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View Sample Pages : Winona Republican Herald, January 22, 1949

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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 22, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 286 WINONA, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES 11 Below Here Low for Winter Western Europe Alliance Draws Defense Line Five Nations Protect Dutch Seacoast To Swiss Mountains nmunists as soon as a delegation can uc London (ff) The five-nation Thrust- into the leadership of what remains of European alliance has China by Chiang Kai-shek's retirement yesterday, Li met far into t.n maintain a defense line the night and again this morning with his top advisers. 14 assumed the president's duties at a simple ceremony lasting only a few minutes at the executive offices. The meeting was closed to the public, but attended by the cabinet, whom LI again asked to remain at their posts. Acting President Of China Seeking Peace With Reds By James D. White President Li Tsung-jen of China today is expected to announce he is ready to open peace talks with the communists as soon as a delegation can be selected. The Alsops Informed sources said they were trying to pick a committee which may fly to the red capital of Yenan or any other place the communists direct lor the first face-to-face conference with the reds. Discuss Envoys It was almost certain, these sour- ces added, that General Chang Chih-chung, one of the few high government officials not on the red 'war'criminal" would" lead the Dictators Driven Off In Europe By Joseph Alsop Paris Thus far, the best way to measure the effectiveness of the Marsliall plan In Europe is by what has not happened. Inflation, starvation, economic paralysis and political insanity have not got west- former iremier unang ami em Europe in their ominous to accompBally Wm but TSVannp Tfwlv and _ agreed to maintain a defense line stretching from the Dutch seacoast to the Swiss mountains, responsible diplomatic sources said today. The sources said the strategy was planned against the possibility of a shooting war with Russia, The British foreign office and of- ficials of other alliance countries here declined to comment official- ly on the report. Under terms of the agreement, details of which are still' to be worked out, each of the five coun- tries would maintain mobile, on- the-ready military units that would move to the defense line in event of attack. While drafting defense plans, the I alliance also has been arranging a The government commander in With America and Canada in northwest China, Chang was one of General Marshall's committee of three which tried to reach a settle- ment in the civil war shortly after Japan's surrender. He has been an outspoken proponent of immediate peace. Informants said he had asked two other prominent peace advocates, former Premier Chang Chun and cluded in the agreement, the de- fense line probably would embrace a network of airbases outside con- tinental Europe. France, Italy and the other nations of western Europe have not suc- cumbed to dicta- torships of the Right or of the Left. The Kremlin has not achieved its expected tri- both refused for the time being. One top adviser said It was agreed at last night's conferences to send delegates to meet the reds. Shanghai Quiet umphs. Since all these developments umphs. Since ail tnese aeveiopmenisi Chiang himself was resting at his would have been inevitable with-! ancestral home in Fenghws, 210 out interim aid and Marshall aid, miles southeast of Nanking. the program may be considered to have paid for itself already as a form of political fire insurance. This crucially important fact must now be emphasized because any ob- server who studies the slow process of European recovery must doubt whether the Marshall plan can ob- tain its full objective of putting Europe on a self-sustaining basis by 1952. The doubt is underlined by the recent report of the Organi- zation for European Economic Co- operation, the central commission He left a farewell statement which was so ambiguous that those he left behind could not figure out Its meaning. Chinese sources said ths original version made no mention of "re- tirement" or but left the door open for his return should events prove favorable. Chang Chun then got Chiang on the telephone, and the statement was changed at the generalissimo's suggestion so that In the official English translation is read like this: Communists Picket Scandinavian Alliance Copenhagen Communists picketed today the opening ence on a Scandinavian defense al- liance. Twenty-three young communists paraded before Christlandborg cas- tle, where government leaders of Sweden, Norway and Denmark met. Nanking and Shanghai were quiet They carried posters with such slo- without any indication that Chiang gans as "No Scandinavian War Kai-shek's departure would produce Bloc'; for our any violent reaction. Freedom With Dollars. Police watched but did not inter- top-ranking politi- TOP Mumpui of all the Marshall aid "the hope that, hostilities showing a three billion dollar deficit I may brought to an end and the In the European balance of PW-1 people's suffering relieved, I have onrl rif f.rlP TirPfiPnt _i._u_j ments at the end of the present program. flculty is a psychological situation which can hardly be avoided. The process of restoring any national decided to The statement then said that Vice-President LI would exercise the THE FIRST REASON for the dif- powers of the president in accor- dance with China's constitution. "My earnest his state- ment added, "will have been an- Water, Ice And Mud go 100 feet into the air as U. S. Army engineers use a truckload of dynamite to blast ice Jam on the Missouri river near Leavenworth, Kan. (AP. Wlrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Campaign Pledges Not Scraps Of Paper, Truman Tells Party By Ernest B. Vaccaro uy jsrnesi o. vaccaru Inauguration festivities behind him, President Truman shed his party clothes today with a promise to work at pushing the Democratic platform through Congress. Still brisk and smiling, Mr. Truman went home at last night for his first lull night s sleep to days, after telling party followers his list ol campaign pledges "was not a scrap of paper.' Temperature Rising Sunday, Then Falling Albert Lea Cagers Hot But It Was Outside By Adolph Brewer The mercury shivered to a new season low here last night; It will be warmer tomorrow, but another cold wave Is on the heels of that warmer weather. That is the story of the weather here, In brief. The official low reading here over- night was 11 below, three degrees colder than the previous mark. By noon the mercury had inched back zero. For the weekend, the Weather bu- reau makes this prediction: "Increasing cloudiness; rather cold tonight, low zero in the city; mostly cloudy Sunday, snow indi- cated for Sunday afternoon; not so cold, high 15 above." New Cold Wave Beyond that "not so cold" Sunday the weather man sees a new cold wave. Southern Minnesota and Western Wisconsin generally had Its worst night of the year last night. Over in Albert Lea the high school basketball team was hot, but outside the mer- cury sank to 16 below, a record for the season. New Ulm reported 21 below, Willmar 31 below, St. Cloud 24 below, the Twin Cities 18 below. International Falls 28 below, Roch- ester 16 below and Duluth 12 below. Over In Wisconsin these sub-zero readings were reported: La Crosse, 12; Stevens Point, 15; Madison, Su- perior, Wausau and Beloit, 12; Clin- tonville, eight; Lono Rock, 19, and process UI aiij unuwmw auucu, will nave uccju ttii- economy after so great a if the Communist stairs living quarters. They suffO' cated. Village Supervisor Frank Bieh said the father, Dumitru Slmones cue, 57, had served a Jail term and xhe East got a TOUCH