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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 31, 1950, Winona, Minnesota LITTLE CHANGE IN TEMPERATURE VOLUME 49, NO. 293 WIN0NA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 31, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY BOY SCOUT WEEK FEBRUARY 6-12 SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Farm Policy Nearest to Welfare Aim By Joseph and Stewart AIsop Washington If you are a bit bemused by all the bellowing about the "welfare It is a good idea to look Into the present status of national farm policy. Here is where you can see how j state economic planning may real-! ly work in America, simply be- cause state planning has advanced further in this particular economic sector than In any other. Because of federal farm support prices, a very high proportion Of all the major crops of this coun- try now passes through the hands of a government agency, the Com- modity Credit Corporation. The CCC makes loans on, or pur- chases outright, everything from cotton and wheat to blue lupine seeds. It controls vast storage fa duties, deals actively on the com modity exchanges, and offers farm products lor export. Secre- tary of Agriculture Brannan has just asked that the CCC's cap- ital be Increased by Nor does the government stop at subsidizing the farmers under the cover of the CCC's highly philanthropic banking trading op- eration. The government is also empowered to exercise a consid- erable measure of control over the acreages of each crop that the farmers may plant. THE FIRST THING you discov- er when you venture into this vi- tal area of national policy, is tha1 this is the happy hunting ground of special interests. Last year, for example, Secretary Brannan very nearly succeeded in getting an ad' ministration approved farm bill through the Senate. At the lasl minute, however, he was defeated by his great enemies, the Ameri- can Farm Bureau federation, and the previous secretary of agricul- ture, now the strongest man on the Senate agriculture committee, Senator Clinton Anderson, of New Mexico. How was this great defeat ad- ministered to Brannan? The an- swer Is simple. The Brannan-ap- proved bill did not offer support prices to tung nuts, honey and pulled wool. The senators from the honey, tung nuts and pulled- wool states were easily made to see how vital it was for these com- modities to be subsidized by the taxpayer. Honey, tung nuts and pulled wool went Into Senator An- derson's bill. And Senator Ander- son's bill passed Instead ol Sec- retary Brannan's. Behind all the present clamor for and against the Brannan farm plan, the same sort of process op- erates on a much larger scale. The principles of the Brannan plan are very simple. INSTEAD OF THE PRESENT disguised subsidies, farmers are to be paid open subsidies in the form of "production whenever crop prices fall too low. Instead of being stored, or even destroyed, the subsidized farm pro- ducts are to be sold on the open market for what they will bring, and eaten by the taxpayers. And because profits will thus be guar- anteed to farmers, much more ef- fective government controls are to be Imposed on acreages planted. It is not the purpose here to say whether the Brannan plan is, or is not a good plan. What needs to be pointed out, rather, is the ex- treme hypocrisy that pervades the whole debate about this great Is- sue. The American Farm Bureau, for Instance, bitterly denounces the plan as socialistic. But the Farm Bureau is led by Allan B. Kline, who was spotted for secretary of agriculture in the Dewey admin- istration. The Farm Bureau is al- so controlled by large farmers. And one of the original Brannan, plan's best features wns a clause: Paris MAKE TRUMAN 70-Day Coal Strike Truce Proposed Attempt to Free 'Mo' Fails, Battleship Believed on Rock From The Fire control tower forward, the battleship Missouri looked like this today as tugs, clustered around the ton warship, struggled to free her from a Chesapeake Bay mudfaank at Norfolk, Va. Some members of the crew are watching from forward gun turret. The effort was un- Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) A-Bomb Production, Stockpiling Mounts By Frank Carey, Associated Press Science Writer Atomic Energy commission said today atomic weapons are being produced, improved and stockpiled at an ever-grow- ing pace. The AEC also declared that "new bench-marks of accomplishment have been set in the long-range program for peacetime development of the atom's power. In a semi-annual report to Congress, the commission made no reference to any plans to develop a super-bomb employing hydrogen. It did disclose that it was doing a lot of work on studying how three By Harry Nash Aboard the Battleship Missouri Fact-Finders To Investigate Mine Deadlock Truman Requests Return to Pits; Report in 60 Days Tru- man today called for a 70-day truce in the coal mining deadlock while presidential fact-finders investigate. He proposed to act outside the union-hated Taft-Hartley act, fol- lowing the same pattern he used1 In last year's steel strike. In messages to the United Mine Workers and leading operator groups, Mr. Truman asked that they agree to: 1. Seventy days of full coal pro- duction beginning February 6. 