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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 22, 1952, Winona, Minnesota Windy, Much Colder Tonight; Cold Wednesday VOLUME 51, NO. 285 FIVE CENTS PER COPY WJNONA, MINNESOTA, TUESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 22, 1952 urope ust Unite, Ike Says Silent Truman Draws Hopefuls Into Primaries Kefauver, McMahon Enter Presidential Fight in Illinois WASHINGTON A record crop of Democratic presidential candidates was sprouting sud- denly today as President Truman kept mum on his own plans. Some party politicians said the list may swell to 20 if Mr. Tru- man delays announcing his deci- sion until near convention time in July. Two Democratic hats landed in the presidential ring yesterday in Illinois, as slates were filed for Senators Kefauver of Tennessee and McMahon of Connecticut for the April 8 primary. The Republican presidential pri- mary in Illinois also was enliven- ed when Harold E. Slassen, for- mer Minnesota governor, and Gen. Douglas MacArthur were entered in opposition to Sen. Taft of Ohio. Shortly afterward, however, MacArthur was quoted as saying he would have his name with- drawn, that it had been entered without his knowledge. Col. Law- rence Bunker, the general's top aide, said last night, "I suppose he'll do something about it tomor- row." Ltgil Action Required But the man who entered the general in the race, Lar Daly of Chicago, said he would take legal action, if necessary, to prevent MacArthur or anyone else from withdrawing the general's name. The Illinois primary is advisory only and Is not binding on the state's convention delegates. and .SUssen -tangle-first -to the WiscosateJKimary April 1. Af- ter he and Kefauver were entered in the Illinois primary, McMahon issued a statement saying Illinois backers "have done me great hon- or." Kefauver and McMahon were graduated together from Yale Law School in 1927. "I am sure that the .contest wffl be carried out in good Mc- Mahon said. "I look forward to the opportunity of talking to the people in Illinois." Informed Democrats said Presi- dent Truman knew that McMahon would enter the Illinois primary, If Kefauver did. Kefauver, former chairman of the Senate's crime-busting commit- tee, is going through the motions of an active candidate, but he says he will not make a formal deci- sion until about Feb. 1. Senate sources said the name of Vice President Alben Barkely may be boomed soon by Kentucky Dem- ocrats for the top party spot iJ President Truman continues his silence about seeking another term. Humphrey in Sen. Humphrey already has emerged as a "favorite son" can- didate to help Mr. Truman con- trol the Minnesota delegation to the Democratic convention. And more "favorite sons" are expected to bob up in several oth- er states. One Democratic senator who asked that his name not be used, listed these: House Speaker Sam Rayburn ol Texas for the Lone Star state and other Southwestern delegations. Sen. Joseph C. O'Mahoney of Wy oming. Sen. Robert Kerr of Oklahoma Gov. G. Mermen Williams of Michigan. In New Hampshire, which holds the first presidential primary March 11, Gen. Dwight Eisenhow er's name already is entered bj Republican backers. He has until Jan. 27 to withdraw it. Four Republican delegate candi dates filed in New Hampshire yes terday as favorable to Gen MacArthur. Some Taft boosters have indicated they may file. U. S. Prestige Low in Orient, Rep. Mack Says SAN FRANCISCO IB- Rep. Pet er F. Mack who flew in yes terday from Honolulu on the home ward leg of his globe-girdling fligh in a smaU, single-engine plane says American prestige in the Ori ent is low. The congressman completed the mile flight in 16 hours, 1 minutes. Mack began the flight as a good tour last Oct. 7. He said that he found American prestige highest in Turkey and low est in the Orient, "although, gee erally, people -all over the world are beginning to.appreciate our eJ forts." jje planned to take, off tomorrow for Dallas; Tex., en route to Spring field, EL Who's for You in '52 (A series of background articles on the de- clared candidates for nomination to the Presi- dency.) Earl Warren THE MAN California's smiling governor, Earl War- ren, last fall became the second avowed candidate for Republican nomination to the Presidency in the 1952 election. Following Taft by about a month, he an- nounced that he would permit the entry of his name in his state's presidential primary in June. Warren, sometimes called a "New Deal is the only man in United States history who has been elected governor of his state on both the Republican and Democratic tickets simul- taneously. In the field of na- tional politics, however, he has consistently aligned him- self with the liberal elements of the Republican party. Governor Warren, who will be 61 in March, is a native Californian, the son of Scan- dinavian immigrants. He went to public schools and worked his way through the Univer- Gov. Warren sity of California where he received a law de- gree. He served as a first lieutenant in an in- fantry unit in World War I, but did not see overseas service. He became deputy city attorney of