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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 31, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Fair Tonight And Friday; Warmer Tonight VOLUME 51, NO. 293 Cotter vs. Lourdes 8 Tonight KWNO-FM AM and FM FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA. THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 31, 1952" State Medical Aid Bill for Aged Up Million By JACK B. MACK AY ST PAUL costs for old age assistance recipients soared to a new high of for the fiscal year 1951, or almost two million dollars more than the Pr6V Jarle Leirfallom, state director of social welfare, made this disclosure in his annual rePOTotday0theAsItateShas recipients who received a total of during the fiscal year. This is an average monthly grant of Costs for "medical Leir- fallom said, should not be confused with physicians' fees which repre- sent only 16 per cent of the total. Medical care includes the other necessities, such as the hospital, nursing home, nursing care, and drugs. "Medical costs in this day and the director said, "are in- evitably going to go higher, be- cause of the accent on prolongation of life, expensive drugs, greater specialization and refinement of services, surgical and medical procedures." The average age of old age as- sistance recipients is 77 years. Of the paid out, the aged in rural areas got the biggest slice, This is an average grant of The other are in the urban areas Henne- pin, Ramsey and St. Louis counties, received a total of This is an average grant of S57.25. During the calendar year 1950, the costs of county "and state-ad- ministered programs increased from to a hike of 5.5 per cent over the pre- vious year. Another development in the pub- lic assistance field is the expan- sion of the old age and survivors' insurance program. Lierfallom has pointed out in many previous reports the details of the old age and insurance sur- vivors has urged ex- tension of social security coverage to Minnesota farmers and certain other groups. Groups Near Equal Last year's figures show that the group receiving Old Age and Sur- vivors' insurance is now nearly equal in size to the group receiv- ing old age assistance. This pro- gram paid out during the year in the state, most of which would have had to be paid from old age assistance funds in the absence of the program. Private welfare agencies are an indispensable part of a "sound wel- fare Leirfallom told Gov. Anderson. He said there are many needs, particularly in child welfare, which best can be met by private agencies. The director as- sured the Governor that it is his objective to strengthen all welfare services, both public and private. "It is our opinion that the state's welfare program is stable and Leirfallom reported, "and has progressed satisfactorily dur- ing the year. One constructive as- pect, for example, is a rather ex- tensive study being undertaken by us to determine causes and reme- dies for dependency within the state." Average Grants Up How caseloads and average grants rose during the past 14 years was depicted by Leirfallom. Despite a fairly steady decline in caseload, average grants contin- ued to rise from in June, 1939, to (total grant) in June, 1951. "With increased prices bringing about greater family needs and higher limits on he predicted, "average grants prob- ably will continue to rise despite the effects of a more inclusive old age insurance benefit program and a growing number of private pensions." He said that recent amendments to the Social Security Act have in- creased the benefits to persons receiving Old Age and Survivors in- surance. In Minnesota, per- sons over 65 received these bene- fits in June, 1950. Savings in state old age assist- ance funds resulted from the ex- panded benefits under Old Age and Survivors insurance, which became effective Oct. 30, 1950, he cited. Other report: Minnesota helped 21 children out Anglo-Egyptian Row Due for Settlement portions of Leirfallom's of every children under 18 years of age in the state's popu- lation compared with the national average of 34 children in this age bracket. (During 1951, an average of families with chil- dren were helped to continue as family units. The average month- ly grants per family were and for each child, Total spent for the year was Recoveries in the old age assist- ance program totaled Of this, was in lien recoveries, or 88.3 per cent of the total recoveries. Aid for Blind During the year, 351 blind per- sons applied for vocational reha- bilitation and 92 new applications were carried over from the previ- ous year; a total of 443 new cases for the year. The total caselaod was 701. Aid to the blind was given an average of persons each month, with an average -monthly grant of A total of 212 ap- plications were approved. Receiving direct relief were 129 persons in 1951, or less than in 1950. (Reduction was at- tributable to the high employment resulting from national defense ef- I CAIRO, Egypt WV-Two of Egypt's .leading newspapers today cred- ited Premier Aly Maher Pasha with receptive attitudes toward major Western overtures to the Nile kingdom. The independent Al Ahram quoted the Premier as saying he is ready to receive British proposals for settlement of the bitter Anglo- Egyptian dispute. Al Misri, official organ of the Wafdist government which Maher Pasha displaced, said the new Premier favors a "regional pact' including the Arab state and Britain to defend the Middle East. The Arabs The Arab league states are Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia and Yemen. Al Misri said Maher Pasha's stand for a Middle East pact was outlined in a 1946 statement in which he called for such an alli- ance to replace Egypt's 1936 treaty with Britain. That treaty was can- celled last October by Wafdist Mus- tapha Nahas Pasha's previous government, setting off a rising wave of violence. