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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1953, Winona, Minnesota Rain or Snow Tonight, Little Temperature Change Buy A Winter Carnival Button VOLUME 52, NO. 285 SIX CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, WEDNESDAY EVENING, JANUARY 21. 1953 EIGHTEEN PAOIS s to Attending One of the receptions in Washington Tuesday night were, left to right, former Minnesota governor, Harold Stassen, and Sen. and Mrs. Edward Thye of Minnesota. (AP Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald) ________________ Weaker of Brodie Twins Succumbs CHICAGO Tiny Roger Lee Brodie, Siamese twin who for 34 days amazed the medical world by surviving a head-to-head surgical separation, died last night. The 16-month-old boy had been TODAY Terrific Challenge Before Ike ly JOSEPH and STEWART ALSOP WASHINGTON old inau- guration ceremony, despite, all the ballyhoo the most moving ceremony in American public life, is over. Now everything, quite literally ev- erything, depends on the way Pres- ident Dwight D. Eisenhower meets the tremendous challenge which confronts him. The first thing the new Presi- dent must do, if he is to meet this challenge successfully, is to estab- lish his political leadership of the Republican party. It should have been easy, after Eisenhower's great personal triumph at the polls. Instead, poor political ad- vice has made the task of assert- ing the President's authority ex- tremely difficult. But it must be doae. The second thing the new Presi- dent must do is to establish his ideological leadership over the Re- publican party. The Republican chieftains in Congress are still talking as if Harry S. Truman were President. They dp not seem to think Eisenhower still has any of the ideas and world views which woo him the nomination. They must be converted from their own negative program to a positive Eis- enhower program. Needs Smooth' Change The third thing the new President must do is to organize a smooth transition between administrations, in a time of grave danger abroad. Even within Eisenhower's own team there has been wide dis- agreement about how this transi- tion should be accomplished about how sharp the break with the past could safely be. The dis- pute is not over yet, which is one reason why the real nature of the Eisenhower program remains un- clear, even after the inaugural. As reported earlier in this space, this fundamental disagreement within -the Eisenhower first team first showed up on the way back from Korea, aboard the Helena. The extremely able new Secre- -tary of the Treasury, George Hum- phrey, insisted at that time that first priority be given to balancing the budget and lowering taxes. As to foreign policy, foreign aid and defense, he said, those sub- jects were all adequately covered by the Sawyer report denouncing foreign aid as wasteful. (This was the public avowal of his well- known cryptoisolationism which was retiring Secretary of Com- merce Charles Sawyer's final ges- ture of gratitude to President Tru- man.) Higher Priority Dulles on the other hand insist- ed that in the last analysis, sur- (Continued on Page 13, Column 7.) ALSOPS Troop Ship Docks SAN FRANCISCO UH trans- port Gen. J. C. Breekenridge arrives today from the Orient with Army, men, 92 Air Force men, 6 Navy personnel and 2 Marines. The transport Gen. E. T. Collins is due tomorrow from the Far East with Army men. in a Seep coma since the history- making operation Dec. 17. His brain circulation was.impaired and his condition had been listed as "very precarious" since the separ- ation from his brother, Rodney Dee. Attending physicians had ex- pressed amazement that he surviv- ed the 12-hour and 40-rainute oper- ation. The surgery on the twins, who were born joined at the top of their heads, was the first time in medv cal history the patients had sur- vived such an operation. Plastic Procedures Rodney, since the separation, has undergone two plastic procedures to put skin over his bcain.