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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1954, Winona, Minnesota 15 to 20 Below Tonight; High Friday 12 Above Buy A Winter Carnival Snowman NINETY-EIGHTH YEAR, NO. 51 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY EVENING, JANUARY 21, 1954 TWENTY PAGES mits r Winter Carnival Program Today 7 Hotel, instruction meeting for queer candidates. Friday 5 Winona, preliminary judging of queen contestants. Oaks, Queen Coronation Dinner (open t John Clayton, master of ceremonies. 9 p.m. to 1 Queen Coronation Ball, music by Johnny Roberts and His Orchestra. 11 Winona. reception for Miss Snow Flake o: 1954 and her two attendants and all queen candidates. Saturday Winona, luncheon for Miss Snow Flake, at- tendants and all queen candidates. 2 annual Winter Carnival parade of floats musical and comic units through downtown busi- ness district. Club, dinner for local and visiting Royalty, all queen candidates and visiting band and drum corps. High School auditorium, Winona area baton twirling contest. 8 High School auditorium, annual Winter Carnival stage show, featuring Billy Farrell, Chicago, master of ceremonies; Eileen Parker, singing star of Don McNeil's Breakfast Club; the Gold Dust Twins; John Shirley, puppeteer, and Winpna's own in a sparkling new routine. Sunday services. Winona, luncheon for Miss Snow Flake, at- tendants and all queen candidates. 2 annual Ice Follies on Gene Gabrych Park rink featuring Winona skaters, Rochester Figure Skating Club acts and Mary Jo Grulkowski. 16 Queen Candidates Meeting Tonight as First Carnival Event OCEAN THUNDERBOLT First Atomic Sub Launched Military Budget Down Billions For Next Year Reduction Permitted By Emphasis On Air Power By ROBERT EGGLESON Republican-Herald Staff Writer The stage is set for the opening of Winona's 1954 Winter Carnival, the 18th annual event sponsored by the Winona Activity Group. Icy northern blasts have brought the thermometer to winter levels after an unusually mild season and Wednesday 01' Man Winter dumped 3 inches of fresh white snow on the city that had faced the prospect of a snow-less Winter Carnival. Today the Mississippi River is officially frozen over at Winona (the latest date in the 98-year ordsj, signaling the final step in the unofficial preparations. Tonight at 7 o'clock, the 16 can- didates for the title of "Miss Snow Flake" will meet at the Williams Hotel for preliminary instructions and photographs, One of the candidates, ranging in age from 18 to 22, will succeed Miss Jeanne Reince as Miss Snow Flake to reign over the Carnival Friday through Sunday with Jack 109 Feared Dead, Hurt in Pakistan Mamie Eisenhower wielded a mighty bottle of champagne as she christened the atomic submarine "Nautilus" in Groton, Conn., today. Behind her is Commander Edward L. Beach, naval aide to the President. (UP Telephoto) GROTON, Conn. atomic submarine Nautilus was launched successfully today at a.m. (CST) with Mrs. Dwight D, Eisen- hower christening the world's first nuclear engined submersible, A fog had lifted and the By ELTON C. FAY WASHINGTON Wl President Eisenhower recommended today a military outlay for the next fiscal year, with a shift in emphasis from foot soldiery to a "full exploitation of air power and modern weapons." The spending budget he proposed to Congress for the Defense De- partment is about four billion dol- lars less than that estimated for the current year, which ends June 30. Eisenhower said the budget is based on a "new concept lor our national security program." A substantial part of the sav- ings obviously would come in man- power, particularly Army man- power. The budget figures reflect an over-all reduction of about S.7 per cent in manpower for all the armed forces. Army personnel would be reduced by 17.3 per cent, and three divisions would be dropped from" the present 20. More Air Power Against 'the cutback in strength of the Army, in which Eisenhower was a five-star general, there was the President's emphatic advocacy of greater power in the air. He said the Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps now have, among them, about planes. During the next three years, he said, this will be increased to neyed up from Washington over- 000, more than half of them jets. President Eisenhower, ex- hibiting the traditional Eisen- hower grin, marked the end of his first year as Chief Execu- tive at a reception in the White House, As a surprise first an- niversary gift the President's Cabinet presented him with