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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 289 WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 26, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY TWENTY PAGES Communists Push Peace Offensive Roy Dunn Seen As Compromise For G.O.P. job Republican Chairman Plans Fight To Keep Post By Jack Bell Omaha Chairman Hugh D. Scott. Jr., hung out a "no com- promise" sign today in the fight over his leadership of the Republican national committee. A spokesman for Scott said he remains confident that a majority of committee members supported at a session (3 p. m, E.S.T.) today his bid to remain as chairman until the next party convention is held In 1952 to nominate a presidential candidate. This spokesman said Scott will not compromise either on his na- tional committee chairmanship or his action In naming himself as head of a new 25-member executive committee. Against Scott's determined stand, critics came up early today with a new candidate to oppose him. Ralph F. Gates, former Indiana governor and national committee- man from his state, apparently had been passed over as a compromise candidate. Instead, Roy E. Dunn, Minnesota; national committeeman who always j cool to the candidacy of mer Governor Harold E. Stassenj of that state, was being advanced as a possible compromise. Wayzata Woman Supports Dunn's chief support came from Mrs. F. Peavey HefJelfinger of Way-1 zata, Minn., who still has to be accepted officially as Minnesota's national commltteewoman. However. Representative Clarence Brown of Ohio, a backer of Senator Bobert A. Taft, was said to be lin- ing up behind Dunn's candidacy. Armed with a resolution of her state committee urging the ouster of Scott. Mrs. Heffelfinger was cam- paigning actively to displace the national chairman. Fred Seaton, Nebraska state sena- tor and a Stassen man, said Stassen was not taking any part in the battle. Stassen was said to regard (Continued on Page 10, Column 5.) DUNN l Asks NWA Stop at New Airport France Back The city council Monday evening, at a special meeting, formally asked Northwest Airlines to establish its service at the new Winona municipal airport. Passed unanimously was this resolution: WHEREAS the city of Winona, Minnesota, has constructed and now operates the Winona munici- pal airport with a fully completed and approved airport Held, and with an administration build- ing in the process of completion, and WHEREAS it is desired that a maximum efficient use of said airport be made for the con- venience of the public, NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED by the city council of the city of Winona that it hereby petitions the Northwest Airlines to establish its service at the Winona municipal airport, and does hereby propose to cooperate with said Northwest Airlines to make such a ventare by them a suc- cessful operation; BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the city recorder be and he is hereby authorized and di- rected to send a certified copy of this resolution to Mr. Croil Hunter, president of the Northwest Airlines at St. Paul, Minnesota. Present at the meeting was William A. Galew- ski, co-manager of the airport, who reported on the progress of negotiations with Northwest Air- lines relative to the initiation of service. The A_l_s_gps_ Red Peace Offensive By Joseph Alsop this topsy-turvy world, peace offensives rarely indicate a desire for peace. This is almost certainly the case at the moment when the voices of Palmiro Togli- atti, Marcel Ca- chin and Henry Wallace have been raised in well- trained chorus to plead for settle- ment of the in- terminable squab- bling between the Soviet and non- Soviet world. The place to look for an explana- tion of this phenomenon is not In Moscow, where any change of a basic policy is immensely unlikely. The place to look, rather, is in the following In Italy, France and the United States of Togliatti, Cachin and Wallace. In fact, the real mo- tive for the propaganda barrage seems to be the progressive decline of communist appeal to the working masses in the West, plus, perhaps, the increasingly grave condition of the satellite states in Eastern Eur- ope. The Inwardness of the situa- tion is demonstrated by a series of curious facts about the Communist party here in Italy. ITEM 1: The attempted assas- sination of Togliatti last spring briefly gave full control of the Italian party to the activists, Sec-, chla and Longo. Secchia at once tried to order En armed uprising. He was frustrated by opposition the Italian Politburo, but the rising actually took place pre- maturely in Genoa. Led by squads of their para-military organization, Genoese communists briefly occu- pied such ciassical key points as the city power station. But when the police and carabinieri merely showed themselves the communist bravos melted away without a shot being fired. ITEM 2: Even before the Italian elections, Togliatti had ordered checks of important communist units, which showed supposed bit- ter-enders only 20 per cent reliable In case of severe test. When Togli- Hoy E. Dunn, right, Jrom Minneapolis, a possible compromise choice for new chairman of the Republican