Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1952, Winona, Minnesota
Snow Tonight And Tuesday, Turning Colder VOLUME 51, NO. 284 Read 'Hollywood' By Hedda Hopper Page 9 Today FIVE CENTS PER COPY WINONA, MINNESOTA, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 21, 1952 SIXTEEN PAGES. 5550 for Each Person Truman Submits 85 Billion Bu ives Defends Criticism of Taft Campaign Attacks on Ike Condemned By New York Senator WASHINGTON tffl Sen. Taft's assertion that Eisenhower-for- President s u p- porters are "cry- ing to high heav- en" against the methods of Taft's campaign man- ager brought a "rightfully so1' 1 retort from Sen fives (R-NY) to- day. Taft, an an- nounced candi- Irving Ives date for the Re- publican presidential nomination, said yesterday that those seeking the nomination for Gen. Eisen- hower have been contending he (Taft) couldn't win the election next November. The Ohio senator added he wasn't able to understand "why the Eisenhower people should cry to high heaven" because Taft's manager, David S. Ingalls, bad made the same argument against naming Eisenhower to head the GOP ticket. Says Chances Better "It's more than said Ives, an Eisenhower backer. "The Taft people are.trying to tear down Eisenhower by innuendo, and I think'tbe result has been to enhance the general's chances for the nomination." Taft said he will support Eisen- hower for the presidency if the general wins the nomination. Elsewhere on the political front: 1. Senator Douglas (D-Dl) said to a Delawere, 0., lecture yes- iterday he be- Ilieves profession- lal politicians in I the Republican g party want Eis- enhower as a candidate only if they feel he is the only one who could win the 1 election. And, he added, "if Eisenhower is ________nominated, I be- Gen. Eisenhowariieve he will be elected." As for Taft, Senator Douglas said he would like to have him made "a permanent non-voting member of the Senate." He said he believed all former presidents should become permanent non- voting members of the Senate, but he would give Taft this honor "provided he won't have to be President first" 2. Senator McMabon of Connec- ticut was faced with deciding to- day whether' to enter the April 8 Illinois Democratic presidential primary. The senator said Satur- day he was thinking about doing so, but he had no comment when asked whether President- Truman had requested him to file. Mid- night is the deadline for entering the Illinois race. Humphrey in Race Mr. Truman has declined to say whether he will seek another term. Last week, at the Presi- dent's request, Senator Humphrey (D-Minn) agreed to run in the March 18 Minnesota presidential as a "favorite son" candidate. Both McMabon and Humphrey are strong administration supporters.' Humphrey has said his state's delegation to the Democratic nominating convention in July will vote for Mr. Truman if he is a candidate. S. Mrs. Estes Kefauver said she and her senator husband have talked the matter over and she has "a feeling" he will bid for the Democratic presidential nomi- nation. Friends of the rangy Ten- nesseean, who headed the Senate crime investigating committee, have been predicting he will. Some of Kefauver's backers have indi- cated he might announce' this week. 4. Entry of Eisenhower's name in the Minnesota primary appeared likely.-.Bradshaw Mintener, chair- man of Minnesotans for Eisen- said in a statement last night a slate of delegates for.the general would be filed "if the press ent enthusiastic support and de- mand for his candidacy continue to develop." Filing of. the general's name would assure a contest between Eisenhower and Harold E. Stassen, former -Republican governor of Minnesota, who entered the pri- mary last week. Who's for You in ('Editor's note: This is the first of a series of background articles on the declared candi- dates for nomination to the Presidency.) Senator Robert A. Taft THE MAN Last October Sen. Robert A. Taft climbed into the presidential ring for the third time. After unsuccessful bouts for the Republican nomination in 1940 and 1948, he made it clear that this time he was in top condition and ready to take on all comers without pulling punches. Taft, who is the eldest son of the 27th President of the United States, was the first to put his name before the public in the 1952 contest for the Presidency. The 63-year-old Ohioan entered politics in 1917 when he was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives, of which he later was speaker. An attorney by profession, Taft topped his classes at Yale and at Harvard Law School, and received the high- est grade in passing his Ohio state bar exam. He was elected to the United States Senate in 1939, only