-He-has shown some signs he is on the road to recovery. However, he must undergo further, surgery and his condition still, is regarded as critical. "Roger's death was not an un- expected development by any said a spokesman at the Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital of the University of Illinois, The spokesman said attending physicians had-explained several times that Roger's chances of re- covering consciousness were "vir- tually nonexistent." Baby Girl Born On Milwaukee Bus MILWAUKEE IB-George Peter- son, a bus driver, found a penny on his way to work Tuesday and thought "This is my lucky day." He made a wish then, he said, !for a nice restful day with every- thing running smoothly and noth- ing much happening." Along about noon he was pilot- ing bus 893' near Cudahy when a woman passenger told him to hur- ry. Another passenger, Mrs. Mo- zelle Parrott, 30, had confided that all was not well and the stork was about to alight some weeks before it was expected. Peterson swung 899 off course to the fire station and a passenger rushed in to shout: "A baby is be- ing born." Two fire laddies dashed out to the bus but a 5 pound, 1 ounce girl already had arrived for Mrs. Parrott, the mother of five boys. Inaugural Day Truly Typical Of America President Breaks Precedent By Reciting Own Prayer By ED CREAGH WASHINGTON was a sym- bol and a clashing of cymbals It was an extravaganza and a prayer. It was part Mardi Gras, part Saturday night at the country club, part old-fashioned Fourth of July celebration, part a simple appeal for divine blessing.' It was a little bit of every thing that's husbandly peck on the cheek for Mamie Eis- enhower, a cowboy's lasso flipped around her soldier-President, a sassy display of bare-limbed high school cuties, a doleful chorus of "Auld Lang Syne" for a man go- ing home to Missouri. All this and much more that was Washington on "1-Day." The "I" stands for both "inau guration" and for "Ike." It had its solemn moments. Dwigbt Eisenhower saw to that. He broke precedent by opening his inaugural address with a prayer, one he'd composed himself in the silence of the awesome morning before his formal elevation to the highest office in the land. Then- Big Parade The Inaugural Parade. -Blaring bands, whooping Indians, prancing drum majorettes, glittering floats, West Point cadets and Annapolis midshipmen marching with ma- chine precision. elephants, a dog team from Alaska, an atomic cannon, a George Washington, an. Abe Ian. it and chances are you could find it in the confetti-show- ered parade-that filed Tip Pennsyl- vania presi- dent of the United States at its head. Eisenhower rode from the Capi- tol, scene of his .inauguration, to the White House in a gleaming white open car; His wife rode at his side. That, too, was a break with presidents have had their vice presidents alongside them, with the women bringing up the rear. Mamie Eisenhower had the time of her life. She spotted in a hotel room win- dow a single spectator, feet on win- dowsill, a bottle tilted to his lips. Laughing, she tugged at the coat- tails of her standing, waving hus- band. But he roared with laughter when, after he was seated in the presidential reviewing stand, six pretty girls rolled past in Mis- souri's' "Gateway to the West" fur coats. "Mink The cry went up from the cor- ruption scandals attributed to the administration which had passed into history a few hours before. What of the man who headed that administration? Harry Truman and Bess started on their way home to Independ- ence, Mo. And a crowd of several thou- sand gave them a rousing.send-off for a half-hour before their train pulled out of Union Station. "For he's a jolly good the well-wishers sang, as well .as "Auld Lang Syne" when the train Degan to move with the ex-Presi- dent and the former first lady waving from the rear platform of their borrowed White House pri- vate car. Rumbled past the presidential reviewing stand in.Wash- ington to give the new chief executive, Dwight D. Eisenhower, a re- minder of his Army days. Ike stands in front-of pillar, just under gun tank. To the right, also standing, is Vice President Richard Nixon. Tanks took part in inaugural parade. (AP Wirephoto) With Smiles And A Wave former President Harry Truman and his successor, President Dwight Eisenhower, left the White House in an open car on their way to the Capiiol for inaugu- Allies Shoot Down 7 MIG's, Damage 3 More By GEORGE MCARTHUR SEOUL Sabre jet'pi- lots shot down seven Communist MIG jet fighters and damaged three others in battles high over Northwest Korea today, the U.S. Fifth Air Force said. Two U. S. .jet aces, Col. Royal N. Baker, MeKinney, Tex., and Maj. Robinson Risner, Oklahoma City, each Was credited with his "J, 5. -any, will be an- nounced in a week-end summary. Today's bag was one of the big- gest in several months. U. S. pilots destroyed eight. MIGs last Wed- the most in one day since September. Frozen Front On the ground Allied