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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 23, 1950, Winona, Minnesota SLEET, COLDER TONIGHT VOLUME 49, NO. 286 FIGHT POLIO WITH THE MARCH OF DIMES WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 23, 1950 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES TODAY- Frankness On Chinese Peril Asked By Joseph and Stewart Alsop Washington The current ruck us about past events in China is a line illustration of the old saw. "Oh what a tangled tale we weave, when once we practice to deceive." Those who prepared the State] department white paper on China! were too fearful of Congress to tell the China story with forthright frankness. Some like the writers, have therefore tried to fill the gap in history by bringing out the sup- the State De- Utica Farm Youth Killed by Car Truman Asks Excise Tax Cuts, Hike in Corporation Levies By Francis M. Le May Truman asked Congress today to pick up pressed facts. But the State De- in new tax money while cutting some sales taxes. partment has also been left open: jj'e said emphatically he wants any reductions to be offset by plug- to all sorts of nonsensical and ir-' ioopholes in present laws. He tagged business, estates and big gifts relevant charges. jas the best source for the additional revenue he wants. A good example of this process! jn B special message, Mr. Truman did not say specifically how much is the recent, thunderous claim he thought should be made in the excise taxes. But he said the learned Senator Homer Fer-jcuts are "m0st urgently needed" in the taxes on freight, railroad and puson of Michigan, that all tickets, long distance telephone and entire China policy from 1944 onward of rctall excises, based on a secret, pro-communist; Rossen to Set State's Mental Health Goals February 2 Dinner At Minneapolis To Honor Director By Jack B. Mackay St. Paul A major state- ment of policy concerning the future on a memorandum from Vice-Presidentj Henry A. Wallace. I IN THE FIRST PLACE, a brief! inspection of the Wallace memor-l andum shows that it does not sub-j stantiate Ferguson's charge. What; the former vice president was, talking about, in his wooly was simply the need for thorough! modernization ana reconstruction of the Chinese national -govern-j ment. This was advocated, as in- dispensable, by every sensible sup- porter of aid to Chiang Kai-shek.! In the second place, Senator! Churchill Warns Of New Wave of Regimentation London Winston Churchill up Britain's election cam- including such items as toilet preparations, j welfare of the state's mental luggage and handbags." I. patients will spark a testimonial While the President used no fig- dilmer February 2 honoring Dr. which will give detailed recommen-l mental health commissioner. dations to congressional committees Th.e affair, scheduled in Minneap- would suggest a cut from tne focal for a full. to ten percent in the retail tax on such things as cosmetics, luggage and handbags. Tax Loopholes Cited Mr. Truman did specify that these taxes should be cut "only to the extent that the loss in revenue can be recouped by eliminating the tax loopholes which now permit soms groups to escape their fair share of taxation." He said the biggest "loophole" is 'the excessive depletion exemptions sent to President "Roosevelt over the weekend with a China by the itinerant Wallace.jwarning against "another plunge Thlsjvas a socialist regimentation." enjoyed by oil and mining in- Sir Hartley Shawcross, adding: "Under these exemptions, large percentages of the income from oil and mining properties escape taxa- tion, year after year. Owners of command, and replace Stilwell attorney general, last night retort- 'I would have thought that if ever men's souls were regimented with General Albert C. Wedemeyer. In short Wallace wanted Roosevelt to get rid of Generalissimo Chi H was the old (Conservative Amines bitterest enemy, in favor of.