a foot-high crystal cup engraved with the highlights of his life. night. The President remained in the capital. To join the Navy on so historic an occasion were high representa- tives of the other armed forces, Congress members and state offi- cials. shone brightly as the sleek vessel j also was a crowd of ways into the 12j0m workmen KARACHI, Pakistan The 60- mile-an-hour Pakistan Mail pas- a pe- ants the queen in a similar capacity as Jack Frost's Frosties, Dr. W. 0. Finkelnburg and Ted Maier. Judging on Friday Friday at 5 p.m., the queen can- didates will meet the three judges at Hotel Winona for preliminary judging. The three out-of-town judges are Miss Mitzi Dexter, Min- neapolis, a model who formerly miles north of Karachi early to- day. Officials feared the dead and injured might exceed 100. A number of foreigners, includ- slid down the Thames river. As Mrs. Eisenhower moved for- ward on the gaily decorated launching platform to christen the vessel, a masculine voice called cut: "Hit it hard." AEC Chairman Lewis L. Strauss said during the launching ceremo- nies the craft symbolized both the "atomic thunderbolts" of defense and of a peaceful boon of nuclear power. The Navy's Twenty-two per cent of defense ex- penditures in the new fiscal year would go to airplane procurement. The 1955 fiscal year program, the President wrote, "calls for im- proving combat effectiveness by the application of new weapons and new techniques, including full realization of our nuclear capabil- wti >VAM of the Electric Boat Division and provides for the rapid Corn who' 3nd orde-'-y phasing of programs hmari'np Ito improve continental defense General Dynamics built the hull of the submarine. For a ship unprecedented in de- sign, the Nautilus was built with amazing speed. Her keel was laid by former President Truman June 14, 1952. At about the same time the West- inghouse Corp., working under contract of the Atomic Energy Commission, began construction against possible enemy attack." As outlined by a Defense De- of "new power." Strauss, policy Manpower for the armed serv- about will be by next June 30 and at the end of June 1955. strength IVi mil- lions; by next June 30 it will be at the end of next fiscal vistas of America sea I an atomic furnace using the ur-! year By mid-1955 the or- element U235 as ganizational strength will be down head of the Atomic' top commander, (out on an Idaho desert of a land- Adm. Robert B. Carney, saw the based model atomic power plant, historic occasion as an unfolding That power around partment the esman, here is the for Billion Savings Permitted by Shift In Defense Plans No Chance of Getting Out of Red in New Year, President Tells Congress By FRANK O'BRIEN WASHINGTON (JP) President Eisenhower laid a budget before Congress today. He said a "new concept" of reliance upon air power and new weapons justifies a spending slash, most- ly from national security outlays. Despite the per cent spending cut under esti- mated outlays for this chief exe- cutive told Congress the government would wind up the next fiscal year nearly three bil- lion dollars in the red. Eisenhower cautioned against further general tax cuts, although he proposed a broad program of tax law changes. The budget for fiscal 1955, be- ginning next July 1, was the first prepared by a Republican admin- istration in 21 years. Throughout the massive docu- ment, Eisenhower, who has spent most of his life in the Army, em- phasized that his administration has made air power its chosen instrument of free world defense, with other services paying lesser ginning next July 1 will relate to wen a oae w n overturned their small landing craft. inai uuiicy. i T, ___ _ ____, roles. Congress members generally ap- plauded Eisenhower's budget cut- ting but some hoisted storm sig- nals over his proposals for high foreign aid spending and hiking the national debt limit. Some Democrats sniped at the President's failure to achieve a budget balance, but there was widespread acceptance of his pro- posed cutback in armed services spending with increased reliance on air power and new weapons. General appraisals ranged widely. A masterpiece of statesman- said House Speaker Joseph W. Martin "As phony as a wooden nut- said Rep. Cannon senior minority member of the House Appropriations Committee. Sen. Byrd (D-Va) said Eisen- hower's proposal for an increase By JIM BECKER in the 275-billion-dollar debt limit INCHON, Korea MV-Twenty-four U. S. Marines drowned today is going to face a fight on the a troopship loaded with Chinese