national committee, now in session at OmahaJNeb., listens intently to whatever former Chair- man Carroll Reece of Tennessee is saying in a private huddle, Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Israeli Voters Approve Many-Party Government By Eric Gottgetren Tel Aviv, voters appeared today to have New Blizzard Rips California Resort Area Los A blizzard lash- ed Southern California's mountains and desert today, marooning scores of persons at winter and intensifying the threat to thousands of range ca The latest storm brou freezing The council also passed another resolution affecting the new airport. This resolution makes application to the Civil Aeronautics administra- tion to amend the grant agreement by eliminating provision for land acquisition. It was pointed out by City Engineer Carl W. Frank that the federal government's grant of for construction of the airport has been expended, and that, although land acquisition is included in the agreement, no funds remain for that purpose. The land acquisition referred to involved these three purchases: About 70 acres from the Wi- nona Sand Gravel Company, a small strip of land for an entrance road and about 20 acres from Charles Biesanz, altogether amounting to about The federal government would have paid one-fourth of that amount and the state one-fourth. The state was committed to con- tribute one-half of the entire amount contributed by the federal government In the grant agree- ment. The city engineer said that an attempt would be made to secure federal and state funds for the land purchase under another grant agree- ment. City Attorney S. D. J. Bruski was authorized expenses for a trip to St. Paul today to confer with the state aeronautics commissioner relative to airport matters. temperatures to the coastal Ibwl'ands and their citrus orchards.t The weather bureau forecast an- other coid spell tonight, with con- tinued snow at higher elevations. The state highway patrol report- ed many people snowbound at Big Pines in the Sierra Madres and Big Bear in the San Bernardino moun- tains because their cars have no chains. Major Highway Closed The major highway to Lake Ar-j rowhead and Big Bear is closed, thej patrol said, but autos with chains can reach the resorts on a minor road via Victorville on the Mojave desert. Sixty to 70-mile-an-hour gusts accompanied the snow in the moun- tains, where depths ranged up to 102 inches. A snow blanket two to three feet deep lay on the Mojave desert. Sheriff's Captain Hal Oxnevad of San Bernardino county reported the closing of highway 95 north and south of Needles on the Colorado river. 'He said that in the rugged New York mountains, 50 miles north of Needles, range drifts were as high as 12 feet. He feared cattle losses would be heavy. Indian Found Dead Tito Resales, 50, an Indian, was found frozen to death in the Cleve- land national forest east of San Diego. Extending to Arizona, the blizzard forced the closing last night of high- way -66, main east-west route, at Kingman. In the Las Vegas, Nev., area, many tourists were stranded. All plane flights out of that city were can- _ ____ __ 4-Vtwaft Nanking Asks Separate Peace With Communists By Harold K. Milks city council moved toward a separate cease fire order after, the manner of Peiping today. Councilinen voted to send a delegation to the communists if national negotiations bogged down. Red troops were in Puchen, three miles beyond Pukow, across the Yangtze from the capital. The fighting front was quiet. The central government, reportedly torn by discord, continued to study communist peace pro- posals and plans for flight southward to Canton stamped approval on the many-party government of their eight- month-old state. ._.... With nearly half the vote counted in yesterday's election of the celed and trains were running three first Hebrew parliament in history, Prime Minister David Ben-1 to four hours late. Gurioh's moderate left labor party, Mapai, was leading with 35.51 Las Vegas schools were closed lor per cent of all votes cast. Twenty-one parties had put up can- j area Tomah Youth Charged With Father's Death Tomah, 21-year-old Tomah youth, James Jackson, was charged with first degree murder In the shooting of his father. James The returns were from 256 places, j including all of Jerusalem andi Haifa, many parts of Tel Aviv, andl some 250 smaller towns and villages. Foreign Policy Unchanged The result appeared to guarantee a continuity in the cautious foreign policy which brought the new-born: nation through its first critical eight j months while fighting off Arabj league armies and balancing poli- tically between east and west. Another labor-party, the left-wing Mapam, also represented in the present provisional cabinet, had 14.6 per cent of the vote. A bloc of five parties which stressed religious Jackson was arraigned immediate-Jtradition as desirable for the foun- ly in justice court and had pre- j dations of the new state had 14.1 liminary hearing set for Friday. jper cent. A younger brother, Lionel, 20, wasj TWO other parties In the cabinet, being held under bond as ajthe General Zionists and the Pro- material witness, District Attorney wmiam Gleiss said. The