-------- later became Chi-party) regime with education the masses cut short almost the man who ang's friend. This recommendation of Wai- exclude from taxation soon as it lace's was of upon, any more andum was. It clearly proves, however, course not acted Hives in long rows of than his memor-lback-to-back houses; with men be- I coming more and more mere cogs that in the mechanized Industrial ma- _ began- with the drab Ion account of depletion as much as vei _ ____ nf nof monotonous half of Wallace had not become the cap- tive of the communists in 1944. It also shows that Senator Ferguson! has been talking through his hat. chine." Churchill, in a radio address Sat- urday night, called for a return to free enterprise to "win us back glorious ascendency" THE SAME STRICTURES apply the to the attempt, now going on Congress ana on the radio, prove that there was some sort since the general elections of pro-communist plot In the State (set for February 23. As to business, the President re- commended: A "moderate increase" in the tax rate applicable "to that part of a corporation's income which is In excess of At the same time he recommend ed department. There was no such plot. There were simply two com- peting and opposed views of China policy, both of them supported by He declared that socialism was weakest defense against com- munism" and was being discarded in the rest of the commonwealth and most of western Europe. Shawcross in his reply to Church- Conservative very strong arguments. One view was that of John Davies Jr. in wartime the declared the political advisor of General stii- leader was simply chanting, and now a member of thejerything that Labor can do, I can State department planning staff, ido better. "Ev- net income." that the tax rate on between S25.000 and Is now taxed "at the exces- sively high 'notch' rate of 53 per scale campaign to rally the mental health forces for action on some new type of policy or better ap- proach in the care of the mentally ill. Dr. Rossen, given E 30-day leave after he relinquished his post as superintendent of the Hastings state hospital, doesn't believe in waiting for his term to start of- ficially February 1 before jumping into his new responsibilities. The new commissioner has been working 12 to 16 hours a day get- ting ready for his future work. Recognizing the need for young doc- tors in the' state hospital system, he went into a huddle on the prob- lem with Governor Youngdahl and Public Institutions Director Carl J. Jackson. Brilliant Teacher Dr. lossen doesn't attract young by recruitment methods alone. He is known as a brilliant teacher and research man who can He impresses the Republican-Herald photo Charred and water-soaked debris is swept up by workmen at the Vogel garage, Arcadia, Wis., fol- lowing Saturday night's fire which did about worth of damage, according to Henry Vogel, owner of the business. The blaze was believed to have originated In the wall pictured above, which separates the front and back portions of the garage. Vogel has been in business at Arcadia the past 35 years and plans to erect a new garage a block away in the next few months. cent, be reduced to the same rate as applies above He proposed that estate and tax laws be revised to provide uni- form treatment and reduce present exemptions so as to "not only bring in more but to "Improve the fairness of the estate and gift tax laws." As an example of what he had In mind there, Mr, Truman said that J Mainly because of the envenom- He pointed ou'. ed relations between Stilwell and were pledged to keep most of the Chiang Kai-shek, Davies early be- i r, I if a mfln leaves an estate of t that Conservatives to a wlffi and three children> tne probably estate must pay a tax of But a man of the same wealth, he said, could give to his family over a five-year period, leave an estate of came convinced that the Chinese junder ul; national government could 'YtTata-vf be no taxes, iil'ssimo Chiang's regime could not; of social_ and economic Spreafl out permanently survive without re- form and improvement. If you Minnesota mental hospital is expected to become one system of the and strongest research centers in the na- tion. Last year critics of Governor Youngdahl's program said it would be impossible to get all the doc- tors, therapists and psychiatric aides that he requested. To date most of the positions have been filled. Some of Dr. Rossen's colleagues say that research has been his strongest point. Despite lack of funds and equipment which forced him to work in a "back woods" fashion at Dr. Rossen has completed 15 research projects which have been published in scien- way, the gifts! tific journals. Both Governor JLabor-which believes in them- be t ex remaining 'and not to Tories who vote mpntai hpait. case them now in order to attract started with Davies1 as in therefore, it was nlso plain ana the future in China belonged to: the dvnamic Chinese communists.votes. The 'Chinese communists then The Laborite chancellor of the wholly controlled their Sir Cnpps' mid their armies. health; estatg would be