war prisoners rammed and j basis of the President's own fig. ures, which showed that the debt would stand at 273 billion on July This Chart Shows where the money for the budget dollar comes from and where it will go in the billion-dollar budget President Eisenhower placed before Congress today. (AP Wirephoto) 24 Marines Drown; ROW Troopship Rams Craft Energy Commission, said this launching transcends all those that have gone before because "the Nautilus is something new under the sun." He noted that for Rear Adm. Hy- man G. Rickover this must be an occasion of "supreme gratifica- tion." Rickover has headed the nuclear submarine project since it began. He was saved from com- pulsory retirement and was ad- Americans and Britons, were j vanced to his present rank when aboard the passenger train. But j Secretary of the Navy Robert B. damage appeared largely restrict-1 Anderson intervened. MILITARY the launching time ar-jEau Claire Industry Moving to Mississippi velops steam for operation of a i (Continued on Page 2, Column I) turbine. A copy of the power plant i was constructed for the Nautilus I herself. When rived today, much of the nucie power plant was aboard or at hand for installation during the next five or six months as final work is completed on the submarine. The Nautilus, besides being the biggest and most intricate sub- marine ever built, also is the cost- liest. The Navy and the AEC will nstaatrf 50mion dollars on the boat and her ma- ed to lower class coaches just be- 1 party.' michinery bv the time her commis- n Wnlto Wmlco TAUT- hind the engine, starred in the Dorothy Lewis ice Two of the fi t h show; Frank Bellizzi, general sales rep0rted .'completeiy burned anTH.aud i and_the engines of both man, general manager of a Ro- chester insurance firm. At p.m. the queen corona- tion dinner will be held at the Oaks with John Clayton of Eau Claire, former Station KWNO an- nouncer, as master of ceremon- ies. The dinner, which is open lo the public, will feature the of- badly damaged. The Pakistan Mail, driven by an American diesel engine, is the fastest passenger train operated by the Northwestern Railways. The crash occurred near Jhampir. The crash occurred in an iso- lated part of the Sind Desert, A Pakistani pilot who flew over the scene said the injured were lying near the wreckage. Their plight I was made difficult by lack of food ficial coronation of Miss Snow Flake by Jack Frost. The royal ball is scheduled for and water. The dining car on the 9 p.m. at the Armory with music train was smashed and water by Johnny Roberts and His Or- tanks destroyed. chestra. The dance will continue I There are no roads near the until 1 a.m. but Miss Snow Flake, wreck and motor vehicles carry. her attendants and all queen can- didates-will 20 to Hotel Winona at ing relief supplies had a difficult time approaching the scene. 11 p.m. for a reception. Winter Carnival activities will prrik0 swing into high gear Saturday be- '3115 TO ginning with a noon luncheon for the queen, attendants and other candidates at Hotel Winona. Parade on Saturday Then, at 2 o'clock, Winona's roy- alty will ride in the parade through the business district that will in- clude eight floats, five drum corps, six bands, Twin Cities royalty and city and state officials. One of the (Continued on Page QUEENS TO Shakedown Evidence WASHINGTON spokesman says a State Department investi- gation has produced no evidence to support a charge by Sen Mc- Carthy that a department employe shook down a foreign gov- ernment for McCarthy' said the incident oc- la White House special train, jour-j sioning da-te roUs aroujlcL EAU CLAIRE Phillips, president Lewis E. of National Presto Industries, Inc., said today that the entire civilian production of the electric appliance and out- board motor firm will be moved to Mississippi in the spring. It was the third costliest naval disaster of the Korean theater. The Navy said 28 men were rescued from the chill waters of In- chon harbor minutes after the collision between a big Formosa- bound LST (landing ship, tank) and an LCM (landing craft, me- The men, brought here from the 3rd Marine Division in Japan as guards for the Chinese, were com- bat-loaded with heavy boots, Suspect Denies involvement in MADISON 25-year-old for- mer Madison man arrested Wed- packs, helmets, rifles and winter j tions. uniforms. They sank quickly in the icy, choppy waters of Inchon's outer harbor after the big LST rammed their smaller LCM, rolled it on its side, and hurled overboard the 48 Marines