troops .hurled back sharp Communist at- tacks on the frozen Eastern Front while the Peiping radio boasted.of an unconquerable defense line of tunnels across the Korean Penin- sula, The broadcast' asserted thou- sands of Red soldiers, working un derground by lamplight day and night, carved out the tunnel net- work which "already proved itself an impregnable defense line never before seen in the history of war." Thirteen Japan-based B-29 Super- forts slammed 130 tons of bombs on a Communist troop and supply center near Hamming, 6 miles north of Wonsan on the Korean East Coast last night. Crewmen said the area was ripped by explo- sions, probably from ammunition stockpiles. Ice-Choked River North Korean troops forded the ice-choked Nam River last night and early today and jabbed at three Allied positions near Kan- song on the Eastern Front. The heaviest Red assault, by about 70 men, was driven off after 40 minutes of rifle and machine-gun exchanges in near-zero tempera- tures. Allied artillery and mor- tar fire hammered the Red units. The Air Force said twin-engine B-26 bombers bombed Red front- line positions and blasted Commu- nist rail facilities near Sariwon. Pi- lots reported 41 Red bunkers blown up or damaged by noon, and 95 Red trucks destroyed last night. 400 Farmers Flee East German Zone BERLIN hundred East German farmers fled Tuesday night to West Berlin and told ref- ugee officials today the Communist plan for a "death zone" around the city is nearing reality. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECAST Winona and with jght rain or snow beginning late ;onight and continuing at intervals during Thursday. No important change in temperature. Low to- night 26, high Thursday 33. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 lours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 31; 22; noon, 34; precipitation, none; sun sets tonight at sun rises to- morrow at AIRPORT WEATHER (No. Ceil. Observations) Max. temp. 32 at noon, min. 26' at noon Tuesday. Noon clouds .overcast at feet, visi- bility. 6 mQes with'.haze, wind 8 nfles per "hour from southeast, humidity 89' per cent, barometer 29.90, steady. Ike Begins Work Day At a.m. WASHINGTON Wl President Eisenhower started his first work- ing day in the White House by receiving his -Attorney General- designate, Herbert Brownell Jr., who called to talk "official busi- ness." Dawn had just broken when a sleepy-eyed Brownell showed up at Eisenhower's White House office. The time was six hours after the new President got home from Tuesday's inaugural festivities, t'e'-r s he "couldn't .was the Congressional controversy over Eisenhower's choice for Defense Secretary, Charles E. Wilson, that prompted the.visit.- His was thefirst-official-appoint- jnent of the day and of the new chief executive's administration. Brownell carried a brief case, declined to discuss the move by Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) which prevented the President from carrying out a planned mass swear- ing-in of his new Cabinet Tuesday. Wilson, who resigned as presi- dent of General Motors to take the top defense job, has declined to sell his 2% million dollars worth of GM stock because it would mean a heavy financial loss under present tax laws. General Motors is the biggest defense contractor the gov- ernment has. 13 Communists Found Guilty ByN.Y.Jury NEW YORK OB A Federal Court jury today found all 13 Com- munist leaders guilty of conspir- acy. The jury of six men and six women reached a verdict after re- ceiving the case last Thursday. The trial lasted eight and one-half months. All of the Communist leaders were charged with conspiring to teach and advocate the overthrow of the U. S. government. The jury foreman. Miss Lucille Collette, a music teacher, announc- ed the verdict after 48 hours of deliberations in. a clear, firm voice: 'We find, the defendants guilty as They could receive- maximum sentences of five years in prison and fines of The defendants, all from the New York area and all second-string leaders of the Communist party, are.' Alexander Bittelman, 61; George Blake Charney, 46: .Elizabeth Gur- ley Flynn, 605; Betty Gennett, 44; Victor Jeremy- Jerome, 54; Arnold Samuel Johnson, 46; Claudia Jones, 36; Alexander Leo Louis Weinstock, 48; William Wolf-Weinstone, 53; Pettis Perry, 54; Jacob Mindely 71; Albert Francis -Lamum, 43. W.lley Held Bibles For Inaugural Oath WASHINGTON WV-The millions who have looked at of President Eisenhower taking the oath of