one year before his first try at the Presidency. In 1947 he ob- tained much prominence in the Senate by becoming the Senate Republican leader. Since then he has been dubbed "Mr. Republican" as the leader of the Republican parry's conservative element. Throughout his career as a senator, Taft has leaned generally toward the conservative side of the fence with a few notable excep- tions. He has consistently opposed increasing the power of the federal government at the ex- pense-of local government, believing that the people have the sole right to solve the prob- lems close to them. He has favored a number of federal aid projects, but he has held that such grants should be made to and be administered by the state and local governments rather than by vast federal organizations. His more liberal views have been in the field of housing, health and education. The Taft-Bllender-Wagner bill, which never was passed, provided for federal aid for housing and slum he has consist- ently urged since the war. He also sponsored, jointly with other Con- gressmen, a bill to provide an- nually to the states for medical, surgical and hospital service, and another to provide to the states annually for the education of each, child in the country. San. Taft With Rep. Fred Hartley, Taft fathered one of the most controversial bills in recent times Taft-Hartley labor act of 1947. The bill, which was condemned as "anti- labor" by most unions and was used as a 1948 campaign issue by President Truman, who pledged he would repeal it, still is on the statute books and probably will remain there even if a Democrat is elected this year. Observers point out that the controversy has cooled off. The results show that, under the law, there have been fewer strikes and the unions have been able to demand and get higher pay and other benefits. Tho Campaign Issues When he opened his battle for the nomi- nation last October, Taft said the principle issues would be: "1. Progress within the principles of lib- erty versus New and Fair Deal socialism, "2. Integrity and honesty in government versus Fair Deal corruption, and "3. Firm resistance to Russian expansion within the safe limits of America's economic capacity versus the kind of State Department bungling that lost China to the Communists and led to Korea." Taft says that the steady increase of bu- reaucracy under the Truman Administration "is leading the American people straight down the road to British socialism." He be- lieves in cutting and trimming all govern- ment services that are not essential to prog- ress within the bounds of what the taxpay- ers can afford. According to Taft the present Administra- tion is "shot through with corruption and only a Republican Administration can restore proper moral tone to government." The foreign policy issue promises to be a not one before the convention. A common re- mark among a number of Republicans is "I like Taft's domestic policy all right, but I don't like his views on foreign policy." This argument has grown up chiefly from the Senate debates on the Marshall Plan and the European Recovery Program in which he attempted to cut the appropriations for for- eign aid, and on failing, voted-against the bills. From this has grown the fear, among those who favor the programs, that Taft would scuttle them should he be elected. This fear is not entirely borne out in Taft's recent book, "A Foreign Policy for Ameri- although the Senator makes it clear that there would be some changes. According to Taft the primary purpose of a foreign policy must be the protection of the liberty of the people of the United States. (Cont. on Page Six.) Man Ike's Entrance In State Primary Race Indicated MINNEAPOLIS least a two-way Republican contest in the Minnesota presidential primary March 18 was all but assured last night when supporters of General Eisenhower strongly indicated his name would be entered. In another weekend develop- ment, the state GOP chairman said the announcement by Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) that he will run as a favorite son candi- date in the primary "lets the Dem- ocratic cat out of the bag." Bradsbaw Mintener, chairman of Minnesotans for Eisenhower, said in a statement "a slate of delegates wfll be entered for Eis- enhower in the Minnesota primary if the present enthusiastic support and demand for his candidacy con- tinue to develop." Another part of the statement said flatly "a list of delegates (pledged to Eisenhower in the pri- mary) will be released at' a later date." Mintener also said "we are sure that this decision will be welcom- ed by the people of Minnesota. It is in response to a state-wide de- mand that the people be given