2. An investigation by a presiden- tial board of three which would be under instructions to make recom- mendations within 60 days for a settlement of the mining contract dispute. The President asked for replies to his proposal by noon Saturday, February 4. Mr. Truman stepped into the sit- uation as the number of coal miners now Idle rose to over The other miners are working only three days a week. His proposal came only 24 hours before John L. Lewis, head of the United Mine Workers, Is to renew contract negotiations with northern and western miners. Their talks are to open here at 2 p. m. (E.S.T.) .to- morrow. Mr. message: "In making this'proposal, I-do not wish to interfere with any bargain- Ing conferences that may assist in the settlement of this dispute. I would appreciate your Informing me by 12 noon Saturday, February 4, 1950, If the normal production of coal will be resumed on Monday, off Norfolk, Va. Another at-JFefaruary 6, 1950, without reference tempt to float this grounded bat-i to this proposal, tleship failed today and salvage! "If production will be so resumed experts said "we believe we are (this proposal may be disregarded, hung on a rock." j "If you can not inform me that TjLr Admiral Homer N Wallin normal Production will be resumed Kear Admiral n. wauiu_ i French Assembly Upholds Bidault On Tax Increase [different forms of hydrogen can be jused to produce atomic energy on a laboratory scale. President Truman has said that it's up to him to decide whether this nation should try to develop a by- Premier Georges One workman lost his life and a million and a half gallons of wine flowed down the street at Cucamonga, Calif., when winery storage building and vats were completely destroyed by fire. During the fire a brandy vat exploded with a force that shook, the town. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Search Plane Crashes, Pilot Reports 3 Hurt Whitehorse, T. search pilot, his face broken and Woody, Jtought through'deep snow and tangled forest late yesterday to report his plane had crashed 21 miles to the south: Three of the men he left behind were injured. He said the two others were; "all right." The U. S. Air Force C-47 went down while engaged in the north country's greatest aerial mercy hunt for a U.S.A.F, C-54 beyond those of uranium or pluto- nium bombs. The AEC's references to expert- .noiiw a tijw-j w aimed nt the present shocking sit- Bidault won a vote of confidenceiments with hydrogen would seem to nation, in which large farmers today in the French national th.t if PrpriHpnt Truman uation, in which large farmers are given enormous annual pres- ents by the American treasury, WHEN THE POTATO support- price mess was at its worst for instance, more than one "farmer" in Aroostook county, Maine, was getting above S500.000 annually from the government for his fac- tory-farmed crop. Such "farmers" imply that if President Truman sembly on his demand for tax vhe go_anead signal to his creases to balance the budget. j t the scientists have The vote was 299 to 292 sQme j worketj out on tne It came on the first of five-con- and are ready to apply fidence votes he had demanded to towards seeing if they can a Practical weapon. Reported prograss on Improving Sd ed government proposed -d inc, ninde profits of a year or I tax boosts. more. To end this nonsense, Bran- Bidault had threatened to resign nan proposed to put a ceiling precipitate a government cris-'13 lnal uc of on the crops that! is unless his billion would be eligible for subsidy balanced budget a b would bomb would any one farm. This was socialism. 1950 was approved. and aroused natural indignation. The other really impelling ob- f nnn jection to the Brannan plan is the LOSS increase of government controls' _.. _. _. over farmers. But even the most! In Oil riant lire conservative Republicans in. Con- press now accept the rule that our Los Angeles Explosion H-bomb, with an orthodox farmers must be guaranteed pro-: of a tank of solvent; 'buut m. fits. If the fanners are to br guar-j touched off an oil processing plant j The AEC. in its seventh semi- anteed profits, but not ccvitrolled.lfire. Flames and billowing report to Congress declared the temptation will be irresistible; visible 50 miles away, attracted'that: "booster" or "primer" for the H- bomb. Thus, whatever improvements may have been made in the bombs drop- ped on Japan, they would just in- crease the wallop of a perfected to increase output until there is motorists and created a, hopeless glut of every crop, and huge traffic jam. the whole system