Oak- land in 1919. Later he served as California attorney general and from that post moved to the governor's chair. As governor he was intensely interested in law enforcement. One factor that probably in- terested him in that direction was the mur- der of his father who was bludgeoned to death in presumably by a robber. One of his most spectacular acts of law enforcement was his simultaneous raid on four large gambling ships anchored .about seven miles off the coast. His efforts succeed- ed in clamping down on the ships for good. He campaigned for the Mice of governor on a ticket of "enlightened progress with economy." Some of his achievements included an increase in state pensions for the aged, the blind and needy children, reduction in the sales tax, reduction of other state taxes amounting to almost a year, an employe disability insurance act, increase in public school teachers' pay, and reorganiza- tion of the state's mental health and penal systems to put more emphasis on rehabilita- tion. He also attempted to put across a com- pulsory health and hospital insurance pro- gram, but was unable to secure its passage in the legislature. Warren was his state's "favorite son" at the conventions in 1936, 1944 and 1948. At the first two conventions, he released the del- egations before the balloting started, but in 1948 hung on to receive 39 votes on the first ballot. Campaign I So far Governor Warren has not made an open bid for national favor in this presiden- tial race and has not announced specifically his campaign issues. The stand he will take on many of the is- sues of the day, however, can be predict- ed fairly accurately by his past actions and opinions. Unquestionably the corruption exposures within the Democratic administration will be a key issue with all Republican contenders to the nomination. Warren's record of vigor- pus law enforcement while governor, will un- doubtedly place him as a critic of the ad- ministration, and as a candidate he will pledge a purge of the offenders. In the field of foreign policy, Warren is a spoken internationalist. He believes that "we are bound to oppose the imposition of a Communistic or any other form of government upon any nation through exterior political or diplomatic pressure or threats or actual use of force." He is a strong supporter of the United Nations, and was in favor of the Marshall plan. "On the ground of common he said, "the United States should help war torn countries which were either free or struggling for their freedom." A believer in universal military training, he says that world peace is impossible unless the United States maintains armed forces consistent with our commitments to the world. "No sane ruler or country would deliber- ately provoke war with a rich country like ours if it were known that we were ready to defend he said. "Any bully might try it, On domestic affairs his record as gov- ernor shows that he favors progressive pro- grams on welfare issues but that he also is a believer of economy in government. Hit After Warren decided to run, it is be- lieved that he intended to sit tight without making an early announcement, hoping that a deadlock would develop between Taft and Eisenhower over pledged delegates. According to speculation he became wor- ried, however, that Taft was piling up too many delegates in advance arid decided to announce his candidacy in hopes that it would hinder the Taft movement. In the opinions of most observers at this point, Taft and Eisenhower will be the prin- cipal candidates at the beginning of the Re- publican convention. It appears that Warren acknowledges this and is standing by to take over in case a deadlock between the two oc- curs. Should that happen, Warren could have a chance to obtain the nomination for himself, but he would have to face Harold Stassen, who is in a somewhat similar position and who is conducting a vigorous campaign for dele- gates throughout the nation. Warren has proved a good vote-getter, and his liberal policies plus the record of Democratic support in California would stand in his favor in the general election should he get the nomination. Iran Refuses To Accept New British Envoy TEHRAN, Iran Iran refused today to accept Robert Hankey as the new British ambassador to Teh- ran. The British had submitted Han- key's appointment as a new move toward ending the bitter deadlock between the two countries over the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company holding, which Iran nationalized last spring. Hankey, 46, was to succeed Sir Francis Shepherd who has been British ambassador in Tehran through all the oil trouble. Hankey's name had been sent to Premier Mohammed Mossadegh's government for approval under nor- ;nal diplomatic procedure. Its re- rare event in the world of bound to worsen relations, already almost at the breaking point, between Bri- tain and this tumultuous middle- eastern kingdom. It was another resounding slap at Britain from the Iranians, who ten days ago ordered-all nine Brit- ish consulates in the country closed. The British after strong protests, shut them down Sunday. Shepherd, who had been appoint- ed by the