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the British House of Commons Tuesday that a solution to the An- glo-Egyptian differences should be possible "Which satisfies the legi- timate national aspirations of the Egyptian people." Unity Plan The Wafdists, who still dominate Parliament, have previously insist- ed on the expulsion of the British from the Suez Canal zone and for unification of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan with Egypt. The Wafdists have said they will support Maher Pasha only so long as he fights for these goals. Al Misri said the United States, France and Turkey, whose ambas- sadors called on Maher Pasha yes- today, have "started to pave the way for presentation of new pro- posals to end the Anglo-Egyptian dispute." Congress Asked To O.K. National Primary Plan WASHINGTON A plan for nation-wide presidential primaries went before Congress today. The sponsors, Sen. Douglas CD- Ill) and Rep. Charles E. Bennett said the plan would not require a constitutional amend- ment, and could apply to the 1952 campaigns. Primary voting, as envisioned in the proposal, would not bind con- vention delegates but probably would exert a "strong persuasive influence" on their Douglas and Bennett decisions, said in a statement. Up to People They said their purpose is "to bring about greater direct partici- pation" by the people in the nom- ination of candidates for president and vice president. Under the plan, the attasney gen- eral would be directed to-work out agreements with the various states to conduct presidential preferential primaries for the major political parties. The federal government would share the cost of the primaries, paying the states up to 20 cents for each vote cast. The states would provide election personnel, registration books and other facil- ities. A 10 million dollar ceiling would be put on federal expenses. Offers Amendment Sen. Smathers (D-Fla) this week introduced a proposed constitution- al amendment that would replace the convention system with direct primaries. Douglas and Bennett said, "it takes a long time to se- cure the passage of constitutional amendments and the bill which we are introducing can be enacted promptly by Congress and take ef- fect for 1952 elections." Mines in Jap Sea TOKYO The Japanese Mari- time Safety board said today 17 mines were found this month in the Sea of Japan which separates Jap- an from Korea and Siberia. Their origin was not disclosed. Allies Propose Discussions on Foreign Troops Last Phase of Korean Armistice Program Raised MUNSAN, Korea Allies today proposed that truce nego- tiators tackle yet another prob- final clause of a Korean armistice. This is recommendations to belligerent governments, including ultimate withdrawal of foreign troops from Ko- rea. The Com- munists have been wanting to talk about it since the truce negoti- ations began. If the Reds ac-j cept, it would i mean every key armistice prob- lem would be un- der discussion si-1 multaneously in a Admiral Joy three-tent performance. Negotiators have been dead- locked for weeks on agenda items three and four, supervision of a truce and exchange of prisoners. But Vice Adm. C. Turrier Joy, se- nior Allied delegate, suggested simultaneous negotiations on item five in an effort to speed the sign- ing of a truce. On Conference Agenda The recommendations section was included in the conference 'agenda to meet a Communist de- mand for withdrawing foreign troops from Korea. The U. N. re- fused to consider troop withdrawal as part of an armistice, but finally agreed to consider such a recom- mendation to governments involved in the Korean war. The question then would be settled on a higher, political level. Brig. _Gen. William P. Nuckols, official U.N. spokesman, said he believes the Reds also plan to pre- sent a recommendation for final settlement of the Korean question at a higher level. He declined to say whether the Allies would submit recommenda- tions if a third tent is sst up at Panmunjom. Truman Making Flood Survey WASHINGTON Presi- dent Truman took off at a.m. today on a flight over the four-state area damaged by the flooding Ohio River. The President used a four- engine Constellation to make the trip. His own plane, the Independence, is on the West Coast for routine over-hauling. a Week for Plumber Atomic Energy Building Costs Under Investigation LOS ANGELES 300 men hired to work