aboard and the boat's crew of four. 1, 1955. Eisenhower said his tax program, would result in about 600 million dollars tax relief each for indi- viduals and for businesses, in addi- tion to the changes that took ef- fect Jan. 1: A 10 per cent cut in personal tax rates and abolition of the excess profits tax oa corpora- Phillips said that the two local 1953. plants, now employing about Dane County sheriff's office au- persons, will turn to production of j thorities said they were holding the nesday and held _in Dane County j Kescue boats reacmng the scene Jail for questioning denied later rescued 24 strug- connection with the strange dis-1 Marines and the crew Of two Jlvelln American soldiers and two Koreans. By dusk, only five bodies had appearance o: i Hartley of La Crosse Oct. 24, No Cuts Justified But he added: "I do not believe the budgetary situation justifies any tax reduc- tions beyond those involved in the proposed tax revision and in the tax changes which occurred on In the national security section of the message, Eisenhower de- clared: "This budget is based on a new concept for planning and financing been recovered and the search for lour national security program. munitions for the government. curred during the secretaryship of _, _ 3, Column 6) Dean Acheson, a long-time target! The Atomic-Powered submarine Nautilus onds after Mrs, Mamie Eiscihower broke a bot- MEET i of McCarthy criticism. glides smoothly into the Thames River just sec- tie of champagne over its bow. (UP Telephoto) man without charge until La Crosse police arrive to question him. Undersheriff Yemen G. Leslie said he didn't think the man had anything to do with the case. Dane County police said the man willingiy accompanied officers when he was picked up at a bus terminal. They said, however, that he denied involvement in the case and informed them he was working on a farm 100 miles from La Crosse at the time Miss Hartley disappeared, He was arrested as he left a bus at Madison after police said they received an anonymous telephone call saying the man would be aboard a bus from Milwaukee. The possible suspect had reportedly ?one to Milwaukee to take his pre- induction physical examination. The Hartley girl's whereabouts lave been unknown since she dis- appeared from the Viggo Rasmusen lome at La Crcsse where she was jaby sitting. Dist. Atty. John Boss- lard of La Crosse said there was a struggle in her apparant abduc- ion and she has been the object of a nation-wide search since that night. A brother of the man being held who also tipped police, told author- 19 other missing Marines was i called off. The accident occurred when the Our military planning in previous years has been based on several successive assumed fixed dates of i LCM" crossed the big j maximum danger. This budget LST loaded with Chinese IIS aimed instead at providing a prisoners returned to the U. N. command by Indian custodian troops yesterday. The LST was re- ported manned by a Japanese and crew. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and continued cold tonight. Friday part- ly cloudy and not quite so cold. Low tonight 15 to 20 below in city, near 25 below in country. High Friday afternoon 12 above. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 13; minimum, noon, precipitation, Winch snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Central Observations) Max. temp, ten above at a.m. Wednesday. Low, 21 degrees below at a.m. today. Noon ties his suspicions were aroused I five below, visibil vhen he learned La Crosse author-1 ity 15 miles, wind from the west at ties were checking on him because I three miles per hour, barometer military position which can be maintained over the extended period of uneasy peace. "It points toward the creation, maintenance and full exploitation of modern air power. Our military planners and those of the other na- tions of the free world agree as to the importance of air power. "We expect to continue to im- prove the combat effectiveness of (Continued on Page 14, Column 2) BUDGET Truck Carrying TNT Overturns CLEVELAND, Tenn. truck carrying pounds of f an anonymous letter they eivedt re- j steady at 30.72 and humidity 58 per cent. overturned on a rain-slick high- way near here today, but a de- molition crew safely transferred it to another vehicle. No one was injured in the mishap and there was no explosion A spokesman for Robinson Freight Lines of Knoxvflle said ?'ere Picked "P n i, hauled to Memphis n" Lines the run to ru the Holston ordnance work< Kingsport, Tenn. s ;