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Winona Republican-Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 21, 1949, Winona, Minnesota VOLUME 48, NO. 285 WINONA, MINNESOTA, FRIDAY EVENING, JANUARY 21, 1949 FIVE CENTS PER COPY SIXTEEN PAGES Chiang Clears Way for China Peace Three Farm Problems Going to Legislature Funds Sought For Secondary Failure of Gasoline Tax Amendment Causes Concern By Adolph Johnson St. Minnesota leg- islature will be asked within the next few weeks to take a hand in solving three problems facing the farmers. Here they are: How to get more money for fann-to-market roads; What advice to give Congress on the parity question; What to do about the disease controversy. Failure of the 50-50 gasoline tax amendment at the November elec- tion tossed the road problem back to the legislature. Farm members feel the legislature must do something soon to provide more money for road maintenance in the rural areas which is what the amendment would have done. Being considered are moves to raise the gasoline tax by legislative action, increase automobile license fees and resubmisslon of the amend- ment at the next general electon. "Whatever we do about the prob- said Senator Oscar Swenson of Nicollet, a leading farm legisla- tor, "the house and senate must work in harmony. It Is so Impor- tant we can't afford to get Into the same position we did two years ago." House and -senate differences over the highway problem at the end of the 1947 session resulted in a wran- gle which tied up the legislature sev- eral days. The legislature Is also certain to be asked to take a stand on the par- ity question in the form of a memor- ial to Congress. It will have to de- cide between the slidir backed by the Farm Bureau (Continued on Page 14, Column 1.) LEGISLATURE Firemen Are Shown fighting a fire which swept a part of the Archer-Danlels-MIdland Company's soybean drying plane at Minneapolis last night. (A.P. WIrephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Minneapolis Woman Dead f j In Apartment House Fire Minneapolis A Minneapolis woman was found dead e early today "in a smoke-filled hall after she had roused seven persons who fled safely from a lire in a fourplex. The Alsops De Gaulle Hard to Understand She was Mrs. Eva Roepke, 52, a widow employed by a Univer- sity of Minnesota fraternity. The blaze, of unknown origin, was discovered in her apartment at 3315 Bryant avenue south. Albert Bluhm, 54, a roomer, said Mrs. Roepke woke him shortly be- fore midnight and he got up In Wisconsin Bill Asks Lawyers for Judges Minneapolis A-D-M Plant Truman Down To Business After Inaugural Administration On Course Toward World Peace By Douglas B. Cornell Tru man put aside early this morning the golden moments of his greatest day and set his administration on a course of world leadership toward "peace, plenty and freedom." That was the shining goal he chose for himself and the nation in yesterday's inaugural address. And the first real business of his new administration was the swear- ing in of the man who will share with him the responsibilities for piloting a strongly anticommunist foreign policy. The chief executive, standing j straight as a string against an winter wind yesterday, took the presidential oath in an ancient, dra- matic ritual. After that, the inaugural address, the parade, the inaugural reception at which he ducked the customary hand pumping, a quiet dinner at home with family and friends, and finally the inaugural ball. Watches Daughter And he didn't even look tuckered as he stayed until (E.S.T.) this morning to watch daughter Mar- garet and thousands of other danc- ers swirl around two acres of Na- tional Guard armory. But not even three name bands. Firemen last Dean Acheson, left, sworn In as secretary of state this forenoon by Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson In President Truman's White House office. The President, center, witnesses the ceremony from behind his desk. Major General Harry Vaughan, presidential military aide, is In background. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) Acheson Takes Over As Secretary of State By John H. Hightower Washington Dean Acheson takes over as secretary of state today the task ol translating into action, in Congress and around the world, the four-front .anticommunist foreign policy to which President Truman has committed his second term. Foremost among his major tasks as successor to retiring Secre- tary George Marshall will be the development of a plan for stim- ulating the flow of American private capital into .foreign invest- rnents. Mr. Truman's Inclusion of this point in his inauguration speech indicates that the administration has reached a major turning point President and Mrs. Truman out of their box in the balcony. They just brought Margaret to the party, then chatted with personal and official friends while