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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - July 1, 1950, Winona, Minnesota Light Rain Tonight; Sunday Fair, Quite Cool Baseball Sunday p. m. KWNO-FM VOLUME 50, NO. 115 WINONA. MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 1, 1950 FOURTEEN PAGES TOD4Y- Keanan's Value to U.S. Hailed By Joseph and Stwart Alsop Washington. Low salaries small pensions and occasional pub- lic torture by the blatherskits fac- tion of Congress, are the rewards of the higher professional! public servants of the United States. A man may have trans-' formed a whole region, raising itj to a new life, as did David E. Lil-j ienthal, or he may have helped to save' his country and the world, as; has George F. Kennan. But hei departs from office, perhaps in a storm of invective, and at best in! a chill, thankless silence. These remarks are timely because: George Kennan is now in fact leav- ing his post as chief of the State Kuodschau, said Moscow's an- H urle Russ to Avoid Open War Drivers Start Over Korea, Agents Say By Daniel Deluce Berlin Soviet propa- gandists told jittery eastern Europe today that Russia -will avoid open entanglement in the Korean war. From Berlin to Bucharest, Communist controlled n e w s- papers emphasized the nonin- tervention policy of Moscow. The full text of the exchange of notes between the U. S. and Soviet governments on Korea earlier this week was on East- ern bloc front pages today. The official Soviet newspap- er in Germany, Taegliche department planning K'-aff, and be-j cause, at this instant, the Korean! crisis proves the incalculable worth! of the service he has given the United States. Kennan has always been the least known of the key Amer- ican policy-makers. He is shy. Be is a professional public ser- vant, with emphasis on the professional, and considers that technicians should remain In the background while poli- ticians hold the center of the stage. He is slso an unasham- ed it is perhaps dangerous to menjion the fact within earshot of a Congress that scents disloyalty lit all men who do net sign their names by making their swer to the American request for joint intervention "clarified the Korean question." "While the war hysteria takes increasingly grotesque forms in the Western world, where newspapers and radio stations compete in mongering reports and an atmosphere of general catastrophe prevails, the peace-fighters in full know- ledge of their strength stand on guard to protect the the Sovlei organ reported. The TJ. S. had requested the Russians to intervene to help halt the fighting in Korea. The Soviet union replied that it did not approve of the "interfer- ence of foreign powers in the internal affairs of Korea." East bloc newspapers pub- lished only brief, fragmentary reports on the Korean fighting. But they devoted columns to articles on the Communist- sponsored Stockholm resolution to outlaw the atom bomb. Germans collaborating with the Soviet government appear- ed confident the Korean strug- gle would not sputrk an explo- sion in Europe in the near fu- ture. These are the reasons why, even Hard, Bloody Fight Indicated in Korea Holiday Starts By The Associated Press The nation's highways began swarming with holiday travelers today, and the death toll from acci- dents started a slow1 and steady rise. From 6 p. m. local time Friday to noon Saturday, at least 24 per- isor-s met death on the highways. There were three drownings and persons met violent deaths from other causes attributed to the holi- day. There were no deaths from fire- works accidents among the early fatalities. The national safety council pre- border, dieted 385 persons will be killed) The movement, Chinese Reds Move Troops South 23 Americans Killed in Plane Crash on Korea at Suwon Battle Line 10 Miles North, MacArlhur Says Taipei Chinese Nationalist intelligence sources said today the Sino-Reds in Manchuria had moved troops to the North Korean in automobile accidents by Tuesday midnight unless motorists are extra these careful. Deaths by states, With traffic, drownings, and miscellaneous fatali- ties listed in that order: Georgia 300, Indiana 100, Kansas 100, Maine 010, Mary. land 200, Minnesota 004, Neb- raska 100, New Jersey 110, New York 200, Ohio 100, Pennsylvania 410, Tennessee 300, Texas 303. Vermont 002, Virginia 200 and West Virginia 200. By Max Boyd Washington The reported virtual collapse of the South Korean army means a hard, bloody and perhaps long campaign for American troops thrown into the battle against the Korean Corn- sources specific MacArthur Communique Tokyo, Sunday The text of MacArthur's headquarters communique: North Korean Communist troops that have crossed the Hut river in the vicinity of Seoul are now concentrated about ten miles north of Suwon. Lite reports indicate that Suwon