlghways between 6 p.m. (local times) Friday and midnight Tues- day. But the homeward movement was expected to be spread over more time than the mass depar- tures. Many of the celebrants had Iran's capitulation. With only a lit- tle extra pressure, the corrupt, frightened Iranian government, the lesson of South Korea well learn- ed, would almost certainly have others, mostly office workers, will not return to work until Wednes- day. Highway mishaps had caused 236J deaths. There were 71 drownings, (neither is believed to be serious. The exact time of the crash has not been determined but It is be- Ilieved to havs occured at about a.m. Sunday. On Way Home According to Sheriff Charles N, KeiLroltz, who was called to the accident scene, Mrs. Johnson and Hilstad had been visiting at the home of Mrs. John'son's son, Arn- old Johnson, at Osseo Saturday jnight and had left Osseo at about New sand dredge and a freighter three times a.m. Sunday, to return home, her size collided in the New York harbor narrows before .dawn yester- j Hilstad was driving over a steep port's second, big-ship collision in flve days. j knoll on the county road about one- half mile west of the Hilstad farm, when his car and the automobile driven by Dahl collided almost head-on. Coroner Martin A. Wiemer of In- dependence investigateu the crash and stated that Mrs. Johnson ap- parently had been thrown against the windshield and suffered skull and neck fractures. She also suf- fered a severe cut on the neck from the shattered windshield. j Both Recovering Hilstad suffered leg? chest, arm id head injuries while Dahl's Valley Forge, Fa. "Lordjright leg and head were injured. God of hosts, be with us yet, The crash pitched the .34 crewmen of the dredge Sandcraft into the water. Some of them swarri for an hour before they could be Only fast rescue work prevented loss of life. The dredge went to the bottom in ten minutes, catching most of her men Jn nlghtcJothes. day. "I feel good at not losing any of my men, but I feel rotten about losing my the Sandcraft's master, Captain Robert Ammon, 52, of Chicago, said. The collision occurred in the nar- Boy Scouts Show Deep Respect for Glorious Heritage tg? we we forget." mile-wide strait that words or whether they were arates Staten Island and parroting the old folks, and divides the big harbor into the! But in a few seconds you knew hospital attendants said i that both men were recovering satisfactorily Sunday. You might have wondered, m the The injured trio were found by beginning, whether the Boy Scouts felt in their hearts the meaning of upper and lower bays. The scene of yesterday's crash was hegged for the best terms could one firewor., 42 get. And what would have liap- pfihid in Iran would have hap- pened in one form or another at other weak spots around the periphery, notably in Bur- ma (where the British mo- mentarily expected a Chinese Communist attack after the Korean jtl Tibet, throughout the Middle East, and in Greece. For the way in which such demonstrations of Soviet strenjrtli and Western weakness would have been ex- ploited, it is only necessary to turn to dcrmanv. hundred yards from other miscellaneous causes. only land the Danish freighter Colombia The deaths by states, with traf-1 collided five days before. The Ex- fic, drownings, fireworks and had to race for Shoal water cellaneous in that order: save hErsejf from sinking, and Alabama 9300; Arkansas 200 1; California 13 9 0 7; Colorado 1 2 u 0; Connecticut 0300; Florida 2000; Georgia 10 1 0 1; Idaho 1 0 0 0; Illinois 8101; Indiana 6105: Iowa 4300; Kan- sas 6000 :Kenlucky 4102; Louisiana 2200; Maine 1200: Maryland 330 0; Massachusetts 1100: Michigan 17 6 0 1; Minne- jsota 4106: Mississippi 2000: [Missouri 7001; Montana 2001; 'Nebraska 2000: Nevada 1000. New Hampshire 001 After the Korean invasion, and i Jersey 9 3 0 0: New Mexico 1 0 0 0; before Truman announced the deci-JNew York 9305: North Carolina sion to resist, the reaction in Ohio 12102; Oregon Soviet zone in Germany was 200; Pennsylvania. 13 600; tomatic, and almost certainly Carolina 8400: South Dak- arranged. The Communist press lota 1000; Tennessee 13 1 0 1; immediately drew the parallel be-jTexas 15 1 0 2; Vermont 10 3 0 1: iween divided Korea and 7200; West Virginia ed Germany: that "today U 000: Wisconsin 8000; Wyo- _r 'm-HS 1000. went aground in the mud. She car- ried 114 passengers, but neither they nor the crews were hurt. the answer. You saw the candles flicker into light. Only a. few pricked the darkness at first. Then the whole open-air arena, where Washingto The Open Arrow above designates the area in Korea where U. S. troops are dug in against the1 Communist surge. There were four Red columns across the Han river, with Suwon outflanked by the two mechanised columns moving southeastward from the Yongdungo area. Black area is approximate extent of North Korean control. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Anton Hilstad, a brother of Syver Hiistad and Mrs. Johnson. He! drove by the accident scene at! about 3 a.m. He called county au- thorities to the scene of the'acci-l dent. Coroner Wiemer said today that! no decision had been made as yet! as to whether an inquest will be! U. S. Acts to Keep Chinese Out of War i By Russell Brines Tokyo American ground forces reached the war front, dug advanced positions and got a bsp- tism of fire from strafing planes today, Bui by nightfall they had not seen the North Korean ground enemy. General MacArlhur's advanced headquarters in South Korea said the invaders had made no serious progress during the day, marked only by sporadic fighting between Korean forces. A spokesman indicated the break J-.rough the Han river line at Yongdungpo by two tank columns might have been Jess serious than first anticipated. Americans were rushed forward from their staging base to head off this col- umn. American pilots reported that most Communist convoys ap- parently were lying low during daylight to avoid intense strafing. A renewed surge tonight, might bring the Invaders in contact with the Americans. 25-Minute Attack The strafing and rocket attack on the Americans lasted U5 min- utes. One foot soldier was wound- ed In this, the first combat In any form experienced by most or them. There were five to seven planes in the attack. Advance headquarters in South Korea said the NorUi Korean spearheads had failed to make any serious progress In a series of breaks through South Korean lines. The drive on Suwon, abandoned American forward base, appeared to have bogged down or collapsed. A spokesman said some of the tanks appeared to have pulled back. General MacArthur's advanced headquarters said the invaders were using their tanks and troops sporadic fighting in which no American ground troops have yet taken part. May Sec Action Tonight But U. S. infantry may get into Action tonight against mechanized North Korean columns advancing south of Seoul under relentless American air blows. There were four hostile columns across the Han river just south of Seoul. The North Korean radio said a fifth column, ramming southward lar to the east, had seized Wonju, 50 miles east of Seoul. Of immediate concern to U. S. forces were two tank-led columns which crossed the Han last night. They were reported as much as ;25 miles south of the river in a new and menacing breakthrough. Large numbers of U. S. bombers on the ground held regarding circumstances of troops accident. He explained that he bloody footprints, suddenly blazed Wl1 Wlth the district with the brilliance of almost before making a decision attor- ;and fighters roared over the ad- B.v John M Hig-htower jvancing Communists, ripping their United States maneuvered today to try U.1 columns with rockets, bombs and keep Chinese Nationalist and becoming I machine gun fire. 000 candles. And from the throats of massed Scouts and their leaders at jgarding the inquest. Bom in Norway June 12, 1877, re'j involved in the fighting in Korea. The Saadcraft's crew escaped] the second national jamboree came with their dunking and a few cuts other familiar words: and bruises that required minor hospital treatment. Battle Report tne powers of peace are already stronger thnn the forces of and predicted "a tremendous Dead in tory for the peace front over the Mlnnpinra American warmongers." Soviet! It Zone President Wilhelm Pieck, ,-c- peatint: the transparent lie that the Korean fighting was instigated an By 33? o This sort of thing must of course be translated from the Commu- nese. But the translation is not dif-l ficult. It amounts to this: "Let thej Western Germans, and all West- ern Europeans, be warned ihat sooner or later the fate of the! Southern Koreans awaits you, un- less ,vou surrender on Soviet, terms." And as Western Euro- By Tom Lambert An Advanced American Pasition on the Korean Front Five to seven unidentified planes today gave American combat troops in South Korea their first taste of in a savage 25-minute strafing and rocket attack today. The aircraft dropped out of a s, an clear sky, unopposed by American !airplane accident, and fires" in a fury of fire and The Associated Press persons have been GJ.'s Miss Air Cover in First Attack "Our Father's God, to thee "Author of LiberH-. It wasn't a religious ceremony. The Scouts had been to church Sunday morning. Protestant, Cath- olic, Jewish, Buddhist, Moslem and Hindu services were held at the same time in a half-mile radius. When last night the boys and men came together again and took part in a common program dedi- cated to recalling the milestones of freedom along the path of Amer- ican democracy. is survived by two sisters, Mrs. Wil- liam Toftum and Mrs. William Trenter, and two brothers, Syver and Anton Hilstad, all of the Whitehall area. Funeral services will be held at 1 p, in. Wednesday at the Arnold Johnson home in Osseo and later at the Pleass'.ntown Lutheran church, the Ref. O. C. Aune of Osseo officiating. Burial American