office, looked straight into the face of Harold B. Wflley. Willey is the clerk of the Su- preme Court. He held the Bibles which Eisenhower rested his liand as Chief Justice Vinson ad- ministered the presidential oath. _ Name Wilson Senate Hearings To Be Held Friday WASHINGTON White House today that President Eisenhower still intends to name Charles E. Wilson to the post of Secretary of Defense. But the nomination will not be submitted to the Senate today, James C Hagerty, Eisenhower's press chief, told a conference. Beyond that, however, Hagertf sidestepped reporters' question! about Eisenhower's intentions re- garding the controversial Wilson appointment. Hagerty said he knows of no change in the President's decision to appoint the former General Mo- tors president to the cabinet. Wilson's prospective appointment had been challenged by some Re- publicans and Democrats who quot- ed laws saying that no Federal official on a contract-making level may hold a financial interest in company which awns defense contracts. Biggest Contractor General Motors is the nation's biggest defense contractor. Some senators have said Wilson should divest himself of million dol- lars worth of G. M. stock before taking any Cabinet post. Hagerty refused to discuss EU- enhower's early-morning 75-minuta conference with Herbert Jr. his Attorney General-designate though reporters assumed the talk was about Wilson. The Senate.Armed Services Com- mittee, which has been studying the prospective Wilson appoint- ment, has put off hearings on the matter until Friday, Originally it had been scheduled to take up th> case again today. The eight other Eisenhower Cab- inet members, hurriedly nominated officially after his inauguration yes- terday, apparently in line for Senate confirmation today. That would let them move into their jobs. But Chairman Saltonstall (R- Mass) told a reporter lie was de- laying until Friday an armed serv- ices committee hearing for Wilson. ration ceremonies Tuesday. In the car with them was Sen. Styles Bridges (front) of New Hampshire and House Speaker Joe Martin. (AP Wirephoto) Drew Pearson Sues Westbrook Pegler WASHINGTON (Si Columnist Westbrook Pegler responded cheer- fully yesterday when a man greeted him as he sat in the press section at the presidential inaugural cere- Then his greeter, Special Process Server Hugh Duffy, handed the newspaperman a two-year-old sum- mons and a copy of a complaint in a assault-libel-conspir- acy suit. The suit was filed by columnist Drew Pearson against Pegler, Sen. McCarthy the Washington Times-Herald, radio commentator Fulton Lewis Jr., and others, al- leging that they tried to drive him out of business. Saw Russians Down 829, Say Jap Fishermen TOKYO fishermen just released from Soviet captivity said today they saw Russian fight- er planes and ground guns shoot down a U.S. B-29 Superfort last Oct. 7 off Northern Japan. One fisherman said he saw two Russian fighter planes chase the B-29, heard gunfire and then: "Black smoke-started to stream from the American plane and it crashed into the sea at a tremen- dous speed." Craft The fishermen gave their ac- counts to Japanese reporters at Nemuro on the Northern island of Hokkaido. Three fishing craft with 23 crewmen were released after six months of hard labor on the Russian-held island of Yuri near Hokkaido. They had been seized for allegedly poaching in Russian waters. V The accounts they gave varied in some detail but most said they saw two Soviet fighters chase a while they were fishing under Soviet, orders. The fishermen said Soviet sol- diers immediately ordered the fishing boats back to Yuri, where they were put under confinement. They made no men- tion of sighting any parachutes from the B-29. The U. S. government hotly pro- tested the incident to Russia, de- manded compensation for the 'wanton and unjustifiable attack" and warned of possible .grave con- sequences from the "reckless prac- BULLETIN WASHINGTON OB Chair- man Saltonstall (R-Mass} the Senate Armed Serv- ices Committee will deity action on the designation of Charles E. Wilson as Secre- tary of Defense until Presi- dent Eisenhower formally sub- mits a nomination. No Appeasing Stand Accorded Wide Support By JACK BELL WASHINGTON President Eisenhower's no-appeasement for- eign policy creed wide-spread support commanded today in a Congress marking time for'an ear- ly blueprint of his domestic pro- gram. As the din of a three-day'inau- gural celebration died away, the 34th President faced the