Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 30, 1953, Winona, Minnesota
Cloudy With Occasional Snow Tonight, Saturday Dial 3322 To Place Your Want Ad VOLUME 52, NO. 293 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 30, 1953 SIXTEEN PAGES Ai An Aftermath of last Sunday's reportedly costly U. N. at- tack on T-Bone hill in Korea, said to have been staged before "in- vited Rep. Clare Hoffman (R) Mich., inspects a copy of a resolution he presented in the House demanding a full report from Defense Secretary Wilson. Many other legislators joined Hoffman in demanding investigation of the unsuccessful military action in which losses were said to be "heavy." e 'Operation Smack Defended by Army By'ROBERT TUCKMAN SEOUL W) The Army said today that last Sunday's "Operation Smack" raid in Western Korea which aroused a storm of criticism in the U. S. Congress would win "only praise" when the full story The Army did not say when it would disclose the full story, but TODAY Ike Needs To Assert Leadership By JOSEPH STEWART ALSOP Eisen- hower's State of the Union message next Monday is an event to be awaited with, bated breath. For the message wifl'give the President an occasion to reassert his national leadership in no uncertain terms. If he fails to do so, he may find the real powers of decision slipping out of his hands. There have been plenty of symp- toms of this danger. Two occurred on the same day, last Tuesday. On that day. Chairman Daniel Reed of the House Ways and Means Com- mittee, announced to the press that he would push through his 11 per cent tax cut bill come what may, adding that the House would delay passing the bill only "over my dead body." Neither' Eisenhower's Secretary of the Treasury, George Hum- phrey, nor any other Eisenhower official was. consulted on the Reed tax bill. In fact, Reed flatly told members of his committee that he intended to get the bill passed no matter what Eisenhower, or Hum- phrey, or anyone else, had to say about it. His object, he said, was correspondents were obtaining information from various sources including the commander of the U. S. 7th Division which made the raid. However, there was some confu- sion. Capt. Clair M. Wolfe of Omaha, Nab., division public in- formation officer, said tonight he j still held that post. Earlier he said he had been relieved. "It was a he told cor- respondents. "I was not relieved. I am PIO of the 7th Infantry Division and will be until I rotate to Japan." Press Chief Wolfe was in charge of press coverage of the raid on Spud Hill. The Chinese stopped the attack cold after weathering an intensive aer- ial and artillery pounding. I Some lawmakers seemed con-! vinced that American soldiers had I been exploited to put on a perfor- No Struggle Between Ike And Congress Rules Change Makes Vetoing Powers Easier By RELMAN MORIN WASHINGTON UP) The White House ,says no struggle is develop- ing today between President Eisen- hower and Congress over proce- dure in streamlining the govern- ment. A change in voting rules recom- mended by Senate and House committees would make it easier jfor Congress to veto presidential I reorganization moves. White House Press Secretary James C. Hagerty disclosed yes- terday that Eisenhower knew in advance of the planned and was agreeable to it. Hagerty said there is no conflict of view on the point. He told reporters congressional leaders informed the President Monday that the voting procedure on reorganization acts probably would be revised. Hagerty said the President was not opposed, Testimony Unexplained Unexplained, however, -was the testimony of Joseph M. Dodge, di-j rector of the budget, who told a House committee he "took a vigor- ous position" against the changes. Dodge normally would express the attitude of the President. Hagerty would not discuss the apparent contradiction. Last Tuesday, committees in both houses voted to alter the rule on rejection of reorganization plans submitted by the President. Under the existing statue, due tu expire March 31, a majority vote from the entire membership of the House, or the Senate, is required to block presidential pro- posals to shift agencies or func- tions of government. That is, 49 senators and 218 representatives have to cast a "nay" vote in or- der to kill a plan. Under the proposed new rule, a simple majority of the quorum present and voting could veto White House proposals. That might POW's Beat Yank Gl To Death PUSAN, Korea W) Three North Korean Communist prisoners of war beat an American soldier to death Wednesday in a compound on Koje Island, the U. N. POW command said today. The soldier, a private, was clear- ing a barracks of prisoners' prior to taking a head count when he was attacked, the POW command said. His name was withheld. Ordered to send out those