itself and the Suwon airport are being held by South Korean forces. The Suwon area was penetrated by advance elements of the Communist on the night of June 30, but apparently not, in sufficient force to hold their gains. Rains Saturday somewhat curtailed both ground and acti- vity. There was-some increase in enemy activity south of the Kan river but not much. The North Korean Communist forces erected two additional makeshift wooden bridges across (he Han river, making a total ot three such structures. British and Australian naval units have joined United naval forces in Korean waters. Inclement weather hampered naval as well as air activities Sat- urday. South Koreans Retake City as U. S. Troops Land Brainerd Mother, 3 Children Killed in Washington, Kennan is more nearly a private personality than any other man of our time has made a comparable public con- tribution. Characteristically, his only appearance as a conspicuous actor in the world drama was made when he set forth the underlying theory of our foreign policy in the brilliant "Mr. X" article in "For- eign A'fairs." For the rest, his of- lice, his quiet suburban house and the Pennsylvania farm which is hia hobby, have been the land- marks of his Washington life. None the less, a long-past deci- sion of this retiring, gentlemanner- drily witty, scholarly man, so munists. Military men heie said the outlook is all the more grim because) IM foul weather may make it increas-j ingly difficult to bring America's! Balboa, air superiority to bear. At thisi time of year, Korea normally. en- ters a season ot torrential rains Discharged Vets Not Eligible for New Draft Calls Canal Zone A said, was made at the order of Mosoow. j At the same time reports persist- ed here that large numbers of Chi-] nese Communist troops were pour- ing into Manchuria to be thrown into the Korean struggle if neces- sary. 23 Killed in Korean Crash 4 East Air Force headquarters announced today that a C-54 carrying 23 persons, in- cluding a crew of five, crashed on a hill top near Pusan, South (Korea. The announcement said there were no survivors of the crash. I There was no indication that the C-54 was carrying American troops into South Korea. The announcements said the crash occurred yesterday. Censorship Considered almust-nineteenth century in his personal tastes, will hold great sig- nificance lor future twentieth cen- tury all of these are not employed by a future World Ministry of Truth. By some curious accident, at time when the United States had no relations with the Soviet Union, the study of Russia and Russian affairs attracted both George Kc'jnan and the man who would latei 'e his partner In policy-making, Charles E. Bohlen. Perhaps, in Kennan's case, the decision to become a Russian specialist was influenc- ed by the example of his uncle, another d-otge Kennan, whose expose of the czarist system ot political exile in Siberia created one of the grsat international uproars of the 1890's, (Only 60 years ago, the rather comfort- able fate of less than 400 czar- ist political prisoners made all Europe and America tremble with indignation. In these pro- gressive times, some slaves of the Soviet god-state are daily knouted to their tasks.) Washington Army and Air Force veterans who were discharg- ed after the last who didn't sign up for the reserves be recalled to serv- ice on the ground that the war emergency has never ended offi- cially. In general, that was the reply of Army and Air Force spokesmen land overcast skies lasting two months or more. During the next few days, when the' first U. S, ground forces are struggling to get established and stop the rush, of Communist tanks, the weather will be of extreme Importance, It will decide more than anything else, whether the GJ.'s get protection and support from the hundreds of planes avail- able on Japan, Okinawa, Guam and Allied aircraft carriers. Aid Unlimited Initial limits on armed Ameri- -tfrainera, Minn., mother and her three children were among the ISJrOr Korean War NCWS ySrdin plane which had been missing in the Venezuelan jungle for three weeks. The Minnesota victims were Mrs. Betty Hilker and her three children Nelda, Danny and David. M. P. Echols, Genera MacArthur's public infor- mation officer, said today censor- ship was being considered for Korean war news. He did not elaborate. Already headquarters was saying Their was the daughter' of liruft on Gull lake near of U. 3. troops from Japan to South 'Korea. Contrary to usual wartime proce- t Tr o Alt. I -WUMUlttlJT W WUIUWC correspondents were not sion to Colombia, said the wreck- age was sighted 100 miles west of on the northwestern coast of Venezuela. The Venezuelan government was making plans today to remove the 'bodies, which include those of sev- en missionaries, three crew mem- briefed In advance on the opera- tion. No system has yet been set up for briefing correspondents on the today to these two aid to Korea were abandoned Ders and five children. The crash- raised by veterans: 1, In case of a presidential call up of reservists, what would be .the status of form- er officers who did not sign up for the reserve commis- sions after their war service? 