Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 25, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Warmer Tonight Snow Turning tc Freezing Rain Read 'Hollywood' By Hedda Hopper Page 4 Today VOLUME 51, NO. 288 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 25, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES I n ew ouez I Battl e New Approach On Korean Truce Asked U.N. Negotiators Would Set Aside Airfield Dispute By ROBERT B. TUCKMAN MUNSAN, Korea truce negotiators suggested today that the thorny question of airfield con- struction be set aside temporarily and staff officers start work im- mediately on other details of polic- ing a Korean armistice. Chinese Maj. Gen. Hsieh Fang promised to study the proposal and reply later. He did not say when. "Basically, this is another effort of the U. N. command to achieve a realistic armistice as rapidly as said Brig. Gen. Wil- liam P. Nuckols, Allied spokesman. The issue of whether the Com- munists have the right to build and repair military airfields in North Korea during an armistice has deadlocked truce supervision ne- gotiations since Jan. 9. Friday Maj. .Gen. Howard M. Turner asked the Reds to choose one of three possible courses of action: 1. Continue subcommittee discussions while staff officers start work on points already agreed upon in principle. 2. Call a temporary recess until the staff officers complete their work. 3. Turn over the airfield is- sue to the staff officers for dis- cussion after they agree on other points. are willing to accept your recommendations as to which of the alternative actions the subdele- gates should Turner said. "We submit this course of action In a sincere desire to make prog- ress in these negotiations and bring them to a successful conclu- sion in a minimum amount oi time." If the Communists accept 'one of the proposed courses of action, staff officers would face some tough problems. They include: 1. Limits to be placed on ro- tation of troops and replace- ments of equipment and mater- ial. 2. Definition of ports of entry to be inspected. 3. Actual ports of entry to be checked by neutral inspection teams. 4. Personnel and operation of the armistice commission. 5. Composition of inspection teams. 6. Relationship of the armis- tice commission to the inspec- tion teams. 7. Details of withdrawing troops from the buffer zone and from offshore islands. Rear Arm. R. E. Libby emerged from a stormy two hour and 40- minute session of the prisoner ex- change subcommittee to tell news- men: "We caught hell." There was no progress, but Nuc- kols said "at least the Commun- ists began today to talk about spe- cifics rather than broad generali- ties." Specifically, North Korean Maj. Gea. Lee Sang Cho asked the U.N. to return Koreans originally listed as prisoners of war, but Who's for You in (A series of background articles on the de- clared candidates for nomination to the Presi- dency.) Senator Estes Kefauver THE MAN Estes Kefauver, the crime-busting sena- tor from Tennessee, this week put a new complexion on the long watch-and-wait game among the Democrats and announced that he intended to fight to the finish for the Dem- ocratic nomination. Still in his first term in the U.S. Sen- ate, Kefauver won wide prominence earlier this year as chairman of the Senate Crime Investigation Committee, which revealed a vast, nation-wide crime network with many political connections. Kefauver, who will be 50 in July, was born in Madisonville, Tenn. After being educated in public schools in Madisonville, he entered the University of Tennessee where he played football. Later he went to Yale Law School and after graduation, practiced law in his native state. He first entered public life in 1939 when he was appointed Commissioner of Finance and Taxation for the State of Tennessee. That same year a vacancy occurred in the U. S. House of Representatives from his district, so he left the state office and won election to Congress. He served five terms in the House, hav- ing memberships in the judiciary and small business committees. As a House member, he was a strong supporter of New Deal measures, departing from party ranks only on a few issues. Strongly pro-labor, Ke- fauver voted against the Taft-Hartley law both be- fore and after President Truman's veto of the bill. In elections he has re- ceived heavy support from the CIO. sue will unquestionably be important in this year's race for the Democratic nomination. His voting record in Congress shows him to be somewhere between President Truman and the deep. South. He voted for anti-poll tax legislation, but against FEPC and anti-lynch bills, stat- N ing that more progress could be made on the latter two by voluntary co-operation. In the