and the unconfirmed f I North Korean reports described a Bj lelease of a note to the National government on Formosa, this steady Communist push south- ward on roads spanning a front 55 miles wide. The American infantrymen, who will be the first to see combat since the end of the World War (Continued on Paec 9, Column 6) KOREA Mrs. Johnson came to America with I government was on-record with a warning to Generalissimo Chiang her parents in 1898. She was that before he dispatches any troops to aid the South Kerens, ried in 1900 to Martin Johnson who he give careiu, consicjeration' Q'GCl SIX V63.rS 3.EO "in addition to her son. Arnold, she to the delenses of hi5 own by Chinese Communists. How- munist-threatened position. lever, it was understood here that He was advised to consult Gen-ia maj01 consideration was the pos- _ lsible reaction of the Communists era! Douglas MacArthur on Formo-L ,_v ,irt tnnv_ I to any such aid move, sa's defense arrangements, and thej Dipiomatic and military authori- note disclosed that plans for thej ties were represented as feeling that consultations between Chiang's and! the entrance of Chiang's MacArthur's representatives had al-'offered an army of 33'000 ready been made linto Korea would be seized upon by The published American Communists as a convenient ex-, toward Nationalist China's cffer for own Chinese! will be in the caurch cem-iaid in the Korean fighting-was based! into tne fighting o [on threat of invasion" of For-iof the northern invaders. flame which shook but did not un nerve the young troops, most o whom had never been in combat The raid began about p.m. Five airplanes, which had been flying overhead, suddenly droppec like falcons on the mud-walled town in which the Americans have their command post. The Yanks dived for cover like veterans and like veterans did to the total. One person is missing and be- (Continued on Page 9. Column 6) HOLIDAY DEATHS WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Generally (Continued on Pasrc 9, Column 1) ALSOP No Paper Tuesday As is our usual custom, The Republican-Herald will omit publication Tuesday, July 4, to allow employes to spend the holiday with taeir families and friends. everyone in the vicinity. LOCAL WEATHER i witn deliberation the planes Official observations for the awa7 at town ma" hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum. 78; minimum, 57: noon, SO: precipitation, 1.19. Official observations for the 2-J hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 82; minimum, 61; noon. 81: precipitation, .10: sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 8. chineguns, lazily circled and came roaring back with rockets. As the first rocket let go with a swishing hiss, a soldier with his face crushed in the dirt muttered, "Judas, everyone's getting up on these modern techniques." About that time the planes re- formed and flashed in for their third sweep I hammering. with machine guns With Beads Bowed, more than Boy Scouts at the National Boy Scput jamboree pray at a gen- eral church service at Valley Forge, Pa. The general service was the largest of several services held for all faiths of the Scouts attending the week long jamboree on the historic grounds where General Washington's troops endured the Revolutionary war winter in 1777. (A.P. Wirephoto.) of For-! Meanwhile, there were these other developments: 1. Members of the United Natlonsj which are co-operating ID the forts to roll back the Red forces from South Korea were reported [generally to favor naming Mac- IArthur, American Far Eastern com- mander, as supreme commander for the United Nations in this strug- gle. Diplomats were concerned, jhoivever, with legal and constitu- tional problems involved in making i formal arrangements of this kind. 2. President Truman returned to Washington late yesterday from a weekend cruise on the yacht and was met by Secretary of Defense Johnson, who gave him the latest reports on developments in the Korean situation. 3. The State and Defense depart- ments, past the initial period of emergency in making spot decisions on how to handle the Korean affair, were understood to be studying the whole Far Eastern situation with a view to strengthening weak spots against Communist aggression wherever possible. 4. John Foster Dulles, Acheson's chief Republican adviser, said Sat- urday night that the Communists attacked South Korea because they felt "they could not tolerate this hopeful, attractive Asiatic experi- ment in democracy." Another rea- son, he suggested, was to place Ja- pan "between the upper and lower jaws of the Russian bear." Major General William F. Dean, above, has been designat- ed commander genera! of all u. S. forces in Korea, accord- ing to a communique from General Douglas MacArthur's headquai-ters in Tokyo. Gen- eral Dean is commander of the 24th Infantry division and was the last American military gov- ernor of South Korea before it became the Republic of Korea. (A.P. Wirephoto.) ;