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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 1, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Thundershowers Tonight, Warmer Wednesday Chiefs vs. Austin if 8 O'clock Tonight KWNO AM-FM VOLUME 52, NO. 115 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 1, 1952 TWENTY PACES Ike, Taff Men Baffle for 72 Contested Votes Rival Delegations Will Be Allowed to Present Arguments By ED CREAGH CHICAGO tffl The Taft-Eisen- hower battle for the' Republican presidential nomination narrowed down momentarily today to a bit- ter tug-of-war over a few score delegates. 'Television cameras were set up to report the struggle from the outside, if not from within the the green-decorated .ballroom bat- tle scene itself. Seventy-two votes at next week's national convention were at stake. In a close race and this one looks nip-and-tuck the GOP presidential nomination might well be decided by the committee's rec- ognizing delegates favoring Sen. Robert A. Taft or those backing Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower. The latest Associated Press delegate count shows 475 for Taft and 409 for Eisenhower. Nomination re- quires 604, Committee Packed 'Eisenhower's backers say the na- tional committee is packed with Taft men. They threaten to ap- peal the committee's decision to the Convention Credentials Com- mittee and to wage a floor fight at the convention itself if the rul- ings on the state delegations go against the general. Taft's supporters with the Ohio senator here in person to direct ihe campaign undoubtedly would make similar appeals in the event of a decision lia.voring Eisenhower. The Taft people gave a little ground last night. They finally agreed in a subcommittee session to allow rival delegations from .Texas and Louisiana an hour and a half each to make their argu- ments. Noting that the Taft forces ted to limit argument to the tradi- tional 30 minutes, the Eisenhower statement said the change of heart proves that public opinion "can force the convention officials to hold an open, unrigged conven- tion." Charge Votes Stolen This went back to the Eisen- hower backers' charge heatedly denied by their opponents that the Taft people have stolen dele- gates and grabbed control of the convention machinery. In fact, Taft backers are running the show at Chicago. But they bridle at any suggestion that they rigged the machinery. In spite of the compromise on arguing time there was at least a temporary deadlock on TV. Taft, once opposed to letting the fireworks explode on the nation's television screens, changed signals yesterday and told a news confer- ence TV was ail right with him if it was all right with the national committee. All the same, Taft's supporters went right on objecting to televi- sion coverage when the question Native of Minneiska Now PAA Chief Pilot New chief pilot of the Rio de Janeiro sector for Pan American World Airways is an area Minne sotan. He is Capt. Leo C. Lorenz, a na- tive of Minneiska, who attendee high school and college in Winona He took over his new job today. Capt. Lorenz is now in charge oi the 38 Clipper captains and firs! officers who fly along the easl coast of South America from Trini- dad to Buenos Aires. He has more than hours in his logbook, including flight time over both the Pacific and Atlantic. He is Navy- trained and holds a Naval Reserve commission. For two years he has been flying through Brazil, Uruguay and Ar- gentina. For three years prevjous- 'y he was "on loan" to PAA's af- filiate, Panair do Brasil as flight nstructor. During the war Lorenz lew in PAA's Africa-Orient Divi- sion which transported men and supplies. He joined Pan American n 1941 as a junior pilot based at Alaska. Within three rears he was a captain and moved o the airline's Atlantic Division. His first aviation job after leaving the University of Minnesota in 1937 was a ground post with Northwest Airlines at Billings, Senate Approves 46 Billions for Armed Services Capt. Leo Lorenz Graduate of Cotter Mont, He instructed in Montana be- "ore joining PAA. Cap. Lorenz was graduated from Cotter High School and attended Mary's College for three years >efore transferring to the univer- ity. NO DARK HORSE Ike or Taft Win, Dewey Says Budget Deficit 33% Less Than Truman Figured WASHINGTON Wl The budget deficit for fiscal 1952 appears to be about three billion 38 per cent-less than President Truman predicted. as Treasury bookkeepers worked to get together today the final figures for the period, which ended yesterday. With only a couple of days' gov- ernment accounts to be tallied, prospects were for an outcome about like this, in round figures: Spending, 67 billion dollars; income 62 billion; resulting deficit, five billion. The President estimated last Jan. uary the deficit would be But his spending figure of has proved a big