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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 29, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 292 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 29, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY FOURTEEN PAGES One Man Was Killed and 100 injured when a violent blast ripped through a three-story brick generating plant of the Peoples Gas, Light Coke Company on Chicago's south side. Fire broke out the explosion ripped off the roof of the structure and smoke billowed skyward. The blast was believed to have been caused by the ignition of gas which seeped through from an adjacent storage tank. Damage was estimated at Atlantic Pact Plan For War, Russ Says By Eddy Gilmore issued a white paper today to tell for settlement. world the projected North Atlantic pact is part of a only on tl American plan for a new war. (sues without suggesting any solu- It is a plot against the United Nations and has as ats object the establishment, of British-American domination of the world Here is the detailed procedure for New Labor Law Stripped Of Injunction Measure Provides For T.-H. Act Repeal, Substitute Plan Washington The adminis- tration today asked Congress to en- act a new labor law stripped of the court Injunction provisions -which lava brought such vigorous protests from organized labor. The "one-package" labor bill sent ;o the Senate labor committee would repeal the controversial Tail-Hart- ley law and restore the old Wagner .abor relations act with "improve- ments" asked by President Truman. Secretary of Labor Tobln Is due to go before the committee Mon- day to explain provisions of the new measure, which was released to reporters by the committee today without comment. Under the Taft-Hartley law, the ;overnment has had authority to obtain court orders to bar strikes for an 80-day period after other means of settlement had failed. These orders can be sought where the national welfare is involved. Cool-off Provided This provision was vigorously op- posed by labor groups which de- nanded Taft-Hartley repeal as an ssue in the election campaign last fall. Under the new law proposed by the administration, a 30-day "cooi- ng off" period would be provided. This is designed to avert "national paralysis" strikes. The first step would be for the Resident to appoint an emergency fact-finding board. Such boards jwould have authority to make rec- Un- by force, said the Soviet foreign ministry. The Alsops Point Four Arouses Speculation By Stewart AIsop Washington There has been a great deal of speculation about point four in President Truman's Inaugural address the "bold new program" for raising world living standards. Is this a major policy decision, comparable to the Mar- shall plan? Is it a "Fair Deal" for the world? Is it, as the Daily Worker would have it, a scheme for guar- The western European union was declared a link in the plans for world domination by the two powers. The document, one of the longest issued by the foreign ministry in months, took up nearly two pages in the Moscow press. It attracted thp Immediate interest of Moscow's diplomats who at copies and began once obtained translating and analyzing the declaration. U. S., Britain Accused Specifically entitled, "declaration of the ministry of foreign affairs of the U.S.S.R, on the North Atlantic the paper accused Britain and the United States of trying to isolate the Soviet union, undermine the United Nations, institute anj handling national emergency strikes as outlined in the administration's bill. When the President found that a national emergency Is threatened or exists In a vital industry which affects the public interest, he would issue a proclamation saying so. The proclamation also would call on the disputing parties to refrain from a strike or, if a strike had started, to resume work "in the public Interest." The President would appoint an emergency board. The board would start immediately to Investigate the dispute and try to arrange a settle- ment. Wait of 25 Days The board would have a maximum economic boycott on the 25 days aftet Issuance of the and her friends, trying to start aiProclamatlon to to the new war and not wanting to elude peace treaties for Germany and Japan. Pre- unless the board and the disputant agreed to take more time. The board's report would include Warmer Sunday, Snow on Monday The winter's bitterest cold will continue tonight, followed by weather. Sunday, snow Monday and colder weather again Tuesday. That's the way the Weather bureau reads the skies. It was 14 below here Friday of Minnesota's "warm- eight below at noon. The mercury won't get out of the red until Sunday afternoon. The Weather bureau says it may get up to 20 above then. Meanwhile, there was one cc