father, Earl, 60, was shot to death in the family kitchen early Monday, Young Jackson faced Justice of the Peace Harry L. Beckman, short- gressives, who are in a liberal group of parties to the right of Mapam, had 5.4 and 4.8 per cent respectively. RiRht, Left Parties Unheeded Neither the right wing nationalist parties nor the communists suc- ceeded in seriously challenging the :y after the warrant was issued, j provisional regime on the basis of The brothers had been present returns. extensively since their father's body! The freedom movement, headed was found. A third youth Menachem Beigln, former under- ioned as a material witness wasjground leader of the Irgun Zvai released. Leumi, had received 92 per cent of Gleiss quoted the brothers as say-Jan votes cast, .ng they had gone to bed after The Communist party received 2.5 tertaining a friend at their homeiper cent and about 4 a, m. heard a gun shot.] The election was to choose 120 They said they found their father'simemijers of a constituent assembly Down Count Shows By The Associated Press The cost of seven staple food items in 13 cities across the nation has dropped an average of 9.7 per cent from the level of a year ago, an Associated Press survey showed today. Women's cotton house dresses are down an average of 24.5 per cent and their nylon stockings are 15.3 per cent under the retail prices of a year ago. The men are paying about 7.5 per cent less for shirts, but men's and women's shoes and men's suits cost about the same as they did in Jan- uary, 1948. Those are over-all figures for the entire list of Items in all 13 cities. The survey was based on the cur- rent retail price of these seven staple food loaf of bread, a dozen best grade eggs, a pound of top grade butter, a quart of milk, a pound of pork loin, a pound of leg of lamb and a pound of chopped steak (U. S. No. The comparison was the cost of body In the kitchen. Funeral services for the father, a salesman, was held today. Sheriff H. R. Biegel said yesterday the youths had been granted permis- sion to attend with an escort. Fire Razes Cable Hotel Cable, 20-room Ca- Dle hotel- a summer and winter re- evidence was laid before the Moscow authorities, together with the result of Secchia's Owner Robert Flowers, Jr., esti- mated damage at Six persons, Including the Flowers The which will write a new constitution and continue as a parliament. So far only percentage figures were being announced. The total vote was not expected to be an- nounced until soldiers' ballots were received and included in the civilian figures. This may take several days. Wage-Hour Bill Push Planned Soon By Harold W. Ward Washington The adminis- tration will begin Thursday to push through its sweeping new wage- hour bill. It Is aimed at bringing more workers under the wage-hour law and boosting the minimum pay rate to 75 cents an hour. The House labor committee has scheduled hearings at which Secre- tary of Labor Tobin and Wage- Hour Administrator William R. McComb probably will be the first witnesses. The bill before the committee, by Chairman Lesinski woul take from McComb and give to Tobin the authority to adminis- ter the law. The measure would take in ap- proximately more employes in laundries, hotels, stores and other chain establishments with more than four branches and doing more than a half million dollars worth of business yearly. The bill would raise the present 40 cent hourly minimum wage to the 75 cents proposed by President Truman. That would be effective 120 days after enactment. Industry committees could raise that minimum to as high as one dollar an hour if business warrants it. The bill defines the "regular rate of pay" as not to include gifts, bonuses, premiums, pensions, health insurance, or flat rates called for by a contract. Other provisions in the new bill would forbid any employer from using oppressive child labor tices. Tulsa Landlords Plan Eviction Notice Protests Tulsa, landlords___________________________ planned today to send out would be'in Chang Chih-chung, minister with- out portfolio, said after an executive Yuan (cabinet) meeting that the government expected to be function- ing In Canton by February 5, The executive body, meeting in acting President Li Tsun-jen's of- fice because fleeing employes had emptied its own building of furni- ture, approved three of Li's orders restoring civil liberties to China. Changes Ordered They are: Removal of the ban on newspapers and magazines suspended for violat- ing communist suppression decrees; abolition of special criminal courts and codes and the release of politi- cal prisoners who have been tried but not sentenced. That would leave the majority of important political pri- soners still behind bars. The executive Yuan also voted to reopen the Shanghai stock exchange. It referred the question of lifting martial law to the ministry of na- tional defense. A Shanghai effort of the central government to obtain participation of minor parties in peace overtures ended in failure. Shao Li-tze, former ambassador to Moscow, and Chang returned to Nanking after failing to enlist the support of the once outlawed Demo- cratic league of Madame Sun Yat- sen, widow of China's liberator. Shao and