re- sponsible for the beating, the pris- oners surrendered three inmates and said they did the killing. After milling about the compound the prisoners refused to return to their barracks and started throwing rocks at the guards. Tear gas was Stassen Leave for Europe tribute of operational the plans the raid to generals and news cor- respondents invited to watch the action. The plan a secret docu- ment had a three-color card- board cover and carried the em- blem of the 7th Division. "If you can show me bow I am responsible for the criticism, you are a better man than I Wolfe commented. Generals Watched The U. N. Command in Tokyo said troops of the U. S. 7th Divi- sion carried out the planned at- tack in co-ordination with artil- lery, tanks and warplanes. Invited generals and war cor- respondents watched while the in- fantrymen, following up heavy bombardment and fire-bomb at- tack on the hill, slugged to within 15 yards of the crest, then were stopped cold by deadly Red cross- auuui ii. nit, uujei-i, ue bdiu, was j harrt to return the tax-writing preroga- tive from the Treasury "to this committee, where it belongs." And Maj. Gen. Wayne C. Smith, the division commander, told AP Cor- wtleT he-announced hTintend Despondent Stan Carter today he he spoke in the confident knowledge lwa? surprised at the commotion which the operation created in the that he had heavy support in his own party in the House. Power Defined On the same day, two commit- tees of Congress reported on a bill defining the President's power to reorganize the executive branch of the government. Both committees voted sharply to reduce President Eisenhower's power in this vital respect, limiting it even more than President Truman's power was limited. This is the power which Eisenhower needs to clean up "the mess in and to be as few as 25 senators or 110 House members. No sooner was the action taken political observers began a battle between President, Back- I ers of the change denied they had anything like that in mind. View of President But Dodge, saying he was "re- flecting the view of the had fought hard to prevent the rule change. He was asked if he strongly opposed it, and he re- plied emphatically, "I do." The President mapped a busy day today. It called for an 8 o'clock break- fast with Secretary of State Dulles and Mutual Security Director Har- old E. Stassen, prior to their sched- uled departure on a 10-day inspec- tion trip in Western Europe. He had an appointment at with the adjutant general of Texas, K. L. Berry. A Cabinet meeting, Eisenhower's second, was called for 10 o'clock. The agenda looked heavy, although the White House disclosed no de- tails. Eisenhower was in position to report' on a meeting that lasted nearly two hours yesterday with the National Security Council. Those present were .silent when U. S. I they came out of the meeting. Smith of Clarksville, Tenc., said J Hagerty fewer American soldiers were disclose used and order was restored. The POW command said t were no other casualties and investigation was under way. Streetcar, Bus Strike Looms In Twin Cities MINNEAPOLIS _ Barring a last-hour settlement, Twin City Rapid Transit Co. will become in- volved Monday in the first general strike of its history. The firm operates trolleys and buses in Minneapolis and St. Paul and their suburbs. John G. Seidel, president of Local 1105 AFL Transit Workers Union, announced Thursday night that the executive committee'had scheduled a walkout for 4 a. m. Monday. Minutes before, the membership unanimously rejected a company proposal Seidel read meeting. A total of killed in the raid than he had ex- pected and that he considered the operation of "tremendous value." Caves Destroyed "A large number of bunkers and caves were he said. "A number of enemy were counted killed. A larger number were esti- mated wounded. A lot of valuable information was collected about the terrain, traffic ability of tanks, said he was unable any to an achieve substantial savings through I mass bombings and use of air greater government efficiency. cover. There is hardly any domestic issue closer to the President's heart, as evidenced by his appointment of the Rockefeller Committee on gov- ernment reorganization, as one of his first acts after he was elected. Yet every Republican member of both committees voted to limit gravely the new Republican Presi- dent's power to reorganize his own "We found our artillery sup- pressed their mortars completely as well as the enemy's artillery Smith did not list either Ameri- can or Communist casualties in his interview. AP Correspondent Forrest Ed- wards, one of those who watched man Reed's powerfully supported move to reduce government reven three Americans were killed and a were wound ed seriously. The Army would an nounce no casualty