came, up at yesterday's subcom- i overestimate, and his revenue fig- mittee meeting. Finally, the deci-1 a bit over sion was tossed to the full commit- tee itself, for action before today's hearings on rival delegations. Some of the small army of tele- vision people who already are pitching camp in Chicago were pretty sure the answer would be no TV. They were far from giving up, however. Some planned to set up cameras outside a ballroom of the Conrad Hilton Hotel, televise at least the preliminaries of the meeting and carry interviews with the presum ably hot-under-the-collar disputants whenever they carne within sight. While all this was going on, con- vention headquarters announced the speakers who will address next week's convention after the key note is struck by Gen. Douglas MacArthur. Hoover to Talk They include former President Herbert Hoover down for Tues- day night and one of the party's controversial figures, Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy of Wisconsin, sched- uled to speak Wednesday after- noon. Florida's contest over 18 dele- gates was the first to come up for consideration in today's committee hearing. It's been decided to take up the controversies according to the al- phabetical order of the seven states involved in disputes. That means probably the tough- est fight of all, over Texas' 38 votes, won't be reached today and may not even occur until Thursday. Harold E. Stassen, who's a can- didate for the presidential nomina- tion himself, flew in around mid- night from New York. Eisenhower isn't coming in from Denver until Saturday. The general's backers announced that the fight over the Texas dele- gation will be led by Sinclair Weeks, the fund-raising national committeeman from Massachu- setts. Today also the business 6f writ- ing a 1952 Republican platform be- gan. This is the job of the conven- tion's Resolutions Committee. And the chairman, Sen. Eugene Milli- kin of Colorado, called a meeting to start the phrases flying. By JACK BELL HOUSTON, Tex. (.fl-Gov. Thomas E. Dewey of New York who knows about such things, says no dark horse is going to win the Republican nomination at the party convention opening in Chicago next Monday. Dewey thinks the nominee is going to be Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower But if it isn't, the New York governor says the man who heads the ticket will be Sen. Robert A. Taft of Ohio. It is the opinion of has batted .666 in getting Repub- lican nominations in 1944 and 1948 and losing it in not much more than 100 votes will be out- standing on the first ballot at Chi- cago. No Room For Others This means, he says, that fav- orite sons like-Gov. Earl Warren of Gov. Harold E, Stassen of Minnesota and Gov. Theodore McKeldin of Maryland will be able to marshal only about that many between them. j The Dewey reasoning would Douglas MacArthur, the conven- tion keynoter, or any other dark horse to emerge to take the nom- ination away from Eisenhower or Taft. "If any man gets within 3p votes of the nomination on any ballot, he's got Dewey observed to a news conference yesterday. His theory is that Eisenhower will lead Taft on the first ballot, getting more than 500 votes while the Ohio senator falls short of that mark. A total of 604 votes is needed to nominate and Taft claims he has them in hand. The New York governor wouldn't put it on the line, however, that the man who leads on the first ballot necessarily will get the nom- ination. Under Dewey's thesis, McKeldin and Gov. John S., Fine of Penn- sylvania would have to decide be- fore the first ballot where they are going to try to throw the ma- jority their state's GOP dele- Assures Air Force Strength Of 143 Wings By JERRY T. BAULCH WASHINGTON, (m The Senate last night approved a 000 budget to run the armed forces for the fiscal year starting today, nearly five billion dollars less than President Truman asked. The measure, the largest money bill before Congress this year, car- ried a provision Sen. O'Mahoney (D-Wyo) said assured the Air Force it could finance a buildup to 143 wings by mid-1955. The present Air Force is a little over 90 wings. The final total for the military services will have to be worked out in conference with the House, which voted The ad- ministration had requested In approving the armed forces budget on a 66-0 roll call vote, the Senate completed its version of all money legislation except a 10-bil- lion-dollar supplementary fund now before the appropriations commit- tee. A vote on this is expected Thursday. 