Chang sought to persu- ade third party leaders to abandon their stand of noninvolvement in the central government's peace of- fensive, which the communists have agreed to talk over In Peiping. Dr. Kan Chieh-hou, special repre- sentative of Li, unsuccessfully urged Madame Sun and the democratic j leaders to come to Nanking in an advisory capacity. The city council peace action, pat- terned after that of Peiping, which went over to the reds Saturday in a separate peace, faced difficulties. The nationalist armies and government would have to withdraw from the capital to permit municipal author- ities to negotiate its surrender with the communists. Conference Called The government's five-man peace delegation was expected to hold a conference late today. They were to study the communist radio reply to their peace negotiation request. Members said they had no contact with the reds other than the radio report. Earlier there had been evidence of discord In the government. After notifying nine foreign embassies the government would move to the south, the notices were hastily with- drawn for revision. They had not been reissued at the time Chang re- Reds in Italy, protest against pending rent control legislation. The action is being taken by mem- bers of the Tulsa Property Owners Association, Inc., in an effort to withdraw their properties from the rental market, A spokesman said members had "promised to mail or hand out be- tween 600 and eviction notices to their tenants." A few notices were handed out last night by Roy Shelton and the Rev. Wallace J. Murphy, property owners and kingpins of the movement. The election was completely a year ago jj was 54.19. peaceful, and apparently most of] the approximately eligible voters went to the polls. I'm- a IIP KJ-Uli UUIS UJ. tile niuvcjjjcuu. the same items a year ago. The j president of the Tulsa as- prices were the average In each of sociationf dsiimeA the protest action will soon become nation-wide. Murphy, an ordained Baptist min- ister and secretary of the Funda- mental Christian association of Kan- sas City, Mo., is honorary president of the Property Owners Association of America. He said affiliated groups in 20 cities, including Fort Wayne, Ind., and Danville, HI., were being asked to join in the action. Some The total cost of the food staples nave indicated they would do so, he 13 cities from coast to coast. Nationally marketed lines of well known popular brands were survey- ed for the clothing price figures. Residents of Des Moines enjoyed the largest price per cent from a year ago. The total cost of the seven food staples in Des Moines is and was approved And his full authority (Continued on Page 13, Column 5.) ALSOPS Kendall, Wis., Man Dead of Injuries Sparta, Wis. Neil A. War- saw, Sr., 45, of Kendall, died at a Sparta hospital Monday night of injuries suffered when a tree fell by the'flames, despite efforts of him while he was cutting logs Cable and Drummond volunteer fire I in the woods on his farm. He was departments. 'the father of seven children. other cities surveyed includes: This A Tear Year Ago Atlanta Boston Chicago Dallas Denver tos Angeles New York 3.58 3.51 3.81 3.74 3.96 3.27 3.68 3.73 4.01 4.00 4.07 4.07 The survey shows a definite drop in living costs generally during the past year. But there is no common pattern. added. State Centennial Stamp Approved three-cent post- age stamp depicting a pioneer and oxcart moving westward will be issued for the. Minnesota territorial centennial, March 3, the postoffice announced here Tuesday. Canton by February 5. None of the embassies have signi- fied any intention to follow the gov- ernment south. A communist broadcast, informing the central government that party leaders would talk peace with Li's delegation if one removed, came an hour before the move south was an- nounced. The red radio said the peace talks would be held in Peiping as soon as the ancient city "was completely lib- erated." And it emphasized the red "Axis Mildred E. Gil- lars, leaves district federal court in a marshal's van after the first day of her trial on a trea- son charge at Washington. (A.P. Wirephoto.) More Witnesses From Germany in Axis Sally Trial By Karl R. Banman Washington The govern- ment called on two more witnesses from Germany today to back up its treason Sally." charge against "Axis Through these witnesses the pro- secution will continue its account of the wartime nazi radio activities of Mildred E. Gillars', 48. Her broadcasts became Imown to GJ.'s from Africa to Germany as the "Axis Sally" program. Hans Von Richter, a former nazi radio official, and Inge Sylvia Do- man, announcer for some of the "Axis Sally" broadcasts, will be his next witnesses, John M. Kelly, Jr., chief prosecutor, told reporters. Adelbert Houben, once overseas broadcast manager of the German radio, started off the government's case yesterday by testifying that Miss Gillars was the highest paid of all the nazi broadcasters Houben replied when Kelly asked him whether Miss Gil- lars included propaganda in her opening and closing remarks in broadcasting messages from Amer- ican prisoners of war. Houben testified that he first met Miss Gillars in the summer of 1941 when she