2. Could a discharged G.I. be called back to service on the grounds that the draft law which was in effect during Hie war obligated him to serve for the duration and six months? The Air Force said any air of- ficer who was separated from the yesterday, even before the lull pro- portions of the southerner's rout' ed ship was owned by the New Times Mission of Chico, Calif. became known publicly. In his original announcement American intervention, iQlK Truman had mentioned only and ssa support of the defending army. Yesterday the White House dis- closed that ground forces would be used as well. Progress Delayed Chicago The rail strike will be a week old tomorrow morn- ling, and a railroad spokesman says Originally, American planes also peace tajk results so far are .m.. been to fly ovfr the About men are idle, and new reserve commission, could not Communists' home territory. raU revenues and wage, losses of the campaign. Head- quarters has been issuing daily sum- maries of the fighting and the Far East Air Force has been issuing daily announcements of its air oper- One Communist North Korean column was reported today to have broken through the Han river defense line, "A" on the map, and be stabbing toward Suwon. Two South KoreJn divisions, at the "B" position, were still reported to be lighting in the Chunchon. area and on the northeast coast just south of the 38th parallel. U. s. ground units rushed to Korea may set up a defense line north of Taejon, "C" on tne map, the temporary capital, with the Kum river as probable anchorage lor the Wirephoto The Republican-Herald.) be recalled. In case the country should find itself in a new emer- gency, a spokesman said, the Air JForce would review the rolls of (former officers and offer new com- 1 missions to those it wanted. Those been estimated in millions of dol- lars. Five big midwestern. and west- ern rail lines have been hit. Some members of the A.F.L. Switchmen's Union of North (America left At any rate, in tlie new commissions would notiair force- But they added that the years, Kennan and Bohlen to accept them however. tne mh made their surprising choice to Th-e spokesman afided that dis- specialize in Russian problems. Andlcharge certificates protect enlisted thus, at that critical moment when aw veterans of the war against the second world war was ending.jbeir.g recalled, the people of the United States had, An Army representative said Attack fled Bases Officials said it was realized from the start that attacks on home bases would be the most ef- fective way to fight the in their service two courageous, in-lformer Army officers, who were allel was ordered to demonstrate that the United States wanted only to drive the invaders back into their territory. may go out across the nation on July 15. They all are protesting a pre- sidential fact-finding board's re- Okinawa Bombing Rumor Explained Tokyo Tokyo had a wild rumor today that Okinawa, the bigf U. S. air base south of Japan, had been bombed. It turned out that a Superfort pilot yesterday, on a Korean bomb- ing mission, found his bomb bay wouldn't close and jettisoned his bomb load near Okinawa. That's the army public information office version. Wa ton wan County Road Contracts Let St. James, Minn. The Wa- tonwan county board of commis- sioners has let contracts for more than worth of county im- provements. Road repair will take Hawaiian Defenses Believed Adequate By Stanley Carter Pearl Harbor American military authorities believe Hawaii's defenses are adequate to fight off another Pearl Harbor attack. U. S. officers concede that ground, sea and air forces are low in number. But they feel that, "under the present the forces i'are sufficient. They said magic-eye radar completely screens Hawaii on all sides commendation. The unionists want The first floor of the court- a 40-hour week at 48 hours pay.ihouse will be redecorated. Sixteen although radar would not neces- j yesterday. By The Associated Presg Tokyo The North Korean I invaders have been hurled back jfrom Suwon and its important stop by stiffening South Korean de- jfeuse, General MacArthur's head- quarters indicated today. I The Red Forces are concentmt- jed tell miles north, however, and 'have thrown at least three make- shift bridges across the broad Han river. 23 miles north of Suwon, suggesting the imminence of heavier assault. This account, issued at 8.