at the Atomic Energy Commission's Nevada proving grounds were not given proper security checks, an AEC dispute panel has been told. Wilbur E. Bowers, timekeeper for the McNeil Construction Com- pany, testified yesterday that checks were not made on some 300 of 447 men he hired for a construction project because of a shortage of forms calling for detailed background information. The panel is hearing a protest by the McNeil firm against can- cellation of its contract for erecting a control building on the site. The AEC voided the fixed- fee contract on the grounds Mc- Neil didn't finish on time. McNeil contends it was delayed because of labor "pirating" by Haddock Engineers, Ltd., which took ad- vantage of its cost-plus contract to pay extravagant overtime. Request Ignored Bowers said when Bis supply of security check forms was exhaust- ed, he wrote the AEC's security board in Las Vegas for more. "My request was he said. Bruce McNeil, president of the firm, accused the government of authorizing burning of between and worth of lumber after his contract .was voided. He described it as "usable form lum- ber, which can be used repeated- and said he intends to sue for damages. Other disclosures of a week wages for laborers and week- ly for plumbers drew Washington reaction yesterday. The Senate- House atomic energy committee ordered a hearing on test site wages and the Wags Sta- bilization Board ordered a similar probe. AEC Chairman Gordon Dean told the Senate-House committee that the pay was for an emergency work stint to finish installations in time for scheduled tests last fall. A Good Week The bonanza payment, to Plumbing Superintendent M. H. Stewart of Haddock, represented 123 hours of work 40 at straight time, 83 at double, plus for subsistence. Dean said it was nec- essary "to keep the project mov- ing." Test Manager Carroll Tyler said paying Stewart double time was cheaper than hiring another man. "We normally do not use cost- plus he said. Dean said the McNeil contract was canceled Sept. 24 because work was not proceeding fast enough. Haddock rushed the work to completion in time for the first test Oct 22, he said. After hearing today's testimony, the panel, composed of two uni- versity deans, moves to Las Vegas to look into the effect of the wages on the Nevada labor market. Wanger's Friends Give Him 'Loans' HOLLYWOOD of the biggest men in movieland have re- portedly rallied to the financial aid of producer Walter Wanger, who faces a costly trial on an assault charge. Wanger, involved in bankruptcy proceedings a year ago, "needed producer William Perl- berg explained. So, Perlberg said, at the urg- ing of a group of Wanger's "poker playing he agreed to collect it. Executives Sa- muel Goldwyn, Walt Disney, Darryl Zanuck, Jack and Harry Warner and oth- ers are said to Walter Wanger be among the contributors. Wan- ger, who would not comment, re- portedly told friends he considers the sums loans and will repay them. He is charged with shooting and wounding Jennings Lang, agent of his wife, actress Joan.Bennett, and goes to trial Feb. 26. Wanger said Lang "broke up my but Lang and Miss Bennett deny any romance. T ruman TWENTY-FOUR PAGES Out In N. Hampshire Cincinnati Prepared For Big Ohio Flood CINCINNATI residents of the thickly populated metropoli- tan Cincinnati area paid scant attention today as the flood swollen Ohio River rose steadily toward an anticipated crest of 57.5 feet. That would be five and a half feet above flood stage but persons living here and in adjacent towns in Kentucky and Indiana pointed out that only 15 years ago yesterday the river stage was 76 feet. That was during the 1937 flood when the peak was 80 feet. The serious damage from the flood apparently already has been miles upstream. In its early rampage the river had driven upward of persons from their homes and cost the lives of 10 persons. Some time during the day, the muddy stream was to get a per- sonal once over from President Truman. He was to make an aerial survey of the flood area. Cold weather had slowed the ri- ver's rise 'and the U. S. Weather Bureau said it had over-estimated the amount of water that would be dumped into the Ohio by its tributaries. The damage, however, was fig- ured to be in the millions of dol- lars. The crest here was expected to be reached early tomorrow. Such a stage would inundate many streets, homes and business houses in the "bottoms" areas both in Cincinnati and in Kentucky towns across the river. Governor Deplores Plan to Feed Oleo To School Children ST. PAUL C. Elmer Anderson said in a letter last night be would not subscribe to a campaign to encourage use of oleomargarine in the school lunch program. Mrs. Margaret A. Prentice, chairman of school lunch super- visors at Albany, N. Y., had forwarded a resolution to that effect to the governor. She said it had been passed by the American School Food Service Association, urging that colored margarine be added to school menus. Revenue Bureau Reorganization Plan Advanced WASHINGTON President Truman's plan to take the Internal Revenue Bureau out of politics and reorganize it under a merit sys- tem was a long step