figures but ve 10 reuuce icveii- j and thus knock the Eisenhower on Page 8, Column 6.) budget into a cocked hat. There are many other signs and portents of the tendency of the Con- gressional Republicans to take mat- ters into their own hands, and let the new President twiddle his thumbs. Partly, this is a matter of instinct, inbred in congressional Republicans after twenty years of inveighing loudly against "rubber stamp Asked why Reed had not consulted the Treas- ury leaders on his tax bill, one Reed intimate replied, "Why, it would never occur to would be like trading with the enemy." Many veteran Republicans, like Reed, assume as a self-evident truth that the power to make policy will now rest with "where it belongs." Little Practical Experience What has been happening is also a result of understandable inex- (Contineud on Page 4, Column 3.) ALSOPS KOREA WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Mostly cloudy with occasional light snow tonight and Saturday. Not much change in temperature. Low to- night 20, high Saturday 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m, today: Maximum, 26; minimum, 18; noon, 26; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max, temp. 24 at today, min. 12 at noon Thursday. Noon overcast ceiling at feet, visibility 6 miles with haze, wind calm, humidity 97 per cent, barometer 29.95 rising. agreement to meet with the Presi- dent every Wednesday morning. The President also had three af- ternoon appointments today. They were: Maj. Gen, George Hor- kan, quartermaster general of the Army. 2 Robert McLean, president of the Associated Press and. presi- dent of the Philadelphia Bulletin. Rev. Ruben K. Canada, Minnesota Set Truck Rulings ST. PAUL UP) Reciprocity agreements for trucks between Minnesota and the Canadian prov- inces of Alberta and Saskatchewan have been concluded, W. E. Howes, director of the Minnesota Motor The POW command said 'there Vehicle Department, said today were no other casualties and an! Henceforth, trucks operated by residents of the two provinces I may pass through Minnesota after obtaining a permit which costs I nothing. The same applies to Min- nesota trucks operated over high- ways of the two provinces. The agreements apply only to "closed j door" or "sealed load" operations. Previously, trucks were required to carry licenses of the provinces or of Minnesota if they used- pro- vincial or state highways. Several Canadian trucks were halted in Northern Minnesota recently until Minnesota licenses were obtained. S. Jets Down Russian-Built Chinese Bomber SEOUL S. Sabre jets shot down a twin-engined Russian-built bomber off North Korea's west coast today and capped their pa- trols by destroying one MIG jet fighter and damaging another. The Fifth Air Force said it was the second time in the Korean War that Allied fighters had clash- ed with Red bombers. Pilots re- ported it was a lone TU2. Sabre jets destroyed seven TU2s off the west coast Nov. 30, 1951. The TU2 has a wing span of about 60 feet, a cruising speed of about 200 miles an hour and became operational in 1944. The Air Force said the MIG a flight of 26 MIGs jumped four Sabres escorting one unarmed photo reconnaissance plane. The MIG kill was credited to Lt. Joseph McConnell Jr. of Apple Valley, Calif. On the ground, Allied and Com- munist patrols clashed sporadical- ly in bitter temperature dropping to the lowest of the sea. to a mass votes against the TCRT offer came in two meetings, a morning session preceding the other. Wages and working conditions were principal issues in the con- troversy. The..union asked 16 cents an hour increase for the duration of a one- year contract. The old contract expired Jan. 1. The company pro- posed an eight cent increase spread over two years and elimination of premium pay for split work shifts. Present wages range from an hour for conductors and motor- men on two-man cars to for shop workers and other employes. Held Legal ST. PAUL Legality of a will in which the late Magnus President Eisenhower, center, greets Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, left, and Harold Stassen, new boss of foreign aid on the White House portico today as they arrived to have break- fast with the chief executive before taking off for Europe. They will visit all of the important countries there to gather information on political trends. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) Anderson Won't Press Legislature By ADOLPH E. JOHNSON ST. PAUL UP) Gov. Anderson, it became apparent today, has l a toward the Legislature in sharp contrast to that of Munson erection Alexandria left the a children's orphan home was upheld today by the bulk of his estate for Minnesota Supreme Court. Munson died May 26, 1949. Munson left in a trust fund to his housekeeper, Mrs. of his estate for a children's Carrie Olson, and willed the balance of his estate for a children's orphan home to be erected near the present site of Bethany Home in management of the Red River Valley Synod of the Augustana Synod, Hilma M. Stoppel, a cousin of Munson, on her own behalf and on behalf of 32 additional cousins, challenged the order of Probate Judge Roy C, Wickland in favor of the synod. Judge 'Rol E. Barron in Douglas County District Court affirmed the probate court decrees direct tion of bills embodying their major recommendations, to find legislators to sponsor them and then, if they felt it necessary, to drum up sup- port for them. In some cases this resulted Youngdahl of the Lutheran church, j and the-high court sustained Judge Minneapolis, Minn. I Barron. son on the Western Front, 16 de- grees below zero. The Eastern and Central Fronts reported 2 below. The Eighth Army reported that despite the biting cold an Allied patrol ran into 30 Chinese Reds in the predawn darkness northwest of Korangpo on the Western Front and killed an estimated 15. A platoon of some 30 to 40 Chi- nese jabbed at Allied' positions at Little Nori Hill nearby and were driven' off after 20 minutes. Loss in Rochester Fire ROCHESTER, Minn. UP) Fire that started on the main floor to- day destroyed about worth of surplus Army goods, mostly in ill feeling, resentment and bitter- ness. No Bill or Sponsori Gov. Anderson has taken the position that after submitting his program in his inaugural and bud- get messages, he should not inter- fere with the legislative process. He has had no bills prepared, has sought no sponsors. For some of the older procedures, he is substituting a series of with members Chemical Keeps Barnacles Off Ship for Year By WALTON ROCK BALTIMORE Liberty ship George A. Lawson roamed the barnacle-infested wat- ers of the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean for more than a year. But when she was raised in dry- dock yesterday, her hull showed hardly a trace of seagoing, crustacean hitchhikers bills embracing a number of his j that foul ship bottoms and cost top recommendations already have i the shipping industry an estimated been introduced. These include j100 million a year in lost of the legislature. During the next three weeks he will meet all senators and re- presentatives in groups of 25 or so to discuss' state problems and answer questions. At this stage he can point to several evidences that his new approach is working. Though it is early in the session, proposals to raise iron ore taxes, to give state liquor control agents power of arrest, and to create a clothing, in David's Surplus Store j commission to study the highway on Rochester's main street. owner, David Bemel, made the damage estimate. The building was not damaged seriously. The Trap Snapped.but only the camera caught the mouse. This fine picture spotlights a small- scale domestic drama the story of a marauder in a Kensington, England, kitchen. The photo- grapher clamped the mouse-trap to a heavy piece of wood. Then, in the blacked-out kitchen, he set up his camera with the shutter open. Near by he arranged a flash gun wired so that it fired when the trap was sprung. Some time later this hap- pened literally in a flash. The mouse nibbled; the trap snapped; the light flashed for a l-3000th of a second; the picture was taken but'the mouse got away. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican- Herald) problem. How do the legislators feel about it? "I think the governor has adopted a correct and proper said Rep. Roy E. Dunn, Pelican Rapids, the House majority leader. "The governor has made his recommendations and we, in the legislature, will certainly give them consideration." Majority Leader And the Senate majority leader, Archie Miller of Hopkins, added: "He seems to be doing every- thing possible within his sphere to keep harmony, it's exactly the op- posite from what we have been used to and it is a great -relief. "I think he'll get further with his program than some governors who tried to put on the pressure." Meanwhile, the legislature gird- ed for another effort to obtain fed- eral funds for the care of Minne- sota Indians. After listening to a debate about the foster home program for Indian children and an assertion from Sen. A. 0. Sletvold, Detroit Lakes, that the federal government owes an obligation to the Indians, the Sen- ate Public Welfare Committee took the first step toward sending a delegation to Washington to seek funds. Ike Recovering WASHINGTON Ufi President Eisenhower was reported today to be about recovered from his snuf- time and drydock charges. The eight of the Lawson's smooth hull was no surprise to Robert D. Spiers, a 38-year-old St. Petersburg, Fla., chemist, but it gave him nevertheless. a "great To