Truman Speeds Aid to Western Blizzard Areas Tru man moved swiftly today to expand federal relief to the storm-swept west. He authorized Secretary of De- fense Forrestal to spend for blizzard relief such funds as are available in the military establishment, includ- HOME WAS NEVER LIKE what these four College of Saint Teresa students from Honolulu might be thinking. They posed on the campus this morning surrounded with the white stuff that covered Winona in quantities Friday. Prom left, Marian Adachi, Mary Joan Chang, Alice Mori and June Fujiwara. Miss Mori Is a senior and the others are sophomores. Having endured previous Minnesota winters, the snow and the 14 below cold wasn't particularly impressive for them. They did, however, refuse to pose in Hawaiian hula skirts. Republican-Herald photo Long Struggle With Russian Views Forecast Ohio. River Over Banks From Big January Rains by January rains the Ohio river was out of its official banks here today and nearing flood crests at points from up stream Parkersburg, W. ence, Ind. Va., to downriver Flor- York -w- Because of a! Rising at the rate of only .1 foot every three hours, the muddy difference in views toward! stream was expected to reach the 53-foot stage here early today. In short it summed up thcjjt? findings and recommendations.! counselor. U.s.S.B.'s present view of the en-The report would be made public. 'menl counse international law, East-West conflict cannot be settled by "the magic of an says Charles E. Bohlen, State depart- ure foreign situation as it has been intensified, in Moscow's opinion, by anteeing the imperialist projected North Atlantic pact. I It concluded by declaring Russia jis going to fight "more firmly and more insistently" against the al- the soft-drink manufacturers the oil companies? Or is it really nothing at all? The best way to put the "bold new program" in its proper perspective Is to examine the way in which the inaugural address was written, and the way point came to be included in it. The first step, some time before Inauguration day, was a discussion between Pre- sident Truman and Clark Clifford, his chief adviser and speech writer. Truman outlined in a very general way the sort of thing he had In mind for the speech major foreign policy address, including a challenge to the philosophy of com- munism, a review of what had been accomplished in the past, and hope held out for the future. Clifford leged attempt to wreck the U. N. One point observed by diplomats was that the white paper laid the I basis for a citation of the United States and Britain before the United Nations on charges of violating the charter. The paper flatly asserts that the North Atlantic pact would violation of the charter. Termed Military Plan There was nothing In the docu- The bill provides that prior to the Bohlen, regarded as an expert on board's report and for five days j Soviet relations, spoke yesterday a1 after it has been made: "The parties to the dispute shall continue to or resume work and operations under the terms and conditions of employment which (Continued on Page 3, Column 1.) NEW LABOR Snowpfow, Train Crash Hurts 7 La Porte City, ment, however, saying that the (persons were hurt, none seriously, 0.S.S.R. intended to bring the mat- when a snowplow struck the rear ter to the attention of the lounge car of a stalled south- council. The western European union, the statement said, was a "link in a chain of measures involved in plans for establishing Anglo-American world This union, it added, was but a "military-political complement to then went to see Robert A. Lovett.'the economic grouping of European then under secretary of state, and I countries which was created to discussed the presidential ideas with j carry out the Marshall plan" and him. Clifford and Lovett agreed both "receive their direction from that the next step was to have ruling circles of the Anglo- State department prepare a versionjU.S.A. bloc." of the inaugural address to submit The statement also dealt in detail to the President. I with a number of regional agree- Iments and projects for such al- MAJOR RESPONSIBILITY forjiiances, including the western hem- this task fell on State department isphere defense pact, a proposed bound Rock Island Rocket near here early today. Railroad officials said a fouled air line on the locomotive stalled the Rocket which was six hours behind schedule and that poor visibility contributed to the mishap. Passengers on the Rocket re- mained comfortable while waiting for a relief engine to pull the train on to Cedar Rapids. Treated at a Waterloo hospital for scalp lacerations was Burn Flo- ra, Cedar Rapids, brakeman on the snowplow. Treated at the hospital for minor Injuries were Boyd Hoff, Santa Pe, N. M., Fred Rhody, St. Paul, Minn., J. R. Buss, Cedar