lately-defeated labor government was ordered home and told he would be assigned else- where shortly after -Conservative Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden took office. Hankey has-had 25 years experi- ence in the diplomatic service and has served in Cairo, Tehran, Ma- drid, Berlin, Warsaw and Bucha- rest He was private secretary to Eden from 1933 to 1936, including part of Eden's first term as foreign secretary. Sister Anthony, above, 52, American victim of the Anglo- Egyptian struggle over the Suez Canal area, was fatally shot outside an Ismailia sec- tor 'convent during a battle between British troops and Egyptian Nationalists. The slain nun was the daughter of Samuel Timbers; of PeekskflL N.Y. Wirepnoto via ra- -dio'from'London.) WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Wbona and Vicinity Cloudy, windy and turning much colder with drifting and blowing snow to- night Generally fair, continued cold Wednesday-with occasional flurries of snow.. Low-tonight :5 in city, near zero in country; high Wednesday 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending .at 12 m. today: Maximum, 31; minimum, 10; noon, 23; precipitation, .67 (7 inches son sets at. sun-rises tomorrow Additional weather on Page Truman Won't Get Tax Hike, Some Cuts Seen WASHINGTON Wl The usua wave of economy demands rollee out of Congress today in the wak of President Truman's record peacetime spending but get-for the fiscal year startin July 1. Cuts of up to 14 billion dollars- enough to prevent a federal defici demanded. But there seemed little likelihooc that such a even anythin resembling be attained. Actually, Congress is limited in trimming the President's spendin program, since much of the con templated outlay will come from money already allocated but sot yet spent Mora Monty In, new appropriations for the coming year, the President re- quested some 1 billion less than he had sought fo the present year. Congress cut this year's appropriations a little over four billion. With national security program taking 76 cents out of every dollar planned for 1953 spending, Congres may concentrate its-economy driv on the old-line civilian agencies Cots of up to 10 per .cent in civfliai employment have been demaadei by leading Republicans, who claim such a slash would save a billio dollars In the new year. There was one thing fairly cer tain about the fiscal outlook: Th President isn't likely to get any o the extra tax revenue he wants His budget message called fo more taxes. Congres doesn't take kindly to tax in yean. General Urges institutional Convention Strength, Stability Impossible Under Present Setup SUPREME HEADQUARTERS, ALLIED POWERS IN EUROPE General Eisenhower believes "constitutional convention" hould be called to unify Europe. "The mere fact of calling it would mean a lot in the United the SHAPE commander aid in a statement abstracting re- marks he made yesterday at a ews conference his first since e declared in effect that he would ccept a Republican nomination or President. The remarks were 'off the but a report of tiem was cleared in part for pub- ication tonight. "As time goes the general aid, "it seems obvious that Europe) cannot gain strength and lability if it is 'to remain split up in a number of independent economies. "There must be progress toward: the unification of Western Europe f the objective of permanent ecurity and peace in the western world is to be realized. "This statement does not mean A course, that we cannot produce emporarily a military equilibrium Jut remember we are talking of ong-term security." Co-operation Urged Although Eisenhower frequently las urged Europeans to co-operate more closely, this is the first time le has made public a concrete suggestion for a constitutional con vention. Asked if he included England to his definition of Western Europe Sisenhower replied: "No." Commenting on the danger o Communist aggression In Europe Jen. Eisenhower said that nations 'might be tempted to say 'we wil simply sit back and retaliate hey attack.' "But where have they attacks except in limited areas like Korea and Indochina? And yet they have Czechoslovakia; they have the Balkans; they have China; they lave incorporated the Baltic states and they control "They have methods that leavt the free world relatively helpless unless we have great combination of morale, economic and militarj strength." Ponders Reaction Replying to a question abpu Russia's probable reaction to Ger man rearmament, Eisenhower said: "Russia's policy is going to b determined by her own position- whatever she believes to be to her advantage at the moment. I doub that incidents of the free world any particular incident, even one as important as West Germany partially rearming, would be suffi :ient to make her change mater ially the course she has set fo herself." "Now I can't Gen. Eisen bower continued, "that over the long term, Russia may not con template seriously the possibility of global war. "But I do believe that as of thi time it would be a very foolish policy to follow and I believe shi sees that." The general replied to a ques Dakotas Blizzard Ties Up Traffic tion on how he thought the col war would end by saying "I thin global war would be the greates tragedy that we could possibly ex perience, except loss of freedom. "Therefore, to answer mor specifically your question, I be lieve we should strive to establis systems of corrective strength tha will bring about equilibrium a cheaply, effectively and economic ally as we can." It Took Power snow removal equipment to attack today's offering from old man winter in Minneapolis. Strong winds, whip- ping more than seven inches of snow, clogged traffic lanes soon after they were opened. Here John Serr meets the problem with a hand variety of rotary plow. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republi- can-Herald.) 7 Inches of Heavy Snow Drifting Badly Winona and area smarted today under the impact of seven inches of heavy, wind-whipped snow, and city, county and state highway crewmen strove mightily to meet the challenge of the heaviest fall this season. The snowfall started late Mon- day afternoon and laid an almost continuous ceiling-zero blur over the area until early today. High- way crewmen said hard winds brought extensive drifting on the county's vulnerable ridges, and more soft snow fell during the morning. Additional drifting in the face of high winds is forseen for tonight, but more the possible exception of occasional flurries- is not expected. It was snowing at noon, however. It will be generally fair Wednesday after a cloudy night. Overnight temperatures early Wednesday are expected to drop sharply to a low of 5 in the city and near zero in the country. Trains From West Late Spokesmen for railroads serving the city said operation of Midwest trains were on virtually normal schedules throughout the night and this morning, but trains coming from the West were as much as five hours late after battling chok- ing blizzards in the Dakotas. The Chicago and.North Western Railway system was readying a plow and flanger to head west early Wednesday on a track-clear- ing assignment The unit will clean the main line to Rochester and branch lines to Chatfield and Plainview. An official of the road said, "Last night's winds were to the east and did not drift on our main lines badly at all, but we don't know yet about the branches. They run north and south, and I think we will have extensive drift ing on them." The Chicago, Burlington and 7 INCHES (Continued on IS, Column 4.] Robert A. Taft shakes hands with Mrs. Pearl Schwab, a welder in the Fairbanks-Morse Company plant at Beloit, Wis. In center is Marty -Winger, a workman, -who showed 'Taft through the plant Wirepnoto to By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Snow and cold today whipped in- o the northern tier of states from he Rockies to the Great Lakes. A blizzard swept across South Dakota on winds of 50 to 60 miles an hour. Most of the highways in South Dakota were blocked. Visibility was zero this morning in the Stur- and Pierre areas. All roads in those sections were plug- ged tight. With new snow atop the earlier falls, the snow cover was 21 inches deep at Pierre, 17 at Aberdeen, 15 at Philip and ten at Huron. Secondary roads were blocked in virtually off of Minnesota but the extreme northern section where the snowfall was comparatively light Trains and buses were running late, and plane travel was cur- tailed. High Winds Wind up to 40 miles an hour in gusts, caused additional drifting in ie wake of plows, but the Minne- sota highway department reported all main trunk thoroughfares open this morning. The storm which moved in from the southwest, covering a wide area, deposited eight inches of snow on Albert Lea and seven inches on the Twin Cities. Duluth and Fargo and Grand Forks, N. D. St. Cloud and Alexandria had five inches and Rochester four. Schools were closed in many southern Minnesota towns. The Minneapolis airport weather station reported the snow would continue over most of Minnesota the rest of today with continued strong winds. A temperature drop will take over tonight with lows of -15 in northern Minnesota and zero to -5 in the south predicted. Fergus Falls which received four inches of snow reported the bulk of its area roads blocked by drift- ing and buses not operating. Albert Lea reported many motorists stall- ed by the eight-inch fall. More Snow Falls New snow ranging from 5 to 10" inches, with the heaviest fall re- ported in eastern North Dakota, driven around by strong winds, caused all the trouble. Visibility was down to zero at some points at the height of the storm. The chief dispatcher for the Northern Pacific railway in Fargo said this morning that all branch lines out of Fargo would be .ihut down today. The mam NP line open, but a westbound passenger train was late. Plans Ice Cream Social Tonight' STILLWATER, Minn. UB-A weather forecast of cold and snow won't stop local busi- nessmen from -holding their annual ice cream social here today. A turnout of about per- sons is expected 'to snub old man winter as the merchants play golf and Softball -in the snow drifts. The occasion is the third an- imal mid-winter ice cream so- cial sponsored by the Cham- ber of Commerce and. Snowlud FooditCo. ;