an opportunity to vote directly for Eisenhower as President" Mintener, vice president and general counsel for Pillsbury Mills, Inc., said a "final" announcement concerning Eisenhower and the primary will be made before Feb. t, when a two-week period for fil- ing candidates names by petition opens. Consent of the candidates is not needed. P. Kenneth Peterson, chairman of the Republican State Central Committee, interpreted Hum- phrey's announcement this way: "It is apparent that they (Dem- ocrats) do not dare risk an ex- pression of rank and file party sentiment on the Truman adminis- tration which has brought our na- tional and international affairs to an all time New York Lake Takes 5 Lives ODESSA, N. Y. weekend ice skating and sledding party turned into tragedy when a 20- year-old college student and four children disappeared through a soft spot in the ice on Cayuga lake. A search party recovered the five bodies yesterday. When last seen Saturday after- noon, Allen Sibley, a Cornell Uni- versity junior, was skating on the lake, towing two sleds bearing the children. The victims included Sibley's brother, Jonathan, 10, and sister, Claire, 6. The others were June States, 6, and Sharon Loveless, 9. Ex-Millionaire Bootlegger Dies COVINGTON, Ky. George Remus, one-time Chicago lawyer who turned to bootlegging in Cincinnati and made millions, is dead at 78. Remus, once known as the "King of the Bootleggers" died yesterday at his unpretentious residence here. He had been under the care of a special nurse since suffering a stroke Aug. 8, 1950. WEATHER, FEDERAL FORECAST Winona snow and not v so cold tonight. Three to five inches new snow indicated with some blowing and drifting. Tuesday occasional flur- ries and turning colder. Winds shifting to north. Low tonight 20, high-Tuesday 28. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 12 m. Sunday: Maximum, 38; minimum, -1; noon, 2; precipitation, .16. Official observations for the 24 hours ending at 13 m. today: Maximum, 18; minimum, 0; noon, 18; precipitation, snow; sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at Additional weather on Page IS. Temperature Skids to-60 At Fairbanks FAIRBANKS, Alaska The temperature skidded to 60 degrees below zero yesterday and Fair- banks' residents, their regu- lar air communication virtually cut off by the bitter cold, shivered in a frosty world of their own. The cold spell held most of the far north in its grip. It was 78 be- low zero at Snag on the Alaska- Canada border and many interior Alaska points reported readings of 70 below or colder. A dense ice fog which always forms when the mercury drops be- low minus 45, forced scheduled air- lines to cancel flights. were doing a rushing busi- ness as the cold stalled private automobiles. The taxWrivers' ex- penses were running high. Because of the difficulty of starting cold engines, drivers were keeping their motors running 24 hours a day. The hardy who ventured put- doors were bundled in fur-lined parkas with wool mufflers tied over their faces to keep noses and cheeks from freezing. An uncov- ered cheek would freeze in as little as ten minutes of exposure. Deliverymen for local grocery stores had to race around their routes, delivering two or three or- ders at a time to prevent the food from freezing. If they tarried they would have apples as hard as rocks, egga that smashed like glass and canned goods that had frozen and bulged the container. Flagstaff Police Station Robbed "FLAGSTAFF, Ariz. O-Abandit entered the Flagstaff police station and took at gun point, from Deskman Art Nay. He was the only men en duty. Five on B-17 Survive Crash On Mountain Three Others Thrown From Wreck Missing PORT ANGELES, Wash. (Si- Five crewmen of a B-17 mercy plane yesterday survived the crash of their ship on an Olympic penin- sula peak and a plunge down the snow-covered slope. Three other men, presumably thrown from the plane during its plunge, were listed as missing. A para-medic team of four pressed a search for them. The four-engined search and res- cue plane was returning from the scene of a British Columbia plane crash Saturday night when it clip- ped the top of Tyler peak in a blinding snowstorm. The ship bounded over the peak and skidded through the snow down to the level. Search planes located the wreckage Sun- day. At McChord Air Force base, Wash., seven survivors of the Brit- ish Columbia crash told yesterday of praying in unison as they watch- ed 26 fellow passengers swept one by one to their deaths in icy North Pacific seas, One soldier told of baptizing a youth just before he slipped be- neath the battering waves. 