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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1950, Winona, Minnesota FAIR, VERY COLD TONIGHT FIGHT POLIO WITH THE MARCH OF DIMES VOLUME 49, NO. 289 WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 26, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY-TWO PAGES Gensmer Found Guilty, Collapses Martin Seeks Quick Vote on Excise Repeal 700 Million Cut In Tax Levies Faces Stiff Fight By Francis M. Le May Washington An immedi- ate vote on a slash in excise taxes was sought in the House today by Republican Lead- er Joseph W. Martin. He ran the risk of being ruled out of order. The top House Republican form-imt'i. Palls ......-15 ed his excise-cutting bill as aninpls.-St. Paul 9 amendment to a measure 12 Investment income of life insur-lst. Cloud 1 Area Digging Out 13 Below Here Winter's Coldest The bitterest cold of the year gripped the area last night, sending the mercury far below zero, but tonight it'll probably get a better grip yet. It was 13 below in Winona just after sunrise this morning. Tonight It'll be 14 below in the city, according to the Weather bureau and near 20 below in the country. But the bureau doesn't fore- see anything else wind or more snow. Just cold. And even that will move out late Friday or early Saturday, The bureau's good news for Sat- urday: "Noticeably warmer." Me'anwhile, the area was digging out from under five inches of snow, TEMPERATURES Max. Alexandria ......-12 Bemidji .........-15 DUlUth 0 ELSEWHERE Min. Precip. ance companies. Abilene 84 "There will be a buyers' Chicago .........67 Ms.rtin said unless excise ..........23 comes quickly. His bill one of 200 by Repub- licans and Democrats calling for Des Mciines .......1.1. Kansas City 22 Los Angeles......53 Western Allies Protest New Berlin Blockade Berlin American, Brit- ish and Trench commanders in Berlin Joined tonight in a vig- orous protest-to the Russians over ,he hindrance of truck traffic bei. tween the city and western Ger- many. The Pas .........-24 Winnipeg ........-18 excise cuts would slash by one-iMiami 77 half or more the 20 per cent retail Orleans .....76 levies on such things as York .......43 furs, luggage and toilet 24 tlons. It would reduce the take 58 theater tickets, transportation 75 communications. JEdmonton .......-24 Martin's obstacles were consld-ijjjgina. .........._26 erable. Obstacle! Seen A point of order could be raised on the ground that an excise bill cannot be presented properly as an amendment to the corporation In- come tax section of the revenue code. That is the part of the code Effected by the Insurance com- pany bill. Further, a great number o? Dem ocrats although they want else tax relief probably would not support such a Republican ef- fort to produce a vote this stage. And, even if the excise repealer passed, it would be sure to ram smack Into a veto. Mr. Truman, in his tax message Monday, recommended., reductions In excise taxes, but he gave notice that he will approve no bill ualess it recovers the revenue lost by getting more taxes from other dir- ections. Loopholes Cited To get more revenue, the Pres- 'Ideife suggested plugging of tax law loopholes and higher taxes for corporations, Inheritances and big gifts. Martin called for a quick bill to reduce excises with other pres- idential proposals be considered In separate legislation later. "People are going to quit buy. he said, "unless these taxes are reduced. They will wait for Congress to act. before they buy. If we fiddle around business will be hurt and there will be unem ployment." Chairman Doughton (D.-N.C.) announced that the House ways and means committee will open public hearings next week, prob- ably Thursday, on President man's tax program. Some tax nuthorlties estimate it) will be July before Congress can -27 -30 -18 -25 -18 -15 -21 26 24 3 -7 1 32 73 69 39 20 27 56 -32 -50 -41 -32 Trace .08 .51 .42 .21 which was whipped by moderately strong winds yesterday afternoon. Major highways in the area, how- ever, were in good shape, except for some ice which now has1 plagued motorists for nearly- two weeks. ,531 33 Below at Bemidji i Coldest in Minnesota last night i U. S. Presses Red China to Free 2 Airmen Consul General Predicts Millions Will Starve by Fall (Associated Press Correspond- ent Wayne Richardson was on the Flying Arrow when she left Hong Kong JOT communist Shanghai, when she was shelled, trying to enter the Yangtze riv- er and when she went on to red Tsingtao instead. He was the only newsman who made the voyage.) By Wayne Richardson Kobe, Japan S. Con- :ul General Carl O. Hawthorne to- lOshkosh, coldest nation 43Jday voiced hope for the release of .011 below at Glasgow, Mont., and cold-two marine airmen held by the Chinese communists and predicted millions will starve in red North China. The Lake Michigan area had al-! The