closer to realization today. It had received the overwhelm- ing approval of the House and, un- less vetoed by the Senate, will be- come effective March 15. House approval of the plan came indirectly late yesterday. By voice vote the House killed a resolution that would have rejected the plan. Plan Civil Service One of its major provisions would abolish the patronage system of appointing revenue collectors and put them under Civil Service. The plan would abolish the 53 in- ternal revenue collectorships and authorize up to 14 district commis- sioners who, with deputies in ev- ery state, would be Civil Service employes instead of political ap- .pointees. All other key bureau em- ployes, except the commissioner himself, would be under Civil Service. President Truman sent the pro- posal to Congress after disclosures of scandals in the Internal Revenue Bureau. He said-it was designed to correct organizational defects that contribute to "inefficient management" and thereby afford "the opportunity for improper con- duct." Could Keep Jobs Nothing would prevent the pres- ent collectors from keeping their jobs under the new setup, if they can qualify. Some members of Congress don't like the plan of Revenue Commis- sioner John B. Dunlap to rotate the deputy collectors from one area to another. Dunlap told the Senate expendi-. tures committee yesterday it is his intention, if the plan is not rejected by Congress, to shift the tax col- lectors from state to state so they won't get too chummy with tax payers. Slate for Ike Seen in State MINNEAPOLIS (tfi Bradshaw Mintener, state chairman of Min- nesotans for Eisenhower said last night that Eisenhower definitely will be entered in the Minnesota presidential primary. "I am sure an Eisenhower slate will be Mintener said, add- ing it will be done without sanc- tion of national Eisenhower lead- ers. Mintener said he would not make the filing because he was part of the Eisenhower national team but a slate "will be filed by someone else." Filings for the state's presiden- tial primary by nominating peti- tion open Friday. Mintener made the announce- ment at a meeting sponsored by the Hennepin County Young Re- publicans League at the Curtis Ho- tel. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and fair tonight and Friday. Warmer tonight, becoming colder Friday night. Low tonight 30, 'high Fri- day 45. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 45: minimum, 23; noon, 45; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at Additional weather on Page 21. Dirline Timke, 21, a senior student nurse, holds a defibrillator which doctors at the Presbyterian Hospital in Chicago said was used to shock her heart back to life after it had quit for an hour and 45 minutes. The instrument is explained to her by a doctor who prefers not to have his identity revealed. Physicians said that a jolt of 110 volts was sent directly through her exposed heart after three doctors took turns massaging it by hand to keep blood cir- culating through her body. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald.) Truman Warns nation Needs Tax Increase WASHINGTON Truman has expressed the view that to try to get along without another tax boost would not be "safe.' He gave his opinion in a letter made public today by Senators Moody (D.-Mich.) and Monroney They had written the President on Dec. 30 that they believed a tax increase this year would not be "wise or necessary." In a reply dated Jan. 26, Truman said "the fiscal outlook of the gov- ernment is such that it is not safe to forego some increases in taxes. "the "I am sorry that this is the President added, "be- cause I do not like to ask for high- er taxes any more than anyone else does. However, we have got a job td do and it has to be done." In opposing another general tax increase, the two senators suggest- ed three alternatives to a tax boost: 1. Closing of tax loopholes. 2. Seeking additional specific economies. 3. "Averaging off our fiscal bal- ance in a five year package." On this last point, they said: "The mobilization program, we are informed, calls for huge ex- penditures for two to three years and, barring a general war, con- siderably less military expendi- tures in the following two to three years. "The level of general taxes is now high. If the current level of tax rates were continued for the entire five years rearmament per- iod, we believe that the surplus of the last two or three years of the five year period would balance the budget, or more, over the period." Portland, Me., Warehouse Burns PORTLAND, Me. won control early today of a threatening, general alarm blaze in a five-story fruit and produce warehouse on the waterfront. It gave them nearly a two hour battle in subzero cold and threat- ened, for a time, several other wholesale houses in a long block of brick buildings on the north side of Commercial Street. Deputy Fire Chief Charles E. Feeney said it was the first gener- al alarm fire in five years. Sharp Increase Predicted in Men Drafted WASHINGTON Draft Direct- or Lewis B. Hershey today predict- ed a sharp increase in the number of men to be drafted between now and June 30. He