-40 m, Saturday C.S.T., came us American foot soldiers swarmed into far South Korea In a historic airlift and started moving by rail more than 200 miles north to meet the enemy. It evidently was more recent than a Washington Defense de- partment announcement that the Reds had taken Suwon and over- run the temporary American field headquarters there shortly after the Americans pulled out Friday night. Without detailing exactly what happened. MacArthur's commu- nique said, "Late reports indicate that Suwon itself and the Suwon airport are being held by South Korean forces, "The Suwon area was penetrated by advance elements of the Com- munist forces on the night of June 30, but apparently not in sufficient force to hold their gains." Reports direct by telephone from Taejoa, the temporary South Ko- rean capital 73 miles south of Su- won, had said yesterday that the South Korean defense collapsed at Suwon and the Reds were roaring; southward with an armored col- umn. By today, however, the South Ko- rean defense officials stated flatly "there are no tanks south of Han river" and indicated their de- fense had suffered only small breaks on the right flank. The MacArthur communique painted a somewhat grimmer pic- ture than the latest South Korean report but was not so pessimistic as the previous South Korean ac- counts of a major break-through by the Heds. MacArthur's communique said, "There was sonic increase .in en- emy activity south of the Han riv- er, but not much." It intimated that American Air Forces might be attacking northerners' bridges across the Han, but said bad weather ham- pered both air and naval activity sarily give enough advance warn- ing to prevent an air attack such as the December 7, 1941 Japanese (raid. Army, Air Force and Navy offi- 'cers described military strength in Hawaii like this: Land Forces Total strength WEATHER LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 73: minimum, 55; noon, 69; precipitation, .04; sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and vicinity with occasional light rain early _, TT _. night, clearing by Sunday Korea when the U. S. Defying the bad weather, the Air Force steadily threw American In- fantrymen into Pusan, Southeast Korea. They must travel 162 miles northwest by rail to reach Taejon. The Suwon area is 73 miles still farther north. Airlift Planes Safe An Air Force spokesman In Tok- about principally the Army's An Ar spoesman n To- Fifth regimental combat team said the airlift was without in- regimental ISchofield barracks. The Fifth has cident. jabout fully trained and troops, both infantry and jiy toljartilJery. The Fifth was the last Sunday generally fair and quite ended last year. the Korean-Manchurianlhike. tuitive and thoroughly their at men, for whom the Soviet Union I sion" and who did not sign I for new reserve commissions, could j has been no ofjicial ex_ mot be called back. However, someiplanation as to why O- s ground _________ _______ were Placed on inactive duty, forces were not orderod to South have happened, if succeeding than being discharged, Korea at start_ But fighting normally involves larger The ban was lifted yesterday andlThe board suggested a courtroom benches Will 7n the new boundary for U. S. flightslweek and an 18 cent an hour pay j purchased from the New Ulml y cool. Lowest tonight 57; highest! Sea. Except for "a few Additional weather on Page 9. was not a "mystery wrapped in enigma.' It is hard to know what might iw ___.....______c, than retaries 'of State had not always (could be. had at their sides Kennan and Boh- j T len to explain the strange mach-i inery of the Soviet empire, to il-i ruminate the dark places of the! Soviet mind, to unwrap the elab- orate veiling from Soviet pur- poses. In every long-range or day-j to-day decision, they played their j part. It was Kennan, for example, who advised Secretary of Stele Marshall to invite the Russians into the Marshall plan group, at a time when European pub- lic opinion made this necessary, arid with the knowledge that if the Kremlin accepted the invi- tation, the Marshall plan would not pass Congress. No bolder and more brilliant gamble has been made in recent di- plomacy. And it was Kennan also, in his last days in of- fice, who prepared the basic papers on which President Tru- man rested his great Korea de- cision. The basic theory of George Ken- nan and Charles Bohlen, that con- ditions of strength must be creat- ed in order tr> prevent Soviet aggres- sion. has never been more fully proven than by the Korean crisis. As Kennan leaves his office for a year of needed rest and refresh- ment, it is still far from clear whether we shall act on that theory with the force and energy needed to avoid ultimate disaster. But it is at least clear that George Kennan deserves the public thanks of his countrymen. numbers of men tnan aerial com- bat, and consequently more casu- lalties. I The government's first plans ap- iparently were based