she spun away with partners like Commander Jesse Gay, Minneapolis night quickly which swept a part of the Daniels-Midland soybean dryingj names mean some- Va-i zimmermans. time to see her dash through an- plant in southeast Minneapolis. i thing in the official, political and A heavy fire wall kept flames! diplomatic sets gathered in the vast spreading to attached storage hall, showing off stunning gowns, jbins. There was no immediate esti-l diamonds and full-dress black and other room, already flaming, into I the hall. Mrs. John Lemleux, Mrs, Roepke's mate of damage to the plant, built [white. Madison, measure niece, said her aunt had aroused her at a cost of By Joseph Alsop Paris In the eyes of a visitor from the moon, Charles de Gaulle would appear as only one more symptom of the polarization of poli- tics around the extremes of right and left that is a major phenom- enon of our dark times. In the eyes of a great many Frenchmen, de Gaulle represents the only hope for the strong and stable government which France now lacks. But in the eyes of an Ameri- can observer, de Gaulle is chiefly interesting in rela- tion to the somewhat jerrybuilt' structure of resistance to Soviet Imperialism which has been so la- boriously put together in the last) three years under the leadership) of Washington. As an individual, de Gaulle Is inevitably difficult for Americans to which would prohibit anyone except a practicing attorney to be appointed or elected state supreme court jus- tice was introduced in the Wisconsin senate today. Senator Schlabach (R.-La Crosse) frair and her husband and lour And there were plenty of lesser .about p. m. in the occupants of the second floor. plant at 29tn avenue the confusion of getting out, Mrs. j and the Great Western railroad Lemieux said no one noticed. that Mrs.. Roepke had collapsed, appar- unlesshe saSwi bill also would .prohibit any ftom burn-s sheT received r-mnine for anv out of her own quartersjmato Part fire was confined to spread the alarm. Firemen found her body in the second floor hall. They confined the fire to the Roepke apartment, although others were smoke dam- aged. The two-alarm blaze broke out j lights who got their white ties and o.on fn of moth, balls or rental agencies. Sweeping nervously over them all were multi-colored beacons that never stayed stffl. Playing for their dancing were Guy Lombardo, Xavier Cugat and Benny Goodman, tracks. Several dozen windows In the tow- ering building were aflame. The The bill is he added, "to clarify a section of the state consti- tution which sets up qualifications regarding tenure of sitting judges and their qualifications to run for other offices." Senator Joseph McCarthy (R.- of Appleton, currently is un- der fire of the state bar association. The association started action against him in Wisconsin supreme court because he ran for the D. Senate before first resigning as understand. He straight out of comes, after all, the 17th century. With his hieratic figure, he looks as different as possible from a modern politician. His language, as the brilliant Janet Planner has remarked, is the French of Bossuet. And his conception of the role of France in Europe even in the Europe over which the Kremlin hangs like a long, black shadow, is not very different from the con- ception prevailing in the epoch of Louis XIV. THE AMERICAN difficulty With de Gaulle, so notably illustrated in his relations with Franklin Roose- velt, is increased by his almost mystical faith in his own destiny, his compensating lack of respect for the human race in general, and his passionate, obstinate insistence upon being French. No one could be less a citizen of the world or more a citizen of his own .country. All his qualities were somehow summed up, j in the early months after the! La Crosse Man Sales Manager Truman Honored A son Iowa City, Iowa born to Mr. and Mrs. Orion ing from which heavy columns of white smoke poured. Firemen laid four hose lines and scaled the plant on outside fire es- capes to keep the flames from spreading. No one was injured. The drying plant, built about four While the European recovery and other announced aid programs will go ahead as scheduled, officials ex- pect increasing stress on the use of, private capital abroad and, a de-' creasing use of direct American government financing. Congress Puzzled Congress was frankly puzzled over the possible methods of guarantee- ing American investments abroad. How the lawmakers will finally react apparently depends on the form in which Mr. Truman presents his plan in this connection. Acheson formally took office at 10 a. m. at the White House. In over-all policy making he is faced with three main, immediate problems: I. Completion of the draft of a North Atlantic security treaty bind- ing the United States and Canada The new vice-president, Alben a military alliance with the key Barkley, was there, too. Things