under the to tfcc wi- Youngdahl and hat the heart of the mental health program is the training of psychiatric chiH ans and Thov had Preaches from the pulpit al- dren.) bv ,h_ most as frequently as he orates oni However, mt. r.ln ttnw-i-i political Platform describedplain tnat he would veto any tax treated with contempt kremlin. Dnvies nstutelv foresaw the possibility of Tito-ism when no as the extension that does not at the same time Russian expert believed it oossi-Practlcal cvery-day life of in new revenue to make up nossi- practical uver.v-usy me ui uui Dring In (Christian responsibility for the loss. In his Ador Alan Hale has taken Davles's'Jovial, hearty Alan Hale, at 57, a oolirv veteran of 39 years as a motion pic-jbracket individuals, such ,______._____., i__i__a_j ;_ AArt ArtA ture actor and director. bio Davies' policy was simply ot our promote Tito-Ism in China, by of-i Ipriiig American aid lo !he Chi-! nose communists, and thus ren- derinc them still more independ ent of the kremlin. It was a policy that involved honvy risks. But it f L 1 was also (i perfectly respectable 3l II policy. It looks far shrewder today JUvVUIIIUj Ul Jl than'it did when Davies proposed, it. It would certainly have been infinitely better to try policy, than to have no all. THE RKAt HISTORY of loss of China can be briefly: summed up. General Stilwell pross-'. ly mismanaged affairs there.! One -way to overcome the effects! 01 this mismanagement was to, adopt the Davies policy. But General Stilwell was dismissed, the' Davies policy ceased to be feas-l tble. This left only the alternative policy, which was always the saf- er policy in the opinion of the writ-' ers. This was to attempt-in on nn even larger scale, the same sort of operation we have now; successfully completed in Greece.! Unfortunately, this alternative policy was also rejected. There; were many re.isciis for its rejec-! tion, rnn.cins from the anti-Chiang; prejudices still surviving in the State department, all the way to the on General George C. Marshall of his frirnd Stilwell'S' China experiences. To General Marshall in fact belonps the ulti- mate responsibility for our falling1 between two stools in China, Rev. Mikkelson Dead at Minneapolis The Rev. Wal- lace G. Mikkelson, pastor of As- bury Methodist church, died last r.icht after an illness of a week. He was 48 years old. Besides the As- bury church, he had served con- greeations at Pillaeer. North Branch. Osakis. Ada, Bcltrami. Alexandria and Jordan, Minn., and Coopers-j town, N. D. I has recog- nized that training programs were needed to (1) Fill jobs where there were shortages of trained man- power; and (2) Improve the work of people now In the system. Announcement has been made that the psychiatric section of the Mayo Clinic at Rochester was glv- in the proposed tax legislation, leaving this to be filled'in later by the Treasury department. made it 4.500-word message, fail-day of advanced train- President discussed at each week to all available state length "shocking" loopholes which he said allow some persons and terests to escape millions in taxes. In asking an over-all increase of in taxes, Mr. Truman retreated from the boost he recommended last year and which Congress ignored. This time he made no mention of higher taxes for middle and upper hailed as the beginning as one of the most important training pro- grams in the country. The Mayo program was developed under the leadership of Dr. Francis J. Braceland of its psychiatric sta. Co-operating with him were Dr. Magnus C. Petersen, superinten- dent of the Rochester state hospi- tal, and Dr. Rossen. included in his biU. Fire Damages Interior of Arcadia Garage Arcadia, Fire swept through the interior of the Vogel garage here Saturday night, but was brought -under control be- fore spreading to nearby frame dwellings. Hiss Plans Appea After Sentencing New Hiss, convicted of perjury and branded an aide of prewai- Soviet spies, will file an appeal immediately after he is sentenced in federal court Wednesday. The onetime high-ranking State department official, an adviser to President Roosevelt at the Yalta conference, laces a possible maximum sentence of ten years in prison and in fines. Hiss, 45, was free in bail after the jury of eight women and four men found him guilty Satur- day about 24 hours after they re- ceived the case. His chief defense counsel, Claude Damage was estimated at Cross, by H. R. Vogel, owner, who recalled Brookltae, that it is exactly 30 years ago this said at