33 Out Safoly Thirty-three of the 43 persons aboard the Korean airlift plane got out safely after it crash landed off the British Columbia coast. But only seven remained huddled on the half-submerged wreckage when fishermen arrived with a skiff. The seven survivors, flown to McChord Saturday night from Sandspit airport in the Queen Char- lotte Islands, told of a 90-minute struggle for survival in the icy seas. They described how, numb with cold, they clung to a slippery whig until the rescue boat arrived. The four-engined plane, inbound from Japan with troops en route home on emergency leave, crash- landed a mile off Sandspit airport early Saturday 'after it developed engine trouble. The survivors said ten were kill- ed in the crash. The others man- aged to reach the wing. Capt. Casimir Hybki, 31, pilot of the crashed rescue plane, said the crash came just five minutes after the crew had obtained the last "fix" on their position. Air Bid "The air was said the Tacoma, Wash., pilot, "tossing the plane up 700 to 800 feet at times. A blinding snowstorm prevented seeing the. mountain. "There was a blinding we may have hit some trees first the plane crashed." The plane caught fire after the wreckage came to a stop. But the men had time to roll out sleeping bags and emergency equipment. In the morning they lit flares and smoke bombs" to attract rescuers. "We saw three planes come over this said Sgt. Charles Hartke of Chicago, the ship's radio operator. "One of them circled and we knew we'd be found. Then when that Coast Guard helicopter came over it was the most welcome sight I've ever had in my life." The helicopter pilot, Lt. Cmdr. Gordon H. MacLane, made five trips through snow squalls to carry out survivors and carry in rescue crews. Blizzard Lashes South Dakota By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Near blizzard conditions devel- oped in parts of South Dakota to- day and a fierce wind with gusts of 105 miles an swept the Rapid City air base for time. The state highway department issued "no travel" warnings for 10 northcentral counties. There was three to six inches of new snow west of Aberdeen. Ground blizzards forced plows to pull off the Pierre, Huron and Higbmore area roads. Heavy drifting was reported north of Brookmgs. After four inches of windblown snow fen is Brookings, business came to a near, standstill. Temperatures dropped during the day .and were expected to be in zero to 10 below range -Tues- day. Vinson Asks Second Atomic Sub for Navy WASHINGTON Chair- man Vinson (D-Ga) of the House armed services commit- tee introduced today a bill to authorize construction of the Navy's second nuclear-power- ed submarine. The measure also includes authorization to build a second giant aircraft carrier up to of berthing atom bomb-carrying aircraft. The bill would authorize con- struction and renovation cost- ing approximately 000. Vinson, in announcing the bill, said it would permit con- struction of tons of combatant vessels. This in- cludes two aircraft carriers destroyers four (one up to 000 four submarines, 30 minesweepers, three destroyer escorts, two refrigerated stores ships, two tankers and 23 land- ing ships. Also proposed are 450 land- ing craft and 33 service craft of all types, he said. The measure also sets up a conversion program for tons of combat aircraft carriers of the Essex class, two light cruisers and six destroyer escorts. 11 Billions More Needed to Expand Defense Forces Warns of Plunge Into Red Unless New Taxes Are Voted BUDGET AT A GLANCE For year ending June 30, 1952 Income Outgo Deficit........... Year-end 1953 U. S. Military Gets 60 Cents of Each Tax Dollar WASHINGTON Here's how President Truman plans to dividt etch dollar of spending budget proposes for the 12 months be- ginning next July 1: Military services .W International affairs (in- cluding foreign aid) .13 Veterans benefits, pen- sions, etc...............65 Social Seeurity-health- welfare .................03 Natural resources, includ- ing atomic energy .04 Interest on federal debt .07 Other .....................08 British Crack Down On Araks in Ismailia After Slaying of Nun ISMAILIA, Egypt troops scoured the Arab quarter of this blood-stained Suez Canal zone center today in the wake of the slaying of a'New York-born nun, first American casualty in the Suez A private requiem mass was held here for the nun, 52-year-old Roman Catholic Sister Anthony. Bora Brigitte Ann Timbers, daughter of Samuel Timbers of Peekskill, N.Y., she was killed by a bullet in the heart as she stepped from her convent door Saturday to greet a British tank detachment A British Army announcement last night said "it has been es- tablished" the nun was killed by one of a group of Egyptian "thugs" who invaded the