tapered off today, even so, tireless Mr. Truman was ready to make the rounds of more Democratic women's get- together, a late afternoon reception given by Secretary of the Treasury Snyder, a look-in tonight on an years ago, is adjacent to Delmarj inaugural, ball for Barkley. No. 1, one of Archer-Daniels-Mid-1 For a man who has been putting land Company's largest grain stor-ijn 18 hours a day on the inaugural L elevators. i whirl, that was rather a light day. i-Taniz wwa, Firemen said a heavy fire waUJ It. gave Washington a chance to was named Harry S Truman Jon the north section of the plant! shoo some of the hundreds of thou- day was named Harry iTuman mstnimental ln keeptag the fire sands of visitors out of town an.d to the one plant. Two other ele- shake off the effects of the most vators, Delmar No. 3 and 4, were spectacular inauguration and parade] Frantz. The baby, weighing eight pounds, six ounces, was born within the inaugural hour yesterday. endangered. of all time. St. L. McCall of La Crosse, Wis., was appointed general sales manager of the Jacob Schmidt Brewing Company of St. Paul today. He recently resigned from a similar position with the G. Heileman Brew- ing Company of La Crosse. WEATHER FEDERAL FORECASTS Winona and vicinity. Cloudy with light snow early tonight; clearing late tonight; colder. Low in the city in the country. Sat- urday becoming cloudy with light snow again by afternoon; colder; high 15. LOCAL WEATHER Official observations for the hours ending at 12 m. today: Maximum, 24; minimum, noon, 18; precipitation, .05 (inch of sun sets tonight at sun rises tomorrow at TEMPERATURES ELSEWHERE Max. Min. Free. 27 21 Int. Falls 1 Kansas City 30 French surrender, when he remark- jchicago ed to one of his startled and some- j Denver ............_ what offended collaborators, Moines 16 know, I am making Free France JDuluth 14 from the burnt ends of matches." Finally, although he thinks of his- tory in endless vistas, the very in-1 Miami tensity of his French'feeling makes Mpls.-St. Paul ___ 14 him a little provincial. With this New Orleans 58 provincialism must always havejuew York 42 gone a tendency to be suspiciousJ.seattle 34 And the idiotic treatment of dej phoenix 56 (Continued on PaRe 14, Column Washington 42 THE ALSOPS I Winnipeg 25 1 11 6 22 67 6 53 27 24 34 30 .13 .10 .01 .09 .02 The Huge Crowd "which has had Washington bursting at the seams for the past week turned out en masse in fine typical "Truman crowding the stands and all available space to watch the Inauguration of President Truman and Vice-President Alben W. Barkley. Above is a general view of the tremendous assemblage taken from the House wing of the Capitol during the ceremonies. nations of western Europe. The treaty should be ready to go to the Senate by mid-February. 2. Final development of an over- all foreign aid program. This would include not only economic assistance for the second year of the Marshal plan in Europe, but also a plan for giving military arms and equipment to friendly nations, principally those in western Europe. 3. Formation of a detailed plan for making good Mr. Truman's pledge that this nation will under- take to raise living standards by in- creasing production of goods in backward areas of the earth. Officials who have been doing spadework on this project foresee action along several lines. Over the next few weeks they expect re- sponses from Industrialized foreign nations, such as Britain and France, to Mr. Truman's Invitation in his inaugural speech that all nations able to do so join in building up under-developed areas. Foreign Viewpoint Awaited Washington also expects to hear, perhaps even more promptly, from many of the countries which might benefit by this program. The Presi- dent Is believed to have nad parti- cularly in mind broad regions of Latin America and Asia. Officials familiar with the back- ground of Mr. Truman's proposal said that from the American point of view there are two main prob- lems. One is the use of American technical skills and industrial know- how; the other is the provision of capital for foreign investment. It is expected that as the pro- gram develops many American mis- sions of engineers and scientists will be sent abroad. In some Instances they may be paid for by this gov- ernment; In others they may be on the payrolls of private companies seeking investment opportunities. Social Hygiene Day On February 2 St. Paul A proclamation designating Wednesday, February 2 as "National Social Hygiene day" to alert the public to the dangers of venereal diseases was issued by Governor Youngdahl today. Vice-President Gets Chance for Talks to Reds Li Given Authority To Negotiate Civil War Settlement By Harold K. Milks Nanking President Chiang Kai-shek handed the burden of war or peace today to Vice-President LI Tsung-jen and flew to Hangchow for a rest and possible