task of putting into a State of the Union message his ideas for carrying on the "Great Crusade" he pledged before his landslide vote victory last November. No date for deliv- ery of the message has been an- nounced. Eisenhower's inaugural address yesterday' was a broadly stated outline of his foreign policy creed. He left- for later messages the de tails ..of- his international and do- mestic programs. Thus Congress and the nation had to wait a bit longer to see just how great a change in executive thinking was eatailed 'by the shift, after 20 years, from Democratic to Republican control of the White House. Without a Cabinet Because of a row over one pro- posed appointment and the objec< tions of Sen, Morse (ind-Ore) to quick Senate action yesterday on nine nominations, Eisenhower started his first full day in office without a Cabinet. That could be changed by likely Senate votes to- day on eight Cabinet jobs. There was little but delay in sight, however, for Charles E. Wil- son, whose prospective nomination for secretary of defense has been challenged because of his General Motors holdings. A new hearing for Wilson, originally set for today, was postponed until Friday. Except for the Cabinet appoint? ments, there was no business be- fore the Senate today, and the House was. Eisenhower apparently could count on much two-party backing in Congress for his foreignS pro- gram, as.he outlined it broadly in his 20-minute inaugural address yesterday. Standing bareheaded in the win- ter sunshine on a stand in front of- the Capitol, the told the world that great as are the problems at home, America's over- riding concern is to make certain 'that the future shall belong to-the free." Reaffirming his campaign stand for co-operation with other free na- tions, he said that "no free people can long cling to any privilege or enjoy any safety, in economic soli- tude." Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower and Mrs. Harry Truman rode in an open car to the capital for inauguration ceremonies making Dwight Eisenhower the 34th President of the United States. (AP Wirephoto) Nantes Submitted WASHINGTON Eisenhower sent the nomina- tlons of two more high-ranking members of hit administra- tion to the Senate for con- firmation today. They are former Sen. Henry Cabot Lodge Jr., at U. S. representative to the United Nations, and Harold E. Stassen as director for Mutual Secur- ity. Previously scheduled for today, the session would have given Wilson an opportunity to alter his pre- yious testimony. There were he would do so. Wilson's name was omitted when President Eisenhower sent to the Senate yesterday a list of eight Cabinet and one sub-Cabinet pointees which Republicans had hoped would get 'immediate ap- proval Blocked by Morse Sen. Morse' who blocked the confirmation move with an objection, said he ready today on the nomi- nees. Barring unexpected lengthy talk, they might "all be' confirmed by was able to block action yesterday because the situation required suspension of Senate rules which say nomina- tions shall not be acted upon the day they are submitted. This re- quired unanimous agreement and Morse wouldn't agree. Saltonstall. said he had decided to postpone the armed services committee hearing on Wilson be- cause (1) the proposed defense secretary bad not been formally nominated and (2) Herbert ell--Jr., incoming attorney.general, had' not had time because of the inaugural ceremonies to complete his study of the situation. Wilson's proposed nomination hdf-jieen challenged by an increas- ing number of senators because a. federal law bars any U. S. official from dealing witfi a firm in which he holds even an indirect financial interest. He said he would not give up 2V4 million dollars worth of General. Motors stock. Wilson formerly was president of G.M., the Defense' Department's largest private contractor. Saltonstall said he did not know the significance of Failure to include Wilson among those formally nominated yester- day. Presidential Press Secretary James C. Hagerty .said the name was omitted because the Senate; committee was still studying' this matter. This took on something ce lie look of a vicious circle, for the Senate group had undertaken the" inquiry last week because, of the new President's expressed desire that (all of his Cabinet choices be confirmed on inauguration day; formally, hearings are not held until after formal nomination. Saltonstall said- he can't be car? (Continued en Page 9, Column ..IK SINATR i ;