veteran chief of the now most summer weather yesterday, i closed American consulate at In Milwaukee it was 41 with came In from commun- biggest rainfall since last July; In [1st China this morning aboard the Chicago it was 67 and much rainlshell-pocked, freighter Flying Ar- fell; in Marinette, Wis., it thund-jrow. Tfie v'Isbrandtsen line ship .02! est reported on the continent 50 be- .011 low at Regina, Saskatchewan, Can- ,96 i ada. .02 ered, lightened, rained and hailed early in the day, but later four inches of snow fell. Quick Change That quick change demonstrat- ed the movement of the cold air mass across the nation. Today were falling rapidly '.achlan mountains .cally, had a'saving grace' which accounted for some reaction that It isn't so cold after all. The Weather bureau reported that humidity was :ijmning_ about 50 per cent; last" 'during, the foggy days, it was welV abcjgg 90 per cent. The minimum overnight in the Twin Cities was recorded at 8 a. m. today, when the mercury drop- 19 be- In Wisconsin heavy snow fell in (Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) WEATHER win oe uu.j designed to try to keep the western act on a one-package bill dealing ,rom too Drosoer- The decision to send a sharp note rmeTg of three-hour special meeting of the Alexandrla 29 below, Internatlon has been lg-'al Falls 25 below' st' Cloud 23 The action came as the Russian guards on the Helmstedt border ap- peared to be tightening a "baby Blockade" to the point where only one truck was being passed through every 15 minutes. An Amerian army truck convoy crossed early today without diffi- culty, but nearly 400 German trucks were caught in the jam which be-1. gan five days ago. John J. McCloy, 11 American high commissioner for Germany, is reported today to be- lieve that the increasing Russian j restrictions on Berlin traffic mark; the beginning of n creeping block- ade. A source familiar with McCloy's views said the high commissioner believes the new restrictions are a form of continuous arm-twisting Stratocruiser with all gram. of the President's sector from becoming too prosper- India Inaugurates First President By The Associated Press Wisconsin Judicial Election Filings Open Madison, Wis. Pilings open today for Wisconsin's April 4 judi- cial elections. On that date voters will choose a supreme court justice and fill six India's 330.000.000 people have a circuit court judgeships. president, and a new constitution to-: The supreme court post to be day. marking the end of a cen-'Voted on is now held by John Mar- turies old struggle for freedonvtin. Martin, former state attorney At New Delhi the new constitu-igeneral, was appointed in June, tion was proclaimed making In-1943, to fill the unexpired term of dia a sovereign democratic repub-.the late Chester Fowler, lie. The inaugural ceremonies Jnclud-! ed the installntion of President Rajendra Prnsad. He was a vet- eran follower of Mohandas K.j Gandhi, the spiritual 1 e a d e rj against British domination of In-1 dia. But India remains a member of, the British Commonwealth of Na- tions which is a voluntary associa-j tion of nations with varying forms! of government. While a 31-sun ceremonial salute boomed in New Delhi, gunfire of another sort rang out in Bombay. Police fired nine shots to disperse a communist demonstration. Eight police and a sir! onlooker were injured by the mob and several en- tered hospitals for treatment of bullet wounds. At Helmstedi, Germany, Soviet checkpoint for rond and rsil traf- fic inovimr from east to west zones. 400 German trucks are stall- ed in a five-day Russian "baby blockade." An American Arms- convoy of 40 trucks was given speedy cleamace. The Russians are halting and slowing traffic, it is believed to] plug the leakage of scrap metaV and dismantled industrial equip-; ment and other forbidden items western Germany. Another reason' given is that the Russians Wantj to discourage truck shipments in Lands Safely Chicago A Northwest Airlines Stratocruiser landed 37 passengers safely at Midway airport last night after losing one of its four engines over northern Illinois. Captain Frank Ernst, Minnea- polis, the pilot, said the cabin pressure dropped suddenly while he was flying over Milwaukee at feet. The ship lost alti- tude and was flying at feet when the engine fell out. It plummeted into a field 100 yards from a drill hall where 300 persons were watching a bas- ketball game at the Glenview Naval Air station, Ernst describ- ed as normal the landing at Midway, an airfield 20 miles north of the Chicago loop. Stewardess Doris Finnegan, 23, Albany, Minn., was among the seven crew members on the ship, bound from the Twin Cities to New York. went to Tsingtao after being nil 30 to 40 'times by a nationalist g-unboat while trying to enter the Yangtze river to Shanghai. His hopeful comment on the two fliers captured by the