convent garden to throw bombs at the Bri- tish. Other versions said no one saw who shot the nun. Egyptian author- ities and Cairo newspapers claim- ed that a British bullet killed her. The papers accused the British of "attempting to rouse Americans against Egypt" by giving a "false account" of the shooting. Dressed in her blue ankle-length habit and starched white broad- brimmed hat, the head nun lay in state in the Convent of St. Vin- cent de Paul, located on a main Ismailia Street near the cen- ter of Saturday's fighting. Mast Tuesday A public requiem mass will be held tomorrow, followed by burial in the military cemetery of Bri- tish headquarters at the nearby Moascar garrison. The death of the nun brought immediate orders from her close personal friend here, Gen. Sir George Erskine, British command- er in the Canal Zone, for a thor- ough cleanup of the Arab quarter of Ismailia. Erskine said the quarters of a mile long and three blocks been the operat- ing center for Egyptians sniping at British troops here. As big Centurion tanks blocked the entrances to the quarter, Bri- tish Tommies early yesterday be- gan a fine-comb search of the area. Forty-one suspected guerrillas were arrested. Hundreds of Egyp- tian families were driven out of the area and into another part of the city. The section was two-thirds cleared yesterday and the job was to be completed today. Firing broke out last night be- tween British and Egyptians on the edge of Ismailia, headquarters for British troops in Egypt and the scene of frequent bloodshed In clashes between Britian's military forces and Egyptians trying to drive them out of the Canal Zone. Concern In Cairo the American embassy said U. S. Ambassador Jeffer- son Caffery had expressed "grave concern" to Egypt over the slay- ing of Sister Anthony. The embassy said Egypt's act- ing foreign minister, Farag Pasha, had assured Caffery an ate investigation" would be made. U. S. Consul Lamar .Mulliner came from Cairo with an Egyptian police escort to represent the em- bassy at. the nan's funeral. The embassy said, he, would continue the investigation into the slaying begun Sunday Jotaaon, at nrt By CHARLES F. BARRETT WASHINGTON (IP) President Truman today sent Congress an spending budget, an unprece- dented figure except in all-out war. He said it was "a heavy burden the price of peace." To lawmakers talking loudly of economy in this elec- tion year, the President outlined an 11 billion dollar ex- pansion in armed forces spending to more than 51 billion, including a start on building the Air Force from 90 wings to 143. He said his foreign aid program, under especially heavy criticism, "is vital and indispensable in the total fight for security and peace." Mr. Truman called for expanding total aid from this year to next fiscal year, with military aid alone jumping from four to eight billion. His budget, he said in his annual message, "is carefully planned to carry us a long way forward on the road to security." He warned there is grim evidence "the Krem- lin would not hesitate to resort to -war in order to gain its ends." New Taxes Needed Mr. Truman said without new taxes, his budget for the fiscal year beginning July 1 would plunge the government Total further in the red. The deficit for the current fis- cal year was an estimated Then he repeated a call for about "at. the very in additional revenue a call that apparently fell on deaf ears when he first urged more taxes last Wednesday in his econ- omic report to Congress. This time the President didn't pitch his plea as strongly as he did last week nor did he specifi- cally mention rate increases as he did in his economic report. emphasized "loophole" plugging. Includes 'Fair Deal' Mr. Truman tacked onto his budget a reduced flock of "fair deal" measures, including a fair employment practices commission to many southerners" social security bene- fits and federal aid to schools. He did not mention two con- troversial programs he plumped for futilely in his last budget the Brannan plan of farm subsidies and national health insurance. Over-all, national security pro- grams would take 76 cents out of every dollar, the President (Continued on Page 7, Column BUDGET THE FEDERAL BUDGET 1950 1951 SMMM lurMu rf ttrfftt 1952 in. 1953 Graph the increasing federal budgets in of dollars as estimated for the years of 1952 and 1953 in contrast to 1950 and 1851 budget expenditures. Dotted columns alongside budget symbols show federal receipts, which indicate deficits in all years except 1951. Veterans' payments (dark lined area in budget columns) decrease steadily and government obligations (criss-crossed wcton) riw through 1952 and 1BW. win. pboteCkact) 7 y. i?