Rapids. the 72nd annual. meeting of the New York State Bar association. He said that a Soviet concep' which holds international law to be merely an Instrument for pro- moting Soviet purposes is the "roo1 of the differences of philosophy and moral value that now divide thi world." Americans must recognize, he said, that such practical agree- ments as may be reached between this country and Russia "will not in themselves bring about a funda- mental solution." "We have to look he "to a long period of struggle effort before we achieve a stable and tranquil world." He said It had "become fashion- able" to criticize wartime agree- ments between this country and "basic de- the agree- ments, but in Soviet failure to live up to Bohlen, who has served under four secretaries of state, said he could "testify" to tba "continuity and consistency of our basic foreign He said the U. S. has not follow- ed an "inflexible policy, either "hard' or 'soft'." American policy, he said, has been determined on the basis of Russia, but that the ficiency" was not in Three other persons were treated to our fundamental con- Counsellor Charles E. Bohlen. Boh- Mediterranean pact, and the South len and his aides produced a pre-USjan conference on Indonesia heldjin a La Porte'city physician's of-ivictlons" with a "flexibility as to llminary draft which seemed to recently in New Delhi, India. flee. (methods and details.' Truman and Clifford interesting, but too involved and intellectual for the purpose. Especially since his direct approach succeeded in the! campaign. Truman has had a taste for the simple declarative sentence. Therefore Clifford redrafted the (Continued on Pace 5, Column 7.) ALSOPS Clay Starts Fight To Wipe Out German Smugglers Berlin U. S. Commander General Lucius D. Clay said today he had assigned Brigadier General H. Norman Schwarzkopf, his dep- uty provost marshal, to head a cam- paign to wipe out western Germa- ny's multi-million dollar smuggling racket. Clay said he had given Schwarz- kopf, former chief of the New Jer- sey state police, the job of plug- ging loopholes which he estimated were illegally draining off about worth of western Ger- many's industrial production an- nually. This has been going over the borders to Czechoslovakia and -vest- em European countries, by air as well as road. Five Western Europe Nations Organize 'Council of Europe' By William Oatis new and his- toric "Council of Europe" with a fledgling cabinet and an ad- visory parliament emerged to- day as a major factor in the postwar world. The foreign ministers of the five western European union de- mocracies announced agree- ment yesterday to set up the council. Authoritative sources said headquarters will be in Strasbourg, France. The five nations reaching the agreement, after months of dis- cussion on some form of Eu- ropean unity, are Britain, Prance, Belgium, the Nether- lands and Luxembourg. They said other European countries will be asked to help set up the council. One in- formed source said the first In- vitation will go to Italy. Indi- cating Italy will join, Italian Foreign, Minister Carlo Sforza said "European union is born and Italy will be one of the founding states." The "council of Europe" will consist of a committee of min- isters from the member nations which will meet in secret, and an' advisory assembly composed of representatives from each country. The assembly, expected to pave the way ultimately for a single parliament to repre- sent all the European democra- cies, will meet in public. Details are to be worked out by the permanent commission of the five powers of the west- ern European union, set up un- der the Brussels pact of March 17, 1948. The "council of Europe" is a step toward a long-time goal of some European statesmen: a United Europe with member nations eventually erasing ge- ographical boundaries and other existing barriers, something on the order of tbe United States. However, an authoritative source in close touch with the ministers Indicated that any surrendering of national sov- ereignty to the new council have to be a gradual process. Top Washington officials hailed the agreement as a step toward the goal of developing a new power center in Europe, already divided sharply into a Russian-backed eastern bloc and a U. S.-backed western group. Then, the Weather bureau the river will remain stationary for about 18 hours, edge upward to 53.5 feet Sunday evening and continue! its rise to a tentative crest between! 