reds in Oc- tober, 1948, came after Captain Da- vid Jones of the Flying Arrow, de- scribed Ms negotiations with Tsingtao reds for their release. The imprisoned airmen are ter Sergeant Charles C. Bender of Cincinnati and Chief Electrician William C. Smith of Long Beach, Calif, "When Brjttaa has set up tivei relations'? with, .iiied Chink we will "get1 out." Flying Arrow's skip- per told me in an exclusive inter- view that a top Tsingtao nist named Wong said the fliers could be released "very quickly" if the United States would make a "proper" diplomatic request. (This could mean the reds are demanding formal TJ. 8. recogni- tion for their Pelping regime in re- turn for the fliers' freedom. The U. S. so far has shown no in- dication of recognizing communist China. Britain has, but Pelping has not accepted the Britisn offer. Hawthorne's hopes apparently were based On the premise that London and Peiping will establish This was the picture taken by a Minneapolis Tribune photographer in the district courtroom at last night which caused a fracas between newsmen and attorneys for August Gensmer, Jr, the defendant. Judge Vemon Gates had left the courtroom and the jury was excused before the picture was taken. H. M. Lamberton, Jr., attorney lor Gansmer, said the picture was in contempt of court and, attempted to wrest the camera from the Minneapolis newspaperman. The camera was then handed to a Republican-Herald staff mem- ber who left the courtroom. On the stairway his -passage.was blocksd-iyJifiuris CK'Petosen of the Lamberton law offices. The camera was then handed to another Republican-Herald staff mem- ber and at that time Sheriff George Port inter- vened and prevented a further disturbance. The sheriff then contacted Judge Gates and when the latter said he had given no orders about taking pictures after court had recessed after he left the courtroom, the camera was returned to the Min- neapolis photographer. The matter was settled amicably- this morning during a conference be- tween the attorneys and the newsmen. The picture was out of focus, the photographer explained, because at the moment he was attempting to take it, Petersen tried to block, the shot. The white portion at the lower left is part of Petersen's coat as he attempted'to-step'between "the photographer and Gensmer, who is slumped down in his chair. Mrs. Gensmer is standing over her husband and bending down to assist is Mr. Lamberton. State Parole Board Setup diplomatic relations and the TJ. S. can act through the British.) Hawthorne painted a black pic- ;ure of Tsingtao and Shantung pro- vince under communist rule. Food has become a pressing problem Wallace Denies Aiding War Uranium Exports By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul Drastic reorgani- zation of the state parole board set-j up to provide closer supervision lor parolees and probationers es- pecially sex offenders was re- vealed today. for the big Chinese population, hej Gordon S. Jaeck, chairman of the said, predicting: Millions are going to die of) starvation before the next harvest in August." He said he believes the people are dissatisfied with red rule but :an do nothing about it because of tight controls. The once teeming port of Tsing- parole board, disclosed that effective next Wednesday personnel will be i shifted and new district offices opened in various parts of the state. A new district office will be opened at Duluth to relieve the work load in four northern offices, and a district office established at tao, former base for the U. S. Western Pacific fleet, is down about tons of shipping daily, The Duluth office will be in Hawthorne said. The reds have I charge of Arthur L. Canary, now I done nothing with thf Heavy taxation, I fine harbor. continued. "is killing off private industry" and other restrictions are making business impossible. Strict marti- al law still is in force. Hawthorne said the Tsingtao consulate was guarded continuous- ly by red soldiers armed with rif- les, bayonets and hand grenades. He was threatened with arrest sev- eral times. Of his call on communist official! Wong, Captain Jones said: iwill continue to provide investiga- Wong director of the Tsingtao i tive and supervisory services to the board for military control of courts in the areas adjacent to the eign affairs for civilians, contend- located at Brainerd. It will serve St. Louis, Cook, Carlton, Pine and Kanabec counties. Milton J. Conrad, parole and pro- bation agent presently supervising the Crookston area, will replace Canary at Brainerd. By Karl Baumin Washington Henry A. Wal- lace said today he had "absolute- ly nothing to do with" wartime uranium shipments to Russia. Wallace, wartime vice-president, testified before the House un- American activities committee. He asked to be heard after radio com- mentator Fulton Lewis, Jr., said In a broadcast last month