field of foreign policy, Kefauver generally supports the Administration. His main criticism is that in many cases it has been too negative. "For a long time he said, "we have based our foreign policy substantially on what Russia might or might not do. We have be- come the leader of the through choice but through history. It is time for us to lead." A sound believer in the United Nations, Kefauver says that a body of international law, vigorously and intelligently enforced by all freedom-loving nations might well prove the downfall of totalitarian ambitions for all time. "Within the family of nations there now exist enough free societies to outweigh the they would but use their pow- er of justice and they would trust their mature weapons and use them as forcefully as the aggressors use their primi- tive weapons of armed might." He supports economic aid to Europe, the Atlantic Pact and the Japanese Peace Treaty. Taking an opposite view from Stassen and Taft, Kefauver believes that the form of gov- ernment of our allies is none of our business so long as they "respect the freedom of man." He makes this point particularly clear with respect to British socialism. His Kefauver's chances to secure the Demo- cratic nomination hinge directly on whether or not President Truman decides to run again. It is believed that his strategy lies in the Estos Kefauver While in the House, hope that he can gather enough support for .one ef Jus main interests was increasing con- gressional efficiency. He offered a number of proposals to that end, some of which would have required amendment to the Constitution. Among them, he favored increasing the terms of House members to four years and giving the House authority to vote on treaties. In 1947 he defied the political boss of Mem- phis, Ed Crump, and successfully won nom- ination for the U.S. Senate. After intensive campaigning, Kefauver was elected a Sena- tor over heated Crump opposition. The Campaign Issues In spite of the fact that Kefauver has in the main supported the Truman Administra- it is.apparent that no love is lost be- tween the two. As evidenced by his announcement of can- didacy, Kefauver intends to capitalize on the reputation he earned during the crime hear- ings for "letting the chips fall where they may." In a statement Wednesday he charged that the Truman Administration has failed to clean corruption out of government and he promised a clean-up should he be elected. Kefauver's position on the civil rights is- his candidacy to discourage the President from deciding to run. In that event, it is said that he plans on garnering enough delegates in the prifearies to prevent Truman from giving blessings to some other candidate. Many professional Democrats view Ke- fauver as an upstart and generally resent his remarks about Democratic corruption. His civil rights stand is too liberal for many Dixiecrats, and he may have difficulty getting them to support him. There is no question, however, that he has a wide grass roots appeal to many Dem- ocratic voters. Kefauver-for-President Clubs are springing up all over the nation. Here in Minnesota he has the support of. Charles Halsted, twice a DFL candidate for gover- nor. Pew believe, however, that Kefauver would have much of a chance should the President enter the fight for himself. Most observers regard Truman as the best vote- getter in the Democratic camp. At any rate his entry into the race will have a highly influential effect on the Demo- cratic party, already torn by the southern rebellion in this election year. Egyptian Cabinet May Break Otf Diplomatic Ties British Report 41 Egyptians Dead, 130 Wounded By TOM STONE CAIRO, Egypt troops with tank support battled Egyptian police for six hours in Ismailia today. British officials reported 42 Egyptian police and three British soldiers killed in the bloodiest fighting yet in the Suez Canal zone. The British counted 130 Egyp- tians and 13 British soldiers hurt in the battle, which the British initiated to disarm Egyptian auxili- ary police. The British claimed the police were fighting them instead of keeping order. An embittered Egyptian cabinet was called into emergency ses- sion, possibly to consider breaking off diplomatic relations completely with the British. Despite Appeals Despite appeals from outside sources for efforts to make peace in the Suez, relations between the British and the Egyptians appear- ed to be at their worst point since Egypt canceled the 1936 Anglo- Egyptian treaty last October and demanded that British troops get out of the vital canal area. The fighting began in Israailia, a midway point in the Canal Zone, at dawn.tit ended shortly after noon, the British said, when Egyp- tian police resistance collapsed. Outnumbered two to one, the po- lice had been under orders to fight to the bitter end. They fired The Famed Dionne Quints arrived in St. Paul today for the Winter Carnival. They are now 17. Shown shortly after they stepped off their pri- vate railway car are the quints, left to right, Yvonne, Emilie, Marie, Cecile and Annette; Mrs. Ehire Dionne, their mother, far left; Charles Tierney, St. Paul chief of police, next to Mrs. Dionne; Mayor Edward K. Delaney of St. Paul with carnival cap, and Claude Dionne, five, the quints' brother. (Others unidentified.) The Dionne family was brought to St. Paul to par- ticipate in the Carnival activities. They will leave for Canada Wednesday. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) later reclassified as South Korean civilians. Nuckols said Lee also served no- tice that the Reds would hold all South Koreans now in the Com- munist armies and demanded the return of all prisoners held by the Allies. Lee contended there is no such thing as a Republic of Korea. i Million Dollar s Fire at Benton BENTON, HI. MV-Flames that raged out of .control for three hours destroyed two large buildings on the Courthouse Square and-spread to a third today with the losses-, timated at "more than a million dollars." More than 100 firemen and volun- teers from 15 southern Illinois towns helped fight the fire, worst in the history of this community of Authorities said shortly after 11 a. m. the fire seemed to be under control, but the Fox Capitol The- ater an alley from the two destroyed was burning at that time. Streets on the Courthouse Square and for a block or more in every direction presented a spaghetti-like tangle of fire hoses. During the height of the blaze the smoke pall was visible for 10 miles. One fireman was injured. F Tr ranee Rein? orces oops in Tunis! isia Tunisia today landed fresh troops in strife- riddled Tunisia to fight nationalist uprisings in which nearly 50 persons have been killed and hundreds have been injured in the past 10 days. The French cruiser Georges Leygues landed militarized police a the North African port of Bizerta. French officials announced yester day that heavy armored and infantry detachments were being rushec here to help seek out the instigators of violent demonstrations and guerrilla attacks on French Two Trains Derailed Two more trains were derailed by saboteurs last miles west of Tunis and 24 miles south- west of the city, the French said. One man was killed. All major Tunisian cities and towns already were thronged with heavily armed police and troops. In some centers tanks and other armored vehicles patrolled. Martial law was threatened as five more persons were killed in rioting yesterday. The strength of the arriving re- inforcements was not revealed. They join a French force of about French troops, French-of- ficered Tunisian soldiers and po- lice and colonial forces from Sene- gal nad Algeria. (From the port of Toulon, on France's south coast, it was re- ported troop reinforcements had left for Tunisia with light arms, jeeps and other, material.) Four in Mob Killed Police shot and killed four Tuni- sians at Kairouan yesterday. They were in a mob that descended jpon the European quarter, snip- ng from behind walls and burling stones. Ten persons were wound- ed, including a French non-com- missioned officer. A Jewish merchant was stabbed to death in Modenene village. Complete reports were not in, but the French indicated casual ties might be heavy at Kalibia, on Cape Bon, east of Tunis, where French armored units moved yes- terday against a mob throwing grenades, pillaging European homes and attacking police head- quarters and a radar station. Low-flying French jet planes, swooping down on "intimidation dispersed the rioters. The planes did not fire, the French said. Town Retaken The French reported that Te- boulba, a small town captured by nationalists, had been retaken ac3 cleared of trouble makers. Arm- ored cars moved in.after battles two days ago in which seven per- sons were killed. French Resident General Jean de Hauteclocque warned Tunisian leaders yesterday to help calm the nationalists or face severe military reprisals. Habib Bour- guiba, influential head of the na- tionalist Nep-Destour party, re- plied -that it was up to France to bring about a solution by de- fining her position in Tunisia. His party has demanded self rule for Tunisia in internal affairs. I 000 rounds of ammunition before they yielded. The British said 41 Egyptians were killed and 55 wounded at the heaWcenter. One was killed and three were wounded at the police station. Four hundred police sur- rendered at each total of 800. A British spokesman said all would be detained pending "screening and