54 and 55 feet late Monday or Tuesday. The 52-foot flood stage was pass- ed late yesterday. The flood anticipated will drive several scores of families from their! homes but most of these river- wise Tomah Youth Bound Over on Murder Charge folks, a.customed to the regular take the in-] on a convenience In stride, clean up and j lowing degree murder charge fol- testimony by his younger move back in. If the Ohio does reach 55-foot stage, workers will be idled when flood waters flow into fur- naces of the Newport rolling mill division of the Detrola Corporation in adjacent Newport, Ky. brother that he saw James standing with a gun over their father's body. The fatal shooting of Earl Jackson, 60, Tomah salesman, occurred last Monday. The brother, Lionel, 20, testified at a preliminary hearing before Justice of the Peace H. L. Beckman. Lionel Forecasters feared a serious flood also was held In the Monroe county until a cold wave rode Into the a material witness when he on high winds Thursday night and! was to bond. drove a prolonged rain storm out of the Ohio valley. Stassen Remains Politically Active By Ray Peterson Harold Stassen said yesterday he will remain active In national affairs but wouldn't be pinned down on whether he will be a 1952 Presidential candidate. The former Minnesota governor made the statement after meeting with a nine-man Missouri delega- tion which urged him "to remain ac- tive in political life." Asked by a reporter If he is con- sidering running for the Presidency next time, Stassen replied: "That's Jumping to conclusions." W. D. Cruce, a Republican floor eader in the Missouri legislature and chairman of the group, interpreted Stassen's remarks to mean the ex- jovernor "probably will remain ac- ive as a leader but not necessarily as a candidate." After a two-hour luncheon meet- ing with the delegates from Presi- dent Truman's home state, Stassen Issued the following statement: My primary job now is to be president of the University of Penn- sylvania and to successfully carry on that work, but I said that I will f ol- :ow through with an active interest in national affairs, pailicularly those which affect peace and freedom of len. "I also have agreed sometime next year to go out to Missouri to speak at a state-wide meeting. Stassen and Cruce said they did not know just when the meeting would be held. Prank H. Hollman, editor and publisher of the Warrenton Banner, and Cruce said they consider Stas- sen "the hope of the. Republican party." Holman added, "We loot to him Ing money set up for river and har- bor and flood control works in the snglneer department. The White House made this an- nouncement and said further: 1. The President will ask Con- gress for a supplemental 'appro- priation to replace any funds no spent by the military branches. 2. Major General Philip Flem- ing, federal works administra- tor, will be co-ordinator of fed- eral relief activities in tbe disas- ter area. 3. The President sent to Con- gress a request for supple- mental relief appropriation of The request Is to meet his request transmitted three days ago. Half that much was ap- propriated by Congress at once-and the President allocated-it yesterday to Fleming. Fleming has been notified of Mr Truman's new authorization to For- restal and the White House said the two are already starting fresh relief undertakings. Fleming called the Army chief of engineers and it was officially an- nounced that Fifth Army headquar- ters Is already moving men and equipment into South DaSotw and Nebraska. In his order to Forrestal the Pres- ident told him to act without regard to existing apportionment of avail- able funds for military works. He was directed to utilize such re- sources as are appropriated to relief, sased on requests by the federal administrator. Democrats Split In Michigan City Menomonee, Mich. Demo- crats split forces In this upper pen- insula city last night and elected ;wo rival groups of Menomonee county candidates to the state convention in Grand Rapids next week. A group of party members made up chiefly of CJ.O. auto unionists jolted against the authority of for a forward-looking program." constructive stairs In the family home when Chairman Herman B. Doyle. heard a noise in the middle of regular county convention to send to the state meeting "I ran into the delegates who were elected in Jackson said, "and I saw Jim recent primary. But a group of ing there with a gun in his then left the meeting He started to cry. Father was retired to the hall used as on the for a CJ.O. United The elder Jackson's body Workers local. found in the kitchen. He had they named their own slate killed by one shot from a .30-06 delegates. Both groups now are An estimated 500 persons to go to Grand Rapids Into the city hall lounge where the meeting set for February 5. hearing was has ben prominent In state The next circuit court term circles for years and presided over by Judge Robert has been his party's candi- Cowie of La Crosse, Is scheduled for Michigan attorney gen- Chicago Landlords Rent Withdrawal Chlca; Some 750 the rental units involved were