his home in Mass., yesterday thatj The 60 by 120-foot frame building had steel sidings and a steel roof winch was credited by Vogel with holding the fire inside the struc- ture. Two used cars were burned beyond repair in the garage, a wrecker was badly damaged but one new auto- mobile escaped with only minor smoke damage, Vogel revealed this morning. Flames were discovered by Robert Gretzek, operator of a co-operative filling station across the street, at p. m. Saturday. Vogel, home for supper, had plan- ned to return to the garage about 7 p. m., but had been delayed be- cause of a long distance phone call. "If I'd been back as I had plan- ned, perhaps I. could nave discover- ed the fire sooner and maybe pre- vented it from gaining such-head- way Vogel said today. Flames seemed to originate in a doctors. In medical circles this was partition separating the front and back sections of the building, Vogel pointed out, although cause Of the blaze Is not definitely known yet. The long, narrow building has loused Voxel's business since 1S42. He came here from North Dakota 35 years ago to start in business. Plans have been in the making for some time for ft new building, to be located about a block from the old one, Vogel reveals. Frame dwellings of Mrs. John Dr. Ralph Rossen Minnesota's first mental health commissioner, didn't wait until his new appointment becomes swing into action. The commissioner is shown dis- cussing with Governor Youngdahl (left) and Carl Jackson, director of public institutions, how to attract young doctors into the state hospital system to aid the mentally ID. CAP Photo) Kotlarz and Frank Nimetz are lo- icated on either side of the garage, I but were not damaged in the fire. Of the total damage, about worth of automobile and truck parts were ruined by fire and water, ac- cording to the garage owner. A crew of 25 volunteer firemen, headed by Fire Chief Alvin Braun, fought the blaze. The garage Is located on a side street that runs parallel with Arcadia's main thor- oughfare. In Holdup At Milwaukee Milwaukee A bank mes- senger was robbed of In cash and checks in a daring day- light holdup today. The robbery took place shortly [before noon on North 28th street between West Michigan street and iWest Wisconsin avenue. The hold- men got away on foot and were picked up by two other men in a car, police said. The money and checks, in a, brief case, were taken from Harold Wei- ner, 22, a loan company clerk, who wu en route to downtown bank. Cross declined to state what grounds would be cited in the de- ask the) the to set appeal aside from appeal. Before appealing, the fense lawyer is expected to the trial Judge conviction. Any circuit court would be to the U, S, Supreme court. Hiss and his wife, who testi- fied for him, were not available to newsmen. But friends reported the defendant kept protesting his innocence and remained firm in his belief that the conviction would be reversed on appeal. Friends said Hiss was shocked at the outcome of the trial, and told them he had been confident Sino-Soviet Pact Believed Ready to Sign By Eddy Gllmore Moscow A new treaty be- tween Soviet Russia and the Chi- nese communists appeared to be near completion today. Local observers believed the ne- gotiations required before signing of the pact and Its announcement were drawing rapidly to a close. The latest development was the visit last night of the Chinese pre- mier and foreign minister, Chou the jury would disbelieve the storyJEn-lai, to Generalissimo Stalin in of his chief accuser, kremlin. Chambers, self-styled excommun-l It was Chou's formal call on the head of the Soviet state after his 1st courier. "It Just seems impossible that any one would believe Chambers, the admitted Hiss was quoted as saying. Hiss was convicted on two counts of perjury for lying before a fed- eral grand jury investigating espi- onage. One count was for his denial that he gave U. S. secrets to Chambers, The second count was for his denial that he had not considered necessary. seen Chambers after January 1, 1937. Chambers charged that Hiss existing Sino-Soviet alliance, gave him the secrets in 1938. espionage because the statute of limitations bars prosecution at this late date. arrival here Friday. Soviet For- eign Minister Andrei Y. Vlshinsky and communist China's ambassa- dor to Moscow, Wang Chia-hsiang, accompanied him. Chinese red leader Mao Tze- tung, who has been in Moscow since December 16, did not accom- pany his foreign minister. For such a protocol visit, his