8 More Money Bil's However, both the Senate and House will have to reconsider eight appropriations addition to the military are in conference committees. Congress has sent only one money measure to the President but legislators hope to clear all 11 bills before Saturday, a target date they've set for adjournment in order to attend the national po- litical conventions this month. A major difference between the Senate and House versions of the armed services budget is in the manner of laying out Air Force funds. The Senate voted and the House .com- pared with the Pres- ident asked. The House voted its funds all in cash but the Senate stipulated that would be in cash and eight million in contract authority. This authority.permits contracts to be made with the assurance that Congress will vote to pay the bills ruman Ch arges ontrols Weaker Congress Blasted For Stripping WSB Strength Speeding Over The "Washboard" course, the Army runs its new medium tank the "Patton through tests at Newark, Del. It has a lower silhouette than another comparable tank; has an egg-shape, sloping elliptical hull and turret mak- ing it harder to damage .with enemy shellfire; has. wider treads; has 90-millimeter, high velocity gun with quick change tube; external machine gun is controlled and loaded from inside. (AP Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald) European Defense Pact Given Senate By JOE HALL WASHINGTON Connafly (D-Tex) said today the pacts setting up a new common European army including Western Germany are without parallel in history. The veteran Foreign Relations Committee chairman made the statement as the Senate called for opening debate on ratification of two of the agreements. They would end the occupation of Western Ger- many and tie that republic into the defensive military force of the free world. Connally predicted Senate ap- proval without much trouble. A Clouds Moderate Hot Wave in Many Sections While a five-billion-dollar deficit for fiscal 1952 would constitute a big improvement over the Presi- dent's estimates, it would never- theless reflect an-8V4-billion decline from fiscal 1951, which ended in a budget surplus of 314 billion. In the year just closed, budge outlays jumped about 50 per cen higher than in the preceding year Where the President went wrong was in expecting spending to zoom 57 per cent as a result of the ex pending defense program. On revenues, the President's es timate came closer. Tax receipts boosted by rate hikes and new levies, climbed about 29 per cen above fiscal 1951. Truman forecas' an increase of about 30 per cent. The main reason spending fel below the Truman estimate was that planes and other equipmen ordered for the U.S. armed forces and foreign countries in the mutua security program were not deliv- ered by June 30 in the quantities anticipated. The money for these undelivered items is obligated, meaning con- tracts or purchase orders have been let, but the money doesn'1 count in the budget as spent until the goods are received and paid for. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Consider- able cloudiness tonight and Wed- nesday with possibility of local thundershowers late tonight or early Wednesday. Somewhat warm- er Wednesday. Low tonight 65, high Wednesday 88. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 88; minimum, 63; noon, 79; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (CAA Observations) Max. temp. 78 at p.m. Mon- day: Min. 63 at a.m. today. Noon readings wind direction east, 8 miles per hour; clouds feet, humidity 75, barometer 30.08, falling. (Additional Weather on Page 77) gations. Michigan On Fence That s.lso would apply to Arthur Summerfield, Michigan national committ'2eirzan who has been sit- ting on the fence with a reputed majority of that state's 46 dele- gates. As the New. York governor sees it, it will be a quick death battle between Eisenhower and Taft, over within about three ballots. Contract Authority The Senate approved the con- tract authority proposed by O'Mah- oney by a 79-0 vote but it was not explained how this, rather than cash, would help speed the Air Force buildup. The Senate voted for the Army and for the Navy. The House had voted 000 and Truman had requested for the Array and for the I Clouds cast their cool shadows I my with contingents from France, Army Reveals Completely New Patton lank NEWARK, "Del. Army today unveiled what it called the first completely new medium tank to be developed since World War mlined, more powerful, and almost as easy to handle as a new automobile. Dangerous Gap Open in Defense, President Says WASHINGTON (ffl President Truman said today the new eco- nomic controls law "weakens our ability to hold down prices and stabilize our economy." In a statement, Truman in ef- fect scolded Coirgress for not giv- ing him the stronger powers he asked and lashed particularly at provisions limiting the Wage Sta- bilization Board to advisory pow- ers in the future. The 'change as to the wage board, Truman said, "destroys the existing system without providing any substitute." In this respect, he said "the Con- gress has opened a dangerous gap 12 the mobilization program." Truman got out a statement of his views on the new .aw. But at no point did he mention a provision requesting him to in- voke the Taft-Harley Act in an effort to end the steel strike. The new law continued for 10 months powers to curb wages, prices, and rents and to allocate scarce materials. But some of these powers are whittled down instead of strength- ened as Truman has asked. He also requested a two-year exten- sion of controls instead of the 10 months Congress voted. Truman signed the bill yes- terday a few hours before the mid- light expiration deadline. White House announced he would issue a statement today setting forth his views. The statement is not expected j to be complimentary. The 10-month Designated the.M-48 or "Patton extension falls considerably shy of. it is being produced at the the two years the President had two-thirds vote is required. Core of the network of pacts signed last month in Bonn and I Paris is the one establishing a By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS (European Defense Community Chrysler tank plant here and at two other arsenals. Officials said sizable deliveries are expected be- fore the end of the year. The tank, in the 45 to 50 ton class, has several notable new Navy. The Senate bill does not include 0" Inany overheated sections of Italy, Belgium, The Netherlands, other American tank of correspond- 1. A lower silhouette than any me senare nciuae' a House ocDosed bv the I the nation today with lhe heat j Luxembourg and Western Ger- j ing size. Present U. S.' tanks have UJ _u. i hoon hoicrKt wave of the past few days appear- Many. place a 46-bil- lion-dollar lid on spending for the fiscal year, six billion below the planned figure.- Spending applies to new appro- priations plus money from past appropriations for such things as planes and ships which take longer j uttie reiief during June. ing on the wane. i The U. S. Weather Bureau re- i ported that the first day of July Signed By Six "The six nations who have signed this Connally said, "have been at each others throats was quite warm in the Kentucky- throughout much of their history; Tennessee areas, which have had than.a year to build. Truman and Pentagon officials said a ceiling on spending would disrupt the plans for a military buildup. Korean Combat Pay The Senate approved by voice But fair and pleasant weather, with the skies partly cloudly, pre vailed around the Great Lakes, in the Midwest, the regions west of the Rockies, and along the-Gulf coast. vote an down 1 Sunny but pleasant weather cov by the give military men in Korea a month in combat pay. It would go to those who have been under actual enemy fire. The Senate, by a standing vote, rejected a proposal by Sen. Doug- las (D-IU) to reduce special haz- ard pay for fliers and submariners to a month for enlisted men and a month for officers. The pay is based on a sliding scale, with some officers getting as much as extra. ered the Northeast, which was fan- ned through the night by cool air from Canada, and the Pacific and Northwest areas. Thundershowers in widely scat- tered areas between the gulf and the Great Lakes were predicted tonight. As the heat wave persisted yes- terday, it brought these 100-degree- plus temperatures: Maiden, Mo., 107; Paducah, Ky., 106; Hill City, Kan., 101; Akron, Colo., 102. yet now, in an atmosphere of co- operation and cordiality, they sur- render control over their armed forces to a supranational body. "They have voluntarily given up their sovereignty over the most sensitive portion of any country's national life. "If there is any comparable ev-ent in history, I cannot recall it." Workmen Lock Rows Of Delegates seats to- gether on the floor of the International Amphi- theater in Chicago as construction of the platform and speakers rostrum and press rows, rear center, progresses. View is taken from the rear of the upper tier of seats in the hall where the national convention of the Republican party will open July 7. The Democrats will open their convention in this hall July 21. Triangular platforms at right and left are still camera, newsreci and TV posi- tions. Radio control booths are in upper back- ground. (AP Photo) The Senate is not called upon to ratify the EDC pact. But one of the agreements it must approve is a protocol to extend the security guarantees oi the North Atlantic Pact to the EDC and thus to West ern Germany. The other up for a vote the so-called peace contract between this country, Britain, France and Western Germany would end the occupation and set up the basis for the German Republic to work with the West. Result The Same Connally said Western Germany could not be admitted to the North i Atlantic Treaty Organization be- i cause that took unanimous con- sent, which could not be obtained now. "But the result is about the same and the effect of the protocol is that we receive far-reaching guarantees --from he said. "This arrangement does