that Wallace helped the Russians get supplies of Jury Deliberates Over Six Hours In Bribery Case Judge Gates Grants 60-Day Stay Before Passing Sentence By Gordon Holte The stormy three-day trial of Au- gust H. Gensmer, Jr.. ended dra- matically Wednesday night when the 48-year-old third district commis- sioner collapsed in the district I courtroom stricken with a heart 'attack moments after a jury had I found him guilty on a charge of I asking for and agreeing to accept a bribe. Only three spectators were in the courtroom when Jury Foreman John Schneider delivered the jury's ver- dict at p. m. yesterday slight- ly more than six hours after the jury lad retired to consider evidence in the case at p. m. It is understood that a marked diversity of opinion among the jurors was noted during the early stages of jury deliberation and nine or ten ballots were taken before the required unanimous verdict was reached. (When he charged the jury at 2 p. m. yesterday, Judge Vernon Gates of Rochester instructed jurors that a unanimous verdict of either guilty or not guilty must be re- turned.) Go to Dinner Several jurors were undecided dur- ing the early consideration of the testimony and did not participate in the first balloting. Discussions continued until the seven women and five men comprising the jury taken out lor dinner at p. m. They returned to the jury room at about p. m. and deliberated for slightly more than one more hour before bailiffs notified court that a verdict had been reached. Judge Gates was called Irom his room at the Hotel Winona and was on the bench -when Schneider hand- ed the verdict to Clerk of Court Jo- seph Page for reading. Immediately after the verdict had been read, Gensmer stiffened in his chair, gasping in the throes of the second heart attack he has suf- fered during his prosecution on the bribe charge. Administer Aid His attorney, H. M. Lamberton, Jr., and Mrs. Gensmer sought to administer aid to him and the com- missioner was placed on the floor directly in front of the clerk of court's desk to await the arrival of a physician. Gensmer writhed convulsnvely as Lamberton and Mrs. Gensmer urged him to "try and calm yourself, Augie." Soon after his physician, Dr. Her- bert Heise, arrived an ambulance was called to take the stricken man to the Winona General hospital. His condition is not serious and it is believed he will be released from the hospital in a few days. No sentence was passed last night and Judge Gates indicated that no date for sentencing will be set until Gensmer's condition has been Henry A. Wallace ceived testimony that several ship- Donald W. Kostohryz of St. Paulj has been assigned to the Crookstonj office to take over Conrad's duties. H. E. Hanson and L. J. Knaus ed the U. the fliers' S. has not requested release in a manner considered official by the commu- nists. Wong insisted, Jones said, that quest red officials have received was "a hurriedly written letter winonaRochester, Mankato and prior to the navy s evacuation of Tsingtao." He said the letter did not include arrangements for de- livery and acceptance of the fliers. Jones said he saw Wong in re- isponse to a State department ca- jble from Hawthorne. He said he was authorized to spend up to 000 if the reds wanted ransom for the two airmen. Wong insisted, Jones said, that "ransom does not enter into the picture." Wallace said the testimony be- fore the committee had raised two board's offices at Grand Rapids and Detroit Lakes. Eugene C. Pollard, who has been serving district and juvenile courts in 11 southwestern counties, will be in charge of the Marshall office. Winona, Rochester Offices The board also has district offices Willmar. Twelve counties adjacent to the Twin Cities are served from the board's central office in St. Paul. "This is a. move toward achiev- ing improved services to rural courts and in the direction of providing more effective and better supervi- sion for parolees and probationers, Supreme Court Asked to Rule In Coiling Case St. Paul The Minnesota su- preme court today was asked to rule on the question whether two St. Paul men are immune from prosecution on charges of refusing! Wallace's point No. 2 was a re- atomic materials. Uranium is used I Determined. in making the A-bomb. j Verdict Approved In a statement, Wallace told the' The jury's verdict was greeted en- committee he did not even know thusiastically by members of the the Russians were asking licenses state public examiner's office whose for the shipments. He added: 1 investigations were responsible tor "I did not know that lend-lease securing evidence used in the prose- recommended, after consulting of Gensmer and three former the Manhattan district, that they commissioners on bribe charges. be issued, and the agency which! (Last fall former Comrmssionws I headed, the Bureau of J. Roberton, William K. Beach