Spiers, it was proof that an anti-fouling compound he develop ed really works. The compound, known as Dianol, was mixed with the paint that was applied to the Lawson's hull Jan. 21, 1952, When the Law.son was raised out of the water here yesterday, the only barnacles on her hull were in patches along the keel, where blocks that held the ship in place last year kept the painters from getting at the surface, "I Spiers said, "that this is the first time a commercial vessel has been able to .stay hi barnacle-infested waters over a year without developing a severe growth of fouling organisms." Cold, Snowy In Midwest By The .Associated Press It was a little cold and snowy in Northern Midwest areas again today but clear skies and mild weather prevailed over most of the rest of the country. There was some warming, also, in the Midwest with no sub-zero readings. Light snow fell over the Northern Plains, Upper Mississip- pi Valley and the Great Lakes. Freezing drizzle was reported over parts of Minnesota. One cold spot was Houlton, Me., with temperatures near zero. Making Flight In President's Private Plane To Gather Data On Western Defense Buildup By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON W) Secretary of State Dulles and Harold foreign aid chief, left on a special mission to Europe today, carrying with them some last-minute "sug- gestions and guidance" from Presi- dent Eisenhower. Traveling aboard Eisenhower's official plane, a four-engine Con- stellation the two took off from Washington Airport at t. m. CST. Before their return Feb. 9, Dulles and Stassen are due to visit the capitals of seven West European nations. The two chief architects of this nation's foreign affairs program breakfasted with the President be- fore driving to the airport. Afterwards, Dulles told report- ers: "We got some final words about our prospective and instructions from the Presi- dent." Good Luck Eisenhower'wished .them: "Good luck to you both." Before leaving, Dulles banded newsmen a statement which seem- ed to soften somewhat the criticism he voiced earlier this week of slowness of West Europe infring- ing about a unified defense pro- gram. He .said the European Defense Community (EDC) had been "de- veloped by the Europeans them- selves with great courage and imagination as a step toward that unity which all recognize as neces- sary." Dulles had said it might be neces- sary for this national to "re-think" its foreign aid policies unless West- era Europe got together and agreed on a program of unification military as well as economic. Stassen said he was confident the mission which he and Dulles are undertaking "will be a con- structive opening move" in tha work of the Eisenhower admini- stration in foreign affairs. To Study Situation Dulles injected a more specific purpose into'the trip in a broad- cast talk to the American people Tuesday night. He said it seemed that some of the French people and some Germans want to go their separate ways and that was one reason why Eisenhower had asked Stassen and him to go to Europe to find out first-hand what the situation was. France, Germany and four other :ontinental countries in Western Europe negotiated an agreement .ast year to pool their military forces; in Europe under a single command which in turn would be under the North Atlantic Treaty command headed by Gen. Mat- thew Ridgway. Eisenhower, former NATO com-, mander, has long backed the creation of such a European De- fense Community. He and Dulles have been openly disturbed by the cooling of original German and French enthusiasm for the project. As it now stands, German defense rearmament can be accomplished only through ratification of the EDC and related agreements. Dulles, in bis speech, mentioned 30 billion dollars in U. S. aid to Western Europe since World War II and be said if the Western Euro- pean countries finally go their separate ways the U. S. will have to give its policies "a little re- thinking." Strong This amounted to strong talk from a secretary of immediately interpret- ed as a threat to slash or cut off aid. It seems equally significant, however, as word that if Western Germany cannot be rearmed as part of an European community enterprise then it will have to be rearmed separately something which U. S. policy does not now provide. The EDC slowdown is by no means the only problem before Dulles and Stassen, although Dulles' speech made it the most spectacular. There are also marked difficulties in the way of reaching defense targets set up for the North Atlantic Treaty force. The goal of a 50-division strength by the end of 1952 was not quite achieved and grave misgivings save been privately expressed by Allied leaders here and abroad about the chance of coming any- where near the achievement of reasonable goals for 1953.