on the hope that the South Koreans would ral- after their initial setback and of Lieutenant Edward T. John- son, above, 28, of Seattle, be- came the first American jet pilot to bail out over South Korea. He landed safely in a rice field near Suwon airfield. The plane was damaged by a telephone line while Johnson was strafing North Korean positions near Seoul. (A. P, Wirephoto) j offer considerable resistance. j At a Pentagon briefing of re- porters the day before Mr. Tru- jman announced armed aid, Army (spokesmen said the situation in Korea was not hopeless. i If the South Koreans were wel! trained and had the will to fight, one officer declared at that time, 'they should give the invaders con- Isiderable opposition. j Counterattack Fails i The Army spokesman acknow- ledged at this initial briefing that a counterattack by two South Ko- Irean divisions had failed for lack of co-ordination. j They confirmed that two Ameri- ,can divisions withdrawn from jSouth Korea last year had left worth of equipment for the Korean army. .This included no tanks, however. Nor had the Korean air force been given any combat planes. Mr. Truman's decision to sena ground troops closely followed report to Washington by General Douglas MacArthur after visit to the fighting zone Thursday. Defense department spokesmen who told reporters Thursday morn- ing that the South Koreans ap- peared to be making progress to- ward a stabilized front, said later that MacArthur's report had not been received at that time, Wood Products Corporation. patroi the Hawaiian sea He said a C-54 transport that crashed at Pusan, killing 23 men, was not on a troop-carrying; mission. Tom Lambert, A.P. Correspond- ent at Taejon, said no American foot soldiers had yet arrived there late last night. The picture on the Korean war- frontier has only those forces! Picture on tne Korean war- which are in transit. Included was confused. But there were that category at present are: heavy cruiser, an escort carrier and four destroyers. A new task force to back up the Seventh (fleet assigned to General Mac- JArthur is expected to be based (here shortly. Air A variable number of fighter planes und patrol craft. elements: One Communist column appar- ently succeeded in breaking through the vita] Han river defense line last night. Unofficial estimates of the strength of this truck column range up to two thousand men. There was no realiable informa- tion whether the column had Suwon 23 miles south of planes here. The Navy has "ver.. American patrol squadrons and a trainingpfadquarters hastily group which can put fighters into after the break through the air. The Air National Guard Korean defense sources has about 30 fighters. There are South Koreans were hold- evacuated no jets. Colonel Robert N. Young, chief forces, and Colonel Kendall J. Fielder, who will relieve Young July told an interviewer de- fenses are considered adequate at the present time. ing elsewhere along the 75 mile long strategic Han river line. The same sources said 400 south- erners hal infiltrated into Com- munist-held Seoul, presumably for street fighting or to harass the Reds. The invaders have held the They and naval officers .slnce Tuesday or jases in Japan, Guam, the Philip- pines, the Marshalls and Alaska >robably would intercept attackers ,ong before they reached Wednesday. At least two South Korean divi- sions are still fighting far north of the Han river line. Fielder said: "Except for Pearl Harbor, if it were full of ships, we don't have i anything' here worth atom bomb- ing. Hawaii is not a suitable tar- Holding The Corn Cob Pipe he carried through many Pacific campaigns, General Douglas Mac- Arthur chats with two of his top military aides during his visit to Suwon in South Korea. In the center, with his face averted, is Major General E. M. Almond, chief of staff, and at the right is Brigadier General John H. Church, commander of MacArthur's field Wire- photo to The Republican-Herald.) get for an atom Rochester Station IRobber Sentenced Rochester, Minn. Stanley Peck, 38, Rochester, was sentenced in district court today to an inde- terminate term in the Stillwater prison. He pleaded guilty to a third degree robbery charge in connec- tion with a breakin at a filling sta- tion here June 17. sions which have met the Beds in combat are now at 75 per cent of strength or less. This gives a good indication of the beating the de- fenders have taken in the seven days of war. The word that the "Yanks are coming-'' spread like a flame through this city. Several joyful South Koreans pressed the hand an American who told them the news. (Associated Press Correspondent William Jorden said the men in the American Expeditionary Force appeared happy and lit. Jor- den is in South Japan and saw them take off. They apparently ar- rived at the airfield Thursday night.) ;