Warfare, had no discretionary au-jand Frank J. Preston each pleaded thority with respect to them." (guilty to charges of accepting bribes The Manhattan district was connection with county board Army's name for the wartime'transactions and drew fines of atomic bomb project. The one-year jai! sentences. The of Economic Warfare sentences were suspended on which Wallace headed, had control'the condition that the fines were over exports and imports of war-! paid.) vital materials. I State Public Examiner Richard The House committee has re- A. Coiling, whose report on county board transactions touched off the ments of uranium compounds were bribe prosecutions, had the highest sent from the United States to Rus- praise for Winona County Attorney sia during the war. W. Kenneth Nissen and Assistant State Attorney General Charles E. Houston who were associated in the basic questions concerning him: prosecution of the case. (1) It is strongly implied, if it1 "The is, supported by is not actually said, that I evidence, Coiling stated responsible for the licensing nl8ht- uranium and heavy water for Rus- clcar Warning sia in 1943; and (2) As a wartime a massage of encourage- vice-president, I could not be to law enforcement officers ed with certain confidential infor-l and _a dear warning that ma- mation regarding the atom bomb." to assist the public examiner. A Ramsey county grand jury in- dicted Harvey J. Nolan and Sher- ference to testimony from Lieuten- ant General Leslie R. Groves, re- tired, that he did not show Wallace certain wartime reports on the A- burn B. Flowers, president and vice-bomb project, president respectively, of the Min- Groves directed the Manhattan nesota Four Wheel Drive Company, jproject, which produced the atora- of St. Paul on the charges April 28, ic bomb. Jaeck explained. The chairman pointed out recent changes in the state's judi- TTT' u- t ciar7 have resulted in increased use in Washington the State depart- by CQUrts rf the ment said it had not authorized services provide history in- favor of the railways which they! control and which would give ed west mark revenue. I Drucie Snyder, 24-year-old daughter of the secretary of the treasury, and Major John Earnest Horton, White House aide, who were married in Washington today, are shown in front of a portrait of Secretary Snyder. Their marriage took place before 2.000 guests, headed by President and Mrs. Truman, in the Washington cathedral. fhe Episcopal ceremony was conducted by the Rev. Malcolm Mar- Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) any ransom offer. (In Long Beach, Calif., Mrs. formation on offenders. The youth conservation commis- Smith through her attorney quick- jsion. of which A. Whittier Day Is ly urged that the State department j chairman, and the board of parole make the "proper" request de-jhave been working closely together manded by the communists. She.'to provide services, as adequate as said she would wire it and the Na-j possible, to Minnesota's courts and ivy department to attempt negotia- to the children and adults who ap- tions through Russia.) I pear before the courts. 1949. Richard A. Colling, state public examiner, claimed the two men swore falsely in connection with an payment of to A. X. The men had testified they paid Evans the money.for two outboard motors purchased by the company. Golling alleged that a stip- end was paid to Evans in connection with purchase of road equipment by the city. Judge Carlton McNally of Ram- sey county district court certified WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and and very cold tonight; lowest in the city, near in rural areas. Fri- day fair and not quite so cold; highest 12. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. loday: Maximum, 11; minimum, -13; noon, -10; precipitation, .20 (three the question whether they are im- inches of sun sets tonight mune from prosecution as sun rises tomorrow at ant and doubtful." dious and traitorous crime of bri- bery must be stopped. The jury de- serves the congratulations of not only the people of Winona county but the people everywhere in Min- nesota for its courage and strong will to serve justice in spite of at- tempts to befuddle the main is- sues and to confuse them." In his closing arguments to the jury yesterday afternoon, Nissen had reviewed the progress of the case and emphasized "that we are not happy that this sort of thing happened in our county .but you are reasonable, common-sense people who realize that sometimes things like this happen and when it happens it must be stopped. "It will take a great deal of cour- age on your part but you must find him guilty for our government can not long last if it is permitted to rot from within by the acts of our county any other public official. "It has been pointed out here (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) GENSMEE ;