landlords who said they own Chicago rental units have taken off the market, he added, the landlords could be Jailed for contempt of court If they were to whelmingly approved a plan the apartments at a later date. withdraw their property from the law, once a rental unit retail market as a means of taken off the market, it cannot federal rent rented again, he said. The whistling, clapping the landlords' meeting, William jumped to their feet at an president of the Chicago meeting last night when a of the Property Owners' vote was taken on the of America, told the tion "Tulsa to send eviction notices out The Chicago group Is with an effective date itself after a similar group in March 31. That is the date the Okla., which has ordered mass rent law expires. tions of its tenants -within 60 Tulf a landlords have done However, Chief Justice Edward same thing, but In Kansas City Scheffler of Municipal court association, parent body of the yesterday that Chicago courts landlord groups, denied that take all steps to halt any mass "Tulsa plan" has its sanction. tion A, Rosen, executive secretary "Any mass movement of the Chicago Tenants Federation, doing away with their rental telegrams to Illinois senators in this manner would Indicate Lucas and Paul Douglas ask- they were not acting In good reueal of the portion of fine rent as required by the he landlords to with- If the courts should allow their property from the rental evictions on the landlord's there was one consolation: The fierce, biting winds that whipped the freshly-fallen snow Friday had passed on. But this area cowered in the cold today with a wide sweep of tho Northwest. These official sub-zero readings were reported: La Crosse, 12; Rochester, 13 (the highest re- ported in Twin Cities, 16; Red Wing, 19; St. Cloud and Willmar, 18; Virginia, 26; Eau Claire, 18; Wausau, 16; Land OTiakes, Wis., 14; Milwaukee, eight; Green Bay, seven; Devils Lake, N. D., 25; Bemidji, 30 (25 at 9 a. m.X: Albert Lea, 18, and Watertown, S. D., 18. Traffic Hindered Minnesota, Wisconsin and ths Dakotas were shivering in unison, Rail transportation was slowed down Into Wlnona, The Milwaukee- railroad said that the Twin Cities- bound Columbian, due here at a. m., did not arrive until noon and that the train out of Chicago, due here at was about two hours late. Chicago-bound Hiawathas were running on time, while trains from the West coast were only about 40 minutes late.. The delays were attributed to cold weather alone. The North Western trains said the passenger train from Pierre, S. D., due here at a. m., was nearly an hour and a half late, while the train from Huron, B. D, due here at p. m. today, left on time. Drivers Advised to Move Can The Greyhound bus depot said buses were not only running, but were on time. But drivers in Wlnona who have left their cars in Thursday night's snow were advised to move them by Chief of Police A. J. Blngold today. He said these stalled cars interfere with the street depart- ment's plowing. Unless they ars moved immediately, said he, they will be towed away at the expense of the owner. World Bank To Sell Bonds For U.S. Cash By Charles Molony World bank may make a fresh stab soon at pry- ng loose millions of American dol- ars from European hiding places, so they can be used to help foreign eco- nomic recovery. Officials said the bank hopes to ure the sorely-needed U. S. cash into ts coffers with special bond sales. The plan is to try the new method first in Belgium, with a 'pilot issue." If that succeeds in coaxing the money out of hoarding, so it can be added to the bank's loan funds, the project will be repeated in other countries. The plan's fate, they said, now rests with the Belgian government, which first must agree not to penal- ize bond buyers by taxing them or 'freezing" their dollar assets. Officials said they are confident that Belgium will go along, In which case the bond of its kind go through by this summer. If it works, it will be followed by a similar offering in the Netherlands, md later, probably, in other coun- tries. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Wlnona and vicinity: Fair and continued cold tonight; low in the city to near in the country. Sunday fair with slowly rising temperature; high 22. LOCAL WEATHEK Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 13; minimum, noon, precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at ___ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. Jemidji -6 Chicago ...........34 Denver 16 Des Moines........ 15 Duluth -10 International Falls Kansas City ......21 Los Angeles 61 Miami 76 Mpls.-St. Paul.....13 New Orleans ......64 New York 52 Seattle............38 Phoenix 53 Washington 73 Edmonton 10 Winnipeg....... -30 0 -18 -8 -22 -31 4 50 71 -15 41 37 28 35 38 5 -24 .05 .08 J6 ;