retirement. Li, accepting the acting presl- jdency, faces the Immediate problem I of settling with the communists, whose arms have steadily pressed Chiang back since last fall. Officially Chiang, who threatened many times in his stormy career to I walk out, did not resign or retire. He just left. Behind he left a statement he I took the step "to lessen the harfl- j ships of my an informed jsource said. Li, in an acceptance etatement, said he took on the presidential duties "in the hope the people will give me their full support." As is his annual custom, Chiang flew south to "sweep the tombs" of his ancestors. But many felt that he would not be back if Li were successful in dealing with the com- munists. Chiang's' official destination was given as Hangchow. Later, an of- ficial statement said, he expects to go to Fenghua, his native place la Chekiang province, south of Shang- hai, The generalissimo's departure was secret. He left behind his luxurious- ly appointed airplane and hopped into a smaller twin-engined ship. High officials pored over Chiang's statement. It has not yet been re- leased. The chief of the judicial yuan was looking it over for "con- stitutional points." An official announcement said would visit his native place at Feng- hua In Chekiang province. Tha four-engined plane In which. I he had been expected to flee Nan- king remained at the field. The official announcement gava (Continued on Page 6, Column 5.) CHINA Close Ups China's President Chiang Kai- shek, who left Nanking amid reports he was quitting today, is shown walking down the steps of Sun Yat Sen's tomb just be- fore reviewing Chinese soldiers January 16. (A.P. Wirephoto to The Republican-Herald.) French Revalue Government Bonds By Carl Hartman finance ministry unexpectedly ordered the French stock exchange closed today and an- nounced all bonds issued by the French government will be revalued. The cabinet meanwhile was sum- moned to a special session1 this aft- ernoon. The finance ministry annouiice- ment said that to "avoid unhealthy speculation" all stock exchanges would be closed today in France and North Africa. Trading will be resumed freely on Monday, the ministry added, when all details of a new government loan lave been disclosed. The stock exchange sometimes is closed to limit speculation when an mportant government financial de- cision is about to be released. Banks remained open, however. They and the stock exchange regu- arly close on Saturday and reopen on Monday. Premier Henri Queuille has an- nounced that the loan will be for francs (about It will be used for recon- struction. Sled Hits Woman Glenwood, Sarah Stinson, 68, of Glenwood was seri- ously injured yesterday when a child on a sled ran into her. Miss Stinson suffered a fractured hip. Argentina Helps U. S. Children By Upton Close Washington Eva Peron, ex-act- tress wife of the president of Argen- jtine, sent six big crates of used I clothing to the Children's Aid so- ciety of Washington, D. C., which works for the poor of the capital city of the richest and spendingest government on earth. A lady worker of the local Chil- dren's Aid society had solicited tho various embassies In Washington for cast-off clothing. Most of them, wrote the conventional "allowance to charities" checks of five or ten dollars. Some embassy people in ad- dition turned in a few pairs of worn riding pants, out-of-style or too small in the middle clothes, and outgrown kids stuff. But the Argentine embassy saw a chance to heap coals of fire. It for- warded the request to Argentine First Lady Eva Peron, who is head of the Foundation of Social Aid in Buenos Aires, and dlctatress of charity in Argentine. Signora Eva came through hand- somely. She sent enough clothing to cover 600 children. Our Wash- ington Chlldrens Aid society clothes about underprivileged children each year. So our friends, the Ar- gentinians, have done over half the job for this year. Story Played Down Now, there are several pertinent to be made from this. Pity is, so few will be made. The big press services played the story down if they carried it at all. Many news editors and desk rewrite men, who are general- ly antagonistic to the Argentine re- gime, let it go to the wastebasket, particularly those who are members of the C.I.O. Newspapermen's Guild. Radio commentators have generally and unthinkingly followed the red line attack on the Perons aad Ar- gentine. They are not emphasizing either the amusing or the instructive angles of this incident. Our State department, which Is guilty of interference in Argentine affairs, and whose officials for the most part have belittled and en- deavored to undercut the Perons' government much as they did the Chiang Kai-shek government in China, isn't making its face any redder by calling attention to this heap of coals on Its head. And Harry Truman's inaugural (.Continued on Page 6, Column 4.) CLOSE-UPS ;