collapses in Ten fire companies battled the chaos. In short, firm farm con-1flames for four hours last night, trols are the essential price of; The blast blew the heivy top guaranteed farm profits. And ifiof the tank 300 feet into the air.! controls are to be honestly attack-jit plummeted through the roof of must be attacked, :a nearby iron foundry plant, scat-] terins flaming solvent over a 100-yard area, damaging several parked autos. The fire occured at the TJ. B.j Bray Company plant, which pro-! cesses lubricating oils and sol- vents. Several 50-gaUon drums ex- Mlhvaukce Mrs. Esther jploded in a flaming shed, endan Barczynski, 30. of Milwaukee, diedigering firemen. There were no in- at Johnston Emergency hospital juries. last nigh', of burns suffered when; Dr. Bray, company president, her nightgown caught fire as she! estimated damage at to- lighted a vigil candle in her Firemen said the blaze! The medical examiner's started when a pipe' said burns covered three-quarters i broke, allowing oil to drop on aj of her body. I hot boiler. I ed, subsidies too. Candle Lighter's Burns Fatal 1. Weapons development and stockpiling "moved on at a growing pace" during the past year. 2. Production of weapons was changed to an "Industrial type of a view to switching from a "custom built" type of operation to one de- signed "with a view to faster and more efficient production." 3. "Design" of weapons was meaning that means were achieved for getting more wallop out of the same amount of explosive ma- terial utilized in the originally- exploded A-bombs. 4. The output of fissionable and pluton- ium. which can be used in bombs or in peacetime and applica- new records." and beach gear exerting some tons of pull indicated I would then want your reply to this proposal by 5 p. m. Sat- "probably a large rock has dented the ship's bottom and keeps February 4, and I urge your acceptance m the national interest." from, riding over The boss of the salvage job. Rear Admiral Allan J3. Smith, said another attempt the fifth since the Big Mo ran aground on Destroys Chesarjeake bav shoal January will be made tomorrow morning. If that try fails still another attempt will be made Stock Today's operation, described a "co ordination rehearsal" for Thursday's scheduled effort, began at a.m. and was Durand off at The Missouri's bow moved Wis. (Special) Fire degree to starboard (the out about p.m. Monday she did not move an the Lacy and Leota McGee toward the deep water that northeast of here destroying only a half mile large barn in a blaze. Faces of officers and men hay and equipment grim as the ton ship in the barn were lost. Three bornly resisted the combined cows, two pigs and a heifer ing power of 13 tugs, two burned to death. duty salvage ships and nine of the fire has not been gear rigs each exerting a Fire fighters from force of some 80 called to the farm about "There is no question about miles from here reported Missouri's getting was no electricity In the Smith said, "it will just careful planning and hard cold weather, neighbors Today's high tide was only out to help prevent the inch above the predicted high from spreading to the farm the date. Hope that a about 150 yards away. above normal tide would be of the Joss is covered by ed into the bay by northeast Lacy and Leota Mc- which began to blow last night] Gee, elderly brother and were crushed when the wind the 160-acre farm located on ped to a mere 85. which dropped from sight last Thursday with 44 persons aboard. Lieutenant Charles R. Harden, pilot of the C-47 which arrived here Sunday from Elmendorf Field, Anchorage, Alaska, was brought In last night by two civil- ian employes of the U. S. engi- neers. They picked him up on the narrow Carcross road 21 miles be- this principal Yukon air base. "My plane is he wearily told search officials. He placed the crash scene as five miles east of the spot where he was found. A ground rescue crew headed by Lieutenant Edwin Gulzlnski, Camp Carson, Colo., left immedi- ately for the site. They were ex- pected to reach the survivors sometime this morning. Help on Way Planes circled over the wreck- age throughout the night to as- sure the men that help was on the, way. How seriously three of the men were Injured was not known. Harden was unable to tell. Among the two who escaped with shock and minor bruises was Jack Bor- ges, of the Midnight Sun Broad- casting Company, Anchorage, who was aboard as a civilian observ- er. Names of the others were not learned, but all were crewmen from Elmendorf Field. Harden's plane plunged into the trees near the foot of Mount Cari- bou in midmorning while flying] low in search of the vanished C-54.1 The exhausted pilot had carried] _ pack and sleeping bag with him in his six-hours arduous trek through the woods before he was picked up. He said he had plan- ned to sleep by the roadside if no one had come along. The new rescue operation tem- porarily eclipsed