told the House Armed Serv- ices Committee present estimates are that the Armed Forces will call upon Selective Service for 000 men during the seven-month period ending June This is an average of slightly more than monthly and con- siderably more than the February and March figures. Assuming that draft-elig- ible men will be taken into service during the seven-month he said, there will be men re- maining in the available manpower pool on June 30. Nosedive Caused By Binding Tape WASHINGTON The Civil Aeronautics Board'said yesterday the foot nosedive of a Capital Airlines DC-4 earlier in the week probably was caused by loose and flapping binding tape from the plane's left elevator. Billy Graham Praises Congress For Exposing Crime, Corruption WASHINGTON Evangelist Billy Graham says the present Congress is "the greatest we've had in a generation because it has exposed crime and corruption more than any other." "Thank God for this he told a crowd of who at- tended his meeting last night at the National Guard armory here. "We need the kind of political life today where justice and honor are as good as a man's Graham said. "We need the kind of men in political life who will speak out on.every issue, without evasion and without deception." But on the other band, he added, ''unjustified criticism and recrimi- nation is wrong in the sight of God." He said, "In the city of Washing- ton thousands of lies are told in social, business and political inter- course for personal advantage." Graham said also he bad never heard snch "fflth and dirt that comes out of a man's mouth" as he had in Washington. The evangelist urged his listen- ers to attend a mammoth rally be plans to stage on the Capitol steps Sunday. He has predicted to will attend the open air meeting. He said the rally win be moved indoors, however, if the weath- er dictates it Warns Decision Doesn't Preclude 3rd Term Try Primaries Eyewash, President Tells Capital Newsmen WASHINGTON President Truman said today he will his name withdrawn as a candidate in the New Hampshire preferential primary, but that this would not preclude his running for re-elec- tion. The President again declined to say whether he will be a candi- date for another term or when he will announce his intentions. At his weekly news conference, Truman toed in vain to discour- age questions on his plans, saying there were more important things to talk about. He said if he decided to run, he could, get the nomination without going into any of the state pri- maries. Pressed for Decision The President was pressed for his attitude toward the action of James McPhail, a lumber dealer, in entering his name in the Demo- cratic preferential primary in New Hampshire. The voting March 11 will be the first of kind in the nation this year. .Truman said he saw about that in the paper. He added his name will be taken out of the election. Truman spoke words of for Ellis Arnall, former governor of: Georgia, who came out of conference with him yesterday say- ing it was safe to speculate the. President will seek .re-election. The President declined, however, to confirm ArnalTs speculation. The President denied knowing of any move among his associates to "stop" Sen. Kefauver of Tennes- see, an avowed candidate for the Democratic nomination for Presi- dent. Don't Mean a Thing Pressed directly as to whether his decision to withdraw his name from the New Hampshire primary precluded his running for President. Truman said: Not at all. And he added that, all these pri- maries are eyewash. These primaries don't mean thing, he said, when the nominat- ing convention meets. Truman said there was no sense in his entering a presidential pre- ferential primary that if he wanted the presidency he did not have to go into any primary. Joe McCarthy Truman Says WASHINGTON President Truman today denounced Sen. Mc- Carthy (R.-Wis.) as pathological and as a character assassin. The President let go at the Wis- consin senator at a news confer- ence in response to questions about McCarthy's Senate speech earlier this week on Philleo Nash, a'spe- cial White House assistant." McCarthy said Nash, a special assistant concerned with minority problems, had close associations with Communists in the 1940's. Nash denied it. Snaps Back Snapping back, the President re- ferred to the Wisconsin senator as the pathological Mr. McCarthy. He said the attack on Nash was the same kind of attack McCarthy has made on all government work- ers be does not like. A reporter recalled McCarthy had said FBI'reports linked Nash with Communist associates and asked the President if the FBI did have such reports. Truman responded with a ques-, tion: Does he (McCarthy) ever tett the truth? And he added that if McCarthy does, he (the Presidenty' does not know it. Truman went on to say that Mc- Carthy does not need to be a character his business. And, with an edge in his voice, the President said he himself was not talking with Senator Immune McCarthy, as a is im- mune from lawsuits growing out of his remarks on the Senate floor.' The President, speaking -OT such an occasion as a news does not have such specifically de- fined immunity. ;