not really enlarge United States com- mitments in Connally said. "We already have troops sta- tioned in Germany, and those troops will remain there under these agreements." Connally urged the Senate to re- ject a rider which Sen. Hicken- looper (R-Ia) has said he will of- fer to the protocol revision. This would require congressional approval of any "military imple- mentation" of the treaty. Hicken- looper said it is designed to make sure the agreement does not add to any powers the President has to send troops overseas without consulting Congress. Connally said he would like to be presenting to the Senate a peace treaty covering a unified Germany. Bur, he said thes Russians apparent- ly do not want a peace treaty. been criticized because their made them easily spotted. 2. An egg-shaped, sloping cal hull and turret. This makes harder for an enemy shell to get a into the armor. 3. Wider treads than present medium tanks. The wider the tread, the better the tank can op- erate on muddy roads, in swampy terrain or in snow. High-Velocity Gun 4. A 90-millimeter, high velocity gun with a quick change tube. Using only simple tools, the liner of the gun barrel can be changed in the field in minutes instead of sending the tank back to rear areas for replacement of a whole new gun when repeated firing has worn the rifling of the tube. 5. A 50-caliber machine gun on top of the turret which can be aimed, fired anc! loaded from with- in the tank. No longer does the gunner have to stand with head and shoulders exposed to enemy fire. The tank is named for the late Gen. George S. Patton, famous World War II commander and a leading exponent of armor. His widow was invited to christen the new tank today in ceremonies presi- ded over by Secretary of the Army Frank Pace. Plans to Release Guardsmen Drawn CAMP RUCKER, Ala. 051 The 47th "Viking" division says plans for release of all Minnesota and North Dakota National Guardsmen have been drawn up. It is contemplated that the en- listed men be "phased out" in five equal monthly groups after Aug. 15, an anouncement said. Officers will probably remain on duty un- til Jan. A point system will determine order of release. One point will be allowed for each month of active duty in the United States; two points for each month overseas in World War II or in Korea, and five points for each dependent. Of the original guards- men in the many have been rotated overseas or discharg- ed. The division was placed in fed- eral duty Jan. 16 of last year. asked. Some of the law's vital pro- visions have been weakened. He had asked for strengthening. Congressional leaders, like House Speaker Rayburn of Texas, said they found Truman unenthusiastic about the measure sent to him by Congress Saturday night. He signed it reluctantly, they said, feeling it was all he could do. The Office of Price Stabilization, still studying the legislation, with- held formal comment One OPS chieftain who asked anonymity I said: "Every change in the act is I calculated to raise prices substan- tially." Slackening Pressure Many legislators whtf1 voted for the bill contend inflationary pres- sures are slackening, making tight controls unnecessary. The. House originally voted to end all price controls, in effect, but this was dropped by a Senate-House confer- ence- which worked out the com- promise finally adopted. The new law keeps the lid on prices and wages generally for the next 10 months, until April 30. 1953. It continues authority for alloca- ting scarce materials for a full year, until June 30, 1953. Federal rent controls will last three months, until Sept. 30, except in areas certified as critically in need of defense housing or those in which local authorities request their continuance. Dropped from price control are processed fruits and vegetables- frozen, canned and so on. OPS officials complained this would bite into the housewife's food budget, much of which they said went for such items. Government curbs on consumer installment plan for buying things like automobiles and with the old act last midnight. Relaxed Credit Real estate credit restrictions were relaxed, but officials an- nounced there would be no immedi- ate change in Regulation which 'sets minimum cash down payments for home purchases. The Federal Reserve Board and the Housing and Home Finance. Agency, which administer real es- tate controls, issued a joint state- ment. They said the Regulation "X" it when the annual rate of housing starts fall- ing below about more than take at least five months to put into effect. Con- siderable procedure must first be followed. The Wage Stabilization Board is retained in the new act, but some- what altered in scope. Its member- each from unions, management and the now be confirmed by the Senate, And it may no longer make rec- ommendations in labor disputes unless asked by the union and in- dustry at odds. ;