the search for the C-54 which disappeared on a homeward flight from Anchorage to Biggs Field, El Paso, Texas. Members of the 28th Bomber Squadron, from South Dakota, based at Great Fall, Mont., to search the Yukon for a missing Army C-54 and Its passengers and crew, bring portable heaters to their ships to warm up motors. Many operations were unable to fly because below zero tem- peratures immobllizedvcnglnra. Mrs. Joyce Espe, 23, formerly of Pittsburgh, Pa., and wife of Master Sergeant Robert Espe stationed In Alaska, and her 23-month-old son, Victor, are among those aboard the Army plane missing in the Yukon. She was en route to the U. S. be- cause Alaska climate was found detrimental to her health. She Is expecting another child. Sparta Wife Pleads Guilty In Slaying Sparta, Wis. tfP) Mrs. Grace Parr, a tiny farmwife, pleaded guilty in justice court today of the first degree murder of her husband. Mrs. Parr, 22, waived preliminary hearing on the charge that she shot her husband, Francis, 46, through the head with a .32 caliber revolver. Justice of the Peace Harry L. Beckman bound the 100 pound, five foot one inch woman over to the circuit court for trial. District At- Ironey William J. Glelss said it was likely an attorney would be ap- pointed to represent her. Mrs. Parr, who showed no emotion during her brief court appearance, was held in the Monroe county jail. She had admitted previously that she shot her middle-aged husband as he lay asleep.In bed in the tar paper shack where the couple lived. Nation Must Be Defended, AECIsToid Will Continue Work Pending Effective Controls TrU- man today told the Atomic Energy commission to work on the "so- called hydrogen or super-bomb." He said in a three-paragraph statement that he has ordered the AEC to continue work on all forms of atomic weapons, including the super bomb, because of his respon- sibility "to see to it that our country is able to defend itself againsi. any possible aggressor." He added that this work will pursued on a basis consistent with American plans for peace and se- curity. The development of atomic wea- pons is to continue, the President directed, "until a satisfactory plan i for International control of atomic achieved." I This is his statement launching the government officially into a hunt for .a new weapon perhaps as much as times as powerful as the original A-bomb: "It is part of my responsibil- ity as commander in chief of the armed forces to see to it that our country is able to defend itself against any possible aggressor. "Accordingly, I have directed the Atomic Energy commission to continue its work on all forma of atomic weapons, including so-called hydrogen or super- bomb. Like all other work in field of atomic weapons, it is being and will be carried for- ward on a basis consistent with the over-all objectives of our prop-am for peace and security. "This we shall continue to do until satisfactory plan for in- ternational control of atomic energy if achieved. We shall also continue to examine all those factors that affect our program for peace and this country'! The question of whether United States should undertake pro- duction of the bomb has been under [behind-the-scenes debate for at least four longer. The cost of the project has been variously estimated up to 000. But some estimates have run as low 8 Drown When Ship Sinks Rotterdam, The Netherlands 743-ton German ship S. S. Fidamus has sunk near the German Island Borkum, the British tug Ru- mania reported by radio today. The radio message, picked up here, said the Rumania rescued eight survivors and that a search for eight other missing crew mem- bers was continuing. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight and Wednesday, No important temperature change. Low tonight in the city -5, in rural areas Highest Wednesday 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 12; minimum, -4: noon, 12; precipitation, trace (one- half Inch of sun sets to- night at sun rises tomorrow at EXTENDED FORECAST Minnesota and Wisconsin: Tem- peratures will average 3-5 degrees below normal south and 5-10 de- grees below normal north. Normal maximum ranging from 17 extreme north to 36 extreme south. Normal minimum ranging from 2 below ex- treme north to 17 extreme south. Rather cold weather during period with minor day to day changes. Precipitation average will range from near one-fourth inch north- and west to around one-half inch southeast portion. Occasional peri- ods of snow or snow flurries. TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec- Bemidji Duluth Int. Falls 0 4 -l Paul Rochester St. Cloud 0 3 -1 Willmar 2 Abilene 33 Chicago........ 21 17 7 15 58 76 79 17 Seattle......... 22 Denver Des Moines Kansas City Los Angeles New Orleans New York 63. 59 Winnipeg......-16 Phoenix Washington -10 -5 -14 -3 -5 -6 -6 30 20 11 -6 9 35 72 66 -1 2 38 32 -27 .02 .06 .03 .02 .06 .07 .44 .08 .01 .20 .02 .09 .60 ;