became an announcer for the nazi radio. In opening arguments yesterday, Kelly pictured Miss Gillars as a New Russ Line Acheson Calls on Kremlin to Support Words With Deeds By Philip Clarke Rome Communist leaders of France and Italy told their followers last night to join In a huge Russian-bossed "peace front." Members of the two biggest red parties outside Russia were ordered to throw "all their force" against "propaganda of hate and calumny, warlike preparations and policies of oppression." At the same time, western Ger-. many's No. 1 communist, called for relations" between the United States and Russia. These moves were the latest de- velopments in Russia's so-called "peace picturing com- munists as lovers of peace and their opponents as warlike aggressors. Nothing Hut Talk They followed shortly after Mos- cow's announcement that the Soviet and her eastern European satellites had been linked in an "economic council of mutual assistance" to counter the European recovery pro- gram. But there still has been nothing but talk in the new Russian pro- paganda line. U. S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson has called on the reds to prove that they mean what they say. There has been no direct response. The call for a "peace front" announced by the Italian com- munist party after a conference with Marcel Cachin, veteran French communist leader. A communique ordered French and Italian reds to "fufUl their tasks of fighters of the Interna- tional front which, under tha leadership of the great Soviet union, is checking the forces of op- pression and war." Say Kuss Want Peace The communique described Cachin as a "peace messenger." Cachin. and Italian Communist Leader Falmiro Togliatti spearheaded'the recent "peace of- fensive." Both have made speeches, the latest last Sunday, in which they declared Russia wants peace. But both also coupled their de- sire for peace with strong attacks on the United States which they said was preparing for war. Last night's communique quoted Cachin as saying French and Ital- ian communists have "an essential function in western de- fend peace and assure an effective united Europe against all attempts at division and foreign Interfer- ence." The other development In the Kremlin's drive to convince the noncommunist world it can get along with Russia showed, up at Frankfurt, Germany, today. Seeks Better Relations Max Reimann, western top communist, called for "better relations" between the United States and Russia. Reimann said "There are many people around President Truman who would like to re-establish sen- sible relations with Moscow." He added in an interview that the President's abortive plan to send Chief Justice Fred Vinson to Mos- cow was "surely But In a speech to persons at a rally 'in Stuttgart, Reimann lashed out at General Lucius D. Clay, the American military gover- nor, and U. S. policies in Germany. Reimann is awaiting trial by the British on charges of threatening reprisals against German politic- ians who collaborate with the west- ern allies in administering interna- tional controls for the Ruhr. Franz von Papen Freed by Court Nuernberg, von Papen, the old fox of diplo- macy in Hitler's Reich, was set free today by a German denazification court. WEATHER list of "war headed by! traitor who sold out to the enemy. Chiang Kai-shek, the retired presi- dent, was still incomplete. All negotiations, the radio said, must be based on the .terms laid down by the red leader, Mao Tze- tung. Among them was abolition of the new constitution and the Kuomin- tang government, trial of war crimi- nals, confiscation of "bureaucratic" capital and the cancellation of trea- ties with the United States and oth- er "western powers. Coffee Can Cuts Man's Neck Artery 'Fargo Ed W. Hendrlckson remained in critical condition at a hospital here today after losing much blood when he fell onto an1 opened coffee can in the kitchen of his Fargo home and cut an artery in Ms neck. Her lawyer, James J. Laughlin re- plied that she was a patriotic American who refused to broadcast what she regarded as anti-American propaganda. Howard Hughes Backs Movie Firm Hughes will put up to finance sev- eral United Artist pictures and will take over three films fie made for Denver release through United Artists. United Artists announced here last Duluth............19 night that the deal was ratified yes- terday by Its board of directors in New York. Hughes is taking over for.his Mpls.; Paul R.K.O. company "The Jane Russell; "Vendetta" and "Mad The last-named is the Harold Lloyd picture formerly known as "The Sin of Harold Diddlebock." FEDERAL .FORECASTS Winona and vicinity Partly cloudy to cloudy tonight and Thurs- day. Occasional snow flurries Thurs- day afternoon. A little colder to- night; low 15. High Thursday 26. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 21; minimum, 7; noon, 17; precipitation, .04 inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at _____ TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Prec. 12 Des Moines ........10 Kansas City '......14 Jos Angeles Miami 52' 79 14 New York-..........48 Seattle ?noenix .'..........43 Washington 56 Winnipeg 2 7 12 13 35 72 4 29 38 37 .07 .69 25 ;