presence was Mao on his arrival announced the Edwin Blakeley, County's First Fatality of Year Hit Early Sunday In Dense Fog on Highway 14 While one of the winter's densest fogs blanketed the Winona area early Sunday morning a 19-year- old Utica farm youth was killed when he was struck by an automo- bile on highway 14, about one and one-half miles west of Utica. Victim of the mishap Winona county's first fatal traffic accident Of Edwin Blakley who [was killed Instantly when he was 'struck by an automobile driven by Donald W. Randall, a University of Minnesota student who lives about six miles south of Lewiston. The year's first traffic death in the county was recorded during a weekend In which fog, freezing rain and sleet created hazardous driving conditions that were re- sponsible for nearly a dozen traffic accidents in the Winona area. Blakley, who lived at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. An- drew Blakley, about one-half mile west of Utica, was returning to his home after visiting relatives near St. Charles when the accident oc- curred at about a.m. Sun- day. Walking on Highway According to Sheriff George Fort who was called to investigate the accident, Blakley was walking east along the highway, almost midway in the eastbound lane of traffic when he was struck by the Ran- dall car. Randall told the sheriff thmt was driving about 25 miles an hour when he suddenly saw Blakley di- rectly in front of his car. He stat- ed that the heavy fog obscured his vision and prevented him from seeing the pedestrian on the high- until he was only a few feet from the youth. Blakley was itruck by the right front portion of die car and was thrown across the hood and then rolled to the road shoulder after the impact. Several articles of clothing worn by Blakley were found at the spot where he was struck. Visited Sister Sheriff Fort stated that Blakley had visited his sister and brother- in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Raymond Schneider, at their farm one mile south of Utica Saturday evening and apparently was walking on the highway en route to his home at the time of the accident. The sheriff said that fog had closed In on the area shortly be- fore the accident and that visibil- ity had been reduced to virtually zero on the highway at the ac- cident site. Another motorist, Louis Murphy. a St. Charles fanner, arrived at the accident scene only a few mo- ments later and took the dis- jht Randall to St. Charles jWhere he notified the Winona coun- ty sheriff's office oJ the accident and called a St. Charles physician. Sheriff Fort summoned a Stev- jen's Service ambulance but it was I found that Blafcely apparently had been killed at the moment of im- pact, Ruled Accidental Winona County Coroner B. B. Tweedy was called and pronounc- ed death to be accidental. Born in Rochester May 13, 1930, Blakley is survived by his parents and several brothers and sisters. Funeral services will be held at the Wellman Funeral home Tues- day afternoon and burial will be In the cemetery. ed by Chiang Kai-shek's Chinese Hiss could not be charged with nationalist government, would be one of the matters occupying his chief attention during his visit here. General Omar Bradley, chairman of the joint chiefs of staff; General J. .Lawton Collins, Army chief of staff, and Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, left to right, appear before the House armed sp-rvices committee in Washington today to urge extension of the draft i'or three years beyond next Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) WEATHER FEDEEAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity: Cloudy with sleet, freezing rain or light snow tonight and Tuesday. Somewhat colder tonight, lowest 18; rising temperature Tuesday, high 30. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 30: minimum, 17; noon, 29; precipitation, none. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 30; minimum, 22; noon, 24; precipitation, trace; sun sets tonight at sun to- morrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. Alexandria....... 15 1 .12 Bemidji 8-9 Duluth 17 5 .09 Mpls.-St. Paul 22 15 .02 Rochester........27 20 St. Cloud 17 6 .06 Willmar 19 6 .07 Abilene..........79 54 Chicago 37 35 .01 Denver 66 36 Des Momes......46 25 Kansas City .....51 45 Los Angeles......80 53 Miami 78 70 New Orleans.....76 63 New York........50 41 Seattle ..........45 32 .19 Phoenix 75 43 Washington......50 43 Edmonton .10 Regina 2 .13 The Pas -15 -36 Winnipeg 1 ;