interrogation." Lancashire fusiliers moved against the health center under a smoke screen because police in- side were sniping at the British. Between 500 and 600-police filed out of the police headquarters building and surrendered short- ly after noon. Two hours earlier, Lancashire Fusiliers moved in un- der a smoke screen and captured between 200 and 300 others who had been sniping from the Egyp- tian health center a block away. Emergency Meeting The Egyptian cabinet was sum- moned into an emergency meeting. A reliable informant said it may consider making a full break in diplomatic relations with Britian because of the Ismailia fight to- day. Ismailia has been the center of intense British and Egyptian clashes for a week. During a bat- tle Saturday an American nun was killed. Britain's main military headquarters in the Suez Canal zone is located just outside the city. Before today's fighting the unof- ficial tabulation showed at least 143 Egyptians and 31 British killed Dionne Quints Open at St. ST. PAUL Dionne Quintuplets, arriving from, their Cana- dian homes, held the spotlight with 32 visiting queens today in a pre- view of the nine-day St. Paul Winter Carnival, opening tomorrow. The famous Dionnes were feted en route here yesterday at Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., where a crowd of braved wintry temperatures to greet them. ___The queens, -each representing a Midwest community, were to parade for cameramen in their debut this afternoon. Dewey Says U.S. Must Defend Southeast Asia NEW YORK Thomas E. Dewey, in a -soberly worded warn- ing, said last night that the free world is courting catastrophe if it fails to take prompt action against aggression Asia. in Southeast He repeated again his months- old demand for a mutual defense treaty Pacific of free nations Pourx troop rein- forcements into their Tunisian protectorate as the death toll in home rule rioting mounted to 59 with the killing of a na- tionalist in a predawn battle with French police in Tunis Earlier, reinforced French police moved on Teboulba (2) and French nationalists were evacuated from nearby Mok- nine. French commandos were landed at Sousse (3) and Sfax Paris reports the resi- dent-general, Jean de Haute- cloqne and the Bey Sidi Mo- hammed El-Amin Pasha, had collaborated on an appeal for peace. since last Oct. 16. The biggest previous -battles had been Dec. 3 and 4 when 43 Egyp- tians and 11 British were killed at Suez. Egypt is demanding that the British give up their authority in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan as well as quit the Suez. Egypt has turned down a western proposal that she join in a middle east defense pact The west hoped that by join- ing such a pact Egypt would be- come an active partner in defense of the Suez Canal waterway and the Egyptian-British dispute could be ironed out. The British, determined to stay in the canal zone area, have appeal- ed to other countries to help keep the canal open. Egypt has said she will regard as outright aggres- sion any attempt by other powers to interfere in the dispute. Unprovoked Attack The British ordered the Egyp- tian police to lay down their arms this morning. They said the Egyp- tians were guilty of "unprovoked attacks" and the police bad "fail- ed to maintain order." The British said their drive was aimed particularly at 800 to 000 auxiliary police who flocked into the city to aid the regular pob'ce in mid-October when trou- ble first broke out in the Suez Canal zone. A British spokesman said regu- lar police would be disarmed also but their guns would be returned later if Egypt agreed to carry" out "normal police duties with regular police only." (In London, the British foreign, office said Egypt bad refused a request that the police be disarm- ed. The British added there is "abundant evidence to show that and said: "We should! make it clear tha we will not hesi tate to use every] weapon at command and every weapon we] may develop inj the future in th< manner that hurt; the aggressor! most." Dewey "If we do not issue such a warn- the two-time Republican can- didate for President added, "I be- lieve we will have war." Poised for an invasion of South- east Asia, the New York governor ;aid, are a quarter million season- ed Red Chinese troops. He added: "If we wait for an attack by Red China and then take the case to the United Nations, the Russians will stalemate action until all is lost. "If the free world does not take action to prevent that Chinese invasion, I make the prophecy that the world will face the greatest catastrophe of our time. "Three hundred million twice the population of the United be lost to Commun- ism. Official start of the annual fes- tival comes tomorrow with a pa- rade, set for 2 p.m. and expected to draw tens of thousands of spec- tators. More than two score floats and upwards of 100 musical and marching units, all costumed, will be in the line of march. Sunday will find some anglers competing in the annual fish derby on White Bear Lake for in prizes. Fishermen will compete within an square foot area designed to resemble the cloverleaf emblem of 4-H clubs. Some 200 mayors and their wives from five states and two Canadian provinces will be honor gussts at the Carnival program Wednesday. McMahon Wants Name Removed In Illinois Race WASHINGTON Sen. Mc- Mahon of Connecticut today asked that his name be withdrawn from the Illinois Democratic presiden- tial primary. McMahon made the request in a telegram to Illinois Secretary of State Edward J. Barrett. Senator Kefauver of Tennessee also has been entered in the pri- mary. There had been speculation that McMahon's name was entered by supporters of President Truman with the idea chiefly of preventing the Illinois vote from going to Ke- fauver by default Betty Mutton Divorced HOLLYWOOD Button is footloose and fancy free. She obtained her final divorce decree yesterday from Ted Bris- kin, Chicago camera manufactur- er. Her interlocutory decree was granted Jan. 16, 1951, on grounds of cruelty. 18 Indictments Returned By Federal Grand Jury Moretli Found Guilty, Given Life Sentence CHICAGO Michael Morettt, a suspended state's attorney's po- liceman, was convicted today of murder in one of Chicago's most sensational criminal cases. A criminal court jury set Moret- ti's punishment at life imprison- ment. The case has been in the public spotlight for five months. The state, in its second murder trial of the 33-year-old Moretti, had asked for the death penalty. The first trial ended with deadlocked jury last Dec. 20. second jury deliberated five hours and 15 minutes before returning a decision. Other possible verdicts in the case were imprisonment for a fixed period of not less than 14 years and not guilty. Moretti appeared unmoved by the verdict. There was no demon- stration in the courtroom which had been cleared of all spectators before the jury's verdict was read shortly before 1 a.m. today. Will Appeal Defense attorneys said the case would be appealed "clear to the Supreme Court, if necessary." Hearing on a motion for a new trial was set for .Feb. 5. Moretti, the father of four chil- dren by his first wife, was tried for the slaying last Aug. 24 of Ar- thur Gamino, 15-year-old West Side youth. Edward Salvi, 21, was killed in the same shooting and Leonard Monaco, 21, was wounded. The three were shot as they sat in an automobile in a West Side vacant lot at Blue Island Avenue and Cabrini' Street. Monaco was the state's chief witness in both trials. He testified that Moretti fired without provo- cation on him and the other two youths. Youth Guarded During the second trial the spe- cial prosecutors were involved in a side-court issue in connection with hotel bills of Monaco who has been in protective custody since the shooting. Eight police- men had been assigned to guard him. Only a few days ago Mon- aco was taken from a loop hotel to his home. Monaco was not present at the reading of the jury's verdict. Lat- er be met Special Prosecutor Richard B. Austin in the Criminal Court building and told him: "I'm glad to see justice done." these police have both connived at and taken an active part" in at- tacks'on British'troops.) ST. PAUL ffl Federal Grand Jury was in recess here today aft- er returning 18 indictments, 17 of them secret, yesterday. Robert E. Albrecht, jury fore- man; made clear to Federal Judge Dennis F. Donovan that the panel had not yet completed all of its investigations. Warrants for persons, named in the secret true bills were being prepared and officers said they would not be made public until the persons are in custody, la the 18th G.' Y Day, Indian from the Nett Lake Reservation near Orr, Minn., was charged with assault. He is being held in jail at Duluth. There was no immediate indica- tion of what investigations are being continued. One hint came in the fact that a Federal Bureau of Investigation agent was one of the final witnesses before the jury adjourned. Wednesday, jurors indicted six Minneapolis milk firms for alleged illegal price fixing. Spokesmen for the companies have denied the charge. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and Vicinity Cloudy, rising temperature tonight -and Saturday. Occasional snow flurries tonight. Freezing rain Saturday. Low tonight 22, high Saturday 34. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending in. today: Maximum, -minimum, noon, 20; (incE of sun sets tonight at sun rises'tomorrow at weather on Page 13.